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Socrates- Know Thyself

1. Theory of Forms and Ideals


(Knowing your potential and capabilities) 2. Allegory of the Cave

 Self is not discovered, not a


product of realization.
Parts of the Soul
 Self is being work on
something that is achieve. 1. The Rational Part of the Mind- mind
consciousness and awareness.
Incongruence-not knowing their capabilities 2. Spirited and Hot-Blooded- emotions
but very vocal with their skills of having justice.
Socrates claims that “He knows nothing” Yet 3. Appetite or Appetitive-part
he was regarded as the wisest. responsible for desires, pleasures, lust
and leisure.
“A little learning is a dangerous thing”

“Those who talk too much does not know” St. Augustine
As if they know but pretend to know many - He wrote over 100 works in Latin, many of
things, the knowledge is very minimal. them texts in Christian Doctrine and
apologetic works against various heresies.
Socrates- Father of Western Philosophy. He
His best known for Confession.
uses questions as method or what we call as
Socratic Method, because he knows nothing - St. Augustine’s CITY OF GOD “Time and
as what he claims.
Memory”
Knowledge is inherent in man, not outside.
Wisdom is learning to recollect. - Memory and Consciousness

DEATH OF SOCRATES - Enduring Self-you were your past, the


same person who does the very same thing
Socrates was said to drink “Hemlock”. Plato when you were young, you were the one
wrote Socrates philosophical views.
who drinks milk and was breastfeed from
MONISM- holds that man is composed of your mother.
one basic substance or consist of a single
element. Body and soul is one. Memory- Past
Present- Direct Experience
DUALISM-two irreducible element
matter or spirit. Body and soul is Future- Expectations; Uncertainties
separated, soul pre-existed the body. “The best way to predict our future
is to create it”
Plato
Why did God didn’t give us everything?
According to Plato, (Reason) separation
of the soul to the body.
We need to be incomplete in order to as we do, then an omnipotent, omniscient
have faith, in order to need someone. and omnibenevolent God would ensure that
such a world does in fact exists for us.
St. Augustine contributed well in Self- Consciousness is a proof for the existence of
Examination God
Introspection- “reflect”
Sigmund Freud
- Recording your own record of
doings Self is a multi-layered. It is composed of
- Reflection or reflecting yourself. id, ego and superego.
Augustine died on August 28, 430, aged 75 According to Freud, there are only
during the siege of Hippo by the Germanic two reasons for our doings;
Vandals, who destroyed all of the city
1. The desire to be great
except Augustine’s library and cathedral.
2. Sexual Urges
Id- demanding desires
John Locke
Ego-reality principal
John Locke’s main philosophy about self or
Superego- morality principal
personal identity is founded on
consciousness or memory and not on either
body or soul. For him personal identity is a
matter of psychological continuity David Hume
He rejected that brain has something to do - No self as mental activity, all there is,
with consciousness as the brain as well as is a complex set or bundle (collection) of
the body may change while consciousness perceptions of interrelated events that
remains the same. He considered that reflect the world in its entirely.
personal identity goes with consciousness.

Rene Descartes
(Diskarte; Innovative; Creative)
“I think therefore I am”
“Cogito, ergo sum”

Self is a thinking thing. You can doubt


everything that is perceive by your sight.
When you doubt, you exist.

