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MV & HV Switchgear Operations & Maintenance

Pre Test - Part 2

Name: ___________________________________ Date: ______________


1. OSHA regulations state that when entering an attended substation each employee
should receive information on _________________________ affecting employee
(system conditions, new tools)
safety, that currently exist.

2. A ___________________ breaker stores high-pressure gas in a


(gas-blast, gas-puffer)
reservoir until it is needed.

3. A ___________________ breaker contains high-pressure gas only for


(gas-blast, gas-puffer)
the brief moment that the breaker operates.

4. True or False:
A solenoid operating mechanism within a circuit breaker allows the contacts to
to ‘self – lubricate.’

5. The feature of a solenoid operating mechanism that provides the force to close the
breaker contacts is a _____________ (solenoid, ratchet-contact).

6. The features of a motor/spring operating mechanism that provide the force to


close the breaker contacts are a (a) __________________ and a (b) _______________.
(motor, activator pin, closing spring)

7. Match each function listed in Column A with the appropriate feature of a solenoid
operating mechanism from Column B. Write the correct number in each blank.

Column A Column B
______ a. Releases the opening (1) Opening spring
force (2) Trip coil and trip latch
______ b. Transmits opening and (3) Arrangement of links and
closing forces to contacts levers
______ c. Provides the opening (4) Circuit that energizes the
force solenoid
______ d. Activates the closing force
Continued:
8. (a) ____________________ operating mechanisms use compressed air
(Pneumatic, Hydraulic)
to operate a breaker; (b) ___________________ operating mechanisms
(pneumatic, hydraulic)
use a fluid system.

9. True or False:
OSHA regulations concerning apparel, requires each employer to train employees
about the hazards associated with being exposed to flames or electric arcs.

10. Fluids are _________________________ which makes them good to use in


(compressible, non-compressible)
high pressure, hydraulic systems.

11. Match each feature of a pneumatic operating mechanism listed in Column A with
the appropriate function from Column B. Write the correct number in each blank.

Column A Column B
______ a. Air compressor, reservoir, (1) Provides the force to close
and cylinder/ piston the breaker
assembly (2) Releases the closing force
______ b. Trip coil and trip latch (3) Provides the force to open the
______ c. Opening spring breaker
______ d. Links, levers, and (4) Connect the operating
operating rods mechanism to the breaker
______ e. Closing coil and control contacts
valve (5) Releases the opening force

Continued:
12. Match each feature of a hydraulic operating mechanism listed in Column A with
the appropriate function from Column B. Write the correct number in each blank.

Column A Column B
______ a. Trip coil and trip latch (1) Provides the force to close
______ b. Links, levers, and the breaker
operating rods (2) Release the closing force
______ c. Motor and pump, (3) Provides the opening force
reservoir, accumulator, (4) Connect the operating
and cylinder and piston mechanism to the breaker
assembly contacts
______ d. Opening spring (5) Releases the opening force
______ e. Closing coil and control
valve

13. In a pneumatic operating mechanism, it is the force of _________________ that


(oil, compressed air)
moves the piston and the operating rod linked to it to close the breaker contacts.

14. True or False.


In both pneumatic and hydraulic operating mechanisms, the opening spring is charged as
the breaker contacts close.

15. Working on substation circuit breakers requires ______________ concerns


(similar, no)
for electrical hazards and protection against them, as can be found elsewhere
in a high-voltage power system.