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Interior design concerns itself with more than just the visual or ambient enhancement
of an interior space; it seeks to optimize and harmonize the uses to which the built
environment will be put. Thus, in the words of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it
is "practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising
productivity, selling merchandise, or improving life style." Interior design is a practice
that responds to changes in the economy, organization, technology, demographics,
and business goals of an organization.

As a human activity, interior design is centuries old. As a coherent profession

identified by the label "interior designer," it is relatively recent. Many experts trace its
beginnings to the early 20th century and the rise of interior decoration as a career
separate from architecture. In the early decades, this practice focused largely on the
residential arena. By the 1940s, the terms "interior design" and "interior designer"
were used primarily by those individuals providing services to a small but growing
number of business clients. Interior design is generally divided into two categories,
residential and contract or commercial. Today, interior design is becoming
increasingly specialized as buildings and materials get more complex technologically
and regulations and standards more demanding.

Interior designing concerns itself with more than just the visual or ambient
enhancement of an interior space, it seeks to optimize and harmonize the uses to
which the interior environment will be put. Many factors come into play in formulating
the design solution. There is the space itself--its dimensions and construction--with
its potential and its limitations. There is how the space will be used for work or
leisure, entertainment or worship, healing or learning. There is the meaning of the
space, what it signifies be it power, authority, security, wisdom, achievement,
playfulness or serenity. There are practical considerations, like ease of access,
amount of light, acoustics, seating and places to store or set things down.

There are health and safety considerations, attention to special needs and more.

This study describes investment opportunity regarding setting up business of interior

Designing and landscaping to provide services of said business to various level of

consumer including houses, farm houses, offices, banks etc. Therein project shed
light on the key to be considered in the starting of business
1. Preliminary Investigation
The main aim of preliminary analysis is to identify the problem. First, need for the new or the
enhanced system is established. Only after the recognition of need, for the proposed system
is done then further analysis is possible.
Preliminary Investigation involves:
1. Identification of project enhancement techniques, like designing, controlling, feasibility,
and benefits are required to solve for further study of the project.
2. We investigate system requirement, what all need to be done to make the project
understand to the customers, clerks and the end users. All the people that use the system
need to know how to operate the system without any difficulties. We build models for more
reference to the project. We create all types of models to give more details about the project.
3. In addition to the activities performed during software development, some activities are
performed after the main development is complete. There is often an installation (also called
implementation) phase, which is concerned with actually installing the system on the client's
computer systems and then testing it. Then, there is software maintenance. Maintenance is an
activity that commences after the software is developed. Software needs to be maintained not
because some of its components "wear out" and need to be replaced, but because there are
often some residual errors remaining in the system which must be removed later as they are
discovered. Furthermore, the software often must be upgraded and enhanced to include more
"features" and provide more services. This also requires modification of the software,
Therefore, maintenance in unavoidable for software systems.
4. We need to build the system in a proper manner to avoid the risks involved in the
project. We need to tackle all problems that involve risks in the system such as the designing
part, the database, the management part and materials.
5. Creating a WBC (Work Breakdown Structure), drawing UML diagrams, software
development can reduce work of the project. All this things can solve the problem of the
6. Plan the project in a creative way. Since this is a Home Décor management, we need
to strongly plan the project according to customer satisfaction. We have give discounts for
special products (reasonable discounts on festive occasions) in order to attract customer to
7. Development (coding) of software: coding of related functions, strong database
connectivity shows the deployment from the project team. If the expenditure is
more then the output should be double, then only it is said to be a successful


The organization overview includes information that will help interested external users to
better assess their fit with the organization and better understand the organization’s
goals and beneficiaries. A detailed overview can include information about:
Mission, Beneficiaries, Goals, Programs, Outcomes/Achievements, Budget, Funder’s.

1.1.1 The Home Decors Design's Mission is to assure superior customer service
by doing the following:

• Open communication with clients. The explanation of the "pros and cons" of
different selections and design options are discussed in detail.
• Include the client in every stage of the design process.
• Exceed the customer's expectations for the project.
• Maintain continuing education of the latest development and innovations in the
interior design field.

1.1.2 The primary objectives (Goals) of our firm are to:

• Exceed customers' expectations for service and product.