If we have the overwhelming impression of


the existence of a concrete world around us,
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF THE SELF - We learn who we are by interacting
Sociology – society to people
Anthropology – culture - Contemplation of personal qualities
Rationalism – there is an INNATE
and impress of how others perceive
KNOWLEDGE
Empiricism – no such thing such as innate us.
knowledge. Based on EXPERIENCE - “ the mind is mental because the
GEORGE MEAD human mind is social “
- Self is not biological but social
- Slef is developed through social
LOOKING GLASS SELF
interaction
- Self grows out of a person social
3 STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELF interaction with others
IMITATION
3 MAIN COMPONENTS OF LOOKING GLASS
- Develops self by allowing individuals
SELF
to respond to each other through
- Imagine how we must appear to
symbols gesture and etc.
others
PLAY
- Imagine the judgment of that
- Develops self by allowing individuals
appearance
to understand and adhere to the
- Develop ourselves through
roles, pretend and express
judgement of others.
expectation of others
GAME ERVING GOFFMAN
- Develops self s n individual, in this - life is like a theater
stage you are going to consider what - the presentation of self in everyday
others think about you. life
SELF HAS TWO SIDES
- I SELF SETTING
- Is the acting part of the self - place
- An immediate response to other PERFORMANCE
- actions
people
APPEARANCE
- Is the face of the self that is not
- gender, age, citizenship
socialize and spontaneous
MANNERS
- ME SELF - behavior being displayed
- Organized set of attitudes of others FRONT STAGE
which one assumes - in front of many people
- Considered the socialized aspect of BACK STAGE
the individual - natural
- Represents what you have learned LAST STAGE
- off stage, do not mind other
CHARLES HORTON COOLEY
ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SELF HUMAN PRODUCTIVE SYSTEM (PPSSSTVE)
 Penis
CULTURAL IDENTITY  Testes
- refers to the identity of feeling of
 Vass deferens
belongingness to a certain group.
 Scrontum
- Refers to a person’s sense of
 Semen
belonging to a particular culture or
 Sperm
group
 Prostate glands
PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF
THE SELF  Epididymis
TRUE SELF * FALSE SELF FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
FALSE SELF – IDEAL SELF (OOVVFUC)
SELF FROM WESTERN AND EASTERN SELF  Ovary
WESTERN – Individualistic  Ovum
EASTERN – Collectivistic  Fallopian Tube
 Uterus
ACHIEVING ON EMOTIONALLY HEALTH
PERSONALITY  Cervix
 Learn to accept things  Vagina
 Observe moderation in showing  Vulva
emotion
EROGENOUS ZONE – SENSITIVE PART OF
 Develop sense of humor
HUMAN BODY
 Put yourself in other’s shoes MALE (EMLNNPPS)
 Avoid being perfectionist  Mouth
 Accept mistake  Neck
 Accept limitation  Ears
 Cultivate friendship  Lips
ACHIEVING PHYSICAL AND WELL BEING  Nipples
 Eat healthy foods
 Scrotum
 Healthy life style
 Perineum
 Right hygiene
 Penis
 Vitamins FEMALE ( EMLNNBVCC)
 Avoid stress  Cervix
 Less gadgets  Vagina
 Clitoris
SEXUAL ASPECT OF THE SELF
 Breasts
FREUD’S SEX URGE HUMAN SEXUAL RESPONSE
- The instinct of man that is  Excitement
continuously seeking pleasure  Plateau
 Orgasm to alter or change his living conditions for
 Resolution better because he can recognize the
STAGES difference of right or wrong.
1st – LUST (LIBIDO ) - establishing a democratic culture
2ND - ATTRACTION - Real citizen
- Adrenaline – sweat, heart beats fast - Jus soli Real Citizen (A.4 Sec 2)
- Jus sanguinis by blood
- Dopamine – increase energy,
Real citizen is…
overthinking , cause not to sleep - know how to respect the law
- Serotein – always think - - Love for the environment
rd
3 - ATTATCHMENT - Respect Authorities
- Oxytocin – release by m and f during - Political dynasty
orgasm
- Vasopressin – anti diuretic, BECOMING A BETTER STUDENT
Learning defined:
monogamous
- Can be defined as permanent change in
DIVERSITY OF SEXUAL BEHAVIORS behavior as a result of experience.
- SOLITARY SEX – alone Characteristics of Learning
- HETEROSEXUAL – Man and Woman 1. Learning is purposeful
- HOMOSEXUAL – same gender 2. Learning is a result of experiences
- BISEXULAITY – Both gender 3. Learning is multifaceted
- TRANSEXUAL – sex rearignment ; 4. Learning is an active process.
people who are convinced that
What happens during learning?
he/she is born with the wrong body
1. Brain changes
and wishes to or who can actually 2. Behavioral changes
went to sex-reassignment surgery
MATERIAL SELF STUDY STRATEGIES
4 PARTS
 BODY * CLOTHES * FAMILY * HOME 1. Get organized plan ahead of time
- Needs and wants are differents 2. Prepare your review materials
SPIRITUAL SELF 3. Ask help
FAITH – act of a heart 4. Quiz yourself
REASON – is an act of mind 5. Allot time to take a break and
ESSENCE – EXISTANCE eliminate stress
6. Create or join a study group
ESSENCE – sense before exist 7. Teach what you have learned
EXISTANCE – first than essence 8. Study to understand not study to
remember.
POLITICAL SELF

-Man as political animal


- Because he can reason and communicate
with others, therefore, he has the potential