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SECTION : _______________________________________________________

TUTORIAL QUESTION:
1. Complete the following table:
Symbol No. of No. of No. of Net Charge
Protons in Neutrons in Electrons
Nucleus Nucleus
238
92 U
20 20 2+
23 28 20
89
39 Y
35 44 36
15 16 3-
53 2+
26 Fe
26 33 3+
85 125 86
13 14 10
76 54 2-

2. What amount (moles) are represented by each of these sample?


a. 150.0 g Fe2O3
b. 10.0 mg NO2
c. 1.5 X 1016 molecules of BF3
d. 20.0 mg caffeine, C8H10N4O2
e. 2.72 X 1021 molecules of ethanol, C2H5OH
f. 1.50 g of dry ice, CO2

3. Complete the following table


Mass of Sample Moles of Sample Molecules of Sample
4.24 g C6H6
0.224 mol H2O
2.71 × 1022 molecules of CO2
3.35 × 1022 molecules in CH3OH

4. Propane (C3H8) is used as a fuel. For 0.200 mol propane, determine:


a. Mass of propane
b. Mass of carbon
1
c. Molecules of propane present
d. Atom of hydrogen present

5. In 0.20 mol of phosphoric acid (H3PO4), determine:


a. No. of atom
b. No. of hydrogen atom
c. No. of oxygen atom

6. Calculate the molar mass of these compound:


a. Cl2
b. H2O2
c. (NH4)2SO4
d. Ba(NO3)2

7. Complete the following calculations with the correct no. of significant


figures.
a. 5.5 m + 0.781 m =
b. 13.563 L – 11 L =
c. 18.5 cm + 8 cm + 4.73 cm =
d. 39.0 g ÷ 25.82 mL =
e. 0.075 g ÷ 0.003 cm3 =
f. 3.15 dm × 4.0 dm =
g. 132 g + 10.00 g + 9.6 g =

8. Two students went into the lab and measured the volume of water in the
same graduated cylinder.
Student 1 Student 2
45.2 mL 43.9 mL
42.2 mL 43.5 mL
43.3 mL 43.8 mL

The teacher had actually placed 43.7 mL of water in the graduated


cylinder.
Which student’s measurement were more accurate?
Which student’s measurement were more precise?

9. Using the equation 2Al (s) + 6HNO3 (aq)  2Al(NO3)3 (aq) + 3H2 (g), answer
the following questions.
a. How many grams of Al react completely with 12.0 mol of nitric acid?
2
b. If 3.45 mol of Al reacts with excess nitric acid, how many grams of
Al(NO3)3 are produced?
c. How many grams oh H2 are produced from 15.7g of Al reacting with an
excess of nitric acid?
d. If 0.750 mol of Al(NO3)3 is needed, how many grams of HNO3 are
required if plenty of Al is available?
e. If 9.82 g of Al reacts with excess HNO3, how many grams of Al(NO3)3 are
made?
f. How many moles of Al are necessary to react completely with 65.3 g of
HNO3?
g. If 5.34 × 1023 atoms of Al are present excess nitric acid, how many
grams of H2 can be formed?
h. How many grams of Al are required to completely react with excess
nitric acid to form 13.0 g of aluminium nitrate?
i. If 5.34 × 1022 molecules of hydrogen gas are formed, how many atoms
of Al are needed?
j. How many grams of aluminium nitrate are formed if 10.0 g of nitric
acid reacts with excess aluminium?
k. If excess nitric acid reacts with 2.4 mol of Al, how many molecules of
hydrogen gas are formed?
l. What mass of Al is needed to fully react with 57.0 g of nitric acid?
m. Calculate the no. of grams of aluminium nitrate that can be formed if
excess Al reacts with 3.74 mol of nitric acid.
n. Calculate the moles formed of each product if excess nitric acid reacts
with 12.7 g of Al.
o. To form 374 mol of H2, how many atoms of Al are needed with excess
nitric acid?

10.Using the equation Zn (s) + 2HCl (aq)  ZnCl2 (aq) + H2 (g) and the
information given in each problem, determine which reactant is the
limiting reagent and how much zinc chloride (in grams) is produced in each
problem.
a. 2.50 g of Zn is added to 5.00 g of HCl.
b. 10.0 g of Zn is added to 10.0 g of HCl.
c. 16.3 g of Zn is added to 8.15 g of HCl.
d. 1.2 × 1022 atoms of Zn are added to 15.00 g of HCl.
e. 2.3 mol of Zn reacts with 2.3 mol of HCl.
f. 2.7 mol of Zn is added to 34.0 g of HCl.
g. 34.7 g of Zn is added to 3.42 × 1022 formula units of HCl.
3
h. 4.5 mol of Zn reacts with 12.3 g of HCl
i. 12.45 g of Zn reacts with 37.4 g of HCl
j. 3.7 × 1023 atoms of Zn are added to 4.7 × 1023 formula units of HCl.

11.If 5.25 g of nitrogen gas react with 7.52 g of hydrogen gas to make
ammonia in the reaction N2 (g) +3H2 (g)  2NH3 (g), answer the following:
a. What is the limiting reactant?
b. How much product is made?
c. How much leftover reactant is present?

12.In a reaction where 82.1 g of products is expected but only 46.3 g is


produced, what is the percent yield?

13.What is the percentage yield of Ag2CO3 if 25.0 g of AgNO3 reacts with 25.0
g of Na2CO3 according to the reaction 2AgNO3 (aq) + Na2CO3 (aq)  Ag2CO3
(s) + 2NaNO3 (aq) and 18.8 g of Ag2CO3 is actually produced?

14.Using Al2(SO4)3, find the following:


a. How many grams are in 3.00 mol of Al2(SO4)3?
b. How many moles are in 157 g of Al2(SO4)3?
c. How many formula units are in 157 g of Al2(SO4)3?
d. How many grams are in 9.72 × 1025 formula units of Al2(SO4)3?

15.If 2.4 mol of ammonia is made in reaction where 3.7 mol were expected,
what was the percentage yield?

16.Calculate the percentage yield if 34.0 g of a single product is expected but


only 26.9 g is formed.

17.If 42.6 g of ammonia is made in a reaction where 55.0 g is expected, what


is the percentage yield?

18.Calculate the no. of moles in 68.0 g of Na2S?

19.How many atoms of chlorine are present in 1.50 mol of chlorine gas, Cl2?

20.How many moles are in 32.0 g of SO2?