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ZXMBW R9110

802.16e BTS(4×8)
Operation and Maintenance Manual

Version: V4.02

ZTE CORPORATION
NO. 55, Hi-tech Road South, ShenZhen, P.R.China
Postcode: 518057
Tel: +86-755-26771900
Fax: +86-755-26770801
URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn
LEGAL INFORMATION
Copyright © 2011 ZTE CORPORATION.
The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or
distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written
consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by
contractual confidentiality obligations.
All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE
CORPORATION or of their respective owners.
This document is provided “as is”, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions
are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose,
title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the
use of or reliance on the information contained herein.
ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications
covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE
CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter
herein.
ZTE CORPORATION reserves the right to upgrade or make technical change to this product without further notice.
Users may visit ZTE technical support website http://ensupport.zte.com.cn to inquire related information.
The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION.

Revision History

Revision No. Revision Date Revision Reason

R1.0 08/10/2009 First Edition

R1.1 05/30/2010 The procedures of common maintenance operations are modified.

R1.2 08/30/2010 The procedures of common maintenance operations are modified


according to OMC(V3.33/V4.02).

Serial Number: SJ-20110411154055-008

Publishing Date: 08/30/2010


Contents
About This Manual ......................................................................................... I
Declaration of RoHS Compliance ................................................................. I
Chapter 1 Safety Description .................................................................... 1-1
1.1 Safety Specifications Guide ................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 Safety Symbols .................................................................................................. 1-2
1.3 Safety Instructions.............................................................................................. 1-3

Chapter 2 Maintenance Overview ............................................................. 2-1


2.1 Maintenance Categories ..................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Common Maintenance Methods .......................................................................... 2-2
2.3 Common Maintenance Precautions ..................................................................... 2-3
2.4 Maintenance Information Collection ..................................................................... 2-4
2.4.1 Basic Maintenance Information Collection Table ......................................... 2-4
2.4.2 Version Information Collection Table .......................................................... 2-5

Chapter 3 Routine Maintenance................................................................ 3-1


3.1 Routine Maintenance Definition........................................................................... 3-1
3.2 Routine Maintenance Items................................................................................. 3-2
3.3 Routine Maintenance Schedule........................................................................... 3-2
3.4 Monthly Maintenance Items ................................................................................ 3-2
3.5 Quarterly Maintenance Items .............................................................................. 3-4
3.6 Annual Maintenance Items.................................................................................. 3-6

Chapter 4 Troubleshooting........................................................................ 4-1


4.1 Troubleshooting Definition................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Frequent Alarms ................................................................................................ 4-1
4.2.1 No WTRX Detected .................................................................................. 4-1
4.2.2 No WRFE Detected ................................................................................. 4-1
4.2.3 No WDPA Detected .................................................................................. 4-2
4.2.4 Inconsistent Board Type ........................................................................... 4-2
4.2.5 PA is Abnormal ........................................................................................ 4-2
4.2.6 VSWR Alarm ........................................................................................... 4-2
4.2.7 PA Shutdown Alarm.................................................................................. 4-3
4.2.8 No 802.16e BTS Detected ........................................................................ 4-3

Chapter 5 Common Operations ................................................................ 5-1

I
5.1 Starting the Server ............................................................................................. 5-1
5.2 Viewing Alarm Summary through Monitoring Window ........................................... 5-2
5.3 Acknowledging and Deleting Active Alarms.......................................................... 5-3
5.4 Quickly Querying Alarm Information..................................................................... 5-4
5.5 Customizing Alarm Query Conditions .................................................................. 5-7
5.6 Exporting Cleared Alarm Information ................................................................... 5-9
5.7 Setting Forwarding Rule ................................................................................... 5-10
5.8 Collecting Alarm Statistic by Alarm Code ........................................................... 5-13
5.9 Collecting Alarm Statistics by NE....................................................................... 5-14
5.10 Collecting Alarm Statistics by Time .................................................................. 5-16
5.11 Customizing Alarm Statistics ........................................................................... 5-18
5.12 Viewing Board CPU Usage ............................................................................. 5-21
5.13 Querying Original Performance Data ............................................................... 5-24
5.14 Collecting Service Data................................................................................... 5-26
5.15 Saving Signaling and Global Data ................................................................... 5-29
5.16 Customizing Auto-Test Task ............................................................................ 5-30
5.17 Spectrum Analysis.......................................................................................... 5-33
5.18 Auto Calibration.............................................................................................. 5-35

Figures............................................................................................................. I
Tables ............................................................................................................ III
Index ...............................................................................................................V
Glossary .......................................................................................................VII

II
About This Manual
Purpose
Thank you for choosing 802.16e radio network system of ZTE Corporation!
ZXMBW R9110 is a 802.16e BTS developed by ZTE Corporation and applied to large-scale
outdoor coverage and blind and hot spots such as basements and squares.
This manual describes the ZXMBW R9110 maintenance methods. It provides the
maintenance personnel with detailed information to discover and solve faults and potential
troubles.

Intended Audience
This document is intended for maintenance engineers who perform maintenance activities
on ZXMBW R9110.

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge


To use this document effectively, users should have a general understanding of ZXMBW
R9110 equipment and its components. Familiarity with the following is helpful:
l Network Management System operations
l ZXMBW R9110 hardware structure

What is in This Manual


This manual contains the following chapters:

Chapter Summary

Chapter 1 Safety Describes safety symbols and safety specification.


Description

Chapter 2 Describes ZXMBW R9110 common maintenance method, precautions and


Maintenance some information collection tables.
Overview

Chapter 3 Routine Describes the tasks involved in ZXMBW R9110 maintenance.


Maintenance

Chapter 4 Describes handling methods of commonly occurred faults of ZXMBW R9110.


Troubleshooting

Chapter 5 Common Describes common operations in maintaining ZXMBW R9110.


Operations

Conventions
ZTE documents employ the following typographical conventions.

I
Typeface Meaning

Italics References to other Manuals and documents.

“Quotes” Links on screens.

Bold Menus, menu options, function names, input fields, radio button names, check
boxes, drop-down lists, dialog box names, window names.

CAPS Keys on the keyboard and buttons on screens and company name.

Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic.

Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before


proceeding further.

Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive


for the reader.

Mouse operation conventions are listed as follows:

Typeface Meaning

Click Refers to clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) once.

Double-click Refers to quickly clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button)
twice.

Right-click Refers to clicking the secondary mouse button (usually the right mouse button)
once.

II
Declaration of RoHS
Compliance
To minimize the environmental impact and take more responsibility to the earth we live,
this document shall serve as formal declaration that ZXMBW R9110 manufactured by
ZTE CORPORATION are in compliance with the Directive 2002/95/EC of the European
Parliament - RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) with respect to the following
substances:
l Lead (Pb)
l Mercury (Hg)
l Cadmium (Cd)
l Hexavalent Chromium (Cr (VI))
l PolyBrominated Biphenyls (PBB’s)
l PolyBrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE’s)

The ZXMBW R9110 manufactured by ZTE CORPORATION meets the requirements of EU


2002/95/EC; however, some assemblies are customized to client specifications. Addition of
specialized, customer-specified materials or processes which do not meet the requirements of
EU 2002/95/EC may negate RoHS compliance of the assembly. To guarantee compliance of the
assembly, the need for compliant product must be communicated to ZTE CORPORATION in written
form. This declaration is issued based on our current level of knowledge. Since conditions of use are
outside our control, ZTE CORPORATION makes no warranties, express or implied, and assumes no
liability in connection with the use of this information.

I
II
Chapter 1
Safety Description
Table of Contents
Safety Specifications Guide........................................................................................1-1
Safety Symbols ..........................................................................................................1-2
Safety Instructions......................................................................................................1-3

1.1 Safety Specifications Guide


These safety instructions must be considered as supplementary for local safety
regulations. The priority must be given to local safety regulations if there is any conflict
between the two.
The maintenance personnel must have the knowledge of safety operations and
maintenance with required qualification and technical background.

Warning!
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.

All the operation and maintenance personnel must follow the safety precautions and
instructions provided by ZTE Corporation to avoid any accident.

Note:
ZTE Corporation does not bear any liabilities incurred because of violation of the
universal safety operation requirements, or violation of safety standards for designing,
manufacturing and using the equipment.

FCC Radiation Exposure Statement:

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This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance 3m
between the radiator and your body.

