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MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS

IN PAKISTAN

DARAWAT DAM SITE IN SINDH GHABIR DAM SITE IN PUNJAB

WINDER DAM SITE IN BALOCHISTAN NAULONG DAM SITE IN BALOCHISTAN

PAKISTAN WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY


WATER AND POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
Pakistan has a total 196.72 Million Acres area (MA) out of that 72.70 (MA) is cultivable.
The cultivated area (Irrigated & Barani) has come to 52.31 Million Acres, whereas 47.62
Million Acres is area under all sort of irrigation sources. (27 Million Acres is the area under
canal irrigation).

With large cultivable land base of 77 Million Acres (MA) of which only 27 Million Acres are
canal commanded, Pakistan still has the additional potential of bringing about 20.39 MA of
virgin land under irrigation.

Irrigated Agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan's economy which contributes 23% of GDP.
The Agriculture sector is the major user of water and its consumption will continue to
dominate the water requirements. Direct rainfall contributes less than 15 percent of the
water supplied to the crops. The major user of water for irrigation is the Indus Basin
Irrigation System. About 105 Million Acres Feet (MAF) out of 155 MAF of surface water is
being diverted annually for irrigation while around 48 MAF is pumped from groundwater.

With increased population, Pakistan is fast heading towards a situation of water shortage as
per capita surface water availability was 5260 cubic meters in 1951when population was 34
million, which reduced to 1038 cubic meter in 2010 when the estimated population is 172
million. The minimum water requirement to being a "water short country" is 1,000 cubic
meters. In the year 2012, Pakistan will be reaching a stage of" acute water shortage"

An annual average of over 35.2 MAF escapes below Kotri varying from 9 MAF to 92 MAF
and only 30.7 MAF from 1976-2010, which is mainly due to water shortage cycle. However
this surplus water in the river system is available in about 70-100 days of summer only
whereas for the remaining 9-months water shortage is observed which is met through
regulated supplies from Tarbela, Mangla & Chashma Reservoirs. To save and utilize
available water, construction of additional storage facilities is essential for sustainable
irrigated agriculture, which supports about 70% of the population of Pakistan.

It is an economically unsustainable fact that the total water storages capacity in the country
is only 15 MAF representing 13% of the total annual flows of 136 MAF. Countries in Asia,
Africa and the Americas have a storage capacity many times greater. To address this problem
the Government of Pakistan (GoP) is developing feasibility and detailed engineering studies
for nearly 20 MAF of water storage and 25,000 MW of hydel power. This is apart from
thermal power being developed by the private sector, Independent Power Producers (IPPs)
and the Government. Under the Presidential Initiative WAPDA has started the construction
of Medium Irrigation Dams in the country whereas Command Area Development will be
performed by PARC in collaboration with WAPDA and Provincial Governments by

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introducing High Efficiency Irrigation Techniques like Sprinkle, Drip Irrigation. The land in
Command Area will be distributed among women for the poverty alleviation and Area
Development by Provincial Government under poverty reduction scheme.

To facilitate the process of economic development and to ensure greater social stabilization
in Pakistan, it is imperative that employment creation and poverty reduction issues are
addressed on priority. Additional water storages and power generation would form the basis
of this strategy during the next decade. (Mega and Medium Dams).

To achieve the above objectives the GoP through WAPDA and the private sector plans to
concentrate on the following water and power projects in the next few years: (i)
Construction of large dams including Diamer-Basha Dam for Public/Private Partnership (ii)
Construction of Hydropower Projects (iii) Construction of Medium/ Small Water Storage
Dams (iv) Construction of Canals (v) Construction of Transmission Lines for dispersal of
Power from Hydropower Project to Load Centres of National Grid. These projects would
create additional water storages, generate cheap indigenously developed electricity and
prevent flood damages. All these measures would also ensure food security, employment
generation and above all poverty alleviation. To facilitate in financing of Medium Irrigation
Dam Projects, an MOU has been signed with China EXIM Bank to extend US $ 700 million
credit to Pakistan.

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CONTENTS

PROJECT PAGE
Darawat Dam Project 11

Ghabir Dam Project 16

Winder Dam Project 21

Naulong Dam Project 26

Nai Gaj Dam Project 31

Financing of Medium Irrigation Dams 36

Financial Requirements 37

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PARTICIPATORY PROSPERITY PROJECTS
MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS
OBJECTIVES
Development of 32 Medium Irrigation Dams across the country will help to
achieve following objectives:
l Storage of 4.9 MAF flood water.
l Irrigated agriculture development of more than one million acres of land
with high efficiency irrigation system to maximize benefits of available
land and water resources.
l Hydropower generation 52 MW.
l Socio-Economic uplift of remote areas of the country.
l Employment generation of about 43,000 jobs.
l Emancipation of women through allotment of developed irrigated land.

