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The Nation’s Oldest Continuously Published College Weekly Friday, November 30, 2018 Volume 148, Number 11

Bowdoin senior challenges Georgia election

self boarding a flight to Atlan- inquiries to her town clerk’s Abrams’ campaign. Kang first Over the summer, Kang individual vote not contribut-
by Nell Fitzgerald ta, emailing professors to let office, Kang finally received met Abrams in 2017 and was worked for Asians for Abrams ing to make a difference,” said
Orient Staff
them know that she would her absentee ballot. The cave- immediately impressed. and continued to work until Kang.
The day after the midterm not be able to make class. The at? It came the day before the “Once you meet Stacy, you the midterm, translating ads Kang reached out to friends
elections, Arah Kang ’19 re- next day she would present election. Although Kang ex- realize how warm she is, what and phone bank scripts into from Georgia, finding that
ceived a call from the director evidence of voter fraud in press mailed her ballot, it did an amazing person she is,” Korean. After months of work many of them had experi-
of Asian Americans Advanc- three Georgia counties. not arrive to her town clerk’s said Kang. “She has an amaz- on the campaign, Kang want- enced similar difficulties. She
ing Justice (AAAJ), a national Kang’s journey to that office in time to be counted. ing background, an amazing ed her vote to count. began working with her friend
organization that advocates flight began in October, when This tardy reception was story, and her work ethic is “When [my ballot] was Peggy Xu, a graduate of the
for civil and human rights she requested an absentee especially frustrating for unreal. She really works on a rejected, it was super frus- University of Chicago, to keep
for Asian Americans. Three ballot. After weeks of waiting Kang, as she had worked on holistic level—she’s not exclu- trating. Imagine working so
hours later, Kang found her- and numerous unanswered gubernatorial candidate Stacy sive.” hard for a cause and then your Please see BALLOTS, page 4

confronts brutality
toward Wabanaki
to advancing the cultural and
by Alyce McFadden social well-being of indigenous
Orient Staff
people in Maine.
Bowdoin College sits on sto- Following the afternoon dis-
len land. The area campus occu- cussion, Mazo and Burns an-
pies today was once part of the swered questions from students
Wabanaki Confederacy and was and community members in
integral to the cultural identity Kresge Auditorium at an evening
and survival of a network of screening of “Dawnland,” which
indigenous tribes. When Eu- was released earlier this year. The
ropeans colonists arrived, they documentary details the work of
embarked on a program of era- the Truth and Reconciliation
sure and cultural genocide that Commission (TRC), a board of
continues today. five commissioners established
Adam Mazo, the co-director by the Maine State government
and producer of the documen- in 2012 to gather information
tary film “Dawnland,” explained about the separation of Wabana-
this history to a room of students ki children from their families
and community members in a and tribal heritage.
discussion on Thursday after-
Records from the TRC are
housed at Bowdoin in Haw-
Western African Music Ensemble performs in Kanbar Auditorium. SEE PAGE 7.
“It’s especially important for thorne Longfellow Library in
people in Wabanaki territory the George J. Mitchell Special

Willner ’06 discusses $20 million

to witness the testimony,” said Collections. Some items from
Mazo. “To witness the pain and the archive were on display in
the perseverance and the resil- the Nixon Lounge on Thursday
ience of Wabanaki people and afternoon.
to understand their own role
in ongoing colonialism and the
process of decolonization and to
Mazo hopes that “Dawn-
land,” which was released this
March, will help educate viewers
fundraiser for separated families
understand that Wabanaki peo- about the history of the state’s
ple are still here.” indigenous population and the way. children were put under the Dave and Charlotte’s fund-
Mazo was joined by Pent- truth-finding mission of the by Emma Sorkin “You can reach people— supervision of the Department raiser for RAICES was possi-
Orient Staff
hea Burns, co-director of the TRC, which was the first com- there is that common human- of Health and Human Ser- ble in part because of the cou-
Maine-Wabanaki REACH pro- $1,500 is the minimum ity. Every single one of us is vices, resulting in family sepa- ple’s vast network of Facebook
gram, an organization dedicated Please see DAWNLAND, page 4 bond required to help reunite somebody’s child,” Dave said. ration. Part of RAICES’s work friends—both literally and
one family separated at the Dave, now the Director of involves collecting money to figuratively. The pair had jobs
U.S.-Mexico border and was Community Policy at Airbnb, pay bonds to release adults at the social network in 2007,
the original goal of Dave and returned to Bowdoin on Mon- from detention facilities. The so they were able to utilize
Charlotte Willner’s ’06 Face- day for a discussion sponsored organization also helps track contacts within the compa-
Eureka! Just off the book fundraiser. It’s also the
amount they received within
by the McKeen Center and the
Latin American Studies De-
down individuals to make the
process of reuniting families
ny to work with engineers to
adjust Facebook’s fundraiser
22 minutes after starting the partment, where he addressed easier. software itself. Facebook’s
shore of Bowdoin- fundraiser in June. how and why the fundraiser Dave recently visited Texas previously largest fundraiser
Within 90 days, the pair was so successful. to see the impact of the money brought in $2 million, so the
owned Merritt Island, raised over $20 million for
RAICES, a nonprofit agency
While many organizations
work to solve issues arising
donated from the fundraiser
firsthand. In addition to legal
software was not capable of
supporting a fundraiser as
that provides free legal aid to from the immigration cri- aid, RAICES provides support large as the Willners’.
one Mainer has found immigrant and refugee fami-
lies in Texas.
sis, he noted that RAICES is
unique in that it functions as
to those recently released from
“We ended up on a chat
thread with the actual engi-

a perfect habitat for Dave and Charlotte start-

ed the fundraiser after seeing
a pro bono law firm, providing
direct legal aid to undocu-
“When [the Department of
Homeland Security] releases
neers of the project, and they
were helping us make sure that
photos of young, distressed mented minors and families. people from the detention fa- everything kept moving in real
oyster farming. children who had been sep-
arated from their parents at
As part of the Trump ad-
ministration’s “zero-tolerance”
cilities, they drop them off at
the bus station in San Antonio
time,” Dave said.
In addition to familiarity
the border. This reminded the policy enacted in April, adults with a ticket to their eventual with the site and the software,
SEE PAGE 8. couple of their own daughter,
and they hoped it would res-
who were detained at the
U.S.-Mexico border were of-
destination and nothing else.
No food, no directions, no
the couple also has a vast net-

onate with others in the same ten sent to prison, while their translation services,” Dave said. Please see RAICES, page 3

The College reviews sexual assault policies Alums’ documetary spotlights vernacular A historic residence is fostering new and J.B. Wells will not return for the 2019 season. Lowell Ruck ’21 explains how climate
after new guidelines. Page 3. comedy in South Africa. Page 7. collaborative student writing. Page 9. He leaves with a 3-31 record. Page 12. change affects Maine’s skiing. Page 15.
2 Friday, November 30, 2018

11/16 to 11/29 STUDENT SPEAK:
Have you ever had an imaginary friend?
Friday, November 16 Saturday, November 24
• An intoxicated minor was transported to Mid Coast • A fire alarm at Stowe Inn was triggered by carbon
• The dean’s office requested a wellness checks for
monoxide detection.
• An officer recovered a bike that a student had re-
Elise Morano ’20
two students. Both were fine.
• A student reported the theft of a black Genesis
ported stolen.
“Sometimes I read books or papers in
mountain bike, Bowdoin reg: 04901. The bike had
been left unlocked near Chamberlain Hall.
Monday, November 26
• Loud music at Stowe Inn generated a late-night com- my professors’ voices. Does that count?
• Two local residents were asked to leave campus
after they appeared at a
plaint of noise.
• A student with flu-like Or are they just haunting me?”
registered event at Mac- symptoms was transported to
Millan House. Mid Coast Hospital.

Saturday, November 17 Tuesday, November 27 Hyungyu Lee ’19

• A group of unauthorized • A water leak caused wall
visitors was directed to damage in the first floor hall- “I have a lot of friends, so I don’t need
leave campus after they way at Maine Hall.
attempted to enter a regis- • Howell House lost power an imaginary friend.”
tered event at Ladd House. from 6-9 a.m., as did other
homes on Potter Street.
Sunday, November 18 • Facilities Management staff
• Brunswick police reported detecting an am-
warned three students for monia leak at Watson Arena.
disorderly conduct fol- The area was evacuated until Emily Ruby ’19
lowing a noise complaint Brunswick Fire Department
at an off-campus student
residence on Cleaveland
determined that there was an
ammonia release from a pres-
“My identical twin sister—is she actually
• Officers aided a student who was upset about a
sure relief valve. People were allowed to reenter the
building after 30 minutes. As a precaution, the campus
real? Or just in my mind? Idk.”
family crisis. community was informed via Blackboard Connect.

Monday, November 19 Wednesday, November 28

• A man found sleeping in a car behind 85 Federal • An Osher Hall resident reported hearing scream-
Street was directed to leave campus property. ing in the vicinity of South Campus Drive at 12:30
a.m. Officers checked the area and found nothing
David Leen ’20
Wednesday, November 21
• A brief power disruption activated a fire alarm at
“The devil.”
the Burton Little Admissions building. Thursday, November 29
• A preschooler with a tour group at Hubbard Hall
Friday, November 23 pulled a fire alarm.
• Barking led to the discovery of a student dog-sit- • A smoke alarm at the Schwartz Outdoor Leader-
ting inside MacMillan House. ship Center kitchen was caused by overcooked food.


Across eral hint to the other starred

1. Cleanse
55. Terrorist bin Laden
6. Limitation
56. Liquid cooler
14. Earhart’s art
57. New York
16. Golf goof
59. Actress Michelle from
*17. Whisper an answer
19. Country bordering the
60. ___ the season
Caspian Sea
61. Requires
20. Where the heart is?
21. Famous Jane
22. Shopper’s motivator Down
23. Actor Sharif of “Doctor 1. Foundation
Zhivago” (1965) 2. Like C grades
*26. What a moat is, in a 3. Obsolete coin also found
sense in a phonetic alphabet?
30. Light focuser 4. Control and make use of
32. “this is so sad _____ play 5. Summer, to Pierre
despacito” 6. Game for equestrians
33. Ruthenium (Chem. 7. “We’re not in Kansas 18. Audio makeover 35. Over the line (Abbr.) 48. Popular upholstery
symbol) __________.” 24. “One step ___ time” 36. Raised in quality fabric
35. Seep in slow motion 8. Soul, to Simone 25. Subtract’s counterpart 38. Self-obsession 49. Thoughts
*37. A famous James, for 9. Despair 27. Forearm bones 39. Journey 51. California valley
Britain 10. Grammy of sports 28. One is currently being 40. Halliwell once known as 52. Wrap along the Ganges
42. Get older 11. Marvel hero led by the FBI regarding Ginger Spice 53. Shopping need
43. British bum 12. One, in München Russia 41. Rests 54. Fair
44. A of IPA 13. Research and Tech. De- 29. Greece’s national drink 45. Malek, star of Bohemian 55. “___ the ramparts we
46. Music genre velopment (Abbr.) 30. Homer’s daughter Rhapsody (2018) watched…”
48. Mai ___ 15. Greek island, or Cornell’s 31. Sweet 47. Useful thing for an ex- 58. A drink with jam and
*50. Really quickly, or a lit- city 34. British brew plorer bread
Friday, November 30, 2018 NEWS 3

