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PRESSURE DROP CALCULATION

PRESSURE DROP FROM STEAM HEADER TO BATTERY LIMIT


Pipe size calculation
Sl.No. Description Unit
1 Flow of fluid 3.77 T/hr
2 Fluid Velocity 24.78 m/s
3 Density of fluid 5.14504 kg/m3

Pipe diameter 102.26 mm

Outer diameter 114.3 mm


Thickness 6.02 mm
Area of pipe 0.008214058 m

Velocity 24.78 m/s

Pipe wall thickness & Grade calculation


As per Power piping code 31.1
PDo
Tm = +A (Page 15)
2(SE+Py)
P= Design pressure 13.2702275 ksca
Do = Outer diamter 114.3 mm
SE = Allowable stress 1203 ksca
y= Coefficient having values as given in table 104.1.2(A) 0.4
A= Additional thickness 1.5 mm
Tm = 2.13 mm
Tprovided 6.02 mm
Tnominal 5.27 mm
Design pressure shall not exceed
2SE(Tm-A)
P= Do-2y(Tm-A) (Page 15)

P= 98.25 Kg/cm2

Tn - Tm
Bending tolerance
Tm
Tm = Minimum thickness available (mm) 2.13 mm
Tn = Nominal thickness (mm) 5.27 mm
Bending tolerance 147.57 %

Darcy equation
fLV2
hf =
2gD
hf = Head loss to friction in m
f= Friction factor 0.021
V= Velocity of flow 24.78 m/s
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s²
D= Inside diameter of pipe 0.10226 m
ρ= Density of steam 5.14504 kg/m³
μ= Dynamic viscosity 15.0213 μPa.s
L= Length of pipe 235 m
Re = (ρVD) / μ
Re = Reynolds number
Re = 867919.311936659
hf = 1510.31 m
∆P = 76229.80 N/m2
∆P = 0.78 kg/cm2
Pressure drop at Elbow's

kV 2
hf =
2g
hf = Frictional pressure drop
K= minor coefficient 0.2
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s2
V= Velocity 24.78 m/s
ρ= density 5.14504 kg/m3
No.of Elbows 20 Nos
hf = 6.2591541597 m
∆P = 315.92 N/m2
∆P = 0.00322 kg/cm2
Total Pressure Drop at Elbows 0.0644291854
Pressure drop at Tee's

kV2
hf =
2g
hf = Frictional pressure drop
K= minor coefficient 1
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s2
V= Velocity 24.78 m/s
ρ= density 5.14504 kg/m3
No.of Elbows 1 Nos
hf = 31.2957707987 m
∆P = 1579.59 N/m2
∆P = 0.01611 kg/cm2
Total Pressure Drop at Elbows 0.0161072963

Pressure drop at Reducer's

kV2
hf =
2g
hf = Frictional pressure drop
K= minor coefficient 1
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s2
V= Velocity 24.78 m/s
ρ= density 5.14504 kg/m3
No.of Elbows 1 Nos
hf = 31.2957707987 m
∆P = 1579.59 N/m2
∆P = 0.01611 kg/cm2
Total Pressure Drop at Elbows 0.0161072963

Pressure drop at Gate valve

kV2
hf = 2g

hf = Frictional pressure drop


K= minor coefficient 0.15
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s2
V= Velocity 24.78 m/s
ρ= density 5.14504 kg/m3
No.of Valves 1 Nos
hf = 4.6943656198 m
∆P = 236.94 N/m2
∆P = 0.0024 kg/cm2
Total Pressure Drop at Gate valve 0.0024160945

Pressure drop at NRV

kV2
hf =
2g
hf = Frictional pressure drop
K= minor coefficient 2
g= Acceleration due to gravity 9.81 m/s2
V= Velocity 24.78 m/s
ρ= density 5.14504 kg/m3
No.of Valves 0 Nos
hf = 62.5915415974 m
∆P = 3159.17 N/m2
∆P = 0.03 kg/cm2
Total Pressure Drop at NRV 0

Pressure Drop at Flow Nozzle Considered 0 kg/cm2

Total Pressure Drop-A 0.88 kg/cm2