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I.

SECTION A

Using the following words complete the sentences. (10 marks)

(Velocity, centripetal force, attract, magnitude, Acceleration, derived units, frequency,


longitudinal, voltmeter, ampere)

1. Base units are fundamental units. Dimensions of ____________.are obtained from


those of base quantities by multiplication and division.
2. Speed is a scalar quantity whereas _________ is a vector quantity.
3. ____________.is the rate of change of velocity.
4. A scalar quantity has only ________. A vector quantity has both magnitude and
direction.
5. In circular motion things move in circles because the existence of _______________.
which is towards the centre and keeps the objects in a circular path.
6. If the particles of the medium are vibrating to and fro in the same direction of energy
transport, then the wave is a ___________.wave.
7. The number of cycles of a periodic wave occurring per unit time is defined as a
wave's ____.
8. The unit of current is ____________. .
9. The device used for measuring potential difference is known as____________.
10. Unlike charges ____________each other.

II. SECTION B
Choose the correct answer from the 4 options. (10 marks)

1. The force that is used in breaking system of the cars and slows down moving things

(a) weight (b) momentum (c) acceleration (d) friction

2. The unit of force is

(a) m/s (b) J (c) N (d) kg

3. Change in momentum is called

(a) density (b) pressure (c) impulse (d) upthrust

4. In 15 km there is

(a) 15 m (b) 1500 m (c) 0.015 m (d) 15,000 m


5. Formula that can be used to calculate density

(a) density = force/area (b) density = mass/area


(c) density = mass/volume (e) density = mass/area

6. What is the amplitude of the wave in the diagram below?

(a) 0.030 (b) 0.040 (c) 0.060 (d) 0.050

7. The wavelength of the wave in the diagram above (Question 6) is ____ m.


(b) 0.030 (b) 0.040 (c) 0.060 (d) 0.080

8. A car moves at an average speed of 60 miles per hour. In 2 hours, it will travel a
distance of-------------------
(a) 6 miles (b) 30 miles (c) 120 miles (d) none of these

9. A body of mass 2 kg is dropped from a height of 1m. Its kinetic energy as it touches
the ground is _______
(a) 19.6 N (b) 19.6J (c) 19.6 kg (d) 1906m

10. The potential difference required to pass a current 0.2 A in a wire of resistance 20Ωis
____________ .

(a) 100 V (b) 4V (c) .01V (d) 40V


III. SECTION (10 marks)

Match the column A and B


A B
1. Potential Energy a. Defined as the force per unit area of a
material.
2. Stress b. Electromagnetic induction
3. Planets c. Equal to the weight of the volume of fluid
that the object displaces.
4. Upthrust d. vector quantity
5. Density e. Comes from the gravity when it is lifted to
a height
6. Refraction f. Newton’s first law of motion
7. Lenz’s law g. mass per unit volume
8. capacitors h. Bending of light
9. displacement i. Travel in elliptical orbits with the sun at
one focus.
10.Law of inertia j. Sore electric charges

SECTION D

1. The following figure shows a distance-time graph for the motion of a boy.

(a) What is the distance covered by the boy in the first 6 seconds? (1 m)

......................................................................................................................................................

(b) Calculate the speed of the boy for the first 6 seconds? (2m)

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(c) Describe the motion of the boy between 6 s to 14 s. (1 m)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..…..………………………………………………………………………………………
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(d) Calculate the average speed of the boy? (2m)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
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(Total=6 marks)

2. Two spheres of each 3 kilogram are separated by 3.00 meters from their centre of
mass. (G = 6.61 x 10-11 Nm2/kg2)

Calculate the gravitational force acting on them. Show your calculation. (3 m)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………
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3. The figure shows a man climbing up a mountain using a safety rope.
(i) Calculate the weight of the man. (2 m)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
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(ii) Using the answer for (i) calculate the work done by the man to climb 50 m up
the mountain. (2 m)
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…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
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(iii) When he climbs up he gains energy. How does he get this energy? (1 m)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
(Total=5 marks)
4. Change the following units to standard units. (4 m)
(a) 45 mm
(b) 2500 µs
(c) 100 km
(d) 200 ns
5. (a) A boy walks 20 km in 5 hrs. What is his speed? (2 m)
………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..…..…………………………………………………………………………………

(b) Now the boy walks in a circle of radius 100m is 300s. Calculate;
(i) total distance travels ( 1 m)

…………………………………………………………………………………………………
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(ii) his speed (2 m)
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(Total =5 marks)
6. The picture shows some cables used in a suspension bridge.

The cross sectional area of one of the cable is 0.25 m2 and length is 5m.
a) If 1000 N for is applied to the cable, calculate the tensile stress. (2 m)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
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b) The length of the cable increases by 0.005 m during the peak time when most of
the vehicles use the bridge. Calculate the strain. (2m)
…………………………………………………………………………………………………
…..…..…………………………………………………………………………………………
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c) Calculate the young modulus for the cable. (3 m)


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(Total=7 marks)
7. A boy stands 165 m from a tall building and plays a musical note on a trumpet.

(a) If the sound takes 1s to travel, calculate the speed of sound in air. (2 m)

………………………………………………………………………………………………
……..…..……………………………………………………………………………………
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(b) If the frequency of the sound wave is 440 Hz, calculate the wave length of the sound.
(2 m)

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……..…..……………………………………………………………………………………
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Total= 4 marks
8. A ray of light passes from air to glass. The angle of the incident is 40o.

a) Calculate the angle of refraction if the refractive index of glass is 1.5. (2m)

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b) The speed of the light is 300,000 km/s, calculate the speed of sound in the glass. (2 m)
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(Total= 4marks)
9. Two positive charges of 6.0 x 10-6 C are separated by 0.50 m.

(a) What is the magnitude of the force between the charges? (2 m)

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(Total for Section D=40 marks)
List of equations and data:
Speed
Speed = distance
Time
S = D/t
Average speed = total distance
total time
Momentum
Momentum = mass x velocity
momentum = mv
Conservation of momentum
Total momentum before collision = total momentum after collision
Density=mass/volume =m/v
Workdone
Workdone = force x distance moved
Workdone = F x d
Gravity
Gravitation force
F = G m1m2 (where G = 6.61 x 10-11 Nm2/kg2)
R2
Weight = mass x gravitational field strength
W = mg (where g = 10 N/kg)
Pressure
Pressure = Force
Area
P = F/A
Electrostatic force
F = kQ1Q2/r2
K=8.99× 109 N m2 C–2
Wave equations
v=fλ
μ = sin i/sin r
Mechanics of soelids and liquids

Stress σ = F/A
Strain ε = Δx/x
Youngs modulus E = σ/ε

Energy

Potential energy PE=mgh


Kinetic energy KE= ½mv2
Potential difference V=IR