1.2 Safety Symbols


Table 1-1 lists safety symbols. They are to prompt the user of the safety precautions to be
observed during ZXMBW R9110 operation and maintenance.

Table 1-1 Safety Symbols Description

Safety Symbols Meaning

No smoking: Smoking is forbidden

No flammables: No flammables can be stored.

No touching: Do not touch.

Universal alerting symbol: General safety attentions.

Electric shock: Risk of electric shock.

Electrostatic: The device may be sensitive to static electricity.

Microwave: Beware of strong electromagnetic field.

Laser: Beware of strong laser beam.

Scald: Beware of scald.

Amongst these safety symbols, the universal alarm symbols are classified into three levels:
danger, warning, and caution. The formats and meanings of the three levels are described
as below:

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Chapter 1 Safety Description

Danger!
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury of people, or equipment damages and breakdown.

Warning!
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.

Caution!

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in serious
injuries, equipment damages or interruption of part services.

1.3 Safety Instructions


This section describes the safety instructions related to electrical safety, antistatic, heavy
objects and modules.

Electrical Safety Instructions


The following are the electrical safety instructions about tools, high voltage, power cables,
holes and lightning:
l Tools
Use special tools rather than common tools for high-voltage and AC operations.

l High Voltage

Danger!

High voltage is hazardous. Direct or indirect contact with high voltage or main supply
using a wet object could result in death.

à Strictly follow local safety rules to install AC power devices.


à Installation staff must be qualified for performing high-voltage and AC operations.

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à Do not wear any watch, hand chain, bracelet, ring or any other conductive objects
during such operations.
à Prevent moisture from accumulating on the equipment during operations in a
damp environment.
l Power Cable

Warning!
Never install or uninstall power cables while they are live. Otherwise, the power cable,
when contacting a conductor, may result in sparks or electric arc causing a fire or even
damage to eyes.

à Make sure of shutting off power supply before installing or disconnecting a power
cable.
à Before connecting the power cable, make sure that the connecting cable and its
label are appropriate for the actual installation requirements.
l Drilling Holes

Warning!
It is not allowed to drill chassis holes without permission.

à Unqualified drilling could damage wiring and cables inside the chassis.
Additionally, metal pieces inside the chassis created by the drilling could result
in a short circuit. Use insulation protection gloves and first move cables inside a
chassis away when drilling is necessary on a chassis.
à Protect eyes during drilling as dust or flying debris may damage eyes.

à Clean any debris in time after drilling.


l Lightning

Danger!
Do not perform high-voltage, AC, iron tower or mast operations in a thunderstorm.

Thunderstorms would give rise to a strong electromagnetic field in the atmosphere.


Therefore, the equipment must be grounded and protected in time against lightning
strikes.

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Chapter 1 Safety Description

Antistatic Safety Instructions

Caution!
Static electricity produced by human body can damage static-sensitive components on
circuit board, such as large-scale integrated circuits.

l Friction caused by human body activities is the root cause of electrostatic charge
accumulation. Static voltage carried by a human body in a dry environment can be
up to 30 kV, and can remain there for a long time. An operator with static electricity
may discharge electricity through a component when he/she touches the conductor
and cause damage.
l Wear an antistatic wrist strap (the other end of wrist strap must be well grounded)
before touching the equipment or holding a plug-in board, circuit board, Integrated
Circuit (IC) chip or other devices, to prevent human static electricity from damaging
sensitive components.
l The antistatic wrist strap used must be subject to regular check. Do not replace the
cable of an antistatic wrist strap with any other cables.
l Do not contact static-sensitive modules with any object that easily generates static
electricity. For example, friction of package bag, transfer box and transfer belt made
from insulation plastic may cause static electricity on components. Discharge of static
electricity may damage components when they contact a human body or the ground.
l Modules should only contact materials such as an antistatic bag. Keep modules in
antistatic bags during storage and transportation.
l Discharge static electricity of the test device before use, that is, ground the test device
first.
l Do not place the module near a strong DC magnetic field, such as the cathode-ray
tube of a monitor. Keep the module at least 10 cm away.

Hoisting Heavy Objects

Warning!

When hoisting heavy objects, ensure that nobody is standing or walking under the hoisted
object.

l Ensure the hoister can meet hoisting requirements when disassembling heavy
equipment, or moving and replacing equipment.
l The installation personnel must be duly trained and qualified for hoisting operations.
l Hoisting tools must be inspected and complete before service.

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l Make sure that hoisting tools are fixed firmly on a sufficiently secured object or wall
before the hoisting operation.
l Give brief oral instructions during hoisting operations to prevent any mishap.

Unplugging/Plugging a Module
l Never plug a module with excessive force, to ensure that the pins on the backplane
do not get deformed.
l Plug the module right into the slot and make sure module circuit faces do not contact
each other lest any short circuit may occur.
l Keep hands off the module circuit, components, connectors and cable trough when
holding a module.

Rack-mounting Safety Instructions


Rack-mounting Instructions - The following or similar rack-mount instructions are included
with the installation instructions:
l Elevated Operating Ambient - If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the
operating ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater than room
ambient. Therefore, consideration should be given to installing the equipment in an
environment compatible with the maximum ambient temperature (Tma) specified by
the manufacturer.
l Reduced Air Flow - Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such that the
amount of air flow required for safe operation of the equipment is not compromised.
l Mechanical Loading - Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such that a
hazardous condition is not achieved due to uneven mechanical loading.
l Circuit Overloading - Consideration should be given to the connection of the
equipment to the supply circuit and the effect that overloading of the circuits might
have on overcurrent protection and supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of
equipment nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this concern.
l Reliable Earthing - Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should be
maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply connections other than
direct connections to the branch circuit (e.g. use of power strips).

Other Safety Instructions

Note:
Do not perform maintenance or debugging independently, unless a qualified person is
present.

l Perform an airtight test before 802.16e BTS delivery, and prohibit disassembling the
802.16e BTS on site.

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Chapter 1 Safety Description

l Replacing any parts or making any changes to the equipment might result in an
unexpected danger. Therefore, be sure not to replace any parts or perform any
changes to the equipment unless authorized otherwise.
l Due to that 802.16e BTS is in high temperature during running, the 802.16e BTS
should be installed in some regions out of operators' reach or strictly restricted.
l Contact ZTE office if you have any question, to ensure your safety.

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Chapter 2
Maintenance Overview
Table of Contents
Maintenance Categories.............................................................................................2-1
Common Maintenance Methods .................................................................................2-2
Common Maintenance Precautions............................................................................2-3
Maintenance Information Collection............................................................................2-4

2.1 Maintenance Categories


Maintenance is categorized into following two types:
l Routine Maintenance
l Emergency Maintenance

Routine Maintenance
Routine maintenance tasks come under the preventive maintenance operation tasks. The
preventive maintenance operations are performed on a scheduled basis to monitor the
system regularly, and to get sustained service from ZXMBW R9110. Routine maintenance
allows maintenance personnel to identify potential sources of hazards, which enable the
maintenance personnel to resolve these problems in time. Performing these tasks in a
timely manner can lengthen the life of components and therefore reduce system-down
time.
The goal of routine maintenance is to enhance the system performance and service for
a longer period of time at minimum usage of resources. Resources that are minimized
include minimization of unnecessary initialization, diagnostics, and ZXMBW R9110 site
visits.

Emergency Maintenance
Emergency maintenance is a kind of unpredictable maintenance. It means the immediate
troubleshooting for the failed equipments when there is an emergency. The key target of
emergency maintenance is to restore the service as soon as possible. Network operator
should refer to this guide to prepare the emergency failure handling regulation and provide
trainings for staff.
Determine the potential causes of the fault, if possible, perform troubleshooting according
to this guide. In addition, contact the ZTE customer support center for advanced technical
support.

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Collect the alarm information and hard copies of the failure. Send the related failure
handling report and event logs to ZTE for analysis.

2.2 Common Maintenance Methods


This section describes some common methods for analyzing and troubleshooting
faults, which are different from the troubleshooting methodology. The troubleshooting
methodology is a kind of thinking rule, which guides the practice of detailed troubleshooting
methods. Following is the detailed description of common maintenance methods.

Fault Analysis
Generally, a wireless network consists of various equipment entities. The fault symptom
of a kind of equipment entity is different from that of other kinds. Therefore, when
maintenance personnel finds a fault or receives a fault report, he/she should analyze the
fault symptom and judge from what kind of equipment entity the fault comes first. Then
check the equipment entity further.
The analysis of fault symptom is important especially for emergent faults. To avoid wrong
maintenance operations on normal equipment entities, maintenance personnel should
analyze fault symptoms carefully and locate faulty equipment entity correctly. Moreover,
it costs less time to troubleshoot faults on the basis of correct analysis.