NEWS IN BRIEF New Title IX regulations may affect



VOTING FOR FUTURE ELECTIONS sexual assault procedures
the proposed changes. the complaint. It’s not a way to ber of the Judicial Board, a
On Wednesday at Bowdoin Student Government’s (BSG) by Lauren Katz Although Douglas is hes- have a person removed from faculty member and either the
Orient Staff
weekly meeting, the majority of students voted to adopt itant to comment on how campus, but rather to create Dean of Students or a mem-
ranked choice voting in future elections. The proposal was On November 16, United the Education Department’s some space between an indi- ber the Dean designates, who
brought forward by Vice President of Student Government States Secretary of Education proposed rules will impact vidual and another person.” acts as the chair. Together,
Affairs Amber Rock ’19. Betsy DeVos proposed regu- Bowdoin’s current policies When an individual sub- they decide whether a person
Maine uses ranked choice voting for primary and federal lations to Title IX to provide and procedures, he is partic- mits a complaint, the Office should be found responsible
elections. BSG’s proposal describes ranked choice voting as a new framework for inter- ularly wary of the proposed of Gender Violence Preven- and, if applicable, what an ap-
a system “where voters can rank their preferred candidates preting the federal civil rights requirement of cross-exam- tion creates a list of protective propriate sanction would be.
and, if a majority is not reached, the candidate with the lowest law that prohibits gender inations during hearings, measures that are meant to According to Douglas,
number of first choice votes is removed from the ballot, and discrimination in all schools saying this requirement could keep both parties away from both parties have the right
their votes are allocated to their second choice, if applicable, receiving federal funding. “fundamentally change the each other, some of which to an advisor, which could
until a majority, rather than a plurality is reached.” Changes to this law, which way institutions deal with include “no contact orders” take the form of an attorney
Representatives had to decide whether students should be guides the College’s handling sexual assault.” This change or changes to class schedules, who helps walk the individ-
permitted to rank all candidates or only three of them. Some of sexual assault cases, could would allow complainants work schedules and living ar- ual through the process and
argued that one problem with ranking all candidates is that prompt Bowdoin to reshape and respondents in Title IX rangements. answers questions they may
it would lead students who are unfamiliar with all the can- its policies concerning sexual proceedings to be questioned “The respondent can ap- have. Additionally, both sides
didates to rank the candidates they don’t know in the order misconduct. by the other side in a live peal if they believe their pro- have the right to review what
they are listed, which would unfairly skew the results. Others Under the new regulations, hearing—something that has tective measure is not some- they’ve said to the investiga-
argued that limiting the ranking to three wouldn’t be fair to students accused of sexual raised concerns about the thing they personally want to tor and any notes the inves-
the students who are well-acquainted with all the candidates misconduct would receive potential to retraumatize the deal with,” Douglas said. “But tigator made, as well as the
and would want to rank all of them. greater protection and col- complainant. if they agree to the alternative right to view the preliminary
Rock pointed out that, under the option of ranking all the leges investigating complaints Until a finalized version of Ti- resolution, they will be able to report and appeal the results.
candidates on the ballot, the less-informed students would have may face reduced liability. tle IX is implemented, Bowdoin remain a student at Bowdoin Although the College will
the option of selecting just one candidate. Students would not The Obama Administration will continue to operate under while managing through all likely retain many of its current
be forced to rank all the candidates. The majority then voted in defined harassment as “un- its current policies for handling the protective measures.” procedures, it remains to be
favor of giving students the option to rank all candidates. welcome conduct of a sexu- sexual misconduct cases while In the event of a formal in- seen which provisions of DeVos’
Potential softwares for implementing ranked choice vot- al nature,” but according to reviewing how the proposed Ti- vestigation, the outcome is not proposed guidelines will be im-
ing were briefly discussed, with the options being Blink, a the draft, the changes would tle IX regulations from the U.S. predetermined and the process plemented at Bowdoin and how
student-created software or a third-party software that BSG narrow the definition to in- Department of Education could ensures the elimination of bias they will affect the community.
would need to fund. Although Blink was used for this year’s cidents “so severe, pervasive, affect the College. toward or against a student, Despite this uncertainty,
elections, officers suggested that future use with ranked choice and objectively offensive” that Currently, Bowdoin’s pol- according to Douglas. In a Rose said in an email that
voting could be problematic, since Blink doesn’t randomize they deny access to education. icies for addressing reports formal investigation, Bowdoin “whatever changes may oc-
the order of candidates listed, which could lead less informed Additionally, the changes and accusations of sexual hires external investigators to cur, they will not alter our
students to rank the candidates as they appear, unintentionally would exclude incidents oc- assault have the goals of en- conduct fact-finding. fundamental principle that
favoring candidates higher in the alphabet. curring outside a school “pro- suring due process and of be- “These investigators decide sexual and gender-based vi-
In future meetings, BSG plans to further discuss the logis- gram or activity” from be- ing fundamentally fair for all whether our policies have olence, sexual misconduct,
tics of the new system. havior prohibited under Title parties. There are two routes been violated,” Douglas said. and sexual harassment will
IX, which some experts warn for a student to file a Title IX “They will interview the com- not be tolerated at Bowdoin
could prevent off-campus be- complaint at Bowdoin: an al- plainant, the respondent and … We remain committed to
RAICES connections and social media:
it appealed to a general desire
havior from being considered
in investigations.
ternative resolution or a for-
mal investigation.
Afterwards, the case is sent
an adjudication process that
is transparent, rigorous, and
for the common good, a theme The draft would also al- According to Douglas, an to the sexual misconduct pan- fair for all parties, and one
work of friends due to their with which Bowdoin students low a “clear and convincing” alternative resolution is a “dif- el, which is composed of three that reflects our values as a
professional careers and time are familiar. standard of proof to make ferent way [of] dealing with individuals: a student mem- learning community.”
at Bowdoin. Their connec- “This resonated with peo- determinations in investiga-
tions helped spread awareness ple morally in a way that went tions, which is higher than
about the fundraiser and pro- beyond partisan politics,” he the Obama administration’s
vide support in various fields, said. “It spread in a way that Title IX guidance mandating PROPOSED TITLE IX REGULATIONS—
a point that resonated with penetrated more deeply than a that colleges use the “prepon- KEY CHANGES
students. partisan divide, which I think derance of evidence” standard
“I had a kind of negative really speaks to that notion of proof, though still lower
impression of Silicon Valley, that there is some fundamen- than the criminal standard of • Sexual harassment under Title IX would be defined as quid pro
but after listening to his talk, I tal decency.” “beyond a reasonable doubt.” quo harassment or “unwelcome conduct on the basis of sex that
was definitely more interested Dave added that he felt Bowdoin currently uses the
in thinking about jobs there lucky to find such an impact- preponderance of evidence is so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively
because it seems like they’re ful organization and become standard, which requires denies a person equal access to the school’s education program or
doing a lot of good,” Emilia involved at an opportune time. enough evidence that it is activity.” Obama-era guidelines defined it as “unwelcome conduct
Majersik ’22 said. “You hear The pair is still involved with more likely than not that sex-
about all the ‘evil stuff ’ that RAICES and acknowledges ual misconduct occurred. of a sexual nature.”
happened at Facebook, but it that the success of the fund- Benje Douglas, the director • Colleges and universities would have greater discretion to
seems like they’re doing more raiser is the result of the com- of gender violence preven- use alternative mediation and resolution techniques. They will not
good than bad. You just don’t pany’s work. tion and education, noted
hear about it as much.” “We were the lightning that the draft released earlier be punished for providing “supportive measures” to victims who
For Dave, the success of the rod,” he said. “Not the thun- this month is not yet binding. choose not to file a formal complaint.
fundraiser goes beyond work derstorm.” Before federal regulations are • A representative for the accused would be a given the
officially finalized, the De-
partment of Education will opportunity to cross-examine the accuser in formal hearings.
field public comments for 60 • Colleges and universities have the option of using either the
days. “preponderance of evidence” standard, interpreted as 51 percent,
Done reading? In an email to the Bowdoin
community, President Clayton or the “clear and convincing evidence,” standard, often interpreted
as 75 percent. Previous guidelines had advised the “preponderance
Frame the Orient. Rose said that Douglas will
host an open session on Tues-
day to allow students and fac-
of evidence” standard.
• Colleges and universities’ jurisdiction in Title IX cases would
Or recycle it. ulty members to “discuss our
current Title IX policy” and only cover incidents that happened on campus or during a
raise concerns and questions school-sponsored program in the United States.
over the unclear implications
for many of the provisions in

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4 NEWS Friday, November 30, 2018

BALLOTS Party and the Abrams Cam-

paign, the AAAJ drove Kang
to the three counties where
track of these incidents. Kang she had found the most evi-
reached out to her contacts dence of fraud. Kang testified
on the Abrams campaign, and in front of politicians, report-
they charged her with doc- ers and protestors from the
umenting college students’ Tea Party.
difficulties submitting their “They all had their own
ballots. Kang and Xu took to posters, pieces of paper and
Facebook, posting the follow- stuff,” said Kang. “Their signs
ing status: said ‘Socialists are trying to
“If you were one of the GA steal your vote.’ Clearly, they
voters who had issues with hadn’t done their research.”
your absentee ballots, SEND Over the course of the day,
ME THE RECEIPTS ASAP. Kang travelled to Fulton,
Send me screenshots of call- DeKalb and Gwinnett Coun-
ing the registrar or board ties. Gwinnett County had
of elections. Or your emails the highest rate of rejected
showing that you contacted absentee ballots and was also
them. Or any proof of submis- where Kang had the most ev-
sion or contact after!” idence.
The pair’s online action re- “There were definitely el-
ceived over 80 shares, and they derly white men who were
collected over 40 cases involv- very dismissive,” Kang said.
ing students who had received “There was one man who
absentee ballots too close to called the whole absentee bal-
their voting deadline. Some lot thing a hiccup. I was like,
students had requested their ‘No, it’s a wakeup call.’”
absentee ballot as early as July, At one point, Kang received
and others had requested their a text from a Democratic Par-
ballot multiple times. ty staffer, telling her that a
“It was even more infuri- Republican operative was try-
ating to find out that my sit- ing to upend their case. Kang
uation was not an individual noticed a young man that fit
mistake but happened over 40 the text’s description.
times,” said Kang. “And that’s “He was this tall, young JUSTICE IN GEORGIA: After collecting evidence of voter suppression, Arah Kang ’19 flew to Georgia to testify about rejected absentee ballots.
not a coincidence. If your vote dude. He looked like a surf-
doesn’t matter, why would er. He honestly looked nice,” ticed that their car was being had to book it. It was crazy. Judge Steve Jones ruled that “[The experience] just
they try to suppress it?” said Kang. “But then I no- followed. Kang glanced back You know when someone’s all Georgia counties had to blew me away,” said Kang.
Because Kang gathered ticed that he was talking to and saw the operative from following you.” count any absentee ballots “At this point I shouldn’t be
such a large pool of evidence, all of the liberal people at the the courthouse behind them. Eventually, they lost him. that had been rejected on the surprised, with the politi-
the AAAJ decided to fly her courthouse.” “He was keeping an arm’s As a result of Kang’s efforts grounds of missing or incon- cal climate. But it’s like, the
down to Atlanta to present her Forty-five minutes later, length away,” Kang said. “He and those of others who tes- sistent birth date—one consis- moment you think things
findings in court. Working in while Kang was leaving the pulled out when we pulled out. tified with similar evidence tent disqualifying factor that couldn’t possibly get worse,
tandem with the Democratic courthouse, her driver no- We were swerving around; we around the state, U.S. District Kang’s evidence showed. here’s another surprise.”


