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Preface and acknowledgement

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Table of contents

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List of appended papers

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results

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Research results

1 NO Contructivist/ NO NO
What is our Critical
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approach interpretivist?

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realities and values over period
apprehensible unobservable
of time

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knowledge?

May include methodology


What technique Experimental/ from positivist,
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theory/ dialogic

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Experiments, tests, Experiments, tests,
Interviews, observations, participations; with
Data surveys, document surveys, document
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collection analysis, simulations, analysis, simulations,
data to collect? group, and other surveys, document
instruments or other quantitative interviews, observations,
qualitative methods analysis, simulations,
(see Table 3) methods participations
tests, experiments

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Industrial service as possible solution


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Research results

provided by a service company to a customer to produce performance that is


meant to create output to provide solutions to the customer´s needs”

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Mayang Kusumawardhani

Life cycle Industrial services

Field development services, planning


Concept development
services, financial services, etc.

Risk, hazard and safety studies


services, feasibility studies services, Feasibility assessment
project and estimation services, etc.

Front-end engineering services, IT


Front-end engineering
services, etc.

Manufacturer services, supplier


services, various project services,
Detailed design
engineering, procurement and
construction services, etc.

Equipment,
Fabrication and construction
spare parts
and services

Commissioning services, installation Hook-up, installation, seabed


services, transportation/relocation intervention, tie-in and
services, etc. commissioning

Various facility operation support


Operation and integrity
services, maintenance support
management
services, production services, etc.

Modification services, etc. Late life project

Decommissioning services, etc. Decommissioning


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Research results

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Mayang Kusumawardhani

AIM challenges AIM goals


• Organizational 1. Initiation, • Quality asset delivered
challenges to operation
• Human resources identification • Safe and sustainable
• Offshore asset & conception operation, lower risks
challenges • Higher availability &
• External- reliability
organization 2. Definition & • Optimization of
challenges planning maintenance & inspection
• Knowledge • Achieve operation
management & IT excellence
challenges 3.2 Improvement, • Reduced downtime and
• Site characteristics repair, etc.
challenges
control & 3.1 Execution • Reduced lifecycle cost
• Economic monitoring • Ensure stable
challenges, etc. production revenue
stream
4. Transfer
Project challenges Project goals
• No operations
• Flawless project
involvement or
delivery
requirements
• Zero incidents
• Quality & integrity
issues
• Leadership and integration management • Cost-effective and
• Operations integrity and asset integrity management within budget
• Identification of
• Effective contractor
operations risks • Supply chain and contractor management management
• Risk management • Information technology and knowledge management • Reduce
• Cost overruns and
• HSSEQ, regulation compliances, barrier management and commissioning punch-
delays
list (outstanding works)
• Ineffective project risk management • Smooth
management • Human resources and performance management commissioning and
• Poor contractor
• Reservoir management start-up
management
• According to standards
• External challenges, • MC, commissioning, start-up and transfer management & requirements, etc.
etc.

Threats Operation readiness and assurance Consequences



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ORA governance structure


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Research results

Level of analysis
Board
CEO
Strategic

Project Operations
Tactical sponsor management
Project governance

Operational ORA governance

Project operations:
opera Operations
ations
internal & external suppliers
sup

Project ORA lead & Operations


governance integration management management

Asset HSSEQ, Project specific,


Maintenance, Supply chain IT and
integrity & Reservoir compliance, commissioning,
inspection and knowledge barrier and risk start-up and etc.
operations management
and reliability contractor management management transfer
integrity

Team members


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The distribution and breakdown of work


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Mayang Kusumawardhani

Initiation, Execution, Transfer to


Definition
identification control and operation
& planning
& conception monitoring

Leadership and integration

Asset HSSEQ, regulation Human Project specific,


Maintenance, Supply chain IT and
integrity & Reservoir compliance, barrier resources and commissioning,
inspection and knowledge etc. Knowledge
operations management and risk performance start-up and areas
and reliability contractor management
integrity management management transfer

Maintenance Automation,
Maintenance and Maintenance Spare parts
planning and monitoring & etc. Sub-areas
reliability support services management
scheduling analysis

Philosophies & Philosophies &


Deliverables
strategies strategies

Rotating Rotating
Static equipment Static equipment Sub-deliverables
equipment equipment

Corrosion management procedure etc. Pipeline inspection etc. Activities


services

Appoint responsible team


Contractor prequalification
Tasks
Draft document
Tender period
Review document
Bid evaluation and award Supporting
information
Update & issue document
Contract kick-off

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Forecasts, business
Corporate and/or Corporate and/or
reviews, lessons
group directions group objectives
learned, etc.

