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Sixth Grade Science

Unit 3 Weather and Climate Test DIF

ID: 353030 — Correct: C — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.a

1. Place the following atmospheric layers in sequence, from lowest to highest: A)


Exosphere; B) Stratosphere; C) Troposphere

A. A, C, B
B. B, A, C
C. C, B, A
D. C, A, B

ID: 353034 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.a

2.

What is the correct order of earth’s atmospheric layers from bottom to top?

A. Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.


B. Troposphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.
C. Stratosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere.
D. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.
ID: 369545 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.a

3. The atmosphere is divided info four layers. Which layer constitutes most of the total
mass of the atmosphere?

A. the mesosphere
B. the stratosphere
C. the thermosphere
D. the troposphere

ID: 375339 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.a

4. Weather occurs in which layer of the atmosphere?

A. troposphere
B. stratosphere
C. mesosphere
D. thermosphere

ID: 353035 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.b

5. A pot is heated on a stove. Which process causes the metal handle of the pot to also
become hot?

A. combustion
B. convection
C. radiation
D. conduction

ID: 353038 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.b


6. The transfer of thermal energy by movement of particles through gases and liquids
(fluids) is _____.

A. heat
B. conduction
C. convection
D. radiation

ID: 358599 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.b

7.

A drawing shows a pan on top of a lit stove burner. What is this picture modeling?

A. density
B. currents

C. convection

D. conduction

ID: 353072 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

8. Which statement is the most accurate about cold air?

A. Warm air rises because it is denser.


B. Warm air sinks because it is denser.
C. Cold air rises because it is denser.
D. Cold air sinks because it is denser.

ID: 353075 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

9. In which direction does air move?

A. From North to South.


B. From South to North.
C. From a high pressure area to a low pressure area.
D. From a low pressure area to a high pressure area.

ID: 353081 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

10. Which global winds have the greatest impact on the weather in the US?

A. trade winds
B. prevailing westerlies
C. doldrums
D. polar easterlies

ID: 353085 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c


11.

Which diagram shows the formation of a land breeze?

A. Diagram Y
B. Diagram X
C. Neither
D. Both

ID: 353088 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

12. The curving of air to the right in the Northern Hemisphere is caused by _______ and
is called the ______ Effect.

A. Earth’s rotation…Coriolis
B. Earth’s revolution…Coriolis
C. Earth’s rotation…Doppler
D. Earth’s revolution…Doppler

ID: 358864 — Correct: A — DOK: 3 — Standard: GSE E.4.c


13.

A mT airmass would most likely originate over which type of Earth surface?

A. warm and moist


B. cold and dry
C. cold and moist
D. warm and dry

ID: 369527 — Correct: D — DOK: 4 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

14. The polar jet stream influences the weather in North America. Which of the following
illustrations shows the jet stream pulling warm air into Canada?
A.

B.
C.

D.

ID: 375322 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

15. Winds may be named for their location of for the direction from which they blow.
Which winds blow from the 30 degrees latitude in both hemispheres almost to the
equator?

A. easterlies
B. westerlies
C. trade winds
D. the doldrums

ID: 353093 — Correct: A — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

16. Where do hurricanes originate (start at)?

A. Warm tropical oceans


B. Cold polar regions
C. Warm mountain tops
D. Dry land

ID: 353094 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

17. A dry, cold air mass would be called ___________.

A. Continental tropical
B. Continental polar
C. Maritime tropical
D. Maritime polar

ID: 353095 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

18. The boundary between cold and warm air masses is called a/an ___________.

A. Flood
B. Front
C. Climate
D. Storm
ID: 353096 — Correct: A — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

19. When a warm air mass gently slides on top of a cold air mass, and you have drizzly
rain followed by beautiful sunny weather, what front is it?

A. Warm front
B. Cold front
C. Occluded front
D. Stationary front

ID: 353097 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

20. A/an _____________ is a large body of air that has the same properties as the Earth's
surface over which it develops and has the same density and moisture content.

A. Front
B. Air mass
C. Cloud
D. Tornado

ID: 353099 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

21. Where would you find a tropical maritime air mass?

A. Over the ocean near the equator.


B. Over the ocean near the poles (brrrrrr- cold!).
C. Over a continent (land) near the equator.
D. Over a continent (land) near the poles.

ID: 365136 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

22. Ginny enjoys mountain climbing. Today, she is climbing Mt. Sheridan, which is the
tallest mountain she’s ever climbed. When Ginny makes it to the top of the mountain,
she notices that it is more difficult to catch her breath. At higher elevations, why is it
harder for Ginny to breathe?
A. At higher altitudes, the air is very cold.
B. At higher altitudes, the air pressure is lower.
C. At higher altitudes, the air contains more nitrogen.

D. At higher altitudes, the air contains more carbon dioxide.

ID: 355132 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4

23.