Storage Capacity Cropped Area Hydro Power


Phases
(MAF) (Acres) (MW)

Phase-I 2.9 616,148 46


Phase-II 2.0 394,400 6
Total 4.9 1,010,548 52

Gilgit-Baltistan

Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa
K

Occupied
AJ

Kashmir
TA
FA

Punjab

Balochistan

Sindh

4
32 MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS IN PAKISTAN
PHASE–I (2009–2013)
BALOCHISTAN
l Winder Dam (0.3 MW) US$ 148 M
l Naulong Dam (4.4 MW) US$ 377 M
l Hingol Dam (3.5 MW) US$ 311 M
l Garuk Dam (0.3 MW) US$ 21 M
l Pelar Dam (0.3 MW) US$ 20 M
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
l Daraban Zam Dam (0.75 MW) US$ 69 M
l Tank Zam Dam (25.5 MW) US$ 234 M
l Bara Dam (5.8 MW) US$ 167 M
PUNJAB
l Ghabir Dam (0.15 MW) US$ 121 M
l Papin Dam (0.2 MW) US$ 101 M
SINDH
l Nai Gaj Dam (4.2 MW) US$ 332 M
l Darawat Dam (0.45 MW) US$ 213 M
Phase-I – Estimated Cost = US$ 2114 Million

PHASE–II (2010–2014)
BALOCHISTAN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
l Sukleji Dam l Chaudwan Zam Dam
l Basol Dam l Sheikh Haider Dam
l Badinzai Dam l Chashmai Akor Dam
l Chowkas Dam
l Totakan Dam
l Kuhai Dam

PUNJAB SINDH
l Kot Fateh Dam l Salari Dam
l Mujahid Dam l Nali Dam
l Lawa Dam l Khenji Dam
l Mohra Shera Dam l Naing Dam
l Jamalwal Dam l Sita Dam Project
l Upper Makhi Dam
Phase-II – Estimated Cost = US$ 477 Million
5
MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS
SALIENT FEATURES OF PHASE–I PROJECTS
Sr. Dam Height Gross Storage Cropped Area Project Cost Project Cost
Name of Dam Location Power (MW)
No. (Ft) (AF) (Acres) (Rs in B) (US$ in M)
BALOCHISTAN
1 Winder Dam Lasbela 102 36,484 20,000 0.3 12.412 148
2 Naulong Dam Jhal Magsi 186 242,452 94,000 4.4 31.962 377
3 Hingol Dam Lasbela 179 1,405,000 80,000 3.5 26.463 311
4 Garuk Dam Kharan 184 50,695 26,000 0.3 1.790 21
5 Pelar Dam Awaran 132 66,900 16,000 0.3 1.692 20
SINDH
6 Nai Gaj Dam Dadu 194 300,000 80,000 4.2 28.153 332
7 Darawat Dam Jamshoro / Dadu 118 121,790 50,000 0.45 18.085 213

6
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
8 Tank Zam Dam D.I Khan 292 345,000 70,000 25.5 19.900 234
9 Bara Dam Khyber Agency 302 85,363 83,458 5.8 14.208 167
10 Daraban Zam Dam D.I Khan 154 69,739 30,690 0.75 5.828 69
PUNJAB
11 Ghabir Dam Chakwal 138 66,200 30,000 0.15 10.184 121
12 Papin Dam Rawilpindi 105 89,600 36,000 0.20 8.609 101
TOTAL: 2,879,223 616,148 46 179.286 2,114
2.9 MAF
MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS
SALIENT FEATURES OF PHASE–I PROJECTS
Sr. Dam Height Gross Storage Cropped Area Project Cost Project Cost
Name of Dam Location Power (MW)
No. (Ft) (AF) (Acres) (Rs in B) (US$ in M)
BALOCHISTAN
1 Sukleji Dam Jhal Magsi 110 42000 24,000 0.5 5.292 62
2 Basol Dam Pasni 50 50000 19,760 0.2 1.680 20
3 Badinzai Dam Zhob 140 800000 60,000 0.7 9.744 115
SINDH
4 Salari Dam Dadu - - 1,880 0.15 1.596 19
5 Khenji-Tarpan Dam Qambar - - 20,400 0.15 1.932 23
6 Naing Dam Dadu - - 22,800 0.3 1.932 23
7 Sita Dam Qambar/ Shahdadkot 113 54,400 17,040 0.3 4.331 51
8 Nali Dam Dadu - - 11,400 0.2 1.932 23

