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UNIT CONVERSIONS

Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu


Conversion from metric to Conversion from English to Calculations
English unit metric unit
Metr.symbol Multiply by Eng.name Eng.symbol Multiply by Metr.symbol Metr.quantity Eng.result Eng.quantity Metr.result
mm 0.03937 inches in 25.4 mm 1 0.03937 1 25.4
m 3.28084 feet ft 0.3048 m 1 3.28084 1 0.3048
m 1.09361 yards yd 0.9144 m 1 1.09361 1 0.9144
km 0.621373 miles(land) mile(st) 1.60934 km 1 0.621373 1 1.60934
l 0.264178 gallons(US) gal(US) 3.78533 l 1 0.264178 1 3.78533
l 0.219976 gallons(UK) gal(UK) 4.54596 l 1 0.219976 1 4.54596
l 0.0353147 cubic feet cu.ft 28.3168 l 1 0.0353147 1 28.3168
m3 6.28994 barrel bbl 0.158984 m3 1 6.28994 1 0.158984
N 0.224809 pounds lbs 4.44822 N 1 0.224809 1 4.44822
kg 2.20462 pounds lbs 0.453592 kg 1 2.20462 1 0.453592
kPa 0.145038 psi psi 6.894745 kPa 1 0.145038 1 6.894745
Mpa 145.038 psi psi 0.0068947 Mpa 1 145.038 1 0.0068947
bar 14.5038 psi psi 0.0689475 bar 1 14.5038 1 0.0689475
N.m 0.737561 foot pounds ft.lb 1.35582 N.m 1 0.737561 1 1.35582
kg.m 7.23301 foot pounds ft.lb 0.138255 kg.m 1 7.23301 1 0.138255
kg/m 0.671971 pounds/foot lb/ft 1.48816 kg/m 1 0.671971 1 1.48816
kg/l 8.34523 pounds/gallon ppg 0.119829 kg/l 1 8.34523 1 0.119829
kg/l 62.4278 pounds/cu.ft pcf 0.0160185 kg/l 1 62.4278 1 0.0160185
kg/m3 0.3505 pounds/barrel lb/bbl 2.85307 kg/m3 1 0.3505 1 2.85307
m3/h 150.959 barrel/day bbl/day 0.00662433 m3/h 1 150.959 1 0.00662433
l/m 0.001917 barrel/foot bbl/ft 521.601 l/m 1 0.001917 1 521.601
l/m 0.0107640 cu foot/foot cu.ft/ft 92.090289 l/m 1 0.010764 1 92.090289
l/m 0.0805214 US gallon/foot gal/ft 12.4191 l/m 1 0.0805214 1 12.4191
l/m 0.0062899 barrel/meter bbl/m 158.984 l/m 1 0.0062899 1 158.984
kPa/m 0.0442076 psi/foot psi/ft 22.62055 kPa/m 1 0.0442076 1 22.62055
bar/m 4.42076 psi/foot psi/ft 0.2262055 bar/m 1 4.42076 1 0.2262055
kPa/m 0.145038 psi/meter psi/m 6.894745 kPa/m 1 0.145038 1 6.894745
bar/m 14.5038 psi/meter psi/m 0.0689475 kPa/m 1 14.5038 1 0.0689475
kW 1.34102 horse power hp 0.7457 kW 1 1.34102 1 0.7457
103daN.km 0.69832 Ton.mile Ton.mile 1.43201 103daN.km 1 0.69832 1 1.43201

1. oldal
Conversion between metric units Calculations
"A" "B" "C" "D" "E" "F"
Metr.symbol Multiply by Metr.symbol Metr.symbol Multiply by Metr. Symbol "A"quantity "C"result "D"quantity "F"result
bar 100 kPa kPa 0.01 bar 1 100 1 0.01
bar 0.1 MPa MPa 10 bar 1 0.1 1 10
N 0.102 kg kg 9.80665 N 1 0.102 1 9.80665
daN 1.02 kg kg 0.980665 daN 1 1.02 1 0.980665
N.m 0.102 kg.m kg.m 9.80665 N.m 1 0.102 1 9.80665
Conversion between british units Calculations
"A" "B" "C" "D" "E" "F"
Eng.symbol Multiply by Eng.symbol Eng.symbol Multiply by Eng.symbol "A"quantiy "C"result "D"quantity "F"result
in 0.0833333 ft ft 12 in 1 0.0833333 1 12
ft 0.333333 yd yd 3 ft 1 0.333333 1 3
yd 0.0005682 Mile (stat) Mile (stat) 1760 yd 1 0.0005682 1 1760
yd 0.0004929 Mile (naut.) Mile (naut.) 2029 yd 1 0.0004929 1 2029
sq in 0.0069444 sq ft sq ft 144 sq in 1 0.0069444 1 144
sq ft 0.111111 sq yd sq yd 9 sq ft 1 0.111111 1 9
sq yd 0.0002066 acre acre 4840 sq yd 1 0.0002066 1 4840
acres 0.0015625 sq mile(stat) sq mile(stat) 640 acre 1 0.0015625 1 640
cu in 0.0005787 cu ft cu ft 1728 cu in 1 0.0005787 1 1728
gal(US) 0.1336777 cu ft cu ft 7.48068 gal(US) 1 0.1336777 1 7.48068
cu ft 0.1781113 bbl bbl 5.614467 cu ft 1 0.1781113 1 5.614467
gal(US) 0.0238095 bbl bbl 42 gal(US) 1 0.0238095 1 42
oz 0.0625 lbs lbs 16 oz 1 0.0625 1 16
lb 0.0005 sh. tn sh. tn 2000 lbs 1 0.0005 1 2000
gal/ft 0.1336777 cu.ft/ft cu.ft/ft 7.48068 gal/ft 1 0.1336777 1 7.48068
cu.ft/ft 0.1781113 bbl/ft bbl/ft 5.614467 cu.ft/ft 1 0.1781113 1 5.614467
gal/ft 0.0238095 bbl/ft bbl/ft 42 gal/ft 1 0.0238095 1 42
ppg 7.48068 pcf pcf 0.1336777 ppg 1 7.48068 1 0.1336777
1 0 1 0
1 0 1 0
1 0 1 0
1 0 1 0
1 0 1 0

2. oldal
KICK SHEET / driller's method in metric units /
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
Well: Date:
Well data Mud pump data

DP 2
Hole size 8.5 in Pump Pump1.output Pump2.output
Original mud density cap. 0.0162 m3/str. 0 m3/str.
OMD 1490 kg/m3 Present pump output in use 0.0162 m3/str.

DP 1
Casing shoe data 9 SCR Slow Pump Pressures/SPP/
Size 9.625 in 9 str/min pump1. pump2.

HWDP
Yield pres. 47300 kPa 118.42105 15 0 kPa 0 kPa
M.depth 1900 m 118.42105 20 0 kPa 0 kPa
T.V.depth 1900 m 25 0 kPa 0 kPa
DC 2

Hole depth 30 2800 kPa 0 kPa


M.depth 3600 m 35 0 kPa 0 kPa
DC 1
DC 1

T.V.depth 3600 m 40 0 kPa 0 kPa


TVD of bit 3600 m Present Slow Pump Pressure and SCR
P.LOT Bit 30 2800 kPa
at surface 12000 kPa MW.LOT-Mud weight during test 1240 kg/m3
MAASPOMD-Maximum allowable annulus W.o-gradient of mud in test
surface pressure with original mud W.o=MW.LOT * 9,81/1000 12.16 kPa/m
MAASPOMD=FBD-((OMD*9,81*TVDcsgshoe)/1000) FBD-Formation breakdown pressure
MAASPOMD 7340 kPa FBD=P.LOT+(TVDcsg.shoe * W.o) 35112 kPa
MW.max-maximum mud weight fbd-formation breakdown gradient
MW.max=FBD * 1000/(9,81 * TVDcsg.shoe) fbd=FBD/TVDcsg.shoe 18.48 kPa/m
MW.max 1884 kg/m3 W.1-gradient of original mud
W.1=OMD * 9,81/1000 14.62 kPa/m
Pre-recorded data Pump strokes Time
Length m. Cap.m3/m Volume m3 Volume/pump cap. Pump strs/SPM
Surface line 50 0.009 0.45 28 str. 1 min.
DP1. 3340 0.0091 30.39 1876 str. 63 min.
DP2. 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC1 260 0.00401 1.04 64 str. 2 min.
DC2 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
Drill string volume (surface to bit) 31.89 1968 str. 66 min.
OH - without string 0 0.03661 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC1-Op hole 260 0.0152 3.95 244 str. 8 min.
DC2-Op hole 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP-Op hole 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DP1.-Op hole 1440 0.02345 33.77 2084 str. 69 min.
Open hole volume (bit to shoe) 37.72 2328 str. 78 min.
DC1-Cas. 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC2-Cas. 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP-Cas. 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DP1-Cas. 1900 0.02503 47.56 2936 str. 98 min.
DP2-Cas. 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
Total ann.volume (bit to surface) 85.28 5264 str. 175 min.
Total mud volume in the hole 117.16 7232 str. 241 min.
Active surface volume 150.00 9259 str. 309 min.

3. oldal
Total volume
total volume in hole+active surface volume 267.16 16492 str. 550 min.
NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data
Kick data
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
SIDPP - Shut in drill pipe pressure 3500 kPa
SICP - Shut in casing pressure 5000 kPa
GAIN - Pit gain 1.800 m3

Kick calculations

KMD-Kill Mud Density


KMD=OMD+(102 * (SIDPP+SP))/TVD bit 1589 kg/m3
SP-safety pressure /usually 1000kPa/ 0 kPa
Barites required (dw * (KMD-OMD))/(dw-KMD) 159.53 kg/m3
dw- Barite density 4200 kg/m3
Total barite weight to be added
=barite requirement * total volume 42620 kg
Volume increase due to barite total barite/barite spec.grav. 10.15 m3
ICP-Initial circulating pressure ICP=SIDPP+SPP+SP 6300 kPa
FCP-Final circulating pressure FCP=SPP*(KMD/OMD) 2986 kPa
E=ICP-FCP 3314 kPa
E/Drill string volume in strokes 1.68 kPa/str
Static and circulating pressure behaviour:
Strokes Pressure
0 6300 static and circulation pressure behaviour /metric unit/
100 6132
12000
200 5963
11000
300 5795
400 5627 10000
500 5458 9000
600 5290 8000
700 5122 7000
pressure /kPa/

800 4953
6000
900 4785
1000 4617 5000
1100 4448 4000
1200 4280 3000
1300 4111 2000
1400 3943
1000
1500 3775
1600 3606 0
600

800
0
100
200
300
400
500

700

900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
1968

1700 3438
1800 3270
1900 3101 strokes
1968 2986

Expected circulation status of driller's method


Strokes Circ.period Pdp Pcsg MAASP
0 Start 6300 5000 7340
2328 Infl.at shoe 6300 5000 7340
4736 Infl.at surface 6300 8498 12338
5264 Infl. in air 6300 3500 7340
7232 KM at bit 2986 3500 7340
9561 KM at shoe 2986 1548 7340
12496 KM at surface 2986 0 5492