mission of its kind to receive

governmental support.
According to Burns, this ed-
ucational goal has the potential
to change American society on a
fundamental level.
“Until we reckon with what
happened, with who we are as
a people that benefit from this
genocide, how even slavery was
facilitated by the process of col-
onization, we don’t know how
to repair, how to coexist,” Burns
said. “The degree of polarization
that we have in the country to-
day is directly related to that. The
way we are hurting the earth is
directly related to that … Those
things hurt people, and we don’t
have to live that way.”
Within Wabanaki commu-
nities, reception to the film
has been warm. Mazo believes
“Dawnland” will help validate
the experiences of individuals MINDY LEDER, THE BOWDOIN ORIENT
who have suffered as a result FACING HISTORY: Penthea Burns, co-director of the Maine-Wabanaki
of family separation policies in REACH Program, talks with students and community members on Thursday.
indigenous communities across
the country. learn more, ask more questions. in their state to advocate for the
“We’ve gone around the coun- The visibility is the first thing rights of indigenous people.
try showing the film and hearing that we can do,” Burns said. “If you like the film, if you’re
from native people all over the Bridget Hoke ’20 attended the moved by the film, call up you
place: ‘this is our story too. This “Dawnland” screening and was high school social studies teach-
is our community,’” he said. struck by the juxtaposition of er and tell them to check out the
“We’re emphasizing that this sto- footage of the Maine landscape film and share it with their stu-
ry of indigenous child separation and the stories of oppression and dents to make sure that everyone
is unfortunately universal.” abuse that film chronicled. in Maine and across the country
In addition to the afternoon “It really recontextualized the knows about this historical pro-
discussion and evening screen- landscape,” Hoke said. “I have a cess that happened,” Burns said.
ing, Mazo and Burns spoke to colonizer mindset about Maine Wabanaki translates roughly
Contemporary Issues of Native land as someone who moved to “people of the dawn,” refer-
North America, an Anthropolo- here.” ring to the fact that Maine, as the
gy class. Burns praised the class’s Though “Dawnland” is emo- easternmost land in the United
curiosity in the history of the tional and at times heavy, Burns States, is the first place the sun
TRC and the “informed” ques- and Mazo make a case for hope touches at daybreak. It is there-
tions posed by students. for the future of indigenous fore only natural that movement
“The more that [Wabanaki rights. They encouraged students for indigenous truth and resolu-
history] is made visible, the more to get involved by educating tion, like the breaking of the day,
that people are going to want to themselves and calling politicians will begin in Maine.
Friday, November 30, 2018 5
6 Friday, November 30, 2018


December Dance Concert DYNAMIC DECEMBER: Over 60 students will REUBEN SCHAFIR, THE BOWDOIN ORIENT
perform a large variety of compositions, from modern
dance to cultural choreography, dancing to iconic
tunes such as “Can You Feel It” by The Jacksons.

to showcase department’s
successful semester
choreography, especially in the individual voices.”
by Brianna Cunliffe duets that form the center of one Gwyneth Jones enjoys watch-
Orient Staff
of the pieces. ing the students grow into
A semester’s worth of work by “Some of the movement be- performance and leadership
Bowdoin dancers will come to longs to them, and we work with roles. Not just dancers, but also
life in Pickard Theater tonight. it, and they teach each other,” the people behind the curtain.
Six unique pieces will represent said Gwyneth Jones. “And then Lights and staging have been
nearly every dance class from some of the movement I’ve an integral part of bringing this
the department, as over 60 stu- made. But the dance would be performance to life, and staff
dents grace the stage at the De- different if there was another and student techs have been
cember Dance Concert. person instead of the dancer working hard since well before
Produced by Senior Lectur- there originally.” Thanksgiving.
er in Dance and Performance Dancers come to the stage “It’s terrific to see what
Gwyneth Jones and featuring with vastly different back- people thought they couldn’t
choreography by her, Assistant grounds, from first-time per- do and then realize that they
Professor of Dance Adanna formers in Gwyneth Jones’ In- can, that they are doing it, you
Jones and Assistant Professor of troduction to Modern Dance to know—and that takes a while
Dance Aretha Aoki, the annual Bowdoin’s first and thus far only to see that in yourself. It’s eas-
concert is the product of a dy- dance major, Lucia Gagliardone ier to see it when you’re on the
namic, growing department. ’20. But for students like Brooke outside,” Gwyneth Jones said.
Courses like Adanna Jones’ Wrubel ’21, the most remarkable “We think we don’t change, but
“Cultural Choreographies” bring end product is the community we do.”
together cultural histories and that has formed. Dance concerts always draw
movements, which will be show- “It truly does not matter how out the community, she added.
cased at the concert. At the same much dance experience some- “People bring their kids!”
time, repertoire focused courses, one has or hasn’t had—we are Gwyneth Jones said. “And I
such as “Advanced Repertory and all sharing the stage and dancing think, partially, it’s because the
Performance” taught by Gwyneth together,” she said. work is strong. But also because
Jones, have performance at their As part of the “Modern II: it’s free!”
epicenter. Repertory and Performance” “I think any time that you’re
Between four weekly hours of class, Wrubel has experienced exposed to any type of art, it
class and lengthy tech rehearsals, firsthand the collaborative, changes the way you look at
Gwyneth Jones says it’s always hands-on nature of the creation things and provokes conversa-
a privilege to watch the dances of these dances. tion,” she added. “I think that’s
take shape. She says the dances “Gwyneth Jones blended our just a win all the way around.”
are formed around the dancers phrases while also infusing her The December Dance Con-
themselves—their identity, per- own choreography,” said Wrubel. cert will be in Pickard Theater
sonality, quantity and capacity. “There’s something really power- at 7:30 p.m. tonight and Satur-
Jones designs around music, and ful about performing a piece that day night and at 2:00 p.m. on
students play an active role in is reflective of the five of us as Sunday.
Friday, November 30, 2018 ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT 7

‘In Stitches’ highlights rise of vernac comedy in South Africa

terested in how the comedy and Many South Africans
by Penelope Mack protests were interlinked.” doubted the success of vernac,
Orient Staff
A number of the comedians considering its viewership is
On Wednesday night, two in the film noted that, for both limited by language. Yet for
Bowdoin alumni returned to themselves and their audiences, many comedians, vernac is not
campus with a unique story comedy was an outlet for the an attempt to gain fame but
rooted in the language of hu- difficult emotions that accom- a chance to give back to their
mor as a tool for decoloniza- panied years of oppression and communities and participate in
tion and rewriting histories. political turmoil. decolonization efforts.
Hannah Rafkin ’17 and Meg After returning from their Apartheid schools taught
Robbins ’17 screened their semester abroad, Rafkin and black South Africans in their
documentary “In Stitches” and Robbins ached to go back to native languages and denied
answered questions from stu- South Africa. “We had been them access to English, a key
dents, faculty and community talking about how [we could] tool in politics, business and
members. get back to South Africa. We other professional careers.
“In Stitches” is the pair’s first want[ed] to do something “There’s a history of moth-
film. Both English majors at meaningful,” said Rafkin. er-tongues being this contra-
Bowdoin, Rafkin and Robbins As they began to formulate dictory thing of pride and cul-
directed and produced the doc- a project that would take them ture, but also something that
umentary that centers on three back, the pair enrolled in an has been used to keep [black
South African comics, whose independent study on comedy South Africans] down and
use of native South African lan- with Visiting Assistant Pro- from achieving success,” said
guages has set them apart from fessor of Anthropology April Robbins.
the country’s more commercial- Strickland and began conduct- Vernac reclaims the pride of
ly successful comedians who ing research that would lead to these mother-tongues through
perform exclusively in English. “In Stitches.” stories and jokes that audiences
South Africa has eleven offi- “We knew we were interest- find relatable.
cial languages, and 60 percent ed in comedy in South Africa, “That was one of the best
of its citizens do not under- [but] we didn’t have any spe- parts, watching it with South
stand English. From this need cific ideas,” said Robbins. “We African audiences and comics
arose the genre of vernacular talked to a bunch of comics ... and seeing them be like, ‘Yeah,
comedy, which encompasses all We asked them what the most that’s how I feel, that’s my story,
comedy performed in a South exciting thing was in the [com- I relate to that,’” said Rafkin.
African language other than edy] scene, and they were all For American audiences,
English. like, ‘Vernac is up and coming some jokes may not make sense
Rafkin and Robbins became and really something to watch due to cultural and linguistic
particularly interested in com- out for.’ We couldn’t find any- differences, but the filmmakers
edy while studying abroad in thing about it online.” want viewers to embrace that
Cape Town together. During After a process of discomfort.
their time abroad, protests crowd-funding, grant applica- “We want you to understand
over university fees and elitism tions and networking, Rafkin what it feels like to be totally in
erupted around them. The use and Robbins eventually spent the dark and see how you can
of comedy to cope with tragedy 10 months in South Africa still look for value in something
and heal pain was particularly attending comedy shows, in- you’re not being hand-held
fascinating to the pair. terviewing comedians and through,” Robbins said.
“When we were there, we learning about the social and Meg Robbins and Hannah
saw a lot of stand-up comedy,” political climate from which Rafkin are former members of SPECTACULAR VERNACULAR: In their new film, Hannah Rafkin ’17 and Meg Robbins ’17 shine light on how South
said Rafkin. “We were really in- vernac comedy emerged. the Bowdoin Orient. African comedians use native languages to challenge the legacy of Aparthied and claim agency.

West African Ensemble electrifies with eclectic beats

Distinct at Bowdoin in its music is the experience and notes on a page or learning singular parts come together, musicians.
by Esther Wang non-Western approach to mu- not necessarily the sound,” says to count the rhythm, students it creates something harmonic “[In many colleges,] you
Orient Staff
sic, the ensemble is directed Nick Cattaneo ’21, a drummer in the class first learn the and beautiful. don’t really see much of other
Hip-Hop, rhythm and by Adjunct Lecturer in Music in the class this semester. spoken version—singing and This process plays into oth- complex musics that are bal-
blues, jazz, reggae—many Jordan Benissan—a master Although some students talking—of what they will be er music fields. anced in other cultures, for
kinds of popular music have drummer of Ewe people of have previous experiences playing. Compared to Euro- “The lessons you learn can example in Africa, India or the
roots in Africa. Last night, the West Africa, esteemed for with drumming, most students centric academic traditions, be applied to a drummer in a Middle East,” said Benissan.
West African Music Ensemble complex cross-rhythms. The come into the class as novices. this approach challenges stu- band’s mentality. As a drum- More broadly, Benissan
brought to life the connection unique aspect of this ensemble This may seem intimidating dents to push their boundaries. mer, your job is to keep the wishes to give his students
between drumming, dancing lies in the method of learning at first, but Benissan’s method “The connection between time and to make the music the creative tools to preserve
and singing during their per- music via the truthful method of teaching allows students to hearing a part in my head and feel good and danceable. Your the legacy of traditional Afri-
formance “The Path and the of West African musicians. form deeper connections with hearing it actually played on job isn’t to play all of this crazy can music while also creating
River.” “Inherently, West African their instruments. the instrument isn’t so strong. stuff,” Cattaneo said. more modern and trans-
“If you want to learn to Learning how to sing every- In addition to the uncon- formed pieces.
understand and play, it’s like thing that I play makes that ventional method of learning “Music was developed out
[trying] to find your way into a connection much faster,” said music, the ensemble also expos- of the concept of breaking
relationship with somebody. It Cattaneo. es musicians to the important down a single perspective. In-
is hard to find your way at first, Instead of having one underlying cultural tradition. stead of playing music in one
but after you find your way in, drummer play a complex As an academic discipline, tra- time or one meter, [musicians]
you still have to work hard or it rhythm, each of the 10 drum- ditional West African music is came up with a mathematical
will fail,” Benissan said. mers learns to play an indi- often pushed aside as colleges equation to redevelop music
Instead of the traditional vidual part that is relatively focus on genres such as classical to be played in multiple time
Western methods of reading simple. However, once all the music developed by European and several meters,” he said.


