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Selected Bibliography for Further Research on Islamic Philosophy and Theology:

Binyamin Abrahamov, Islamic Theology: Traditionalism and Rationalism (Edinburgh:

Edinburgh University Press, 1998).

M. Aminrazavi, Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination , London, 1996.

G.C. Anawati and L. Gardet, Les grands problemes de la theologie musulmane, Paris, 1967.

A.J. Arberry, Revelation and Reason in Islam, London, 1956.

Arnaldez, Roger, Averroes: A Rationalist in Islam (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame
Press, 2000).

Atiyeh, George, al-Kindi: The Philosopher of the Arab, (Islamabad: Islamic Research
Institute, 1966).

Charles E. Butterworth (ed), The Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy: Essays in Honor of
Muhsin S. Mahdi (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992).

W. Chittick, The Heart of Islamic Philosophy: The Quest for Self-Knowledge in the Teachings
of Afdal al-Din Kashani (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001).

-------, The Self-Disclosure of God: Principles of Ibn al-Arabi's Cosmology, (Albany: State
University of New York Press, 1998).

-------, The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-Arabi's Metaphysics of Imagination, (Albany:
State University of New York Press, 1989).

H. Corbin (with S.H. Nasr and O. Yahya), History of Islamic Philosophy, (London, 1993).

-------, Spiritual Body and Celestial Earth, (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978).

-------, Avicenna and the Visionary Recital (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990).

W.L. Craig, The Kalam Cosmological Argument, (New York, 1979).

Herbert A. Davidson, Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies,

Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect (New York: Oxford
University Press, 1992)

-------, Proofs for Eternity, Creation, and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and
Jewish Philosophy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).

Majid Fakhry, Ethical Theories in Islam (Leiden/New York: E.J. Brill, 1994).
-------, Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Mysticism: A Short Introduction (Oxford: Oneworld,

R. Frank, The Metaphysics of Created Being According to Abu'l--Hudhayl al-Allaf, (Istanbul,


-------, Al-Ghazali and the Asharite School, (Durham, 1994).

L. Gardet and G.C. Anawati, Introduction a la theologie musulmane, (Paris, 1948).

Al-Ghazzali, Deliverance from Error (and other texts), translated by R. McCarthy, (Louisville,

-------, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, (Tahafut al-Falasifah), translated by M.E.

Marmura, (Provo, 1997).

I. Goldziher, Muslim Studies (trans. of Muhammedanische Studien), (Chicago, 1966).

L.E. Goodman, Jewish and Islamic Philosophy: Crosspollinations in the Classic

Age (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999).

-------, Avicenna, (London: Routledge, 1992).

Peter Heath, Allegory and Philosophy in Avicenna (Ibn Sina) with a translation of the Book of
the Prophet Muhammad's Ascent to Heaven (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press,

M. Horten, Die philosophischen Ansichten von Razi und Tusi, (Bonn, 1910).

-------, Die philosophischen Systeme der spekulativen Theologen im Islam, (Bonn, 1912).

G. Hourani, Islamic Rationalism: The Ethics of 'Abd al Jabbar, (Oxford, 1971).

------- (ed.), Essays on Islamic Philosophy and Science, (Albany: State University of New York
Press, 1975).

A.C. Hunsburger, Nasir Khusraw, (London, 2000).

Arthur Hyman and James J. Walsh (eds.), Philosophy in the Middle Ages: the Christian,
Islamic, and Jewish Traditions, (Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co., 1973).

Ibn Rushd, Incoherence of the Incoherence (Tahafut al-tahafut), trans. S. van den Bergh,
(London, 1969).

T. Izutsu, The Concept and Reality of Existence, (Tokyo, 1971).

Mohammed `Abed al-Jabri, Arab-Islamic Philosophy: A Contemporary Critique, translated

from the French by Aziz Abbassi (Austin: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of
Texas at Austin, 1999).
al-Kindi, Metaphysics, a translation of Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi's treatise "On First
Philosophy" (fi al-falsafah al-ula) with introduction and commentary by Alfred L. Ivry.
(Albany: State University of New York Press, 1974).

W. Klein, The Elucidation of Islam's Foundation, New Haven, 1940.

Joel L. Kraemer, Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abu Sulayman Al-Sijistani and His
Circle (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1986).