4. oldal
NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data
Calculations
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
P.omd-hidrostatic pressure of the original mud
P.omd=(OMD * TVD * 9,81)/1000 52621 kPa
P.form-formation pressure P.form=SIDPP+P.omd 56121 kPa
H.f-lenght of influx at bottom H.f=Gain/V.ab 118 m
r-ratio between bottom hole and surface volumes r=V.ab/V.as 0.61
K-ratio between depth and specific gravity 0.72
d1-specific gravity 1.49 kg/l
M.A.C.P.- Max.annulus casing pressure M.A.C.P= Yield pres.* 0,80 37840 kPa
P.Amax-max. annulus pressure
P.Amax=SIDPP/2+root2(SIDPP2/4+9,81 * (K * G * d1 * Pform)/Vas 8498 kPa
H.s-lenght of influx at surface H.s=(P.form/P.Amax) * K * r * H.f 342 m
V.gas-volume of influx at surface V.gas=H.s * V.as/1000 8.56 m3
Strokes of V.gas Strokes of V.gas=V.gas/pump input 528 str's
D.influx-density of influx D.influx=OMD-((SICP-SIDPP) * 1000/(9,81 * H.f)) 199 kg/m3
Possible Kick Type Gas
Dp-pressure changing issued from mud density changing
Dp=((KMD-OMD) * 9,81 * csg.shoe depth)/1000 1848 kPa
MAASPKMD MAASPKMD=MAASPOMD-delta p 5492 kPa
MAASP+-You can increase the MAASP if the gas reached the surface
MAASP+=(OMD * 9,81 * H.s)/1000 4998 kPa
MAASPgs-MAASP if the gas reached the surface(MAASPmax.)
MAASPgs=MAASPOMD+MAASP+=(MAASPmax.) 12338 kPa
DSICP- SICP changing based on a certain time. 1500 kPa
Rgm-gas migration Rgm=DSICP/W1 103 m
New Pshoe New Pshoe= ((OMW * TVDshoe * 9,81)/1000)+SICP+DSICP 34272 kPa
V1=Volume of mud to be bled off due to New Pshoe
V1=((Phidr+SIDPP) * Gain)/(Phidr+SIDPP-DSICP) 1.85 m3
Max.pit gain-pit gain when influx reached the surface
Max.pit gain=0,158984*4*root2(P.form(psi)*G(bbl)*V.as(bbl/ft)/OMW(ppg)) 12 m3

Analysis of driller's method /metric/


15000
12338

14000
13000
12000
11000
10000
7340

7340

7340

7340

9000
7340

8498
8000
Pressures /kPa/

5492

7000 Pdp
6000 6300 6300 6300 6300
Pcsg
5000 5000 5000 MAASP
4000
3500 3500
3000 2986 2986 2986
2000
1548
1000
0 0
0 2328.3950617284 4735.6966745929 5264.012345679 7232.3209876543 9560.7160493827 12496.3333333333

strokes

5. oldal
0 0
0 2328.3950617284 4735.6966745929 5264.012345679 7232.3209876543 9560.7160493827 12496.3333333333

strokes

NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data

6. oldal
KICK SHEET / driller's method in field units /
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
WELL: DATE:
Well data Mud pump data

DP 2
Hole size 8 1/2 in Pump Pump1.output Pump2.output
Original mud density cap. 0.1019 bbl/str 0.098 bbl/str
OMD 12.43 ppg Present pump output in use 0.1019 bbl/str

DP 1
Casing shoe data 9 SCR Slow Pump Pressures/SPP/
Size 9 5/8 in 9 str/min pump1. pump2.

HWDP
Yield pres. 6860 psi 388.5611 15 130 psi 110 psi
M.depth 6234 ft 388.5611 20 190 psi 170 psi
TV.depth 6234 ft 25 270 psi 240 psi
DC 2

Hole depth 30 406 psi 350 psi


M.depth 11811 ft 35 490 psi 420 psi
DC 1

TV.depth 11811 ft 40 560 psi 500 psi


TVD of bit 11811 ft Present Slow Pump Pressure and SCR
P.of LOT Bit 30 406 psi
at surface 1740 psi MW.LOT-Mud weight during test 10.35 ppg
MAASPOMD-Maximum allowable annulus W.o-gradient of mud in test
surface pressure with original mud W.o=MW.LOT * 0,052 0.54 psi/ft
MAASPOMD=FBD-(OMD*0,052*TVDcsgshoe) FBD-Formation breakdown pressure
MAASPOMD 1064 psi FBD=P.ofLOT+(TVDcsg.shoe * W.o) 5095 psi
MW.max-maximum mud weight fbd-formation breakdown gradient
MW.max=FBD/(0,052 * TVDcsgshoe) fbd=FBD/TVDcsg.shoe 0.82 psi/ft
MW.max 15.72 ppg W.1-gradient of original mud
W.1=OMD * 0,052 0.65 psi/ft
Pre-recorded data Pump strokes Time
Length ft Cap.bbl/ft Vol.bbl Volume/pump cap. Pump strs/SPM
Surface line 164 0.017 2.79 27 str. 1 min.
DP.1 10958.01 0.017445 191.16 1876 str. 63 min.
DP.2 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC1 853.02 0.007687 6.56 64 str. 2 min.
DC2 0.00 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
Drill string volume (surface to bit) 200.51 1968 str. 66 min.
OH - without string 0 0.070187 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC1-Op.hole 853.02 0.029138 24.86 244 str. 8 min.
DC2-Op.hole 0.00 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP-OP.hole 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DP.1-Op.hole 4724.41 0.044954 212.38 2084 str. 69 min.
Open hole volume (bit to shoe) 237.24 2328 str. 78 min.
DC1-Csg 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DC2-Csg 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
HWDP-Csg 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
DP.1-Csg 6233.60 0.047983 299.11 2935 str. 98 min.
DP.2-Csg 0 0 0.00 0 str. 0 min.
Total ann.volume (bit to surface) 536.34 5263 str. 175 min.
Total mud volume in the hole 736.85 7231 str. 241 min.
Active surface volume 943.49 9259 str. 309 min.

7. oldal
Total volume
total volume in hole+active surface volume 1680.34 16490 str. 550 min.
NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data
Kick data
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
SIDPP-Shut in drill pipe pressure 508 psi
SICP-Shut in casing pressure 725 psi
Gain-Pit gain 11.32 bbl

Kick calculations

KMD-Kill mud density


KMD=OMD+(SIDPP+SP)/(TVD bit * 0,052) 13.26 ppg
SP-safety pressure /usually 145 psi/ 0 psi
Barite required ((dw x (KMW-OMW))/(dw-KMW) 55.88 lb/bbl
dw-Barite density 35.05 ppg
Total barite weight to be added
=barite requirement * total volume 93903 lbs
Volume increase due to barite total barite/barite dens * 42 63.8 bbls
ICP-Initial circulating pressure ICP=SIDPP+SPP+SP 914 psi
FCP-Final circulating pressure FCP=SPP*(KMD/OMD) 433 psi
E=ICP-FCP 481 psi
E/Drill string volume in strokes 0.24 psi/str
Static and circulating pressure behaviour
strokes pressure
0 914 static and circulating pressure behaviour /field units/
100 890
2000
200 865
300 841 1800
400 816
1600
500 792
600 767 1400
700 743 1200
pressure /psi/

800 718
1000
900 694
1000 670 800
1100 645
600
1200 621
1300 596 400
1400 572 200
1500 547
1600 523 0
900
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800

1000
1100
1200
1300
1400

1600
1700
1800
1900
1968
1500

1700 498
1800 474
1900 450 strokes
1968 433

Expected circulation status of driller's method


Strokes Circ.period Pdp Pcsg MAASP
0 Start 914 725 1064
2328 Infl.at shoe 914 725 1064
4735 Infl.at surface 914 1233 1790
5263 Infl. in air 914 508 1064
7231 KM at bit 433 508 1064
9559 KM at shoe 433 225 1064
12495 KM at surface 433 0 796

8. oldal
NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data
Calculations
Fill in ONLY the blue & yellow cells with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!
P.omd-hidrostatic pressure of the original mud
P.omd=OMD * TVD * 0,052 7637 psi
P.form-formation pressure P.form=SIDPP+P.omd 8145 psi
H.f-lenght of influx at bottom H.f=G/V.ab 389 ft
r-ratio between bottom hole and surface volumes r=V.ab/V.as 0.61
K-ratio between depth and specific gravity 0.72
d1-original mud specific gravity 1.49 kg/l
M.A.C.P.-max.annulus casing pressure M.A.C.P.=Yield pres.* 0,80 5488 psi
P.Amax.-max. annulus pressure
P.Amax=(SIDPP(kPa)/2+root2(SIDPP(kPa)2/4+9,81*(K*G(m3)*d1*Pform(kPa))/Vas(m3))*0,145038 1233 psi
H.s-lenght of influx at surface H.s=P.form/P.Amax * (K * r * H.f) 1122 ft
V.gas-volume of influx at surface V.gas=H.s * V.as 53.84 bbl
Strokes of V.gas Strokes of V.gas=V.gas/pump input 528 str's
D.influx-density of influx D.influx=OMD-(SICP-SIDPP)/(H.f * 0,052) 1.69 ppg
Possible Kick Type Gas
Dp-pressure changing issued from mud density changing
Dp=(KMD-OMD) * 0,052 * csg.shoe depth 268 psi
MAASP KMD MAASP KMD=MAASP1-delta p. 796 psi
MAAS+-you can increase the MAASP if the gas reached the surface
MAASP+=(OMD-D.influx) * H.s * 0,052 726 psi
MAASPgs-if the gas reached the surface(MAASPmax.)
MAASPgs=MAASPOMD+MAASP+= (MAASPmax.) 1790 psi
DSICP- SICP changing based on a certain time. 218 psi
Rgm-gas migration Rgm=DSICP/W1 336 ft
New Pshoe New Pshoe=(OMW * TVDshoe * 0,052)+SICP+DSICP 4973 psi
V1=Volume of mud to be bled off due to New Pshoe
V1=((Phidr+SIDPP) * Gain)/(Phidr+SIDPP-DSICP) 12 bbl
Max.pit gain-pit gain when influx reached the surface
Max.pit gain=4 * root2((P.form * G * W1)/OMW) 75 bbl

Analysis of driller's method /field unit/

2200

2000
1790

1800

1600

1400
Pressures /psi/

1064

1064
1064

1064

1064

1200 1233

1000
796

914 914 914 914


800
725 725
600
508 508
400 433 433 433

200 225

0 0
Start Infl.at shoe Infl.at surface Infl. in air KM at bit KM at shoe KM at surface Pdp
0 2328.129315792 4735.0266759004 5263.4250652326 7231.1153193131 9559.244635105 12494.5403845456 Pcsg
MAA
strokes SP

9. oldal
600
508 508
400 433 433 433

200 225

0 0
Start Infl.at shoe Infl.at surface Infl. in air KM at bit KM at shoe KM at surface Pdp
0 2328.129315792 4735.0266759004 5263.4250652326 7231.1153193131 9559.244635105 12494.5403845456 Pcsg
MAA
strokes SP

