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HAND OUT #2 IN HUMANITIES

Name: _______________________________________________________ Code number: __________

ART- Lifeblood of Humanities because it convey ones feelings and thoughts


- It is an essential factor that motivates an individual to create and appreciate a thing of beauty
- Any creative skill, a talent, a painting, a design, a colorful creation, an original composition and a masterpiece
- Aristotle – “art is the right reason of making things.” It is the process of creating things that is guided by good
intention and it does not violate the universal concept of justice. It is the skillful arrangement, composition or
transformation of things in nature of from the imagination to express human feelings, emotions or thoughts in a
meaningful and useful way

FUNCTIONS OF ART

Art’s general function is to satisfy our individual needs for personal expression, our social needs for display, celebration,
and communication and our physical needs for utilitarian objects and structures.

1. PERSONAL FUNCTION
a. Art makes individual aware of others ways of thinking, feeling, and imagining that have never occurred to
him/her before.
b. It offers one fresh insights into nature and human nature so that he/she gains a better understanding of
himself/herself and the world around him/her.
c. Art helps an individual to improve his/ her life.

2. SOCIAL FUNCTION
a. It seeks or tends to influence the collective behavior of people.
b. It is created to be seen or used primarily in public situations.
c. It expresses or describes social or collective aspects of existence as opposed to individual and personal kinds of
experiences.

3. PHYSICAL FUNCTION
The forms and structures of art make one to live his/her life comfortably.

NATURE OF ART

1. ART IS EVERYWHERE
Art is part of one’s life. He/she cannot ignore its presence even if he/she tries to.

2. ART AS EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION


Art is created through expressing one’s feelings and emotions.

3. ART IS NOT NATURE


A work of art is man-made. Although art may closely resemble nature, it can never duplicate nature.

4. ART PERFECTS NATURE


Although nature displays order and harmony, sometimes it is in its chaotic state. Artist duplicate things they like
and eliminate the undesirable elements in nature to convey their message of love and beauty.

5. ART’S MESSAGE IS UNIVERSAL


Art must be universally significant.

1 HUMANITIES- Art Appreciation


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BEAUTY
• Webster dictionary: Beauty is an assemblage of perfection through which an object is rendered pleasing
to the eye.
• Plato: Beauty is equated with the sublime identity with good.
• Aristotle: Beauty is a symmetry, proportion, and an organic order of parts into united whole.
• Spinosa: A thing is beautiful if we desire it, and desire it because it is good; and if it is good, it is therefore
beautiful.
• Santayana: Beauty is pleasure objectified.
• Realist: “Beauty is where you find it.”
• Idealist: “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”

TYPES OF BEAUTY
 Ideal Beauty
- One finds from objects or scenes in nature which conforms or approximate to his idea of how beauty
should be made or formed, which expectation is the result of man’s accumulated knowledge or total
aesthetic experiences.
- Example: Tree, Rainbow

 Real Beauty
- A type of beauty which conforms to the general expectations of man in a particular society, period and
culture according to subject, function or genre that it represents.
- Example: Gloria Diaz, the Philippines’ First Miss Universe (Beauty, tact & intelligence)

 Natural Beauty
- A type of beauty as found in nature (not man-made)
- Objects which exhibits manifestations that there has been no intervention made by man.
- Example: Sierra Cave, Peñablanca; Hundred Islands, Pangasinan

 Artificial Beauty
- A type of beauty realized the moment man tries to make some changes in nature in order to realize some
concept, atmosphere or mood.
- Example: Barbie, Cinderella

 Decorative Beauty
- The type of beauty that is realized from the actual physical or material presence of the work of art.
- It refers to the decorative function of the work of art that helps beautify the place.
- Example: Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics like Vase, Jar or Pot, or a furniture

 Spiritual Beauty
- A type of beauty discerned from works of art where in subjects are about religion, or beauty found in noble
and virtuous life.
- Example: the image of Our Lady of Piat, the image of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, the image of
Saint Louis

 Intellectual Beauty
- A type of beauty that is discerned after giving due consideration to points or elements or a meaning found
beyond the surface or composition’s observable features
- Example: Painted Window by Phyllis Zaballero

2 HUMANITIES- Art Appreciation


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CLASSIFICATION OF ARTS

A. ACCORDING TO PURPOSE

 Practical or Useful Arts


- Are human creations used to produce artifacts, tools, and utensils used in doing household and
everyday chores
- Example: basket weaving, agriculture

 Liberal Arts
- Involves the development of man’s intellectual reasoning
- Example: Mathematics, Astronomy, Grammar

 Fine Arts
- Are the products of human creative activity as they express beauty in different ways and media for
the satisfaction and relaxation of man’s mind and spirit
- Example: painting, Sculpture, Architecture

 Major Arts
- Are characterized by their actual and potential expressiveness and by a purely disinterested purpose
- Example: Music, Poetry, Sculpture

 Minor Arts
- Are works connected with practical uses and purposes
- Example: Interior decoration, Porcelain art

B. ACCORDING TO MEDIA AND FORMS

 Plastic Arts
- Are developed through space and perceived by the sense of sight
- Example: Painting, Sculpture, Architecture

 Phonetic Arts
- Are based on sounds and words as media of expression
- Example: Music, Drama, Literature

 Kinetic Arts
- Make use of rhythmic movement as the elements of expression
- Example: Dance

 Pure Arts
- Utilize only one medium of expression
- Example: Sound in music, Color in painting

 Mixed Arts
- Use two or more media
- Example: Opera (Music, Drama, Poetry)

3 HUMANITIES- Art Appreciation


Prelim