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# 4531/2

Section B
( 20 marks )
Answer any one question in this section.
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes .

10. Diagram 1.1 and Diagram 1.2 are the displacement-distance graphs of awater wave at
t = 0 and t = 0.3 s respectively .
Displacement Displacement

t = 0s t=0.3s
0 0
Distance Distance

## (a) Calculate the frequency of the wave . ( 2 marks)

(b) Draw the displacement –distance graph of the water wave at t = 1.4 s . ( 2 marks)
(c) Table 2 shows the displacement of a series of particles of a wave traveling towards
the right .

0 0
1 3.5
2 5.4
3 6
4 5.4
5 3.5
6 0
7 -3.5
8 -5.4
9 -6
10 -5.4
11 -3.5
12 0
TABLE 2

## i) Plot the displacement- distance graph of the wave . ( 4 marks )

ii) Sketch in the graph plotted, the waveform after a quarter of period . ( 2 marks)
iii) Which of the physical quantities of the wave can be obtained from the graph ? (2 marks)

iv) State the kind of wave described above . Explain briefly . ( 2 marks)

(d) Give one example of energy transmission through the wave . Discuss how the energy is
transmitted through the wave .

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(6 marks)
11. a) Diagrams (i) and (ii) show the waveforms produced when a slinky spring is
oscillating at one of its end .

i) State the types of wave produced in each of the diagrams. State one characteristic
for each of the wave produced . Give one example for each of the waves produced.
(6 marks)

ii) It is observed that a small piece of paper attached to each spring oscillates
accordingly. Describe the motion of the particles in the medium.
(2 marks)

iii) Describe the transmission of energy in a wave in relation to the vibration of the
particles in the medium. (2 marks)
iv) If the spring is vibrating more vigorously, what happens to the amplitude of the
waves produced? What is the relationship between the amplitude and the energy of
the waves?
(2 marks)

## b) i) What do you understand the term damping of an oscillation system?

(2 marks)
ii) Referring to a simple pendulum, explain how the damping effect of the oscillating
system occurs.
(4 marks)
iii) Sketch a graph of displacement against time in order to show how damping
occurs in an oscillating system.
(2 marks)

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Section C
( 20 marks )
Answer any one question in this section.
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes.

12.

a) Diagrams (i) and (ii) shows the plane view of sea waves heading towards the beach.

i) State the change to the wave pattern when the sea waves move near the beach.
ii) Explain the change in the speed of sea waves when the waves move near the
beach.
iii) State the locations of the cape and the bay in diagram (ii).
iv) Which location has the highest concentration of wave energy in diagram (ii)?

b) i) You are given a ripple tank, a glass plate of trapezium in shape and other suitable
apparatus. Describe an experiment to show how the phenomenon in (a) is true.
ii) State a simple method to determine the frequency of water wave produced
through vibration of a source on the surface of the water in a ripple tank.
(8 marks)

c) The diagram above shows the propagation of water wave in a ripple tank. The time
taken to propagate from position X to position Y is 0.5 s. Calculate

## i) the frequency of the water wave,

ii) the ratio of the a water wave velocity in position X to the water wave velocity in
position Y.
(4 marks)

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13. a)

Diagram (i) shows a straight vibrator producing plane water waves on a water
surfaces. The water waves are moving towards a gap. The experiment is reapeated as
shown in diagram (ii).

i) State the changes, if any, to the frequency, wavelength and speed of the water
waves produced.
ii) Sketch the waveform after passing through the gap in experiment (i).
iii)Which of the experiments has a greater bending effect for the waves after passing
iv) Suggest two methods which can be used to increase the wavelength of the water
waves.
(9 marks)

b) You are given a candle, matches, a loudspeaker and a signal generator. Describe a
method to demonstrate that sound waves are longitudinal waves.

(7 marks)

c) The diagram above shows a speaker unit with two speaker unit with two speaker
cones, a big one and a smaller one. One speaker cone emits low frequency sounds
and the other emits high frequency sounds. The sound waves generated by the
speaker cones will bend around the rims of the cones in away similar to water waves
bending around the corners of obstacles. Which cone is more suitable for emitting
(4 marks)

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Section B
(12 marks)

3. Diagram shows a teacher walking in an assembly hall where the school principal is giving a
speech. The teacher found that students in a few rows could not hear the principle’s voice
clearly.

When two loudspeakers are placed further apart as shown in Diagram 3.2, more student are
able to hear clearly to the principal’s voice.