7
9 Upper Makhi Dam Dadu 80 23,247 9,500 0.3 -
KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
10 Chaudwan Zam Dam D.I. Khan 200 51835 34,752 0.4 4.116 48
11 Sheikh Haider Dam D.I. Khan NWFP 190 907000 36,778 0.4 3.780 44
12 Chashmai Akor Khel Dam Karak 103 7000 7,928 0.3 0.504 6
13 Chowkas Dam Malakand Agency 115 3500 7,000 0.2 0.336 4
14 Totakan Dam Malakand Agency 116 51800 34,752 0.3 0.336 4
15 Kuhai Dam Bunair Bunir 86 1300 2,300 0.35 0.252 3
PUNJAB
16 Kot Fateh Dam Attock 130 14127 10,000 0.3 0.672 8
17 Mujahid Dam Rawalpindi 95 7200 28,000 0.4 0.420 5
18 Lawa Dam Chakwal 96 11300 36,000 0.3 0.504 6
19 Mohra Shera Dam Gujar Khan 97 11800 8,000 0.2 0.588 7
20 Jamalwal Dam Chakwal 78 8600 2,000 0.15 0.588 7
TOTAL 2,045,109 394,400 6.10 40,535 477
2 MAF
MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS

INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT MODEL

l Land acquisition and resettlement.


l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the time Government of Sindh
of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.

l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.


l Construction of Conveyance System.
WAPDA
l Formation of District Steering Committees for each
Dam headed by DCO.

l Simultaneous development of Command Area with


Water for High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for
early and ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation Pakistan Agriculture
System (HEIS). Research Council (PARC)
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project Level. in Collaboration with
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at Project WAPDA / Government of
Level. Sindh
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

8
MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS
INTEGRATED COMMAND AREA DEVELOPMENT WITH HEIS
COST ESTIMATE
Sr. WINDER DAM DARAWAT DAM NAULONG DAM GHABIR DAM
DESCRIPTION
No.
Cropped Area 20,000 Acres 50,000 Acres 94,000 Acres 30,000 Acres
Command Area Development With HEIS Rate (Rs/ Acre) Amount (Rs. Million)
1 HEIS Development Cost 75000 750.00 1875.00 3525.00 1125.00

2 Farmer's Support (Plants, Seed, Tools etc.) 10000 200.00 500.00 940.00 300.00

3 Farmers Organization Support for ˜ 200 20.00 50.00 94.00 30.00

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Machinery (Planting, Harvesting,
Post Harvest Treatment, Grading etc.)

4 Agro Poly -Technique Institute ˜ 750 45.00 45.00 0.00 45.00

5 Agro Cognitive Centre ˜ 200 10.00 25.00 47.00 15.00

6 PARC Services 1500 75.00 188.00 353.00 115.00

7 Camp Office PARC ˜ 200 10.00 25.00 47.00 15.00

8 Watershed intervention ˜ 1000 100.00 250.00 470.00 150.00

9 Energy Efficient Booster Solar Pump 17000 340.00 850.00 1598.00 510.00
(Rs.170,000 per 10 Acres).

TOTAL 2150.00 5308.00 9894.00 3205.00


MEDIUM IRRIGATION DAMS
SALIENT FEATURES
Sr. Dam Height Gross Storage Cropped Area EIRR % PC-I
Name of Dam Location Power (MW) Remarks
No. (Ft) (AF) (Acres) (With HEIS) Cost
1 Darawat Dam Jamshoro/Dadu 118 121,790 50,000 0.45 15.89 Rs.18,097 M Project Awarded to
US$213 M M/s Sinohydro – MAJ
Contractor Mobilized

2 Winder Dam Lasbela 102 36,484 20,000 0.3 12.41 Rs. 12,412 M Project Awarded to
US$ 148 M M/s Techno Engg. –
RSW JV

10
3 Ghabir Dam Chakwal 138 66,200 30,000 0.15 13.60 Rs. 10,184 M Contract awarded to
US$ 121 M M/s Dongfang JV

4 Naulong Dam Jhal Magsi 186 242,452 94,000 4.4 12.20 Rs. 31,961 M Contract (ND – 01)
US$ 377 M awarded to M/s DESCON –
Zargoon JV.

5 Nai Gaj Dam Dadu 194 300,000 80,000 4.2 14.16 Rs. 28,152 M Tenders Invited on
US$ 332 M July 16, 2010

TOTAL: 766,926 274,000 9.50 Rs. 100,806 M


US$ 1191 M
DARAWAT DAM PROJECT
Participatory Prosperity Project

WAPDA

11
Darawat Dam Project
Darawat Dam is located across Nai Baran near Jhangri village in Jamshoro District. The dam
site is about 70 kms West of Hyderabad and 135 kms North East of Karachi and accessible
from Karachi - Hyderabad Super Highway. The command area falls in Thatta District.
l The President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan performed ground breaking of the project
on January 2, 2010.
l The Prime Minister, Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Deputy Prime Minister,
Peoples Republic of China graced the contract signing ceremony of the project with
their presence on June 9, 2010 during later's visit to Pakistan. The contract was signed
by the Chairman WAPDA and the Chairman, Sinohydro Corporation Ltd.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa

K
Occupied

AJ
Kashmir
TA
FA

Punjab

Balochistan

Sindh
DARAWAT
DAM SITE

Objectives
l Major objective of the Project is to conserve flood water of Nai Baran for irrigated
agriculture development of 50,000 acres cropped area with high efficiency irrigation
system (HEIS).
l Socio economic uplift of remote areas of Sindh.
l Women Emancipation.

