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ENGINE

SECTION CO

ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM

CONTENTS

HRA2DDT

PRECAUTION

4

PRECAUTIONS

4

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TEN- SIONER"

4

Precautions Necessary for Steering Wheel Rota- tion After Battery Disconnection

4

Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

5

PREPARATION

7

PREPARATION

7

Special Service Tool

7

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

8

DESCRIPTION

8

Engine Cooling System

8

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

9

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

9

Troubleshooting Chart

9

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

11

ENGINE COOLANT

11

Inspection

11

Draining

11

Refilling

11

Flushing

13

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

15

Inspection

15

RADIATOR

16

Inspection

16

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

17

RADIATOR

Exploded View Removal and Installation Inspection

COOLING FAN

Exploded View

Removal and Installation Disassembly and Assembly

Inspection

WATER PUMP

Exploded View Removal and Installation Inspection

THERMOSTAT

Exploded View Removal and Installation Inspection

WATER OUTLET

Exploded View Removal and Installation

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS

(SDS)

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

Periodical Maintenance Specification Radiator Thermostat

PRECAUTION

PRECAUTIONS

MR20DD

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TEN-

SIONER" Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

CO-1

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17

17

19

20

20

20

21

21

22

22

22

23

25

25

25

26

27

27

27

29

29

29

29

29

30

30

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PREPARATION

31

PREPARATION

31

Commercial Service Tools

31

Lubricant or/and Sealant

31

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

32

DESCRIPTION

32

Engine Cooling System

32

Engine Cooling System Schematic

34

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

36

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

36

Troubleshooting Chart

36

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

38

ENGINE COOLANT

38

Inspection

38

Draining

38

Refilling

38

Flushing

40

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

41

Inspection

41

RADIATOR

42

Inspection

42

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

43

RADIATOR

43

Exploded View

43

Removal and Installation

43

Inspection

46

COOLING FAN

47

Exploded View

47

Removal and Installation

47

Disassembly and Assembly

48

Inspection

48

WATER PUMP

49

Exploded View

49

Removal and Installation

49

Inspection

49

THERMOSTAT

51

Exploded View

51

Removal and Installation

51

Inspection

52

WATER OUTLET

53

Exploded View

53

Removal and Installation

53

Inspection

54

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

56

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

56

Periodical Maintenance Specification

56

Radiator

56

Thermostat

56

Water Control Valve

56

K9K

PRECAUTION

57

PRECAUTIONS

57

Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

57

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TEN- SIONER"

58

Precaution Necessary for Steering Wheel Rota- tion after Battery Disconnect

58

Precaution for Liquid Gasket

59

PREPARATION

61

PREPARATION

61

Special Service Tool

61

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

62

DESCRIPTION

62

Cooling Circuit

62

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

63

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

63

Troubleshooting Chart

63

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

65

ENGINE COOLANT

65

Inspection

65

Draining

65

Refilling

65

Flushing

67

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

68

Inspection

68

RADIATOR

69

Inspection

69

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

70

RADIATOR

70

Exploded View

70

Removal and Installation

70

Inspection

72

COOLING FAN

73

Exploded View

73

Removal and Installation

73

Disassembly and Assembly

74

Inspection

74

WATER PUMP

75

CO-2

Exploded View

75

Removal and Installation

75

Inspection

75

THERMO PLUNGER UNIT

77

Exploded View

77

Removal and Installation

77

THERMOSTAT

79

Inspection

79

WATER OUTLET

80

Exploded View

80

Removal and Installation

80

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

81

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

81

Periodical Maintenance Specification

81

Radiator

81

Thermostat

81

R9M

PRECAUTION

82

PRECAUTIONS

82

Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

82

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TEN- SIONER"

83

PREPARATION

84

PREPARATION

84

Special Service Tool

84

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

85

DESCRIPTION

85

Engine Cooling System

85

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

87

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

87

Troubleshooting Chart

87

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

89

ENGINE COOLANT

89

Inspection

89

Draining

89

Refilling

89

Flushing

91

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

93

Inspection

93

RADIATOR

94

Inspection

94

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

95

RADIATOR

95

Exploded View

95

Removal and Installation

95

Inspection

97

COOLING FAN

98

Exploded View

98

Removal and Installation

98

Disassembly and Assembly

99

Inspection

99

WATER PUMP

100

Exploded View

100

Removal and Installation

100

Inspection

101

THERMO PLUNGER UNIT

102

Exploded View

102

Removal and Installation

102

WATER OUTLET

104

Exploded View

104

Removal and Installation

104

Inspection

105

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS

(SDS)

106

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS

(SDS)

106

Periodical Maintenance Specification

106

Radiator

106

Thermostat

106

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PRECAUTIONS

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[HRA2DDT]

PRECAUTION

PRECAUTIONS

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER"

INFOID:0000000010416335

The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the “SRS AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT” of this Service Manual.

The vehicle may be equipped with a passenger air bag deactivation switch. Because no rear seat exists where a rear-facing child restraint can be placed, the switch is designed to turn off the passenger air bag so that a rear-facing child restraint can be used in the front passenger seat. The switch is located in the center of the instrument panel, near the ashtray. When the switch is turned to the ON position, the passenger air bag is enabled and could inflate for certain types of collision. When the switch is turned to the OFF position, the pas- senger air bag is disabled and will not inflate. A passenger air bag OFF indicator on the instrument panel lights up when the passenger air bag is switched OFF. The driver air bag always remains enabled and is not affected by the passenger air bag deactivation switch.

WARNING:

Always observe the following items for preventing accidental activation.

• To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision that would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer.

• Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the “SRS AIR BAG”.

• Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Service Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or har- ness connectors.

• The vehicle may be equipped with a passenger air bag deactivation switch which can be operated by the customer. When the passenger air bag is switched OFF, the passenger air bag is disabled and will not inflate. When the passenger air bag is switched ON, the passenger air bag is enabled and could inflate for certain types of collision. After SRS maintenance or repair, make sure the passenger air bag deactivation switch is in the same position (ON or OFF) as when the vehicle arrived for ser- vice.

PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING POWER TOOLS (AIR OR ELECTRIC) AND HAMMERS

WARNING:

Always observe the following items for preventing accidental activation.

