Sie sind auf Seite 1von 7

ICT Reviewer

2 n d Quarter Examination

 Microsoft Word
 Evolution of Word Processors
 WordStar
 MacWrite
 WordPerfect
 Microsoft Write
 Microsoft Word
 Word Processing
 probably the most commonly used type of software
 create letters, reports, brochures, and other documents with Word
 create and send e-mail, produce Web pages, and update blogs with Word
 Microsoft Word
 provides a multitude of features that enable you to enhance documents with only a few clicks of the mouse
 change colors, add interesting styles of text, insert graphics, use a table to present data, track changes made
to a document, view comments made about document content, combine several documents quickly into
one and quickly create reference pages such as table of contents
 Word Tabs
 Home Tab: The basic Word tab. Contains basic editing functions such as cut and paste along with most
formatting actions.
 Groups: Clipboard, Styles, Font, Editing, Paragraph
 Insert Tab: Brings together all insert functions in one area. Includes ability to create graphs and add tables.
Contains powerful picture functions. Headers and footers are inserted here.
 Groups: Pages, Tables, Illustrations, Links, Header and Footer, Text, Symbols
 Page Layout: Contains all functions associated with page appearance, setup, and printing. Provides features
that facilitate document customization
 Groups: Themes, Page Setup, Page Background, Paragraph, Arrange
 References: Provides functions for automating references in a document. Includes assistance using popular
writing styles.
 Groups: Table of Contents, Footnotes, Citations and Bibliography, Captions, Index, Table Of Authorities
 Mailings: Contains commands used in the process of combining from multiple sources and useful
 Groups: Create, Start Mail Merge, Write and Insert Felds, Preview Results, Finish
 Review: Contains all reviewing tools in Words including spelling and grammatical check, the management of
comments, sharing and protection
 Groups: Proofing, Comments, Tracking, Changes, Compare, Protect
 View: Contains basic and advanced view settings. Some of these options also appear below the horizontal
and vertical scroll bars
 Groups: Document Views, Show/Hide, Zoom, Windows, Macros
 Word Wrap
 Moves words to the next line if they do not fit on the current line
 Hard Return
 Created when you press Enter to move the insertion point to a new line
 Soft Return
 Created by the word processor as it wraps text to a new line
 Toggle Switch
 A device that causes the computer to alternate between 2 states
 Show/Hide Feature
 Reveals where formatting marks such as spaces, tabs and returns are used in the document
 AutoText Feature
 Substitutes a predefined item for specific test but only when the user initiates it
 Building Blocks
 Document components used frequently, such as disclaimers, company addresses, or a cover page
 Print Layout View
 Default view and closely resembles the printed document
 Full Screen Reading View
 Eliminates tabs and makes it easier to read your document
 Draft View
 Shows a simplified work area, removing white space and other elements from view
 Outline View
 Displays a structural view of the document that can be collapsed of expanded
 Web Layout View
 Used when creating a Web page
 Mini Toolbar
 Contains frequently used formatting commands and displays when you select text
 Margins
 The amount of white space around the top, bottom, left, and right edges of a page
 Portrait Orientation
 Positions text parallel with the short side of the page
 Landscape Orientation
 Positions text parallel to the long side of the page
 Soft Page Break
 Inserted when text fills an entire page, then continues to the next page
 Hard Page Break
 Forces the next part of the document to begin on a new page
 Header
 Information at the top of the document pages
 Footer
 Information at the bottom of the document pages
 Section Break
 A marker that divides a document into sections thereby allowing different formatting in each section
 Case-sensitive Search
 Matches not only the text but also the upper- and lowercase letters
 Case-insensitive Search
 Finds a word regardless of any capitalization used
 Selective Replacement
 Lets you decide whether to replace the text
 Automatic Replacement
 Makes a substitution automatically
 Spelling ang Grammar Feature
 Looks for mistakes in spelling, punctuation, writing style, and word usage
 Capability Checker
 Looks for features that are not supported by previous versions of Word
 Document Inspector
 Checks for and removes different kinds of hidden and personal information from a document
 Typography
 The appearance of printed matter
 Typeface or Font
 Complete set of characters
 Serif Typeface
 Contains a thin line at the top and bottom of characters
 Sans Serif Typeface
 Does not contain thin lines on characters
 Monospaced Typeface
 Uses the same amount of horizontal space for every character
 Proportional Typeface
 Allocates horizontal space to the character
 Type Style
 Characteristic applied to a font, such as bold
 Change Case
 Change capitalization of text
 Sentence Case
 Capitalizes only the 1st word of the sentence/phrase
 Lowercase
 Changes the text to lower case
 Uppercase
 Changes the text to all caps
 Capitalize Each Word
 Capitalizes the 1st letter of every word
 Toggle Case
 Changes lowercase to uppercases and vise versa
 Strikethrough
 Horizontal line in the middle of the text
 Superscript
 Text in a smaller size and raised above the baseline
 Subscript
 Text in a smaller size and lowered below the baseline
 Shadow
 Text in 3D shadow effect
 Emboss
 Text as if it has been raised from the page
 Engrave
 Text as if it has been pressed down on the page
 Small Caps
 Letters as uppercase but smaller than regular size
 Hidden Text
 Does not appear on screen
 Character Spacing