O. Leaman, Averroes and His Philosophy, (Oxford, 1988).

-------, An Introduction to Medieval Islamic Philosophy, (Cambridge/New York: Cambridge

University Press, 1985).

D.B. MacDonald, The Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional

Theory, (New York, 1965).

Mahdi, Muhsin, Alfarabi and the Foundation of Islamic Political Philosophy: Essays in
Interpretation, (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2001).

G. Makdisi (ed.), Ibn Qudamah, Censure of Speculative Theology, (London, 1962).

M.E. Marmura (ed.), Islamic Theology and Philosophy, (Albany: State University of New York
Press, 1984).

R. McCarthy, Freedom and Fulfillment, (Boston, 1980).

-------, The Theology of al-Ash'ari, (Beirut, 1953).

M. McDermott, The Theology of Al-Shaikh al-Mufid, (Beirut, 1978).

R. Martin et al. Defenders of Reason in Islam, (Oxford, 1997).

W. Montgomery Watt, Free Will and Pre-destination in Early Islam, (London, 1948).

-------, The Formative Period of Islamic Thought, (Edinburgh, 1973).

P. Morewedge (ed.), Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism, (Delmar, 1981).

S. Munk, Melanges de philosophie juive et arabe, (Paris, 1859).

Nader, Le systeme philosophique des mu'tazila, (Beirut, 1956).

S.H. Nasr, (with M. Aminrazavi), Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, vol. 1 and 2, (New
York/Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999-2000).

-------, The Islamic Intellectual Tradition in Persia, (Surrey: Curzon Press, 1996).

-------, An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines , (Albany: State University of New

York Press, 1993).
-------, Science and Civilization in Islam, (Chicago, 2000).

------- (ed.), Isma'ili Contributions to Islamic Culture, (London, 1977).

S.H. Nasr, and O. Leaman (ed.), History of Islamic Philosophy, 2 vols., (London:

Ian Netton, Allah Transcendent: Studies in the Structure and Semiotics of Islamic Philosophy,
Theology, and Cosmology, (London: Routledge, 1989).

-------, Muslim Neoplatonists: An Introduction to the Thought of the Brethren of

Purity (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991).

S. Pines, Beitrage zur islamischen Atomenlehre, Berlin, 1938.

C.A. Qadir, Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World , (London: Routledge, 1988).

Fazlur Rahman, Prophecy in Islam: Philosophy and Orthodoxy, (Chicago: University of

Chicago Press, 1979).

F. Rosenthal, Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam, Leiden:

E. J. Brill, 1970).

M. M. Sharif, A History of Muslim Philosophy, 2 vols., (Wiesbaden, 1963-1966).

Suhrawardi, The Philosophy of Illumination: a New Critical Edition of the Text of Hikmat al-
ishraq with English translation, notes, commentary, and introduction by John Walbridge and
Hossein Ziai, (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1999).

D. Urvoy, Ibn Rushd (Averroes), (London, 1991).

J. van Ess, Die Erkenntnisslehre des 'Adudaddin al-Iji, (Wies-baden, 1966).

-------, Theologie und Gesellschaft Im 2 Lund 3 Jahrundert Hidschra: Eine Geschichte Des
Religioesen Denkens Im Fruehen Islam, 5 vols., (Berlin, 1993).

-------, Zwischen Hadith und Theologie, (Berlin, 1975).

John Walbridge, The Wisdom of the Mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism,
(Albany: State University of New York Press, 2001).

-------, The Leaven of the Ancients: Suhrawardi and the Heritage of the Greeks, (Albany: State
University of New York Press, 2000).

-------, The Science of Mystic Lights: Qutb al-Din Shirazi and the Illuminationist Tradition in
Islamic Philosophy, (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1992).

R. Walzer, Greek into Arabic, (Oxford, 1962).

-------, Al-Farabi on the Perfect State, (New York, 1985)
W.M. Watt, Islamic Philosophy & Theology, (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press)

H.A. Wolfson, The Philosophy of the Kalam, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976).

-------, Studies in the History of Philosophy and Religion, 2 vols., (Cambridge: Harvard
University Press, 1973-77).

G. Ha'iri Yazdi, The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy, (Albany: State

University of New York Press, 1992).

H. Ziai, Knowledge and Illumination, (Atlanta, 1990).