• When working near the Air Bag Diagnosis Sensor Unit or other Air Bag System sensors with the ignition ON or engine running, DO NOT use air or electric power tools or strike near the sensor(s) with a hammer. Heavy vibration could activate the sensor(s) and deploy the air bag(s), possibly causing serious injury.

• When using air or electric power tools or hammers, always switch the ignition OFF, disconnect the battery, and wait at least 3 minutes before performing any service.

Precautions Necessary for Steering Wheel Rotation After Battery Disconnection

INFOID:0000000010416336

CAUTION:

Comply with the following cautions to prevent any error and malfunction.

• Before removing and installing any control units, first turn the ignition switch to the LOCK position, then disconnect both battery cables.

• After finishing work, confirm that all control unit connectors are connected properly, then re-connect both battery cables.

• Always use CONSULT to perform self-diagnosis as a part of each function inspection after finishing work. If a DTC is detected, perform trouble diagnosis according to self-diagnosis results.

CO-4

PRECAUTIONS

< PRECAUTION >

[HRA2DDT]

For vehicle with steering lock unit, if the battery is disconnected or discharged, the steering wheel will lock and cannot be turned. If turning the steering wheel is required with the battery disconnected or discharged, follow the operation pro- cedure below before starting the repair operation.

OPERATION PROCEDURE

1. Connect both battery cables. NOTE:

Supply power using jumper cables if battery is discharged.

2. Turn the ignition switch to ACC position. (At this time, the steering lock will be released.)

3. Disconnect both battery cables. The steering lock will remain released with both battery cables discon- nected and the steering wheel can be turned.

4. Perform the necessary repair operation.

5. When the repair work is completed, re-connect both battery cables. With the brake pedal released, turn the ignition switch from ACC position to ON position, then to LOCK position. (The steering wheel will lock when the ignition switch is turned to LOCK position.)

6. Perform self-diagnosis check of all control units using CONSULT.

Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

INFOID:0000000010508564

• With the adoption of Auto ACC function, ACC power is automatically supplied by operating the intelligent key or remote keyless entry or by opening/closing the driver side door. In addition, ACC power is supplied even after the ignition switch is turned to the OFF position, i.e. ACC power is supplied for a certain fixed time.

• When disconnecting the 12V battery terminal, turn off the ACC power before disconnecting the 12V battery terminal, observing “How to disconnect 12V battery terminal” described below. NOTE:

Some ECUs operate for a certain fixed time even after ignition switch is turned OFF and ignition power supply is stopped. If the battery terminal is disconnected before ECU stops, accidental DTC detection or ECU data damage may occur.

• For vehicles with the 2-batteries, be sure to connect the main bat- tery and the sub battery before turning ON the ignition switch. NOTE:

SEF289H
SEF289H

If the ignition switch is turned ON with any one of the terminals of main battery and sub battery disconnected, then DTC may be detected.

• After installing the 12V battery, always check "Self Diagnosis Result" of all ECUs and erase DTC. NOTE:

The removal of 12V battery may cause a DTC detection error.

HOW TO DISCONNECT 12V BATTERY TERMINAL

Disconnect 12V battery terminal according to Instruction 1 or Instruction 2 described below. For vehicles parked by ignition switch OFF, refer to Instruction 2.

INSTRUCTION 1

1. Open the hood.

2. Turn key switch to the OFF position with the driver side door opened.

3. Get out of the vehicle and close the driver side door.

4. Wait at least 3 minutes. For vehicle with the engine listed below, remove the battery terminal after a lapse of the specified time.

D4D engine

: 20 minutes

HRA2DDT

: 12 minutes

K9K engine

: 4 minutes

M9R engine

: 4 minutes

R9M engine

: 4 minutes

V9X engine

: 4 minutes

CAUTION:

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While waiting, never operate the vehicle such as locking, opening, and closing doors. Violation of this caution results in the activation of ACC power supply according to the Auto ACC function.

5. Remove 12V battery terminal. CAUTION:

After installing 12V battery, always check self-diagnosis results of all ECUs and erase DTC.

INSTRUCTION 2 (FOR VEHICLES PARKED BY IGNITION SWITCH OFF)

1. Unlock the door with intelligent key or remote keyless entry. NOTE:

At this moment, ACC power is supplied.

2. Open the driver side door.

3. Open the hood.

4. Close the driver side door.

5. Wait at least 3 minutes. CAUTION:

While waiting, never operate the vehicle such as locking, opening, and closing doors. Violation of this caution results in the activation of ACC power supply according to the Auto ACC function.

6. Remove 12V battery terminal. CAUTION:

After installing 12V battery, always check self-diagnosis results of all ECUs and erase DTC.

CO-6

PREPARATION

< PREPARATION >

[HRA2DDT]

PREPARATION

PREPARATION

Special Service Tool

INFOID:0000000010505225

NISSAN tool number (RENAULT too number) Tool name

Description

WS39930000

 

Pressing the tube of liquid gasket

(

)

S-NT052
S-NT052

Tube pressure

Leak checking Checking reservoir tank cap

(M.S. 554-07)

MLIA0012E

MLIA0012E

Tester

 

Adapting tester to reservoir tank

(M.S. 554-01) Reservoir tank cap tester adapter A

(M.S. 554-01) Reservoir tank cap tester adapter A MLIA0013E

MLIA0013E

Adapting tester to reservoir tank cap

(M.S. 554-06) Reservoir tank cap tester adapter B

(M.S. 554-06) Reservoir tank cap tester adapter B MLIA0014E

MLIA0014E

NI. 205

 

Refilling engine cooling system

LMA053
LMA053

Coolant refill tool

 

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DESCRIPTION

< SYSTEM DESCRIPTION >

[HRA2DDT]

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

Engine Cooling System

INFOID:0000000010416338

E1BIA1143ZZ
E1BIA1143ZZ

1.

Heater core

2.

Water outlet valve

3.

Water outlet air relief plug

4.

Water outlet

5.

Oil cooler

6.

Radiator air relief plug

7.

Radiator

8.

Water inlet and thermostat assembly

9.

Water pump

10.

Reservoir tank

11.

Engine

12.

