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Mystery fiction - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Mystery_fiction

Mystery fiction
Mystery fiction is a genre of fiction usually involving a mysterious
death or a crime to be solved. Often with a closed circle of suspects,
each suspect is usually provided with a credible motive and a
reasonable opportunity for committing the crime. The central character
oftentimes will be a detective who eventually solves the mystery by
logical deduction from facts presented to the reader.[1] Sometimes
mystery books are nonfictional. "Mystery fiction" can be detective
stories in which the emphasis is on the puzzle or suspense element and
its logical solution such as a whodunit. Mystery fiction can be
contrasted with hardboiled detective stories, which focus on action and
gritty realism.

Mystery fiction may involve a supernatural mystery where the solution


does not have to be logical, and even no crime involved. This usage was
common in the pulp magazines of the 1930s and 1940s, where titles
such as Dime Mystery, Thrilling Mystery and Spicy Mystery offered Mystery, 1934 mystery fiction
what at the time were described as "weird menace" stories magazine cover
—supernatural horror in the vein of Grand Guignol. This contrasted
with parallel titles of the same names which contained conventional
hardboiled crime fiction. The first use of "mystery" in this sense was by Dime Mystery, which started out as an
ordinary crime fiction magazine but switched to "weird menace" during the later part of 1933.[2]

Contents
Beginnings
Classifications
See also
References
External links

Beginnings
The genre of mystery novels is a young form of literature that has developed since the early-19th century. The rise
of literacy began in the years of the English Renaissance and, as people began to read over time, they became more
individualistic in their thinking. As people became more individualistic in their thinking, they developed a respect
for human reason and the ability to solve problems.[3][4]

Perhaps a reason that mystery fiction was unheard of before the 1800s was due in part to the lack of true police
forces. Before the Industrial Revolution, many of the towns would have constables and a night watchman at best.
Naturally, the constable would be aware of every individual in the town, and crimes were either solved quickly or
left unsolved entirely. As people began to crowd into cities, police forces became institutionalized, and the need for

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Mystery fiction - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mystery_fiction

detectives was realized – thus the mystery novel arose.[5]

An early work of modern mystery fiction, Das Fräulein von Scuderi by


E. T. A. Hoffmann (1819), was an influence on The Murders in the Rue
Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe (1841) as may have been Voltaire's Zadig.
Wilkie Collins' epistolary novel The Woman in White was published in
1860, while The Moonstone (1868) is often thought to be his
masterpiece. In 1887 Arthur Conan Doyle introduced Sherlock Holmes,
whose mysteries are said to have been singularly responsible for the
huge popularity in this genre. The genre began to expand near the turn
Novels by Agatha Christie
of century with the development of dime novels and pulp magazines.
Books were especially helpful to the genre, with many authors writing
in the genre in the 1920s. An important contribution to mystery fiction in the 1920s was the development of the
juvenile mystery by Edward Stratemeyer. Stratemeyer originally developed and wrote the Hardy Boys and Nancy
Drew mysteries written under the Franklin W. Dixon and Carolyn Keene pseudonyms respectively (and were later
written by his daughter, Harriet Adams, and other authors). The 1920s also gave rise to one of the most popular
mystery authors of all time, Agatha Christie, whose works include Murder on the Orient Express (1934), Death on
the Nile (1937), and the world's best-selling mystery And Then There Were None (1939).[6]

The massive popularity of pulp magazines in the 1930s and 1940s increased interest in mystery fiction. Pulp
magazines decreased in popularity in the 1950s with the rise of television so much that the numerous titles
available then are reduced to two today: Alfred Hitchcock's Mystery Magazine and Ellery Queen's Mystery
Magazine. The detective fiction author Ellery Queen (pseudonym of Frederic Dannay and Manfred B. Lee) is also
credited with continuing interest in mystery fiction.

Interest in mystery fiction continues to this day because of various television shows which have used mystery
themes and the many juvenile and adult novels which continue to be published. There is some overlap with
"thriller" or "suspense" novels and authors in those genres may consider themselves mystery novelists. Comic
books and graphic novels have carried on the tradition, and film adaptations or the even-more-recent web-based
detective series, have helped to re-popularize the genre in recent times.[7]

Classifications
Mystery fiction can be divided into numerous categories, including "traditional mystery", "legal thriller", "medical
thriller", "cozy mystery", "police procedural", and "hardboiled".

See also
Detective fiction
Giallo
List of crime writers
Famous fictional detectives
List of fictional detective teams
List of mystery writers
List of thriller authors
Mystery film
The Top 100 Crime Novels of All Time
Zadig
Thriller (genre)

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Mystery fiction - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mystery_fiction

References
1. http://teacher.scholastic.com/reading/bestpractices/comprehension/genrechart.pdf
2. Haining, Peter (2000). The Classic Era of American Pulp Magazines. Prion Books. ISBN 1-85375-388-2.
3. "A Short History of the Mystery" (https://web.archive.org/web/20090719004017/http:
//www.historyofthemystery.com/short_history.php?page=33). Archived from the original
(http://www.historyofthemystery.com/short_history.php?page=33) on 19 July 2009.
4. "Mystery Time Line" (http://www.mysterynet.com/timeline/history-of-mystery/).
5. Gilber, Elliot (1983). The World of Mystery Fiction. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University
Popular Press. ISBN 0-87972-225-8.
6. Davies, Helen; Marjorie Dorfman; Mary Fons; Deborah Hawkins; Martin Hintz; Linnea Lundgren; David Priess;
Julia Clark Robinson; Paul Seaburn; Heidi Stevens; Steve Theunissen (14 September 2007). "21 Best-Selling
Books of All Time" (http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/21-best-selling-books-of-all-time.htm). Editors of
Publications International, Ltd. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
7. J. Madison Davis: "How graphic can a mystery be?" (http://www.ou.edu/worldlit/onlinemagazine/2007July
/2graphic-mystery.pdf), World Literature Today, July–August 2007 Archived (https://web.archive.org
/web/20070925202021/http://www.ou.edu/worldlit/onlinemagazine/2007July/2graphic-mystery.pdf) 25
September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.

External links
Stop, You're Killing Me! (http://www.stopyourekillingme.com/) is an Anthony Award-winning website that
compiles resources for lovers of mystery, crime, thriller, spy, and suspense books.
Mystery Fiction (http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/MysteryFiction) at TV Tropes
Mystery Weekly Magazine (http://www.mysteryweekly.com/) presents crime and mystery short stories by some
of the world's best established and emerging mystery writers.
German Mystery Blog (https://www.mysteryblog.de/) with daily news.

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