(1 mark)

## b) state a suitable hypothesis to be investigated

c) by using two loudspeakers, an audio signal generator; a measuring tape and other
apparatus, explain an experimental set-up to test the hypothesis. In your experiment,
explain the following :

## i) Aim of the experiment

ii) Variables involved
iii) List of apparatus and materials
iv) Apparatus set-up
v) Procedure which include ways to control the manipulated variable and to measure
the responding variable.
vi) Tabulation of data
vii) Analysis of data
(10 marks)

4. Diagram 4.1 and Diagram 4.2 each shows an electric circuit with alight bulb connected to a
switch box.

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From the given information,
(1 mark)
a) state a suitable inference

## b) state a suitable hypothesis to be investigated

(1 mark)
c) by using ammeter, a low voltage power supply, a rheostat, a resistance box and other
apparatus, explain an experimental set-up to test the hypothesis. In your experiment,
explain the following :

## i) Aim of the experiment

ii) Variables involved
iii) List of apparatus and materials
iv) Apparatus set-up
v) Procedure which include ways to control the manipulated variable and to measure
the responding variable.
vi) Tabulation of data
vii) Analysis of data
(10 marks)

Section B
( 20 marks )
Answer any one question in this section.
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes .

1. Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 are the displacement-distance graphs of awater wave at t =
0 and t = 0.3 s respectively .

## (a) Calculate the frequency of the wave . ( 2 marks)

(b) Draw the displacement –distance graph of the water wave at t = 1.4 s . ( 2 marks)
(c) Table 2 shows the displacement of a series of particles of a wave traveling towards
the right .

0 0
1 3.5
2 5.4
3 6
4 5.4
5 3.5
6 0
7 -3.5
8 -5.4

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9 -6
10 -5.4
11 -3.5
12 0
TABLE 2

## i) Plot the displacement- distance graph of the wave . ( 4 marks )

ii) Sketch in the graph plotted, the waveform after a quarter of period . ( 2 marks)
iii) Which of the physical quantities of the wave can be obtained from the graph ? (2 marks)

iv) State the kind of wave described above . Explain briefly . ( 2 marks)

(d) Give one example of energy transmission through the wave . Discuss how the energy is
transmitted through the wave .
(6 marks)

Section A
( 28 marks )
The time suggested to complete this section is 60 minutes .

1. An experiment is carried out to investigate the refraction of light ray through a glass block .

A glass block is place on a piece of white paper on a table . A laser beam is incident at point
A of the glass block at an angle of incidence 10 as shown in Diagram 1.1 . The location of
the laser beam emerging from the order side of the glass block is marked with two pins at
points A1 and A2 .

DIAGRAM 1.1

The experiment is repeated with the incident angles of 20° , 30° , 40° and 50° . The laser
beams emerging from the glass blok are marked with points B1 and B2 and C1 and C2 , D1 and
D2 , E1 and E2 respectively .

## DIAGRAM 1.2 DIAGRAM 1.3

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(a) Based on the experimental results , state
(i) a manipulated variable ( 1marks )
(ii) a responding variable (1 marks )
(iii) a fixed variable (1 marks)

(b) In Diagram 1.2 and Diagram 1.3 , draw the straight lines which connect the pairs of points
A1 ang A2 , B1 and B2 , C1 and C2 , D1 and D2 , E1 and E2 respectively .

## Subsequently , complete the drawing within the glass block . ( 3 marks)

(c) By using a protractor , measure the angle of refraction r in the glass block for each pair
of light rays .
Tabulate your results of i , r , sin i , and sin r .
( 4 marks )

## (d) Plot a graph of sin i against sin r on a piece of graph paper .

( 5 marks)

(e) From the graph plotted , state a relationship between sin i and sin r .
( 1 marks)

2. In a simple pendulum experiment , a student obtains the values of the thread length l and
the corresponding periods of oscillation T .

## He plots a graph of T2 against l as shown in Diagram 2 .

The graph passed through the origin if extrapolated .

DIAGRAM 2

## (a) (i) State a relationship between T2 and l . (1 marks)

(ii) Calculate the period of oscillation , T , when the thread length l = 40.0 cm .
(3 marks)

(4 marks)

## (c) State one precaution for the experiment .

(1 marks)

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Section B
Answer any one question in this section .
The time suggested to complete this section is 30 minutes .

## 1. Diagram 4 shows a testing session for the sound systems in a hall .

Two sound system coordinators X and Y understand that fewer rows of audience can hear
the loud sound if the separation between the two loudspeakers is too close . They ask
workers A and B to adjust the separation between the two loudspeakers so that more rows
of audience can hear the loud sound . This enables more chairs to be filled in the hall to
accommodate for more audience .

## (a) State one suitable inference . (1 mark)

(b) State one suitable hypothesis (1 mark)
(c) With the use of apparatus such as two loudspeakers , a metre rule , an audio signal
Generator , a cathode ray oscilloscope, a microphone and other apparatus , describe
an experimental set-up to test the hypothesis .
In your description , state clearly the following :

## (i) Aim of the experiment

(ii) Variablesin the experiment
(iii) List of apparatus and materials
(iv) Apparatus set-up
(v) Procedure which include ways to control the manipulated variable and to
measure the responding variable
(vi) Tabulation of data
(vii) Analysis of data
( 10 marks)

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