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NR 600, Ch 6, Sec 4

3.5.2 Visual and non-destructive examinations In a given ship cross-section bounded by the panels, a radi-
ography is to be made of each butt of sheerstrake, stringer,
After completion of the welding operation and workshop
bilge and keel plate; in addition, the following radiogra-
inspection, the structure is to be presented to the Surveyor
phies are to be taken:
for visual examination at a suitable stage of fabrication.
• bottom plating: two
As far as possible, the results on non-destructive examina- • deck plating: two
tions are to be submitted.
• side shell plating: two each side.
Non-destructive examinations are to be carried out with
appropriate methods and techniques suitable for the indi- For ships where B + C ≤ 15 m, only one radiography for
vidual applications, to be agreed with the Surveyor on a each of the above items is required.
case-by-case basis. This requirement remains applicable where panel butts are
shifted or where some strakes are built independently from
Radiographic examinations are to be carried out on the the panels. It is recommended to take most of these radiog-
welded connections of the hull in accordance with [3.5.3]. raphies at the intersections of butt and panel seams.
The results are to be made available to the Society. The sur-
veyor may require to witness some testing preparations. Still in the midship area, a radiographic inspection is to be
taken, at random, of the following main members of the
The Society may allow radiographic examinations to be structure:
replaced by ultrasonic examinations. • butts of continuous longitudinal bulkheads
When the visual or non-destructive examinations reveal the • butts of longitudinal stiffeners, deck and bottom girders
presence of unacceptable indications, the relevant connec- contributing to the overall strength
tion is to be repaired to sound metal for an extent and • assembly joints of insert plates at the corners of the
according to a procedure agreed with the Surveyor. The openings.
repaired zone is then to be submitted to non-destructive
examination, using a method deemed suitable by the Sur- Outwards the midship area, a programme of radiographic
veyor to verify that the repair is satisfactory. inspection at random is to be set up by the shipyard in
agreement with the Surveyor for the major points. It is fur-
Additional examinations may be required by the Surveyor ther recommended:
on a case-by-case basis. • to take a number of radiographies of the very thick parts
Ultrasonic and magnetic particle examinations may also be and those comprising restrained joint, such as shaft
required by the Surveyor in specific cases to verify the qual- brackets, solid keel and its connection to bottom struc-
ity of the base material. ture, chain plates welding, stabilizer recesses, masts
• to take a complete set of radiographies or to increase the
3.5.3 Radiographic inspection number of radiographies for the first joint of a series of
identical joints. This recommendation is applicable not
A radiographic inspection is to be carried out on the welded only to the assembly joints of prefabricated members
butts of shell plating, strength deck plating as well as of completed on the slip, but also to joints completed in
members contributing to the longitudinal strength. This the workshop to prepare such prefabricated members.
inspection may also be required for the joints of members
subject to heavy stresses. Where a radiography is rejected and where it is decided to
carry out a repair, the shipyard is to determine the length of
The present requirements constitute general rules: the the defective part, then a set of inspection radiographies of
number of radiographs may be increased where requested by the repaired joint and of adjacent parts is to be taken.
the Surveyor, mainly where visual inspection or radiographic Where the repair has been decided by the inspection office
soundings have revealed major defects, specially for butts of of the shipyard, the film showing the initial defect is to be
sheerstrake, stringer plate, bilge strake or keel plate. submitted to the Surveyor together with the film taken after
repair of the joint.
Provisions alteration to these rules may be accepted by the
Society when justified by the organization of the shipyard or 3.5.4 Acceptance criteria
of the inspection department; the inspection is then to be
equivalent to that deduced from the present requirements. The quality standard adopted by the shipyard is to be sub-
mitted to the Society and applies to all constructions unless
As far as automatic welding of the panels butt welds during otherwise specified on a case-by-case basis.
the pre-manufacturing stage is concerned, the shipyard is to
carry out random non-destructive testing of the welds (radi- 3.6 Modifications and repairs during con-
ographic or ultrasonic inspection) in order to ascertain the struction
regularity and the constancy of the welding inspection.
3.6.1 General
In the midship area, radiographies are to be taken at the
joinings of panels. Deviations in the joint preparation and other specified
requirements, in excess of the permitted tolerances and
Each radiography is situated in a butt joint at a cross-shaped found during construction, are to be repaired as agreed with
welding. the Society on a case-by-case basis.

188 Bureau Veritas February 2017