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16.0 SADDLE DESIGN UNDER OPERATING CONDITION [AS PER U-2(g)]


[ASME Sec. VIII Div. 2 based on the Zick method]
[Pressure Vessel Design Maual, Dennis Moss 4th Edition]

Shell Material - sa-516 gr.70 Stiffener in the plane of saddle - No


Head Material - sa-516 gr.70 Stiffener on both side of saddle - No
Saddle Material - IS 2062 E250 B Type of Head - Elliptical Head
Base Plate Material - IS 2062 E250 B Wear plate welded to shell - Yes
Vessel is stiffened - No

Design Parameters Value Unit


T Design Temperature 220 °C
P Claculated Design Pressure 15 kg/cm²g 1.471 MPa
D Inside Shell Diameter 4235 mm
C Corosion Allowance 3.2 mm
Dc Corroded Inside Shell Diameter = (D + (2*C)) 4241.4 mm
R Corroded Inside Shell Radius 2120.7 mm
ts Corroded Shell thicknes 3.2 mm
Rm Mean radius = (R + (ts/2))) 2122.3 mm
L Shell length (TL to TL) 13253 mm
th Head thickness 28 mm
tr Thickness of wear plate 18 mm
H Inside Depth of head in corroded condition 1060.35 mm
Wo Operating weight of the vessel 249869 kg ### N
A Distance from Tangent line of vesel to Center of saddle 800 mm
B Distance from center line of vessel to bottom 2200 mm
n Number of saddle 2 Nos.
Ls Center of Saddle to saddel distance 8953 mm
E Length of base plate 4370 mm
b saddle width 395 mm
b1 Wear Plate width 1200 mm
E Joint Efficiency in shell 0.85
Allowable stress value for shell / head material 1406 kg/cm²
S,Sr 137.88 MPa
[As Per ASME Section - II, Part - D, Subpart 1, Table 1A]
Allowable stress value for R.F Pad Material 1406 kg/cm²
Sr 137.88 mm
[As Per ASME Section - II, Part - D, Subpart 1, Table 1A]
Minimum Yield stress value for shell 2651.272 kg/cm²
FY 260 MPa
[As Per ASME Section - II, Part - D, Subpart 1, Table - Y1]

Page 20 of 35
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Minimum Wear Plate Effective Width to be considered in analysis [b1']

b1' = min [b + 1.56*sqrt( Rm * ts ), 2a ]

b1' = min [ 395 + 1.56 * SQRT ( 2122.3 x 3.2 ), 2 x 800 ] = 523.559 mm

Wear Pad Width 1200 mm is less than 1.56*sqrt(Rm*t) and less than 2a. The wear plate will be ignored.

ADDITIONAL LONGITUDINAL FORCES :- [As Per Dennis Moss, Page No. 256]

Pier Deflection, FL1 :-

FL1 = Ks Y Ks - Pier Spring Rate N.R


n
This is not a case of Pier Deflection.

Expansion / Contraction due to Friction Load, FL2 :-

µ = friction coefficient of sliding Material [As Per Dennis Moss, Page No. 267] 0.06

FL2 = µ * Wo = 0.06 x 2451214.89 = 147072.89 N

[Teflon to Teflon friction]

Bundle Pulling Force (Load applies to fixed saddle) , Fp :-

Fp = No additional Pulling force is applied N.R

CALCULATION OF SADDLE REACTION FORCES, Q

FL = Wind Force towards longiudinal direction 4710 N


(Calculated in wind Load calculation)

Ft = Wind Force towards Transverse direction per saddle 5928 N


(Calculated in wind Load calculation)

FL' = Seismic Force towards longiudinal direction 18352.1 N


(Calculated in Seismic Load calculation)

Ft' = Seismic Force towards Transverse direction per saddle 9176.05 N

Saddle Reaction Force due to Wind in Transverse Direction Ft, [Fwt]: [As Per Dennis Moss, Page No. 260]