MAKING NOISE: Led by Adjunct Lecturer in Music Jordan Benissan, the West African Music Ensemble champions a non-Western perspective.
8 Friday, November 30, 2018



OCEANS OF OYSTERS: Since the land was generously gifted to the College by Richard Sanborn ’40, Merritt Island has been a destination for many stu-
dents, most often as a result of Bowdoin Outing Club trips. However, Jordi St. John (right) saw potential beyond just visiting, he wanted to start an Oyster farm.

The future of food in Bowdoin’s backyard

“There are really two main years. creasingly habitable climate
by Surya Milner oyster meccas, if you will,” St. “There’s a large demand for the shellfish.
Orient Staff
John said. Number one: the for the Maine oyster, mostly Afloat in the early morning
Oysters need time, move- Damariscotta River, a thirty because there hasn’t been that waves, St. John lifts a couple
ment and a little TLC, says minute drive north, where the much production of them. large bags into the boat, shakes
Jordi St. John. Otherwise, their water boasts a perfect combi- And I think people realize that them around and scrubs the
speckled shells clench up, con- nation of salinity, temperature Maine has pretty good clean algae growth and oyster waste
geal, lose the space they need and movement. “They’re pretty water,” said St. John. out of the plastic holes. If he
to make a home. Carrying a well known as the oyster hub,” Because the small bivalves doesn’t perform this simple
brush and a sure grin, he runs said St. John. But the tides are can filter up to 50 gallons of step—which he aims to do
fine bristles along the plastic turning in the New Meadows water per day—as a natural once a week—the oysters are
bags where shellfish grow,
brushing specks of algae that
River, where the number of
oyster growers has more than
byproduct of their feeding on
various phytoplankton—oys-
likely to grow together, some-
thing their species is wont to
“You can sell a full grown oyster
fall into the waves surrounding doubled in the past three years. ter farming is lauded as envi- do. for anywhere from 70 cents to a
Merritt Island.
St. John is an oyster farmer
“My thought is, it’s not
crazy expensive to get into,
ronmentally friendly, too.
Aquaculture farming is a
These he will lug to Port-
land the next day for consump-
on the New Meadows River, the overhead is not too bad,” practice that’s taken off in tion at the Maine Oyster Com- – Jordi St. John
a 12-mile long tidal stretch at he said. “And the payback is recent years, according to Di- pany. Then, in about a week’s
the northern end of Casco Bay. pretty good—you can sell a rector of the Schiller Coastal time, he will motor back to the oyster bar for consumption by Maine coast.
Though his farm is buoyant, full grown oyster for anywhere Studies Center David Carlon. island, flip over the remaining those who appreciate the salty, In order to jumpstart his
existing only within a floating from 70 cents to a dollar.” As “The future of the ocean is cages bobbing along the shore sweet finish of a Maine-grown operation, St. John had to no-
five-foot radius of the rocky baby seeds—St. John refers to that all the fisheries are going and wait until they sink to the oyster. St. John will purchase tify the landowner—riparian
tree-lined shores, he consid- them as spat—the oysters go extinct—it’s not that the spe- ocean floor. more seeds from the hatch- land owner, in official jar-
ers Merritt Island—a 28-acre to growers for about five cents. cies are going instinct—it’s These oysters, a sort of ery and continue his ritual of gon—closest to his set-up. Just
enclave owned by Bowdoin— He notes that raw oysters have the fisheries,” Carlon said. transplant species called Cras- growing oysters, day by day. off the shores of Merritt Island,
home base. garnered an appeal in recent “So people need to get used sostrea virginica, clam up Bowdoin has owned Mer- he contacted Bowdoin in order
to it now, because that is the when the water dips below ritt Island since the late 1990s, to obtain a Limited Purpose
future.” ten degrees celsius, making it when Richard Sanborn ’40 Aquaculture License.
Though oysters are not na- virtually impossible for them gifted the 28-acre retreat to According to Director of
tive to the state—waters are to do anything other than em- the College for the use of the the Outing Club Mike Wood-
much too frigid—they do well brace their vegetative state be- Outing Club (BOC). These ruff, oyster farming around
here because of Maine’s miles low the ice and bide their time days, Merritt Island is the Merritt Island is a low-impact,
of uninterrupted and pristine until summer shows its face. site of orientation trips, BOC efficient way to utilize the re-
seaway. And as climate change When they do see the light overnights, affinity group source as the island becomes
quickens its pace, said Carlon, of day, they will be scrubbed, adventures and many stu- more of a student destination.
warmer waters ensure an in- culled and sent off to a raw dents’ first introduction to the “I think we’re in fact going
to see more and more use of
Merritt Island because of its
proximity to campus and be-
cause students are seemingly
excited to do local outing
trips,” he said. “They’re very
low-barrier to entry trips.”
But Bowdoin students visit-
ing the island will have to wait
until spring to get a glimpse
of the floating farm. The
week before Thanksgiving, St.
John put his farm to bed for
the winter unscrewing each
pontoon, flipping it and then
observing the slow drift to the
ocean floor.
“And then they’ll sit on the
bottom all winter and I won’t
touch them. Because there’s
not much that they can do
right now,” he said. “They’re
not growing.”
Friday, November 30, 2018 FEATURES 9

Historic house
fosters new writing
hopes that in future years other
by Lucas Weitzenberg students and writing groups
Orient Staff
will begin to utilize the space
There is no single leader of for their own programs and
the Stowe Writers House, a new projects.
writing collective on Bowdoin’s The Stowe Writer’s House
campus. It is a purely collabora- Instagram account describes
tive space, devoid of hierarchy, the group as non-academic and
deadlines and judgement. non-judgmental.
Loosely modelled off of “I think that it’s hard to
the Kelly Writers House at do creative writing on this
the University of Pennsylva- campus in a place that isn’t
nia, the Stowe Writers House where you’re also doing work
group was conceived last year or learning in some way or in
through a collaboration be- the library or in Smith [Union] REUBEN SCHAFIR, THE BOWDOIN ORIENT
tween students and Professor or in your dorm,” said Weed. CREATIVE COLLECTIVE: Students, like Aida Muratoglu ’21 (above), work in the
of Africana Studies and En- “This is a problem for a lot same space where Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote parts of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.”
glish Tess Chakkalakal. The of the people that we’ve been
choice of this space is import- working with, who say they students share is entirely up to To ensure the collective’s
ant to both Chakkalakal and can’t write creatively in these them. The goal of these hours, longevity, these students are
the students involved, as it is places.” explained Weed, is to block out currently drafting a sustainable
the same residence in which it’s She went on to describe how a chunk of time from students’ leadership model that will es-
namesake, the famous aboli- writing can be a fantastic way to busy schedules to come, write tablish quotas for members of
tionist, Harriet Beecher Stowe, destress from academic and ex- and collaborate with fellow each grade to fill positions that
is said to have composed parts tracurricular experiences and writers. Additionally, the group will later become necessary. On
of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.” how the nonjudgmental aspect has hosted a day-long retreat top of this, the group will con-
Aida Muratoglu ’21, Franny of the group makes the Stowe and is holding a storytelling tinue to work with faculty ad-
Weed ’21, Aisha Rickford ’20 Writer’s House a place where hour this Saturday at 7:30 p.m. visors who oversee larger-scale
and Bridget Hoke ’20 took over students can come to get shelter “We hope that the house be- programming. They currently
the project this fall. from the stresses of academic comes a home for other writers’ meet informally with Chakka-
“All of us found ourselves judgment. groups on campus, such as the lakal and Director of Writing
frustrated that there isn’t a “It can be really positive to Poetry Society or the Quill,” and Rhetoric Meredith McCar-
space for students to come to- create something that isn’t be- said Muratoglu. roll for these larger scale proj-
gether and be writers on cam- ing criticized by other people,” Muratoglu added that she ects. They are also sponsored
pus,” said Muratoglu. Weed said. hopes that having this collabo- by the Writing and Rhetoric
But, the four clarified, they The group currently hosts rative writing space on campus Program.
don’t want to be thought of as open writing hours on Wednes- will encourage more writing “Everyone is a writer, and
the leaders of the group. The days from 7 to 8 p.m .and Fri- groups to form. Weed, too, writing should never be a sol-
house is a safe space where days from 5 to 6 p.m. Wednes- emphasized how vital it is that itary activity,” said Muratoglu.
those interested in creative days are a free writing period, the collective remains connect- “Regardless of writing ability
writing can go to write and col- while on Fridays writers are ed to many writing groups, so or level of interest in creative
laborate. They are simply initi- given a prompt. The group then that the nonjudgmental group writing, the Stowe Writers
ating the house’s writing-based workshops these pieces togeth- mentality of the Stowe Writers House will welcome everyone,
programming this year with the er, though the degree to which House remains intact. free of judgment.”

