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LG VRF APPLICATION

for
AIR HANDLING UNIT
Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils

• Ventilation and conditions


• Basic on AHU designing and selection
– Weather conditions
– Air quality/comfort conditions

• Dx application and components


• LG VRF AHU Dx solutions
– HEX (coils) structure: single, multiply
– Refrigerant flow control: EEV, TEX

• Control solutions
VRF AHU Dx Coils
Weather statistic average temperature and Relative humidity in Montenegro
Podgorica
VRF AHU Dx Coils
Solutions: Fresh Air Supply
Fresh Air supply + heating/Cooling load

Health & Comfort


The increase of living in closed space and concentration of polluted material gives bad
effect on human health.
Gas-phase
Gas-phase polluted
polluted material
material Particle
Particle polluted
polluted material
material

Material Main reason Health Material Main reason Health


no direct harmfulness
CO2 body, combustion
except high concentration Dust outdoor air , clothes allergy

 CO
atmosphere pollution,
tobacco
deadly poisonous even
though low concentration Mite’s excretion,
fiber particle
carpet,pet,
food scrap ,mite
allergy

atmosphere pollution,
NO2 lung stimulation
tobacco
Smoke tobacco lung cancer, etc.


veneer board eye,skin stimulation
HCHO adiabatic material headache,vomiting

combustion, eye,skin,mucous Bacteria people, outdoor air indoor air pollution index
SO2 atmosphere pollution membrane stimulation

radiation, eye,skin construction material,


O3 Atmosphere pollution upper airway stimulation Mold outdoor air
allergy

soil,stone,
Rn underground water
lung cancer Pollen outdoor air allergy

body,tobacco lung cancer,skin disease


odor heat/cooling system
discomfort Asbestos adiabatic material
tumor,etc.
VRF AHU Dx Coils
Air quality and Ventilation
CR 1752, EN 15251
1. Demand by person, and Function/Category

2. Air quality - ventilation

Efficiency of ventilation Air flow demand


VRF AHU Dx Coils
Selection Complex Solution by air quality + concerning building load calculation
Heating/cooling loads involved with a building include outside attributes such as external temp, solar radiation,
wind and humidity as well as inside attributes such as human heat, heat from lighting and electronic
appliances, in addition to loads generable thru exterior walling structure and windows of the building. Such
architectural/environmental elements cause heating/cooling loads to take place.

External temp Wind

Solar radiation Humidity

Outdoor unit

Heat from human, Pipe/duct system


lighting, device
Heat transfer Indoor unit

Based on indoor
Temp/humidity

Cool(heat remove)
Building loads (q) System process System function
heat(heat added)

Heat loss Heat loss Efficiency lowered


VRF AHU Dx Coils
Designing conditions

Factors
Factors Regulations
Regulations Design
Design Condition
Condition

Categories Summer Winter


Ordinary building 22 ℃, 50
Temperature
Temperature 17 ~ 28 ℃ 26 ℃, 50 %
(office/residence) %
Commercial building 21 ℃, 50
26 ℃, 50 %
(bank/department) %
Humidity
Humidity 40 ~ 70 %
Industrial building 20 ℃, 50
28 ℃, 50 %
(factory) %

CO2 Standard
Floating dust: 0.15 mg/ ㎥
Cleanness
Cleanness CO: 10 ppm Indoor design spec. 1,000 ppm
CO2: 1000 ppm Outdoor design spec. 350 ppm

Categories Cooling Heating


Air velocity
Air
Air current
current Under 0.5 m/s 0.1 ~ 0.25 0.13 ~ 0.18
(m/s)
Gap between
1.7 ℃ 2℃
up and down

ding to different countries, these regulations might be different


VRF AHU Dx Coils
To calculate/estimate capacity of HVAC system, in either individualized or centralized system, considerations
shall be taken on loads required in terms of building load, heat source system, distribution system & air-
conditioning system.

Cooling load subject to external Arrangement of indoor Capacity of outdoor unit


Temp/building characteristics unit For better cooling Considering system functions

Building load Terminal Unit Distribution Heat source

Header Chiller

• Roof
• Wall
35℃ Outside
Solar • Glass window

24℃ AHU
Remove
load
FCU/convector
• Ext air entry
Human light, equipment
Boiler
• Ventilate

• Lighting
Remove Heat pump
• Human body
• Equipment load IDU Refrigerant
pipe
VRF AHU Dx Coils
Ventilation
Ventilation Type
Type 11
Exhaust Fan
•Supply Fan and Exhaust Fan.
•The pressure in the room can be
Indoor controlled by two fans.
Supply Fan

