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MJC TUTION CENTRE

EXCRETION AND DEFECATION IN HUMAN

Excretion
1. Humans excrete.
2. Humans excrete to get rid of waste materials produced from the various activities of the
body.
3. The waste materials are toxic.
4. The waste materials can poison the body if they are not removed.
5. Therefore humans need to get rid of the waste materials to stay healthy.

Products of Excretion
1. When humans excrete, they produce:
(a) urine.
(b) sweat.
(c) water.
2. Urine, sweat and breathed out air contain substances, which are no longer needed by the
body.
3. These substances are excess water, mineral salts and urea.
4. Water is also excreted through breathing, sweating and through the urine.
5. When humans exhale, they give out air containing water.
6. The water is in the form of water vapour.
7. The humans excretory organs are the lungs, kidneys and skin.

Organ Excretory products


Lungs Carbon dioxide and water vapour
Kidneys Urine (Urea, water and mineral salts)
Skin Urea, water and mineral salts

Defecation

1. Humans need to defecate at regularly (at least twice a week)


2. Humans defecate to remove the undigested food materials from the body.
3. Faeces are solid materials which cannot be digested by the body.
3. The remnants of undigested food in the body can cause diseases. If these materials are not
removed from the body, they can turn toxic and harm the body, causing us to fill ill
4. Therefore humans need to get rid of the undigested food materials to stay healthy.

Products of Defecation

1. When humans defecate, they produce faeces.


2. Faeces is the food remnants which are not digested by the body.
3. Humans get rid the faeces through the anus.

MJC TUTION CENTRE


A. A process to get rid of faeces from the body
Humans excrete and defecate B. A process to get rid of excess water from the body
Circle the correct answer. C. A process to get rid of waste materials from the body
D. A process to get rid of carbon dioxide from the body.
1. What is meant by excretion?
2. Which of the following statements is true about A I and II only
excretion? B II and IV only
C I , II and III only
A Only some living things excrete D I, II, III and IV
B Excretion in humans does not involve lungs
C Humans excrete to get rid of waste materials from 6. Why humans need to excrete and defecate?
their bodies
D There will be no effect on human health if they do A To loss weight
not excrete B To become slim.
C To get rid of water from their bodies.
3. In the figure below, which is not a human D To get rid of waste materials from their bodies
excretory organ?
7. Humans produce faeces through the process of
……………..

A reproduction.
B excretion.
C respiration.
D defecation

8. Which of the following are the excretory organs of a


human?

I Heart
II Lungs
III Skin

A P B Q A I and II only
C R D S B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and I

9.The following are the waste products of humans .


4. What is the gas that humans excrete during
exhalation? Urine
Sweat
A Oxygen Water
B Carbon dioxide
C Nitrogen
D Helium These waste products are eliminated from the body
through the process of..
5. Which of the following are the products of human A. disposal
excretion? B. excretion
C. breathing
I Sweat D. defecation
II Urine
III Water 10 What is the waste material excreted by human’s
IV Faeces kidneys?
A Urine D Sweat
B Sweat
C Oxygen 15. Which of the following is matched wrongly?
D Carbon dioxide
Excretory organ Excretory matters
11. Excretory products are…
A Skin Water vapour,
urea
A the materials that are not digested. B Lungs Water vapour and
B the materials that are needed by the carbon dioxide
body. C Skin Water.urea,mineral
C the waste materials that are not salt
needed by the body. D kidneys Water, mineral
D the waste materials that are salt, urea
excreted through defecation.

12. Which of the following is not a product


of excretion? 16 What is the waste material excreted by skin ?

A Urine B Water A. Oxygen


C Sweat D Faeces B. Urine
C. Sweat
13. What is the gas we excrete from our body during
exhalation?
D. Carbon dioxide

A Oxygen B Carbon dioxide 17. When we breathe, we inhale gas X and exhale gas Y.
C Nitrogen D Helium Identify gases X and Y.

X Y
A Oxygen Nitrogen
B Nitrogen Carbon dioxide
C Oxygen Carbon dioxide
D Carbon dioxide Oxygen

14. The following figure shows a pair of excretory organs 1. What is meant by excretion?
in a human. What waste product is produced by the A. A process to get rid of faeces from the body
organs? B. A process to get rid of excess water from the body
C. A process to get rid of waste materials from the body
D. A process to get rid of carbon dioxide from the body.

2. Which of the following statements is true about


excretion?

A Only some living things excrete


B Excretion in humans does not involve lungs
C Humans excrete to get rid of waste materials from
A Urine their bodies
B Carbon dioxide D There will be no effect on human health if they do
C Water vapour not excrete
A Urine
2. In the figure below, which is not a human B Sweat
excretory organ? C Oxygen
D Carbon dioxide

2. Excretory products are…

A the materials that are not digested.


B the materials that are needed by the
body.
C the waste materials that are not
needed by the body.
D the waste materials that are
excreted through defecation.

3. Which of the following is not a product


of excretion?

A Urine B Water
C Sweat D Faeces
AP BQ
CR DS 4. What is the gas we excrete from our body during
exhalation?
3. Which of the following are the excretory organs of a
human? A Oxygen B Carbon dioxide
C Nitrogen D Helium
I Heart
II Lungs 5. The following figure shows a pair of excretory organs in
III Skin a human. What waste product is produced by the
organs?
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and I

4. The following are the waste products of humans .

Urine
Sweat
Water A Urine
B Carbon dioxide
These waste products are eliminated from the body C Water vapour
through the process of.. D Sweat
E. disposal
F. excretion 6. Which of the following is matched wrongly?
G. breathing
H. defecation Excretory organ Excretory matters
A Skin Water vapour,
State the products of human excretion urea
B Lungs Water vapour and
1. What is the waste material excreted by human’s carbon dioxide
kidneys? C Skin Water.urea,mineral
salt
D kidneys Water, mineral
salt, urea

The following are products of human excretion process


7. What is the waste material excreted by skin ? except
A carbon dioxide
E. Oxygen B sweat
C urine
F. Urine
D faece
G. Sweat
H. Carbon dioxide

8. When we breathe, we inhale gas X and exhale gas Y. 3 Which of the following are human excretory products?
Identify gases X and Y. I Urine III Sweat
II Mucus IV Faeces
X Y A I and II C II and III
A Oxygen Nitrogen B I and III D II and IV
B Nitrogen Carbon dioxide
C Oxygen Carbon dioxide
D Carbon dioxide Oxygen

1 Diagram 1 shows a part of the human body.


• State the products of human defecate

1. What is the product of defecation?

A Sweat Diagram 1
B Urine
C Faeces What is the waste product excreted through P?
D Carbon dioxide I Urea
II Water vapour
III Mineral salt
IV Carbon dioxide
A I and II C II and IV
• Gives reasons why humans need to excrete and B II and III D III and IV
defecate
2 What is the meaning of excretion?
1. The statement below refers to the life processes carried A The removal of urine from the body.
out by humans and animals. Humans and animals do B The removal of faeces from the body.
the above through the process of… C The removal of carbon dioxide from the body.
D The removal of waste products from the body.
I excretion.
II defecation.
III reproduction.

A I and II only B I and III only


C II and III only D I, II and III