Replacement Method
The replacement method is used to locate fault. For example, when a fault occurs, replace
a possible faulty part with a normal spare one. If the fault disappears, it can be judged that
the replaced part is faulty.
The principle of part replacement is as follows: Replace the part which reports alarm with
a good one. If the alarm disappears, it indicates that this part is the faulty one. If the alarm
still exists after the part is replaced, analyze the fault further and replace other parts which
are possibly faulty.
The replacement method is simple and practical. Moreover, it can be used to compare the
status, parameters, logs and parameter configuration of same parts for inconsistency.

Note:
The replacement operation is only carried out in safe time period to avoid service
interruption.

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Chapter 2 Maintenance Overview

2.3 Common Maintenance Precautions


Overview
Before and during maintenance, take necessary precautionary measures to ensure safety
of the maintenance personnel and smoothness of maintenance tasks.

Safety Precautions
The power supply input voltage exceeds safety limits for human contact. Ensure adequate
safety measures to avoid any electric shock risk or equipment damage.

Operation Precautions
Ensure the following precautions during maintenance:

l ESD Procedures
The proper ESD procedures must be followed before working with the ZXMBW R9110
modules.
l Handling RF Cables and Connections
à Avoid sharp bends.
à Follow required procedures while handling with connections, especially which
require the use of torque wrenches.
à Never apply power to a RF cable or disconnect a RF cable, when it is in working
mode.
l Other Precautions
à Make record of all maintenance procedures and steps including version
upgrades, data backup and troubleshooting.
à Ensure the availability of frequently used tools and meters, screw drivers
(Philips-/Flathead-screwdrivers), signaling meter, network cable pliers,
multimeter, and network cables. Check and calibrate meters to ensure accuracy.
à Check spare parts and components frequently to ensure their availability and
intactness. Mark and store damaged parts after maintenance at some separate
place. Avoid storing of damaged parts with new spare parts.
à Maintenance personnel should analyze the cause of every particular fault, and
figure out the potential source of hazard before proceeding further.

à Check the availability of system documents, including the technology, installation,


operation, and maintenance manuals for reference at maintenance time.

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2.4 Maintenance Information Collection


2.4.1 Basic Maintenance Information Collection Table
Table 2-1 gives the information that should be collected during ZXMBW R9110
maintenance.

Table 2-1 Maintenance Information Collection Table

Maintenance Information Collection Table

ZXMBW R9110 North latitude


name

ZXMBW R9110 East longitude


type

ZXMBW R9110 Height above sea


No. level

ZXMBW R9110 ASN where the


ID (configured in ZXMBW R9110
OMC) belongs

Administrative Room phone num-


County/city ber

Detailed room lo-


cation

In daisy-link mode
(link structure)

The first carrier frequency The second car-


rier frequency

Antenna position

Sector S0/S1 S1/S2

Antenna type

Antenna gain
(dBi)

Antenna horizon-
tal beam width

Antenna vertical
beam width

Antenna height

Diversity mode

Antenna azimuth

Antenna downtilt

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Chapter 2 Maintenance Overview

Maintenance Information Collection Table

Electrical downtilt

length of main
feeder

Surrounding to-
pography descrip-
tion

2.4.2 Version Information Collection Table


Collection and recording of ZXMBW R9110 version information facilitates ZXMBW R9110
maintenance. Because only the WTRX and WDPA modules in the ZXMBW R9110 contain
software, only WTRX and WDPA version information needs to be collected.

Table 2-2 gives the ZXMBW R9110 version information that needs to be collected.

Table 2-2 Version Information Collection Table

Module Version

WTRX

WDPA

Description:

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Chapter 3
Routine Maintenance
Table of Contents
Routine Maintenance Definition ..................................................................................3-1
Routine Maintenance Items ........................................................................................3-2
Routine Maintenance Schedule ..................................................................................3-2
Monthly Maintenance Items........................................................................................3-2
Quarterly Maintenance Items......................................................................................3-4
Annual Maintenance Items .........................................................................................3-6

3.1 Routine Maintenance Definition


Routine maintenance is to periodically perform preventative maintenance and detection
on equipment, so as to make the equipment in a stable operation for a long time.
Routine maintenance includes the following tasks:
l Regular maintenance and detection. The maintenance personnel is required to
regularly check and test the running status, functions, major performance indices
and hardware of the ZXMBW R9110 equipment using necessary instruments and
tools according to the OMM operation specification and ZXMBW R9110 equipment
technical specifications.
l Regular check and cleaning. The maintenance personnel is required to regularly
check the ZXMBW R9110 equipment and its auxiliary devices, and replace faulty or
unsatisfactory parts in time. The maintenance personnel should regularly maintain
and clean the parts that are damageable or require a high level anti-dust protection,
as well as the key parts of the peripherals.

A proper work cycle plan for ZXMBW R9110 routine maintenance is recommended.

Note:

The running status of ZXMBW R9110 can be observed at the OMM, for it is an
unmanned monitoring device. The OMM maintenance personnel is responsible for
routine maintenance of ZXMBW R9110.

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3.2 Routine Maintenance Items


Routine maintenance is to keep equipment in the best operation status so as to meet
various service requirements.
The ZXMBW R9110 routine maintenance involves the following fundamental tasks:
l Work environment inspection of the equipment
l Performance statistics of the equipment
l Maintenance of the alarm system
l Data backup
l Backup inspection
l Board maintenance
l Log inspection
l Inspection of the grounding and lightning system
l Inspection of the running status of the power system
l Inspection of the antenna feeder system
l Preparations before holidays and festivals

3.3 Routine Maintenance Schedule


Depending upon the tasks to be performed, routine maintenance is scheduled on periodic
basis. These are:
l Monthly Maintenance
l Quarterly Maintenance
l Yearly Maintenance

3.4 Monthly Maintenance Items


Table 3-1 gives ZXMBW R9110 monthly maintenance items.

Table 3-1 Monthly Maintenance Table

Item Description

Checking tempera- View temperature and humidity through the OMC alarm management system.
ture and humidity (The concrete content can be found in ZXMBW R9110 Remote Radio Unit
(4×8) Technical Manual)

Checking module View module running states through the OMC alarm management system. Per-
running states form a diagnostic test on the module that runs abnormally to find out the cause.

Checking voice and Perform voice and data service tests using an MS on site and carry out ASN
data services service observation to check services of all the sectors. Check whether call
drops, discontinuity or abnormal throughputs occur.

Checking the power Check the power supply of the ZXMBW R9110.
supply (The concrete content can be found in ZXMBW R9110 Remote Radio Unit
(4×8) Technical Manual

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Chapter 3 Routine Maintenance

Item Description

Checking the
grounding system Check whether the grounding system and lightning system work well.
and lightning sys- (The concrete content can be found in ZXMBW R9110 Remote Radio Unit
tem (4×8) Technical Manual

Checking the power


of WDPA Check the WDPA power of each sector through the OMC system.

Checking antenna
feeder standing Check whether VSWR alarms are available. Measure the standing waving ratio
wave ratios of every antenna feeder system.

Other descriptions:

Table 3-2 gives a ZXMBW R9110 monthly maintenance record table.

Table 3-2 Monthly Maintenance Record Table

Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Maintained by:

Item State Remarks

Temperature and humidity □Normal□Abnormal

Module running states □Normal□Abnormal

Voice service and data service □Normal□Abnormal

Power supply □Normal□Abnormal

Grounding system and lightning


system □Normal□Abnormal

Power of WDPA □Normal□Abnormal

Antenna feeder standing wave ratio □Normal□Abnormal

Failure description and


handling

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Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Unsolved problems

Review of the person


in charge

3.5 Quarterly Maintenance Items


Table 3-3 describes quarterly maintenance items for ZXMBW R9110.

Table 3-3 Quarterly Maintenance Items

Item Description

Checking module running status View module running states through the OMC alarm man-
agement system. Perform a diagnostic test on the module
that runs abnormally to find out the cause.

Checking data service Perform voice and data service tests using an MS on site
and carry out ASN service observation to check services of
all the sectors. Check whether call drops, discontinuity or
abnormal throughputs occur.

Checking the power supply Check the power supply of the ZXMBW R9110.