12
Annual Benefits
On completion, the project will accrue Rs. 5,769 million per annum. These benefits relate to
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, flood mitigation, hydropower generation and carbon credit.

Employment Generation
The project will generate 4,450 (skilled and unskilled) employment opportunities during its
construction period of 36 months, while 128 (skilled and unskilled) employment
opportunities during its operational life.

Salient Features
Dam
Type Concrete Faced Rockfill Dam (CFRD)
Length 250 m (820 ft)
Top Width 15 m (480 ft)
Height 43 m (141 ft)
Gross Storage 147.46 MCM (119,546 Acre ft)
Dead Storage 39.82 MCM (32,283 Acre ft)
Live Storage 107.64 MCM (87,264 Acre ft)
Life of the Dam 100 Years

Spillway
Type of Spillway Broad Crested Weir with Flip Bucket
Conservation Elevation 111 m (364.17 ft)
Width of Spillway 152.50 m (500 ft)
Design Flood 5918.05 cumec (208,990 cusec)

Outlet Works
Type Vertical Intake
Size of Intake 2 m (6.56 ft)
Length of Tunnel/ Pipe 261 m (856 ft)

Irrigation System
Cropped Area 50,000 acres
Cropping Intensity 200 %
Main Pipeline 22,365 m
Minor MC-1 23,104 m
Distributaries 16,372 m

Access Road
Construction of 20 kms Access Road Linking Karachi-Hyderabad Super Highway with the
Dam site.

13
Project Cost
Rs. in Million US Million $
Dam, Structures and Conveyance Systems 7,555 89
Command Area Development with HEIS 5,855 69
Others (Admin, Engg, Land, IDC, etc) 4,687 55
Total 18,097 213

Project Economics
EIRR : 15.89
Benefit Cost Ratio : 1.57

Implementing Agencies
l Land acquisition and resettlement.
l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the time Government of Sindh
of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.
l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.
l Construction of Conveyance System.
WAPDA
l Formation of District Steering Committees for each
Dam headed by DCO.
l Simultaneous development of Command Area with
Water for High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for
early and ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation Pakistan Agriculture
System (HEIS). Research Council (PARC)
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project Level. in Collaboration with
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at Project WAPDA / Government of
Level. Sindh
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

Land Development Plan


Command area will be developed by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and
WAPDA as an integrated developed model.

Micro Irrigation System


Micro irrigation system based on drip and sprinkler irrigation system with hybrid seed
varieties would usher green revolution in the area by optimal use of land and water resources.

14
Cropping Pattern
Orchards, Vegetables, Cereals, Pulses and Fodder.

Hydropower Development
The project will also provide hydropower generation of 450 KW on completion.

Steering Committee
For the smooth execution of the project, a steering committee under the Chief Secretary
Sindh will be constituted comprising all the stake holders.

Project Contractor
M/s Sinohydro - MAJ JV.

Contract Cost (Dam, Structures and Conveyance System)


Rs. 7,555 Million (US $ 89 Million)

Satellite Imagery

15
GHABIR DAM PROJECT
Participatory Prosperity Project

WAPDA

16
Ghabir Dam Project
The Ghabir Dam Project is proposed across Ghabir Kas about 60km from Talagang and 9
kms from Danda Shah Bilawal in District Chakwal of Punjab Province.
l The President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan performed ground breaking of the project
on January 21, 2010.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa

K
Occupied

AJ
Kashmir
TA
FA
GHABIR
DAM SITE

Punjab

Balochistan

Sindh

Objectives
l Major objective of the Project is to conserve flood water of Ghabir river for irrigated
agriculture development of 30,000 acres cropped area with high efficiency irrigation
system (HEIS).
l Socio economic uplift of remote areas of Punjab.
l Women Emancipation.

Annual Benefits
On completion, the project will accrue Rs. 3,512 million per annum. These benefits relate to
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, flood mitigation, hydropower generation and carbon credit.

Employment Generation
The project will generate 2,380 (skilled and unskilled) employment opportunities during its
construction period of 36 months, while 70 (skilled and unskilled) employment
opportunities during its operational life.