NOTE: basic data readable data calculated data

10. oldal
Pdp
Pcsg
MAA
SP

11. oldal
Pdp
Pcsg
MAA
SP

12. oldal
Depth Balancing specific gravity Depth Balancing specific gravity
1.2 1.5 1.8 2.1 1,2 kg/l 1,5 kg/l 1,8 kg/l 2,1 kg/l
meter meter
Coefficient "K" Coefficient "K"
0 1.86 1.85 1.84 1.83 5300 0.6 0.55 0.5 0.46
"K"
100 1.81 1.8 1.79 1.77 5400 0.595 0.54 0.495 0.45
200 1.76 1.73 1.72 1.71 5500 0.59 0.535 0.49 0.445
1.9
300 1.7 1.67 1.61 1.6 5600 0.58 0.53 0.48 0.44
400 1.65 1.61 1.55 1.54 5700 0.57 0.52 0.475 0.43
1.8500 1.6 1.55 1.5 1.49 5800 0.565 0.515 0.47 0.425
600 1.57 1.52 1.45 1.43 5900 0.56 0.51 0.46 0.42
700 1.52 1.47 1.41 1.39 6000 0.555 0.5 0.455 0.41
1.7800 1.48 1.43 1.35 1.33 6100 0.55 0.495 0.45 0.4
900 1.44 1.38 1.31 1.27 6200 0.54 0.49 0.445 0.395
1000 1.41 1.35 1.28 1.24 6300 0.535 0.485 0.44 0.39
1.6
1100 1.38 1.31 1.24 1.2 6400 0.53 0.48 0.435 0.385
1200 1.35 1.27 1.2 1.16 6500 0.525 0.47 0.425 0.38
1300 1.32 1.24 1.16 1.12 6600 0.52 0.465 0.42 0.375
1.5
1400 1.29 1.21 1.13 1.08 6700 0.51 0.46 0.415 0.37
1500 1.25 1.17 1.1 1.05 6800 0.505 0.455 0.41 0.365
1600
1.4 1.22 1.14 1.07 1.01 6900 0.5 0.45 0.4 0.36
1700 1.2 1.12 1.04 0.98 7000 0.495 0.445 0.395 0.355
1800 1.17 1.09 1.01 0.95 7100
1.3
1900 1.14 1.05 0.98 0.92 7200
2000 1.12 1.03 0.96 0.9 7300
2100 1.09 1.01 0.93 0.87 7400
1.2
2200 1.06 0.98 0.91 0.85 7500
2300 1.04 0.95 0.88 0.82 7600
2400 1.01 0.93 0.86 0.8 7700
1.1
2500 0.99 0.9 0.84 0.78 7800
2600 0.97 0.88 0.82 0.76 7900
2700
1 0.95 0.86 0.8 0.74 8000
2800 0.93 0.84 0.78 0.72
2900 0.91 0.82 0.76 0.7
0.9
3000 0.89 0.81 0.75 0.69 0.81 0.79
3100 0.87 0.79 0.73 0.67
3200 0.85 0.77 0.72 0.66
0.8
3300 0.83 0.75 0.7 0.65 Balancing mud spec.gravity
3400 0.82 0.74 0.69 0.63
3500 0.8 0.73 0.67 0.62
0.7
3600 0.79 0.71 0.66 0.61
3700 0.77 0.7 0.65 0.6
3800
0.6 0.76 0.69 0.64 0.59
3900 0.74 0.68 0.63 0.58
4000 0.73 0.67 0.62 0.57
0.5
4100 0.72 0.65 0.61 0.56
4200 0.7 0.64 0.6 0.55
4300 0.69 0.63 0.59 0.54
0.4
4400 0.68 0.62 0.58 0.53
4500 0.67 0.61 0.57 0.52
4600 0.66 0.6 0.56 0.51
0.3
4700 0.65 0.59 0.55 0.5
0
300
600

1200
1500
1800
2100
2400
2700
3000
3300
3600
3900
4200
4500
4800
5100
5400
5700
6000
6300
6600
6900
7200
7500
7800
900

m 1.2
4800 0.64 0.585 0.54 0.49
4900 0.63 0.58 0.53 0.485 1.5
5000 0.625 0.575 0.525 0.48 1.8
2.1
0.3

5200 0
5100

300
600
900
0.61
0.62

1200
1500
1800
2100
0.565
0.56

2400
2700
3000
0.51
0.52

3300
3600
3900
4200
0.465
0.47

4500
4800
5100
5400
5700
6000
6300
6600
6900
7200
7500
7800
m

2.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
LEAK OFF TEST
Preparations

1. Drill out the casing shoe. / be sure, there is no flapper valve in the string !/
2. Drill ahead 5-50 ft; (1.5-15 m.) / it depends on company regulation /.
3. Circulate for conditioning mud in the hole. /no cuttings in the mud !/
4. Get ready a cementing pump with a sensitive pressure gauge.
5. Calculate the pressure loss due to gel strength of mud.
6. Pull the string above the casing shoe.
Data Metric unit Field unit
L = length of string 2743.2 m 9000 ft
t o = yield value of mud 10 lb/100ft 2
10 lb/100ft2
d = DP ID 3 3/16 in 3 3/16 in
dc = casing ID 8 1/2 in 8 1/2 in
do = DP OD 5 in 5 in
TVDcsg.shoe = true vertical depth of casing shoe 2743.2 m 9000 ft
TMW = mud weight during LOT 1240 kg/m3 10.35 ppg
Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Calculations of pressure losses

Pgs-pressure loss due to gel strength of mud

Formula to be used, when LOT is performed through DP

Pgs=L x (t o/(300 x d)) / field unit / 94 psi


Pgs=L x (t o/(13,2623 x d)) / metric unit / 649 kPa

Formola to be used, when LOT is performed on annulus

Pgs=L x (t o/(300 x (dc-do)) / field unit / 86 psi


Pgs=L x (t o/(13,2623 x (dc-do)) / metric unit / 591 kPa

Procedure

1. Fill up cementing line & bell nipple with mud by cementing pump and stop pump.
2. Close BOP / bag type or pipe rams /
3. Start cementing pump slowly and as soon as pressure starts to show on the gauge,
pump 1/2 bbl / 0,08 m3 / more and stop pump.
4. Wait some 3 minutes and plot pressure versus volume.
5. Pump 1/2 bbl / 0,08 m3 / more, stop pump, wait 3 minutes and plot the next point on
the graph.
6. Continue this way until the pressure increase becomes less than the previous increase
i.e. the line on the graph starts bending to the right. This point is the leak off point and
gives the value for the MAASP.
7. Pump less volume ( say 1/4 bbl / 0,04 m 3 /), wait and plot this point on the graph. Leak
off has now started and the pressure reached is the formation break down pressure.
8. Bleed-off pressure, check returns and very carefully repeat pressure building up to get
a check on the result.
9. At the end, correct the leak off pressure with Pgs and the result gives the real leak off

17. oldal
pressure.
10. IMPORTANT: Do not break the formation but stop when leak off starts!!!
Chart / field unit /

Pres. psi Vol. bbl Time min


0 0 0 Leak Off Test
510 0.5 1
1020 1 2
4000
1530 1.5 3
2040 2 4 3750
2580 2.5 5
2620 3 6 3500
2520 3.5 7 3250
2480 4 8
2440 9 3000

2620
2350 10

2580
2750

2520
2480
2300 11

2440
2350
2300
2240 12 2500

2240

2200
2200
2200
2200
2200

2200
2200 13
Pressure /psi/

2040
2250
2200 14
2200 15 2000
2200 16
1530

1750
2200 17
2200 18 1500
Fill in this chart with data
1250
1020

1000

750
510

500

250

0
11
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

12
13

15
16
17
18
14

Time /min/

Leak off point pressure (read on graph and write here) 2580 psi

Calculation of real Leak Off Pressure /PLOT/

PLOT= Leak off point pressure (read on graph) - pressure loss due to gel strenght

PLOT when LOT is performed through DP 2486 psi


PLOT when LOT is performed on annulus 2494 psi

Real leak off pressure determines the Maximum Allowable Annulus Surface Pressure.

18. oldal
PLOT=MAASP. MAASP has to be recalculated for the appropriate mud weight.
New Mud Weight /NewMW/ ( write here ) 10.35 ppg
MAASPnew mud- MAASP with new mud weight
MAASPnew mud=MAASP-((NewMW-TMW) x 0,052 x TVDcsg.shoe) 2486 psi
Chart / metric unit /

Pres.kPa Vol. m3 Time min


0 0 0 Leak Off Test
3516 0.16 1
7032 0.32 2
24000
10548 0.48 3
23000
14064 0.64 4
22000
17788 0.8 5
21000
18133 0.88 6
17926 0.96 7 20000

18133
17926
17788
16547 0.96 8 19000

16547
15996 9 18000

15996
15720
15582
15513
15478

15444
15444

15444
15444

15444
15720 10 17000
15582 11 16000 14064
15513 12 15000
15478 13 14000
Pressure /kPa/

15444 14 13000
10548

15444 15 12000
15444 16 11000
15444 17 10000
15444 18 9000
7032

Fill in this chart with data 8000


7000
6000
5000
3516

4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Time /min/

Leak off point pressure (read on graph and write here) 17788 kPa

Calculation of real Leak Off Pressure /PLOT/

PLOT= Leak off point pressure (read on graph) - pressure loss due to gel strenght

PLOT when LOT is performed through DP 17139 kPa


PLOT when LOT is performed on annulus 17197 kPa

19. oldal
Real leak off pressure determines the Maximum Allowable Annulus Surface Pressure.
PLOT=MAASP. MAASP has to be recalculated for the appropriate mud weight.
New Mud Weight /NewMW/ ( write here ) 1240 kg/m3
MAASPnew mud- MAASP with new mud weight
MAASPnew mud=MAASP-(((NewMW-TMW) x 9,81 x TVDcsg.shoe)/1000) 17139 kPa

20. oldal
Volumetric Stripping
Written by Vilmos Barka barkav@hotmail.com

Procedure:
1. Closing in the well. Determine the influx volume.Record pressure at two
minute intervals. After closed-in pressures have stabilized complete strip
sheet. Further record pressures at five minute intervals or after running in
each stand.
2. Determine the volume of mud in the OH/DC annulus equivalent to one psi
of hydrostatic head.
Equivalent volume per psi = Ann. Volume per ft / Mud gradient ( bbl/psi )
3. Determine a convenient working pressure increment PW.
4. Convert a selected working pressure PW /psi/ into an equivalent working
volume a DV in the OH/DC annulus. ( Recommended 40-50 psi )
5. Determine the extra back pressure.
6. Adjust the closing pressure on the annular preventer to a minimum, avoid
leakage.
7. Allow annulus pressure to build up to Pchoke whilst stripping the first stand.
Pchoke = P an. + PS +PW
P an > initial closed-in annulus pressure before second built up
PS > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx
PW > working pressure increment
8. Maintain Pchoke constant whilst stripping pipe.
Closed-end displacement of drillpipe is purged into the trip and stripping
tank.
9. Avoid excessive surge pressure.
10.Maintain Pchoke constant at the above value until a volume of DV barrels
has accumulated into the trip tank.
11.When the additional mud volume DV barrels has accumulated in the trip
tank at constant choke pressure, Pchoke is allowed increase again by the
value PW now becomes Pchoke (where Pchoke 1 = Pchoke + PW )
12.Fill each stand and remove any sharp edges or tong marks from the pipe
body.
13.By repeating this cycle is maintained nearly constant BHP
14. Any data should be record
15.On bottom the well can be kill using the " driller's method ". Be sure the
string is full of mud. Pump slow rate from the bit to the Gray-valve. Stop
pump, check trapped pressure and then continue circulation.
16.To avoid differential sticking consider moving the string trough the
preventer.
Stripping worksheet ( field unit )
Written by Vilmos Barka barkav@hotmail.com

Measured depth 0 ft DC C/E cap.: lb/ft


Csg. Measured depth 0 ft Open hole capacity: 0.0681 bbl/ft
Total length of DP 9433 ft OH/DC ann volume: 0.0302 bbl/ft
Number of DP stand 100 mud weight: 15 ppg
DP closed-end cap.: 0.0252 bbl/ft Influx volume: 9.5 bbl
DP capacity: 0 bbl/ft Pressure annulus: 180 psi
DP metal cap.: 0 bbl/ft Pressure drillpipe: 0 psi
Nominal weight of DP ( Wdp ) 19.50 lb/ft Working pres.incr.(Pw) 40 psi
Tool joint OD ( ODtj ) 6.25 in influx gradient (pi) : 0.1 psi/ft
Cylindrical Tank Rectangle Tank
Dia (ft ) H ( ft ) W ( ft ) L ( ft ) H ( ft )
Dimensions of trip tank: 3.2 8 4 4 8
Dimensions of strip tank: 3.2 8 4 4 4
Fill in ONLY the section above and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Pre Kick Information (to be record on standard kill sheet ) !

