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SRI LANKA STANDARD 1148: 2010

UDC 669.14-426

SPECIFICATION FOR

ZINC COATED AND PLASTIC COATED STEEL CHAIN LINK FENCE FABRIC

(First Revision)

SRI LANKA STANDARDS INSTITUTION

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Sri Lanka Standard SPECIFICATION FOR ZINC COATED AND PLASTIC COATED STEEL CHAIN LINK FENCE FABRIC (First Revision)

SLS 1148: 2010

Gr. 7

Copyright Reserved SRI LANKA STANDARDS INSTITUTION No. 17, Victoria Place, Elvitigala Mawatha Colombo 08 SRI LANKA.

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SLS 1148:2010

Sri Lanka Standard SPECIFICATION FOR ZINC COATED AND PLASTIC COATED STEEL CHAIN LINK FENCE FABRIC (First Revision)

FOREWORD

This standard was authorized for adoption and publication as a Sri Lanka Standard by the Council of the Sri Lanka Standards Institution on 2010.03.25 after the draft, finalized by the Working Group on Zinc Coated and Plastic Coated Steel Chain Link Fence Fabric, had been approved by the Sectoral Committee on Materials, Mechanical Systems and Manufacturing Engineering.

This is the first revision of SLS 1148 and in this revision zinc coating classes to the relevant product grades and a method of tests for uniformity of coating for galvanized wire have been introduced.

The plastic coatings specified in this standard are those which have been proved in service and are known to give complete protection for at least 10 years, provided the coating is not mechanically damaged.

All values given in this specification are in SI units.

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or an analysis shall be rounded off in accordance with SLS 102. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value shall be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

In the preparation of this standard, valuable assistance derived from the following publications of British Standards Institution is gratefully acknowledged.

BS EN 10218-2:1997 Steel wire and wire products-General-Part 2: Wire dimensions and tolerances BS EN 10223-6:1998 Steel wire and wire products for fences-Part 6: Steel wire chain link fencing BS EN 10245-2:2001Steel wire and wire products for fences-Part 2: PVC finished wire

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SLS 1148:2010

1. SCOPE

This standard specifies requirements for zinc coated and/or plastic coated steel chain link fence fabric used in the construction of fences.

2. REFERENCES

ISO 527 Plastics-Determination of tensile test ISO 868 Plastics and ebonite- Determination of indentation hardness by means of durometer (shore hardness)

ISO 1183 Plastics-Methods of determining the density and relative density of non cellular plastics

SLS 102

Presentation of numerical values

SLS 121

Methods of testing mass, thickness and uniformity of coating on hot-

SLS 139

dipped galvanized articles Mild steel wire for general engineering purposes

SLS 428

Random sampling numbers

SLS 978

Metallic materials- Tensile testing at ambient temperature

3

DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this standard the following definitions shall apply:

3.1 chain link fencing: Fencing manufactured from the interlocking of steel wire

helices which provide approximately square meshes (see Figure1). Chain link fencing

may be supplied knuckled (see Figure 2) or with barbed ends, i.e. adjacent pairs of wire ends twisted together and cut at an angle (see Figure 3). Any combination of these two presentations could be used for the bottom and top of the fence fabric.

3.2 core wire: Steel wire with or without zinc coating

3.3 mesh wire: Coated steel wire which is used to manufacture chain link fence

fabric.

3.4 mesh size: Distance measured at right angles internally between adjacent parallel

wires (see Figure1b).

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SLS 1148:2010

SLS 1148:2010 4 GRADES The chain link fence fabric grades shall be one of the following:

4 GRADES

The chain link fence fabric grades shall be one of the following:

a) Grade A; Zinc coated steel wire with plastic coating.

b) Grade B; Non-zinc coated steel wire with plastic coating.

c) Grade C; Only zinc coated steel wire

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SLS 1148:2010

5

REQUIREMENTS

5.1

Material

5.1.1 Core wire

The core wire of the chain link fence shall be mild steel.