17
Salient Features
Dam
Type Earth Core Rock fill Dam (ECRD)
Height 42 m (138 ft.)
Length 950 m (3117 ft.)
Crest Elevation 397 m (1303 ft.) AMSL
Hydrology
Catchment Area 417 sq km
Estimated mean Annual Run-off 38,428 AF
Mean Annual Rainfall 53 cm (21 inches)
Reservoir
Gross Storage 66,203 AF
Dead Storage 40,203 AF
Live Storage 26,000 AF
Life of Reservoir 30 years
Water Regulated from the Dam 17,998 AF/year
Spillway
Crest El. 391 m (1283ft) AMSL
Width 120 m (396ft)
Spillway Design flood 48,000 cusecs
Intake Structure
Irrigation Conduit Length 238.29 m (782 ft)
Max. Discharge 58.6 cusecs
Size of conduit 1.52 m x 1.52 m
Invert level at intake 384 m (1260 ft) AMSL
Irrigation System
Cropped Area 30,000 acres
Cropping Intensity 200 %
Designed discharge 58.6 cusecs
Length of Main Canal 14,000 m (45,920 ft)
Pumping Station at RD (06+500) 2 Pumps (Discharge 2.5 cusecs each pump)
Siphon 98 m (322 ft) long
No. of Minor Canals 2
Total Length of Minor Canals 12,000 m (39,372 ft)
Hydropower
Installed Capacity 50 kw
Environmental Mitigation
Land Acquisition 2,126 acres
Population Affected 159 Persons
Environmental compensation Rs. 128.393 million

18
Project Cost
Rs. in Million US Million $
Dam, Structures and Conveyance Systems 6,200 73
Command Area Development with HEIS 3,565 39
Others (Admin, Engg., Land, IDC, etc) 719 9
Total 10,184 121

Project Economics
EIRR : 13.60
Benefit Cost Ratio : 1.23

Implementing Agencies
l Land acquisition and resettlement.
l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the time Government of the Punjab
of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.
l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.
l Construction of Conveyance System.
WAPDA
l Formation of District Steering Committees for each
Dam headed by DCO.
l Simultaneous development of Command Area with
High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for early and
ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation Pakistan Agriculture
System (HEIS). Research Council (PARC)
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project Level. in Collaboration with
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at Project WAPDA / Government of
Level. the Punjab
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

Land Development Plan


Command area will be developed by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and
WAPDA as an integrated developed model.

Micro Irrigation System


Micro irrigation system based on drip and sprinkler irrigation system with hybrid seed
varieties would usher green revolution in the area by optimal use of land and water resources.

Cropping Pattern
Orchards, Vegetables, Cereals, Pulses and Fodder.

19
Hydropower Development
The project will also provide hydropower generation of 50 KW on completion.

Steering Committee
For smooth execution of the project, a Steering Committee under Chief Secretary Punjab
will be constituted comprising all the stake holders.

Project Contractor
M/S Dong Fang - Technical Associates - Habib Construction - JV

Contract Cost (Dam, Structures and Conveyance System)


Rs. 6,200 Million (US$ 73 Million)

Satellite Imagery

20
WINDER DAM PROJECT
Participatory Prosperity Project

WAPDA

21
Winder Dam Project
The Proposed Winder Dam Project is situated across Winder river about 100 km from
Karachi and 66 km from Uthal in District Lasbela, Balochistan. Quetta Karachi highway
passes near the command area and a metal road leads to the dam site.
l The President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan performed ground breaking of the project
on January 1, 2010.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa

K
Occupied

AJ
Kashmir
TA
FA

Punjab

Balochistan

Sindh
WINDER
DAM SITE

Objectives
l Major objective of the Project is to conserve flood water of Winder rive for irrigated
agriculture development of 20,000 acres cropped area with high efficiency irrigation
system (HEIS).
l Socio economic uplift of remote areas of Balochistan.
l Women Emancipation.

Annual Benefits
On completion, the project will accrue Rs. 2,350 million per annum. These benefits relate to
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, flood mitigation, hydropower generation and carbon credit.

Employment Generation
The project will generate 1,780 (skilled and unskilled) employment opportunities during its
construction period of 36 months, while 50 (skilled and unskilled) employment
opportunities during its operational life.

22
Salient Features
Hydrology
Catchment Area 355 sq miles
Mean annual rainfall 13.13 cm (5.17 inches)
Estimated Mean Annual Run-off 40,365 AF
Main Dam
Type Earth Core Rock fill Dam (ECRD)
Height 31 m (102 ft.)
Length 517 m (1696 ft)
Free Board 2.13 m (7 ft.)
Crest width 9.14 m (30 ft.)
Dyke A
Type Earth Core Rock fill Dam (ECRD)
Height 14.32 m (47 ft)
Length 387.38 m (1271 ft)
Fuse Plug
Height 7.5 m (24.6 ft)
Length 119 m (390.3 ft.)
Crest width 10 m (32.8 ft.)
Design Flood 108000 Cusecs
Reservoir
Gross storage capacity at El. 354.0 36,484 AF
Dead storage capacity 316 AF
Live storage capacity 36,167 AF
Life of Reservoir 32 Years
Water Regulated from the dam 28,000 AF/ year
Spillway
Width 155.5 m (510 ft.)
No. of gates 11 Nos. of 40 Ft. width x 21 Ft height
Length of stilling basin 56.4 m (185 ft.)
Design flood 152,000 cusecs (500 Years Frequency Flood)
Intake Structure
Irrigation Conduit Length 169.3 m (555.45 ft.)
Max. Discharge (Withdrawal) 50 cusecs
Size of conduit 6 ft. dia
Irrigation System
Cropped Area 20,000 acres
Cropping Intensity 200 %
Designed discharge 50 cusec
Length of Main Canal 19,978.7 m (65,550 ft.)
Distributaries 4 Nos
Total Length of Distributaries 16,080 m (52,742 ft.)