Calculation of Wellbore force ( WBF )

WBF= WBF = (ODtj)^2 x 0,7854 x Pann + Ffr 6522 lbs


Friction factor ( Ffr ) 1000 lbs
Hence: Minimum necessery weight of string to perform the procedure 6522 lbs

Calculation of minimum necessery length of string

Length of string ( Ldp )= Ldp= WBF / ( Wdp x BF ) 434 ft


Buoyancy factor= Buoyancy factor = ( 65,5 - MW ) / 65,5 0.77
Hence: Minimum necessery length of string to perform the procedure 434 ft

Trip Tank:
Total volume 11.45 bbl 22.80 bbl
Volume per inch 0.12 bbl/in 0.24 bbl/in
Volume per cm 0.05 bbl/cm 0.09 bbl/cm

Stripping Tank:
Total volume 11.45 bbl 11.40 bbl
Volume per inch 0.12 bbl/in 0.24 bbl/in
Volume per cm 0.05 bbl/cm 0.09 bbl/cm
Closed-end Displacement of DP Stand:
Average stand length 94 ft
DP C/E displacement 2.38 bbl/stand

F factor calculation:
F= F= ( 1 / OH cap.) X ( p1 - pi ) X ((Ohcap / [OH/DC ann.cap] ) - 1 ) 12.5 psi/bbl
mud gradient (p1): 0.78 psi/ft

Equivalent Working Volume for Volumetric Steps D V:


Calculation of the volume in the OH/DC ann. equivalent to the selected loss of hydrostatic
pressure. For one psi loss of hydrostatic pressure we calculate the volume.
DV = OH/DC ann.vol. per ft. / mud gradient 0.04 bbl/psi
Equivalent volume of the selected Pw increment 1.55 bbl
The volume per inch in the trip tank 0.12 bbl/inch 0.24 bbl/in
The selected Pw /psi/ increment is equivalent 13 inch 6 1/2 in

Calculations for Pchoke :

Pchoke = Pchoke = Pan + Ps + Pw 339 psi


Ps = Ps = Inf.vol. / OH cap. X (p1-pi) X (( OH cap /[OH/ DCann. Cap]) - 119 psi
Ps = Ps = F x influx volume ( bbls ) 119 psi
Pan > initial close-in pressure before 2nd build-up. Reading from Ann. press. gauge.
Ps > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx.
Pw > selected, set for yourself. ( recommended 40-50 psi )
D V > triptank level increase per Pw step
F > derived factor

Procedure:
1, Allow Pan to become Pchoke Pchoke= Pann + Ps + Pw 339 psi
2, After running each stand bleed-off into the stripping tank 2.38 bbl
19 8/9 in 10 in
3, When the level in the trip tank increases 6 1/2 in, increase Pchoke 40 psi
13 in, increase Pchoke 40 psi
4, Repeat this cycle until bit is on bottom.
Strip Sheet

Pchoke= Pchoke = Pann +Ps +Pw 339 psi


P annulus 180 psi
F-factor 12.5 psi/bbl
Volume Influx 9.5 bbls
Ps = Ps = F x Vi 119 psi
Pw selected 40 psi
DV= division in triptank in (cm)

Time Stand no. Pchoke T.T.level Remarks Triptank level with req. Pchoke
T.T. -level Pch
Stripping worksheet ( metric unit )
Written by Vilmos Barka barkav@hotmail.com

Measured depth 0 m DC C/E cap.: m3/m


Csg. Measured depth 0 m Open hole capacity: 0.03552 m3/m
Total length of DP 2875.2 m OH/DC ann volume: 0.01575 m3/m
Number of DP stand 100 mud weight: 1797 kg/m3
DP closed-end cap.: 0.01314 m3/m Influx volume: 1.51 m3
DP capacity: 0 m3/m Pressure annulus: 1241 Kpa
DP metal cap.: 0 m /m3
Pressure drillpipe: 0 Kpa
Nominal weight of DP ( Wdp ) 29.02 kg/m Working pres.incr.(Pw) 276 Kpa
Tool joint OD ( ODtj ) 158.75 mm influx gradient (pi) : 2.26 Kpa/m
Cylindrical Tank Rectangle Tank
Dia (m ) H(m) W (m) L(m) H(m)
Dimensions of trip tank: 0.975 2.44 1.22 1.22 2.44
Dimensions of strip tank: 0.975 2.44 1.22 1.22 1.22
Fill in ONLY the section above and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Pre Kick Information (to be record on standard kill sheet ) !

Calculation of Wellbore force ( WBF )

WBF= WBF = ((ODtj)^2 x p/4 x Pann x 1,02)+ Ffr 2959 kg


Friction factor ( Ffr ) 454 kg
Hence: Minimum necessery weight of string to perform the procedure 2959 kg

Calculation of minimum necessery length of string

Length of string ( Ldp )= Ldp= WBF / ( Wdp x BF ) 132 m


Buoyancy factor= Buoyancy factor=1-(mud dens./steel dens.) 0.77
Hence: Minimum necessery length of string to perform the procedure 132 m

Trip Tank:
Total volume 1.82 m3 3.62 m3
Volume per cm 7.46 l/cm 14.86 l/cm

Stripping Tank:
Total volume 1.82 m3 1.81 m3
Volume per cm 7.46 l/cm 14.86 l/cm
Closed-end Displacement of DP Stand:
Average stand length 28.75 m
DP C/E displacement 0.378 m3/stand

F factor calculation:
F= F= ( 1 / OH cap.) X ( p1 - pi ) X ((Ohcap / [OH/DC ann.cap] ) - 1 ) 543 Kpa/m3
mud gradient (p1): 17.63 Kpa/m

Equivalent Working Volume for Volumetric Steps D V:


Calculation of the volume in the OH/DC ann. equivalent to the selected loss of hydrostatic
pressure. For one psi loss of hydrostatic pressure we calculate the volume.
DV = OH/DC ann.vol. per m / mud gradient 0.00089 m3/Kpa
Equivalent volume of the selected Pw increment 0.246 m3
The volume per cm in the trip tank 7.46 l/cm 14.86 l/cm
The selected Pw /Kpa/ increment is equivalent 33 cm 16.6 cm

Calculations for Pchoke :

Pchoke = Pchoke = Pan + Ps + Pw 2337 Kpa


Ps = Ps = Inf.vol. / OH cap. X (p1-pi) X (( OH cap /[OH/ DCann. Cap]) - 820 Kpa
Ps = Ps = F x influx volume ( m )3
820 Kpa
Pan > initial close-in pressure before 2nd build-up. Reading from Ann. press. gauge.
Ps > allowance for the loss of hydrostatic head as DC enter the influx.
Pw > selected, set for yourself. ( recommended 300 Kpa )
D V > triptank level increase per Pw step
F > derived factor

Procedure:
1, Allow Pan to become Pchoke Pchoke= Pann + Ps + Pw 2337 Kpa
2, After running each stand bleed-off into the stripping tank 0.38 m3
50.6 cm 25.4 cm
3, When the level in the trip tank increases 16.6 cm, increase Pchoke 276 Kpa
33 cm, increase Pchoke 276 Kpa
4, Repeat this cycle until bit is on bottom.
Strip Sheet

Pchoke= Pchoke = Pann +Ps +Pw 2337 Kpa


P annulus 1241 Kpa
F-factor 543 Kpa/m3
Volume Influx 1.51 m3
Ps = Ps = F x Vi 820 Kpa
Pw selected 276 Kpa
DV= division in triptank cm

Time Stand no. Pchoke T.T.level Remarks Triptank level with req. Pchoke
T.T. -level Pch
General data
Open hole capacity
size in " cap.in l/m cap.in bbl/m cap.in bbl/ft
26 342.5 2.1543 0.657
16 129.72 0.816 0.249
12 1/4 76.04 0.4783 0.146
8 1/2 36.61 0.2303 0.07
6 18.24 0.1147 0.035

Capacity of csg.
size in " weight in lb/ft cap.in l/m cap.in bbl/m cap.in bbl/ft
9 5/8 53.5 36.92 0.232 0.070776
9 5/8 47 38.19 0.24 0.07321
7 32 18.82 0.1184 0.0361

Capacity of DP
size in " weight in lb/ft grade metal displ. capacity total displ. dimension
3 1/2 15.5 S-135 3.19 3.41 6.6 l/m
0.0201 0.02145 0.0415 bbl/m
0.0061 0.00654 0.01265 bbl/ft
5 19.5 S-135 4.28 8.97 13.24 l/m
0.02692 0.05642 0.08334 bbl/m
0.0082 0.00172 0.02538 bbl/ft

Capacity of HWDP
size in" weight in lb/ft metal displ. capacity total displ. dimension
3 1/2 25.33 4 4/5 2.19 7 l/m
0.030254 0.013775 0.044029 bbl/m
0.009221 0.004198 0.013419 bbl/ft
5 49.32 9 3/8 4.61 13.97 l/m
0.0589 0.029 0.0879 bbl/m
0.01794 0.00884 0.0268 bbl/ft

Capacity of DC
size in" weight in lb/ft ID in" metal displ. capacity total displ. dimension
4 3/4 46.77 2 1/4 8.87 2.56 11.43 l/m
0.0558 0.0161 0.0719 bbl/m
0.017004 0.004908 0.021911 bbl/ft
4 3/4 39.15 2 13/16 7.422 4.008 11.43 l/m
0.0467 0.0252 0.0719 bbl/m
0.0142 0.0077 0.021911 bbl/ft
6 1/4 90.85 2 1/4 17.23 2.56 19.79 l/m
0.1084 0.0161 0.1245 bbl/m
0.033 0.005 0.038 bbl/ft
6 1/2 91.79 2 4/5 17.4 4.01 21.41 l/m
0.1094 0.0252 0.135 bbl/m
0.0334 0.0077 0.041 bbl/ft
8 149.92 2 4/5 28.42 4.01 32.43 l/m
0.1788 0.0252 0.204 bbl/m
0.0545 0.0077 0.0622 bbl/ft

31. oldal
Make up torque
For bits
size in" Threads in daNm in lbft
5 1/8-
7 3/8 3 1/2 REG 950-1200 7000-9000
7 1/2-
9 3/8 4 1/2 REG 1600-2200 12000-16000
9 1/2-
14 1/2 6 5/8 REG 3800-4300 28000-32000
14 5/8-
18 1/2 7 5/8 REG 4600-5400 34000-40000
18 5/8< 8 5/8 REG 5400-8100 40000-60000

For DP
class I. tool joint
size in" weight in lb/ft grade thread in daNm in lbft
3 1/2 15.5 S-135 3 1/2 IF 1764 13010
5 19.5 S-135 4 1/2 IF 3488 25700
premium tool joint
3 1/2 15.5 S-135 3 1/2 IF 1557 11480
5 19.5 S-135 4 1/2 IF 3030 22350

For HWDP
size in" ID in" weight in lb/ft thread in daNm in lbft
3 1/2 2 1/16 25.33 3 1/2 IF 1342 9900
5 3 49.32 4 1/2 IF 3985 29400

For DC
size in" ID in" thread in daNm in lbft
4 3/4 1 3/4-2 1/2 3 1/2 IF 1342 9900
6 1/4 5 1/4 4 IF 3796 28000
6 1/4 10 1/2 4 IF 3457 25500
6 1/2 13 5/16 4 1/2 IF 4000 29500
6 1/2 2 1/4-3 4 1/2 IF 4000 29500
8 2 1/2 6 5/8 REG 7730 57000
8 2 13/16 6 5/8 REG 7190 53000
8 3 6 5/8 REG 6780 50000
9 3 7 5/8 REG 11250 83000
9 3 1/4 7 5/8 REG 11250 83000
9 3 1/2 7 5/8 REG 10710 79000
9 3 3/4 7 5/8 REG 10030 74000