5.2 Manufacture and finish

5.2.1

Coating

5.2.1.1 Zinc coating

Before netting, zinc coated wire shall meet the galvanizing requirements (mass, appearance and adhesion of coating) of Class A or Class C or Class D of SLS 139 for Grade A fence fabrics and Class A of SLS 139 for Grade C fence fabrics. Coated wire shall also withstand number of dips as specified in Table 4, when tested for uniformity of coating.

When the samples are taken from a fabricated mesh, the specified minimum mass of coating shall be reduced by 5% and specified dips for uniformity of coating shall be reduced by 30 second dip in Table 4. It shall also be complied with the requirements of SLS 139 for adhesion of coating.

The zinc coating of the coated wire for Grade C fence fabric shall be continuous and reasonably smooth. It shall also be free from imperfections, such as gross dross contamination, not consistent with good coating practice.

5.2.1.2 Plastic coating

The tolerance on overall diameter and dimensional characteristics of plastic coating (see Figure 4) shall be as given in Table 1.

Plastic coating shall be applied to wire by extrusion using a compound complying with the requirements given in Appendix B.

TABLE 1- Dimensional properties of plastic coating

Overall diameter of plastic coated wire

Tolerance on overall diameter of plastic

Minimum radial coating thickness (A – B)

Minimum

concentricity

 

(d)

coating

%

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

 

d 3.15

± 0.15

0.35

60

3.16

< d 6.00

± 0.20

0.40

60

6.01

< d

± 0.25

0.50

60

NOTE: Concentricity is equal to 100 X minimum radial thickness over the maximum radial thickness of any two diameters.

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SLS 1148:2010

SLS 1148:2010 FIGURE 4 - Radial coating thickness The coated wire shall be free from flaw

FIGURE

4 - Radial coating thickness

The coated wire shall be free from flaws, cracks, flaking, floating unevenness and other external defects that are detrimental to practical usage.

5.3 Dimensions

Typical mesh heights (see Figure 1a) of the chain link fences are 0.5 m, 0.8 m, 0.9 m,

1.0

m, 1.2 m, 1.4 m,1.5 m,1.8 m, 2.0 m, 2.1 m, 2.4 m, 2.5 m, 3.0 m, 3.5 m, 3.6 m and

4.0

m.

Mesh sizes and tolerances, typical wire diameters and tolerances of height shall be as given in Table 2. The tolerances for the wire diameters shall be as given in Table 3.

TABLE 2- Chain link fencing mesh dimensions and tolerance, typical wire sizes and tolerances on heights

All dimensions in millimeters

Mesh

   

Size

Tolerance

Wire diameter

Tolerance

(1)

(2)

(3)

on height

(4)

Grade A and Grade B (Diameter of core wire/Overall diameter after plastic coating)

25

± 2.0

1.90/2.65

± 30

40

± 4.0

1.90/2.65; 2.00/3.00; 2.25/3.15; 2.50/3.55

± 30

45

± 4.0

1.70/2.50; 1.80/2.70; 1.90/2.65; 2.00/2.85; 2.25/3.15; 2.50/3.55

± 30

50

± 4.5

1.70/2.50; 1.80/2.70; 1.90/2.65; 2.25/3.15; 2.50/3.55; 3.00/4.00; 3.55/4.75; 4.75/6.40

± 40

60

± 5.0

1.70/2.50; 1.80/2.70; 2.00/3.00; 2.20/3.40; 2.50/3.80; 2.80/4.20; 3.10/4.60; 3.80/5.00

± 50

75

± 5.0

2.00/3.00; 2.25/3.15

± 60

Grade C

25

± 2.0

2.00; 2.50

± 30

40

± 4.0

2.00; 2.50; 3.00; 3.55

± 30

45

± 4.0

2.00; 2.5

± 30

50

± 4.5

2.00; 2.20; 2.50; 3.00; 3.55; 5.00

± 40

60

± 5.0

2.00; 2.20; 2.50; 3.00; 3.55; 5.00

± 50

75

± 5.0

2.50; 3.00

± 60

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SLS 1148:2010

TABLE 3- Tolerances on diameters of wire

Nominal wire diameter

Tolerance

Non-zinc coated wire

Zinc coated wire

 

