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7.

3 Extending skills Stress within words fixed phrases giving sentences a special focus

A Listen to some stressed syllables. Identify the word below in each case word.
Example :
You hear : 1 con /ken/ You write:
Concept ………... functionality ………… requirements ………….
Dependent ………... increment ………… resources ………….
Documentation ………... proprietary ………… specification ………...
Features ………... prototype ………… spiral ………...
B Listen to the final part of the lecture from lesson 2.
1 Complete the notes on the right by adding a
symbol in each space.
2 What research task(s) are you asked to do?
Software production planning_____
C Study the phrases from the lecture in the blue box. complex _____
For which of the following purpose did the lecturer
use each phrase? 1. some factors _____ outside control of
 To introduce a new topic developer ____ clients ___ changes in
 To emphasize a major point requirements
 To add points 2. design ___ development models
 To finish a list scheduling ____ what processes? When
 To give an example start ___ finish?
 To restate
Henry Gantt ___ Gantt charts (early
D Rewrite these sentences to give a special focus.
1900s)
Begin with the words in brackets.
1 Henry Gantt came up with an idea to help with Using waterfall model ___ time lost if
scheduling. (It) earlier stages not ready ___ Gantt
2 Gantt invented his charts in the early 1900s. (It) charts used for scheduling
3 The choice of development methodology is critical.
(What)
4 Planning software production is complex because
et cetera
planning decisions are based on a wide variety of
In other words,…
different factors. (Two sentences. First = It; second =
Let’s take …
The reason)
Let me put it another way.
5 Gantt charts show what processes are happening at
I almost forgot to mention …
any one time. (The advantage)
Not to mention the fact that …
See skills bank
Plus there’s the fact that …
E Choose one section of the lecture. Refer to your notes The fact of the matter is, …
and give a spoken summary. Use the fixed phrases and You’ve probably heard of …
ways of giving special focus that you have looked at.
F Work with partner.
1 Make a Gantt chart for an activity, project or process.
2 Present your chart to another pair. Practice using fixed phrases
and ways of giving special focus.
See vocabulary bank and skills bank