Ventilation
Ventilation Type
Type 22
•Fresh outdoor air is mechanically supply.
•The room is in positive pressure. (ex.
Indoor
Supply Fan surgery theatre,clean room)
Natural
Exhaust

Ventilation
Ventilation Type
Type 33

•The stale air in the room is


Natural
mechanically discharged.
Supply Exhaust Fan
Indoor •The room is in negative pressure. (ex.
kitchen, bathroom)
VRF AHU Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils
HEATING: different concept – different energy consumption

HEATING: different concept – different initial cost

preheating – humidification – post heating heat recovery – humidification – heating heat recovery – no humidification – heating
Sensible heat transfer – Plate HEX Total heat transfer – Enthalpy HEX
1.38 1.36
Den 1.3 1.38 1.36
Den 1.3 1.38 1.36
Den 1.3
Temperature [°C]

Temperature [°C]

Temperature [°C]
44 % sity0 o%f mois0tu% 0 % 90 % 00 % 4 44 % sity0 o%f mois0tu% 0 % 90 % 00 % 4 44 % sity0 o%f mois0tu% 0 % 90 % 00 % 4
5%

5%

5%
10 %

10 %

10 %
15 %

15 %

15 %
360

360

360
%

%
%

%
%
%

%
%

%
42 50 6 7 red a8 1 42 50 6 7 red a8ir 1 42 50 6 7 red a8 1
40

40

40
340

340

340
30

30

30
ir [kg ir [kg
25

25

25
20

20
20
1.40 /m³] 1.40 [kg/m 1.40 /m³]
³]
320

320

320
40 40 3 40
300

300

300
38 38 38
280

280

280
1.4
22 1.42 1.42
36 36 36
260

260

260
240

240

240
34 34 34
1.44 1.44 1.44
220

220

220
32 32 32
200

200

200
30 30 30
180

180

180
28 1.46 28 1.46 28 1.46
Enthalpy

Enthalpy

Enthalpy
26 26 26
160

160

160
4 3
24 1.48 24 1.48 24 1.48
140

140

140
4
22 22 22
[k J/ kg]
[k J/ kg]

[k J/ kg]
5
120

120

120
20 1.50 20 1.50 20 1.50
4
18 18 18
100

100

100
16 1.52 16 1.52 2 16 1.52 2
14 14 14
80

80

80
12 1.54 3 12 1.54 12 1.54
10 10 6 10
60

60

60
1.56 1.56 1.56
8 8 8
6 1.58 6 1.58 6 1.58 5
40

40

40
4 4 4
2 1.60 2 1.60 2 1.60
0 0 0
-2 1.62 1 -2 1.62 1 -2 1.612
20

20

20
-4 -4 -4
1.64 1.64 1.64
-6 -6 -6
-8 1.66 -8 1.66 -8 1.66
-10 -10 -10
1.68 1.68 1.68
0

0
-12 -12 -12
-14 1.70 -14 1.70 -14 1.70
-16 -16 -16
Montenegro Montenegro Montenegro
1.72 1.72 1.72
-18 Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa
Winter comfort range -18 Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa
Winter comfort range -18 Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa
Winter comfort range
[DIN EN 13779:2004] [DIN EN 13779:2004] [DIN EN 13779:2004]
-20 1.74 -20 1.74 -20 1.74
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Absolute moisture content [g/kg] Absolute moisture content [g/kg] Absolute moisture content [g/kg]

100% 51% 21%


VRF AHU Dx Coils
COOLING: different concept – different energy consumption

COOLING: different concept – different initial cost

cooling only mixing - cooling heat recovery - cooling


1.38 1.36 1.38 De1
n .36 1 1.38 1s.3
1.3 % 0 % 0 % .34 1

Temperature [°C]
Den Den
% 0 % 0 % .34

Temperature [°C]
ity6o%f
Temperature [°C]

44 % sity0 o%f mois0tu%


44 % sity0 o%f mois0tu% 0 % 90 % 0% 4 44 % %

5%
10 %
15 %
80

360
%
%

%
%

5%
5%

10 %
10
10 %

15 %
15 %

7is0tured a8ir0

360

360
%

%
mo

%
%

%
%

%
7 red a8ir 10 0 7 red 9 60 9 10
50 6 42 5 6 50

40
a

340
42 42

30
40

ir [kg

25

40
20
340

340
30

30
25

25
20

20
1.40 [kg/m 1.40 /m³] 1.40 [kg/m
³] ³]

