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11/17/2018 Q & A: Times for Ishraq and Chasht Prayers

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Albalagh Home Q&A Times for Ishraq and Chasht Prayers

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Text: Times for Ishraq and Chasht
Prayers
ALBALAGH
NEWSLETTER
Email: By Mufti Ebrahim Desai
POSTED: 18 SHAWWAL 1423, 23 DECEMBER 2002

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Unsubscribe Q.) What's the starting, ending and Mustahab time for Ishraaq
and Chaast Prayers? [Muhammad Faizan]
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A.) In a lengthy Hadith, Sayyidna Ali, Radi-Allahu anhu, is
updates to this page, as well as reported to have said, 'In the morning when the sun rises to the
provide other useful information. height of that the same as it is at the time of Asr, the Prophet
used to perform 2 Rakaats (Salatul Ishraaq). When the sun
rose in the east to the height where it is in the west at the time
of Dhuhr Salat, he performed 4 Rakaats (Salat al-Dhuhaa,
Chast).' (Shamaail Tirmidhi, Hadith No.271)

According to the Fuqahaa (jurists) and Muhadditheen (scholars


of Hadith), the time for Salat al-Dhuhaa is from the morning
after the Makrooh time passes till Zawaal. But according to the
Sufis this period covers the time for two separate Salats, one is
Ishraaq and the other is Dhuhaa. The Sufis substantiate their
view from the above mentioned Hadith of Sayyidna Ali, Radi-
Allahu anhu, and other narrations. (Khasaail Nabawiy pg.292)

Ishraaq Salat

Rasulullah is reported to have said that Allah Ta'ala says, 'O


son of Aadam, perform 4 Rakaats of Salat (Ishraaq) in the early
part of the day. I shall help you in accomplishing all your
responsibilities during the rest of the day.' (Mishkaat pg.116)

In another narration of Tirmidhi, Rasulullah is reported to


have said, 'He who performs Fajr Salat with Jamaat and
remains seated in the same place while engaging in Dhikr until
after sunrise and thereafter performs 2 Rakaats Nafil Salat,
(Ishraaq), he will obtain the Thawaab of one Hajj and one
Umrah.' (Tirmidhi).

From the above Ahaadith, we learn that the number of Rakaats


to be performed are 2 or 4 Rakaats, and the Mustahabb method
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11/17/2018 Q & A: Times for Ishraq and Chasht Prayers

of performing it is to remain seated in your place of Salat after


Fajr and engage in Dhikr, etc. until sunrise. Then,
approximately, 10-15 minutes after sunrise perform 2-4
Rakaats. 'If a person gets occupied in some worldly activity after
the Fajr Salat, and after sunrise he offers Ishraaq Salat, this will
also be permissible although the reward will be less.' (Bahishti
Zewar part2 pg.30)

Dhuhaa Salat

Sayyidna Anas, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Rasulullah


(Sallallaahu Alayhi

Wasallam) said, 'Whoever performs 12 Rakaats of Salat al-


Dhuhaa, Allah Ta' ala will build for him a castle of gold in
Jannah.' (Mishkaat pg.116)

It is reported that Sayyidna Aaisha (Radhiallaahu Anha) used to


perform 8 Rakaats of Salat al-Dhuhaa. She said that even if her
parents arose from the grave, she would not leave Salat al-
Dhuhaa to go and meet them. (Ibid). Rasulullah is reported
to have said, 'Whoever offers 2 Rakaats of Salat al-Dhuhaa, all
his sins will be forgiven even though they are as much as the
foam of the sea.' (Ibid)

'Salat al-Dhuhaa consists of 2 - 12 Rakaats and it is preferable to


perform 8 Rakaats.' (Raddul Mukhtaar vol.1 pg.505)

The Mustahabb (preferred) time of performing Salat al-Dhuhaa


is after 1/4 of the day has passed. This is deduced from a Hadith
of Muslim. (Halabi; Sharah Kabeer pg.390). From many
Ahaadith, we understand that Salat al-Dhuhaa should be
performed after the sun has risen quiet high. Because the
Fuqahaa and Muhadditheen are of the opinion that the
commencement of the time of Salat al-Dhuhaa is the same as
that of Ishraaq (i.e. immediately after sunrise), the Ulama have
stated that 'if due to lack of time, one performs the Salat of
Ishraaq and Dhuhaa together at one time, that too will be
correct.' (Our Namaas pg.44)

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Albalagh Home Q&A Times for Ishraq and Chasht Prayers

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