Triplex pump cilinder & stroke output / pump stroke 12"=304,8mm /


ID in mm ID in " efficiency in l in bbl in gal
140 5 1/2 100% 14.016 0.0882 3.703
140 5 1/2 95% 13.32 0.0864 3.518
150 5 29/32 100% 16.159 0.102 4.269
150 5 29/32 95% 15.351 0.097 4.055
160 6 5/16 100% 18.385 0.1156 4.8569
160 6 5/16 95% 17.466 0.10986 4.6141

32. oldal
170 6 11/16 100% 20.7551 0.1305 5.483
170 6 11/16 95% 19.717 0.124 5.21

33. oldal
Conversion table from ppg to kg/l & vica versa
ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l
8.01 0.960 8.54 1.023 9.07 1.087 9.6 1.150 10.13 1.214
8.02 0.961 8.55 1.025 9.08 1.088 9.61 1.152 10.14 1.215
8.03 0.962 8.56 1.026 9.09 1.089 9.62 1.153 10.15 1.216
8.04 0.963 8.57 1.027 9.1 1.090 9.63 1.154 10.16 1.217
8.05 0.965 8.58 1.028 9.11 1.092 9.64 1.155 10.17 1.219
8.06 0.966 8.59 1.029 9.12 1.093 9.65 1.156 10.18 1.220
8.07 0.967 8.6 1.031 9.13 1.094 9.66 1.158 10.19 1.221
8.08 0.968 8.61 1.032 9.14 1.095 9.67 1.159 10.2 1.222
8.09 0.969 8.62 1.033 9.15 1.096 9.68 1.160 10.21 1.223
8.1 0.971 8.63 1.034 9.16 1.098 9.69 1.161 10.22 1.225
8.11 0.972 8.64 1.035 9.17 1.099 9.7 1.162 10.23 1.226
8.12 0.973 8.65 1.037 9.18 1.100 9.71 1.164 10.24 1.227
8.13 0.974 8.66 1.038 9.19 1.101 9.72 1.165 10.25 1.228
8.14 0.975 8.67 1.039 9.2 1.102 9.73 1.166 10.26 1.229
8.15 0.977 8.68 1.040 9.21 1.104 9.74 1.167 10.27 1.231
8.16 0.978 8.69 1.041 9.22 1.105 9.75 1.168 10.28 1.232
8.17 0.979 8.7 1.043 9.23 1.106 9.76 1.170 10.29 1.233
8.18 0.980 8.71 1.044 9.24 1.107 9.77 1.171 10.3 1.234
8.19 0.981 8.72 1.045 9.25 1.108 9.78 1.172 10.31 1.235
8.2 0.983 8.73 1.046 9.26 1.110 9.79 1.173 10.32 1.237
8.21 0.984 8.74 1.047 9.27 1.111 9.8 1.174 10.33 1.238
8.22 0.985 8.75 1.049 9.28 1.112 9.81 1.176 10.34 1.239
8.23 0.986 8.76 1.050 9.29 1.113 9.82 1.177 10.35 1.240
8.24 0.987 8.77 1.051 9.3 1.114 9.83 1.178 10.36 1.241
8.25 0.989 8.78 1.052 9.31 1.116 9.84 1.179 10.37 1.243
8.26 0.990 8.79 1.053 9.32 1.117 9.85 1.180 10.38 1.244
8.27 0.991 8.8 1.054 9.33 1.118 9.86 1.182 10.39 1.245
8.28 0.992 8.81 1.056 9.34 1.119 9.87 1.183 10.4 1.246
8.29 0.993 8.82 1.057 9.35 1.120 9.88 1.184 10.41 1.247
8.3 0.995 8.83 1.058 9.36 1.122 9.89 1.185 10.42 1.249
8.31 0.996 8.84 1.059 9.37 1.123 9.9 1.186 10.43 1.250
8.32 0.997 8.85 1.060 9.38 1.124 9.91 1.188 10.44 1.251
8.33 0.998 8.86 1.062 9.39 1.125 9.92 1.189 10.45 1.252
8.34 0.999 8.87 1.063 9.4 1.126 9.93 1.190 10.46 1.253
8.35 1.001 8.88 1.064 9.41 1.128 9.94 1.191 10.47 1.255
8.36 1.002 8.89 1.065 9.42 1.129 9.95 1.192 10.48 1.256
8.37 1.003 8.9 1.066 9.43 1.130 9.96 1.193 10.49 1.257
8.38 1.004 8.91 1.068 9.44 1.131 9.97 1.195 10.5 1.258
8.39 1.005 8.92 1.069 9.45 1.132 9.98 1.196 10.51 1.259
8.4 1.007 8.93 1.070 9.46 1.134 9.99 1.197 10.52 1.261
8.41 1.008 8.94 1.071 9.47 1.135 10 1.198 10.53 1.262
8.42 1.009 8.95 1.072 9.48 1.136 10.01 1.199 10.54 1.263
8.43 1.010 8.96 1.074 9.49 1.137 10.02 1.201 10.55 1.264
8.44 1.011 8.97 1.075 9.5 1.138 10.03 1.202 10.56 1.265
8.45 1.013 8.98 1.076 9.51 1.140 10.04 1.203 10.57 1.267
8.46 1.014 8.99 1.077 9.52 1.141 10.05 1.204 10.58 1.268
8.47 1.015 9 1.078 9.53 1.142 10.06 1.205 10.59 1.269
8.48 1.016 9.01 1.080 9.54 1.143 10.07 1.207 10.6 1.270
8.49 1.017 9.02 1.081 9.55 1.144 10.08 1.208 10.61 1.271
8.5 1.019 9.03 1.082 9.56 1.146 10.09 1.209 10.62 1.273
8.51 1.020 9.04 1.083 9.57 1.147 10.1 1.210 10.63 1.274
8.52 1.021 9.05 1.084 9.58 1.148 10.11 1.211 10.64 1.275

34. oldal
8.53 1.022 9.06 1.086 9.59 1.149 10.12 1.213 10.65 1.276
ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l
10.66 1.277 11.21 1.343 11.76 1.409 12.31 1.475 12.86 1.541
10.67 1.279 11.22 1.344 11.77 1.410 12.32 1.476 12.87 1.542
10.68 1.280 11.23 1.346 11.78 1.412 12.33 1.477 12.88 1.543
10.69 1.281 11.24 1.347 11.79 1.413 12.34 1.479 12.89 1.545
10.7 1.282 11.25 1.348 11.8 1.414 12.35 1.480 12.9 1.546
10.71 1.283 11.26 1.349 11.81 1.415 12.36 1.481 12.91 1.547
10.72 1.285 11.27 1.350 11.82 1.416 12.37 1.482 12.92 1.548
10.73 1.286 11.28 1.352 11.83 1.418 12.38 1.483 12.93 1.549
10.74 1.287 11.29 1.353 11.84 1.419 12.39 1.485 12.94 1.551
10.75 1.288 11.3 1.354 11.85 1.420 12.4 1.486 12.95 1.552
10.76 1.289 11.31 1.355 11.86 1.421 12.41 1.487 12.96 1.553
10.77 1.291 11.32 1.356 11.87 1.422 12.42 1.488 12.97 1.554
10.78 1.292 11.33 1.358 11.88 1.424 12.43 1.489 12.98 1.555
10.79 1.293 11.34 1.359 11.89 1.425 12.44 1.491 12.99 1.557
10.8 1.294 11.35 1.360 11.9 1.426 12.45 1.492 13 1.558
10.81 1.295 11.36 1.361 11.91 1.427 12.46 1.493 13.01 1.559
10.82 1.297 11.37 1.362 11.92 1.428 12.47 1.494 13.02 1.560
10.83 1.298 11.38 1.364 11.93 1.430 12.48 1.495 13.03 1.561
10.84 1.299 11.39 1.365 11.94 1.431 12.49 1.497 13.04 1.563
10.85 1.300 11.4 1.366 11.95 1.432 12.5 1.498 13.05 1.564
10.86 1.301 11.41 1.367 11.96 1.433 12.51 1.499 13.06 1.565
10.87 1.303 11.42 1.368 11.97 1.434 12.52 1.500 13.07 1.566
10.88 1.304 11.43 1.370 11.98 1.436 12.53 1.501 13.08 1.567
10.89 1.305 11.44 1.371 11.99 1.437 12.54 1.503 13.09 1.569
10.9 1.306 11.45 1.372 12 1.438 12.55 1.504 13.1 1.570
10.91 1.307 11.46 1.373 12.01 1.439 12.56 1.505 13.11 1.571
10.92 1.309 11.47 1.374 12.02 1.440 12.57 1.506 13.12 1.572
10.93 1.310 11.48 1.376 12.03 1.442 12.58 1.507 13.13 1.573
10.94 1.311 11.49 1.377 12.04 1.443 12.59 1.509 13.14 1.575
10.95 1.312 11.5 1.378 12.05 1.444 12.6 1.510 13.15 1.576
10.96 1.313 11.51 1.379 12.06 1.445 12.61 1.511 13.16 1.577
10.97 1.315 11.52 1.380 12.07 1.446 12.62 1.512 13.17 1.578
10.98 1.316 11.53 1.382 12.08 1.448 12.63 1.513 13.18 1.579
10.99 1.317 11.54 1.383 12.09 1.449 12.64 1.515 13.19 1.581
11 1.318 11.55 1.384 12.1 1.450 12.65 1.516 13.2 1.582
11.01 1.319 11.56 1.385 12.11 1.451 12.66 1.517 13.21 1.583
11.02 1.321 11.57 1.386 12.12 1.452 12.67 1.518 13.22 1.584
11.03 1.322 11.58 1.388 12.13 1.454 12.68 1.519 13.23 1.585
11.04 1.323 11.59 1.389 12.14 1.455 12.69 1.521 13.24 1.587
11.05 1.324 11.6 1.390 12.15 1.456 12.7 1.522 13.25 1.588
11.06 1.325 11.61 1.391 12.16 1.457 12.71 1.523 13.26 1.589
11.07 1.327 11.62 1.392 12.17 1.458 12.72 1.524 13.27 1.590
11.08 1.328 11.63 1.394 12.18 1.460 12.73 1.525 13.28 1.591
11.09 1.329 11.64 1.395 12.19 1.461 12.74 1.527 13.29 1.593
11.1 1.330 11.65 1.396 12.2 1.462 12.75 1.528 13.3 1.594
11.11 1.331 11.66 1.397 12.21 1.463 12.76 1.529 13.31 1.595
11.12 1.332 11.67 1.398 12.22 1.464 12.77 1.530 13.32 1.596
11.13 1.334 11.68 1.400 12.23 1.466 12.78 1.531 13.33 1.597
11.14 1.335 11.69 1.401 12.24 1.467 12.79 1.533 13.34 1.599
11.15 1.336 11.7 1.402 12.25 1.468 12.8 1.534 13.35 1.600
11.16 1.337 11.71 1.403 12.26 1.469 12.81 1.535 13.36 1.601
11.17 1.338 11.72 1.404 12.27 1.470 12.82 1.536 13.37 1.602