Fwt = 3 Ft B = 3 x 5928 x 2200 = 8953.043 N

Page 21 of 35
x x
E 4370

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Saddle Reaction Force due to Wind in Longitudinal Direction FL, [FwL]: [As Per Dennis Moss, Page No. 260]

FwL = Max (FL , FL1, FL2, Fp) * B


Ls
FwL = Max 4710 N.R 147072.89 N.R * 2200 36139.882 N
8953

Saddle Reaction Force due to Earthquake or Friction Longitudinal Direction FL' , [FsL] :-

FsL = Max (FL' , FL1, FL2, Fp) * B


Ls
FsL = Max 18352.1 N.R 147072.89 N.R * 2200 36139.882 N
8953

Saddle Reaction Force due to Earthquake in Transverse Direction Ft, [Fst]:

Fst = 3 Ft' B = 3 x 9176.05 x 2200 = 13858.565 N


E 4370

LOAD COMBINATION RESULTS FOR Q :- [As Per Dennis Moss, Page No. 260]

Longitudinal, Q1
Q1 = Wo + Max (FwL , FsL)
n

Q1 = 2451214.9 + Max 36139.882 36139.882 = 1261747.327 N


2

Transverse, Q2
Q2 = Wo + Max (Fwt , Fst)
n

Q2 = 2451214.9 + Max 8953.043 13858.565 = 1239466.01 N


2
Now,

Q = Max of Q1 and Q2 = Max 1261747.327 1239466.01 = 1261747.327 N

Where, A ≤ 0.25 L = 800 ≤ 3313.25 Distance A is acceptable

Page 22 of 35
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HORIZONTAL VESSEL ANALYSIS

Wear Plate is Welded to the Shell, k = 0.1 [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Clause 4.15.6]

Stress Coefficients For Horizontal Vessels on Saddle Supports [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Table 4.15.1]

Saddle Contact angle, θ 139 Degree 2.426 Radian


Δ = (π / 6) + (5 θ / 12) 1.535 Radian
α = 0.95 (π - θ/2) 1.833 Radian
β = ( π - θ/2) 1.929 Radian
ρ = 90.143 Degree [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Table 4.15.1] 1.573 Radian
The angles Δ, θ, β, and ρ are in radians in the calculations.

K1 = Δ + sinΔ cosΔ - 2sin²Δ / Δ = 0.139 K1* = Δ + sinΔ cosΔ - 2sin²Δ / Δ = 0.246


π (sinΔ / Δ - cosΔ) π (1- sinΔ / Δ )

K2 = sinα = 0.912 K3 = sinα α - sinα cosα = 0.605


π - α + sinα cosα π π - α + sinα cosα

K4 = 3 sin²α = 0.33 K5 = 1 + cosα = 0.7


8 π - α + sinα cosα π - α + sinα cosα

K6 = 3 cosβ sinβ ² - 5 sinβ cos²β + cos³β - sinβ + cosβ - βsinβ sinβ ² - 1 - sin 2β
4 β 4β 2 4β 4 β 2 4β
2π sinβ ² - 1 - sin2β
β 2 4β
K6 = 0.0386

K7 = K6 / 4 = 0.0097 When, A / Rm ≤ 0.5

K7 = 3 K6 A - 1 K6 = N.A When, 0.5 < A / Rm < 1


2 Rm 2

K7 = K6 = N.A When, A / Rm ≥ 0.5

K8 = cosβ 1 - cos2β + 9 sinβ cosβ - 3 sinβ ²


4 4β β + β sinβ = 0.318
2 π sinβ ² - 1 - sin 2β 2π
β 2 4β

K9 = 1 - 1 + (π - β) cotβ cosρ + ρ sinρ = 0.251

Page 23 of 35
2π 2

K10 = 1 ρ sinρ + cosρ 3 + (π - β) cot β - (π - β) = 0.0438


2π 2 sinβ

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Longitudinal Bending Moment at saddles, M1 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.3]