• Increase the number of clients served by 15% per year through superior
• Develop a sustainable start-up business that is profitable

1.1.3 Outcomes/ Achievements:

The home décor will start to offer a wide range of interior design services to clients. The
company has a high level of expertise in interior design and will provide superior
personal services to all clients.

Our responsibility as interior design professionals is to take the client's design goals and
utilize our skills and resources to exceed the client's expectations for service, value,
functionality, and beauty.

Interior design responds to changes in the economy, organization, technology,

demographics, and business goals of an organization.

1.1.4 The funding of the project:

Start-up Funding:
Start-up Expenses to Fund $20,550

Start-up Assets to Fund $79,450

Total Funding Required $100,000

(Budget) Assets:

Non-cash Assets from Start-up $20,000

Cash Requirements from Start-up $59,450

Additional Cash Raised $0

Cash Balance on Starting Date $59,450

Total Assets $79,450


The management problems that arise during project are:

Home interiors get various problems while designing and coding the project. These
problems may be due to insufficient resources while building the system. If there is no
availability of sufficient resources, then it may lead to project failure.
Project designing can be the interior or the exterior part:

• The interior part is that whether the organization is maintaining the project in a
smooth way. Such as analyzing phases, look for feasibility, system requirements,
scope, time, cost, quality, risks involved. Whether the materials used for the shop are
fulfilling? Whether the time for completing the in and outlook of the shop attracting
customers. Whether the interior design of the shop in lively. We need to take a look
on various stakeholders’ activities. Whether they take part in there respective tasks?
The technical staff needs to maintain transactions properly. If there is a system
breakdown then they need fix the problems immediately. Change them and updating
can be costly and complex.
• The exterior part is the sales. Whether the sales in market place attracting
customers to buy the products. We need to record yearly increase or decrease in
profit or loss. If the sales are increasing day by day, then we need to make changes
in shop management.

• The above parts are inter-related. If the sales (budget) are high then improve the

The Technical problems that arise when developing a project are:

• Account creation and management with any number of contacts associated with
each account is necessary.

• (Meeting, calls, tasks and notes) the activity history is tracked for contacts, account,
leads, opportunities and cases.

• Users can track customer problems and resolutions. Allow each problem to have a
life cycle of information to improve customer satisfaction.

• Each case links to related Accounts, Contacts, Notes, Associated files, plus calls and
meeting activity history.

We do SWOT Analysis in order to maintain the limitations of the project:

Before making any investment decision it is advisable to evaluate associated risk factors
by taking into consideration certain key elements. SWOT analysis is a strategic planning
tool used to evaluate Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats involved in a
project or a business venture. Strengths and weaknesses are internal to company.
Opportunities and threats originate outside the company. A SWOT analysis is usually
performed early in the project development process, and helps organization to evaluate
internal factors.

1.2.1 Strengths
(i) Competent staff.
(ii) Dynamic Leadership of the stakeholders and people outside the system.
(iii) Availability of adequate facilities i.e. corporate office with good working conditions,
Internet excess, necessary software for designing, in house infrastructure facilities.
(iv) Effective marketing/promotion to create awareness of General public.

1.2.2 Weaknesses
(i) Lack of training opportunities.
(ii) Non availability of some basic material/items to be used in both interior and exterior
(iii) Operating at very low rather negligible profit margin in initial years.
(iv) Difficulty in building confidence among target customers.

1.2.3 Opportunities
(i) Government incentives for housing industry.
(ii) Inflow of new ideas due to open trade and globalization.
(iii) Para dime shift in lifestyle.