35. oldal
11.18 1.340 11.73 1.406 12.28 1.472 12.83 1.537 13.38 1.603
11.19 1.341 11.74 1.407 12.29 1.473 12.84 1.539 13.39 1.605
11.2 1.342 11.75 1.408 12.3 1.474 12.85 1.540 13.4 1.606
ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l
13.41 1.607 13.96 1.673 14.51 1.739 15.06 1.805 15.61 1.871
13.42 1.608 13.97 1.674 14.52 1.740 15.07 1.806 15.62 1.872
13.43 1.609 13.98 1.675 14.53 1.741 15.08 1.807 15.63 1.873
13.44 1.611 13.99 1.676 14.54 1.742 15.09 1.808 15.64 1.874
13.45 1.612 14 1.678 14.55 1.744 15.1 1.809 15.65 1.875
13.46 1.613 14.01 1.679 14.56 1.745 15.11 1.811 15.66 1.877
13.47 1.614 14.02 1.680 14.57 1.746 15.12 1.812 15.67 1.878
13.48 1.615 14.03 1.681 14.58 1.747 15.13 1.813 15.68 1.879
13.49 1.616 14.04 1.682 14.59 1.748 15.14 1.814 15.69 1.880
13.5 1.618 14.05 1.684 14.6 1.750 15.15 1.815 15.7 1.881
13.51 1.619 14.06 1.685 14.61 1.751 15.16 1.817 15.71 1.883
13.52 1.620 14.07 1.686 14.62 1.752 15.17 1.818 15.72 1.884
13.53 1.621 14.08 1.687 14.63 1.753 15.18 1.819 15.73 1.885
13.54 1.622 14.09 1.688 14.64 1.754 15.19 1.820 15.74 1.886
13.55 1.624 14.1 1.690 14.65 1.755 15.2 1.821 15.75 1.887
13.56 1.625 14.11 1.691 14.66 1.757 15.21 1.823 15.76 1.889
13.57 1.626 14.12 1.692 14.67 1.758 15.22 1.824 15.77 1.890
13.58 1.627 14.13 1.693 14.68 1.759 15.23 1.825 15.78 1.891
13.59 1.628 14.14 1.694 14.69 1.760 15.24 1.826 15.79 1.892
13.6 1.630 14.15 1.696 14.7 1.761 15.25 1.827 15.8 1.893
13.61 1.631 14.16 1.697 14.71 1.763 15.26 1.829 15.81 1.894
13.62 1.632 14.17 1.698 14.72 1.764 15.27 1.830 15.82 1.896
13.63 1.633 14.18 1.699 14.73 1.765 15.28 1.831 15.83 1.897
13.64 1.634 14.19 1.700 14.74 1.766 15.29 1.832 15.84 1.898
13.65 1.636 14.2 1.702 14.75 1.767 15.3 1.833 15.85 1.899
13.66 1.637 14.21 1.703 14.76 1.769 15.31 1.835 15.86 1.900
13.67 1.638 14.22 1.704 14.77 1.770 15.32 1.836 15.87 1.902
13.68 1.639 14.23 1.705 14.78 1.771 15.33 1.837 15.88 1.903
13.69 1.640 14.24 1.706 14.79 1.772 15.34 1.838 15.89 1.904
13.7 1.642 14.25 1.708 14.8 1.773 15.35 1.839 15.9 1.905
13.71 1.643 14.26 1.709 14.81 1.775 15.36 1.841 15.91 1.906
13.72 1.644 14.27 1.710 14.82 1.776 15.37 1.842 15.92 1.908
13.73 1.645 14.28 1.711 14.83 1.777 15.38 1.843 15.93 1.909
13.74 1.646 14.29 1.712 14.84 1.778 15.39 1.844 15.94 1.910
13.75 1.648 14.3 1.714 14.85 1.779 15.4 1.845 15.95 1.911
13.76 1.649 14.31 1.715 14.86 1.781 15.41 1.847 15.96 1.912
13.77 1.650 14.32 1.716 14.87 1.782 15.42 1.848 15.97 1.914
13.78 1.651 14.33 1.717 14.88 1.783 15.43 1.849 15.98 1.915
13.79 1.652 14.34 1.718 14.89 1.784 15.44 1.850 15.99 1.916
13.8 1.654 14.35 1.720 14.9 1.785 15.45 1.851 16 1.917
13.81 1.655 14.36 1.721 14.91 1.787 15.46 1.853 16.01 1.918
13.82 1.656 14.37 1.722 14.92 1.788 15.47 1.854 16.02 1.920
13.83 1.657 14.38 1.723 14.93 1.789 15.48 1.855 16.03 1.921
13.84 1.658 14.39 1.724 14.94 1.790 15.49 1.856 16.04 1.922
13.85 1.660 14.4 1.726 14.95 1.791 15.5 1.857 16.05 1.923
13.86 1.661 14.41 1.727 14.96 1.793 15.51 1.859 16.06 1.924
13.87 1.662 14.42 1.728 14.97 1.794 15.52 1.860 16.07 1.926
13.88 1.663 14.43 1.729 14.98 1.795 15.53 1.861 16.08 1.927
13.89 1.664 14.44 1.730 14.99 1.796 15.54 1.862 16.09 1.928
13.9 1.666 14.45 1.732 15 1.797 15.55 1.863 16.1 1.929

36. oldal
13.91 1.667 14.46 1.733 15.01 1.799 15.56 1.865 16.11 1.930
13.92 1.668 14.47 1.734 15.02 1.800 15.57 1.866 16.12 1.932
13.93 1.669 14.48 1.735 15.03 1.801 15.58 1.867 16.13 1.933
13.94 1.670 14.49 1.736 15.04 1.802 15.59 1.868 16.14 1.934
13.95 1.672 14.5 1.738 15.05 1.803 15.6 1.869 16.15 1.935
ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l
16.16 1.936 16.71 2.002 17.26 2.068 17.81 2.134 18.36 2.200
16.17 1.938 16.72 2.004 17.27 2.069 17.82 2.135 18.37 2.201
16.18 1.939 16.73 2.005 17.28 2.071 17.83 2.137 18.38 2.202
16.19 1.940 16.74 2.006 17.29 2.072 17.84 2.138 18.39 2.204
16.2 1.941 16.75 2.007 17.3 2.073 17.85 2.139 18.4 2.205
16.21 1.942 16.76 2.008 17.31 2.074 17.86 2.140 18.41 2.206
16.22 1.944 16.77 2.010 17.32 2.075 17.87 2.141 18.42 2.207
16.23 1.945 16.78 2.011 17.33 2.077 17.88 2.143 18.43 2.208
16.24 1.946 16.79 2.012 17.34 2.078 17.89 2.144 18.44 2.210
16.25 1.947 16.8 2.013 17.35 2.079 17.9 2.145 18.45 2.211
16.26 1.948 16.81 2.014 17.36 2.080 17.91 2.146 18.46 2.212
16.27 1.950 16.82 2.016 17.37 2.081 17.92 2.147 18.47 2.213
16.28 1.951 16.83 2.017 17.38 2.083 17.93 2.149 18.48 2.214
16.29 1.952 16.84 2.018 17.39 2.084 17.94 2.150 18.49 2.216
16.3 1.953 16.85 2.019 17.4 2.085 17.95 2.151 18.5 2.217
16.31 1.954 16.86 2.020 17.41 2.086 17.96 2.152 18.51 2.218
16.32 1.956 16.87 2.022 17.42 2.087 17.97 2.153 18.52 2.219
16.33 1.957 16.88 2.023 17.43 2.089 17.98 2.155 18.53 2.220
16.34 1.958 16.89 2.024 17.44 2.090 17.99 2.156 18.54 2.222
16.35 1.959 16.9 2.025 17.45 2.091 18 2.157 18.55 2.223
16.36 1.960 16.91 2.026 17.46 2.092 18.01 2.158 18.56 2.224
16.37 1.962 16.92 2.028 17.47 2.093 18.02 2.159 18.57 2.225
16.38 1.963 16.93 2.029 17.48 2.095 18.03 2.161 18.58 2.226
16.39 1.964 16.94 2.030 17.49 2.096 18.04 2.162 18.59 2.228
16.4 1.965 16.95 2.031 17.5 2.097 18.05 2.163 18.6 2.229
16.41 1.966 16.96 2.032 17.51 2.098 18.06 2.164 18.61 2.230
16.42 1.968 16.97 2.033 17.52 2.099 18.07 2.165 18.62 2.231
16.43 1.969 16.98 2.035 17.53 2.101 18.08 2.167 18.63 2.232
16.44 1.970 16.99 2.036 17.54 2.102 18.09 2.168 18.64 2.234
16.45 1.971 17 2.037 17.55 2.103 18.1 2.169 18.65 2.235
16.46 1.972 17.01 2.038 17.56 2.104 18.11 2.170 18.66 2.236
16.47 1.974 17.02 2.039 17.57 2.105 18.12 2.171 18.67 2.237
16.48 1.975 17.03 2.041 17.58 2.107 18.13 2.172 18.68 2.238
16.49 1.976 17.04 2.042 17.59 2.108 18.14 2.174 18.69 2.240
16.5 1.977 17.05 2.043 17.6 2.109 18.15 2.175 18.7 2.241
16.51 1.978 17.06 2.044 17.61 2.110 18.16 2.176 18.71 2.242
16.52 1.980 17.07 2.045 17.62 2.111 18.17 2.177 18.72 2.243
16.53 1.981 17.08 2.047 17.63 2.113 18.18 2.178 18.73 2.244
16.54 1.982 17.09 2.048 17.64 2.114 18.19 2.180 18.74 2.246
16.55 1.983 17.1 2.049 17.65 2.115 18.2 2.181 18.75 2.247
16.56 1.984 17.11 2.050 17.66 2.116 18.21 2.182 18.76 2.248
16.57 1.986 17.12 2.051 17.67 2.117 18.22 2.183 18.77 2.249
16.58 1.987 17.13 2.053 17.68 2.119 18.23 2.184 18.78 2.250
16.59 1.988 17.14 2.054 17.69 2.120 18.24 2.186 18.79 2.252
16.6 1.989 17.15 2.055 17.7 2.121 18.25 2.187 18.8 2.253
16.61 1.990 17.16 2.056 17.71 2.122 18.26 2.188 18.81 2.254
16.62 1.992 17.17 2.057 17.72 2.123 18.27 2.189 18.82 2.255
16.63 1.993 17.18 2.059 17.73 2.125 18.28 2.190 18.83 2.256

