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Duk cory

Reg. No. :

Question Paper Code :'L3243

:
(Common to B.E. RegalaH,on 2005)

Tirae : Three hours. Maxinilm: 100 marke

Use of IS 1E99, 4826 and IA9ZO codes dre permitt€d.

. Answer ALL questions.

PART6-(I0 xZ=Z}marka)
1. Defi.ne dynamic degree of freedom

2. How can the damping factor be used to identifr the t\ee tlpes of dampirig?

3. Defi.ne principal mode of vibration. . .

4. What is superposition?

5. Differentiate between seisrnic hazard and geismic risk.

6. Whai is intraplate earthquake? Give two examples.

7. What'type of confining reinforcoments ie to be ueed when the diotance between


corner rods in a column exceeds 800 mm?

8. State the basic concept of capacity d.esign.

9. \Mhat is content damage that is associated with base isolation?

10. Name the different methods of vibration control techniques.


PARTB-(6x 16=80marks)
11. (a) A vibrating eyotem consists of a mass 90 N; spring stiffness 200 N/m and'
davnper with a damping coefficient of 8 N sec/m. Determine the
"
damping factor, natural dunrpod froquoncy und logrrrithtttir: tlccrctttottt.

Or

(b) Derive the governiag Bxpression of moiion for a SDOF system through a
mathematical model of an actual structure of your choice.

t2. (a) Explain the methods of determining the fundamental frequency in


d:rnamic analysis of a Iv(DOF system.

Or

(b) Determine the fr.rst and second mode of natural frequency of a two storey
, shear brulding shown in Figure 1. The system parameters. ale
m = 280 kI.I, stihess k = 2000 kN/m. Assume suitilble data if necessary.

, ,. '-_:- .Figurel

13. (a) B4plain- with neat sketches, the seismometers used, for velocity and,
displaeement meaguroments.

(1*
vf

&) List and explain the reasons for the iause of earthquake induced
dduages in RCC buildings with vertical irregularities.

2 L3243
lvL
14' G) G) proced'ure for the construcrioa
of eire epecific response
*nl}fl,'.he
(ii) Determine the totar base sl:ar for a Eve
RCC &ame in coimbatore. et$syhospitar uuuarns:?
Floors at 9.60 m and the total
heighr of the building- is
i;.;d; tul "r" "pa."a
ground level. AII the floors
have equal dead and-Iivej";G;;dtN which is iumped at rhe
centre of each flocr. soil betow
trr" ro-"ia"ti'";;ili"e'##n soit. (8)
Or
(t') Explain rvith neat'sketches at reast
three ways to etrengthen a soil
s.uscep tible to liquefaction.

15' (a) to be sarisfied by the soil and


ffi::ffiTrrequirements structure to be

Or
&) procedure suggested, for
f;1fl?rtliu'li!*'"step aseismic design or a

18248
tq)
Reg. No..:

B. E-TB.TECh. DEGREE EXUMIIIIATION, APRII/ITTAY


201 1.

Ciyil Engineering

CE r4O3 BASIICS OF DYNATIICS AriID ASNIS:rNC


- DESIGN
(Regulation 20Of)

(comrnon to B.E. (part Time) sirtb


sereesten n"grt"tico z0os)
fime: Three houra

AngwerAlil questions.
PARTA- (10 x2=2Cnarks)

1. Define equivalent viscous damping.

2. Write a shortnote ou earthquake excitation.

3. Enunerate dyaamic equilibrium

4. Defrne traneitional groutrd motion


'I
5. . Whatis the importance of ieoseiemal map?

6. Bxplain geological fault.

7.' What ig disastrous earth quakee?

9' what are the infoimation requiied for thr seisnic


svaluatsd buildiDg? 'i
I
,l
,1
10. Enuinerate shear flenrre failurs. $,1
?i
';
I

Ii
I
I
l{
tl
f.

Writo the eguation Epveming the free vibration of the Bystem shown
below in Sig.'1, 2 and 8.
Assume the beam to b€ maesless, each Bystom has a single DoF defined
a9 the v€rtical deflection under tho weight "1[p. The f,enual rigidity of
the beam ii E[ dnd the lenbth is "L".