Turbocharger

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

CO-8

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

[HRA2DDT]

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

Troubleshooting Chart

INFOID:0000000010416340

 

Symptom

Check items

   

Water pump malfunction

Worn or loose drive belt

 

Thermostat stuck closed

Poor heat transfer

Damaged fins

Dust contamination or pa- per clogging

Physical damage

Clogged radiator cooling tube

Excess foreign material (rust, dirt, sand, etc.)

 

Cooling fan does not oper- ate

   

Reduced air flow

High resistance to fan rota- tion

Fan assembly

Damaged fan blades

Damaged radiator shroud

Cooling sys-

Improper engine coolant mixture ratio

 

———

 

tem parts

malfunction

Poor engine coolant quality

Engine coolant viscosity

     

Cooling hose

Loose clamp

Cracked hose

Water pump

Poor sealing

Radiator cap

Loose

Engine coolant leakage

Poor sealing

Insufficient engine coolant

 

O-ring for damage, deterio- ration or improper fitting

Radiator

Cracked radiator tank

Cracked radiator core

Reservoir tank

Cracked reservoir tank

 

Exhaust gas leakage into cooling system

Cylinder head deterioration

Overflowing reservoir tank

Cylinder head gasket deteri- oration

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OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

[HRA2DDT]

 

Symptom

Check items

       

High engine rpm under no load

Abusive driving

Driving in low gear for ex- tended time

Driving at extremely high speed

Overload on engine

Power train system mal- function

 

Except cool-

Installed improper size wheels and tires

ing system

parts mal-

Dragging brakes

function

Improper ignition timing

 

Blocked bumper

 
 

Installed car brassiere

Blocked or restricted air flow

Blocked radiator grille

Mud contamination or paper clogging

Blocked radiator

Blocked condenser

Blocked air flow

Installed large fog lamp

CO-10

ENGINE COOLANT

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[HRA2DDT]

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

ENGINE COOLANT

Inspection

LEVEL

• Check if the reservoir tank engine coolant level is within the “MIN” to “MAX” when the engine is cool.

• Adjust the engine coolant level as necessary.

• Check that the reservoir tank cap is tightened. WARNING:

Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns could occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from reservoir tank.

LEAKAGE

• To check for leakage, fit the adapter (A) to the reservoir tank, and then connect it to the reservoir tank cap tester [SST: — (M.S.554- 07)] (B) as shown.

Testing pressure: Refer to CO-106, "Radiator".

WARNING:

Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns could occur from high-pressure engine coolant escap- ing from reservoir tank. CAUTION:

Higher test pressure than specified may cause radiator dam- age.

INFOID:0000000010450832

E1BIA1145ZZ
E1BIA1145ZZ
E1BIA1146ZZ
E1BIA1146ZZ

• If anything is found, repair or replace damaged parts.

Draining

WARNING:

• Never remove radiator cap when engine is hot. Serious burns may occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from radiator.

INFOID:0000000010416342

• Wrap a thick cloth around the radiator cap. Slowly turn it a quarter of a turn to release built-up pres- sure. Then turn it all the way.

1. Remove engine under cover.

2. Remove reservoir tank cap.

3. Open radiator drain plug (1) of radiator.

E1BIA1139ZZ
E1BIA1139ZZ

INFOID:0000000010416343

plug (1) of radiator. E1BIA1139ZZ INFOID:0000000010416343 : Vehicle front CAUTION: Perform this step when engine is

: Vehicle front

CAUTION:

Perform this step when engine is cold.

4. Remove reservoir tank if necessary, and drain engine coolant and clean reservoir tank before installing. Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View".

5. Check drained engine coolant for contaminants such as rust, corrosion or discoloration. If contaminated, flush the engine cooling system. Refer to CO-13, "Flushing".

Refilling

CAUTION:

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ENGINE COOLANT

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• Never put additive such as waterleak preventive, since it may cause cooling waterway clogging.

• When refilling use Genuine NISSAN Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant (blue) or equivalent in its quality mixed with water (distilled or demineralized). Refer to MA-59, "Fluids and Lubricants".

1. Install reservoir tank if removed and radiator drain plug (1). CAUTION:

E1BIA1139ZZ
E1BIA1139ZZ

Be sure to clean drain plug and install with new O-ring.

2. Check that each hose clamp has been firmly tightened.

3. Open radiator air relief plug (1).

been firmly tightened. 3. Open radiator air relief plug (1). : Vehicle front E1BIA1141ZZ 4. Disconnect

: Vehicle front

E1BIA1141ZZ
E1BIA1141ZZ

4. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position (

E1BIA1141ZZ 4. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure.

: Vehicle front

4. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure. •

) in the figure.

• Enhance heater hose as high as possible.

5. Open water outlet air relief plug (1).

high as possible. 5. Open water outlet air relief plug (1). : Vehicle front JPBIA4208ZZ E1BIA1140ZZ

: Vehicle front

JPBIA4208ZZ
JPBIA4208ZZ
E1BIA1140ZZ
E1BIA1140ZZ

6. Fill reservoir tank with engine coolant. CAUTION:

Never adhere the engine coolant to electronic equipments (alternator etc.).

Pour coolant slowly of less than 3

(alternator etc.). • Pour coolant slowly of less than 3 (2-5/8 Imp qt) per minute to

(2-5/8 Imp qt) per minute to allow air in system to escape.

CO-12

ENGINE COOLANT

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[HRA2DDT]

Engine coolant capacity (With reservoir tank at “MAX” level) Refer to CO-29, "Periodical Maintenance Specifica- tion".

7. When engine coolant spill from radiator air relief plug with continuous flow, close air relief plug and con- tinue filling reservoir tank.

8. When engine coolant spill from water outlet air relief plug with continuous flow, close air relief plug and continue filling reservoir tank.

9. When engine coolant spill from heater hose with continuous flow, connect heater hose and continue filling reservoir tank until reach “MAX” level

JPBIA0102ZZ
JPBIA0102ZZ

A

B : MIN

: MAX

Reservoir tank engine coolant capacity (At “MAX” level) Refer to CO-29, "Periodical Maintenance Specification".

10.

11. Install radiator cap.

12. Warm up engine at 3000 rpm until thermostat is opened.

• Check thermostat opening condition by touching radiator hose (lower) to see a flow of warm water.

CAUTION:

Watch water temperature gauge so as not to overheat engine.