#2
#1 Asses current state of AIM environment #3 #4
Plan-to-plan asset, corporate and
scanning, strategic areas Define AIM objectives AIM strategy
and prioritization and targets development
external environment

#10
#5
Scheduled
Develop performance
performance reviews
measurement
and updates

#9
#7 #6
Implementation and #8 Reviews, revisions
and approvals
AIM short-term AIM mid-term
strategic change Plan to implement
planning planning
management

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Part II – Papers



Paper 1 - Mapping the research approach of
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Paper 2- Asset integrity management:
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IT challenges
challenges - Training and development
- Provision of skilled personnel - Information management
- Management & - Safe operation
- Misconception of AIM - Knowledge transfer
organizational - Data transfer - Cost-effective
issues - Higher availability
- Internal cooperation Offshore installation challenges External-organisation challenges - Higher reliability
& communication - Client requirements - Optimisation of
- Degradation issues
- Outsourcing issues - Maintenance - Rules & regulations maintenance &
- Acquisition - Flow assurance - Supply chain delivery time
- Technology saturation inspection
processes - Spare parts
- Engineering design issues - Competition - Reduced
- CAPEX & OPEX - Company reputation
- Shareholder interest maintenance
to invest in AIM Site characteristic challenges Economic challenges backlog
- Subsurface properties
- AIM trade off against - Reservoir fluid properties - Supply over demand - Lower risks
cost - Metocean conditions - Fossil fuel price - Reduced downtime
- Acquisition - Geotechnical conditions - Interest rate and repair, etc.
processes - Remoteness/ distance to other
infrastructures


Figure 2. Influence of AIM challenges in organizations with offshore petroleum
production asset to reach AIM goals

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Table 1. The significance of AIM challenges

Ratings AVG %HS %LS


AIM Challenges
5 4 3 2 1
Organizational challenges (Avg.) 4,18
Internal cooperation 10 2 3 0 0 4,47 80% 0%
CAPEX and OPEX 9 4 2 0 0 4,47 85% 0%
Management and organizational 10 2 2 1 0 4,40 80% 5%



Paper 2

Ratings AVG %HS %LS


AIM Challenges
5 4 3 2 1
issues
Internal communication 9 3 3 0 0 4,40 80% 0%
AIM trade-off against cost 7 6 2 0 0 4,33 85% 0%
Shareholder interest to invest in 6 5 3 1 0 4,07 75% 5%
AIM
Acquisition processes 4 4 6 1 0 3,73 60% 5%
Outsourcing issues 4 5 3 1 2 3,53 65% 15%
Human resources challenges (Avg.) 4,02
Misconception of AIM 7 4 2 2 0 4,07 70% 10%
Provision of skilled personnel 7 3 4 1 0 4,07 65% 5%
Training and competence 7 2 4 2 0 3,93 60% 10%
development
Knowledge management & IT (Avg.) 3,97
Knowledge transfer 7 5 2 1 0 4,20 85% 5%
Data transfer between onshore 6 5 4 0 0 4,13 80% 0%
and offshore
Information management 5 4 3 3 0 3,73 70% 15%
Offshore installation challenges (Avg.) 3,89
Degradation issues 7 4 2 2 0 4,07 80% 10%
Spare part availability 7 2 5 1 0 4,00 70% 5%
Maintenance strategy and 6 3 5 1 0 3,93 70% 5%
implication
Engineering design issues 5 5 3 2 0 3,87 75% 10%
Flow assurance 2 7 4 2 0 3,60 70% 10%
External-organization challenges (Avg.) 3,83
Rules and regulations 7 5 2 1 0 4,20 75% 10%
Supply chain delivery time 5 7 2 1 0 4,07 75% 10%
Client requirements 9 1 0 4 1 3,87 85% 10%
Company reputation 5 5 2 3 0 3,80 65% 20%
Competition 3 7 2 3 0 3,67 65% 20%
Technology saturation 1 5 10 1 0 3,35 55% 10%
Site characteristic challenges (Avg.) 3,49
Subsurface properties (e.g. 4 5 6 0 0 3,87 55% 0%
depth, seabed)
Remoteness/ distance to other 2 7 4 2 0 3,60 55% 10%