Fig. I

hl
Fis.B
'Or
O) writs tho equation of aotion for tho one storuy, one bay &auie shoyn in
Fig. 4. tho fiexqra!dgl.dity _of the beam and coiuron ie noted. The luuped
- BaBs at the beam ir'B'.
otherwige, aseume the &ame to be masElies
and neglect danping. C0r1onentonthe efrestofbage . ------(16)
frxity.
.+pft)
1
l€llr
,l r.

2 66919
12' (a)
l>{
Formulat! th9 eeuations of motion of the eyetem of ng. 6 with the
two
DOF8 defined at the centre of mass 'Ol of ihe rigid b; -transla6on
u,
andnotation uo. (10

Fig.E

Or
(b) Explain the concept of mode euperpoaition techniqus applicable to II,IDOF

13. (a) Briefly erplain piate tectonica and lithospheric plates. (10
Or
(b) niphia the foliowing:
(, T;pes of seisnic waveg (6)
(D Effect of the surface topoefaphy (CI
(iti) Leseone leamt from past earth$ules (4)
14. (a) Explain the causee of damage of BC ehrcttrres dtuiag darthquakes ad
suggest improvenents that may help io riVer come conuoop faiiuree of BC
structureeduringearthgtrakee ..' I
'. .i. 1 - : (16)
,'

(b) (,
(ii)
I

15. (a) (,
:

'l
(ir)

Or
(b) (, What, are the applications of baee ieolation? (8)
(ii) Explain the principle of capacity doign. (8)

66219
Reg. No. :

B.E./B.Tech. DEGBEE DGMINAfiON, t{ov:nMgERoEcEI\,IBEB 2010.


i
Seventh Semester
Civil Engineering

CE 1403 BASICS Or DiNAil,[CS AI{D ASEIfil,fiC DESIGN


-
(fiegulation 2004)

(common ro B.E (part Ttme) sixth semeaterR4guladon


200s)
Time: Three hours
Maximrrm : 100 mstks

GS 4326 and IS 19920 codea ars pemitted)


i
AnsurerAlL qr.otio*.
. PABTA-(10 x2=.Z}marks)
1. Write a shori note on static and dynamic forcee.

2. Define SDOF idealisation.

3. V/hat ig Natural Flequency?

4. Give the concept of mode super posiiion.

5. Lrst any two causes of Earthquake.

o. Define Seismogram.

7. What is the importance of ductility?

8. Briefly write on liquefaction of soils.

9. Define Shear-Flexure failure

t0' Give any two important points in mitigating effocts


of Earthquake on atructures.
r
PARI, 1lsf,
- = 8o marks)

11. (a)
Qulf" the equation of motion for the frame shown in Fig. l. The flexural
rigidity of the beam and crlumnn ie au notod. rhe maas lumpod
beam is n : othemiae, aggume the frame to ue mar"less
nt the
damping.
and neglect

Fis.t.
or
o) P:{r" the eq.ation gr-tE disprracement reeponse of a viscously danped
SDOF system due to initisl r"lirityi" (0) for i!r*"
(l) Under dauped ayatema """""
(ii) Critically da",oed eystems
(iii) over ria,ped eyetems. plot u(t)+ u(o)t woaganist t/?.
fora=0.iJanri2
12. (a) Determins the nair'ql viilration ftequoncy
hame showD in Fig. I u"i"e tb" rh"p. i dtilA;gf the inverted L - ehaped
duo !o a vnrtical force at tuitee e"a.
iy tne deflectiona
Negr*t deformations due to ehosr
aud arial force.

FIie.2.
Cr

2
31,.52
'l
(b) A pulsating force p(t) =p6cusot travels acrross the bridge of Flg.
B ahown
below, at a unilorm velocity of v ae shown in Fig.
o. n"rJr-i"" ,"
equation for the deflection at midspan as a fuDstiin
damping and aosume the shape fundon
of time. N"gl;
"" ft Fri"illf,l .

mlEL
L -----tl
Fis.3.

Pte;

l.-
Fig.'4.
13. (a) Exptain causes of Earth quakes and Georogicar faurts.
Or
(b) (r) List out sorDe past <iisaetrous earth quakes. (8)
(iii) Explain the seismic wsves with neat sketch.
(e)

t4. (a) Explain the effect'iif soil pmperiies and liquefaction


of soils.
Or
(b) Explain response behaviour and ductility demand in multistorcy
5rrildinge with neat sketch.