13. Stop the engine and cool down to less than approximately 50° C (122 ° F).

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• Cool down using fan to reduce the time.

• If necessary, refill radiator up to filler neck with engine coolant. CAUTION:

Never adhere the engine coolant to electronic equipments (alternator etc.).

14. Refill reservoir tank to “MAX” level line with engine coolant.

15. Repeat steps 11 through 15 two or more times with radiator cap installed until engine coolant level no longer drops.

16. Check cooling system for leakage with engine running.

17. Warm up the engine, and check for flowing noise while repeat at least three time slow acceleration from idle up to 3,000 rpm.

18. If flowing noise is heard, bleed air from cooling system by repeating step 11 through 17 until flowing noise is no longer heard.

Flushing

INFOID:0000000010416344

1. Install reservoir tank if removed and radiator drain plug (1). CAUTION:

Be sure to clean drain plug and install with new O-ring.

CO-13

E1BIA1139ZZ
E1BIA1139ZZ

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ENGINE COOLANT

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[HRA2DDT]

2. Open radiator air relief plug (1).

H R A 2 D D T ] 2. Open radiator air relief plug (1). :

: Vehicle front

E1BIA1141ZZ
E1BIA1141ZZ

3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position (

E1BIA1141ZZ 3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure.

: Vehicle front

3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure. •

) in the figure.

• Enhance heater as high as possible.

4. Open water outlet air relief plug (1).

high as possible. 4. Open water outlet air relief plug (1). : Vehicle front 5. Fill

: Vehicle front

5. Fill reservoir tank with water.

JPBIA4208ZZ
JPBIA4208ZZ
E1BIA1140ZZ
E1BIA1140ZZ

• When engine coolant over flows opened radiator air relief plug, close air relief plug, and continue filling the engine coolant.

• When engine coolant over flows opened water outlet air relief plug, close air relief plug, and continue fill- ing the engine coolant.

• When engine coolant over flows disconnected heater hose, connect heater hose, and continue filling the engine coolant.

6. Install radiator cap.

7. Run the engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.

8. Rev the engine two or three times under no-load.

9. Stop the engine and wait until it cools down.

10. Drain water from the system. Refer to CO-11, "Draining".

11. Repeat steps 1 through 10 until clear water begins to drain from radiator.

CO-14

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[HRA2DDT]

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

Inspection

• Fit the adapter to the reservoir tank cap tester [SST: — (M.S. 554- 07)] (A) as shown.

• When connecting the reservoir tank cap to the reservoir tank cap tester, apply water or LLC to the reservoir tank cap seal part.

• Check reservoir tank cap relief pressure.

Standard: Refer to CO-106, "Radiator".

• Replace the reservoir tank cap if the engine coolant passes through it, or if any fur signs is detected. CAUTION:

When installing reservoir tank cap, thoroughly wipe out the res- ervoir tank filler neck to remove any waxy residue or foreign material.

INFOID:0000000010450963

E1BIA0057ZZ
E1BIA0057ZZ

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RADIATOR

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[HRA2DDT]

RADIATOR

Inspection

INFOID:0000000010416346

Check radiator for mud or clogging. If necessary, clean radiator as follows. CAUTION:

• Never bend or damage radiator fins.

• When radiator is cleaned without removal, remove all surrounding parts such as radiator cooling fan assembly and horns. Then tape harness and harness connectors to prevent water from entering.

1. Apply water by hose to the back side of the radiator core vertically downward.

2. Apply water again to all radiator core surfaces once per minute.

3. Stop washing if any stains no longer flow out from radiator.

4. Blow air into the back side of radiator core vertically downward. • Use compressed air lower than 490 kPa (4.9 bar, 5 kg/cm 2 , 71 psi) and keep distance more than 30 cm (11.81 in).

5. Blow air again into all the radiator core surfaces once per minute until no water sprays out.

CO-16

RADIATOR

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

RADIATOR

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000010416347

E1BIA1116GB
E1BIA1116GB

1.

Radiator core support

2.

Radiator hose (upper)

3.

Radiator hose (lower)

4.

Cooling fan assembly

5.

Clip

6.

Air guide (LH)

7.

Mounting rubber

8.

Radiator

9.

Air guide (Lower)

10.

Air guide (RH)

11.

Intercooler

12.

Radiator mounting bracket

13.

Bolt

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

REMOVAL

WARNING:

• Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns may occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from radiator.

• Wrap a thick cloth around the reservoir tank cap. Slowly turn it a quarter of a turn to release built-up pressure. Then turn it all the way.

INFOID:0000000010416348

CO-17

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RADIATOR

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

NOTE:

When removing components such as hoses, tubes/lines, etc., cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spill- ing.

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

• Perform this step when the engine is cold.

• Never spill engine coolant on drive belt.

2. Remove front bumper. Refer to EXT-19, "Removal and Installation".

3. Remove air inlet tube and air inlet hose. Refer to EM-27, "Removal and Installation".

4. Remove charge air cooler. Refer to EM-27, "Removal and Installation".

5. Separate condenser from radiator.

6. Remove radiator hose (upper and lower).

7. Disconnect harness connectors from cooling fan, and move harness aside.

8. Remove radiator and cooling fan assembly.

CAUTION:

Be careful not to damage radiator core and condenser core.

NOTE:

In case of lower pin radiator is damaged, it can be repaired instead of replacing the radiator.

9. Separate radiator from condenser.

INSTALLATION

Install in the reverse order of removal. CAUTION:

Do not reuse O-rings.

Radiator

NOTE:

When installing radiator core support (upper), check that both upper and lower mounts of radiator are inserted in the mounting holes of radiator core support (upper, lower). CAUTION:

Use genuine mounting bolts for the cooling fan assembly and strictly observe the tightening torque. (Breakage prevention for radiator)

Radiator hose

NOTE:

Insert the radiator hose (1) all the way to the stopper (2) or by 33 mm (1.30 in) (hose without a stopper).

JPBIA4294GB
JPBIA4294GB

Unit: mm (in)

A.

Radiator side

B.

Engine side

• For the orientation of the hose clamp pawl, refer to the figure.