1 - A + Rm² - H²
M1 = -QA 1 - L 2AL
1 + 4H
3 L

x
1 - 800 2122.3 ² - 1060.35 ²
x x x x
M1 = -1261747.327 800 1 - 13253 2 800 13253
x
1 + 4 1060.35
x
3 13253

M1 = -6979614.46 N.mm

Longitudinal Bending Moment at Mid Span, M2 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.4]

M2 = QL 1 + 2 (Rm² - H²)
4 L² - 4A
1 + 4H L
3 L

1 + 2 2122.3 ² - 1060.35 ²
x
M2 = 1261747.327 13253 13253 ² - 4x 800
x
4 1 + 4 1060.35 13253
x
3 13253

M2 = 2913488877.01 N.mm

Maximum shear force in saddle, T -: [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.5]

T = Q L - 2A = ### 13253 - 2x 800 1002477.81 N


L + 4H 13253 + 4 1060.35
3 3

Longitudinal stress at top of shell, σ1 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.6]

σ1 = P Rm - M2
2 ts π Rm² ts
x
σ1 = 1.471 2122.3 - 2913488877.01 423.46 MPa
x x x

Page 24 of 35
x x x
2 3.2 3.142 2122.3 ² 3.2

Longitudinal stress at bottom of shell, σ2 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.7]

σ2 = P Rm + M2
2 ts π Rm² ts
x
σ2 = 1.471 2122.3 + 2913488877.01 x 552.13 MPa
x x
2 3.2 3.142 2122.3 ² 3.2

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σ1-σ3 = Longitudinal bending at saddles (Tension in top , compression at bottom)

Circumferential stress in stiffener

σ6 = Circumferential compression
σ4 = Longitudinal Bending at Mid Span at bottom of shell

τ1-τ3 = Tangential shear stress - result in diagonal lines in shell Circumferential compression at
in the plane of saddle
τ3* = Tangential shear in head

Additional tension in head σ7 = Circumferential Bending at


horn of saddle
LONGITUDINAL STRESSES FOR STIFFENED SHELL :-

Longitudinal stress at top of shell at support, σ3 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.8]

σ3 = P Rm - M1
2 ts π Rm² ts

x
σ3 = 1.471 2122.3 - -6979614.46 N.A MPa
x x x
2 3.2 3.142 2122.3 ² 3.2

Longitudinal stress at bottom of shell at support, σ4 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.9]

σ4 = P Rm + M1
2 ts π Rm² ts

x
= 1.471 2122.3 + -6979614.46 N.A MPa
x x x

Page 25 of 35
x x x
2 3.2 3.142 2122.3 ² 3.2

LONGITUDINAL STRESSES FOR UNSTIFFENED SHELL :-

Longitudinal stress at top of shell at support, σ3* :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.10]

σ3* = P Rm - M1
2 ts K1 π Rm² ts

x
σ3* = 1.471 2122.3 - -6979614.46 488.91 MPa
x x x x
2 3.2 0.139 3.142 2122.3 ² 3.2

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Longitudinal stress at bottom of shell at support, σ4* :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.11]

σ4* = P Rm + M1
2 ts K1* π Rm² ts

x
σ4* = 1.471 2122.3 + -6979614.46 487.17 MPa
x x x
2 3.2 0.246 3.142 x 2122.3 ² 3.2

SHEAR STRESSES WITH STIFFENING RING IN THE PLANE OF SADDLE SUPPORT :-

shear stress in the cylindrical shell with a stiffening ring in the plane of the saddle support, τ1 :-
[As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.13]
τ1 = T = 1002477.81 N.A MPa
x
π Rm ts 3.142 x 2122.3 3.2

shear stress in the cylindrical shell with a stiffening ring on both side of the saddle support, τ2 :-
[As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.14]
K T x
τ2 = 2 = 0.912 1002477.81 N.A MPa
Rm ts 2122.3 x 3.2

shear stress in the cylindrical shell without stiffening ring, τ3 :-


[As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.15]
x
τ3 = K 3
Q = 0.605 1261747.327 112.40 MPa
Rm ts 2122.3 x 3.2