Checking the grounding system and Check whether the grounding system and lightning system
lightning system work well.

Check the WDPA power of each sector through the OMC


Checking the power of WDPA system.

Checking antenna feeder standing wave Check whether VSWR alarms are available. Measure the
ratios standing waving ratio of every antenna feeder system.
Make sure the feeder is in good contact after performing
the standing wave ratio test.

Checking grounding resistance and Measure the grounding resistance using a resistance
grounding cable tester.

Check whether each grounding cable connector is loosed


or aged.

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Item Description

Checking feeder connectors, waterproof Check the appearance of each feeder connector or un-
protection and grounding connection of wrap the insulation tapes to check the appearance if nec-
the lightning grounding kit essary. Do remember wrapping every connector with insu-
lation tapes after making sure it is in good condition.

Checking the antenna installation and Check whether the antenna is tightly fixed and whether its
pitch angle and azimuth of each direc- pitch angle and azimuth are in the range required in network
tional antenna planning using proper tools, for example, wrench and angle
instrument.

Checking the lightning grounding cable Check whether the lightning grounding cable is reliably con-
nected and whether the joints are free of rust.

Other descriptions:

Table 3-4 gives a quarterly maintenance record table for the ZXMBW R9110.

Table 3-4 Quarterly Maintenance Record Table

Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Maintained by:

Item State Remarks

ZXMBW R9110 module running states □Normal□Abnormal

Data service □Normal□Abnormal

Power supply □Normal□Abnormal

Grounding system and lightning system □Normal□Abnormal

Power of the WDPA □Normal□Abnormal

Antenna feeder standing wave ratio □Normal□Abnormal

Grounding resistance and grounding cable □Normal□Abnormal

Feeder connectors, waterproof protec-


tion and grounding connection of lightning
grounding kit □Normal□Abnormal

Antenna installation and pitch angle and az-


imuth of directional antenna □Normal□Abnormal

Lightning grounding cable □Normal□Abnormal

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Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Failure description and handling

Unsolved problems

Review of the person in charge

3.6 Annual Maintenance Items


Table 3-5 describes annual maintenance items for the ZXMBW R9110.

Table 3-5 Annual Maintenance Items

Item Description

Checking cleanness and sealing perfor- Carefully clean the case using a vacuum cleaner and
mance of the case a cloth without touching the switch or power supply.
Open the case to check whether it is watered and check
the sealing performance of the case.

Checking temperature and humidity View temperature and humidity through the OMC alarm
management system.

Checking module running states View module running states through the OMC alarm
management system. Perform a diagnostic test on the
module that runs abnormally to find out the cause.

Checking voice and data services Perform voice and data service tests using an MS on
site and carry out ASN service observation to check
services of all the sectors. Check whether call drops,
discontinuity or abnormal throughputs occur.

Checking the power supply Check the power supply of the ZXMBW R9110.

Checking the grounding system and lightning Check whether the grounding system and lightning sys-
system tem work well and whether the arrester is in good con-
dition.

Check the WDPA power of each sector through the


Checking the power of WDPA OMC system.

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Item Description

Checking antenna feeder standing wave ra- Check whether VSWR alarms are available. Measure
tios the standing waving ratio of every antenna feeder sys-
tem. Make sure the feeder is in good contact after com-
pleting the standing wave ratio test.

Checking grounding resistance and ground- Measure the grounding resistance using a resistance
ing cable tester.

Check whether each grounding cable connector is


loosed or aged.

Checking feeder connectors, waterproof pro- Check the appearance of each feeder connector or un-
tection and grounding connection of the light- wrap the insulation tapes to check the appearance if
ning grounding kit necessary. Do remember wrapping every connector
with insulation tapes after making sure it is in good con-
dition.

Checking the antenna installation and pitch Check whether the antenna is tightly fixed and whether
angle and azimuth of each directional an- its pitch angle and azimuth are in the range required
tenna in network planning using proper tools, for example,
wrench and angle instrument.

Checking the lightning grounding cable Check whether the lightning grounding cable is reliably
connected and whether the joints are free of rust.

Other descriptions:

Table 3-6 gives an annual maintenance record table for the ZXMBW R9110.

Table 3-6 Annual Maintenance Record Table

Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Maintained by:

Item State Remarks

Case cleanness □Normal□Abnormal

Temperature and humidity □Normal□Abnormal

Module running states □Normal□Abnormal

Voice service and data service □Normal□Abnormal

Power supply □Normal□Abnormal

Grounding system and lightning system □Normal□Abnormal

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Equipment name: Maintenance date:

Power of WDPA □Normal□Abnormal

Antenna feeder standing wave ratio □Normal□Abnormal

Grounding resistance and grounding cable □Normal□Abnormal

Feeder connectors, waterproof protec-


tion and grounding connection of lightning
grounding kit □Normal□Abnormal

Antenna installation and pitch angle and az-


imuth of directional antenna □Normal□Abnormal

Lightning grounding cable □Normal□Abnormal

Failure description and handling

Unsolved problems

Review of the person in charge

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Chapter 4
Troubleshooting
Table of Contents
Troubleshooting Definition ..........................................................................................4-1
Frequent Alarms.........................................................................................................4-1

4.1 Troubleshooting Definition


Definition
Troubleshooting refers to the procedures, which maintenance personal should perform to
remedy a potential source of failure. Procedures for remedying a failure, no matter it is a
part of routine or corrective maintenance are same after the potential source of failure is
identified.

Scope of this Manual


It is behind the scope of this manual to deal with actual repairs and adjustments of ZXMBW
R9110 equipments.
Example: Repairing of faulty units require special tools and repairing expertise, so it must
be carried out at appropriate place or manufacturing plant.

Handling Principle
The principle for handling these abnormalities is that, abnormalities that occur very
frequent must be dealt before the ones that occur less frequently.

4.2 Frequent Alarms


4.2.1 No WTRX Detected
Perform the following steps to clear this alarm.

1. Check whether the WTRX board is inserted properly and the cables are connected
firmly.
2. If the alarm still persists, replace the WTRX board.

4.2.2 No WRFE Detected


Perform the following steps to clear this alarm.

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1. Check whether the WRFE board is inserted properly and the cable connections are
firm.
2. If the alarm still persists, replace the WRFE board.

4.2.3 No WDPA Detected


Perform the following steps to clear this alarm.
1. Check whether the WDPA board is inserted properly and the cables are firmly
connected.
2. If the alarm still persists, replace the WDPA board.

4.2.4 Inconsistent Board Type


Perform the following steps to clear this alarm.
1. Modify the configuration in OMC.
2. If the problem still persists, change the corresponding board in the rack.

4.2.5 PA is Abnormal
This alarm occurs because of any of the following reasons.
l PA is not plugged.
l Communication with PA is abnormal
l VSWR is abnormal.
There are two options to clear this alarm. They are:
1. The 802.16e BTS side has to inform the OMC to maintain PAs.
2. Replace the WDPA board.

4.2.6 VSWR Alarm


Context
A VSWR alarm appears in the OMC system.
The cause may be:
1. The feeder connector is loosed.
2. The feeder is watered.
3. The feeder is improperly routed.

Steps
1. Check whether the feeder connectors are in good contact. If no, tighten them.
2. Check whether the feeder is properly waterproofed and whether it is watered. If the
feeder is watered, properly waterproof it according to the specification after it gets
air-dry.

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3. Test the standing wave ratio of the feeder with a standing wave ratio tester. The
standing wave ratio should be less than 1.3. Otherwise the feeder should be replaced.
– End of Steps –

4.2.7 PA Shutdown Alarm


Context
A PA shutdown alarm appears in the OMC alarm interface.
The cause may be:

1. High standing wave ratio results in the WDPA protective shutdown.


2. The WDPA is faulty.

Steps
1. Check whether a concurrent VSWR alarm exists. If yes, clear the VSWR alarm first.
2. Enable the PA through the OMC client to check whether the PA can be started normally.

3. View the scaling attenuation value in the OMC client to check whether the value is too
low.
4. If the alarm remains, replace the 802.16e BTS.

– End of Steps –

4.2.8 No 802.16e BTS Detected


Context
A No 802.16e BTS Detected alarm appears in the OMC alarm interface.
The cause may be that:
1. The physical link between the 802.16e BTS and Indoor Supplementary Component is
broken due to a fiber failure or a trunk failure.
2. The 802.16e BTS power supply is faulty, resulting in 802.16e BTS power-off.
3. Board type configuration is wrong or the running version of a board is inconsistent with
that in the Indoor Supplementary Component.
4. An 802.16e BTS internal module is faulty.