CO-18

RADIATOR

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

Radiator hose

Hose end

Paint mark

Position of hose clamp*

Radiator hose (upper)

Radiator side

Upper

A

Engine side

Upper

B

Radiator hose (lower)

Radiator side

Lower

C

Engine side

Upper

D

*: Refer to the illustrations for the specific position each hose clamp tab.

JPBIA3911ZZ
JPBIA3911ZZ

E.

the specific position each hose clamp tab. JPBIA3911ZZ E. View E : Vehicle upper f. 45

View E : Vehicle upper

f.

45 °

• The angle (b) created by the hose clamp pawl and the specified line (A) must be within ± 30 as shown in the figure.

• To install hose clamps (1), check that the dimension (A) from the end of the hose clamp on the radiator hose to the hose clamp is within the reference value.

Dimension “A”

: 3 mm (0.12 in)

g.

45 °

JPBIA4295ZZ
JPBIA4295ZZ
JSBIA0241ZZ
JSBIA0241ZZ

Inspection

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION

• Check for leakage of engine coolant using the radiator cap tester adapter (commercial service tool) and the radiator cap tester (commercial service tool). Refer to CO-19, "Inspection".

• Start and warm up the engine. Check visually that there is no leakage of engine coolant.

INFOID:0000000010416349

CO-19

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COOLING FAN

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

COOLING FAN

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000010416350

E1BIA1117GB
E1BIA1117GB

1.

Fan shroud

2.

Fan motor

3.

Resistor

4.

Radiator

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

REMOVAL

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

• Perform this step engine is cold.

• Never spill engine coolant on drive belt.

INFOID:0000000010416351

2. Remove front bumper. Refer to EXT-19, "Removal and Installation".

3. Remove air inlet tube and air inlet hose. Refer to EM-27, "Removal and Installation".

4. Remove charge air cooler. Refer to EM-27, "Removal and Installation".

5. Disconnect harness connectors from cooling fan, and move harness to aside.

6. Remove cooling fan assembly. CAUTION:

Be careful not to damage or scratch on radiator core when removing.

INSTALLATION

Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal. CAUTION:

Only use genuine parts for fan shroud mounting bolt and observe the specified torque (to prevent radiator from being damaged). NOTE:

Cooling fan is controlled by ECM. For details, Refer to ECH-31, "COOLING FAN CONTROL : System Descrip- tion".

CO-20

COOLING FAN

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

Disassembly and Assembly

DISASSEMBLY

1. Remove cooling fan mounting nut, and then remove the cooling fan.

2. Remove fan motor.

ASSEMBLY

Note the following, and assemble in the reverse order of disassembly.

• Apply genuine high strength thread locking sealant on fan motor shaft.

Inspection

INSPECTION AFTER DISASSEMBLY

Cooling Fan

Inspect cooling fan for crack or unusual bend.

• If anything is found, replace cooling fan.

INFOID:0000000010416352

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CO-21

WATER PUMP

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

WATER PUMP

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000010416354

E1BIA1119GB
E1BIA1119GB

1.

Water pump pulley

2.

Water pump

3.

Gasket

4.

Cylinder block

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

REMOVAL

INFOID:0000000010416355

NOTE:

When removing components such as hoses, tubes/lines, etc., cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spill- ing.

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

• Perform this step when the engine is cold.

• Never spill engine coolant on drive belt.

2. Steer front wheel to the right.

3. Remove front fender protector (RH). Refer to EXT-32, "Removal and Installation".

4. Loosen mounting bolts of water pump pulley before loosening belt tension of drive belt.

5. Remove drive belt. Refer to EM-21, "Removal and Installation".

6. Remove water pump pulley.

7. Remove water pump.

CO-22

WATER PUMP

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

• Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure.

• Engine coolant will leak from cylinder block, so have a recep- tacle ready below. CAUTION:

• Handle water pump vane so that it does not contact any other parts. • Water pump cannot be disassembled and should be replaced as a unit.

KBIA3393J
KBIA3393J

INSTALLATION

Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal.

Water pump

A

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• Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure. CAUTION:

Do not re-use gasket.

Water pump pulley

CAUTION:

Never install mounting bolts (A) to oblong holes (B) of water pump pulley (1).

Inspection

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL

• Check visually that there is no significant dirt or rusting on water pump body and vane (A).

• Check that there is no looseness in vane shaft, and that it turns smoothly when rotated by hand.

• Replace water pump, if necessary.

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION

CO-23

KBIA3393J
KBIA3393J
PBIC3809E
PBIC3809E

INFOID:0000000010416356

PBIC3808E
PBIC3808E

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WATER PUMP

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

• Check for leakage of engine coolant using the radiator cap tester adapter (commercial service tool) and the radiator cap tester (commercial service tool). Refer to CO-19, "Inspection".

• Start and warm up the engine. Check visually that there is no leakage of engine coolant.

CO-24

THERMOSTAT

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

THERMOSTAT

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000010416357

E1BIA1118GB
E1BIA1118GB

1.

Water inlet

2.

Water inlet gasket

3.

Cylinder block

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

NOTE:

When removing components such as hoses, tubes/lines, etc., cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spill- ing.

INFOID:0000000010416358

REMOVAL

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

Perform this step when engine is cold.

2. Remove intake manifold. Refer to EM-25, "Removal and Installation"

3. Disconnect water hose from water inlet.

4. Disconnect water inlet connector.

5. Remove thermostat and water inlet assembly.

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• Engine coolant will leak from cylinder block, so have a receptacle ready below.

NOTE:

Thermostat can not be separated from water inlet.

INSTALLATION

Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal.

Thermostat

• Thermostat can not be separated from water inlet.

CO-25

P

THERMOSTAT

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

Water inlet

CAUTION:

Do not reuse water inlet gasket.

Inspection

INFOID:0000000010416359

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL

Thermostat

• Place a thread (A) so that it is caught in the valves of thermostat (1). Immerse fully in a container (B) filled with water. Heat while stirring.

• The valve opening temperature is the temperature at which the valve opens and falls from the thread.

• Continue heating. Check the full open valve lift amount.

• After checking the maximum valve lift amount, lower the water temperature and check the valve closing temperature.

PBIC3314J
PBIC3314J

Standard: Refer to CO-29, "Thermostat".

• If out of the standard, replace thermostat.