Which airmasses would bring warm, moist air?

A. A & F
B. C & F
C. C & D
D. C & G

ID: 355127 — Correct: C — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4


24.

What kind of front is pictured?

A. cold front
B. warm front
C. stationary front
D. occluded front

ID: 355128 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4

25.

What kind of front is pictured?

A. cold front
B. warm front
C. stationary front
D. occluded front

ID: 355129 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4


26.

What kind of front is pictured?

A. cold front
B. warm front
C. stationary front
D. occluded front

ID: 353091 — Correct: B — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

27.

The air mass on the left formed over a polar region and the air mass on the right
formed over a tropical region. Which type of front is at the front of air mass A?

A. Warm front
B. Cold front
C. Stationary front
D. Occluded front
ID: 353092 — Correct: A — DOK: 1 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

28. Which of the following best represent a WARM FRONT on a weather map?

A.

B.

C.

D.

ID: 353098 — Correct: B — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

29. Which will most likely result from a low-pressure weather system?

A. warm temperatures
B. cloudy conditions
C. clear conditions
D. cool temperatures

ID: 358865 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.d

30.

In general, land changes temperature more quickly than the ocean. How does this fact
create sea breezes?

A. Warm air rises over land; cool air falls over ocean creating convection currents
during the day.

B. Cool air rises over land; warm air falls over the ocean creating convection currents
during the day.

C. Cool air rises over land; warm air rises over the ocean creating convection currents
during the night.
D. Cool air falls over land; warm air falls over the ocean creating convection currents
during the day.

ID: 353070 — Correct: C — DOK: 3 — Standard: GSE E.4.c


31.

What kind of breeze is this and when would it form?

A. Land breeze - daytime


B. Land breeze - nighttime
C. Sea breeze - daytime
D. Sea breeze - nighttime

ID: 353079 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

32. Which is the best explanation for how air masses move across the United States?

A. The prevailing westerlies move air masses from west to east across the United
States but may be deflected by the jet stream.
B. The trade winds move air masses from west to east across the United States.
C. The jet stream moves air masses from the Pacific Ocean across the United States.
D. The warm air of the Gulf Stream causes air masses to move from the Atlantic
Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
ID: 353087 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

33. How do differences in air pressure affect the movement of air?

A. Air always moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure.
B. Air always moves from areas of low altitudes to high altitudes.
C. Air always moves from areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure.
D. Air always moves from east to west.

ID: 375289 — Correct: D — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.c

34. The Coriolis Effect is the curving of the path of a moving object in Earth's
atmosphere that is caused by Earth's rotation. How does the Coriolis Effect affect
winds globally?

A. it causes the air to move as wind


B. it causes winds to shift north and south
C. it causes winds to blow from any direction
D. it causes the wind to move in a curved path

ID: 353051 — Correct: A — DOK: 2 — Standard: GSE E.4.b

35. What is heat transfer? Choose the best answer.

A. Always moves from a warmer substance to a cooler substance.


B. Always moves from a cooler substance to a warmer substance.
C. The gravitational potential energy.
D. None of the above.

ID: 256079 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

36. What kind of weather does a cold front usually bring?


A. warm
B. stormy
C. sunny
D. tropical

ID: 256080 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

37. What kind of weather does a stationary front bring?

A. drizzly rain followed by clear weather


B. severe storms
C. many days of cloudy, wet weather
D. cold, dry weather

ID: 256081 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

38. A tornado is dangerous mostly because of its

A. heavy rains.
B. lightning.
C. strong winds.
D. storm surge.

ID: 256082 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

39. If there is a tornado warning for your area, you should

A. find a high place to stay.


B. go to a room with no windows or a basement.
C. cover your windows with plywood.
D. not listen to the radio.

ID: 256098 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b


40. Which of these BEST explains the reason that thunderstorms are likely to form on
a hot day?

A. Warm, humid air rises quickly and then cools.


B. As cold air slowly rises it loses humidity and causes rain.
C. The air is usually calm and allows the clouds to form.
D. Dry air rises quickly and forms low-level cloud layers.

ID: 256101 — Correct: D — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

41. A hurricane is dangerous mostly because of its

A. tsunami.
B. lightning.
C. undertow.
D. storm surge.

ID: 260383 — Correct: B — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

42.

Identify the following type of front

A. cold
B. stationary
C. warm
D. occluded

ID: 260384 — Correct: A — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b


43.

Identify the following type of front

A. cold
B. stationary
C. warm
D. occluded

ID: 260385 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

44.
Identify the following type of front

A. cold
B. stationary
C. warm
D. occluded

ID: 291158 — Correct: C — DOK: N — Standard: GPS04 E.4.b

45. The doldrums are characterized by

A. high pressure.
B. cool temperatures.
C. weak winds.
D. heavy air.