Steps
1. Check the physical link between the 802.16e BTS and Indoor Supplementary
Component.
2. Check the power supply of the 802.16e BTS.

3. Check the board type configuration in OMC and board type consistency.

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4. If all checks above are OK, one or more 802.16e BTS internal modules are abnormal.
Reset the 802.16e BTS.
5. If the failure remains, replace the 802.16e BTS.
– End of Steps –

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Chapter 5
Common Operations
Table of Contents
Starting the Server .....................................................................................................5-1
Viewing Alarm Summary through Monitoring Window.................................................5-2
Acknowledging and Deleting Active Alarms ................................................................5-3
Quickly Querying Alarm Information ...........................................................................5-4
Customizing Alarm Query Conditions .........................................................................5-7
Exporting Cleared Alarm Information ..........................................................................5-9
Setting Forwarding Rule ...........................................................................................5-10
Collecting Alarm Statistic by Alarm Code..................................................................5-13
Collecting Alarm Statistics by NE..............................................................................5-14
Collecting Alarm Statistics by Time...........................................................................5-16
Customizing Alarm Statistics ....................................................................................5-18
Viewing Board CPU Usage.......................................................................................5-21
Querying Original Performance Data ........................................................................5-24
Collecting Service Data ............................................................................................5-26
Saving Signaling and Global Data ............................................................................5-29
Customizing Auto-Test Task .....................................................................................5-30
Spectrum Analysis....................................................................................................5-33
Auto Calibration........................................................................................................5-35

5.1 Starting the Server


Steps
l On the desktop of the host, Starting the server in the Start > Program.
The NetNumen(TM) Console window appears, as shown in Figure 5-1. UMS service
is starting.. shows in the Detailed Specification pane means the main control and
management service UMS which consists of a series of modules is starting.

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Figure 5-1 Server Console

Note:
All the service will start automatically when you open the service console. When a
service is being started the stop button which use to stop the service is not available.

– End of Steps –

5.2 Viewing Alarm Summary through Monitoring


Window
Prerequisites

Context
The monitoring window presents bar charts to display alarm information, facilitating routine
maintenance. Alarm monitors can be customized. The system provides seven monitors
by default to monitor all events, last 10 minutes, escalated, repeated , acknowledged ,
OMC status and dry contact.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to open the Alarm
Management window.

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2. Click corresponding node in the left pane of the Alarm Management window and all
the bar-type monitors are displayed in the right pane.
3. Select an alarm type by clicking a All drop-down menu.
The operation is as shown in Figure 5-2.

Figure 5-2 Selecting an Alarm Type

4. From the Alarm Management window, click the View button to display the summary
alarm information in the right pane.
– End of Steps –

5.3 Acknowledging and Deleting Active Alarms


Short Description
This section describes how to acknowledge and delete active alarms.

Steps
1. Acknowledge one or more active alarms.

a. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to open the Alarm
Management window.
b. Click Rack in the left pane of the Alarm Management window and a rack diagram
appears in the right pane.
c. Click the Active Alarms tab to view the alarm list.

d. Right-click one or more alarm messages and choose Acknowledge from the
shortcut menu. The Acknowledge dialog box appears.

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Note:
Only the alarms that are not acknowledged can be acknowledged.
An acknowledged alarm message contains acknowledge time and the one who
acknowledged this message. Meanwhile, the Acknowledge option is checked.
To select multiple alarms, press Shift and click any two alarm messages at the
same time and all alarm messages between the two messages will be selected,
or press Ctrl and click the alarm messages that you want to choose one by one
at the same time to select multiple messages.

e. Click Acknowledge.
2. Delete active alarms. From the Active Alarms tab, right-click one or more alarms and
choose Delete Alarm from the shortcut menu.
– End of Steps –

Result
Acknowledged active alarms and deleted the alarm which was acknowledged.

5.4 Quickly Querying Alarm Information


Short Description
This section describes how to quickly query active alarms, history alarms, and alarm
notifications. The query window contains common query conditions so that users can
set the conditions efficiently. In this section, active alarms are queried as an example of
quickly querying alarm information.

Context
The alarm fast query function organizes the database query statement based on the query
conditions specified by the user, sends the query command to the server, and then displays
the query result in the window.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Query > Quick Query > Query Active Alarms to display the Query Active
Alarms window.
3. Click the Location tab, and set the target query parameters. Table 5-1 shows the
description of the parameters.

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Table 5-1 Location Parameter Description

Parameter Description

System type Indicates the system type of the alarm

Location Indicates the location of the alarm

Visibility Indicates the visibility of the alarm. For a visible alarm, the
attribute is available. For a masked alarm, the attribute is
unavailable

4. Click the Code tab, and set Alarm code and Reason code, as shown in Figure 5-3.

Figure 5-3 Code

Note:
The available items in Alarm code and Reason code are determined by System type
in step 3.

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5. Click the Other Conditions tab, and set the target query conditions, as shown in
Figure 5-4.

Figure 5-4 Other Conditions

Table 5-2 shows the description of the parameters.

Table 5-2 Parameter Description of Other Conditions

Parameter Description

Occurrence time Indicates the time when the alarm is generated

Acknowledge time Indicates the time when the user acknowledges the alarm

Severity Indicates the severity of the alarm

Type Indicates the type of the alarm

Acknowledge state Indicates whether the alarm has been acknowledged by the user

6. Click OK to display the query result, as shown in Figure 5-5.

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Figure 5-5 Active Alarm Query Result

– End of Steps –

Follow-Up Action
l Click on the toolbar to save the query result to a file.
l Click on the toolbar to print the query result.
l Click on the toolbar to set the query conditions again.
l Click on the toolbar to refresh the query result.

5.5 Customizing Alarm Query Conditions


Short Description
This function is to save common query conditions so that users can query alarm information
based on the saved conditions without repeatedly specifying query conditions.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

Context
The following functions are provided.
l Adding an alarm query condition: Saves an alarm query condition to the server for
later use.
l Deleting an alarm query condition: Deletes a useless alarm query condition from the
server.
l Modifying an alarm query condition: Modifies an alarm query condition as required.
l Using an alarm query condition: Query active alarms, cleared alarms or alarm
notifications based on a saved alarm query condition.

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Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Operation > SQL Statement Management to display the SQL Statement
Management window.
3. Click button to display the New dialog box, as shown in Figure 5-6. Set the
parameters and click OK to save the alarm query condition.

Figure 5-6 Creating New Alarm Query Condition

4. Delete an alarm query condition.


a. Open the SQL Statement Management window.
b. Select the alarm query condition to be deleted and click button or right-click the
required alarm query condition and choose Delete.
c. In the deletion confirm dialog box, click OK to delete the alarm query condition.
5. Modify an alarm query condition.
a. Open the SQL Statement Management window.
b. Select the alarm query condition to be modified and click button to display the
alarm query condition modification dialog box. You can modify all the parameters
except for the alarm query condition name.
c. After the modification, click OK to save the modification result.
6. Use an alarm query condition.
a. Open the SQL Statement Management window.

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b. Select the alarm query condition to be used, right-click and choose Query > Active
Alarms.

Note:
The method for query cleared alarms and alarm notifications are similar.

– End of Steps –

5.6 Exporting Cleared Alarm Information


Short Description
Exporting cleared alarm information is to export the queried cleared alarms into a text or
Excel file for later query, copying, analysis, and report generation.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to open the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Query > Quick Query > Query Cleared Alarms to display the Query Cleared
Alarms dialog box.
3. Specify the query conditions in the Location, Time, Code and Other Conditions tabs.
4. Click OK and the system returns to the Query Cleared Alarms window which displays
the query result, as shown in Figure 5-7.

Figure 5-7 Cleared Alarm Query Result

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5. Click button to display the Export Original Data dialog box, as shown in Figure 5-8.

Figure 5-8 Exporting Original Data

6. Set the parameters in the Export Original Data dialog box, and then click OK to
display the Save dialog box. Specify the path to which you want to save the file and
specify the file format (text or Excel).
7. Click Save. After data saving is complete, a message dialog box is prompted showing
that data saving is successful.

If the file name already exists in step 6, the system prompts whether to overwrite the
existing file.
– End of Steps –

Result
Cleared alarm information was exported.

