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CLASSIFICATION OF SHIELDING GASES (ISO 14175:2008)

Short term Components in nominal percentage of volume [%]


Low
Main Sub Oxidizing Inert Reducing
reactivity
group group
CO2 O2 Ar He H2 N2
1 100

I 2 100

3 Balance 0,5 ≤ He ≤ 95
a
1 0,5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 Balance 0,5 ≤ H2 ≤ 5
a
2 0,5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 Balance
M1
a
3 0,5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 Balance
a
4 0,5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 0,5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 Balance
a
0 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 Balance
a
1 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 Balance
a
2 3 < O2 ≤ 10 Balance
a
3 0,5 ≤ CO2 ≤ 5 3 < O2 ≤ 10 Balance
M2
a
4 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 0,5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 Balance
a
5 5 < CO2 ≤ 15 3 < O2 ≤ 10 Balance
a
6 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 0,5 ≤ O2 ≤ 3 Balance
a
7 15 < CO2 ≤ 25 3 < O2 ≤ 10 Balance
a
1 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 Balance
a
2 10 < O2 ≤ 15 Balance
a
M3 3 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 2 < O2 ≤ 10 Balance
a
4 5 < CO2 ≤ 25 10 < O2 ≤ 15 Balance
a
5 25 < CO2 ≤ 50 10 < O2 ≤ 15 Balance

1 100
C
2 rest 0,5 ≤ O2 ≤ 30
a
1 Balance 0,5 ≤ H2 ≤ 15
R
a
2 Balance 15 < H2 ≤ 50

1 100
a
2 Balance 0,5 ≤ N2 ≤ 5
a
N 3 Balance 5 < N2 ≤ 50
a
4 Balance 0,5 ≤ H2 ≤ 10 0,5 ≤ N2 ≤ 5

5 0,5 ≤ H2 ≤ 50 Balance

O 1 100
b
Z Gas mixtures with components, which are not listed in the table or gas mixtures with a of the specified range.

a For this classification Argon may be replaced partially or completely with helium.
b Two gas mixtures with the same Z-classification must not be replaced against each other.

Rev. 2017-11-02
EXAMPLE

Classification
For gas mixtures containing Designation
ISO 14175
6% carbon dioxide, 4% oxygen in argon M25 ISO 14175 – M25 – ArCO – 6/4
30% helium in argon I3 ISO 14175 – I3 – ArHe – 30
5% hydrogen in argon R1 ISO 14175 – R1 – ArH – 5
7,5% argon, 2,5% carbon dioxide in helium M12 ISO 14175 – M12 – HeArC – 7,5/2,5
0,05% oxygen in argon Z ISO 14175 – Z – ArO – 0,05
0,05% xenon (Xe), in argon Z ISO 14175 – Z – Ar+Xe – 0,05

TOLERANCES OF MIXTURES

Component gas nominal concentration [%] Allowed tolerances


>5 ± 10 % of the nominal
1 to 5 ± 0,5 % absolute
<1 Not specified in ISO 14175
EXAMPLE
An addition of 25 % CO2 nominal value shall not vary more than ± 2,5 % (from 22,5 % to 27,5 %)
An addition of 2,5 % oxygen shall not vary more than ± 0,5 % (from 2,0 % to 3,0 %)

PURITIES AND DEW POINT

Purity Dew point at Moisture


Main groups/gas % by volume 0,101 MPa ppm max.
minimum °C volume
I inert 99,99 -50 40
M1 a gas mix 99,9 -50 40
M2 a gas mix 99,9 -44 80
M3 a gas mix 99,9 -40 120
Ca carbon dioxide 99,8 -40 120
R reducing 99,95 -50 40
N nitrogen 99,9 -50 40
O oxygen 99,5 -50 40
NOTE For certain applications a higher purity and/or lower dew point may be recommended to avoid
possible oxidation and contamination

a Nitrogen: 1 000 ppm maximum

Rev. 2017-11-02