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thermal analysis techniques in conjunction with the optimization routine to solve, more accurately, for the temperature distribution around the cable. (3) The use of sensitivity profiles with respect to other cable fluctuations including the backfill material itself.

DEFI NE

INTERNAL

I

CONSTRAINTS

1

INPUT CABLE DATA,

DESIGN VARIABLES

AND CONFIGURATION

YES FOR MULTI-CABLE ,|~~~~~~NO

FORMULATE OBJECTIVE

FUNCTION AND

CONSTRAINTS

ONIGUATO

SET PENALTY FUNCTION

PARAMETERS r AND t

TO INITIAL VALUES

systems",

Systems), vol. 76, 1957, pp. 752-772.

AIEE Trans.

(Power Apparatus

and

[21

L.H. Fink, "Control of the

thermal environment of

buried cable systems",

AIEE Trans.

(Power

Apparatus and Systems),

vol.

73,

1954,

pp.

406-412.

 

3]

L.H.

Fink

and

J.J.

Smerke,

"Control of

the

thermal environment

of

Part

II",

AIEE Trans.

buried cable

systems,

(Power Apparatus and

Systems), vol. 77, 1958, pp. 161-168.

[4] J.V. Schmill, "Variable soil thermal resistivity-

steady state analysis", Apparatus and Systems, vol.

IEEE Trins.

PAS-86,

215-223.

Power

1967,

pp.

K.E.

"Effective thermal resistivity for power cables

buried in thermal backfill", IEEE Trans. Power

Apparatus and Systems,

pp. 2201-2214.

[6] M.A. El-Kady, "Computer-aided design of cable thermal backfill", Proc. Symposium on Underground Cable Thermal Back-Fill, (Toronto, Canada, 1981).

[5]

Saleeby, W.Z.

Black

and

vol.

J.G.

Hartley,

1979,

PAS-98,

[71

[81

Beightler, Foundations of

D.J.

Optimization.

Hall, 1967.

P.E. Gill and W. Murray, Eds., Numerical Methods

Prentice-

Wilde and C.S.

Englewood Cliffs, NJ:

for Constrained Optimization.

New

York:

Academic Press, 1974.

List of Symbols

B Depth to center of cable backfill, m

C(x)

Cable

trench and backfill

cost

function,

$/linear m

 

D

Backfill thickness, m

d

Outside diameter of cable, m

 

g(x)

Vector of q inequality constraints on design

 

variables

 

h(x)

Vector of k equality constraints on design variables

I

Cable ampacity, kA

I.

L

Depth of reference cable below earth's

 

surface, m

 

S

Axial spacing between adjacent cables, m

ST

Sensitivity of cable ampacity w.r.t. ambient temperature

Sp

Sensitivity of

cable ampacity w.r.t. soil

 

thermal resistivity

 

Ta

Ambient temperature, °C

Fig.

[1]

11

Flow chart of program

REFERENCES

structure

J.H. Neher and M.H. McGrath, "The calculation of

the temperature rise and load capability of cable

Tc

Maximum allowable conductor temperature, °C

W Trench (or backfill) width, m

x Vector of n design variables

Pf Backfill thermal resistivity, °C m/W

PS

Native soil thermal resistivity, °C m/W