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J. Env. Bio-Sci., 2015: Vol.

29 (2):541-543
(541) ISSN 0973-6913 (Print), ISSN 0976-3384 (On Line)


Jyoti Pawar, Rohitashav Singh*, A.P. Singh, Rekha, Ram Pal, Mahavir Singh and Gajan Pal Singh
Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology,
Pantnagar -263145 U.S.Nagar, Uttarakhand
[Corresponding author E-mail*: rohitash_1961 @]

Received: 22-08-2015 Accepted: 16-11-2015

An experiment was conducted during Rabi seasons 2011-12 and 2012-13 at Pantnagar to see the effect of Traxos against weed
flora in wheat. The field experiment was infested with Phalaris minor, Avena fatua , Chenopodium album, Rumex spinosus,
Coronopus didymus, M. alba and Polygonum plebejium during both the years. The result indicated Ready mix combination of
pinoxaden 2.53% + clodinafop- propargyl 2.53% (Traxos 5EC) was evaluated for the control of grassy weeds in wheat. It was very
effective in controlling Phalaris minor and Avena ludoviciana, but was ineffective for control of broad-leaf weeds. Maximum
weed control efficiency (86.3 & 75.9 %) was observed with application of Traxos at 60 g/ha closely followed by its lower dose
applied at 50 g/ha and clodinafop-propargyl at 60 g/ha. Traxos at 60 g/ha produced maximum higher grain yield (4633 & 4538 kg/
ha) as compared to rest of the herbicidal treatments. Uncontrolled weeds reduced the grain yield of wheat by (49 & 45 %) over
Traxos at 60 g/ha during 2011-12 & 2012-13.

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the important and Avena ludoviciana when applied as post-emergence in wheat
extensively grown crops of the world and second most crop. Thus, the present study was undertaken with the objective
important crop after rice in India. It occupies an area of 29.6 to evaluate the bio-efficacy of Traxos 5 EC (Pinoxaden 2.53%
mha with annual production of 87.5 mt and productivity of + clodinafop- propargyl 2.53%) against grass weeds in wheat.
2956 kg ha-1 1 . Wheat accounts for 34% of the total food grain
production in the country2. Among various inputs timely weed MATERIAL AND METHODS
management is crucial to check yield losses due to weeds. A field experiment for evaluation of bio-efficacy of Traxos 5EC
Weeds cause substantial losses in yield and quality of wheat (Pinoxaden 2.53% + clodinafop- propargyl 2.53%) at 40, 50
crop. In wheat, weeds alone account for 10 to 82 per cent and 60 g/ha along with a standard clodinafop at 60 g/ha,
yield losses depending upon weed species, severity and pinoxaden 50 g/ha, fenoxaprop 120 g/ha as commercial
duration of weed infestation and climatic conditions3. In different standards as well as weed-free and untreated check (Table-1)
wheat growing states, grassy weeds particularly Phalaris minor was conducted during the Rabi season 2011-12 and 2012-13
alone may reduce wheat yield by 22-82% 4. Yield losses due at N.E.B.Crop Research Centre, G.B.P.U.A. & T., Pantnagar.
to Avena ludoviciana have also been found to the extent of 16 The wheat variety "UP 2565" were sown with the seed rate of
to 65% depending upon intensity of its infestation. During 100 kg ha-1 in the rows 20 cm apart. Fertilizer and irrigation
last two decades or so, isoproturon has been used intensively applications were done according to recommended package
for controlling Phalaris minor and some broad leaved weeds, of practice for wheat. Each weed control treatment was
however its spectrum is narrow particularly against wild oat replicated thrice in randomized block design (RBD). The soil
and some non grassy weeds5.Continuous and sub-optimum of the experimental field was clay loam in texture, medium in
use of isoproturon has also led to development of herbicidal organic carbon (0.67%), available phosphorus (29.6 kg/ha)
resistance particularly in Phalaris minor in some parts of and potassium (176.4 kg/ha) with pH 7.2.The herbicidal
Punjab and Haryana6.Recently many new molecules have been treatments were applied in Ist year at 38 and 2nd year at 35
developed by different agro-chemical industries. However, their days after sowing of the wheat crop. Treatments were applied
efficacy needs to be tested. Traxos, a readymade mixture of by using a Knapsack sprayer fitted with flat fan nozzle with
pinoxaden and clodinafop-propargyl has been developed to water volume of 500 litre/ha. Observations on weed density,
provide speedy and effective control of Phalaris minor and dry weight of weeds were taken at 60 days after sowing and
NAAS Rating (2016)-4.20