5.7 Setting Forwarding Rule


Short Description
A lot of alarm information is reported during equipment operation. Some alarm messages
are very useful for equipment maintenance and need to be automatically sent to the
relevant personnel.

Context
The alarm mail notification function defines an alarm condition and an Email address.
When detecting an alarm that satisfies the condition, the system generates a mail in a
certain format and sends it to the specified mail box through a mail proxy server.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.

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2. Choose Rules > Forwarding Rule Management to display the Forwarding Rule
Management window.
3. Right–click a rule whose rule name is Email and choose Modify from the shortcut
menu. The Modify Rule dialog box appears, as shown in Figure 5-9.

Figure 5-9 Modifying Rules

4. Specify mail notification conditions in the Condition tab.


5. Specify mail notification parameters in the Parameter tab, as shown in Figure 5-10.

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Figure 5-10 Modifying Rule Parameters

a. Click Modify in the Parameter tab and the Properties Edit dialog box appears, as
shown in Figure 5-11. Set mail agent server parameters in the dialog box. Table
5-3 describes these parameters.

Figure 5-11 Editing Properties

Table 5-3 Properties Edit

Parameter Description

SMTP server Specifies the IP address of the mail proxy server.

SMTP port Specifies the port of the mail proxy server.

Mail sender Specifies the name of the mail sender.

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b. The Add, Modify and Delete icons in the Parameter tabs can be used to add,
modify and delete contents of the mail list.
– End of Steps –

Result
With the set mail notification rule, the system generates a mail in a certain format and
sends it to the specified mail box through a mail proxy server when detecting an alarm
satisfying the rule.

5.8 Collecting Alarm Statistic by Alarm Code


Short Description
There are a large number of cleared alarms, so it is difficulty for the user to find out useful
information of the large number of cleared alarms. To help the user to analyze the large
number of cleared alarms so as to find out useful information, the OMM provides the alarm
measurement and analysis function. Measuring alarms based on alarm code helps the
maintenance personnel to know which alarm occur frequently so as to understand what
types of problems the system suffers.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

Context
Alarm measurement and analysis function adopt a mode similar to data mining. It
measures and analyzes the cleared alarms in the database to find out useful information.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By Alarm Code > Top 10 to display the
Analysis window, as shown in Figure 5-12.

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Figure 5-12 Ten Most Frequent Alarm Codes

3. Click button or press <Alt+B> to display the statistics result in a graph.


4. Click button or press <Alt+D> to display all the cleared alarms of this code.
5. To view 50 most frequent alarm codes, choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By
Alarm Code > Top 50.
6. To view 100 most frequent alarm codes, choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By
Alarm Code > Top 100.
– End of Steps –

Result
Viewed 10, 50 and 100 most frequent alarm codes.

5.9 Collecting Alarm Statistics by NE


Short Description
There are a large number of cleared alarms, so it is difficulty for the user to find out useful
information of the large number of cleared alarms. To help the user to analyze the large
number of cleared alarms so as to find out useful information, the OMM provides the
alarm measurement and analysis function. Measuring alarms based on NE helps the
maintenance personnel to know on which NEs alarms are generated most frequently
strengthen monitoring on the NEs.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

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Context
Alarm measurement and analysis function adopt a mode similar to data mining. It
measures and analyzes the cleared alarms in the database to find out useful information.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By NE > Top 10 to display the Analysis window
as shown in Figure 5-13.

Figure 5-13 Top 10 NEs

3. Click button or press <Alt+B> to display the statistics result in a graph, as shown
in Figure 5-14.

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Figure 5-14 Statistics Result Displayed in Graph

4. Select a record and click button or press <Alt+D>. All the cleared alarms that are
generated on the NE are displayed.
5. To view the top 50 NEs on which alarms are generated most frequently, choose
Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By NE > Top 50.
6. To view the top 100 NEs on which alarms are generated most frequently, choose
Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By NE > Top 100.
– End of Steps –

Result
Viewed the top 10, top 50 and top 100 NEs on which alarms are generated most frequently.

5.10 Collecting Alarm Statistics by Time


Short Description
There are a large number of cleared alarms, so it is difficulty for the user to find out useful
information of the large number of cleared alarms. To help the user to analyze the large
number of cleared alarms so as to find out useful information, the OMM provides the
alarm measurement and analysis function. Measuring alarms based on time helps the
maintenance personnel to know the period when alarms are generated frequently so as to
strengthen monitoring during the period.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

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Context
Alarm measurement and analysis function adopt a mode similar to data mining. It
measures and analyzes the cleared alarms in the database to find out useful information.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > By Time > By Hour to display the Analysis
window, as shown in Figure 5-15.

Figure 5-15 Alarm Statistics by Hour

3. Click button or press <Alt+B> to display the statistics result in a graph, as shown
in Figure 5-16.

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Figure 5-16 Statistics Result Displayed in Graph

4. Select a record and click button or press <Alt+D>. All the cleared alarms that are
generated in this period of time are displayed.
5. To view the dates when alarms are generated frequently, choose Analysis > Alarm
Analysis > By Time > By Date.

6. To view the weeks when alarms are generated frequently, choose Analysis > Alarm
Analysis > By Time > By Week.
– End of Steps –

Result
Viewed alarms with different cycle.

5.11 Customizing Alarm Statistics


Short Description
There are a large number of cleared alarms, so it is difficulty for the user to find out useful
information of the large number of cleared alarms. To help the user to analyze the large
number of cleared alarms so as to find out useful information, the OMM provides the
alarm measurement and analysis function. The function includes three measurement and
analysis modes (by alarm code, by NE, and by time). The user can also customize the
measurement and analysis mode.

Prerequisites
The ZXMBW R9110 server should be running and the client has accessed the server.

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Context
Alarm measurement and analysis function adopt a mode similar to data mining. It
measures and analyzes the cleared alarms in the database to find out useful information.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Alarm Management to display the Alarm
Management window.
2. Choose Analysis > Alarm Analysis > Statistic to display the Analysis window.
3. Click button on the toolbar or press <Alt+A> to display the Add Statistic window,
as shown in Figure 5-17.

Figure 5-17 Add Statistic

4. On the Stat. Parameter tab of the Add Statistic dialog box, specify the occurrence
times or average period for Stat. indicator and set the statistics object (alarm code,
location, severity, alarm type, or time).
l Alarm measurement and analysis is conducted based on the option specified in
the Stat. indicator pane.

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l Alarm measurement and analysis measures the index specified in Stat. Object
pane, obtains the index values and then sort them.
5. On the Stat. Range tab in the Add Statistic dialog box, set the parameters, as shown
in Figure 5-18.

Figure 5-18 Statistics Range

6. Specify a name and click OK. The customized measurement and analysis mode is
saved for later use.
7. After the measurement and analysis conditions are set, you can start measurement
and analysis, and then query the statistics result, as shown in Figure 5-19.

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Figure 5-19 Customized Statistics Result

– End of Steps –

Result
Viewed alarm result which has customized.

Follow-Up Action
After finish the statistic configuration, click Export as Task in Add Statistic dialog box
can save those setting into a task template which will be added to the Alarm Stat. Task
management list. Also, you can create a statistic task by Alarm Stat. Task management.
In the Alarm Management view, select Analysis > Alarm Analysis > Statistic Task
menu to open Alarm Stat. Task management window.

5.12 Viewing Board CPU Usage


Short Description
This function is helpful to conveniently observe the CPU usages of boards.

Context
The diagnosis management module sends a command to observe the CPU of a specified
board, requiring to report the CPU usage of the board every 2 seconds to the network
management system for data analysis. The network management system presents a curve
to indicate the CPU usage.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Diagnosis Management to open the
Diagnosis Management window.
2. Select a 802.16e BTS node for CPU observation from the navigation tree in the left
pane.

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3. Choose Operation > CPU Observation to open the CPU Observation window, as
shown in Figure 5-20.

Figure 5-20 CPU Observation

4. Click button on the toolbar or choose Command > Set and the Set dialog box
appears, as shown in Figure 5-21.

Figure 5-21 Setting the Observation Object

5. Select a board to be observed and click OK.


6. Click button on the toolbar or choose Command > Start to start a CPU observation
process. The result is as shown in Figure 5-22.
l CPU observation can be performed on only one client at a time.
l Observation objects can be selected only once. If the same object is selected
repeatedly, the system will gives a message saying The observation task has been
created or is running in another window.