15. (a) what are the effects of base isolation? Erplain with euitable
examples.
Or
(b) Explain the important points in miiigating the efiects
of earthquake on
structures

81152
Beg. No. I

B. E-rB.Teeh. DE*BEE ElrAMNATroN,


**n, 2010.
Seventh Semeater
glrril nngrneedug I

CE r4O3 _ BASICS Or DYNAIIfiCS


AND ASEI$,,C DESIGN
(Regdation 2OO4)
(common to B'E'(Part'fime)
sixth semeeter civil r'ngineerinbneguration
2005)

(Lrse of IS €26 aad IS tB9Z0 Codes p€rmitr+d)


is

AnsurerAll questions.
PARTA_ eO x2= 20
marks)
1. lVhat are the different
types of d;mamic loldiryu?
6
4 Compare: overdamping
and underdamping
syatens
3. trtee vibration is an
eigen valua problem
- Jgst&
4. \frhqt is the adr.antage
of Mode Superpoeitioa
method?
o. Define the telms :
Epiijntre and ll5pocenhe.
6. Draw a neat sicetch of
a eeismogram and nrme the parte.
7, What ie a responee spectnrm?

8. Wfrat ie meant by liquefaction


of soi!?
9' various factorg which
Ifrl#
I

rnfluences do"tility
of a rreinforced oorcrsroi
r0. Explain how a buildins confinr
d;;;*H?.*Hl r-__ - r
be ptanned .
ro mrnrrntre
i

""a,ti.ri-*o.entratioi
"**/ /
I

irs.;,4f,
;i
7

PABT B_ (S x 16 = 80 marks)
l1' (a) A weight attached to a epring
stiffness of 5 kN/m has
device. whea the weigbt a viscous damping
was displaced and rereased,
vibration wae found to bo the period of
z seconds it ratio of the consecutive
amplitudes was 4.s to 1.2.
Determine"rra "
the i"*p"a naturar-f"un.r"r"r,
amputude and pt'"r" when
a force or 4 sin 4t
"Tfrt:i::ir[}:"teht'
Or
(b) using Duhamel's t*r,
frnd the resllonse for the
of the sDoF eyatero shown forced vibration phase
for zero initial con<iitions. (Fieure
11 (b)

t(scc)

Fisure rt G).
I

rz, (a) obtain the stesdy state r,esponse


for the ehear &ame shown
uaing morial analysis. in Fig.Q !2. (a)
Assu'e r*"irri.u"r conditions.
and mass at eacb floor
is IOOO Lg.
TL k = 10c\c kN/m

A1

ris.a. D.(a)
Or

2
D 2106
tll
o) obtsin the fteguencies and mode shapes
for the sJ,"te' showD in Eg
Assuloe rod' to be ridd and massless.
e.rz (b).
I€Dgth of tho tod iB r and distance
the springftom the fixed end is o. of
{

ris.e. 12.O)
13. (a) . Explain the tectonic plate theory in detail.

Or

(b) write elaborately on BoBe of the dieashous :

earihg,akee. j

74.
I

(a) Explain in brief the concept of design


I

Bpectrum with aketcbes. i

'jtJ*lJ ;: " 'd;:sl:


' ' -- ,ti.,; ,.. r.i1t;
!,111irf i r . , j. rril
(b) E:rplain the effdct of soil properties and
damping ddn'g earthErate.
15. (a) rt each floor level for the BC.h.L,
ftame of a reeidential building ehown
for the r"u".rrrg a"t* u*
Response spectrum method of IS 1g9&
Z(/|)Z.

Seismic weight on each floor : 2fi) kN


Spacing between columns : 4 mc/c

Height of each floor : 3m

Il ude
-"

i. :..IlDeof.Eltructurs,, ', .l Ordirraty moment resisting frame


':' ' Lbcatio"
irftLdbuildinb ,

Chennai
I!rye of eoil nock
Stirnees of each oolumnr & =0.5 xl07 N/E

Natural ftequency Mode shapes


(rad/sec) xl X2 x3
I
I 9.86 1.000 0.802 0.445
2 ..27.58 1.0c0 .-0.551 _ t.255
Lq 39.91 1.000 -{.451 1.750

Or
P,riie a detailed note on h\e difiereut gryes
of base isolation techniques
with neat ghetches. ,

r i'

D 2106
Seventh *-**,,i,.',
Ciyil f,r

,..i..
(Comreon to B.8.,(partl,I
-jifief,

PABTertroj
*-ri;
1. Defrae trpnsient vibration. J";i. ,i
'

'r:il: 1

2. Define Coulomb damping. i:g1i

3.

4.

5.
'I

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.
l-7

,,,'.,,1;.:
' ..".1..
}er
'; " i' PAET B- (5 x 16 = 80 markg)
,1

11. (a) A mags h'is euspe1ded from a beam as ghown in the 6e. 1. Il[e beam is
i
of negligible nqsps and has a uniforu flexual rigidity 'EI'. Find the
natural fteqtons!, of the sSntem.

!l
t
*w v#
.1.
t'.
I

rayateu ie showu b Fig.'z. Alt the uaeses are


$ifi+qpi|q'fdt8 . Deiive the eqtrafins of motion in terms of
'r1j;*'qndf*, of the maseee-al,oqg the aris of the springs.

-'?z"l?)

Fie.2

38250
r8. (a)
Y!u' meaadr6,

O.r
o)
I

14. (a) Defins rsslronso BpocArB" rl'!, ,:r{l


l;:.1
spectra with neat skitah. '$
, -r1

(b)

15. (a)

Or
(b) what are the methods used to
q$ry" carthquskl_rysietant etmcturcs?
Explaia the procedure or""[ neooa"
; p"riffi;99 :2062.

rll
ti
i. ll

3
88250
B.EYB.TCC' DEGREE
D.^IUN/{MON, IT{AY/JUNE
2072.
Seventh Seuiester
' I

Civil Engineering , ..r

CE I.403/ CE IOZZ _ BASICS


OF D}NViMI;S
- -_*vp4,1\LIA,I{D ASNTMAC
DESIGN
-_ ^
Gegulation 2004)
(common to B.E. (parhTime)
sixth semester*egiriation
2005)
Time : Three hours
.. laggnun : 100 aarks
Answer.ALL quesHons.
.
!1
.-t '.

pARTA_(fOx2=pomaike , ;,. .

1. Define aaplitude
o Define'phase'difference,.

3.
acceieraticn of L0m/s"c-fUa
Ai=#nt,r:m displacemdntan_di.pfi
stend I rrre;rimsp
4.
;"u_rr
5. Differentiale Epiientre aud
Hypocentre.
6. Explain,Richter, magnitude
scale,.
7. IIow will you construct response
spectrun diagram? :

8. Briefly explain the importance


of duct,ity in earthquake
registaiie design.
9.

10. %1t are the types


earthquahes. of dampers
r--- nomany ruea to'orti
-.-. vibrations duinb
,r:
pARTB-(5x16=rJr"ffi,
11. (a) A mass of lkg is to be supported on a spring having a stiffness of 9800
N/m, the damping co-efficient is 5.9 N-sedm. Determine the natural
frequeucy of tlbe system. Find also ttre logarithmic decrement and the
amplitude after three cycles, ffthe initial displacement is 0.30cm.

Or

(b) Derive the solution of equation of mction of SDOF system for damped
free vibrationg.

L2. (a) Obtain the threa natural frequencies and the corresponding mode shapes
for the three degree of freedom system shown in figure.l.

Figure: 1

Or
(b) Determine the natural frequencies and modes of the system shown in
figrue.2.

:'f fi-z-

A"
d-r

.?"

Figue:2
2
13' (a)
/7/
and inteeritv eqplain anv
llf;i:ffiBmagnitude one tvpe of maguitude

Or
(b) ' Define the termg and write
short notee on:
(i) Seismograao

(ii) p_waves and


S-waves
(iii) El,astic rebound theory

(iv) Spectral aiceleration..

14' (a) Define response spectrum. Elnlain


spectrum and alsb explain it"
the conoepts and typee of respouse
"Urr"itcris#.
Or
(b) How will you implove duct,ity
column junction? Explain with; *trT*je of RC structuroa at beam-
o"ut rt"t"l.
15. (a) isolaticn' Explain the
3oflt"3:se ba-se ieoratioa l"chniqueo with neat

Or
(b) Explain any fwo case studies of mitigating ef[ects of
structgres. earthquake ob

!'
^.1
{. I

3
60202