23
Hydropower Generation
Installed Capacity 300 KW
Environmental Mitigation
Land Acquisition 2310 Acres
Population Affected 100 Persons
Relocation of existing road 5.7 Mile (9.2 km)
Environmental compensation Rs. 20 million

Project Cost
Rs. in Million US Million $
Dam, Structures and Conveyance Systems 7,766 92
Command Area Development with HEIS 2,150 26
Others (Admin, Engg, Land, IDC, etc) 2,496 30
Total 12,412 148

Project Economics
EIRR : 12.41
Benefit Cost Ratio : 1.57

Implementing Agencies
l Land acquisition and resettlement.
l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the Government of Balochistan
time of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.
l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.
l Construction of Conveyance System.
l Formation of District Steering Committees for
WAPDA
each Dam headed by DCO.
l Simultaneous development of Command Area
with High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for
early and ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation
System (HEIS). Pakistan Agriculture
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project Research Council (PARC)
Level. in Collaboration with
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at WAPDA / Government of
Project Level. Balochistan
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

24
Land Development Plan
Command area will be developed by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and
WAPDA as an integrated developed model.

Micro Irrigation System


Micro irrigation system based on drip and sprinkler irrigation system with hybrid seed
varieties would usher green revolution in the area by optimal use of land and water resources.

Cropping Pattern
Orchards, Vegetables, Cereals, Pulses and Fodder.

Hydropower Development
The project will also provide hydropower generation of 300 KW on completion.

Steering Committee
For smooth execution of the project, a Steering Committee under Chief Secretary
Balochistan will be constituted comprising all the stake holders.

Project Contractor
M/S Techno Engineering - RSWI - JV

Contract Cost (Dam, Structures and Conveyance System)


Rs. 7,766 Million (US$ 92 Million)

General Layout

25
NAULONG DAM PROJECT
Participatory Prosperity Project

WAPDA

26
Naulong Dam Project
The proposed Naulong Dam will be located on Mula river at Sunth about 30 kms from
Gandava town in tehsil and district Jhal Magsi of Balochistan Province. Gandava is tehsil
head quarter as well as District head quarter of Jhal Magsi District.

Gilgit-Baltistan

Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa

K
Occupied

AJ
Kashmir
TA
FA

Punjab

NAULONG
DAM SITE

Balochistan

Sindh

Objectives
l Major objective of the Project is to conserve flood water of Mula river for irrigated
agriculture development of 94,000 acres cropped area with high efficiency irrigation
system (HEIS).
l Socio economic uplift of remote areas of Balochistan.
l Women Emancipation.

Annual Benefits
On completion, the project will accrue Rs. 7,586 million per annum. These benefits relate to
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, flood mitigation, hydropower generation and carbon credit.

Employment Generation
The project will generate 5,340 (skilled and unskilled) employment opportunities during its
construction period of 36 months, while 150 (skilled and unskilled) employment
opportunities during its operational life.

27
Salient Features
Hydrology
Catchment area at dam site 2,890 Sq. miles
Mean annual inflow at dam site 152,000 AF
Mean annual rainfall 8.9 inches
Probable maximum flood (PMF) 641,540 cfs
Routed PMF 639,210 cfs
Reservoir
Normal conservation level 730 ft.
Gross storage capacity 242,163 AF
Live storage capacity 199,956 AF
Dead storage capacity 42,207 AF
Mean total sediment load per year 3,286 AF/Sq. miles
Main Dam
Zoned earthfill dam:
Crest elevation 751 ft.
Height 186 ft.
Length 2,996 ft.
Auxiliary Dam
Zoned earth fill dam:
Crest elevation 751 ft.
Height 179 ft.
Length 1,574 ft.
Spillway
Type Orifice
Gates of size 40' x 30' 9 Nos.
Crest 675.00ft. a.m.s.l.
Design Discharge 467,507 cfs.
Irrigation System
Cropped Area 94,000 Acres
Cropping Intensity 200%
Fuse Plug Embankment
Two segments of confined sand
Length of each segment 165 ft.
Width of divide wall 10 ft.
Design Discharge 197,986 cfs
Power Tunnel and Penstock
Dia of Power tunnel 10 ft.
Dia of penstock 6 ft.
Powerhouse 1
No. of units 2
Maximum total output 2.6 MW
Annual Energy Generation 15.6 Gwh
Powerhouse 2
No. of units 2
Maximum total output 1.8 MW
Annual Energy Generation 11.0 Gwh
28
Project Cost
Rs. in Million US Million $
Dam, Structures and Conveyance Systems 15,431 182
Command Area Development with HEIS 9,953 117
Others (Admin, Engg, Land, IDC, etc) 6,577 78
Total 31,961 377