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l A maximum of 8 objects can be observed at the same time. To observe multiple


objects simultaneously, enable CPU observation tasks one by one. The longest
interval of starting observation tasks is 10 s.
l If the connection is broken during a CPU observation, the system will give a noti-
fication.

Figure 5-22 CPU Observation Result

7. Click button on the toolbar or choose Command > Option and the Option dialog
box appears, as shown in Figure 5-23.
l Save overthreshold data: Save only the CPU usage data that exceeds the
threshold.
l Save all data: Save all data of the CPU usage.
l Do not save any data: Do not save any data of the CPU usage.
l Threshold information: Set a CPU usage threshold, which is a global threshold.

Figure 5-23 Setting CPU Usage Data Save Mode and Threshold

8. Click button on the toolbar or choose Command > Query History Data and the
Query History Data dialog box appears, as shown in Figure 5-24.
l Only the history CPU usage data of the object that is being observed can be
queried.
l Only the top 1000 records meeting the conditions can be queried.

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l History data can be saved as a text file or an Excel file.


l If no result is available, the system will give a message saying no data to save
when you click Save.

Figure 5-24 Querying History CPU Usage Data

– End of Steps –

5.13 Querying Original Performance Data


Short Description
This function is helpful to query performance data collected by the performance module
according to the customized conditions.

Context
The performance module supports query by NE location and query by time and group
query. Performance objects and indices can be customized.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Performance Management to open the Performance Management
window.

2. Choose Performance Management > Query Raw Data to open the Query Raw Data
window.

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3. Choose Query by Performance Object from the drop-down list in the Query
Condition tab and click Advanced. The Advance window appears, as shown in
Figure 5-25.

Figure 5-25 Advanced Query

4. Set query conditions in Select position, Select date, Select hour interval, Select
performance object attributes and specify group query conditions, as shown in
Figure 5-26.

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Figure 5-26 Setting Query Conditions

5. Click OK to return to the Query Raw Data window.


6. Click Local Query to display the query result.
– End of Steps –

5.14 Collecting Service Data


Short Description
The signaling and data collection function is to trace signaling and data over various
interfaces such as R1 and R6, monitor initial access, traffic flows, release and handoff
procedures in real time and provide user level or NE level success/failure causes,
resource occupation and other key information.

Prerequisites
l The ZXMBW R9110 client has been started and has logged on to the server.
l Signaling and global data have been collected.

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Context
Configure the task to be observed in the , including the NE whose data has been
collected, service options, user's MAC address, cell number and segment number and
then synchronize the task to the service analysis tool. The NE agent judges and filters
the task and sends the data reported by services to the to resolve, display and save.

Steps
1. Choose Views > System Tools > Service Analysis to open the Service Analysis
window.
2. Click or choose Service Analysis > Service Data Collection to open the Service
Data Collection window.
3. Select NE.
a. Click button or choose Operation > Select NE to open the Select NE window.

b. On the topology tree in the left pane, select NE and click button, the NE which
was selected appear in the right pane.
c. Click OK, select NE is completed.
d. Delete NE. select NE in the right pane and click button.
4. Choose service item in the Service ltem tab.

5. Input filter parameter in the Filter Parameter pane.


6. Input user which need tailed in the MAC address, click Insert, add user which need
observed.

Note:
l This filter parameter is not obligatory.
l Collecting Data must before Input MAC address.
l Click the drop-down menu to the right side of MAC address to check all input
MAC addresses. You can query these MAC addresses using key word filtering,
or copy and paste them. This feature helps to significantly increase the monitoring
task creation efficiency when some terminals need to be traced repeatedly.

7. Select an NE in NE drop-down list and click add to add it to the candidate box below.

Note:
This filter parameter is not obligatory.

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8. Set Task time and Auto save option in the Common Setting pane, as shown in
Figure 5-27.

Figure 5-27 Common Setting

Note:
Defaulted Max. duration is one hour. Task will pause, when Max. duration arrive. The
files which auto saved have been saved in ums-svr\rundata\zxcomc\cbwa\sap
in the server,according tosession ID of client and IP of client.

9. Click button or choose Operation > Synchronize task, the Ordinary Work Mode
appear in the foot of Service Data Collection pane,as shown in Figure 5-28.

Figure 5-28 Ordinary Work Mode

Note:

NE Status will turn yellow from green, when task setting become. It represent task
becomed. User need synchronize task again.

– End of Steps –

Result
When subscriber station was connected and accorded with NE task which user setting, the
data appear in Signaling Access Service Flow Release Handoff and Pro-Handoffpane.

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5.15 Saving Signaling and Global Data


Short Description
The collected signaling and global data can be saved for further analysis.

Prerequisites
Signaling and global data have been collected.

Context
Configure the task to be observed in the OMC, including the NE whose data has been
collected, service options, user's MAC address, cell number and Segment number and
then synchronize the task to the service analysis tool NE agent. The NE agent judges and
filters the task and sends the data reported by services to the OMC to resolve, display and
save.

Steps
1. Choose Views > System Tools > Service Analysis to open the Service Analysis
window.
2. Click button or choose Service Analysis > Service Data Collection to open the
Service Data Collection window.
3. Double-click a data to be expanded in the Service Data table in right pane of the
Service Data Collection window to expand the data tree.
4. In the Service Data Collection window, click button or button on the toolbar or
choose Tools > Save All or Tools > Save Selected, the Save dialog box appears.
Enter a file name and click Save.

Note:
Service analysis support that file style be saved compressed file(.sap ) or text file (.txt).
l Compressed file has been opened by Serverice Data Reade.
l Text file has been opend by text editor.

– End of Steps –

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5.16 Customizing Auto-Test Task


Short Description
On the site, when the maintenance personnel want to learn the running of multiple boards,
they can customize a diagnosis task for auto test. In this way, the onsite information can
be obtains efficiently.

Context
Create a task for testing certain boards automatically through the task management
function in diagnosis test. You can set a period for the system to automatically start the
test.
Task Management provides two functions:
l Auto: The newly created task can be automatically executed according to the specified
time.
l Batch: A task can contain multiple board test tasks at a time.

Steps
1. Choose Views > Fault Management > Diagnosis Management to display the
Diagnosis Management window.

2. Choose Management > Task Management to open the Task Management window,
as shown in Figure 5-29.

Figure 5-29 Task Management

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3. Choose Command > New Task and the New Task dialog box appears.
4. Enter a task name and specify Period, Run time, Start date and End date, as shown
in Figure 5-30.

Figure 5-30 Creating a Test Task

5. Click OK. The new task is displayed in the task list of the Task Management window,
as shown in Figure 5-31.

Figure 5-31 Task List

Note:
l If the Status of a task is Idle, it indicates that the task is in the idle state and no
object is specified.
l If the Status of a task is Overtime, it indicates that the task execution time is
earlier than the current time.

6. Create test objects for the created task.

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a. Expand the node tree in the left pane of the window and select the required rack
node. The rack diagram is displayed in the right pane of the window. Select the
board to be tested, right-click, and then choose Add to Task to display the Select
Task dialog box.
b. In the Select Task dialog box, select the new task board auto-test task from the
Task List, and then click OK.
7. Open the Task Management view of Diagnosis management, select the new task
in the Task List. The new test object is displayed in the Test Object List, and the
Status of the object is Idle, as shown in Figure 5-32.

Figure 5-32 Test Object List

In the Test Object List, select the test object record, right-click, and then choose
Modify. Then you can view the selected board for the test. Right-click and choose
Delete, then you can delete the board selected for the test.
8. Select a test task in the Task List, right-click and choose Run to start the auto-test.
9. After the board test is complete, select the required object in the Test Object List,
right-click, and then choose Query Result to display the Period Board Test Result
window.

Note:
If the link break happens to the system, the test result shows timeout.

10. In the Board Test Result list, select the required board type. Then the detailed test
information is displayed in the Element Test Result list. The running states of the
boards are marked with different colors.
11. In the Board test time drop-down list, select different test time segments. Then you
can view the corresponding test results.

– End of Steps –

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5.17 Spectrum Analysis


Short Description
For broadband interference, you can make a judgment by observing RSSI. Therefore,
only narrowband interference is provided for spectrum analysis. Baseband analyses the
spectrum features of each symbol to determine whether interference exists. If interference
exists, the average value (sub-carrier number) at the peak value position (interference
position), variance with the peak value, and the percentage at which the threshold is
exceeded are reported to the OMC.

Prerequisites
The OMC client must be started and must have accessed the server.

