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5G NR key radio concepts

to support URLLC

Osman N. C. Yilmaz
Ericsson
5g NR - timeplan
IMT-2020
ITU Requirements Proposals Specifications

SI: Channel mod. Evaluation

SI: Requirements

3GPP NR SIs Phase 2 NR WIs Phase 2

NR Study Item NR WI Phase 1

LTE evo LTE evo LTE evo


Rel-14 Rel-15 Rel-16

2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020


Full IMT2020
Non-standalone Standalone
URLLC identification

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 2


URLLC specification
5G NR use cases
Massive MTC URLLC

SMART BUILDING LOGISTICS, TRACKING AND FLEET MANAGEMENT TRAFFIC SAFETY & CONTROL

REMOTE
MANUFACTURING,
SMART SMART INDUSTRIAL APPLICATION TRAINING, SURGERY
METER CAPILLARY NETWORKS
AGRICULTURE & CONTROL

Enhanced Broadband
LOW COST, LOW ENERGY ULTRA RELIABLE
SMALL DATA VOLUMES VERY LOW LATENCY
MASSIVE NUMBERS Smartphones Home, Enterprise, Venues, Mobile/Wireless/Fixed VERY HIGH AVAILABILITY

Non-SIM
devices 4k/8k UHD, Broadcasting, VR/AR,
© Ericsson 2017 | Page 3
5G NR - selected design targets

Ultra-lean Forward Multi-


compatibility connectivity
Minimize network transmissions
not directly related to user-data delivery
?
Multi-service
Low latency
Beam Mini-slot

Network Slices centric One slot

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 4


URLLC USE CASES
Coping with challenging requirements

100ms
Process
Automation
Remote
Control
Automated
10ms Guided Vehicle

Latency

Smart Grid ITS

1ms
Factory Automation Tactile Internet

10-9 10-8 10-7 10-6 10-5 10-4 10-3 10-2 10-1 Packet error rate
© Ericsson 2017 | Page 5
URLLC key concepts

› Three main technical areas


– Low latency through short transmissions & timing
– Reliability through diversity
– Availability through multi-connectivity & multi-antenna

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 6


Low latency through
short transmissions & timing
slot slot
› General
– Short TTI (LTE) / mini-slots (NR) x1
– High numerologies for shorter slot lengths (NR)
mini-slot
– Fast processing in NR
Fast HARQ
› ~1-2 OFDM symbols in UE for turn-around RX TX
Fast dynamic scheduling
› ~[7-14] OFDM symbols in gNB for turn-around
turn-around
– Grant-free UL (LTE/NR)
– Puncturing in DL/UL for efficiency (LTE/NR)
FDD Downlink FDD Uplink
› FDD › mini-slots / sTTI › mini-slots / sTTI
› instant uplink access
– Can be specifically for URLLC › fast processing / turn-around

› TDD
– Frequent change of UL-DL allocations needed
› Fast processing / turn-around DL
› Must be same configuration for URLLC and MBB TDD
UL

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 7


Reliability through diversity
› One-shot transmission Short latency req.

– Use low code rate to obtain low error


Processing,
alignment Processing

 low efficiency, and requires robust Low code rate


control

Bandwidth
› Many-shot transmissions Frequency
duplication

– Repeat transmission of standard Repetitions


reliability in time or frequency
 less efficient, but less demanding Retransmissions
Allowing more retransmissions:
(Rare) (Very

› Retransmission (HARQ-based) rare)


- Shorter TTI (mini-slots, numerology)
- Shorter processing & turnaround
– Repeat only when needed Retransmission, fast HARQ
- Relaxed latency requirement

– The more retransmissions possible the


higher code rate can be used Relaxed latency req.
Retransmission over longer period Processing
 higher efficiency

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 8


availability through multi-
connectivity and multi-antenna
› Coordination
– Blanking › Multi-connectivity duplication
– Joint transmission – Carrier aggregation
– Dual connectivity
› Over sectors
› Over sites

› Multi-antenna
– Beamforming
– TX/RX diversity

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 9


How to Achieve
Latency and Reliability targets?
Latency Reliability

› Transmission Time Interval Reduction › Diversity: Frequency & Space


(numerology and mini-slots)
› Smarter Scheduling
› Robust coding
(configured instant uplink)
› Faster Processing
(front-loaded frame design) › Multi-connectivity
› Distributed cloud & slicing
(local processing)
› Device to Device Concepts