1.2.4 Threats
(i) Tough Competition.
(ii) New entrants can easily share the business.


The purposes of the proposed system are to provide a standard operating procedure for a
systematic and effective handling of project-type study items as differentiated from
informational-type items; to assign definite singular responsibility for projects; to suggest
specific sequential steps to be taken in the preparation of the project report; and to ensure that
people are involved in the planning stages of the project. Four phases constitute the proposed
procedure: need, design, implementation, and evaluation.
Project Needs:
Only after the recognition of need, for the proposed system is done then further analysis is
possible. Firstly, we need to know what does the outside world thinks. What does the
customer thinks about changing lifestyles:
1. If I select a right design, then can I impress my family?
2. Will they truly appreciate my selected design?
3. Is my home comfortable so that I can invite quests?
4. Are the furniture’s comfortable enough?
5. The product that I buy is a good quality or not?
6. Am I satisfied with where I invest?
The answers are yes …yes…..and yes, because we want to give customers the right
product and good fittings. Neat work is the motive and we aspect good deals out of this
project. The Interior designers and carpenters are much skilled in the “Home Work”. They
suggest the right design for your box that is their usual way of co-operating with the
Secondly the interior designers need to get into the customers head to select the right choice.
Thirdly, if I have a beautiful shop to attract customers, then I have to manage my store for
their convenience.
(i) Software Requirements:
Operating System: Windows XP
Programming Language: Java
Web Applications: JAVA 2.0, JDBC, Servlets
Database: Microsoft access

(ii) Hardware Requirements:

Processor : AMD GIGABYTE
Hard Disk : 40GB
RAM : 512MB or more

Design implementation & Shop maintenance :

• Design the software according the basic needs of the project. Security should be
maintained and stored transactions should be easy to search. For that a software should be
work friendly.
• Let us know what a customer searches for: a good company brands (the home
furnishings that are in demand), reasonable price, quality. So quality products, a good brand,
prices should be kept in mind. Staffs and consultants should design the project according to
customer satisfaction.
• We have to tag every decoration to give the details about the product brand, its cost,
its guarantee, etc.
• When a customer gets into the store, he/she should feel comfortable. The store
should be fully air conditioned, spacious enough to walk around. There should be carpet
flooring inside the store (suggestion: dark carpets usually give “wow” feeling).
• Cushioned Seating arrangement should be provided: if the customers feel tired
roaming about the whole store, then they can take a seat.
• Lighting arrangements should be proper according to the type of furnishings. We
should see if the lightings match with the furniture color codes and put those in their
backgrounds of every design. Other than backgrounds, the whole store can have lamps and
electricity savers.
• Store assistance: we need to train store attendants to save time for customer
requirement. A store attendant should have good communication skills when dealing with
customers. He should be able to explain the details about each and every product in the store.
They should also have a decent dress code and a batch.
• The clerk should be humble to customers and see to it if no misbehaving is done.
• There should be a Stock room in the store to place new products or exchange of
products. Instruments that are needed in case of technical fault. Files and Computer for
information about customer details.
• If there are any damaged or expired products; Customer can inquire about damaged
products. They can be replaced with a new product.
• Keep a check on new arrivals and give necessary discounts.

Evaluation and Compatibility:

The development of this new system contains the following activities, which try to develop the
project by keeping the entire process in the view of database integration approach.
i) Secure registration and profile management facilities for Customers. A Customer can see
the items that are there in each category of products like the complete Home Design
furnishings, Apparel, Kitchen accessories, Bath accessories etc.
ii) Creating a Shopping environment so that customer can Shop items and checkout finally
with the entire shopping cart.
iii) Customers are asked for required personal information. The information is stored inside the
database. The customer asks for verification of the details and payment (Credit card
verification mechanism)
iv) There are Updates given to the customers about the Recent Items in the Shop whenever
the customer is the member of Home décor design. The updates can be sending through e-
mails, delivery posts or calls.
2. Feasibility study
The proposed system is evaluated for its feasibility. Feasibility for a system means
whether it is practical and beneficial to build that system. When a project starts, we try to
gather information from different stakeholders involved in the project. The information is
checked for feasibility in order to proceed further.

Feasibility is evaluated from developer and customer's point of view. Developer sees
whether they have the required technology or manpower to build the new system. Is
building the new system really going to benefit the customer? Does the customer have
the required money to build that type of a system? All these issues are covered in the
feasibility study of the system. The feasibility of the system is evaluated on the three
main issues: technical, economical, and operational. Another issue in this regard is the
legal feasibility of the project.

