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Share of non-Brics Countries Recently, 9 th BRICS Summit 2017 was held in Xiamen, China.
Share of non-Brics
Countries
Recently, 9 th BRICS Summit 2017
was held in Xiamen, China.
Focusing on the theme of ‘Stronger Part-
nership for a Brighter Future’, leaders
had issued a joint statement outlining the
agendas for this year as well as points the
nations agreed to work upon.
138
55
1.2
75
74
295
POPUL ATION
AREA
IMPO RT
EXPO RT
GDP
260
144
185
Xiamen Declaration
182
1,283
millions
millions
$ billions
$ billions
$ billions
3.2
of people
of square
(in 2016)
(in 2016)
(in 2017)
(in 2011)
kilometres
1,796
285
357
BRAZIL
RUSSIA
INDIA
CHINA
SOUTH AFRICA
8.5
207
2,264
1,588
2,098
11,199
9.5
1,324
17.09
1,378
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
207 2,264 1,588 2,098 11,199 9.5 1,324 17.09 1,378 Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS,
Highlights Xiamen Declaration Issue of Terrorism BRICS, very strong and explicit language was used on
Highlights
Xiamen Declaration
Issue of Terrorism
BRICS, very strong
and explicit language was used on the issue of terror.
anti-India Groups have been named
in a BRICS declaration.
Pakistan based Terror Groups (Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad)
with global terror groups (Haqqani network, Islamic State and al-Qaida)
were mentioned from the Chinese territory.
of Afghanistan to achieve Peace and National Reconciliation.
BRICS leaders called for adoption of the Comprehensive
Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) by the
United Nations General Assembly.
Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)
India in 1996
terrorism, steps for cutting off access of terrorist groups to funds and safe
heavens and also calls for amending domestic laws to make cross-border
terrorism an extraditable offence.
to make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green

Climate change

terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,
terrorism an extraditable offence. Climate change Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,

Leaders committed to further promote Green Development,

Leaders committed to further promote Green Development, They called upon all countries to fully implement the

They called upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement.

upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement. North Korea • BRICS leaders Nuclear Test
upon all countries to fully implement the Paris Agreement. North Korea • BRICS leaders Nuclear Test

North Korea

to fully implement the Paris Agreement. North Korea • BRICS leaders Nuclear Test strongly deplored the

BRICS

leaders

Nuclear Test

strongly

deplored

the

• BRICS leaders Nuclear Test strongly deplored the DPRK • They emphasized that ongoing tension should

DPRK

They emphasized that ongoing tension should be settled through peaceful means

ongoing tension should be settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the

Global Economic Governance

settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of
settled through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of

pe.

through peaceful means Global Economic Governance pe. They seek increasing the voice and representation of

They seek increasing the voice and representation of emerging markets and developing economies.

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) represents a

The BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) represents a BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) is a framework
BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA) is a framework for the provision of support through liquidity
BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA)
is a framework for the provision of support through liquidity and precautionary instruments
pressures.
It was established in 2015 by the BRICS countries.

10 Noble Commitments:

in 2015 by the BRICS countries. 10 Noble Commitments: Indian PM suggested 10 noble commitments to
Indian PM suggested 10 noble commitments to be made by the Creating a safer world
Indian PM suggested 10 noble
commitments to be made by the
Creating a safer world by organised and
issues: counter-terrorism, cyber security
and disaster management.
Creating a greener world by taking
global transformation.
change, through initiatives such as the
India-initiated International
Solar Alliance.
Creating a skilled world by giving
future-ready skills to millions of our
youth.
Creating an enabled world by sharing
and deploying suitable technologies to
Creating a healthier world by cooperat-
ing in research and development to
eradicate diseases, and enabling
affordable health care for all.
Creating an inclusive world by economic
mainstreaming of our people including
Creating an equitable world of opportu-
nity to all, particularly through gender
equality.
Creating a digital world by bridging the
digital divide within and outside our
economies.
Creating
by enabling
free flow of goods, persons, and
services.
BRICS Financial Cooperation
Creating harmonious world by promot-
that are centered on peaceful coexistence
and living in harmony with nature.
BRICS leaders agreed to
promote the development
of BRICS Local Currency
Bond Markets and jointly
establish a BRICS Local
Currency Bond Fund, as a
means of contribution to
the capital sustainability of
-
Cooperation on Energy
tries.
Opposition to
Continued dialogue on the
establishment of a BRICS
Energy Research Coopera-
tion Platform was encour-
aged and relevant entities
-
importance of an open and inclu-
sive world economy.
were urged to continue to
promote joint research on
energy cooperation and
of globalization. Importance of Xiamen Declara- BRICS leaders remain committed Terrorist groups have been mentioned
of globalization.
Importance of Xiamen Declara-
BRICS leaders remain committed
Terrorist groups have been mentioned categorically
which is an advancement from the Goa declaration.
non-discriminatory, open and
inclusive multilateral trading
system as embodied in the WTO.
Experts point out that the reference to the Jaish-e-Mo-
for Beijing, and must be reinforced by a bilateral
commitment on terrorism by China.
OBOR
In the entire declaration, there is no mention of OBOR
as there was a strong reservation by India.