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CONCRETE INDUSTRIAL GROUND FLOOR SLAB DESIGN

In accordance with TR34, 4th Edition 2013


Tedds calculation version 2.0.00

Slab details
Reinforcement type; Fabric Minimum cube compressive
Concrete class; C8/10 strength of concrete considered
Slab thickness; h = 150 mm as 10 MPa before installation of
props.
Fabric reinforcement type; A252
2
Characteristic strength of reinforcement; fyk = 460 N/mm
2
Area of bottom steel provided; As,prov = 252 mm /m
Diameter of reinforcement; s = 8 mm
Nominal cover; cnom_b = 65 mm
Effective depth of reinforcement; d = h - cnom_b - s = 77 mm
Partial safety factors
Concrete (with or without fibre); c = 1.50
Reinforcement (bar or fabric); s = 1.15
Permanent; G = 1.20
Variable; Q = 1.50
Dynamic loads; D = 1.60
as per IFC drawing no. ST-GN-001-
Subgrade reaction R01, soil bearing capacity 400kPa.
Modulus of subgrade reaction; k = 0.008 N/mm
3 Assumed settlement = 50 mm.

Concrete details - Table 6.1. Strength properties for concrete


2
Characteristic compressive cylinder strength; fck = 8 N/mm
2
Characteristic compressive cube strength; fcu = 10 N/mm
2 2
Mean value of compressive cylinder strength; fcm = fck + 8 N/mm = 16 N/mm
2 2 2/3 2
Mean value of axial tensile strength; fctm = 0.3 N/mm  (fck/ 1 N/mm ) = 1.2 N/mm
2
Flexural tensile strength; fctd,fl = fctm  (1.6 - h / 1m) / c = 1.15 N/mm
2
Design concrete compressive strength (cylinder); fcd = fck / c = 5.333 N/mm
2 2 0.3 2
Secant modulus of elasticity of concrete; Ecm = 22 kN/mm [fcm/ 10 N/mm ] = 25.33 kN/mm
Poisons ratio;  = 0.2
3 2 0.25
Radius of relative stiffness (Eqn. 20); l = [Ecm  h / (12  (1 -  )  k)] = 846 mm
3 0.25 -1
Characteristic of system (Eqn. 33);  = (3  k / (Ecm  h )) = 0.73 m
Moment capacity
2
Negative moment capacity (Eqn. 2); Mn = Mun = fctd,fl  (h / 6) = 4.278 kNm/m
Positive moment capacity (Eqn. 3); Mp = Mpfab = 0.95  As,prov  fyk  d / s = 7.4 kNm/m
Load 1 - Quadruple internal 100 x 100 point load