Shear stress in Head stiffened by a torispherical or elliptical head, τ3* :-


[As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.16]
x
τ3* = K3 Q = 0.605 1261747.327 12.85 MPa
x
Rm th 2122.3 28

Membrane stress in the head as a stiffener, σ5 :-

σ5 = K4 Q + PR (Torispherical Head) [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.17]
Rm th 2 th

Page 26 of 35
x x
σ5 = 0.33 1261747.327 + 1.471 2120.7 N.A MPa
x x
2122.3 28 2 28

σ5 = K4 Q + PR R (Elliptical Head) [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.18]
Rm th 2 th H
x x
σ5 = 0.33 1261747.327 + 1.471 2120.7 2120.7 118.42 MPa
x x
2122.3 28 2 28 1060.35

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CIRCUMFRENCIAL STRESSES WITHOUT WEAR PLATE

Decay Length, (x1,x2) :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.22]

x1, x2 = 0.78 * SQRT (Rm * ts) 64.28 mm

Circumfrential stress in shell, σ6 :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.23]
x x
σ6 = - K5 Q k = -0.7 1261747.327 0.1 NA MPa
x + +
ts (b + x1 + x2) 3.2 395 64.28 64.28

Circumfrencial copmpression stress at horn of saddle,σ7 :-

If L ≥ 8 Rm => 13253 < 16978.4

σ7 = -Q - 3 K7 Q [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.24]


4 ts (b + x1 + x2) 2 ts²

x x
-1261747.327 - 3 0.0097 1261747.327
x + 64.28 + x
4 3.2 395 64.28 2 3.2 ²

σ7 = NA MPa

If L < 8 Rm => 13253 < 16978.4

σ7* = -Q - 12 K7 Q Rm [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.25]


4 ts (b + x1 + x2) L ts²

x x
σ7* = -1261747.327 - 12 0.0097 x 1261747.327 2122.3
x
4 3.2 395 + 64.28 + 64.28 13253 x 3.2 ²

σ7* = NA MPa

Page 27 of 35
CIRCUMFRENCIAL STRESSES AT WEAR PLATE :-

Wear Plate/Shell Stress ratio [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.29]

Ƞ = min Sr , 1 = min 137.88 , 1 = 1


S 137.88

Circumfrential stress at wear plate , σ6,r :- [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.26]
x x
σ6,r = - K5 Q k = -0.7 1261747.327 0.1 -3.472 MPa
x + x
b1 (ts + Ƞ tr) 1200 3.2 1 18

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Circumfrencial copmpression stress at horn of saddle with wear plate ,σ7,r :-

If L ≥ 8 Rm => 13253 < 16978.4 [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.27]

σ7,r = -Q - 3 K7 Q
4 (ts + Ƞ tr) b1 2 (ts + Ƞ tr)²

x x
-1261747.327 - 3 0.0097 1261747.327
x + x x +
4 3.2 1 18 1200 2 3.2 1 x 18 ²

σ7,r = N.A MPa

If L < 8 Rm => 13253 < 16978.4

σ7,r* = -Q - 12 K7 Q Rm [As Per ASME Section VII, Div. 2, Equation 4.15.28]


4 (ts + Ƞ tr) b1 L (ts + Ƞ tr)²

x
σ7,r* = -1261747.327 - 12 x 0.0097 x
1261747.327 2122.3
x + x x + x
4 3.2 1 18 1200 13253 3.2 1 18 ²