Mayang Kusumawardhani

Ratings AVG %HS %LS


AIM Challenges
5 4 3 2 1
infrastructures
Reservoir fluid properties 2 3 10 0 0 3,47 35% 0%
Meteorology & oceanography 4 3 4 2 2 3,33 45% 20%
conditions
Geotechnical conditions 2 3 8 0 2 3,20 35% 10%
Economic concerns (Avg.) 3,47
Fossil fuel price 9 2 1 3 0 4,13 55% 30%
Over-supply of production 3 4 1 7 0 3,20 35% 50%
Interest rate 3 2 3 7 0 3,07 25% 50%


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References
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SUHVHQWHG DW SPE International Production and Operations
Conference and Exhibition0D\'RKD4DWDU
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Paper 3

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Environment
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Input (ICT e.g. software, (e.g. intended
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hardware, network) function, information)

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Figure 1. Basic information system process

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Paper 3

Table 1. Maintenance analysis from equipment data

Analysis types
Criteria
Diagnostic Prognostic Forensic
Occurrences Real-time Prior to Posterior to failure
diagnostic failure/prognosis
Performance Current Future performance Fault investigation:
analysis performance prognosis: to to investigate
monitoring: to estimate the situations after the
monitor the degradation rate fact, and to
performance and and predict future establish what
the health of the performance occurred based on
system using real- collected evidence
time information
Failure Failure detection: to Failure prediction: Fault identification:
analysis indicate whether to determine to identify the
something is going whether a fault is nature of the fault
wrong in the current impending and when it is detected
monitored system estimate how soon
and how likely a
fault will occur


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Paper 3

INPUT: Data Collection

Non-experimental Non-experimental
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Structured interview Case study

Governing documents
Houston Singapore
Technical documentation

7 SP 1 OP 1 SP 6 OP Observations, literature

DATA SET A DATA SET B

Identification of error by respondents

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Discussion of findings

Figure 3. Data gathering and analysis process

Findings and Discussions


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Paper 3

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Figure 4. Basic model for data utilization

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Paper 3

Data in real time: Instrumentation and field data


implement field instrumentation for
surveillance of critical points in the field capture

Integrated data: Data management and


standardised surface, subsurface and
enterprise data for a cross-functional view integration

Informed operations: Intelligent alerts and event


monitor critical performance factors and
enable rapid response management

Predictive operations: Advanced analysis and


enable proactive management of asset forecasting

Realized value:
optimized resource recovery, model and
implement systematic changes to
Asset optimization
enhance depletion profitability 
Figure 5. Towards smarter oil and gas fields (Edwards et al., 2010)

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Paper 3

Lifecycle Industrial services

Field development services, planning


Concept development
services, financial services, etc.

Risk, hazard and safety studies


services, feasibility studies services, Feasibility assessment
project and estimation services, etc.

Front-end engineering services, IT


Front-end engineering
services, etc.

Manufacturer services, supplier


services, various project services,
Detailed design
engineering, procurement and
construction services, etc.

Equipment ,
Fabrication and construction
spare part
and services

Commissioning services, installation Hook-up, installation, seabed


services, transportation/ relocation intervention, tie-in and
services, etc. commissioning

Various facility operation support


Operation and integrity
services, maintenance support
management
services, production services, etc.