(i) Technical feasibility: Can the development of the proposed system

be done with current equipment, existing software technology, and
available personnel? Does it require new technology? The technical
staff should be aware of all these things and also the quality and cost
of software that is required for the project. The quality of the
technology used in the project, such as the software’s needed for
implementation and development of the databases in the project
should be of least cost (but a good quality) and can produce better
results. In the project, the software used for Home décor management
includes Java and Oracle. The technical staff handles the core
function codes in Java to manipulate customer data. They need to
handle the information stored in the database as well. They also
include new technology as the project proceeds and if the project is
gaining profits then they need to think about better options in software

(ii) Operational feasibility: This Feasibility Structure ensures a check on

operations that are conducted in the system. Will the system be used
if it is developed and implemented? Will there be resistance from
users that will undermine the possible application benefits? This will
see whether the customer transactions are kept in order or not? Is the
payment done according to the type? Are the details enough for a
home delivery? Are the customers satisfied with what they want? All
these questions raise a big question i.e. are the Operations done on
time and co-ordinate effectively with the system? That is why the
usage of the system should be proper. It should be implemented
properly. From developers point of view ,I can say that there is a
success if the operations (like calculating cost, entering data, saving
records, giving delivery details) are all done without any internal or
external problems (refer to limitations of the project).

(iii) Economic feasibility: Are there sufficient benefits in creating the

system to make the costs acceptable? An important outcome of the
economic feasibility study is the cost benefit analysis. If I see that the
project is not economically feasible, then maybe I have planned a
wrong procedure for the cost analysis. To see if I have done the
investment in a right place that gave better output? To see if the
investment was enough to attract the customers to the store? If the
cost was put inspite for all the risks involved? All these things should
be carefully done before we step on to the other feasibility structures.
I have to add many lists for making the shop comfortable to the
customers. If it is so then I have to invest more. But apart from
investment and detailed planning there should be a better outcomes
such as the sales should be high, customer should get friendly
environment to communicate with the clients, customer should know
about the details of the product, they should feel the talent in the
works of the stakeholders, they should know every detail about the

(iv) Resource feasibility: For checking the available resources, the

system needs to maintain resources for its feasibility. How much time
to build a new system? When it can be build? Whether it interferes
with normal business operations? What are the types or the amount of
resources required for the project? All these conditions need to be
checked. The time management for building the system is done
beautifully if the available resources are high. If the things to build the
shop and it’s maintenance are sufficient then we can manage less
time in it and concentrate on other things such as developing software
for faster transaction (in case of customer satisfaction). In case of
budget requirements analysis we can save time. If the expenditure for
the resources are high that doesn’t fit the budget, then we have to
create another alternative ready. This can save time and imply the
resources in a correct manner.

The result of the feasibility study is a formal document, a report detailing the nature and
scope of the proposed solution. It consists of the following:

• Statement of the problem

• Details of findings
• Findings and recommendations in concise form

Once the feasibility study is done then the project is approved or disapproved according
to the results of the study. If the project seems feasible and desirable then the project is
finally approved otherwise no further work is done on it.
Tools are the building block of the project. There are several advantages that can give
success to the project by certain tools:
• Tools can facilitate the creation and maintenance of project artifacts (e.g. project
schedule) and especially good at complex analysis (e.g. Earned Value
Management).if the schedule of the project is going to be in a right way then there is
a progress.

• Tools are very good at linking to sub-projects or other work packages/plans

Tools are very good at providing various outputs (e.g. Gantt Charts, Milestone
Charts, and Network Diagrams etc)

• Contribute to the build up of statistical information to assist in improving

management of future projects. Allows a more objective comparison of alternative
actions/decisions and provides repeatable results. Helps distinguish between good
and bad luck and good and bad management. It can provide electronic methods of
approvals, speeding up decision making. Can be very good when teams are not co-
located at one place, and the team can access data when they need it and not rely
on any individual (e.g. methods and procedure database with the most up-to-date
versions on it).

• Can be good at generating automated reports (e.g. timecards associated with

individual projects), if they are setup in the right way in the first place, Very good at
re-assigning authority when individuals are away, so decisions can still be made and
do not rely on single points of failure. The requirement to measure physical items
facilitates tighter management controls.

• Many projects require a certain sequence of installation for maximizing results.

Home decor coordinates all aspects of this project to ensure smooth transitions from
each phase until project completion.

• Detail drawings are prepared to help the clients visualize the finished piece.
Custom furnishings, Built-ins, and window treatments are also available through the
talents of Home décor design consultants.