Shivering through all the Northern Lights we did not see

Postcards the question remains: why spend has something to do with electri- layers of pants, shirts and socks. will live with the disastrous conse- setting it down in its new location.
by Sasa the dwindling hours of your time cal currents, but the ringing in the But I was attracted to the prospect quences of another generation’s ac- It was quite crazy and kind of fun-
Jovanovic abroad like this? air—it was like a thousand bells or of getting to know a true Lap- tions. He responded by mirroring ny to see.”
“The lights sing, and the colors a choir of children.” plander. my question back to me. Sebastian, at this point, had
The passengers who undertake dance.” Cecilia is the founder and own- “Is this weather normal for this Cecilia continued. “But it finished cooking and joined the
the 15-hour train ride from Stock- The wind delivers Cecilia’s er of Stejk, along with her husband time of the year in Kiruna?” makes the moving process easier, conversation.
holm to Kiruna are of a particular whisper with a chill to our ears. Sebastian. She is a child of the “Not at all.” Cecilia glanced at so there is a positive associated “And where are you three
breed—what could possibly fuel Tyrah, Sofie and I found ourselves North, having lived in Kiruna for Sebastian, who was shaking his with the delayed snow, I suppose.” from?” he asked.
a desire to reach the northern in front of a food truck, parked most of her life. A descendent of head while preparing meat on the “You’re moving?” “Boston, Massachusetts.”
Swedish frontiers? This endless outside of a gas station and quick- Russians, Norwegians and Swedes, stove in the food truck. “We hav- “Not me! Or at least, not yet. “Little Canada, Minnesota.”
expanse of wintry emptiness, save ie market in Kiruna. Next to the she finds comfort in the cold. Her en’t had a heavy snowfall yet this The town! Haven’t you heard? “New York City.”
for the sparse scatter of birch trees food truck sat a teepee (frightful- speech was animated like a child’s year, and we’re in the Arctic Cir- The whole town is moving six “Oh! My sister visited New
that dot the flat horizon every now ly out of place amongst the gas or perhaps imbued with the lively cle. This,” she waved at the frozen kilometers to the east. Uprooting York City once. I remember her
and then? A land in which the sun, pumps and slushee ads) in which desperation of someone who was but deadened ground, “is insane. and moving! Yes, because of the calling me, ‘Cecilia! I bought so
an orange halo, just peeks above customers could enjoy their rein- unsure of their next source of con- This past summer was one of the mine. Most of the people in Kiru- much makeup! It is so cheap here!’
the iron-ore mine that powers the deer subs in the culturally appro- versation. Her features lacked sub- warmest on record.” na are employed by the mine, but But she was counting in Swedish
town, teasing the people below priated comfort of an open flame. tlety: translucent skin contrasted Just that morning, in the lobby it is growing past its size. It has krona, instead of dollars! She had
with six feeble hours of light per Stejk Street Food has consistently dramatically with her red hair, and of our hostel, an American father started digging underneath the bought $7,000 worth of makeup!”
day? been ranked first in Kiruna for sapphire eyes shone like jewels. was reading the 2018 climate town—underneath us right now, “Is it true that they walk like
For the journey itself lacks any their reindeer subs, according to Her expression crinkled like paper change report to his son, a toddler. in fact, thousands of feet below. this,” Sebastian put his head down,
romanticism. An overnight train, TripAdvisor. Tyrah noted that she with every slight gesticulation, The boy exhibited as much interest All of these buildings over here are brought his shoulders to his ears
whose fluorescent cabin lights fail felt like a warrior after eating the betraying her illusion of youth, as expected for someone his age, going to be moved, and there is a and hands in his pockets, “in New
to dim at any point during the meat, suggesting the establish- revealing her middle age. instead entertaining himself with new stadshuset—city hall—being York City?” He meant to ask if it
voyage, cannot possibly provide ment is deserving of this number Unlike Cecilia, we were shiv- his father’s beard. I asked the father built.” was unsafe.
shelter to a wandering mind. Lest one ranking. ering in front of the truck as she if it was depressing to read the re- Later I would find out that the Tyrah laughed. “In some parts
you hope to exchange the soli- “The Northern Lights. Grow- spoke, despite wearing two port to someone who Kiruna mine is Europe’s largest of the city, yes, but if you’re smart
tary promise of a dream-induced ing up in Kiruna, I’ve seen them underground iron-ore mine. and pay attention you’ll be fine.”
escape for, perhaps, comradery countless times, and they never “Isn’t that sad? Aren’t people At this point, we had been
amongst your fellow travelers, fail to take my breath away. There sad to be leaving their homes?” standing idle outside for 20 min-
“vandrare” as the Swedes would was this one time … I was a teen- “It’s mixed. Some people are utes, and the feeling in our toes
say, you would be mistaken. Your ager, ice-fishing with my dad. sad, and others see it as the was beginning to go. We thanked
cabin is a hodgepodge of charac- We had found an isolated price you pay for having our new friends for the conversa-
ters—a horde of middle-school spot at a nearby lake a job at the mine. Just tion and left.
girls sprawled across the aisles, with a big opening the other day, they That night we found ourselves
buzzing with the pings, rings and to the sky … Green moved the home searching the sky for the aurora
dings of their iPhones, while a and blue lit up of the founder of borealis to disrupt the blackness.
German shepherd and a Rottwei- the darkness for Kiruna—tore it It escaped us that night, but we
ler grumble at each other from hours and hours out of its foun- plan to try again. We agreed to re-
their respective cages. You settle that night. But dation and put convene in five years in a different
to pass the time with a collection even more than it on a truck! arctic location and look to the sky.
of modern, cinematic classics: that—the light Paraded it We also floated the idea of naming
“Brother Bear,” “The Polar Ex- sang. Later, I’ll around the one of our children Kiruna—this
press” and “Home Alone.” But find out that it PHOEBE NICHOLS streets before is still up for debate.
10 FEATURES Friday, November 30, 2018

Talk of the Quad

noon seminar at the diagonal the lingering dampness that Skidding along at 15 miles keeping my hair dry. A rush of am greeted by the reverberat-
HAVE YOU NOTICED IT downpour, I realized that my my soaked bike seat will in- per hour, I crane my head adrenaline bursts through my ing chatter of 89 other people
view from that window had evitably transfer to my pants? against the waterproof hood veins as the clock strikes 8:29 finding their seats, their neon
Oftentimes, I forget things. never been unobstructed by If it is a morning when my that eliminates my peripheral a.m. Despite the intensity of raincoats sprawled in exhaus-
I forget my OneCard, my lab precipitation. Now, the asso- environmental studies note- vision before crossing Maine the situation, the hilarity that tion over the backs of their
notebook or I forget about the ciation between Tuesdays and book is going to get soiled by Street. I must brake well in my bike ride is punctuated chairs. The professor’s voice
banana that I put in my back- rain is further cemented into that banana in my backpack, advance, because the Tuesday by the same Tuesday puddles thunders over the sea of stu-
pack a week ago. But I never my memory by the emotional it is, because the least I could rains have altered the physiol- that collect in the outer banks dents to call the class to order
forget to put on my raincoat strain of the decision that I do for my dignity is be on ogy of my bike; its parts have of the street typically keeps as my backpack thuds to the
on Tuesdays. must make every Tuesday at time. rusted from routine exposure me from cursing the rain for floor, and I breathe a sigh of
It’s an instinct, a Pavlovian 8:27 a.m.: is being on time to Regardless, most Tuesday to the elements. impeding my efforts to make relief.
response to slipping my envi- my 8:30 a.m. lecture worth mornings, I mount my bike. Eventually, a sympathetic it to class. I sink into my seat, pants
ronmental studies notebook driver hydroplanes to a stop I swerve between cars and saturated with rain, and I scan
into my backpack on Tuesday so I can continue my jour- pedestrians, then through the heads in front of me, spot-
mornings. Because for the ney. I make a slight left the mass of students in rain- ting the students whose hair
past two months, without fail, turn to veer onto Long- coats that rival the hues of drips like mine. I can usually
I affirm that it has precipitat- fellow Avenue. Hood the fall foliage as I near the tell that these students, the
ed every Tuesday. blown back by the Roux Center. The marching ones who bear the most strik-
I noticed the peculiar wind, I give up on students uniformly bow their ing resemblance to wet dogs,
phenomenon six weeks into heads against the rain, arms must have biked to class as
the semester. Gazing out the squeezed against their bodies well.
window of my Tuesday after- and hands hidden in their Except for the Tuesday that
pockets. I conclude that they my morning rush caused me
must not realize that it al- to mistakenly believe that I
ways rains on Tuesdays, had hard boiled the egg that
because if they did, the I attempted to eat in class (it
sidewalks of Long- exploded on me), I perceive
fellow Avenue would the rains as a unique blessing
surely be teeming and good omen. I see them
with chatter and cel- as a wink from the Universe,
ebration at the pecu- encouraging me to hunker
liarity of the pattern down indoors and appreci-
rather than with so- ate the shelter, community,
lemnity and the anx- sustenance and opportunities
iety that accompanies to which I have access here at
the 8:30 a.m. rush. Bowdoin.
Preemptively Last week, the Tuesday
squeezing the brakes rain was a Tuesday snow. This
and dismounting week was icy rain. Though the
simultaneously, I seasons are changing, the pre-
scramble the com- cipitation pattern persists. I
bination on my bike throw a wink back to the Uni-
lock and bound up verse for gifting Brunswick
LILY ANNA FULLAM two stairs at a time with this funky meteorologi-
to the second floor. cal treat.
I step through the Dalia Tabachnik is a mem-
classroom door and ber of the Class of 2021.

Airport and left on my 48- I wanted was to call my mom Maine, my true home by Home is my happy place. It fortable. Whether it be the
DOWN UNDER: A HOME hour voyage to New Zealand and ask her to come up for definition, five months later, is the things, the places and Southern Alps of New Zea-
AWAY FROM HOME with tears in my eyes as I said dinner. Instead, I slumped into I now understand home is a the people that have brought land or our little cottage in
I’ve always been a home- goodbye to my family. my brown sheets and for the lot of things. Home isn’t just a me true elation. Home keeps Falmouth, home to me now
body. I grew up in Falmouth, It felt weird. Unpacking, first time in my college career, physical place where my fam- me grounded and sane. Home extends its boundaries to
Maine and coincidentally that is. I lugged my suitcases I was truly homesick. ily and I reside. Home isn’t makes me feel safe and com- many different places and
decided to go to school just down the stairs of my new My feelings started to just the ability for family to people throughout the world.
thirty minutes up the road in home in Dunedin and ripped change when three other come up to school on the Hannah Donovan is
Brunswick. To some folks, my open my bags that were burst- friends and I purchased a weekends. Home is a member of the
college decision seemed crazy. ing at the seams. Something 1998 Toyota Caldina. This so much more Class of 2020.
Why go to school so close? about taking my belongings car allowed us freedom to than that.
Don’t you want to get out of out of my suitcase and putting explore. No longer were we
there? To answer these ques- them in these new spaces felt stuck in the boundaries of
tions, I’ve always ended up wrong. When I moved into Dunedin. We went from the
giving some long-winded ex- Bowdoin the process was a East Coast to the West Coast,
planation about how I’ve man- celebration. Bowdoin wel- studying the differing, yet
aged to make Bowdoin feel as comes all its first years with magnificent landscapes. We
far away or close to home as open arms and excitement. camped in caves where little
I’ve wanted. But in reality, I That was the only move-in blue penguins lived, on the
just love Maine, my town and I knew. For the first time, I shores of glacial lakes and
my family—it wasn’t a place I found myself entirely on my in huts overlooking the
wanted to leave just yet. own—there was no “meet the Southern Alps. Along
With the whirlwind of parents” or orientation trip to these many adventures
schoolwork, club activities look forward to. we met a host of new
and social events at Bowdoin, I lived in an apartment, people—fire spinners,
I hardly ever take the 30-min- which natives to the island retired grandparents
ute drive to Falmouth. But the (known as kiwis) call a flat, who enjoy hiking and
ability to go home, or have my where I had my own room silly ski patrol staff
parents and sister come up has with a full-sized bed. I shared members.
always been readily accessible. the flat with three other stu- With each excursion
Unlike most college students, dents, one of whom was a kiwi we set out on, I began
I have had the privilege of in graduate school. My bed laying my roots in these
rarely feeling homesick—and sheets were brown and my car- unique places and ex-
until I travelled abroad I pet was a burnt, unsettling red, periences. Home was no
didn’t understand how fortu- much like the couches first longer defined by a familiar
nate I am. years at Bowdoin have in their and comfortable living space,
This past July, the security dorms. Not only was the decor but instead by the people with
and comfort I had consistent- cold and uninviting, but I also whom I was sharing these new
ly felt at Bowdoin and in Fal- hadn’t brought anything to put and exciting trips. The dis-
mouth were taken from me. on my walls—my suitcases comfort of my flat faded into
I embarked on a five month were filled to the brim and the the background as it became
journey to the South Island of astronomical fees associated a place I used for sleeping and
New Zealand for a semester with travelling abroad made storing my belongings—noth- SYDNEY REAPER
abroad. On June 28, I checked space and weight precious. I ing more.
my bags at Boston Logan felt uneasy. In that moment, all Having arrived back in
Friday, November 30, 2018 11
12 Friday, November 30, 2018