Project Economics
EIRR : 12.20
Benefit Cost Ratio : 1.57

Implementing Agencies
l Land acquisition and resettlement.
l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the Government of Balochistan
time of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.
l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.
l Construction of Conveyance System.
WAPDA
l Formation of District Steering Committees for
each Dam headed by DCO.
l Simultaneous development of Command Area
with High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for
early and ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation Pakistan Agriculture
System (HEIS). Research Council (PARC)
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project in Collaboration with
Level. WAPDA / Government of
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at Balochistan.
Project Level.
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

Land Development Plan


Command area will be developed by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and
WAPDA as an integrated developed model.

Micro Irrigation System


Micro irrigation system based on drip and sprinkler irrigation system with hybrid seed
varieties would usher green revolution in the area by optimal use of land and water resources.

Cropping Pattern
Orchards, Vegetables, Cereals, Pulses and Fodder.

29
Hydropower Development
The project will also provide hydropower generation of 4.4 MW on completion.

Steering Committee
For smooth execution of the project, a Steering Committee under Chief Secretary
Balochistan will be constituted comprising all the stake holders.

Project Contractor (Dam and Structures)


M/S Descon - Zargoon JV

Contract Cost (Dam and Structures)


Rs. 15,431 Million (US$ 182 Million)
* The Contracts for Electro-mechanical and Conveyance System are in process of award.

Project Layout

30
NAI GAJ DAM PROJECT
Participatory Prosperity Project

WAPDA

31
Nai Gaj Dam Project
The proposed Nai Gaj Dam will be constructed across the Gaj River in District Dadu, Sindh
Province. The damsite is at a distance of about 65 km to the north west of Dadu city.

NAI GAJ
DAM SITE

Objectives
l Major objective of the Project is to conserve flood water of Gaj River for irrigated
agriculture development of 57,600 acres cropped area with High Efficiency Irrigation
System (HEIS).
l Socio-economic uplift of the remote areas of Sindh.
l Women emancipation.

Annual Benefits
On completion, the project will accrue Rs 4,522 million per annum. These benefits relate to
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, flood mitigation, hydropower generation and carbon credit.

Employment Generation
The project will generate 4525 (skilled and unskilled) employment opportunities during its
construction period of 36 months, while 135 (skilled and unskilled) employment
opportunities during its operational life.

32
Salient Features
Hydrology
Catchment area at dam site 7,019 Sq. kms (2,710 Sq. miles)
Mean annual inflow at dam site 250,000 AF
Probable maximum flood (PMF) 745,360 cfs

Reservoir Reservoir
Normal conservation level El. 177.50 m (582.35 ft)
Gross storage capacity 0.37 BCM (0.30 MAF)
Live storage capacity 0.197 BCM (0.160 MAF)
Dead storage capacity 0.173 BCM (0.140 MAF)
Reservoir area 5,000 acres
Average annual sediment inflow 3,840 AF / Year
Life of Reservoir 100 Years

Main Dam Main Dam


Type Central Core Earthfill Dam
Crest elevation 184 m (603.67 ft)
Height 59 m (193.60 ft)
Length 1,137 m (3730.30 ft)
Top Width 10 m (32.8 ft)

Earthen Dykes Earthen Dykes


9 Nos. 2 on Left Abutment
7 on Right Abutment
Height 6 to 23 m (19.7 to 75.5 ft)

Spillway Spillway
Type Orifice RCC Gated
Bays each 13.4 m (44 ft) 15 Nos.
Crest El. 166.10 m (545 ft)
Design Discharge 674,200 cfs.

Irrigation System Irrigation System


Length of Canal 6.5 Km (4.0 miles)
Canal Capacity 8.4 cumecs (295 cusecs)
Gross Command Area 56,739 Acres
Cultivable Command Area 28,800 Acres
Cropped Area 57,600 Acres
Cropping Intensity 200%

Intake Structure Intake Structure


Type Cut & Cover Conduit
Design Discharge 14.15 cumecs (500 cusecs)

Pipe Line for Assured


Water Supply to Mancher Lake
Length 52 Km (32.3 Miles)
Diameter of Pipe 0.7 to 1.0 m
Discharge Capacity 1.41 cumecs (50 cusecs)

33
Power House
Rated Head 42 m
Maximum total output 4.2 MW
Annual Energy Generation 17.67 Gwh

Environmental Mitigation
Population Affected 600 Persons
Reservoir Area Houses 76 Nos.
Land Acquisition & Resettlement Cost Rs. 1.549 Billion