Modification services, etc. Late life project

Decomissioning services, etc. Decommissioning


Figure 6. Industrial services in the lifecycle of a petroleum installation

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Paper 3

Table 2. Industrial service possible solutions for KM challenges


Industrial
KM
Possible solutions service Potential benefits
challenges
providers
Knowledge Establish procedure for Data Custom-made
transfer knowledge transfer, architecture solutions, increased
establish a shared network services, mobility, increased
to exchange information, network reliability, etc.
establish lessons learned services, etc.
registers.
Information Integration between Data Integrated solutions,
management operating systems, architecture increased
software and various services, availability,
geographical locations. software increased reliability,
services, etc. etc.
Data transfer Establish tailor-made Data Custom-made
between technology and network architecture solutions, increased
onshore and solutions. services, fiber security, increased
offshore optic services, reliability, etc.
etc.
Information Application of custom- Data Custom-made
technology made information architecture solutions, increased
(IT) technology, network and services, fiber security, increased
processes architecture according to optic services, reliability, core
and security requirements and IT security competences focus,
regulations. services, etc. etc.
Quality of Ensure reliable data for Engineering Cost saving,
data input and processing into services, competitive abilities,
information from the information increased reliability,
beginning of field system etc.
development through services,
decommissioning. operation
readiness
services, asset
management
services, etc.
Integrated Establish a control system Asset Increased safety,
system integrated with different management custom-made
departments and decision- services, IT solutions, increased
makers to have services, responsiveness,
coordination to support the engineering technology
overall organization services, etc. adaptation, etc.
objective.


Mayang Kusumawardhani

Industrial
KM
Possible solutions service Potential benefits
challenges
providers
Introducing Organization may opt to Engineering Cost saving,
and adapting outsource new technology services, competitive abilities,
to new requirement to service equipment technology
technology providers; that way risk is manufacturer adaptation, etc.
distributed and and services,
organization is avoiding field services,
high initial investment. etc.


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Paper 3


Mayang Kusumawardhani

Paper 4 - Establishing operational readiness


and assurance for petroleum projects
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Paper 5 - Development of strategic asset
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Mayang Kusumawardhani



Part III – Appendices



Appendix 2

Appendix 1 - Preliminary survey

Introduction
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Methods
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Contacts
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Definitions
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Appendix 2

Preliminary information

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Asset integrity
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Appendix 2

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Appendix 2

Appendix 2 - Questionnaire

Introduction
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Appendix 2

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Appendix 2

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Appendix 3

Appendix 3 - Follow-up survey: guided


interview

Introduction
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Appendix 3

Preliminary information

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Mayang Kusumawardhani

Section 1: Asset integrity management (AIM) strategy


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Scheduled strategic Plan-to-plan
review and update

AIM
environment
#8 Strategy scanning
implementation and
strategic change Define AIM
management strategic areas

#2
Define AIM objectives
#7
and targets
Plan to implement

#3
Assess the current state
of assets and
organisation
#6
External: Benchmark,
AIM annual plan and Internal: financial,
market analysis,
strategic budgets organisational analysis,
regulatory analysis,
portfolio, etc. etc.

SWOT

#5 #4
AIM long-term plans for KPIs, scorecard AIM strategy
strategic areas development


Section 2: Asset integrity practices


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Appendix 3

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Section 3: Operation readiness and assurance (ORA)


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identification control and
& planning
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Leadership and integration

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integrity & Reservoir compliance
inspection and knowledge commissioning, Groups
operations management and risk
and reliability contractor management start-up and transfer
integrity management

Maintenance Automation, Maintenance


Maintenance Spare parts
planning and monitoring & support Subjects
and reliability management
scheduling analysis services

Philosophies & Philosophies &


Deliverables
strategies strategies

Static Rotating Static Rotating


Sub-deliverables
equipment equipment equipment equipment

Corrosion management procedure Pipeline inspection


Activities
service
Appoint responsible team
Contractor prequalification Tasks

Draft document
Tender period
Supporting information
Review document
Bid evaluation and award
Update & issue document
Contract kick-off


Section 4: Organization challenges and achievements


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