HIGHLIGHT Men’s basketball looks to improve defensive strategy
by Benjamin Mason
Moctar Niang ’19 was With five games under its belt
named an All-American by (2-3), the men’s basketball team
the United Soccer Coaches is in full swing with high expec-
this week. He ends his tations for the season. Coming
college career with a First off a 83-70 loss against Colby (5-
Team All-New England 1) yesterday, the team will face
selection and his third Pine Manor (1-6) on Saturday in
Morell Gym at 1 p.m.
First Team All-NESCAC
“We are guardedly optimis-
selection. In addition, Julia tic about this season,” said Head
Patterson ’19, Morgen Coach Tim Gilbride.
Gallagher ’20, Drake Byrd Gilbride acknowledged that
’21 and Matty McColl ’19 the NESCAC is a competitive
also earned All-Region conference, but he has faith in
awards. Patterson has been his team.
named to the First-Team “We’re just going to take
All-NESCAC three things one game at a time, but
I think we are capable of com-
times, while Gallagher was
peting with the top teams in our
Rookie of the Year in 2016. conference,” said Gilbride. “So
Byrd and McColl both that’s certainly going to be our
left their mark by scoring goal—to try to win it.”
game-winning goals in key The team’s dynamic is a key
matches. component to meeting these
TOP OF THE CLASS: “We have a nice balance H-O-R-S-E: Zavier Rucker ’21 leaps over a Colby opponent in the team’s home opener on Thursday. The Polar Bears lost 83-70, bringing their record to 2-5.
This week, 82 Bowdoin of guys that are coming back
that are experienced and some In their wins, the Polar Bears for other teams to score and conference games in the second petitive, it usually sends mul-
student-athletes were
newcomer players that we have averaged a stellar 102 whether we can take away what semester. While these games are tiple teams to the NCAA tour-
recognized with NESCAC think can contribute as well,” points per game. they like to do best [dictates non-conference, they are still nament.
All-Academic and All- Gilbride said. “We’re a good offensive our success].” important to the team’s success. “There is an automatic bid
Sportsmanship honors. He also noted particularly team, and shoot the ball well However, the team has Even if Bowdoin does not for the conference winner for
All-Academic honorees strong play by Zavier Rucker when we’re executing,” said showed promise due to a new finish the season as the Men’s the NCAA tournament, and
must have reached ’21, the starting point guard, Gilbride. “We’re very unselfish; defensive strategy. The team Basketball NESCAC cham- usually our conference gets
sophomore standing and and Sam Grad ’21, one of the it’s always a team effort and plans to mix up its defensive pions, there is still a hope for three or four and, sometimes,
maintained a GPA of at team’s forwards. guys move the ball to find bet- schemes, switching between them to get the prized bid to the even five [bids],” said Gilbride.
least 3.5. All-Sportsmanship After a 2-2 start to the sea- ter shooters, to get them a lot of man-to-man coverage and zone NCAA DIII tournament. But it The NESCAC league consists
son, including wins against shots when they can. So that’s coverage in hopes of keeping all comes down to non-confer- of 11 teams, and the top eight
recipients are commended
Worcester State (3-4) and the when we are at our best—on opponents off balance. ence games. teams proceed to playoffs at the
for the respect they University of New England (1- the offensive end.” The team is currently in the “You want to have a good year’s end. So, as long as Bow-
show their team, coaches 5) and losses to Albertus Mag- At the same time, Bowdoin middle of its non-conference overall record, strength of doin is able to maintain a spot
and opponents. Three nus (5-2) and Babson (4-2), the has run into some difficulties. schedule, which consists a to- schedule and all that kind of in the first eight spots in the
students, Connor Rockett team has learned its strengths “Defense is the biggest chal- tal of 14 games that take place stuff to help you get a bid,” said conference, it will have a chance
’19, Anna Barnes ’20 and and the aspects of the game that lenge for us. Whether we can throughout the first semester, Gilbride. at achieving its goal of finishing
Johna Cook ’19 received it needs to address. consistently make it difficult and will be mixed in with the 10 Since the NESCAC is com- at the top.
both All-Academic and
All-Sportsmanship awards.
Rockett and Barnes run
cross country, and Cook is
on the field hockey team. Head football coach leaves College with 3-31 record
have in the program.” love Coach Wells for every-
NO.1 ON THE COURT: Two by Ian Ward Wells was midway through thing he’s done for us,” said
Orient Staff
NCAA DIII polls ranked the fourth year of his five- Roshaun Christopher ’22.
women’s basketball (4-0, J.B. Wells will not return year contract, which extends “Even though the wins may
0-0 NESCAC) first in as head coach of the football through the end of the 2020 not be there, who he is as a
the nation. After losing to team, the College announced academic year. Although his person—we’ll never forget
in a November 15 press release. oversight of football opera- that.”
Amherst in the NCAA DIII
Wells, who led the Polar Bears tions has ceased, he will be However, players under-
championship last winter, to a 1-8 record in his fourth compensated for the remain- stand that, at the end of the
the Polar Bears started season as head coach, will fin- der of his contract period. day, business is business, and
their 2018-19 season ranked ish his career with an overall Of the team’s seven assis- the program is looking for
second. Undefeated thus record of 3-31, having led the tant coaches, five will remain wins.
far, the team rose to the top team through the longest losing on staff, while two may be re- “You look back at the re-
spot after Amherst (3-1, 0-0 streak in program history of 24 placed at the new head coach’s cord, and it’s 3-31 over four
NESCAC) lost to Eastern games between November of discretion. Ryan declined to years. That speaks for itself,”
Connecticut. 2015 and November of 2018. specify further which coaches said Gowetski. “Wells took all
Wells’ four years with the this arrangement affects. the right steps except for get-
team will mark the shortest Despite the team’s poor ting wins in the wins column.”
HATS OFF TO YOU: Albert tenure of any head football performance during Wells’ Wells’ dismissal leaves the
Washco ’22 led the men’s coach since Peter Kostaco- tenure, his dismissal caught team in a temporary period of
hockey team (2-3) last poulos’ three-year run be- players off guard. limbo until the College names
Sunday in a game against tween 1965 and 1967. Bow- “Everyone was a little a replacement, which it aims
SUNY Potsdam (5-4). doin’s last three head coaches surprised,” said Captain Joe to do by mid-January, barring
Although the Polar Bears served respectively 15, 16 and Gowetski ’20. “I was definitely logistical setbacks. The Col-
lost 6-4, Washco scored the 16 seasons. expecting one more year, just lege has retained the services
first hat trick of his college According to the Ashmead the way I was talking with the of the Atlanta-based Parker
White Director of Athletics coaches after the season. No Executive Search to oversee
career. The team heads
Tim Ryan, the team’s poor re- one really seemed like they the search process.
to Colby tomorrow for its cord under Wells’ leadership were on their way out, least of Regardless of personnel COURTESY OF BRIAN BEARD
first confrontation with its necessitated a change. all Wells.” changes, the new head coach PASSING ON THE PLAYBOOK: Head Football Coach J.B. Wells on the side-
long-time rival. Colby will “We made some progress Moreover, after a rocky will have to surmount many lines. Last week, the College announced Wells will not be returning for next season.
then travel to Brunswick to with J.B. as our head coach, transition following Coach of the same barriers that
face the Polar Bears once but we just haven’t seen quite Dave Caputi’s departure in stood between Wells’ staff and face the additional challenge is going about business as
again in Watson Arena on as much progress as we would 2014, Wells had come to earn success, including an unfa- of ingratiating themself with usual, having begun its typ-
January 26. have liked to have seen after the respect and admiration of vorable recruiting landscape, four recruiting-classes’ worth ical off-season strength and
four years,” said Ryan. “Un- much of the team, especially a lengthy history of gridiron of players who they did not conditioning program. As
COMPILED BY KATHRYN MCGINNIS fortunately, we just hadn’t had its younger players. struggles and an alumni base recruit. Gowetski concluded, “Same
the success that we aspire to “All the guys on the team itching for success. They will In the meantime, the team game, new coach.”
Friday, November 30, 2018 SPORTS 13


ICE, ICE, BABY: (LEFT): Katie Leininger ’20 skates past Colby opponents.
(RIGHT): Marissa O’Neil talks strategy with the team during a timeout.

Women’s hockey hopes to end losing streak after consecutive shut-outs

Boston. But the Polar Bears are against Endicott College (3-2- “freshman, you’re a bundle of The seniors have an unspo- disallowed goals (instances
by Ayub Tahlil known as “grinders,” according 2). According to captain Ma- nerves,” and the players need ken role, but one that is taken in which the referee did not
Orient Staff
to senior Maegan Sheehan, so rissa Fichter ’19, the team faced to gain confidence in them- seriously. While ensuring ev- see the puck cross the line)
After ending the last two a tough start to the season will similar obstacles last season, selves and their team. eryone does what they are sup- kept the team from victory. In
seasons with losses to Mid- not change their goals. but was able to “open the flood- It is often a hard transition posed to do is the captains’ job, professional hockey, there are
dlebury in the semifinals of “It has been a bit of a chal- gates” with just one win. “It’s a for first years to come from making sure everyone is ma- cameras which allow the ref-
the NESCAC tournament last lenge and struggle early on wave to [the] championships,” being the best players on their turing falls to the seniors who erees to rewatch the potential
year, the women’s ice hockey in the season,” said Sheehan. said Fichter. high school teams to being a must set a precedent of strong goal, but collegiate hockey is
team (0-4, 0-2 NESCAC) is “[But] we are playing pretty The team has tried to main- role-player at Bowdoin. This work ethics and discipline. not yet that tech-savvy.
set its sights on the NESCAC well and building off of each tain a positive mentality, to can make new players doubt “Hard work and heart are What the team learned from
championship this season. The game, so we’ve been making look at the benefits of each themselves and their abilities, two things we really care that game was to be clear and
team has had a disappointing progress. That’s always a good game. With a heavy base of according to Sheehan and about,” said Sheehan. clean while playing, leaving
start, suffering two back-to- sign. [We’re] just trying to put first-year players—25 per- Fichter. With the help of the With regular practices and little room for referees to ques-
back losses to Colby (2-0, 2-0 the puck in the net.” cent of the team is playing in upperclassmen to guide them, team bonding, the Polar Bears’ tion future goals. The Polar
NESCAC) and another two Tonight, the Polar Bears their first collegiate games— though, they can fulfill the po- immediate goal is to improve Bears will hit the ice against
at the Codfish Bowl against hope to break their four-game there is a predictable learning tential that the scouts saw in from the 2-0 loss against Endicott tonight at 7 p.m. in
Manhattanville and UMass losing streak in a matchup curve. Fichter said that as a their high school games. UMass Boston (4-5-1). Three Watson Arena.

