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1–3C What is the no-slip condition? What causes it?

1–8C Define stress, normal stress, shear stress, and pressure.

2–14C What is cavitation? What causes it?


2–32 Water at 1 atm pressure is compressed to 800 atm pressure
isothermally. Determine the increase in the density of water. Take the
isothermal compressibility of water to be
4.80 × 105 atm-1.

3–6C Consider two identical fans, one at sea level and the other on top of a
high mountain, running at identical speeds.
How would you compare (a) the volume flow rates and (b) the mass flow
rates of these two fans?

4–77C True or false: For each statement, choose whether the statement is
true or false and discuss your answer briefly.
(a) The Reynolds transport theorem is useful for transforming conservation
equations from their naturally occurring control volume forms to their system
forms.
(b) The Reynolds transport theorem is applicable only to nondeforming
control volumes.
(c) The Reynolds transport theorem can be applied to both steady and
unsteady flow fields.
(d) The Reynolds transport theorem can be applied to both scalar and vector
quantities.

5–26C Express the Bernoulli equation in three different ways using (a)
energies, (b) pressures, and (c) heads.
5–27C What are the three major assumptions used in the derivation of the
Bernoulli equation?
5–28C Define static, dynamic, and hydrostatic pressure. Under what
conditions is their sum constant for a flow stream?
5–29C What is stagnation pressure? Explain how it can be measured.

6–2C Is momentum a vector? If so, in what direction does it point?


6–5C Consider two rigid bodies having the same mass and angular speed. Do
you think these two bodies must have the same angular momentum?
Explain.

7–1C What is the difference between a dimension and a unit? Give three
examples of each.
7–12 Write the primary dimensions of each of the following
variables, showing all your work: (a) acceleration a; (b)angular velocity v; (c)
angular acceleration a.
8–2C What is the physical significance of the Reynolds number? How is it
defined for (a) flow in a circular pipe of inner diameter D and (b) flow in a
rectangular duct of cross section a × b?
8–11C How does surface roughness affect the pressure drop in a pipe if the
flow is turbulent? What would your response be if the flow were laminar?
8–91C Explain how flow rate is measured with a Pitot-static tube, and discuss
its advantages and disadvantages with respect to cost, pressure drop,
reliability, and accuracy.

10–5C What criteria can you use to make an approximation of the Navier–
Stokes equation? Explain.
10–36C In what way is the Euler equation an approximation of the Navier–
Stokes equation? Where in a flow field is the Euler equation an appropriate
approximation?