(1)

(2)

(3)

 

d 2.36

± 0.03

± 0.05

2.36

< d 3.15

± 0.05

± 0.08

3.15

< d 5.00

± 0.05

± 0.10

5.4

Mechanical

properties

5.4.1

Tensile strength

The core wire shall have a tensile strength of 350-550 Nmm -2 , when tested in accordance with 6.2.

5.4.2 Wrapping strength

Wrapping strength of steel wire shall conform to the requirements of 6.3.

5.4.3 Twist strength

Twist strength of steel wire shall conform to the requirements of 6.4

6 METHOD OF TESTS

6.1 Galvanizing

Mass and uniformity of zinc coating shall be carried out in accordance with SLS 121.

The test piece shall withstand number of dips as given in Table 4 without showing any copper deposit on the surface after cleaning with running water.

Appearance and adhesion of coating shall be carried out in accordance with SLS 139.

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SLS 1148:2010

TABLE 4 – Number of dips for uniformity of hot dipped galvanizing

Diameter of steel wire

 

Number of dips

 
 

Class A

 

Class C

 

Class D

 

mm

Mass of

 

Mass of

 

Mass of

 
 

coating

Number of dips

coating

Number of dips

coating

Number of dips

g/m 2

g/m 2

g/m 2

60 second

30 second

60 second

30 second

60 second

30 second

 

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

 

d ≤ 1.85

205

02

--

75

01

--

30

*

--

--

1.85

< d ≤ 2.15

215

02

--

80

01

01

40

*

--

--

2.15

< d ≤ 2.50

230

02

01

85

01

01

45

*

--

--

2.50

< d ≤ 2.80

245

03

--

95

01

01

45

*

--

--

2.80

< d ≤ 3.20

255

03

--

100

01

01

50

*

--

--

3.20

< d ≤ 3.80

265

03

--

105

01

01

60

--

01

3.80

< d ≤ 4.40

275

03

01

110

01

01

60

--

01

4.40

< d ≤ 5.20

280

03

01

110

01

01

70

01

--

* Uniformity of coating shall not be required to test for these mass of coatings.

 

Electro galvanized coatings shall withstand one dip of 30 second duration less than the number of dips specified for hot dip galvanized coatings.

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SLS 1148:2010

6.2 Tensile test

The tensile strength shall be determined in accordance with SLS 978.

6.3 Wrapping test

The wire shall withstand without breaking or splitting when wrapped eight times round its own diameter and subsequently straightened. Wrapping and unwrapping shall be done at a constant speed sufficiently slowly to prevent any rise in temperature.

6.4 Twist test

Section of steel wire having length equal to 100 diameters (between vices), shall withstand not less than 18 twists and a section of wire having a length equal to 50 diameters shall withstand at least 9 twists without breaking.

7

MARKING

The chain link fence fabric shall be identified by legible and indelible marking with the following information.

a) Manufacturer’s name and address or trade mark;

b) Batch number;

c) Grade and mesh size;

d) Core wire size;

e) Class of zinc coating (see SLS 139) where applicable; and

f) Height in meters.

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SLS 1148:2010

APPENDIX A COMPLIANCE OF A LOT

The sampling scheme given in this Appendix should be applied where compliance of a lot to the requirements of this standard is to be assessed based on statistical sampling and inspection.

Where compliance with this standard is to be assured based on manufacturer’s control systems coupled with type testing and check tests or any other procedure, appropriate scheme of sampling and inspection should be adopted.

A.1 Lot

In any consignment all zinc coated and plastics coated steel chain link fence fabric rolls of the same dimension and grade belonging to one batch of manufacture or supply shall constitute a lot.

A.2 SCALE OF SAMPLING

A.2.1 Samples shall be tested from each lot for ascertaining conformity of material to the requirements of this specification.

