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# Worksheet 1

## Practice the questions given in the worksheet on section formula.

1. Find the coordinates of the points which divides the join of P (-1, 7) and Q
(4, -3) in the ratio 2 : 3.

2. Find the point of bisection of the line segment AB, where A (-6, 11) and B
(10, -3)

3. Find the coordinates of the points which divides the join of X (-1, 7) and Y (4,
-3) in the ratio 7 : 2.

4. Find the point of trisection of the line segment AB, where A (-6, 11) and B
(10, -3).

5. Find the coordinates of points of trisection of the line segment joining the
point (6, -9) and the origin.

6. If X, Y and Z divides the line segment PQ in four equal parts such that PX =
XY = YZ = ZQ, and the coordinates of P and Q are (1, 6) and (3, -4)
respectively then find the coordinates of X, Y and Z.

7. In what ratio is the line segment joining X (0, 3) and Y (4, -1) divided by the
x-axis. Write the coordinates of the point where XY intersects the x-axis.

8. If the point (p, q) is the middle point of the line segment joining the points P
(7, -4) and Q (-1, 2) then find p and q.

9. Let M (-3, 5) be the middle point of the line segment XY whose one end has
the coordinates (0, 0). Find the coordinates of the other end.

10. In what ratio is the line segment joining X (2, -3) and Y (5, 6) divides by
the x-axis? Also, find the coordinates of the point of division.

11. Find the ratio in which the line segment PQ, where P (-5, 2) and Q (2, 3), is
divided by the y-axis.

12. Find the ratio in which the point X (-6, h) divides the join of P (-4, 4) and Q
(6, -1) and here hence find the value of h.

13. Find the ratio in which the line segment PQ, where P (4, -2) and Q (1, 3), is
divided by the x-axis.
Worksheet 2
MENSURATION

## 1. A hemispherical bowl of diameter 36 cm contains milk. This milk is to be poured into

cylindrical bottles of radius 3 cm and height 6cm. How many such milk bottles can be
filled?

2. A toy is in the shape of a right circular cylinder with a hemisphere at one end and a
cone at the other end. The height and the radius of the cylindrical part are 13 cm and 5
cm respectively. The radius of the hemisphere and the conical part is the same as that
of the cylinder. Calculate the surface area of the toy, if the height of the conical part is
12cm.

3. The diameter of a sphere is 8cm. Find the length of the side of a cube, correct to 1
decimal place, which has the same surface area as that of the sphere.

4. Find the number of square meters of tin foil necessary to cover completely, 56 right
circular cones, whose height is 8cm, if the radius of its base is 6cm.

5. The surface area of a solid metallic sphere is 1,256 cm2. It is melted and recast into solid
right circular cones of radius 2.5 cm and height 8 cm. Calculate :
i. The radius of the solid sphere.
ii. The number of cones recast. [Take π = 3.14]

6. A hollow sphere of internal and external diameters 4cm and 8cm respectively is melted
into a cone of base diameter 8cm. Find the height of the cone.

7. A vessel in the form of an inverted cone, is of height 8cm and radius 5cm and is full of
water. When some spheres of radius 0.5cm are dropped into the vessel, ¼ of the water
overflows. How many spheres were dropped into the vessel?

8. From a solid cylinder whose height is 16 cm and radius is 12 cm, a conical cavity of
height 8 cm and of base radius 6 cm is hollowed out. Find the volume and total surface
area of the remaining solid.

9. A solid sphere and a solid hemi-sphere have the same total surface area. Find the ratio
between their volumes.

10. Metallic spheres of radii 6 cm, 8 cm and 10 cm respectively are melted and recast into a
single solid sphere. Find the surface area of solid sphere formed.
1. Two ships are sailing in the sea on the two sides of a lighthouse. The
angle of elevation of the top of the lighthouse is observed from the ships
are 30º and 45º respectively. If the lighthouse is 100 m high, the
distance between the two ships is:
A. 300 m B. 173 m
C. 273 m D. 200 m

## Let BD be the lighthouse and A and C be the positions of

the ships.
Then, BD = 100 m, BAD = 30° , BCD = 45°

tan30°=BD/BA
1 100
⇒ =
√3 𝐵𝐴

⇒ 𝐵𝐴 = 100√3

tan45°= BD/BC

100
⇒1 =
𝐵𝐶

⇒BC =100

## Distance between the two ships

= AC = BA + BC
=100 √3+100

=100(√3+1)
= 100(1.73+1) = 100 × 2.73 = 273 m

## 2. A man standing at a point P is watching the top of a tower, which makes

an angle of elevation of 30º with the man's eye. The man walks some
distance towards the tower to watch its top and the angle of the
elevation becomes 45º. What is the distance between the base of the
tower and the point P?
A. 9 units B. 3√3 units
C. Data inadequate D. 12 units

𝑆𝑅
tan 45° =
𝑄𝑅
𝑆𝑅
tan 30° =
𝑃𝑅
𝑆𝑅
=
𝑃𝑄 + 𝑄𝑅

From a point P on a level ground, the angle of elevation of the top tower is
30º. If the tower is 200 m high, the distance of point P from the foot of the
tower is:
A. 346 m B. 400 m
C. 312 m D. 298 m

𝑅𝑄
tan30° =
𝑃𝑄
1 200
=
√3 𝑃𝑄
200
PQ =
√3
= 200 × 1.73
= 346 m

3. The angle of elevation of the sun, when the length of the shadow of a
tree is equal to the height of the tree, is:
A. None of these B. 60°
C. 45° D. 30°
Consider the diagram shown above where QR
represents the tree and PQ represents its shadow
We have, QR = PQ
Let QPR = θ
𝑄𝑅
tan θ = = 1 (since QR = PQ)
𝑃𝑄
=> θ = 45°
i.e., required angle of elevation = 45°

## 4. An observer 2 m tall is 10√3 m away from a tower. The angle of

elevation from his eye to the top of the tower is 30º. The height of the
tower is:
A. None of these B. 12 m
C. 14 m D. 10 m
Worksheet
Name _____________________

1. Show, by shading, the area in the rectangle which is more than 4cm from
point A

2. Show, by shading, the area in the rectangle which is less than 5cm from
point A
A snail moves so that it is always within the rectangle and is equidistant from
points A and B. Use ruler and compasses to show where the snail moves.

The diagram shows a scale drawing of a garden. Emma is going to plant a tree in the
garden. The tree must be less than 7 m from the fountain and less than 12 m from
the bench. On the diagram show, by shading, the region in which Emma can plant
the tree.