σ7,r* = -64.73 MPa

HORIZONTAL STRESS ANALYSIS RESULT

Calculated stress Allowable stress


Description Result
MPa MPa
Longitudinal stress at top of shell 423.46 SE = 117.2 Fail
Longitudinal stress at bottom of shell 552.13 SE = 117.2 Fail
Longitudinal stress at top of shell at support 488.91 SE = 117.2 Fail

Page 28 of 35
Longitudinal stress at bottom of shell at support 487.17 SE = 117.2 Fail
shear stress in the cylindrical shell 112.40 0.8S = 110.3 Fail
shear stress in the Head 12.85 0.8S = 110.3 Safe
Membrane stress in the head as a stiffener 118.42 1.25S = 172.35 Safe
Circumfrential stress in shell -3.47 S = 137.88 Safe
Circumfrencial copmpression stress at horn of saddle -64.73 1.25S = 172.35 Safe

Hence All above calculated stresses are within allowable limits, Therefore saddle is safe.

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SADDLE PARTS DE(AS PER PRESSURE VESSEL DESIGN MANUAL - DENNIS R. MOSS)

Calculation of Moment of Inertia & Cross - Sectional area of saddle :- [As Per Dennis R.Moss, Page No. 270]

Shell Part Details :-


b1' = Effective Width = H + √ Rm ts (H= b1) 1328.559 mm
ts = Shell thickness corroded 3.2 mm
Wear Plate Details :- Base Plate Details :-
H = Width of Wear Plate 1200 mm F = Width of base plate 300 mm
tr = Thickness of wear plate 18 mm tb = Baseplate thickness 20 mm

Web Details :-
k = Height of center rib 30.5 mm Io = Moment of inertia for rectangles = b d³
n = No. of ribs 4 mm 12
J = Rib thickness 10 mm
tw = Web thickness 10 mm
h = Height from neutral axis C1 center of section

Page 29 of 35
A Y AY h h² A h² Io
S.no. Comp.
mm² mm mm² mm mm² mm³ mm⁴
1 Shell 4251.39 1.6 6802.22 18.66 348.2 1480333.998 3627.85
2 Wear plate 21600 12.2 263520 8.06 64.96 1403136 583200
3 Web 305 36.45 11117.25 -16.19 262.12 79946.6 23643.85
4 Base plate 6000 61.7 370200 41.44 1717.27 10303620 200000
∑A = 32156.39 ∑AY = 651639.47 ∑Ah² = 13267036.60 ∑Io = 810471.70

C1 = ∑AY 20.26 mm I = Ah² + Io = 14077508.30 mm⁴


=
∑A

C2 = h - C1 = 51.44 mm

Crosectional Area of saddle (Excluding Shell) , A S :-

AS = ∑A - A1 (Shell) = 32156.39 - 4251.39 = 27905 mm²

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Web Analysis :-
K1 = 1 + Cosβ - 0.5 Sin²β = 0.238
π - β + Sinβ Cosβ

Saddle Splitting force :-

fh = K1* Q =

fh = 0.238 x 1261747.327 = 300295.86 N

Tension stress :-

σT = fh = 300295.86 = 10.76 MPa


AS 27905

σT < 0.6 Fy = 10.76 < 156 MPa safe

distance from base to centroid of saddle arc, d :-

d = B - R SinӨ = 2200 - 2120.7 x 0.937 = 561.83 mm


Ө 1.213
Where, Ө = θ/2 = 1.213

Bending moment (M) :-


M = fh * d = 300295.86 x 561.83 = 168715223.02 N.mm

Bending Stress, fb :-

Page 30 of 35
fb = MC1 = 168715223.02 x 20.26 = 242.81 MPa
I 14077508.30

fb < 0.66 Fy = 242.81 < 171.6 MPa Fail

Base Plate with centre web :-

F = Width of base plate 300 mm


E = Length of base plate 4370 mm
Fb = Allowable bending stress = 0.66 Fy 171.6 MPa

Area, Ab = EF 1311000 mm²

Base Plate Thickness, tb :-

tb = 3QF 3 x 1261747.327 x 300 19.46 mm


√ 4 E Fb √ 4 x 4370 x 171.6

Hence Selected 20 mm thickness is greater than calculated thickness, base plate design is safe.