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION

• Check for leakage of engine coolant using the radiator cap tester adapter (commercial service tool) and the radiator cap tester (commercial service tool). Refer to CO-19, "Inspection".

• Start and warm up the engine. Check visually that there is no leakage of engine coolant.

CO-26

WATER OUTLET

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

WATER OUTLET

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000010416360

E1BIA1120GB
E1BIA1120GB

1.

Water outlet

2.

Gasket

Refer to GI-4, "Components" for symbol marks in the figure.

Removal and Installation

REMOVAL

3.

Cylinder head

INFOID:0000000010416361

NOTE:

When removing components such as hoses, tubes/lines, etc., cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spill- ing.

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

• Perform this step when engine is cold.

2. Remove battery. Refer to PG-155, "Removal and Installation"

3. Disconnect vacuum hose from water outlet valve.

4. Disconnect harness connector from engine coolant temperature sensor.

5. Disconnect water hose from water outlet.

CO-27

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WATER OUTLET

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[HRA2DDT]

6. Remove water outlet.

• Loosen mounting bolts in reverse order as shown in the figure.

• Engine coolant will leak from cylinder block, so have a recep- tacle ready below.

7. Remove engine coolant temperature sensor from water outlet, if necessary.

E1BIA1142ZZ
E1BIA1142ZZ

INSTALLATION

Note the following, and install in the reverse order of removal.

CAUTION:

Do not re-use gasket • Tighten mounting bolts in numerical order as shown in the figure.

CO-28

E1BIA1142ZZ
E1BIA1142ZZ

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

< SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

[HRA2DDT]

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

 

A

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

 

Periodical Maintenance Specification

 

INFOID:0000000010416362

CO

ENGINE COOLANT CAPACITY (APPROXIMATE)

Unit:

ENGINE COOLANT CAPACITY (APPROXIMATE) Unit: (Imp qt) C

(Imp qt)

C

Engine coolant capacity (With reservoir tank at “MAX” level)

   

6.5 (5-3/4)

Reservoir tank engine coolant capacity (At “MAX” level)

   

0.8 (3/4)

 

D

Radiator

INFOID:0000000010416363

Unit: kPa (bar, kg/cm 2 , psi)

E

Reservoir tank cap relief pressure

 

140

(1.4, 1.4, 20)

 

Leakage testing pressure

 

140

(1.4, 1.4, 20)

 

Thermostat

INFOID:0000000010416364

F

Standard

G

Valve opening temperature

 

77 - 80 °C (170 - 176 °F)

 

Valve full opening temperature

 

90 °C (194 °F)

 
 

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CO-29

PRECAUTIONS

< PRECAUTION >

[MR20DD]

PRECAUTION

PRECAUTIONS

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER"

INFOID:0000000010665065

The Supplemental Restraint System such as “AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER”, used along with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the “SRS AIR BAG” and “SEAT BELT” of this Service Manual. WARNING:

Always observe the following items for preventing accidental activation.

• To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision that would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer.

• Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see “SRS AIR BAG”.

• Never use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Ser- vice Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or harness connectors.

PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING POWER TOOLS (AIR OR ELECTRIC) AND HAMMERS

WARNING:

Always observe the following items for preventing accidental activation.

• When working near the Air Bag Diagnosis Sensor Unit or other Air Bag System sensors with the ignition ON or engine running, never use air or electric power tools or strike near the sensor(s) with a hammer. Heavy vibration could activate the sensor(s) and deploy the air bag(s), possibly causing serious injury.

• When using air or electric power tools or hammers, always switch the ignition OFF, disconnect the battery, and wait at least 3 minutes before performing any service.

Precautions for Removing Battery Terminal

• When removing the 12V battery terminal, turn OFF the ignition switch and wait at least 30 seconds. NOTE:

ECU may be active for several tens of seconds after the ignition switch is turned OFF. If the battery terminal is removed before ECU stops, then a DTC detection error or ECU data corruption may occur.

• For vehicles with the 2-batteries, be sure to connect the main bat- tery and the sub battery before turning ON the ignition switch. NOTE:

If the ignition switch is turned ON with any one of the terminals of main battery and sub battery disconnected, then DTC may be detected.

• After installing the 12V battery, always check "Self Diagnosis Result" of all ECUs and erase DTC. NOTE:

INFOID:0000000010665066

SEF289H
SEF289H

The removal of 12V battery may cause a DTC detection error.

CO-30

PREPARATION

< PREPARATION >

[MR20DD]

PREPARATION

PREPARATION

Commercial Service Tools

INFOID:0000000010665067

Tool name

Description

Radiator cap tester

Checking radiator and radiator cap

 
PBIC1982E
PBIC1982E

Radiator cap tester adapter

Adapting radiator cap tester to radiator cap and water outlet (front) filler neck a: 28 (1.10) dia. b: 31.4 (1.236) dia. c: 41.3 (1.626) dia. Unit: mm (in)

 
S-NT564
S-NT564

Lubricant or/and Sealant

INFOID:0000000010665068

Name

Description

Note

Three bond 1303

Cooling fan

Fan moter shaft

CO-31

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DESCRIPTION

< SYSTEM DESCRIPTION >

[MR20DD]

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

Engine Cooling System

INFOID:0000000010665069

CVT models

JPBIA6908ZZ
JPBIA6908ZZ

Electric control throttle actuatorSystem INFOID:0000000010665069 CVT models JPBIA6908ZZ Water inlet Water outlet From radiator From CVT oil

Water inlet Water outlet From radiator From CVT oil warmer
Water outlet Water inlet From radiator From CVT oil warmer
From radiator Water inlet Water outlet From CVT oil warmer
From CVT oil warmerWater inlet Water outlet From radiator

inlet Water outlet From radiator From CVT oil warmer Water pump Oil cooler To CVT oil

Water pump

Oil cooleroutlet From radiator From CVT oil warmer Water pump To CVT oil warmer From heater CO-32

To CVT oil warmer From heater
From heaterTo CVT oil warmer

CO-32

warmer Water pump Oil cooler To CVT oil warmer From heater CO-32 Thermostat Water control valve

Thermostat

Water control valveFrom CVT oil warmer Water pump Oil cooler To CVT oil warmer From heater CO-32 Thermostat