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yield attributing parameters were recorded at the time of excellent control of Phalaris minor and Avena fatua this
harvesting. A quadrate of 0.25 m 2 was placed randomly and treatment was found at par with Traxos at 50 g/ ha, pinoxaden
weed species within the quadrate were identified and their at 50 g/ha and clodinafop-propargyl at 60 g /ha. However,
number was counted species wise. The collected weeds were application of Fenoxaprop-p-ethyl 10 EC & Traxos @ 40 g/ha
first dried in the sun and then in an electric oven for at 70±2°C provided poor control of P.minor and Avena fatua as compared
till constant dry weight. Dry matter of weeds (species wise) compared to clodinafop 60 g/ha, and pinoxaden 50 g/ha. The
was recorded and expressed in g/m2. The data on weed density effective Phalaris minor control with clodinafop and pinoxaden
and dry weight of total weeds were subjected to log has also been reported earlier8-9. Application of Traxos 5 EC
transformation before statistical analysis as suggested by at all tested doses were found statistically on par with each
some workers7. other and weedy check plots against broad leaf weeds viz.
Chenopodium album, Rumex spinosus, Coronopus didymus,
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION M. alba and Polygonum plebejium. Traxos 5 EC at all tested
Effect on weeds: Wheat field was infested with both grassy doses found to be ineffective against broad leaf weeds.
and broad leaved weeds. However,the flora was dominated Dry weight and Weed Control efficiency (WCE %):
by grassy weeds Phalaris minor and Avena fatua and Significant effect of different treatments on dry weed weight of
Chenopodium album, Rumex spinosus, Coronopus didymus, grassy as well as broad -leaved weeds was observed (Table- 2).
M. alba and Polygonum plebejium, among broad leaf weeds All the weed control treatments were significantly superior to
during 2011-12 and 2012-12, respectively. However, negligible weedy check in curtailing the dry weight during both years.
density of Cannabis sativa, Fumaria parviflora, Vicia spp. Among the treatments significantly less dry weight of grassy
and Parthenium hysterophorus were also found. All treatments weeds was observed in Traxos 5 EC @ 60 g/ha at 60 DAS
were significantly superior to weedy check in reducing the which was at par with its lower dose at 50 g/ha and weed free
count of Phalaris minor and Avena fatua at 60 DAS during treatment. Maximum weed control efficiency (86.3 &75.9%),
both the years (Table-1). Among the herbicidal treatments, was also recorded with Traxos 5 EC @ 60 g/ha at 60 DAS
post-emergence application of Traxos @ 60 g/ha resulted in followed by its lower dose applied at 50 g/ha.

Table-1. Effect of Traxos 5 EC on density of weeds at 60 days after sowing during 2011-13 and 2012-13.

Figures in parenthesis indicate original values which were transformed to log (x+1)

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Table-2. Effect of Traxos 5 EC on weed dry weight and yield of wheat during 2011-13 and 2012-13.
Treatment Dose Weed dry weight ( g m-2) Yield
g Product
a.i. (g or Grassy BLWs Total WCE % WCE %
/ha ml/ha) 2011-12 2011-12 2011-12 2012-13 2011-12 2012-13 2011-12 2012-13 2011-12 2012-13
Traxos 5 EC
40 800 2.4(9.8) 2.5(11.3) 3.4(30.4) 3.7(40.5) 3.7(40.2) 3.9(51.8) 69.4 64.9 4120 4110
propargyl 2.53%
Traxos 5 EC
50 1000 0.4(0.7) 0.9(1.7) 3.0(18.7) 3.5(34.7) 3.0(19.4) 3.5(36.4) 85.2 75.3 4566 4480
propargyl 2.53%
Traxos 5 EC
60 1200 0.3(0.5) 0.0(0.0) 2.9(17.5) 3.5(35.6) 2.9(18.0) 3.5(35.6) 86.3 75.9 4633 4538
propargyl 2.53%
Pinoxaden 5.1
50 1000 0.8(1.4) 1.5(3.6) 3.0(19.4) 3.7(41.2) 3.0(20.9) 3.8(44.8) 84.0 69.7 4500 4350
propayrgyl 10 60 400 0.9(1.5) 1.9(6.2) 2.9(17.4) 3.5(34.7) 3.0(19.0) 3.7(40.8) 85.5 72.3 4525 4400
120 1200 2.3(9.4) 2.4(10.1 ) 3.0(20.7) 3.7(39.9) 3.4(30.1) 3.9(50.0) 77.0 66.1 4250 4225
ethyl 10 EC

Weed free - - 0.0(0.0) 0.0(0.0) 0.0(0.0) 0.0(0.0) 0.0(0.0) 0.0(0.0) 100.00 100.00 5209 5160

Untreated 4.7(104. 4.9(131.2 5.0(147.8

- - 4.7(109.2) 3.3(26.7) 3.6(38.7) 00.0 00.0 2340 2467
control 5) ) )

Sem± 0.14 0.36 0.96 0.21 0.91 0.19 - 221.7 99.2

CD (P = 0.5) 0.4 1.0 0.2 0.64 0.27 0.5 - 672.4 303.7

Figures in parenthesis indicate original values which were transformed to log (x+1)

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