Project Cost
Rs. in Million US Million $
Dam, Structures and Conveyance Systems 16,922 199
Command Area Development with HEIS 1,944 23
Others (Admin, Engg, Land, IDC, etc) 9,286 110
Total 28,152 332

Project Economics
EIRR : 14.16%
Benefit Cost Ratio : 1.20:1

Implementing Agencies
l Land acquisition and resettlement.
l Allotment of State Land to landless women at the Government of Sindh
time of 1st Harvest for women emancipation.
l Construction of Dam & Allied Structures.
l Construction of Conveyance System.
WAPDA
l Formation of District Steering Committees for
each Dam headed by DCO.
l Simultaneous development of Command Area
with High Efficiency Irrigation System (HEIS) for
early and ensured benefits. (Drip / Sprinkler).
l Demand Based Irrigation System for ensured
availability of Water for High Efficiency Irrigation Pakistan Agriculture
System (HEIS). Research Council (PARC)
l Farmers Support (Plants, Seeds, Tools) at Project in Collaboration with
Level. WAPDA / Government of
l Farmers Organization Support for Machinery at Sindh.
Project Level.
l Agro Productivity Center at Project Level.
l Agro-Polytechnic Institute at Provincial Level.
l Catchment Area Development.

34
Land Development Plan
Command area will be developed by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and
WAPDA as an integrated developed model.

Micro Irrigation System


Micro irrigation system based on drip and sprinkler irrigation system with hybrid seed
varieties would usher green revolution in the area by optimal use of land and water resources.

Cropping Pattern
Orchards, Vegetables, Cereals, Pulses and Fodder.

Hydropower Development
The project will also provide hydropower generation of 4.4 MW on completion.

Steering Committee
For smooth execution of the project, a Steering Committee under Chief Secretary
Balochistan will be constituted comprising all the stake holders.

Satellite Imagery

35
Financing of Medium Irrigation Dams
BACKGROUND
The Government of Pakistan assign highest priority to construction of storage reservoirs for
harnessing the potential of available land and water resources for socio-economic uplift of
people of remote areas of the country.

The construction of 32 Medium Irrigation Dams has been planned to achieve the objectives.
For financing of construction of these dams an MOU was signed between EAD and China
Exim Bank during Secretary General to the President's visit to China on 19th June, 2009 to
provide a credit line of US$ 700 million to WAPDA for building of 32 Medium Irrigation
Water Reservoirs / Dams in Pakistan. The Buyer's Credit Loan Applications for Winder and
Darawat Dam Projects were submitted to China Exim Bank by Economic Affairs Division
(EAD) on March 13, 2009. The Buyer's Credit applications regarding Ghabir and Naulong
Dam Projects are under submission to Exim Bank through EAD.

The fund requirements for construction of Dams, Structures and Conveyance Systems by
WAPDA and Command Area Development by Pakistan Agriculture Research Council
(PARC) of the five (5) dams has been shown in the statement enclosed. The contracts for
dams, structure and conveyance systems have been finalized. Construction of Darawat and
Ghabir Dams has been awarded to Chinese Contractors Sinohydro and Dongfang
respectively. The Chinese Companies would be preferred for award of contracts regarding
development of Command Area of the Dams.

POINTS TO PURUSE
The Ministry of Finance and Commerce (MOF COM) and Exim Bank China may please be
pursued for the following actions:

l To Finalize the scrutiny of Buyers Credit Applications already submitted to the China
Exim Bank and provide terms of the Credit.

l Size of Buyer's Credit may be enhanced from US $700 million to US $850 million to
cope with the 70% financing of the estimated capital cost of the Dams in question.

36
Water and Power Development Authority
Medium Irrigation Dams
Financial Requirements
(Million US $)
Description Darwat Ghabir Winder Naulong Nai Gag Total

PROJECT COST

l Dam, Structures and 89 73 92 182 199 635


Conveyance System (By
WAPDA)

l Command Area 69 39 26 117 23 274


Development (By
PARC)

l Others* 55 9 30 78 110 282

Total 213 121 148 377 332 1,191


FINANCING PLAN

l GOP through PSDP / 55 9 30 78 110 282


Other donors

l Exim Bank

- Dam, Structures and 89 73 92 182 199** 635


Conveyance System
(Contract cost)

- Command Area 69 39 26 117 23 274


Development
(Contracts likely to
be awarded to
Chines Firms)
EXPENDITURE 5.9 1.2 5.9 1.2 1.8 16
(30/06/2010)
* Others include provisions for Engg. Admin, Land Acquisition, Resettlement, Security, Escalations,
Contingencies & IDC.
** PC - I cost (Tender invited on July 16, 2010).

37
WAPDA:
Striving for Green & Bright
Pakistan

Pakistan Water & Power Development Authority


Public Relations Division
WAPDA House, Lahore
Tel +92 42 99202633
email: pr@wapda.gov.pk
web: www.wapda.gov.pk