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 10


Further reading
1. I. Aktas, J. Ansari, S. Auroux, D. Parruca, M. D. P. Guirao, and B. Holfeld: "A Coordination Architecture for Wireless Industrial Automation", European Wireless Conference,
Dresden, Germany, May 2017.
2. S. A. Ashraf, Y.P. E. Wang, S. Eldessoki, B. Holfeld, M. Serror, J. Gross: "From Radio Design to System Evaluations for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication",
European Wireless Conference, Dresden, Germany, May 2017.
3. I. Aktas and S. A. Ashraf: "Radio Design and Coordination for Wireless Industrial Automation", ITG Fachtagung Mobilkommunikation, Osnabrück, Germany, May 2017.
4. Junaid Ansari, Ismet Aktas, Christian Brecher, Christoph Pallasch, Nicolai Hoffmann, Markus Obdenbusch, Martin Serror, Klaus Wehrle, and James Gross, "Demo: A Realistic
Use-case for Wireless Industrial Automation and Control", In Proc. of Networked Systems (NetSys), Göttingen, Germany, March 2017.
5. S. A. Ashraf, I. Aktas, E. Eriksson, K. W. Helmersson, and J. Ansari: "Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication for Wireless Factory Automation: From LTE to 5G",
Proc. of IEEE conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, Berlin, Germany, September, 2016.
6. Bernd Holfeld, Dennis Wieruch, Thomas Wirth, Lars Thiele, Shehzad Ali Ashraf, Jörg Huschke, Ismet Aktas, and Junaid Ansari: "Wireless Communication for Factory
Automation: An Opportunity for LTE and 5G Systems", IEEE Communication Magazine, June, 2016.
7. Ericsson, “5G - key component of the Networked Society,“ RWS-150009, 3GPP RAN Workshop on 5G Phoenix, AZ, USA, September 17 – 18, 2015
http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/workshop/2015-09-17_18_RAN_5G/Docs/RWS-150009.zip
8. O. N. C. Yilmaz, Y.-P. E. Wang, N. A. Johansson, N. Brahmi, S. A. Ashraf and J. Sachs, “Analysis of Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency 5G Communication for a Factory
Automation Use Case,” in IEEE ICC, London, Jun. 2015.
9. N. A. Johansson, Y.-P. E. Wang, E. Eriksson and M. Hessler, “Radio Access for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency 5G Communications,” in IEEE ICC, London, Jun. 2015.
10. J. Sachs, P. Popovski, A. Höglund, D. Gozalvez-Serrano and P. Fertl, “Machine-Type Communications,” book chapter in “5G Mobile and Wireless Communications
Technology,” ISBN 9781107130098, 2016, www.cambridge.org/9781107130098
11. S. A. Ashraf, F. Lindqvist, B. Lindoff, R. Baldemair, "Control Channel Design Trade-offs for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication System", IEEE Globecom
Workshop on Ultra-Low Latency and Ultra-High Reliability in Wireless Communication, San Diego, USA, December, 2015.
12. N. Brahmi, O. N. C. Yilmaz, K. W. Helmersson, S. A. Ashraf, J. Torsner, "Deployment Strategies for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency Communication in Factory
Automation", IEEE Globecom Workshop on Ultra-Low Latency and Ultra-High Reliability in Wireless Communication, San Diego, USA, December, 2015.
13. A. Osseiran, J. Sachs, M. Puleri, ”Manufacturing Rengineered: robots, 5G and the industrial internet, Ericsson Business Review, no. 4, 2015,
https://www.ericsson.com/res/thecompany/docs/publications/business-review/2015/ebr-issue4-2015-industrial-iot.pdf
14. J. Torsner, K. Dovstam, G.Miklós, B. Skubic, G. Mildh, T. Mecklin, J. Sandberg, J. Nyqvist, J. Neander, C. Martinez, B. Zhang, J. Wan, “Industrial Remote Operation: 5G rises
to the challenge,” Ericsson Technology Review, vol. 92, http://www.ericsson.com/res/thecompany/docs/publications/ericsson_review/2015/etr-5g-remote-control.pdf
15. E. Dahlman, G. Mildh, S. Parkvall, J. Peisa, J. Sachs, Y. Selén and J. Sköld, "5G Wireless Access: Requirements and Realization," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52,
no. 12, Dec. 2014.

© Ericsson 2017 | Page 11


© Ericsson 2017 | Page 12