 Horizontal spacing between characters
 Scale
 Increases or decreases text as a percentage of its size
 Position
 Raises or lowers text from the baseline
 Kerning
 Allows more even spacing between characters
 Highlighter
 Used to mark text that you want to locate easily
 Non-breaking Hyphen
 Prevents a word from becoming separated at the hyphen
 Non-breaking Space
 Keeps 2 or more words together on a line
 Format Painter
 Used to copy existing formats to other texts
 Tabs
 Markers for aligning text in a document
 Left tab
 Aligns text to the left
 Center Tab
 Aligns text to the center
 Right Tab
 Aligns text to the right
 Decimal Tab
 Aligns numbers on a decimal point
 Bar Tab
 Does not position text or decimals
 Leader Character
 Dots or hyphens that connect 2 items
 Border
 A line that surrounds a paragraph, a page, a table, or an image
 Shading
 Background color that appears behind text
 Bulleted List
 Itemizes and separates paragraph text to increase readability
 Numbered List
 Sequences and prioritizes items
 Multilevel List
 Extends a numbers list to several levels
 Columns
 Format a section of a document into side-by-side vertical blocks
 Horizontal Alignment
 Refers to the placement of text between the left and right margns
 First Line Indent
 Marks the location to indent only the 1st line
 Hanging Indent
 Aligns the 1st line of a paragraph at the left margin and indents the remaining lines
 Line Spacing
 Space between the lines in a paragraph
 Paragraph
 Space between paragraphs
 Widow
 The last line of a paragraph appears by itself at the top of a page
 Orphan
 The first line of a paragraph appears by itself at the bottom of a page
 Style
 A set of formatting options you apply to characters or paragraphs
 Character Style
 Stores character formatting and affects only the selected text
 Paragraph Style
 Stores paragraph formatting of text
 Outline View
 A structural view that displays varying amounts of detail
 AutoFormat Feature
 Analyzes a document and formats it for you
 Table of contents
 Lists headings and the page numbers where they appear in a document
 Index
 Listing of topics and their page numbers
 Table
 A series of columns and rows that organize data
 Cell
 Intersection of a column and a row
 Row Height
 Vertical space from the top and the bottom of the row
 Columns Width
 Horizontal space or length of a column
 Shading
 Affects the background color within a cell
 Border
 Refers to the line style around each cell
 Table style
 Contains borders, shading, and other attributes to enhance a table
 Table Alignment
 the position of a table between the left and right margins
 Text Direction
 Refers to the degree of rotation in which text displays
 Cell Margins
 The amount of space between data and the cell border in a table
 Sorting
 Process of rearranging data
 Ascending order
 Arranges data from lowest to highest
 Descending order
 Arranges data from highest to lowest
 Clip Art
 A graphical image, illustration, drawing, or sketch
 Copyright
 Provides legal protection to a written or artistic work
 Microsoft Clip Organizer
 Catalogs pictures, sounds, and movies stored on the hard drive
 Sizing Handles
 Small circles and squares that appear around a selected object and enable you to adjust the height and
width of an object
 Text Wrapping Style
 Refers to the way text wraps around an image
 Picture Styles
 Contains preformatted options that can be applied to a graphical object
 Crop or Cropping
 Process of trimming the edges of an image or other graphical object
 Scale or Scaling
 Adjustment height or width by a percentage of the image’s original size
 Contrast
 Difference between light and dark areas of an image
 Brightness
 The ratio between lightness and darkness of an image
 Compress
 Reduces the file size of an object
 Microsoft Word Art
 Creates decorative text for a document
 Comment
 A note or annotation about the content of a document
 Markup Balloons
 Colored circles that contain comments and display in the margins
 Reviewing Pane
 Displays comments and changes made to the document
 Show Markup
 Enables you to view document revisions by reviewer
 Track Changes
 Used to insert revision marks ang markup balloons from addition, deletions, and formatting changes
 Revision Marks
 Indicate where text was added, deleted, or formatted while the Track Change Feature is active
 Original Showing Markup
 Shows a line through deleted text and puts inserted text in a markup balloon
 Final Showing Markup
 Shows inserted text in the body and puts deleted text into a markup balloon
 Compare Feature
 Evaluates the contents of 2 or more documents and displays markup balloons to show the differences
 Combine Feature
 Incorporates all changes from multiple documents into a new document
 View Side-by-Side
 Enables you to display 2 documents on the same screen
 Synchronous Scrolling
 Enables you to simultaneously scroll through documents in Side by Side view
 Master Document
 Document that acts like a binder for changing smaller documents
 Subdocument
 Smaller document that is a part of a master document
 Document Map
 A pane that lists the structure of headings in your document
 Thumbnails
 Small pictures of each page in your document that display in a separate window pane
 Bookmark Feature
 An electronic marker for a specific location in a document
 Plagiarism
 Act of using and documenting the ideas or writings of another as one’s own
 Citation
 A note recognizing a source of information or a quoted passage
 Master List
 A database of all citation sources created in Word
 Current List
 Includes all citation sources you used in the current document
 Bibliography
 A list of works cited or consulted by an author in a document
 Footnote
 A citation that appears at the bottom of a page
 Endnote
 A citation that appears at the end of a document