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Check of Outside Ribs: - Longitudinal Direction [As Per Dennis R.Moss, Page No. 272]

Effective length of base plate, e = (E - Clearance) / (n-1) = 4370 - 25.4 1448.2 mm


4 - 1

Baseplate Pressure Area, Ap = e * F/2 = 1448.2 x 300 217230 mm²


2

Bearing Pressure, BP = Q = 1261747.327 0.96 MPa


Ab 1311000

Axial Load, P = Bp Ap = 0.96 x 217230 208540.8 N

Area of rib, Ar = ( F - Clearance - tw ) * J + e/2 * tw

Ar = 300 - 25.4 - 10 x 10 + 724.1 x 10 9887 mm²

Compressive Stress, fa = P / Ar = 208540.8 9887 = 21.09 MPa

RIB
Gb = Width of outer rib 274.6 mm
J = Thickness of rib 10 mm
WEB
w = Width of Web 274.6 mm

Moment of inertia, I = J (Gb + w) ³ = 17255214.11 mm⁴


12 2

Page 31 of 35
C1 = (Gb + w) / 4 = 274.6 + 274.6 / 4 137.3 mm

Radius of gyration, r = √ I / Ar = √ 17255214.11 9887 41.78 mm

Selenderness ratio,Kℓ1 / r = 1.2 x 1300 37.34


41.78
K is factor for buckling.

Check Limit :- [As Per AISC Designn Manual]


Fy = Yield Stress of material@Design temperature = 260 MPa
E = Modulus of Elasticity of rib material @Design Temperature IS 2062 E250 B = 200000 MPa
[As Per ASME Section - II, Part - D,Table - TM1]

Cc = 2π² E = 2 x 3.142 ² x 200000 = 123.24


√ Fy √ 260

Selenderness ratio, Kℓ1 / r < Cc => 37.34 < 123.24 MPa

if elenderness ratio, Kℓ1 / r < Cc , Then, Fa = [1 - (Kℓ1/r) ²] Fy


2 Cc²
5 + 3 (Kℓ1/r) - (Kℓ1/r)³
3 8 Cc 8 Cc ³
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1 - 37.34 ² x 260
Fa = 2 x 123.24 ² 139.61 MPa
5 + 3 x 37.34 - 37.34 ³
3 8 x 123.24 8 x 123.24 ³

Unit force, fu = FL / 2 E = 18352.1 / 2x 4370 2.1 MPa

x
Bending Moment, M = 0.5 fu e ℓ1 = 0.5 c 2.1 x 1448.2 x 1300 1976793 N.mm

x
Bending stress, fb = M C1 = 1976793 c 137.3 15.73 MPa
I 17255214.11

AISC Unity Check on Outside Ribs ( must be <= 1.0 )

fa + fb < 1 => 21.09 + 15.73 < 1


Fa Fb 139.61 171.6

0.151 + 0.092 < 1 => 0.243 < 1 Safe

Check of Inside Ribs : - Axial Direction [As Per Dennis R.Moss, Page No. 273]

Effective length of base plate, e = (E - Clearance) / (n-1) = 4370 - 25.4 1448.2 mm


4 - 1

Baseplate Pressure Area, Ap = e*F = 1448.2 x 300 434460 mm²

Page 32 of 35
Bearing Pressure, BP = Q = 1261747.327 0.96 MPa
Ab 1311000

Axial Load, P = Bp Ap = 0.96 x 434460 417081.6 N

Area of rib, Ar = ( F - Clearance - tw ) * J + e/2 * tw

Ar = 300 - 25.4 - 10 x 10 + 724.1 x 10 9887 mm²

Compressive Stress, fa = P / Ar = 417081.6 9887 = 42.18 MPa

RIB
Gb = Width of inner rib 274.6 mm
J = Thickness of rib 10 mm

Moment of inertia, I = J Gb³ = 17255214.11 mm⁴


12

C2 = Gb / 2 = 274.6 / 2 137.3 mm

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Radius of gyration, r = √ I / Ar = √ 17255214.11 9887 41.78 mm