Loading length; ll = 100mm


Loading width; lw = 100mm
Distance x; x = 1800mm
Distance y; y = 1800mm Considered loads -
Permanent load; Gk = 2.8 kN 1- self weight of propping system = 85 kg/m2
Variable load; Qk = 16.2 kN 2- construction live load = 5 kPa
Dynamic load; Dk = 0.0 kN
Spacing of props = 1.8 m
Contact radius ratio
0.5
Equivalent contact radius ratio; a = [(ll  lw) / ] = 56.4 mm
Radius ratio; a / l = 0.067
Ultimate capacity under single internal concentrated loads
For a/l equal to 0 (Eqn. 21); Pu_0 = 2    (Mp + Mn) = 73.4 kN
For a/l equal to 0.2 (Eqn. 22); Pu_0.2 = 4    (Mp + Mn) / [1 - (a / (3  l))] = 149.6 kN
Thus for a / l equal to 0.054; Pu = min(Pu_0.2, Pu_0 + (Pu_0.2 - Pu_0)  (a / (l  0.2))) = 75.9 kN
4 No. individual; Pu_4x1 = 4  Pu = 303.6 kN
Ultimate capacity under dual internal concentrated loads
For a/l equal to 0 (Eqn. 27); Pu_0 = [2   + (1.8  min(x, y) / l)]  [Mp + Mn] = 118.1 kN
For a/l equal to 0.2 (Eqn. 28); Pu_0.2 = [4   / (1 - (a / (3  l))) + 1.8  min(x, y) / (l - (a / 2))] 
[Mp + Mn] = 196.3 kN
Thus for a / l equal to 0.054; Pu = min(Pu_0.2, Pu_0 + (Pu_0.2 - Pu_0)  (a / (l  0.2))) = 120.7 kN
2 No. dual; Pu_2x2 = 2  Pu = 241.4 kN
Ultimate capacity under quadruple internal concentrated loads
For a/l equal to 0 (Eqn. 29); Pu_0 = [2   + 1.8  (x + y) / l]  [Mp + Mn] = 162.8 kN
For a/l equal to 0.2 (Eqn. 30); Pu_0.2 = [4   / (1 - (a / (3  l))) + 1.8  (x + y) / (l - (a / 2))] 
[Mp + Mn] = 242.61 kN
Thus for a / l equal to 0.054; Pu = min(Pu_0.2, Pu_0 + (Pu_0.2 - Pu_0)  (a / (l  0.2))) = 165.5 kN
quadruple; Pu_1x4 = Pu = 165.5 kN
Ultimate load capacity for 4 No. loads; Pu = min(Pu_4x1, Pu_2x2, Pu_1x4) = 165.5 kN
Check ultimate load capacity of slab
Number of loads; N=4
Loading applied to slab; Fuls = N  ((Gk  G) + (Qk  Q) + (Dk  D)) = 110.4 kN
Utilisation; Fuls / Pu = 0.667
PASS - Total slab capacity exceeds applied load
Punching shear at the face of the loaded area
2
Shear factor; k2 = 0.6  (1 - fck / 250N/mm ) = 0.58
Length of perimeter at face of loaded area; u0 = 8  (ll + lw) = 1600 mm
2
Shear stress at face of contact area; vmax = 0.5  k2  fcd = 1.55 N/mm
Maximum load capacity in punching; Pp,max = vmax  u0  d = 176.1 kN
Utilisation; Fuls / Pp,max = 0.63
PASS - Total slab capacity in punching at face of loaded area exceeds applied load
Punching shear at the critical perimeter
0.5
Shear factor; ks = min(1 + (200mm / d) , 2) = 2.00
3/2 2 0.5 2 2
Minimum shear stress at 2d from face of load; vRd,c,min = 0.035  ks  (fck / 1N/mm )  1N/mm = 0.28 N/mm
Ratio of reinforcement by area in x-direction; x = As,prov / d = 0.00327
Ratio of reinforcement by area in y-direction; y = As,prov / d = 0.00327
0.5
Reinforcement ratio; 1 = (x  y) = 0.00327
2 1/3
Maximum shear stress at 2d from face of load; vRd,c = max(0.18  ks / c  (100  1  fck / 1N/mm ) 
2 2
1N/mm , vRd,c,min) = 0.28 N/mm
Length of perimeter at 2d from face of load; u1 = 4  2  (lw + ll + 2    d) = 5470 mm
Max. load capacity in punching at 2d from face; Pp = vRd,c  u1  d = 118 kN
2
Ground reaction (cl.7.10.2); Rp = 4  (1.4  (d / l)  (Fuls/4) + 0.47  (ll + lw)  d  (Fuls/4) /
2
l ) = 1.6 kN
Total imposed shear load; Fuls_total = Fuls - Rp = 108.8 kN
Utilisation; Fuls_total / Pp = 0.92
PASS - Total slab capacity in punching at 2d from face of loaded area exceeds applied load

Load 2 - CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY

3222
Maximum positive bending moment loading pattern

6444 3222 6444


Maximum negative bending moment loading pattern

Working load capacity of UDL


2
UDL; Uk = 5.0 kN/m
Critical aisle width; lcrit =  / (2  ) = 2128 mm
Loaded width of single UDL (max positive moment); lload_p =  / (2  ) = 2128 mm
Loaded width of dual UDL (max nagative moment); lload_n =  /  = 4256 mm
2 2
Working load capcity of slab; q = 5.95    Mn = 13.56 kN/m
Utilisation; Uk / q = 0.368
PASS - Total slab capacity exceeds applied load