320
320

320
40 40 40

300
300

300
38 38 38

280
280

280
1.42 1.42 2
1 1.42
36 36 1

260
36
260

260
1

240
34
240

240
34 34 5
1.44 1.44 1.44

220
220

220
32 32 4 32

200
200

200
30 30 30
1.46

180
1.46
180

1.46

180
28 28 28
3 2

Enthalpy
Enthalpy

En thalpy
26

160
26
160

26

160
1.48 3 1.48 1.48 4
24 24 24

140
140

140
22 22 22
[kJ/kg]
[kJ/kg]

[k J/kg]
2 5 3

120
120

120
20 1.50 20 1.50 20 1.50
18 18 18
100
100

100
16 1.52 16 1.52 16 1.52
14
80

14
80

14

80
1.54 12 1.54 1.54
12 12
10 10 10
60
60

60
1.56 1.56 1.56
8 8 8
6 1.58 6 1.58 6 1.58
40
40

40
4 4 4
2 1.60 2 1.60 2 1.60
0 0 0
-2 1.62 -2 1.62 -2 1.62
20
20

20
-4 -4 -4
1.64 1.64 1.64
-6 -6 -6
-8 1.66 -8 1.66 -8 1.66
-10 -10 -10
1.68 1.68 1.68
0
0

-12 -12

0
-12
-14 1.70 -14 1.70 -14 1.70
-16 -16 -16
Montenegro Montenegro
1.72 1.72 1.72 Montenegro
-18 Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa
Behaglichkeitsfeld im Sommer -18 Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa
Summer comfort range -18 Summer comfort range
ASHRAE 1997 [DIN EN 13779:2004] Air pressure: 1,013.3 hPa [DIN EN 13779:2004]
-20 1.74 -20 1.74 -20 1.74
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Absolute moisture content [g/kg] Absolute moisture content [g/kg] Absolute moisture content [g/kg]

100% 51% 66%


VRF AHU Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils
VRF AHU Dx Coils
LGE AE CONTROL SOLUTIONS :

Room temperature (exhaust) controlled

It means higher capacity IDU

Control: Temperature sensor


DDC
BMS

APPLIATION RANGE: depends onVRF (-25°C)


+ DX COIL air in temperature min. +5°C!

Supply air controlled tIN > 5°C !


Dx coill

Fresh air supply systems

Control: AI: 0-10V


DDC/PLC
BMS

APPLICATION RANGE: depend on VRF + DX COIL air in temperature > +5 °C Heat Recovery
VRF AHU Dx Coils
LGE AE CONTROL SOLUTIONS :
Controlled by Controlled by
COMMUNICATION KIT
Remote controller or Dry contact via DDC
DDC

Communication Kit
(PRCKA1) Support LG Centralized controllers LG Centralized controllers are not
Communication Kit
applicable
(PRDCA0)
Not applicable

Multiple AHUs + EEV kits with Indoor units 1 AHU + 1 EEV Kit without indoor units

1 1
REFRIGERANT CONTROLLER

TXV : Thermal Expansion Valve


EEV : Electronic Expansion Valve

TXV Kit
(Expansion Kit)
PATX13A0E
EEV Kit PATX20A0E
(PRLK048A0
2 Models PATX25A0E 5 Models ~16HP ~26HP
PRLL096A0) ~10HP ~20HP PATX30A0E
PATX35A0E ~36HP ~46HP ~56HP
Multiple EEV kits in 1 MULTI V system 1 TXV kit in 1 MULTI V system
(PRCKA1 only)

1 2 3 … ~80HP 1
Multiple EEV Kits(~80HP) or Single TXV Kit(~56HP)

Option 1 Option 3
RETRUN AIR

Option 2

PRCKA1 EEV or TXV Kit

* Option 1 : LG Remote controller, Option 2 : LG Dry contact + DDC(Field supply), Option 3 : LG Centralized control

Single EEV(~20HP) or TXV Kit(~56HP) Multiple EEV Kits(~80HP) or Single TXV Kit(~56HP)
Option 1 Option 2
SUPPLY AIR via DDC

PRCKA1 IO module
PRDCA0

Option 1

1
EEV or TXV EEV or TXV
Kit Kit
** Option 1 : LG Remote controller(monitoring only)
*** Option 1 : LG Remote controller, Option 2 : LG Centralized control
Simple AHU control with return(room) air control (When applying PRCKA1 model)

CONCEPT - Simple AHU control with return(room) air control (When applying PRCKA1
Concept model)

MULTI V™ Series

!! Centralized control LG Centralized controllers (Optional item) ?? HOW DOES IT WORK

CEN A-B BACnet


LAN
Modbus
Lonworks

IDU A-B

LG Wired
remote controller

Room air
TB 12-13-14
Return air
TB 4-5 Power Supply(220-230V)
Pipe in

AHU Control
TB 1-2-3 Fan output panel
signal*
(220-230V)

Coil
Field
supply
Pipe out

* Fan output signal should be connected to relay coil.