Context
Spectrum analysis analyzes the spectrum features of each symbol within the
user-specified scan cycle. When the user-specified threshold is exceeded, the result is
reported to the OMC.

Steps
1. Choose Views > System Tools > RF Analysis to display the RF Analysis window.

2. Click button on the toolbar or choose RF Analysis > Spectrum Analysis. Then,
the Spectrum Analysis window is displayed, as shown in Figure 5-33.

Figure 5-33 Spectrum Analysis

3. Click button on the toolbar or choose Operation > Set. Then, the Set dialog box is
displayed, as shown in Figure 5-34.

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Figure 5-34 Settings

4. Set the parameters on the Spectrum Scan and Interference Analysis tabs, and then
click OK. Table 5-4 shows the description of the parameters.

Table 5-4 Spectrum Analysis Parameters

Parameter Description

Report working duration Indicates the working hours of baseband interference analysis.

Report period Indicates the report interval of baseband interference analysis.

PAPR threshold Indicates the threshold of the peak to average ratio. If the threshold
is exceeded, abnormality is reported.

Over PAPR threshold Indicates the percentage threshold for exceeding the peak to
average ratio. If the value is exceeded, abnormality is reported.

5. Click button on the toolbar or choose Operation > Start to start spectrum analysis.

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6. Click button on the toolbar or choose Operation > Stop to stop spectrum analysis.
7. Click the Log tab to view the operation result.
– End of Steps –

5.18 Auto Calibration


Abstract
During the automatic calibration process, the output power of the 802.16e BTS antenna
port is automatically adjusted to the target power specified by the user. When the 802.16e
BTS output power needs to be set according to the network planning personnel in the case
of new site provisioning or when the user is unsatisfied with the 802.16e BTS output power,
you can use the automatic calibration function to adjust the output power.

Prerequisites
l The OMC client must be started and must have accessed the server.
l The following nodes are added to the tree of the Configuration Management window:
district, WBTSB, radio parameter, cell, carrier, and segment.

Context
In the case of automatic calibration, change the 802.16e BTS target power to the power
required by the user in OMC configuration management, and then perform synchronization
between NE and OMC. For new site provisioning, you can set the target power when you
set the system parameters. Then, after the system is powered on, automatic calibration is
performed.

Steps
1. Set the target power.
a. Choose Views > Configuration Management to display the Configuration
Management window.
b. In the left pane of the Configuration Management window, select the 802.16e
BTS for which you want to set the target power.

c. Right-click the board and choose Configure WTRX Parameters to display the
Configure WTRX Parameters window.
d. In the Carrier configuration pane, select the carrier whose transmit power needs
to be modified, right-click and choose Modify Carrier, the Modify Carrier dialog
box is displayed.
e. In the Carrier power text box, input the required transmit power, and then click
OK.

2. Synchronize data.

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a. Click button on the toolbar to display the Synchronize data window.


b. Select the required node and click button on the toolbar. In the confirmation
dialog box that appears, click OK to start the synchronization.
3. Query and verify the calibration result.

a. Choose Views > System Tools > RF Analysis to display the RF Analysis
window.
b. Click button on the toolbar, the Radio Frequency Control window is displayed.
c. On the configuration tree of the Radio Frequency Control window, select the
required 802.16e BTS node and click button to query the transmit power. If the
query is successful, the query result is displayed, as shown in Figure 5-35.

Figure 5-35 Query Result

Note:
The calibration power takes Preamble power as its reference. Currently, the
calibration accuracy must be within -0.5 dB to +0.5 dB. Data power changes
along with service data, so it cannot act as the reference for calibration.

4. Perform processing in case of calibration failure.

a. In the configuration tree of the Radio Frequency Control window, select the
802.16e BTS node and click button or choose Operation > Calibrate. In the
Calibrate dialog box as shown in Figure 5-36, click Start.

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Figure 5-36 Calibration Settings

Note:
The target power of this calibration mode is the target power specified in physical
configuration. To change the target power, change it in configuration management.

b. If the retry fails, the cause of the calibration failure is displayed. In this case,
consult the technical support personnel.
– End of Steps –

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Figures
Figure 5-1 Server Console ........................................................................................ 5-2
Figure 5-2 Selecting an Alarm Type .......................................................................... 5-3
Figure 5-3 Code........................................................................................................ 5-5
Figure 5-4 Other Conditions...................................................................................... 5-6
Figure 5-5 Active Alarm Query Result ....................................................................... 5-7
Figure 5-6 Creating New Alarm Query Condition ...................................................... 5-8
Figure 5-7 Cleared Alarm Query Result .................................................................... 5-9
Figure 5-8 Exporting Original Data .......................................................................... 5-10
Figure 5-9 Modifying Rules ..................................................................................... 5-11
Figure 5-10 Modifying Rule Parameters .................................................................. 5-12
Figure 5-11 Editing Properties................................................................................. 5-12
Figure 5-12 Ten Most Frequent Alarm Codes.......................................................... 5-14
Figure 5-13 Top 10 NEs .......................................................................................... 5-15
Figure 5-14 Statistics Result Displayed in Graph .................................................... 5-16
Figure 5-15 Alarm Statistics by Hour....................................................................... 5-17
Figure 5-16 Statistics Result Displayed in Graph .................................................... 5-18
Figure 5-17 Add Statistic......................................................................................... 5-19
Figure 5-18 Statistics Range................................................................................... 5-20
Figure 5-19 Customized Statistics Result................................................................ 5-21
Figure 5-20 CPU Observation ................................................................................. 5-22
Figure 5-21 Setting the Observation Object ............................................................ 5-22
Figure 5-22 CPU Observation Result ...................................................................... 5-23
Figure 5-23 Setting CPU Usage Data Save Mode and Threshold ........................... 5-23
Figure 5-24 Querying History CPU Usage Data ...................................................... 5-24
Figure 5-25 Advanced Query .................................................................................. 5-25
Figure 5-26 Setting Query Conditions ..................................................................... 5-26
Figure 5-27 Common Setting .................................................................................. 5-28
Figure 5-28 Ordinary Work Mode ............................................................................ 5-28
Figure 5-29 Task Management................................................................................ 5-30
Figure 5-30 Creating a Test Task ............................................................................ 5-31
Figure 5-31 Task List .............................................................................................. 5-31
Figure 5-32 Test Object List .................................................................................... 5-32

I
ZXMBW R9110 Operation and Maintenance Manual

Figure 5-33 Spectrum Analysis ............................................................................... 5-33


Figure 5-34 Settings ............................................................................................... 5-34
Figure 5-35 Query Result........................................................................................ 5-36
Figure 5-36 Calibration Settings.............................................................................. 5-37

II
Tables
Table 1-1 Safety Symbols Description....................................................................... 1-2
Table 2-1 Maintenance Information Collection Table ................................................. 2-4
Table 2-2 Version Information Collection Table.......................................................... 2-5
Table 3-1 Monthly Maintenance Table ....................................................................... 3-2
Table 3-2 Monthly Maintenance Record Table........................................................... 3-3
Table 3-3 Quarterly Maintenance Items.................................................................... 3-4
Table 3-4 Quarterly Maintenance Record Table......................................................... 3-5
Table 3-5 Annual Maintenance Items ....................................................................... 3-6
Table 3-6 Annual Maintenance Record Table ............................................................ 3-7
Table 5-1 Location Parameter Description................................................................. 5-5
Table 5-2 Parameter Description of Other Conditions................................................ 5-6
Table 5-3 Properties Edit......................................................................................... 5-12
Table 5-4 Spectrum Analysis Parameters................................................................ 5-34

III
Tables

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Index
A
Alarm Query Customization.................. 5-8
Alarm Statistic .................................... 5-13

F
FCC
radiation exposure ............................ 1-2
rules ................................................. 1-1

M
Mail Notification of Alarms .................. 5-10

Q
Quickly Query....................................... 5-4

R
routine maintenance
definition ........................................... 3-1
description ........................................ 2-1
items................................................. 3-2

S
safety
antistatic wrist strap .......................... 1-5
discharge static electricity ................. 1-5
drilling holes...................................... 1-4
high voltage ...................................... 1-3
hoist heavy objects ........................... 1-5
human body...................................... 1-5
power supply .................................... 2-3
rack-mounting................................... 1-6
thunderstorm .................................... 1-4
unplug/plug a module........................ 1-6
Service Data Collection ...................... 5-27

V
Index

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Glossary
ASN
- Access Service Network
OMC
- Operation & Maintenance Center

VII