Men’s and women’s squash teams kick off the season together
upcoming season. The women,
by Sophie Friedman led by Natasha Belsky ’19, has a
Orient Staff
notably young roster with only six
Sitting in the Lubin Family upperclassmen out of 13 players.
Squash Center, you can hear the Having lost five players from last
pop of a squash ball hitting the year, this year’s main focus is de-
wall and the sharp turn of sneak- veloping the skills of newcomers.
er on wood. The glass spans the “We are lucky to have a lot of
room, encasing the seven squash freshmen and a lot of freshman
courts on which the Bowdoin beginners,” Fortson said. “With
men’s and women’s teams both the women’s team traditionally,
practice. we’ve invited athletes who’ve nev-
While Head Coach Tomas er played before. And within a
Fortson has been coaching at year or so they can become good
Bowdoin for 18 years, the wom- enough to compete.”
en’s tennis coach Paul Holbach, Unlike many varsity sports,
known as Hobie to his players, both the men’s and women’s
joined the squash team as an as- squash teams not only welcome
sistant coach only two years ago. but depend on walk-on players.
Although he maintains that his Players possess a range of skills
tennis skills don’t transfer per- and experience: a handful are
fectly, he’s still able to assist with recruited, some played in high
strategy and mental game. school and a few had never played
The men’s and women’s teams squash before arriving at Bowdo-
practice separately, but travel to in. Both the coaches and experi-
matches together, developing a enced players support newcom-
sense of camaraderie. Both teams ers, bringing them up to speed.
have approached their pre-sea- Fortson believes in “apply- MINDY LEDER, THE BOWDOIN ORIENT
son training with a strong work ing the same standards” to all RICOCHET: Lex Horwitz ’19 rallies on the squash court. Both the men’s and women’s team began their seasons on Wednesday, falling to Bates 8-1 and 9-0 respectively.
ethic and motivation, occasion- players, offering lots of technical
ally shedding their characteristic skill support at the beginning ter and working on the things has four experienced freshman Tomorrow, the team will take And that was because they sat
seriousness for goofy costumes of the season. Jeannie Davis ’20 I needed to improve on,” she who Captain Satya Butler ’19 on Trinity, renowned not only some people,” said Fortson.
when they come together for joint said that the more experienced said. “And I think this year that’s thinks will “make an immediate within the squash world, but Fortson, who began playing
“High Tin” practices. On these players tend to teach their new going to be a really important impact.” in the world of College sports in Mexico, says there are excel-
special occasions, players attempt teammates about the “etiquette mentality for all of us.” Going into this season, Butler at large. The Bantam’s boast the lent squash players in England,
to compete dressed as bananas, of squash—the sportsmanship Last year, the women’s team is hopeful about the team’s sched- longest consecutive winning Egypt, Australia, Pakistan, In-
Christmas trees or whatever else and the attitude.” made the finals in the Epps ule and is itching to beat Colby. streak in all college sports. dia, and other parts of Europe
they wish. However, as the sea- Davis, who began playing division. With some of that “We are certainly looking for- About half of Trinity’s players and South America. Many of
son began for both teams with a squash as a first year, believes momentum and with the support ward to playing Colby because are international, while Bowdo- these players hope to play in
loss against Bates on Wednesday, this supportive aspect is import- of veteran players, they hope to that’s always a good match,” in focuses its recruiting resourc- the States and get an American
they opted for their traditional ant. She strives to focus on small present a united, cohesive front Butler said. “Especially this year, es nationally. education.
uniforms. goals. “Like when I play tough this season. because it seems like they’re go- “If we ever win a match, or The Polar Bears will be playing
Both teams have different teams, not necessarily focusing The men’s team, however, ing to be a weaker team, so we lose 8-1, which I think has hap- Trinity at the Lubin Family Squash
approaches and goals for this on winning, but on getting bet- only graduated one senior and could [beat them].” pened twice, that’s a big party. Center on Saturday at 3 p.m.
14 Friday, November 30, 2018

Local alliance
Before email existed, on Thursday nights the Orient staff would create pages
by pasting words and images onto boards and hand delivering them to the
press room of Alliance Press in Brunswick, our printer of more than thirty
years. Soon, however, we will be extremely grateful that we now submit pages
as emailed PDFs, because Alliance Press is moving to South Portland.
The Orient isn’t the only small-town newspaper that’s been published in
Brunswick over the last few years. The Brunswick Times Record prints there,
along with other local and college papers, and this move will likely require
changes for each of these papers’ production processes.
Alliance Press is doing all that they can to make sure that the Orient can still
be published in a timely fashion every Friday without significant cost increas-
es, and we’re still figuring out exactly how the move will affect us. Whatever
happens, we want to acknowledge that this is not Alliance Press’s fault—they’re
making the best of this situation, and we are grateful for that. However, for
another college or local paper, a move like this could be the final straw that
forces them to significantly alter their publication process or prevents them
from publishing altogether.
This is but one small stab in a larger attack on local journalism. The number
of daily newspapers in the United States has dropped 26 percent since 1970.
According to the Columbia Journalism Review, local newspaper circulation
numbers have dropped by roughly 30 percent over the past 15 years. In the past
decade, overall newspaper newsroom employment has dropped by 45 percent.
What happens when newsrooms shrink? It becomes harder for reporters
to meaningfully cover their communities on a daily basis. A study out of the
University of Illinois earlier this year found that local governments become
less fiscally responsible. A 2015 study from researchers at American University
and George Washington University found that a diminished news environment

decreases political engagement, too.

As journalists, we’re particularly interested in this aspect of the issue, but

similar phenomena are occurring in many other industries as well. Local busi-

nesses are forced to move out or shut down when their rents go up. Jobs are
becoming increasingly concentrated in major cities, and rural and suburban
communities are left behind.

Material messianism: ‘Waiting

The good news is that change can happen on a local level. Subscribe to your
local newspaper and engage with it—send in story tips and write letters to the
editor. If you live in a town without a local paper, stay informed by attending
town council meetings and contacting your local government officials. Support

for John’ and the ‘cargo cult’

other small businesses in your communities. And be grateful for the people
who wake up at 5 a.m. or earlier to make sure your newspaper is on your door-
step every day.

This editorial represents the majority view of the Bowdoin Orient’s editorial board, secret. The white people are doing this as lives. Other articles have taken this tack to
which is composed of Nell Fitzgerald, Dakota Griffin, George Grimbilas, Calder a sort of ritual designed to make the gods contextualize “cargo cults” within modern
Beyond Belief
McHugh, Devin McKinney and Jessica Piper. send the goods to them, the cargo.” American materialism.
by Emma Newbery
In this 1960 documentary, the island- A second angle, however, perhaps pres-
ers are limited to a ritual lens through ents a more nuanced conclusion than direct
As a documentary and irony enthusi- which to see the world. The implication is, comparison. For as Melton also acknowl-
ast, I spent Black Friday watching “Waiting moreover, that this is a less sophisticated edges in his 1985 article, messianic proph-
for John: An Island Cult Worships Amer- worldview. As Attenborough suggests, ecy is not the sole tenet of any one religion.
ican Materialism.” The 2015 documentary the only way the islanders can conceive Though it is certainly a facet of worship,
ESTABLISHED 1871 centers on the John Frum movement on of American military practice is through a given movement “must also develop a
Tanna, an island in the archipelago of a potential communication with the gods. group life within which ritual can be per- 6200 College Station Brunswick, ME 04011 Vanuatu. More commonly known as a And while this certainly was one facet of formed and individual interaction occur.”
“cargo cult,” this minority religion revolves their initial belief, the reality of American The John Frum Movement must be taken
The Bowdoin Orient is a student-run weekly publication dedicated to providing news and information around the figure John Frum, said to be a presence in 1942—following the first John for more than its prophetic component.
relevant to the Bowdoin community. Editorially independent of the College and its administrators, soldier who visited Tanna during World Frum prediction in 1940—lends this belief As one village member, August, explains,
the Orient pursues such content freely and thoroughly, following professional journalistic standards in War II bringing promises of American to historical and colonial legitimacy. For “We live here in Lamakara a very peaceful
writing and reporting. The Orient is committed to serving as an open forum for thoughtful and diverse materials, or “cargo.” Belief in his immi- John Frum believers, their belief is based life. Chief Isak leads us all. He has rules
discussion and debate on issues of interest to the College community. nent return sparked the performance of in fact—to some extent, they are correct. for many things so that we live according
U.S. military rituals, including drills and What’s more, with the arrival of coloniz- to our traditions.” Brothers Naunoun and
flag raising ceremonies to maintain belief ers in 1774, Western influence has been Joseph cite similar traditions and the im-
Calder McHugh Jessica Piper in John’s return. The connection between present on the island for a very long time. portance of living “as our ancestors lived.”
Editor in Chief Editor in Chief this near-extinct religious practice and While it is important to assess these be- The weekly worship, daily flag-raising and
“Black Friday” is obvious. In this article, liefs as primarily spiritual and religious, as orderly marching lend structure and coher-
I am more interested in teasing out the practitioners themselves view the move- ence to village life in their present iterations,
Digital Director Managing Editor News Editor latent stereotypes about religion and ritual ment, it is also important to note that the even as they are oriented towards a future
James Little Anjulee Bhalla Nina McKay that come to the fore in depictions of these “spirit of John Frum” is closely intertwined of prosperity that may never come. “John
Nell Fitzgerald “cargo cults.” with the specter of colonialism that, while told us: ‘OK. One day something will come
Photo Editor Dakota Griffin The John Frum movement has its no longer physically occupying the island, to our people,’” says Chief Isak Wan. This
Ezra Sunshine Alyce McFadden Features Editor
greatest stronghold in the village of La- certainly maintains a firm grip even from promise, left vague and entirely without
Mindy Leder (asst.) Mitchel Jurasek
Associate Editor makara, in southern Tanna. Though oceans away. temporal or material specification, works to
Chief Isak Wan maintains a firm belief in There are two angles of analysis for sustain the present as much as it does belief
Layout Editor Maia Coleman Sports Editor John’s return, many villagers have left the the material presented above. The first, in the future.
Emma Bezilla Amanda Newman
Lucia Ryan Kathryn McGinnis movement for Christian alternatives on perhaps more intuitively, is comparative. Internal fissures and external pres-
Ian Stewart
the southeast coast. “Waiting for John” This line of analysis links the belief in Je- sures from Christian movements in Port
Jaret Skonieczny (asst.) Copy Editor highlights a hierarchy of legitimacy for sus Christ the messiah and the belief in Resolution and Sulphur Bay threaten to
Sam Adler A&E Editor
religious groups that extends far beyond the return of John Frum. Theorist John extinguish the John Frum Movement.
Data Desk Editor Sydney Benjamin Sabrina Lin
Tanna to our own Western conceptions of G. Melton has identified the processes of Moreover, the emphasis on “tradition” and
Drew Macdonald Conrad Li religious practice. “spiritualization” as a crucial mediating “custom,” reveal not only the belief in John
Gideon Moore Devin McKinney
George Grimbilas (asst.) Opinion Editor The John Frum movement entails a cu- factor for religious movements whose Frum’s return, but also attests to the consti-
Nimra Siddiqui (asst.) Multimedia Editor Kate Lusignan rious appropriation of Western practices. prophecies are subject to doubt. Recon- tutive nature of religion and its undeniable
Surya Milner From footage of a 1960 docuseries, “The ceptualizing an anticipated physical or social function. As Sherry’s film suggests,
People of Paradise,” voice-over favorite material act as a spiritual occurrence can the John Frum movement can tell us a
Business Manager Calendar Editor
Avery Wolfe Coordinating Editor David Attenborough explains early Amer- work to reaffirm the belief in the prophecy lot about the way we construct legitimacy,
Cole van Miltenburg
Molly Kennedy Gwen Davidson ican rationale for these cults. With Amer- and its fulfillment. As filmmaker Jessica history and most importantly religion and
ica using the island as a military base in Sherry notes, all believers of the John ritual. Rather than tied to a fictional realm
Digital Strategist Head Illustrator Page 2 Editor battles against the Japanese, Attenborough Frum movement maintain that “John is or spiritual realm, it is clearly the product
Sophie Washington Phoebe Zipper Diego Lasarte points out that islanders could not help but a spirit.” This rationale holds true for the and process of real, historical encounters.
marvel at the very “cargo” that has come to messianic elements in Christianity as well. As Melton puts it: religion and ritual
form the basis of their religion. Imploring In a more secular sense, the movement’s operate “within a complex set of beliefs
The material contained herein is the property of The Bowdoin Orient and appears at the sole discretion of the his Western audience to place themselves replication of American national rituals and interpersonal relationships.” I would
editors. The editors reserve the right to edit all material. Other than in regard to the above editorial, the opinions in the islanders’ shoes, he argues that, highlights the overwhelming, almost “re- strongly recommend “Waiting for John”
expressed in the Orient do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors. eventually, “it dawns on you: this is the ligious” hold material culture has on our as a thought-provoking watch.
Friday, November 30, 2018 OPINION 15

