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Kecerdasan Buatan

Oleh :

Lalu Mutawalli
• Pengantar Kecerdasan Buatan
• Logika proposisional
• First-Order Logic
• Representasi Pengetahuan tertentu dan ketidakpastian
• Mempelajari Model Deterministik
• Supervised Learning, Unsupervised Learning and Reinforcement Learning
• Kemungkinan
• Pembelajaran mesin
• Jaringan Bayesian
• Jaringan syaraf
• Analisis Keputusan
• Mempelajari Struktur Model Probabilistik
• Pemodelan Pengetahuan dengan ontologi dengan tools protégé, mempelajari
AI History
• Alan turing pada tahun 1950 mengembangkan sebuah uji coba emperial
terhadap sistem cerdas.
• Uji coba alan turing ini menyediakan cara yang lebih kongkrit untuk
menentukan suatu entitas tersebut cerdas.
• Uji coba melibatkan seorang introgator manusia berada di suatu
ruangan, manusia lainnya di ruangan kedua dan entitas buatan di
ruangan ketiga.
• Si Introgatior diminta membedakan manuisa dengan sistem cerdas
berdasarkan jawaban atas pertanyaan yang di ajukan oleh introgator.
• Apabila introgator tidak dapat membedakan Antara jawaban manusia
dan sistem cerdas maka sistem cerdas tersebut di katakana cerdas.
The Term of AI

The appropriately programmed computer really is a mind, in the sense

that computers given the right programs can be literally said to
understand and have other cognitive states.
- Searle, 1980
Proses dalam sistem AI
Karakter Dari AI
Conventional AI mostly involves methods now
classified as machine learning, characterized by
formalism and statistical analysis. This is also
known as symbolic AI, logical AI, neat AI and
Good Old Fashioned Artificial Intelligence
(GOFAI). (Also see semantics.) Methods
Expert systems: apply reasoning
capabilities to reach a conclusion. An
expert system can process large amounts of
known information and provide conclusions
based on them.
Case based reasoning
Bayesian networks
Behavior based AI: a modular method of
building AI systems by hand
Computational Intelligence involves iterative development
or learning (e.g. parameter tuning e.g. in connectionist
systems). Learning is based on empirical data and is
associated with non-symbolic AI, scruffy AI and soft
computing. Methods mainly include:
Neural networks: systems with very strong pattern
recognition capabilities.
Fuzzy systems: techniques for reasoning under
uncertainty, has been widely used in modern industrial
and consumer product control systems.
Evolutionary computation: applies biologically inspired
concepts such as populations, mutation and survival of
the fittest to generate increasingly better solutions to
the problem. These methods most notably divide into
evolutionary algorithms (e.g. genetic algorithms) and
swarm intelligence (e.g. ant algorithms).