Selenderness ratio,Kℓ1 / r =
1.2 x 245 7.04
41.78
K is factor For one end fixed and the other end free to move laterally

Check Limit :- [As Per AISC Designn Manual]


Fy = Yield Stress of material@Design temperature = 260 MPa
E = Modulus of Elasticity of rib material @Design Temperature IS 2062 E250 B = 200000 MPa
[As Per ASME Section - II, Part - D,Table - TM1]

Cc = 2π² E = 2 x 3.142 ² x 200000 = 123.24


√ Fy √ 260

Selenderness ratio, Kℓ2 / r < Cc => 7.04 < 123.24 MPa

if elenderness ratio, Kℓ2 / r < Cc , Then, Fa = [1 - (Kℓ1/r) ²] Fy


2 Cc²
5 + 3 (Kℓ1/r) - (Kℓ1/r)³
3 8 Cc 8 Cc ³

1 - 7.04 ² x 260
Fa = 2 x 123.24 ² 153.77 0

Page 33 of 35
5 + 3 x 7.04 - 7.04 ³
3 8 x 123.24 8 x 123.24 ³

Unit force, fu = FL / 2 E = 18352.1 / 2x 4370 2.1 0

x
Bending Moment, M = fu e ℓ2 = 1 c 2.1 x 1448.2 x 245 745098.9 N.mm

Bending stress, fb = M C1 = 745098.9 x 137.3 5.93 0


c
I 17255214.11

AISC Unity Check on Outside Ribs ( must be <= 1.0 )

fa + fb < 1 => 42.18 + 5.93 < 1


Fa Fb 153.77 171.6

0.274 + 0.035 < 1 => 0.309 < 1 Safe

Page 34 of 35
MATERIAL
SA - 240 GR. 304 inserted
SA - 240 GR. 304 L Abutting
SA - 240 GR. 316
SA - 240 GR. 316 L 1 When an opening is in the solid plate or in a Category B butt joint
SA 312 TP 304 0.85 When an opening is located in an ERW or autogenously welded pipe or tube
SA 312 TP 304L
SA 182 F 304 [Carbon Steel]
SA 182 F 304 L [Stainless Steel]
SA 182 F 316
SA 182 F 316L Radial Nozzle SP-1 SM-1 SR-1
SA - 516 GR. 70 Hill Side Nozzle (Offset Nozzle) SP-2 SM-2 SR-2
SA 105 SP-3 SM-3 SR-3
SA 106 GR. B exempted Condition met SP-4 SM-4
IS 2062 GR. A not exempted Condition not met SP-5 SM-5
SP-6 SM-6
SP-7 SM-7
SP-8 SM-8
SP-9 SM-9
SP-10 SM-10

3C 1C
[Not Applicable] 4C 2C-1
[Applicable]
3A 1B 2B
[Not Eccentrically loaded] 1A 1B-1 2B-1
[Eccentrically loaded] 3B

[E70XX]
[E60XX] Yes
No
Effective length from Center to centre of stiffener rings [As Per Fig. UG-28]
Effective length [As Per Fig. UG-28.1, (a-1] Elliptical Head
Torispherical Head
Head
Shell
[Not Eccentrically loaded]
Deaerator [Eccentrically loaded]
Storage Tank

Full 1
None 0.7
Spot 0.85

[Given by client]
[Not Given by client calculated as per standard]

Pipe
Plate

2000 #
Socket Weld 3000 # Table 4
Threaded 6000 # Table 6
9000 #

[Not Applicable, calculate for Load Condition 2]


pipe or tube