Climate change and the future of skiing in Maine

loss of small Alpine ski areas. maintained by municipalities snowmaking, a process that of these changes will be a touring centers may see in-
Pine Tree There are dozens of these in and land trusts and can’t usu- requires large amounts of drastic diminishment of ski- creased traffic, the slow death
Perspective Maine, most of which offer a ally support snowmaking over water and electricity. In ing culture. Generations of of local mountains and trail
few trails served by a rope tow, multiple kilometers of trails. addition, larger crowds may Mainers, inspired by early systems may harm our econ-
by Lowell Ruck
T-bar or rusty double chair. In the absence of increased drive these same areas to build immigrants from Scandinavia omy as ticket revenue shifts to
Winter is officially here in Despite their smaller size and investment, it seems that Nor- new lifts and lodging and to and the Alps, have historically ski areas run by corporations
Maine. As I’m writing this, lower budget, these ski moun- dic skiing in Maine may soon develop new terrain, which turned to skiing as a way to rather than local businesses.
campus and much of the rest tains are fairly popular, as be restricted to only the most will ultimately consume pass time during our state’s Maine will be affected in
of the state are covered with they often charge lower prices developed, high-elevation even more resources. This notoriously long and severe many ways by climate change,
snow, and some places in the for tickets and are usually not touring centers and smaller increase in travel and resource winters. Now, it looks like from the probable collapse
north and west have been very far from towns or cities. networks may suffer the same consumption will release both Alpine and Nordic ski- of the lobster industry due to
buried in over a foot. As an However, most are at lower fate as smaller Alpine areas. more greenhouse gases into ing may be accessible to only warming oceans, to the ag-
avid Nordic skier, I couldn’t elevations than their larger On top of all this, the the atmosphere, worsening the wealthiest among us. And ricultural failures caused by
be more excited. This Thanks- counterparts, making them environmental impact of the climate upon which while larger ski resorts and droughts, to the loss or severe
giving was the first in recent more susceptible to change skiing will become much these ski areas depend endangerment of many of our
memory where I’ve been able caused by warmer tempera- greater than it has been in the and compounding the most iconic natural treasures.
to go skiing on anything more tures. In addition, their small- past. Because of the loss of problems described Skiing is only one part of the
than a manmade loop. I’m er business models generally smaller-scale ski mountains above. picture. Nonetheless, it’s some-
sure Alpine skiers are equally rely less on snowmaking and and trail networks throughout The sum thing worth considering the
thrilled—Sugarloaf and Sun- other expensive measures for the Northeast, many people next time you find yourself out
day River, Maine’s largest ski preserving trails, which will will elect to drive greater enjoying the snow. Our actions
resorts, are calling this whole be increasingly necessary in a distances to larger resorts have consequences for the fu-
climatic anomaly “Snowvem- changing climate. As a result, such as Sugarloaf with more ture, and all of us—citizens,
ber” and have most certainly institutions such as Shawnee secure snowpacks. When governments and ski resorts big
capitalized on the early start Peak, Camden Snow Bowl, they arrive, skiers will find and small—have the respon-
to the season. Lost Valley and Black Moun- mountains and trail systems sibility to act as we are able to
Yet even as I welcome tain could soon struggle to which will increasingly stave off climate change’s worst
winter’s arrival, I can’t help turn a profit. In turn, as these rely on effects. Otherwise, we may irre-
but wonder how much lon- areas close, Alpine skiing will versibly alter the planet, and
ger Maine will see conditions likely become less accessible in doing so, lose one of
like these. As recent climate to most people, who may Maine’s most endur-
reports have indicated, we not be able to afford the ing activities.
are dangerously close to pro- travel and high ticket
voking catastrophic climate prices required to
change, and if we fail to re- ski at resorts
duce our emissions soon, the like Sugarloaf
consequences will be severe. or Sunday Riv-
Our state alone could warm as er.
much as five degrees Fahren- We can also
heit in the next 50 to 60 years expect that
and, according to extreme Nordic ski
estimates, could be as hot as trail networks
Virginia is today. What will in Maine will
this drastic increase in tem- be increasing-
perature mean for Maine? ly inviable in
More specifically, how will the future. Most
it affect our ski industry and of these are also
culture, which rely on cold, located at lower
snowy winters? elevations. Howev- SHONA ORTIZ
One of the first conse- er, unlike Alpine areas,
quences of warming will be the many Nordic centers are


Orient’s use of ‘non-traditional’ ARE YOU OUT OF POLAR POINTS?

student disgraceful Answer at
To whom it may concern: course that we “non-traditional” students
have to take before leaving the military. It’s
As a military Veteran, I find it very dis- called the Transition Assistance Program,
graceful that you would refer to people in the
military as “non-traditional” students!
As a former military person and someone
which helps assist in the transition from mil-
itary to civilian life. It does take some time to
adjust, and for the most part we do just fine.
Last week’s response:
that has gone back to school within the past Everyone has personal issues and challenges.
six years, it was very hard for me to go back We are not different people when it comes Q: DO YOU LIKE THE NEW COURSE SCHEDULE?
to school and deal with generational differ- to military and/or civilians. We have lived
ence. We are taught to be respectful. We may
do things differently than the general public,
totally different lives but are still people and
still students.
62% YES
but we have been taught some very good life
lessons. What makes someone a “traditional” Very respectfully, 38% NO
student? How will there be “social, econom- Christopher Munt
ic and personal challenges” to becoming a Bowdoin College Based on answers from 32 voters
student? I’m sure that you are aware of the Mechanical Services

Submit an Op-Ed or a Letter to the Editor to

GOT by 7 p.m. on the
THOUGHTS? Tuesday of the week of publication. Include
your full name and phone number.
16 Friday, November 30, 2018

December Dance Concert
Students will perform choreography by Dance Faculty Aretha
Aoki, Adanna Jones and Gwyneth Jones. The
Association of Bowdoin Friends will sponsor a reception
following the performance.
Pickard Theater, Memorial Hall. 7:30 p.m.

Dear Nora
WBOR, Bowdoin Queer-Straight Alliance and MacMillan
House will host Dear Nora, an indie pop band revitalized in
2017 by guitarist Katy Davidson. The group is known for its
experimental and far-reaching contributions to rock music,
covering topics including nature, technology and politics.
MacMillan House. 8 p.m.
PERFORMANCE TEARING UP THE ICE: On November 16, Bowdoin men’s ice hockey (2-3) suffered a 4-1 loss against Williams (3-1) in its first game of the season.
Racer X The team will face Colby (1-2-1) at the Alfond Arena in Waterville on December 1st.
The cover band, including Assistant Professor of English
Aaron Kitch on the keyboard and Assistant Professor of
Music Vineet Shende on vocals and guitar, will perform 80s hits.
Ladd House. 10 p.m.
L.L. Bean Northern Lights Celebration End of Semester Dance Show
L.L. Bean will host various themed events and festivities All of Bowdoin’s student dance groups will have an end-of-

SATURDAY 1 throughout the month of December, including a Discovery

Forest and Warming Hut. Monday’s activity is a Snowflake
Shoot at the Archery Range and the Hunting and
semester performance at Pickard Theater.
Pickard Theater. 8:00 p.m.
EVENT Fishing Store.
Brunch with Paul Adelstein Freeport. 6 p.m.
Actor Paul Adelstein ’91, who has starred in “Scandal,”
“Private Practice” and “Grey’s Anatomy,” will visit campus to
discuss his career and his time at Bowdoin. Students will have
the chance to eat brunch and ask questions.
Helmreich House. 11:30 a.m. THURSDAY 6
Chamber Choir
Book Launch and Discussion: Connie
The Chamber Choir, under the direction of Robert K. EVENT In the library’s final book launch of the semester, Professor of
Greenlee, will perform a program of “Sky Music,” which Curator’s Tour of “1968—Spring of History and Environmental Studies Connie Chiang will present
includes songs pertaining to weather, flight and the planets. Discontent” her book “Nature Behind Barbed Wire: An Environmental
Chapel. 3 p.m. Assistant Professor of German Jens Klenner and students History of the Japanese American Incarceration.”
from his course “German Literature and Culture since 1945” Nixon Lounge, Hawthorne-Longfellow Library. 4:30 p.m.
will discuss the photography of Michael Ruetz, which
showcased political turbulence in Germany beginning PERFORMANCE
in 1968. End of Semester A Capella Show
SUNDAY 2 Museum of Art. 4 p.m.

All of Bowdoin’s a capella groups will have an end-of-
semester performance at Pickard Theater.
Pickard Theater. 7:30 p.m.
EVENT A Community Title IX Discussion
Write Now, Write-Here, Write-In! Benje Douglas, director of gender violence prevention and PERFORMANCE
Writing assistants and research librarians will be present at education and Title IX coordinator, will host an open forum Bowdoin Orchestra
the Center for Learning and Teaching to assist students with for students to ask questions and share concerns about The Bowdoin Orchestra will perform works including the
final essays and assignments. Space is limited and sign-ups Bowdoin’s Title IX policy. This follows U.S. Secretary of tone poem Scheherazade by Nikolai Rimsky-Korskakov at its
are available on the CLT website. Education Betsy DeVos’ proposed changes on November 16. annual concert.
The Center for Learning and Teaching. 3 p.m. The Pickering Room, Hubbard Hall. 8 p.m. Kanbar Auditorium, Studzinski Recital Hall. 7:30 p.m.


St. Petersburg Dr. Richmond

Jazz Night I Jazz Night II Music Finale Men’s Ensemble Thompson