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1. Discuss what is meant by primary research?

2. Discuss the major differences between quantitative data and


qualitative data?

3. Discuss the major differences between quantitative data and


qualitative research design?

4. Discuss what is research? What is meant by Language data?

5. In applied linguistics research Discuss what is meant by ontology,


epistemology, methodology and methods?

6. The differences between by quantitative data and qualitative is


research are ideological ones. Explain?

7. Explain what is meant by ‘categories’ or ‘codes’? What are they used for
in applied linguistics research’?

8. Discuss the main characteristics of quantitative research?

9. Giving examples, explain what is meant by a priori categorization?


10.Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of quantitative research?

11. Discuss the strengths of quantitative research?

12. Discuss the weaknesses of quantitative research?

13. Discuss the main characteristics of qualitative research?

14. Discuss the strengths of qualitative research?

15. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative research?

16.Discuss the weaknesses of qualitative research?

17. Discuss the main characteristics of mixed methods research design?

18. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of mixed methods research?

19. Discuss what is meant by mixed methods research design?

20.Explain what is meant by the term ‘triangulation’ in the social


sciences? What was the result of using such a term?

21. Discuss the main characteristics of mixed methods research?


22.Discuss the strengths and the weaknesses of mixed methods research
design?

23.Discuss the weaknesses of mixed methods research design?

24.Reaching multiple audiences is one of the strengths of mixed methods

research design, explain?

25.Research validity concerns the whole research process, explain?

26.Explain what is meant by measurement validity?

27. Explain what is meant by construct validity?

28. Explain the difference between internal validity and external

validity in research?

29.Discuss the main threats to research validity?

30.Discuss the basic quality concerns in quantitative research?

31. Discuss the basic quality concerns in qualitative research?


32.Discuss the basic components of trustworthiness in qualitative

research?

33. Discuss the basic quality criteria in mixed methods research?

34.Any qualitative researcher who is not asleep ponders moral and ethical

questions. Explain?

35. Explain what is meant by research ethics?

36.Research ethics handles sensitive aspects of research, discuss giving

examples?

37.Explain what is meant by researcher integrity?

38. Explain what is meant by Informed consent?

39. Explain what is meant by Sample, population, and representativeness?

40.Discuss the basic Sampling procedures in social research?


41. Explain what is meant by questionnaires and what do they measure?

42. Discuss the basic Strengths and weaknesses of questionnaires.

43. Discuss the basic differences between Experimental and quasi-

experimental studies?

44. Discuss the basic Strengths and weaknesses of experimental and

quasi-experimental designs?

45. Discuss the basic differences between purposive and theoretical

sampling in qualitative inquiry?

46.Qualitative data are sexy. Discuss.

47. Discuss the basic sampling procedures in qualitative research?

48.Discuss the main types of interviews in qualitative research?


49.Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of focus group interviewing?

50.Discuss the Strengths and weaknesses of case studies?

51. Discuss what is meant by Introspective methods?

52.Discuss what the term ‘case study’ refers to in qualitative research?

53.Discuss main types of quantitative data?

54.Discuss main principles of qualitative data analysis?

55.Discuss what the term data analysis refers to in qualitative research?

56.Discuss main steps in qualitative data analysis

57.Discuss main steps in quantitative data analysis?