To radiatorFrom CVT oil warmer Water pump Oil cooler To CVT oil warmer From heater CO-32 Thermostat

To heaterFrom CVT oil warmer Water pump Oil cooler To CVT oil warmer From heater CO-32 Thermostat

DESCRIPTION

< SYSTEM DESCRIPTION >

[MR20DD]

M/T models

JPBIA6909ZZ
JPBIA6909ZZ

Water pump

Water inlet

Water outlet2 0 D D ] M/T models JPBIA6909ZZ Water pump Water inlet From radiator To heater

] M/T models JPBIA6909ZZ Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil

] M/T models JPBIA6909ZZ Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil

] M/T models JPBIA6909ZZ Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil

From radiator

To heaterWater pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33 Water inlet

Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33

Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33

Water pump Water inlet Water outlet From radiator To heater Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33

Thermostat

Oil cooler

To radiator

CO-33

radiator To heater Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33 Water inlet Water control valve From heater

Water inlet

Water control valveFrom radiator To heater Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33 Water inlet From heater A CO

Thermostat Oil cooler To radiator CO-33 Water inlet Water control valve From heater A CO C

From heater

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DESCRIPTION

< SYSTEM DESCRIPTION >

[MR20DD]

Engine Cooling System Schematic

INFOID:0000000010665070

CVT models

JPBIA6910GB
JPBIA6910GB

CO-34

DESCRIPTION

< SYSTEM DESCRIPTION >

[MR20DD]

M/T models

JPBIA6911GB
JPBIA6911GB

CO-35

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OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

[MR20DD]

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

Troubleshooting Chart

INFOID:0000000010665071

 

Symptom

Check items

   

Water pump malfunction

Worn or loose drive belt

 

Thermostat and water con- trol valve stuck closed

Poor heat transfer

Damaged fins

Dust contamination or pa- per clogging

Physical damage

Clogged radiator cooling tube

Excess foreign material (rust, dirt, sand, etc.)

 

Cooling fan does not oper- ate

   

Reduced air flow

High resistance to fan rota- tion

Fan assembly

Damaged fan blades

Damaged radiator shroud

Cooling sys-

Improper engine coolant mixture ratio

 

———

 

tem parts

malfunction

Poor engine coolant quality

Engine coolant viscosity

   

Cooling hose

Loose clamp

Cracked hose

Water pump

Poor sealing

Reservoir tank cap

Loose

Engine coolant leakage

Poor sealing

Insufficient engine coolant

 

O-ring for damage, deterio- ration or improper fitting

Radiator

Cracked radiator tank

Cracked radiator core

Reservoir tank

Cracked reservoir tank

 

Exhaust gas leakage into cooling system

Cylinder head deterioration

Overflowing reservoir tank

Cylinder head gasket deteri- oration

CO-36

OVERHEATING CAUSE ANALYSIS

< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

[MR20DD]

 

Symptom

Check items

       

High engine rpm under no load

Abusive driving

Driving in low gear for ex- tended time

Driving at extremely high speed

Overload on engine

Power train system mal- function

 

Except cool-

Installed improper size wheels and tires

ing system

parts mal-

Dragging brakes

function

Improper ignition timing

 

Blocked bumper

 
 

Installed car brassiere

Blocked or restricted air flow

Blocked radiator grille

Mud contamination or paper clogging

Blocked radiator

Blocked condenser

Blocked air flow

Installed large fog lamp

CO-37

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ENGINE COOLANT

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[MR20DD]

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

ENGINE COOLANT

Inspection

INFOID:0000000010675878

LEVEL

• Check if the reservoir tank engine coolant level is within the “MIN” to “MAX” when the engine is cool.

• Adjust the engine coolant level as necessary.

• Check that the reservoir tank cap is tightened. WARNING:

Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns could occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from reservoir tank.

E1BIA1145ZZ
E1BIA1145ZZ

LEAKAGE

• To check for leakage, fit the adapter (B) to the reservoir tank, and then connect it to the reservoir tank cap tester [SST: — (M.S.554- 07)] (A) as shown.

Testing pressure: Refer to CO-106, "Radiator".

WARNING:

Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns could occur from high-pressure engine coolant escap- ing from reservoir tank. CAUTION:

Higher test pressure than specified may cause radiator dam- age.

E1BIA1147ZZ
E1BIA1147ZZ

• If anything is found, repair or replace damaged parts.

Draining

WARNING:

• Never remove radiator cap when engine is hot. Serious burns may occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from radiator.

• Wrap a thick cloth around the radiator cap. Slowly turn it a quarter of a turn to release built-up pres- sure. Then turn it all the way.

1. Remove engine under cover.

2. Remove reservoir tank cap.

3. Open radiator drain plug (1) of radiator.

INFOID:0000000010675879

E1BIA1139ZZ
E1BIA1139ZZ

INFOID:0000000010675880

INFOID:0000000010675879 E1BIA1139ZZ INFOID:0000000010675880 : Vehicle front CAUTION: Perform this step when engine is

: Vehicle front

CAUTION:

Perform this step when engine is cold.

4. Remove reservoir tank if necessary, and drain engine coolant and clean reservoir tank before installing. Refer to CO-17, "Exploded View".

5. Check drained engine coolant for contaminants such as rust, corrosion or discoloration. If contaminated, flush the engine cooling system. Refer to CO-40, "Flushing".

Refilling

CAUTION:

CO-38

ENGINE COOLANT

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[MR20DD]

• Never put additive such as waterleak preventive, since it may cause cooling waterway clogging.

• When refilling use Genuine NISSAN Long Life Antifreeze/Coolant (blue) or equivalent in its quality mixed with water (distilled or demineralized). Refer to MA-59, "Fluids and Lubricants".

1. Install reservoir tank if removed and radiator drain plug (1). CAUTION:

E1BIA1139ZZ
E1BIA1139ZZ

Be sure to clean drain plug and install with new O-ring.

2. Check that each hose clamp has been firmly tightened.

3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position (

tightened. 3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure.

: Vehicle front

3. Disconnect heater hose (1) at position ( : Vehicle front ) in the figure. •

) in the figure.

• Enhance heater hose as high as possible.

4. Fill reservoir tank with engine coolant. CAUTION:

JPBIA4208ZZ
JPBIA4208ZZ

Never adhere the engine coolant to electronic equipments (alternator etc.).