Home décor design offer’s a wide range of interior design services to meet any client's
needs in Seawoods.

Stakeholder analysis
A stakeholder analysis can help a project to identify:

• The interests of all stakeholders, who may affect or be affected by the project.
• Potential issues that could disrupt the project.
• Key people for information distribution during executing phase.
• Groups that should be encouraged to participate in different stages of the project.
• Communication planning & stakeholder management strategy during project
planning phase.
• Ways to reduce potential negative impacts & manage negative stakeholders.

Engaging stakeholders throughout the project life cycle is a key to project’s success.
Managing stakeholders expectations & ensuring their active involvement is very much
important to project as:
• It is indispensable for continuation of the project & its successful completion.
• It gives opportunity to individuals or groups to express their ideas / issues/
concerns over the project.
• It gives a sense of accountability and enhances responsibility.
• It enables effective risk identification & response planning.
• It opens up excellent learning opportunity for both the project team and

The Home décor ensures that all the stakeholders are active in the project development:

1) Customer.
2) Employee.
3) Admin Module.
4) Security and Authentication
5) Reports

Customer involvement:
Customer searches the items by category-wise, select the item and pay the bill. Customer
takes help from the administrator or employee. Customer checks the status of the orders list.

Clerk (Employee):
Employees or the clerk are responsible for internal affairs like inserting customer information,
processing orders, assure home delivery, getting customer's delivery-time feedback, updating
order's status and answering client's queries.
Every delivery deadlines are stored inside a database and it is send to the destination on the
particular date.

Administrator (The Manager):

Administrator or the Manager can add the different items based on the category of the type of
decoration needed (separate for living room, kitchen, bathrooms, and bedroom) . He can
place the orders that are raised by the customers to the employee for delivery of the items.

The Technical Users (Security and Authentication):

1. Customer Registration.
2. Login as Employee or Administrator.
3. Change password for Employee or Administrator.
4. Forgot Password for Employee or Administrator.

In this Module the different Actors can generate the different types of Reports according to
their access.

Home décor design will offer’s a wide range of interior design services and gives a
variety of to meet any client's needs in Seawoods:

• On-site Consultations: Convenient consultations for busy homeowners and

professionals are offered at the home or office. The consultation will include all
necessary product samples for clients for review, thus eliminating the hassle of
having to visit numerous stores for different products.

• Project Survey and Analysis: Each site is inspected for its layout and function.
In-depth client interviews are conducted to determine all necessary requirements for
the project. This information is then analyzed for design concepts and space

• Design Concepts: The design concept can begin with a treasured piece of fabric
or furniture, or simply a blank page. The goal is to attain the "look" and "feel" a client
wants, from "light and airy" to "rich and elegant" to "comfortable and cozy." Each
project develops its own flavor from the unique selection of fabrics, furniture, and

• Finishes and Furnishings: There are many factors to consider when selecting
furniture and finishes. Home décor design's expertise and guidance helps clients
make the best selections for their needs. Creativity is also applied in the selection
process to create the desired look.

• Custom Designs: Custom furniture, built-ins, and window treatments are also
available through the talents of Home décor design. Detailed drawings are prepared
to help clients visualize the finished piece.

• Purchasing, Delivery, & Installation: Once final selections are made, Home
décor design assumes all responsibility for coordinating the purchasing, delivery
and installation of the entire project.
• Project Coordination & Management: Some projects require a certain
sequence of installation for maximizing results. Home décor design coordinates all
aspects of these projects to ensure smooth transitions from each phase until project
Event table
Event Trigger Source Usecase System Destination
Look for home Decoration customer Look for Save Details Clerk
decoration inquiry decoration of décor
patterns patterns

Check for Simple clerk Create new Order details Customer

options interior or order
Customer Home or Customer Gives order Order is Clerk
selection ceremony information recorded in
details system

Payment Through clerk Payment Payment Customer

options cash or credit details

Speculate Details of Manager Keep track of Count the no. Manager

records new record records and of records
orders and orders
that are

Speculate Order clerk Manager Pending Confirm Clerk

pending for pending orders are Delivery
records/orders records done /delivery details
details are