A.2.2 Three rolls of coated steel chain link fence fabric shall be selected randomly from the lot. Random number tables as given in SLS 428 shall be used, in order to ensure randomness of selection.

A.2.3 Sufficient length of fence fabric shall be cut from the free end of each roll selected as in A.2.2 to form 3 samples.

A.3 NUMBER OF TESTS

A.3.1 Each roll selected as in A.2.2 shall be inspected for marking (7) and appearance/visual requirements given in 5.2.1.

A.3.2 Each cut length of the fence fabric obtained as A.2.3 shall be examined for plastic coating (5.2.1.2) in case of plastic coated wire and dimensions of the mesh and wire diameter (5.3).

NOTE: The three rolls selected as in A.2.2 shall be used to test for mesh height.

A.3.3 Each of the cut length of fence fabric obtain as in A.2.3 shall be tested separately for zinc coating (5.2.1.1), tensile strength (5.4.1), wrapping strength (5.4.2) and twist strength (5.4.3) as describe in (a), (b) and (c).

a) Three suitable test specimens shall be prepared from a helix of one of the cut length and separately tested for mass of zinc coating, uniformity of coating and adhesion of coating.

NOTE: Where the length of helix is insufficient to prepare the test specimens, additional helices shall be permitted to use.

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SLS 1148:2010

b) Another three suitable test specimens shall be prepared from the above cut length and shall be separately tested for tensile strength, wrapping strength and twist strength.

c) (a) and (b) shall be repeated for remaining two cut lengths of fence meshes.

A.4 CRITERIA FOR CONFORMITY

A lot shall be declared as conforming to the requirements of this specification if the

following conditions are satisfied.

A.4.1

Each roll inspected as in A.3.1 satisfies the relevant requirements.

A.4.2

Each test piece examined as in A.3.2 satisfies the relevant requirements.

A.4.3 Each test piece tested as in A.3.3 satisfy the requirements for uniformity of coating, adhesion of coating, wrapping strength and twist strength.

A.4.4 The value of expression (x - s) calculate using the test results on mass of coating shall be greater than or equal to the specified value of requirement.

A.4.5

on tensile strength lie between the specified values of the requirement when tested as

in A.3.3.

The values of the expression (x + s) and (x - s) calculated using the test results

x , Mean value for the sample = Sum of the values of the observation Number of observations

s = Estimated standard deviation based on the sample

APPENDIX B REQUIREMENTS AND TESTING METHODS FOR THE PLASTIC COATING MATERIAL

B.1 REQUIREMENTS

B.1.1 Compound

The compound shall be manufactured from plastics coating material consisting primarily of vinylchloride homopolymer or copolymer obtained by various polymerization processes.

The vinylchloride homopolymer shall be mixed with appropriated primary plastizers, heat and light stabilizers, lubricants and pigments. No extenders or fillers other than stabilizers or pigments shall be used. No other materials shall be added to the compound.

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SLS 1148:2010

Not

more than 5 per cent of clean recycle or regrind vinylchloride homopolyer or its

mix

with approved ingredients shall be added to the virgin, material from which the

compound is to be made.

B.1.2 Plastic coating composition

The

composition shall be agreed between manufacturer and the applicator and shall

take

account of the latter’s method of application.

The

manufacturer shall ensure that the organic coating material composition and its

characteristics remain constant from batch to batch and unchanged from that as agreed at the time of ordering. The manufacturer shall supply reference data for the qualification of the coating material and shall fulfill the requirements of this standard.

The properties of compound material other than the above shall be as Table 5.

TABLE 5- Characteristics of the coating material

Characteristic

Requirement

Test method

(1)

(2)

(3)

Density (Minimum)

1.5 g/ml

ISO 1183

Hardness (Minimum)

38 Shore hardness scale D

ISO 868

Tensile Strength (Minimum)

17 Nmm -2

ISO 527

Elongation (Minimum)

200%

ISO 527

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