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Pour coolant slowly of less than 3

• Pour coolant slowly of less than 3 (2-5/8 Imp qt) per minute to allow air

(2-5/8 Imp qt) per minute to allow air in system to escape.

Engine coolant capacity (With reservoir tank at “MAX” level) Refer to CO-81, "Periodical Maintenance Specifica- tion".

5. When engine coolant spill from heater hose with continuous flow, connect heater hose and continue filling reservoir tank until reach “MAX” level

A : MAX

B : MIN

Reservoir tank engine coolant capacity (At “MAX” level) Refer to CO-81, "Periodical Maintenance Specification".

6.

7. Install radiator cap.

8. Warm up engine at 3000 rpm until thermostat is opened.

JPBIA0102ZZ
JPBIA0102ZZ

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• Check thermostat opening condition by touching radiator hose (lower) to see a flow of warm water. CAUTION:

Watch water temperature gauge so as not to overheat engine.

CO-39

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[MR20DD]

RESERVOIR TANK CAP

Inspection

• Fit the adapter to the reservoir tank cap tester [SST: — (M.S. 554- 07)] (A) as shown.

• When connecting the reservoir tank cap to the reservoir tank cap tester, apply water or LLC to the reservoir tank cap seal part.

• Check reservoir tank cap relief pressure.

Standard: Refer to CO-106, "Radiator".

• Replace the reservoir tank cap if the engine coolant passes through it, or if any fur signs is detected. CAUTION:

When installing reservoir tank cap, thoroughly wipe out the res- ervoir tank filler neck to remove any waxy residue or foreign material.

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< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

[MR20DD]

RADIATOR

Inspection

INFOID:0000000010675883

Check radiator for mud or clogging. If necessary, clean radiator as follows. CAUTION:

• Never bend or damage the radiator fins.

• When radiator is cleaned without removal, remove all surrounding parts such as radiator fan, radia- tor shroud and horns. Then tape the harness and connectors to prevent water from entering.

1. Apply water by hose to the back side of the radiator core vertically downwards.

2. Apply water again to all radiator core surface once per minute.

3. Stop washing if any stains no longer flow out from the radiator.

4. Blow air into the back side of radiator core vertically downwards.

• Use compressed air lower than 490 kPa (4.9 bar 5 kg/cm 2 , 71psi) and keep distance more than 30 cm (11.8 in).

5. Blow air again into all the radiator core surface once per minute until no water sprays out.

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RADIATOR

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[MR20DD]

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

RADIATOR

Exploded View

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Radiator core supportRADIATOR Exploded View INFOID:0000000010665098 E1BIA1180GB Cooling fan assembly Mounting rubber Air guide (RH) Bolt

Cooling fan assemblyINFOID:0000000010665098 E1BIA1180GB Radiator core support Mounting rubber Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper)

Mounting rubberE1BIA1180GB Radiator core support Cooling fan assembly Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip Radiator

Radiator core support Cooling fan assembly Mounting rubber Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip

Air guide (RH)

Boltsupport Cooling fan assembly Mounting rubber Air guide (RH) Radiator hose (upper) Clip Radiator Plate-air guide

Radiator hose (upper)Cooling fan assembly Mounting rubber Air guide (RH) Bolt Clip Radiator Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower)

Clip

Radiatorrubber Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide

Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip Radiator Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide

Air guide (RH) Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip Radiator Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide

Plate-air guide

Radiator hose (lower)Bolt Radiator hose (upper) Clip Radiator Plate-air guide Air guide (LH) Air guide (Lower) Radiator mounting

(upper) Clip Radiator Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide (LH) Air guide (Lower) Radiator mounting

Air guide (LH)

Air guide (Lower)Plate-air guide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide (LH) Radiator mounting bracket Removal and Installation REMOVAL

Radiator mounting bracketguide Radiator hose (lower) Air guide (LH) Air guide (Lower) Removal and Installation REMOVAL WARNING: •

Removal and Installation

REMOVAL

WARNING:

• Never remove reservoir tank cap when engine is hot. Serious burns may occur from high-pressure engine coolant escaping from radiator.

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< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[MR20DD]

• Wrap a thick cloth around the reservoir tank cap. Slowly turn it a quarter of a turn to release built-up pressure. Then turn it all the way.

NOTE:

When removing components such as hoses, tubes/lines, etc., cap or plug openings to prevent fluid from spill- ing.

1. Drain engine coolant from radiator. Refer to CO-11, "Draining". CAUTION:

• Perform this step when the engine is cold.

• Never spill engine coolant on drive belt.

2. Remove front bumper. Refer to EXT-19, "Removal and Installation".

3. Put aside bumper reinforcement with harness assembly.

4. Remove:

• Radiator air guide RH

• Radiator air guide LH

• Radiator air guide lower

• Radiator bracket mounting upper

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5. Put aside radiator core support upper. Refer to DLK-335, "MR20DD : Removal and Installation" (Type 2), DLK-604, "MR20DD : Removal and Installation" (Type 4), DLK-785, "MR20DD : Removal and Installation" (Type 5), DLK-926, "MR20DD : Removal and Installation" (Type 6).

6. Remove plate-air guide.

7. Separate condenser from radiator.

8. Remove radiator hose (upper and lower).

9. Disconnect harness connectors from cooling fan, and move harness aside.

10. Remove radiator and cooling fan assembly. CAUTION:

Be careful not to damage radiator core and condenser core. NOTE:

In case of lower pin radiator is damaged, it can be repaired instead of replacing the radiator.

11. Separate radiator from condenser.

INSTALLATION

Install in the reverse order of removal. CAUTION:

Do not reuse O-rings.

Radiator

NOTE:

CO-44

RADIATOR

< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

[MR20DD]

When installing radiator core support (upper), check that both upper and lower mounts of radiator are inserted in the mounting holes of radiator core support (upper, lower). CAUTION:

Use genuine mounting bolts for the cooling fan assembly and strictly observe the tightening torque. (Breakage prevention for radiator)

Radiator hose

NOTE:

Insert the radiator hose

for radiator) Radiator hose NOTE: Insert the radiator hose all the way to the stopper or

all the way to the stopper