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# Lesson Plan

In

I. Learning Objectives
At the end of 60-minute discussion, at least
75% of learners should be able to explain how
different factors affect the climate in an area.
Figure 1. Sun’s rays striking the Earth’s surface
II. Subject Matter
Because sun’s rays scatter on wider range,
Content: Factors that affect climate areas near poles absorb lower solar energy thus,
resulting to a colder climate. Meanwhile, sun’s rays
References: Science K-12 Curriculum Guide p. 55; that strike near equator provide much solar energy
Grade- 9 Science Learning Module; Earth Science, from the sun, resulting in a warmer climate. Also,
The Physical Setting by Thomas McGuire pp. 600-627 Earth’s tilt in axis also has an effect on the variance of
ISBN 978-0-87720-196-0; Earth Science Interactive the amount of solar energy that is absorbed in a certain
Textbook by Holt pp. 325-346 ISBN 0-03-079083-2 area.
Materials: Tarpapels, writing materials. Altitude:
Also one of the factors affecting climate is the
III. Introductory Routines altitude of a certain place. Air temperature decreases as
1. Daily routines (Opening Prayer, Greetings, the altitude increases. It is because the air molecules
Attendance Checking) are less compacted to each other, resulting to a less
2. Review of the past lesson dense air. Lighter air cannot absorb much heat, making
temperature lower.
Motivation:
1. Video clip will be presented on the learners
regarding on weather and climate.

## IV. Learning Activity

1. The teacher will post a tarpapel of a
representation of the Earth that was hitting by sun’s
rays.
2. Learners will study the given picture then
will answer the questions based on their observation on Figure 2.1 Mount Kilimanjaro
the tarpapel afterwards.
Reference: Activity 1: When the Sun’s Rays strike
Activity 2: The higher, the cooler

V. Lesson Proper
a. analysis
 Why do areas near equator tend to have higher
temperatures?
 How the altitude does affects the air
temperature of a certain place?

b. Abstraction
Latitude:
The latitude of an area is its distance north or
south of the equator. In general, the temperature of an Figure 2.2. Romy Garduce in Mt. Everest
area depends on its latitude. Latitudes closer to the
poles tend to have colder climates. Latitude affects
temperature because latitude determines how much
direct solar energy an area gets.
REMARKS:

## Figure 2.3 the air density in certain different altitudes.

VI. Generalization
There are many factors affecting the Earth’s
climate. Two of them are latitude and altitude. Sun’s
rays strikes based on the latitude of a certain area.
Areas near poles receives less solar energy hence,
lower temperature is absorbed while areas near equator
receives much energy hence, experience higher
temperatures. Altitude also plays an important factor in
the climate of a certain place. Generally, the
temperature decreases as the altitude increases. It is
because the air density in a higher altitude decreases,
because the air molecules are far away in each other.

VIII. Evaluation
Choose the letter of the correct answer:

## 1. What happens to the temperature of air when

altitude increases?
a. varies c. remains the same
b. decreases d. increases

## 2. Region of the Earth that absorbs less energy

a. Poles c. Ocean
b. Equator d. all of the above

## 3. Region of the Earth that absorbs much energy

a. Poles c. Ocean
b. Equator d. all of the above

## 4. The height of an object or point in relation to sea

level or ground level
a. Latitude c. Air temperature
b. Altitude d. Heat capacity

## 5. An energy that is emitted by the sun’s rays

a. Nuclear energy c. Kinetic energy
b. Geothermal energy d. Solar energy