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University of California, Los Angeles CEEC137/239: Elementary Structural Dynamics

Department of Civil & Env. Engineering Instructor: E. Taciroglu – Fall 2017

Bonus Project
(due on Friday, Dec 22, 11:55PM)
Submissions Instructions
This is a bonus assignment. To earn full credit, please note the following:
1. Submit all your files at CCLE by the submission deadline noted above. Late
submissions will not be accepted, regardless of the cause.
2. Submitted Matlab codes should run by themselves. Any run-time error, or missing
script or function that will prevent the codes from executing properly will
automatically disqualify the submission. To avoid such problems, make sure to
include all necessary Matlab Files under a single folder.
3. The Matlab codes should be accompanied by a PDF report that explains the
solution and present the results in a neat and concise manner. The report is worth
half of the points for any of the individual problems stated below. The report
should be labeled “YourlastnameYourfirstname-Bonus.pdf”
4. Given the requirements above, note that you will be allowed to submit only two
files: (i) your pdf report, and (ii) your zipped folder containing your Matlab files.
5. You are not allowed to work in teams. You are welcome to ask questions to each
other and exchange ideas. However, copying codes, code segments, or reports
will disqualify the submission and may also result in further penalties.

Problems
A statically determinate truss bridge is shown below. Assume that E  30, 000kips/in 2 ,
L(ft) / A(in 2 )  1 for all members. m = 0.2587 kips-s2/in, and all masses are lumped at
joints and each joint has two degrees of freedom (i.e., one horizontal displacement and
one vertical displacement). Develop Matlab scripts to solve following problems:

1. Determine the mass matrix M and the stiffness matrix K of the system.
2. Determine the eigenvalues and the corresponding eigenvectors (i.e., natural
frequencies and mode shapes of the bridge).
3. Assume Rayleigh damping C  a0 M  a1K , and determine the coefficients a0 and
a1 , under the assumption that the first and the second modal damping ratios are
both 5% (i.e.,  1   2  5% ). What is the damping matrix of the system?
4. Three step forces are given in below to simulate the moving loads arising from a
vehicle moving from left to right on the bridge. Determine the load vector for all
degrees of freedom (i.e., P1 (t), P2 (t)...etc ).
5. Determine the equations of motion for the system and use modal analysis to
decouple the equation of motions.
University of California, Los Angeles CEEC137/239: Elementary Structural Dynamics
Department of Civil & Env. Engineering Instructor: E. Taciroglu – Fall 2017

6. Use any method you have learned to compute the vertical displacement time
histories at nodes B, C and D. Plot your results.
7. Determine the maximum tensile and compressive forces in the system, the time
they occur and the element(s) they belong to.
H G F
1.7m m 1.7m

20'

0.8m m 2m m 0.8m
A E
B C D

P1(t) P2(t) P3(t)


4 @ 15' = 60'

 cos 2  sin  cos   cos 2   sin  cos  


 
EA  sin  cos  sin 2   sin  cos   sin 2  
[k]elem, global 
L   cos 2   sin  cos  cos 2  sin  cos  
 
  sin  cos   sin 2  sin  cos  sin 2  