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The chemical obtained from chrysanthemum that has insecticidal properties is called a:

pyrethroid

parasite

pathogen

pyrethrum

What are the units of LD50?

milligrams/ kilogram of animal body weight

kilogram/gram of animal body weight

milligrams/gram of animal body weight

gram/gram of animal body weight

A herbicide applied to the soil before planting a crop is called a:

preplant herbicide

postemergence herbicide

postplant herbicide

preemergence herbicide

Pesticides used to control plant pest are called:

fungicides

weed agents

toxicols

herbicides
End of Question 1

Which of the following is the principal chromophore in an azo-dye?

C=N

N=N

N≡N

C≡N

What is a chromophore?

A coloured compound.

A group of atoms in a coloured compound.

A group of atoms in a compound responsible for electromagnetic radiation.

A group of atoms in a compound responsible for the absorption of electromagnetic radiation.

Pesticides designed to kill birds are called:

herbicides

birdicides

aviacides

miticides

Which of the following is limitation of the Lambert-Beer’s law?


a) Scattering of light due to particles

b) Fluorescence of the sample

c) Non-monochromatic radiation

d) All of the mentioned

Which of the following shift leads to the decreased intensity of absorption?

a) Hypochromic

b) Hyperchromic

c) Hypsochromic

d) Bathochromic

The wavenumber of a transition is 2000 cm–1. In what part of the electromagnetic spectrum does this
come?

Infrared.

Ultraviolet-visible.

Radiowave.

Microwave.

According to the Beer-Lambert Law, on which of the following does absorbance not depend?

Extinction coefficient of the sample.

Distance that the light has travelled through the sample.

Solution concentration.

Colour of the solution.

Which statement is correct?


Wavenumber is directly proportional to energy.

Wavenumber is directly proportional to wavelength.

Wavelength is directly proportional to energy.

Wavelength is directly proportional to frequency.

The principles of green chemistry include the eliminating the ________ treatments.

a) Costly

b) Harmful

c) Hard

d) Easy

Green chemistry applies across the __________ of a chemical product like design, manufacture and use.

a) Life cycle

b) Properties

c) Uses

d) Efficiency

The green synthesis methods should have _________

a) Low efficiency

b) High harmful products

c) Low energy requirements

d) