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12/17/2015 How to classify temporary employees under the ACA | CBIZ, Inc.

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June 21, 2013

How to classify temporary employees

under the ACA
Today's guest post is brought to you by Zack Pace, Senior Vice President of Benefits
Consulting at CBIZ, Inc. Zack can be reached at

I recently co-authored a piece with Rebecca Barnes-Hogg for ASAE: The Center for
Association Leadership about the importance of correctly classifying employees under
the Affordable Care Act.

In the article, I explained there are four categories of employees the ACA recognizes --
full time, seasonal, variable hour, and part time. For employers with 50 or more full-time
employees and full-time equivalents, failure to correctly classify employees could
trigger the “no coverage” penalty of $2,000 per all full-time employees less the first 30

If your organization has temporary employees, these four steps will help identify and
reclassify these employees to eliminate the penalty risk.

Step 1: Identify your current temporary, non-benefit-eligible employees, such as interns,

seasonal hires, and temporary workers, who supplement your workforce or assist in the
completion of a project.

Step 2: Run reporting that displays their hours worked per month over the past 12
months. Flag any employees who averaged 30 hours during the total time period or
within the first six or last six months. Flag any temporary employees who worked 130
hours or more in any given month. These flagged employees could be considered full-
time under ACA.

Step 3: Categorize your temporary employees into the four ACA available classifications
and evaluate the impact of these changes. See the graphic below for the classifications
breakdown. 1/5
12/17/2015 How to classify temporary employees under the ACA | CBIZ, Inc.

Step 4: Based on your policy decisions, amend your handbook, policies, and health-plan
documents, including insurance contracts, and communicate these changes to

Step 5: When hiring new employees, ensure they are placed in one of these four
categories and administered accordingly.

Hopefully these steps were helpful in eliminating the risk of triggering the “no coverge”
penalty. In order to completely understand the different employee categories, as well as
how to categorize your temporary employees, check out the full article, available here.

Please read earlier posts for additional answers to questions about the Affordable Care

Portions reprinted with permission. Copyright ASAE: The Center for Association
Leadership, April 2013, Washington, DC.

Categories: Affordable Care Act, Benefits and Wellness, Health Care, Zack Pace


Tagged With: ACA 2/5
12/17/2015 How to classify temporary employees under the ACA | CBIZ, Inc.

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