Direct connection from AHU comm. kit to fan will cause a critical product damage.
RA PRCKA1 – How does it work? #1
1 AHU Comm. Kit senses return/room air(selectable) temperature

LG Wired
remote controller

Room air

Return air
RA PRCKA1 - How does it work? #2
1 AHU Comm. Kit senses return/room air(selectable) temperature
MULTI V™ Series 2 If return(room) air is higher than setting temperature, outdoor unit will start operation (based on cooling operation)

IDU A-B

LG Wired
remote controller

Room air

Return air

Coil
RA PRCKA1 - How does it work? #3
1 AHU Comm. Kit senses return/room air(selectable) temperature
MULTI V™ Series 2 If return(room) air is higher than setting temperature, outdoor unit will start operation
3 AHU Comm. Kit outputs fan signal(220-230V) according to return(room) air condition

IDU A-B

LG Wired
remote controller

Room air

Return air

Control
Fan output panel
signal* ON
ON
Relay
Relay
(220-230V) OFF
OFF

Coil
Summary of return air control with PRCKA1
MULTI V™ Series LG Centralized controllers

CEN A-B LAN

IDU A-B

LG Wired
BACnet
remote controller Modbus
Lonworks

AHU Communication KIT


(Model : PRCKA1)

TB 12-13-14

Main features AHU #1 Power


TB 4-5 Supply
- For simple AHU control with return air control 220-230 V
TB 1-2-3 Fan
: Refrigerant coil on/off, mode change, fan on/off, etc Signal

Coil
Output
- Support LG Centralized controllers
- EEV Kit or TXV(Expansion) Kit can be applicable

By LG Remote controller
Function
Control Monitor LG Wired
LG Wired remote controller remote controller
AHU Comm. Kit ON/OFF O O
Outdoor unit operation AHU #2 Power
- O TB 4-5 Supply
(Compressor operation)
220-230 V
Fan/Heating/Coolin Fan/Heating/Coolin Fan
Mode TB 1-2-3
g g Signal

Coil
Fan Step High/Mid/Low High/Mid/Low Output
Cooling 18~ 30℃
Return(room) air temperature O
Heating 16 ~ 30℃
Supply air temperature control via With IO Module
-
DDC (PVDSMN000)
Error status - O
To Indoor units or
other AHUs
Supply air control via DDC with PRDCA0

Concept CONCEPT - SA control via DDC with PRDCA0

LG Wired
remote controller AHU Controller
MULTI V™ Series
(for only monitoring) (Filed supply)
DI signals
DO signals
ODU Centralized control 0~10 V, AI signals

ODU-AHU Communication Kit

Supply air temp.


Sensor(Field supply) Control
panel
(Field
Fan output supply)
signal* ON
ON
Relay
Relay
(220-230V) OFF
OFF
Return air

Coil

Fan power
(Field installation)
Summary of supply air control with PRDCA0

MULTI V™ Series

CEN A-B
AHU Controller
IDU A-B (Filed supply)

AHU Communication
KIT
(Model : PRDCA0)

Outdoor
(Supply
Outdoorunit
(Supplyair Control specification for DDC wiring

On
On// Off
Mode
Modecontrol
Fan
Fan control
Room

By AHU Comm. Kit (PRDCA0)


Room temperature

Off control
Function
control&& monitor
aircontrol
unit capacity

control&&monitor
control&& monitor
Control Monitor
temperature
controlvia
capacitycontrol

Digital input Digital output


AHU Comm. Kit ON/OFF
monitor

LG Wired (Non voltage) (Non voltage)


monitor
viaDDC)

monitor

remote controller
control

Outdoor unit operation


DDC)

(for only monitoring) - Digital output


(Compressor operation)
DI DI DI
AI AI DO DO DO Fan/Heating/Coolin Fan/Defrost/
TB#1
19-2
0-21
Mode g Heating/Cooling
Power
Digital input Digital output
TB#1 23-24 Supply
AHU High/Mid/Low High/Mid/Low
220-230 V Fan Step
Digital input Digital output
TB#1 11-12 TB#1 Fan Cooling 18~ 30℃ With remote
1-2-3 Signal Return(room) air temperature Heating 16 ~ 30℃ controller
Output DC 0~ 10V Input (PQRCVSL0QW)
Coil

Supply air temperature control via 40~100%


-
DDC DC 0 ~ 10V Input

Error status - Digital output


VRF AHU Dx Coils
Summary of supply air control with PRDCA0: AI 0 -10V

Target pressures/temperature

HEX – Coils in AHUs


Supply air control via DDC with PRCKA1

Concept CONCEPT - SA control via DDC with PRCKA1

LG Wired AHU Controller


MULTI V™ IV
Optional remote controller (Filed supply)
Centralized control

ODU-AHU Communication Kit

Dry contact
for thermostat

IO Module Supply air temp.