37. oldal
16.64 1.994 17.19 2.060 17.74 2.126 18.29 2.192 18.84 2.258
16.65 1.995 17.2 2.061 17.75 2.127 18.3 2.193 18.85 2.259
16.66 1.996 17.21 2.062 17.76 2.128 18.31 2.194 18.86 2.260
16.67 1.998 17.22 2.063 17.77 2.129 18.32 2.195 18.87 2.261
16.68 1.999 17.23 2.065 17.78 2.131 18.33 2.196 18.88 2.262
16.69 2.000 17.24 2.066 17.79 2.132 18.34 2.198 18.89 2.264
16.7 2.001 17.25 2.067 17.8 2.133 18.35 2.199 18.9 2.265
ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l ppg kg/l
18.91 2.266 19.46 2.332 20.01 2.398 20.56 2.464 21.11 2.530
18.92 2.267 19.47 2.333 20.02 2.399 20.57 2.465 21.12 2.531
18.93 2.268 19.48 2.334 20.03 2.400 20.58 2.466 21.13 2.532
18.94 2.270 19.49 2.335 20.04 2.401 20.59 2.467 21.14 2.533
18.95 2.271 19.5 2.337 20.05 2.403 20.6 2.468 21.15 2.534
18.96 2.272 19.51 2.338 20.06 2.404 20.61 2.470 21.16 2.536
18.97 2.273 19.52 2.339 20.07 2.405 20.62 2.471 21.17 2.537
18.98 2.274 19.53 2.340 20.08 2.406 20.63 2.472 21.18 2.538
18.99 2.276 19.54 2.341 20.09 2.407 20.64 2.473 21.19 2.539
19 2.277 19.55 2.343 20.1 2.409 20.65 2.474 21.2 2.540
19.01 2.278 19.56 2.344 20.11 2.410 20.66 2.476 21.21 2.542
19.02 2.279 19.57 2.345 20.12 2.411 20.67 2.477 21.22 2.543
19.03 2.280 19.58 2.346 20.13 2.412 20.68 2.478 21.23 2.544
19.04 2.282 19.59 2.347 20.14 2.413 20.69 2.479 21.24 2.545
19.05 2.283 19.6 2.349 20.15 2.415 20.7 2.480 21.25 2.546
19.06 2.284 19.61 2.350 20.16 2.416 20.71 2.482 21.26 2.548
19.07 2.285 19.62 2.351 20.17 2.417 20.72 2.483 21.27 2.549
19.08 2.286 19.63 2.352 20.18 2.418 20.73 2.484 21.28 2.550
19.09 2.288 19.64 2.353 20.19 2.419 20.74 2.485 21.29 2.551
19.1 2.289 19.65 2.355 20.2 2.421 20.75 2.486 21.3 2.552
19.11 2.290 19.66 2.356 20.21 2.422 20.76 2.488 21.31 2.554
19.12 2.291 19.67 2.357 20.22 2.423 20.77 2.489 21.32 2.555
19.13 2.292 19.68 2.358 20.23 2.424 20.78 2.490 21.33 2.556
19.14 2.294 19.69 2.359 20.24 2.425 20.79 2.491 21.34 2.557
19.15 2.295 19.7 2.361 20.25 2.427 20.8 2.492 21.35 2.558
19.16 2.296 19.71 2.362 20.26 2.428 20.81 2.494 21.36 2.560
19.17 2.297 19.72 2.363 20.27 2.429 20.82 2.495 21.37 2.561
19.18 2.298 19.73 2.364 20.28 2.430 20.83 2.496 21.38 2.562
19.19 2.300 19.74 2.365 20.29 2.431 20.84 2.497 21.39 2.563
19.2 2.301 19.75 2.367 20.3 2.433 20.85 2.498 21.4 2.564
19.21 2.302 19.76 2.368 20.31 2.434 20.86 2.500 21.41 2.566
19.22 2.303 19.77 2.369 20.32 2.435 20.87 2.501 21.42 2.567
19.23 2.304 19.78 2.370 20.33 2.436 20.88 2.502 21.43 2.568
19.24 2.306 19.79 2.371 20.34 2.437 20.89 2.503 21.44 2.569
19.25 2.307 19.8 2.373 20.35 2.439 20.9 2.504 21.45 2.570
19.26 2.308 19.81 2.374 20.36 2.440 20.91 2.506 21.46 2.572
19.27 2.309 19.82 2.375 20.37 2.441 20.92 2.507 21.47 2.573
19.28 2.310 19.83 2.376 20.38 2.442 20.93 2.508 21.48 2.574
19.29 2.312 19.84 2.377 20.39 2.443 20.94 2.509 21.49 2.575
19.3 2.313 19.85 2.379 20.4 2.445 20.95 2.510 21.5 2.576
19.31 2.314 19.86 2.380 20.41 2.446 20.96 2.512 21.51 2.578
19.32 2.315 19.87 2.381 20.42 2.447 20.97 2.513 21.52 2.579
19.33 2.316 19.88 2.382 20.43 2.448 20.98 2.514 21.53 2.580
19.34 2.317 19.89 2.383 20.44 2.449 20.99 2.515 21.54 2.581
19.35 2.319 19.9 2.385 20.45 2.451 21 2.516 21.55 2.582
19.36 2.320 19.91 2.386 20.46 2.452 21.01 2.518 21.56 2.584

38. oldal
19.37 2.321 19.92 2.387 20.47 2.453 21.02 2.519 21.57 2.585
19.38 2.322 19.93 2.388 20.48 2.454 21.03 2.520 21.58 2.586
19.39 2.323 19.94 2.389 20.49 2.455 21.04 2.521 21.59 2.587
19.4 2.325 19.95 2.391 20.5 2.456 21.05 2.522 21.6 2.588
19.41 2.326 19.96 2.392 20.51 2.458 21.06 2.524 21.61 2.590
19.42 2.327 19.97 2.393 20.52 2.459 21.07 2.525 21.62 2.591
19.43 2.328 19.98 2.394 20.53 2.460 21.08 2.526 21.63 2.592
19.44 2.329 19.99 2.395 20.54 2.461 21.09 2.527 21.64 2.593
19.45 2.331 20 2.397 20.55 2.462 21.1 2.528 21.65 2.594

39. oldal
Trip calculations
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu

Data Metric Unit Field Unit


Pmd-Pipe metal displacement 0.00428 l/m 0.008205 bbl/ft
Pcap-Pipe capacity 0.00897 l/m 0.017195 bbl/ft
Pt-Pipe total displacement 0.01325 l/m 0.0254 bbl/ft
Lstd- Average length of stand 28.7 m 94.16 ft
Pac-Csg-pipe annular capacity 0.02367 l/m 0.045375 bbl/ft
OMW-Original mud weight 1490 kg/m3 12.43 ppg
SMW-Slug mud weight 1680 kg/m3 14.02 ppg
Vs-Volume of slug 8 m3 50.32 bbl
Lsc-a certain level of mud in the pipe 113.73 m 373.17 ft
Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

1. Fluid level drop (FLD) :


a; In dry POOH
FLD= (Pipe displ. x length of stand)/(csg-pipe annular cap.+pipe cap.)
3.76 m/std 12.35 ft/std
b; In wet POOH
FLD= (Pipe total displ. x length of stand)/(csg-pipe ann. cap.+pipe total cap)
10.30 m/std 33.79 ft/std
2. Hydrostatic pressure loss (Ploss) :
a; In dry POOH
Ploss= OMW x g x FLD 55 kPa/std 7.98 psi/std

b; In wet POOH
Ploss= OMW x g x FLD 151 kPa/std 21.85 psi/std

3. Slug :

a; Level of mud in the pipe after slug (Ls) :

Ls= ((SMW-OMW) x (Vs/Pcap))/OMW 113.73 m 373.17 ft

b; Slug mud weight based on a certain level of mud in the pipe (SMW1) :

SMW1= OMW+((Lsc x OMW)/(Vs/Pcap)) 1680.00 kg/m3 14.02 ppg


Miscellaneous calculations
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu
Data Metric Unit Field Unit
TVD-True vertical depth 3600 m 11811 ft
OMW-Original mud weight 1400 kg/m3 11.68 ppg
d-specific gravity 1.4 kg/l 1.4 kg/l
Do-Annulus outside diameter 9 5/8 in 9 5/8 in
Di-Annulus inside diameter/outside string/ 5 in 5 in
Lp-length of string 3600 m 11811 ft
m-Dynamic viscosity 60 cp 60 cp
m p-plastic viscosity 30 cp 30 cp
t o-Yield value 8 lb/100ft2 8 lb/100ft2
SPM-stroke per minute 60 str/min 60 str/min
L-length of stroke 12 in 12 in
D-liner diameter 6 11/16 in 6 11/16 in
dp-piston rod diameter 2 in 2 in
Qr-True measured flow rate 1242.93 l/min 328.36 gpm
vas-Annular capacity 25.03 l/m 0.04798 bbl/ft
Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

1. Theoretical flow rate (Qt) :


a; Duplex pump:
Qt=(metric.) 0,0515 x SPM x L x (D^2-dp^2/2) (metric) 1584.16 l/min
Qt=(field.) 0,000162 x SPM x L x ((2 x D^2)-dp^2) (field) 418.59 gpm

b; Single-acting Triplex pump:


Qt=(metric.) Qt= 0,0386 x SPM x L x D^2 (metric) 1242.93 l/min
Qt=(field.) Qt=0,000243 x SPM x D^2 x L (field) 328.64 gpm

2. Volumetric efficiency (h v) :
h v=(duplex pump) h v=Qr/Qt (duplex pump) 78% 78%
h v=(triplex pump) h v=Qr/Qt (triplex pump) 100% 100%

3. Critical fluid velocity in the annulus (V c) :


Vc=(metric.) (3,04/((Do-Di)xd))x(mp+(root2 mp^2+40,05xto x (Do-Di)^2 x d)) (metric) 62.18 m/min
Vc=(field.) (9,974/((Do-Di)xd))x(m p+(root2 m p^2+40,05xt o x (Do-Di)^2 x d)) (field) 204.02 ft/min
V-Fluid velocity 49.66 m/min 162.94 ft/min
Type of flow : laminar laminar
If V<Vc, the flow is laminar; if V>Vc, the flow is turbulent !

4. Annular Pressure Loss (APL) :


Laminar flow: APL=(Q
APL=((Qr*Lp*m p)/(408,63*(Do+Di)*(Do-Di)^3))+((t o*Lp)/(13,26*(Do-Di))) 697 kPa
Turbulent flow: APL=(Lp*d^0,8*Qr^1,8*m p^0,2)/(706,96*(Do+Di)^1,8*(Do-Di)^3) 395 kPa
APL=(field.) ((Lp*t o)/225*(Do-Di))+(((Lp*m p*(V/60))/1500*(Do-Di)^2) 120.79 psi

5. Equivalent circulating density (ECD) :


ECD=(metric.) OMW+((APL x 1000)/(9,81xTVD)) (metric) 1411 kg/m3
ECD=(field.) OMW+(APL/(0,052*TVD)) (field.) 11.88 ppg

6. Trip margin (TM) :


TM=(metr.) t o x 10,2418/(Do-Di)(metr.) 17.72 kg/m3
TM=(field.) t o/(11,7x(Do-Di)) (field.) 0.15 ppg
WORK DONE BY A DRILLING LINE /metric units/
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu
L1=the deepest depth of the operation in meter 3600 m
L2=the beginning of the operation in meter 3580 m
Fill in ONLY this section with data

l =length of a stand in meter 28.6 m


LDC 1=length of DC 1 in meter 260 m
LDC 2=length of DC 2 in meter 100 m
LHWDP=length of HWDP in meter 0 m
Real weight of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. in kg 1300 kg
DC 1 real weight in kg/m 242 kg/m
DC 2 real weight in kg/m 214.8 kg/m
HWDP real weight in kg/m 73.4 kg/m
DP 1 real weight (or tbg., or csg.) in kg/m 29.02 kg/m
LDP 1=length of DP 1 in meter 1900 m
DP 2 real weight (or tbg., or csg.) in kg/m 23.1 kg/m
LDP 2=length of DP 2 in meter 1320 m
Mud density in kg/l 1.49 kg/l
P=total weight of travelling block-elevator assembly in kg 8000 kg
p=weight of DP with tool joints(accounting for buoyancy) in kg/m 21.53 kg/m
d=additional weight due to BHA(DC,HWDP,bit etc.)(accounting for buoyancy) kg 69433 kg
BUOYANCY FACTOR k=1-(Mud density/Steel density) 0.810
DC 1 apparent weight = DC 1 real weight-Buoyancy DC 1 196.07 kg/m
DC 2 apparent weight = DC 2 real weight-Buoyancy DC 2 174.03 kg/m
HWDP apparent weight = HWDP real weight-Buoyancy HWDP 59.47 kg/m
DP 1 apparent weight = DP 1 real weight-Buoyancy DP 1 23.51 kg/m
DP 2 apparent weight = DP 2 real weight-Buoyancy DP 2 18.69 kg/m
Bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. apparent weight 1053.25 kg
Buoyancy DC 1 = (DC 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 45.93 kg/m
Buoyancy DC 2 = (DC 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 40.77 kg/m
Buoyancy HWDP= HWDP real weight*Mud density/Steel density 13.93 kg/m
Buoyancy DP 1 = (DP 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 5.51 kg/m
Buoyancy DP 2 = (DP 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 4.38 kg/m
HENCE:
Apparent weight = Real weight x ((Steel density - Mud density) / Steel density)

Tm1 Tm2
Type of operation: pooh Tm=(0,981*(p*L*(L+l)+4*L
897 890

1. Round trip tons km

2. POOH 448 tons km

3. RIH tons km

4. Short trip tons km

5. Drilling 1 tons km

6. Drilling 2 tons km

7. Reaming tons km

8. Coring tons km

9. Running casing tons km

NOTE:
Steel density : 7.85 kg/dm3
WORK DONE BY A DRILLING LINE /field units/
D1=the deepest depth of the operation in feet 11811 ft
D2=the beginning of the operation in feet 11745 ft
L =length of a stand in feet 93.83 ft
Fill in ONLY this section with data

LDC 1=length of DC in feet 853 ft


LDC 2=length of DC in feet 328 ft
LHWDP=length of HWDP in feet 0 ft
Real weight of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. in lbs 2866 lbs
Length of bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. in feet 10 ft
DC 1 real weight in lb/ft 162.89 lb/ft
DC 2 real weight in lb/ft 144.34 lb/ft
HWDP real weight in lb/ft 49.32 lb/ft
DP 1 real weight (or tbg., or csg.) in lb/ft 19.5 lb/ft
LDP 1=length of DP 1 in feet 6234 ft
DP 2 real weight (or tbg., or csg.) in lb/ft 15.5 lb/ft
LDP 2=length of DP 2 in feet 4320 ft
Mud density in ppg 12.43 ppg
M=total weight of travelling block-elevator assembly in lbs 17637 lbs
W = Bouyed weight of drill pipe in lb/ft 14.47 lb/ft
C = Bouyed weight of BHA minus bouyed weight of equal length DP in lbs 156935 lbs
BUOYANCY FACTOR k=1-(Mud density/Steel density) 0.810
DC 1 apparent weight = DC 1 real weight-Buoyancy DC 1 131.98 lb/ft
DC 2 apparent weight = DC 2 real weight-Buoyancy DC 2 116.95 lb/ft
HWDP apparent weight = HWDP real weight-Buoyancy HWDP 39.96 lb/ft
DP 1 apparent weight = DP 1 real weight-Buoyancy DP 1 15.80 lb/ft
DP 2 apparent weight = DP 2 real weight-Buoyancy DP 2 12.56 lb/ft
Bit, stabilizer, drilling jar, pony DC, etc. apparent weight 2322.20 lbs
Buoyancy DC 1 = (DC 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 30.91 lb/ft
Buoyancy DC 2 = (DC 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 27.39 lb/ft
Buoyancy HWDP= HWDP real weight*Mud density/Steel density 9.36 lb/ft
Buoyancy DP 1 = (DP 1 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 3.70 lb/ft
Buoyancy DP 2 = (DP 2 real weight*Mud density)/Steel density 2.94 lb/ft
HENCE:
Apparent weight = Real weight x ((Steel density - Mud density) / Steel density)

Tm1 Tm2
Type of operation: pooh TM=((D*(L+D)*W/1056000
623 618

1. Round trip tonmiles

2. POOH 311 tonmiles

3. RIH tonmiles

4. Short trip tonmiles

5. Drilling 1 tonmiles

6. Drilling 2 tonmiles

7. Reaming tonmiles

8. Coring tonmiles

9. Running casing tonmiles

NOTE:
Steel density : 65.51 ppg
PROCEDURE FOR SLIP & CUT DRILLING LINE PROGRAMME

INTRODUCTION

This procedure has issued as a guidline for slip and cut drilling line programme

RIG BASIC DATA

Hook Type of
Mast Drilling Line No. of Drawworks Drum
load bear-
line
Capacity Height tons Type Breaking load Type Cap. rings Type OD "
in tons
1 3/8 6 x 19 Midco 1400
14 mlbs 142 ft 500 14 Plain Grooved 30
IPS, IWRC 75.7 U914 HP

1.09 3.341727
CUT OFF LENGTH IN NUMBER OF DRUM LAPS FOR DRILLING LINE ( as per API RP 9B )

X laps + 1/2 lap for counterbalanced grooved drum = 11 1/2 laps

Conversion of laps to length is

p * OD/12 * No.of drum laps 90.32 ft 27.53 m

Fast line tension = Hook load/(Number of line x Reeving efficiency) ta= F/(N x hm) 64.22 tons

(Friction factor/depending on type of bearrings/ to the number of line th power) - 1


Reeving efficiency (hm)=
Number of line x (Friction factor -1) x (Friction factor to the number of line th power)

Safety factor ( S.F. ) is equal S.F. = Breaking load / Fast line tension 1.18

Ton- Miles per foot cut when operating at safety factor 5 is 20, for full cut - off length

20 * 90,32' = 1806 ton-miles

This is a good drilling practice to slip three times between cut - off.

THE GOOD PROCEDURE IS

Slip drilling line 9 m after every 602 ton - miles / 862 Tkm /

Cut - off drilling line 27 m after every 1806 ton - miles / 2586 Tkm /
Rig No. Drilling line work report Units : Tons, meters, Tkm
FILL ONLY THE WHITE COLUMNS
C O. S
TKM FROM FROM TKM CUT, PRESENT BHA
DATE RIG ACTOIN FROM TO LENGT
ACT. SLIP CUT CUMMUL. SLIP H
LENGTH NUMBER

10/02/00 Drilling 0 50 8 8 8 8 1100 1


11/02/00 Round trip 50 0 8 16 16 16 1100
15 31 31 31 1100
60 91 91 91 1100
55 146 146 146 1100
450 0 596 596 slip 9 1100
310 310 906 906 1100
9 0 0 915 cut 27 1073
18 18 18 933 1073
56 74 74 989 1073
156 230 230 1145 1073
230 460 460 1375 1073
18 478 478 1393 1073
27 0 505 1420 slip 9 1073
400 400 905 1820 1073
200 0 1105 2020 slip 9 1073
8 8 1113 2028 1073
12 20 1125 2040 1073
9 29 1134 2049 1073
65 94 1199 2114 1073
56 150 1255 2170 1073
98 248 1353 2268 1073
79 327 1432 2347 1073
222 0 0 2569 cut 27 1046
200 200 200 2769 1046
26 226 226 2795 1046
64 290 290 2859 1046
79 369 369 2938 1046
120 489 489 3058 1046
300 0 789 3358 slip 9 1046
8 8 797 3366 1046
8 16 805 3374 1046
16 32 821 3390 1046
69 101 890 3459 1046
150 251 1040 3609 1046
8 259 1048 3617 1046
45 304 1093 3662 1046
12 316 1105 3674 1046
200 0 1305 3874 slip 9 1046
16 16 1321 3890 1046
150 166 1471 4040 1046
35 201 1506 4075 1046
80 281 1586 4155 1046
45 326 1631 4200 1046
150 0 0 4350 cut 27 1019
8 8 8 4358 1019
16 24 24 4374 1019
16 40 40 4390 1019
30 70 70 4420 1019
15 85 85 4435 1019
50 135 135 4485 1019
8 143 143 4493 1019
Determination of the length of free pipe in a stuck string
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu
Data Metric Unit Field Unit
DP1 real weight /including tool joint/ 25.05 kg/m 16.83 lb/ft

DP2
DP2 real weight /including tool joint/ 31.83 kg/m 21.39 lb/ft
HWDP real weight 73.4 kg/m 49.32 lb/ft

DC2 HWDP DP1


DC1 real weight 149.8 kg/m 100.66 lb/ft
DC2 real weight 123.9 kg/m 83.26 lb/ft
DP1 length 1000 m 3281 ft
DP2 length 1500 m 4921 ft
HWDP length 300 m 984 ft
DC1 length 150 m 492 ft

DC1
DC2 length 100 m 328 ft
Mud density Bit 1.4 kg/l 11.68 ppg
DP1 tensile yield strength 141.2 103daN 317430 lbs
Distance between the two datum lines / l / 300 mm 11 4/5 inches
Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Procedures

1. Calculate the maximum pull on drill pipe.


2. Calculate the weight of the drill string in mud.
3. Calculate the allowable pull margin.
4. Pull on the drill string until the weight indicator shows a pull T 1 of some tons. This
should be approximately the weight of drill string in mud + 30 % of the pull margin.
Draw a mark at the kelly-bushing level. Pull on approximately 2-6 tons / 4400-13200 lbs/
more than before and return to the previous weight. Draw a second mark at the kelly-
bushing level. This second mark should be distinct from the first caused by friction of
drill pipe in the hole. Draw a datum line midway between these two marks.
5. Proceed as above by applying T2 pull on. This should be approximately the weight of
drill string in mud + 65 % of the pull margin. Draw a mark at the kelly-bushing level.
Pull on again approximately 2-6 tons / 4400-13200 lbs /more than before, and return to
the previous weight. Draw a second mark as before and draw a datum line midway
between these two marks.
6. Measure the distance / l / in mm or inches between the two datum lines.
7. Calculate the length of free pipe.

Calculation of max. pull on drill pipe 130 tons 285687 lbs

Calculation of weight of drill string in mud 107 tons 234880 lbs

Calculation of the allowable pull margin 23 tons 50807 lbs

Calculation of T1 pull 113 tons 250122 lbs

Calculation of T2 pull 122 tons 267905 lbs

Calculation of the length of free pipe 2538 m 8337 ft


Back-off
Written by Gabor Nemeth negabor@matavnet.hu

Data Metric Unit Field Unit


DP1 real weight /including tool joint/ 25.05 kg/m 16.83 lb/ft
DP2 real weight /including tool joint/ 31.83 kg/m 21.39 lb/ft

DP2
HWDP real weight 73.4 kg/m 49.32 lb/ft
DC1 real weight 149.8 kg/m 100.66 lb/ft
DC2 real weight 123.9 kg/m 83.26 lb/ft
Weight of travelling block, hook etc. 8 tons 17637 lbs

DP1
DP1 length 1000 m 3281 ft
DP2 length 1500 m 4921 ft
HWDP length 300 m 984 ft

HWDP
DC1 length 150 m 492 ft
DC2 length 100 m 328 ft
Mud density DC2 1.4 kg/l 11.68 ppg
Depth of stuck point 3384 m 11117 ft
Depth of back-off 2500 m 8202 ft
DC1

Tool joint matting surface area 21.93 cm2 3.4 in2


DP1 torsional strength Bit 141.2 103daN 317430 lbs
Max torsional limit for 1000 m DP 12 1/2 turns/1000 m 12 1/2 turns/3281 ft

Fill in ONLY the section above with data and the program will calculate by itself !!!

Procedures

1. Before any back-off, determine the depth of stuck point. Decide the depth of back-off.
2. Make up the drill string to 80% of the torsional limit of the drill pipe in tension ( weight
of drill string in mud ). Read the torsional limit in the "Drilling Data Handbook" K21-K24
chart, and multiply by the back-off depth/1000 m ( back-off depth/3280,84 ft ). Make-up
the drill string to the right.
3. Set the neutral point at the depth of back-off. The weight indicator should show the cal-
culated tension.
4. Apply leftward twist amounting to 80% of the rightward twist used to make-up the string.

Calculation of weight of drill string in mud 107 tons 234880 lbs

80% of max. torsional limit at back-off depth in tension 25 right turns 25 right turns

Hydrostatic pressure at the depth of back-off 34335 kPa 4982 psi

Weight in mud of free length of drill pipe + block 68 tons 149504 lbs

Weight indicator tension at neutral point 75 tons 166446 lbs

80% of rightward turns for applying leftward twist 20 left turns 20 left turns