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FINITE ELEMENT METHOD: QUESTION BANK

1) Define the terms: (i) CST. (ii) LST. 2) List any four-software used for FE analysis. 3) List 2-D elements used by ANSYS or other software 4) Applications of FEM.

5) Define shape function. 6) Define: (i) Nodes. (ii) Primary Nodes(iii) Secondary Nodes. (iv) Internal Nodes. 7) Application of the CST element. 8) List out Type of Symmetry.

9) Define (i) Local

Coordinates. (ii) Global

Coordinates.

1

List and describe the general steps of the Finite Element Method

2

Discuss the use of Pascal’s triangle for selection of the displacement function. Also give the various examples for the same giving convergence criteria.

3

Define axi-symmetric element. Give the various strains those are to be considered for the same. Also give some real-life structures those can be solved by axi-symmetric element.

 

A

constant strain triangle element has the three nodes as (0,0), (5,0) and (5,4). Calculate the Stiffness

4

matrix for the element to be used in plane stress analysis. Assume E = 200kN/mm 2 , thickness = 20 mm and Poisson’s ratio as 0.2.

5

Formulate the isoperimetric formulation shape function for 1D bar element.

6

Give advantages and disadvantages of Finite Element Method.

7

Select a suitable displacement function for a beam element and show that it satisfies the convergence criteria.

8

For a four noded plate element having four nodes at (1, 1), (6, 2), (6, 5) and (1, 4), calculate the Jacobian matrix using one-point integration. The coordinates of the nodes are shown in units of metres.

9

Determine the nodal displacements at node B, stresses in each part and support reactions in the bar shown

in

Fig. 1, due to applied axial force of 80 kN and uniform temperature rise of 200C. The Cross-sectional

area of AB and BC part is 1000 mm 2 and 2700 mm 2 , respectively. Modulus of elasticity of AB and BC part is 0.7 × 10 5 MPa and 2 × 10 5 MPa, respectively. The coefficient of thermal expansion of AB and BC part is 22 × 10-6 / 0 C and 12 × 10-6 / 0 C, respectively.

22 × 10-6 / 0 C and 12 × 10-6 / 0 C, respectively. 10 Derive

10

Derive stiffness matrix for beam element using general finite element approach.

11

Describe pre-processing and post-processing capabilities of any software used for Finite element analysis.

12

Write short note on ‘Hermite Polynomial’.

 

13

Discuss the defects of CST element.

 

14

Derive the relationship to determine the element stiffness matrix for a CST element?

15

Find the approximate deflection of a simply supported beam of length L under a uniformly distributed load P using the Galerkin s method.

16

Determine shape functions for a 2-noded beam element using polynomial functions (generalized coordinates).

17

Draw neat sketch and define plane stress and plane strain problems. Also, show the constitutive law for plane stress and plane strain problems

18

What is pre processor and post processor? Enlist various desirable features of pre processor and post processor

19

For the spring assemblage shown in fig. 1, obtain the displacements of nodes 2& 3 and the reaction forces

at

nodes 1 & 4. Take P = 5 kN

20

Differentiate between a LINK element and a BEAM element

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