(Demand control Sensor(Field supply) Control
for supply air) panel
(Field
Fan output supply)
signal* ON
ON
Relay
Relay
(220-230V) OFF
OFF
Return air

Coil

Fan power
(Field installation)

0-10V Analog control


Control summary of supply air control via DDC with PRCKA1

Control 1 Fan speed input - Non voltage input


2 Mode input - Non voltage input
3 Operation input - Non voltage input
4 Operation output - AC or DC, Max. 1A
5 Error output - AC or DC, Max. 1A
1
6 Demand(capacity) control input - DC 0 ~ 10V
2
7 Supply air temperature(filed supply) – Check manufacture's specification
3 6
8 Fan signal output – AC 220~240V, Same as supply power level 4
5
7

Control
panel
8
(Field
supply)
Supply air control via DDC with PRCKA1

SA PRCKA1 – Detail #1 Dry contact

3 Fan Speed input 1


2 Mode input Non voltage inputs SHORT : ON 2
OPEN : OFF 3 6
1 Operation ON/OFF
input 4
5
7

Dry contact
for thermostat

Control
panel
(Field
8 supply)

Operation
AC or DC ON : SHORT
4 status
Max. 1A OFF : OPEN
output
Error status AC or DC Error : SHORT
5
output Max. 1A No Error: OPEN
Supply air control via DDC with PRCKA1

SA PRCKA1 – Detail #2 IO Module

1
2
3 6
4
5
7

Supply air temp.


6 Demand Control Sensor(Field supply) Control
for supply air panel
(Field
DC 0~10V 8 supply)
IO Module 40~100% outdoor unit
(Demand control Capacity control
for supply air)

DC 0 ~ 10V
Supply air control via DDC with PRCKA1

SA PRCKA1 – Detail #2 IO Module

PRCKA 1
1 2
3 6
4
5
7

Control
panel
AC 220 - (Field
240V 8 supply)

PRCKA
1
220-240 V same as power
supply voltage level

8 Fan signal output


Summary of supply air control with PRCKA1
MULTI V™ Series LG Centralized controllers
(Optional)

CEN A-B LAN

IDU A-B

AHU Communication KIT


AHU Controller BACnet
(Model : PRCKA1) Modbus
(Filed supply) Lonworks
Control specification for DDC wiring
1 Fan speed input - Non voltage input
IO Module
2 Mode input - Non voltage input
3 Operation input - Non voltage input
4 Operation output - AC or DC, Max. 1A 1 2 3 4 5

Fan
5 Error output - AC or DC, Max. 1A

Fanspeed
AI_1

On
On

On//Off
On// Off

Error
Mode

Errormonitor
Modecontrol
6 6

speedcontrol
Demand(capacity) control input - DC 0 ~ 10V

Off monitor
Outdoor
Outdoorunit
unit capacity
capacitycontrol

Off control
control

monitor
(Supply
(Supplyair
aircontrol
controlvia
via DDC)

control
7 Supply air temperature(filed supply) – Check manufacture's specification DDC)

monitor
control
control
8 Fan signal output – AC 220~240V, Same as supply power level
LG Wired DI DI DI DO DO 7
Function of LG remote controller remote controller
By LG Remote controller
Function LG Wired remote controller Dry contact
Control Monitor TB#2 for thermostat
AHU Comm. Kit ON/OFF O O 12-13-14
CN-CC
Power
Outdoor unit operation
- O TB#2 4-5 Supply
(Compressor operation) AHU 220-230 V
Fan/Heating/Coolin Fan/Heating/Coolin
Mode TB#2
g g
1-2-3 8 Fan
Fan Step High/Mid/Low High/Mid/Low Signal

Coil
Cooling 18~ 30℃ Output
Return(room) air temperature O
Heating 16 ~ 30℃
Supply air temperature control via With IO Module
-
DDC (PVDSMN000)
Error status - O
VRF AHU Dx Coils
LGE AE CONTROL DEVICES SUPPLY AIR CONTROL:
VRF AHU Dx Coils
LGE AE CONTROL DEVICES SUPPLY AIR CONTROL: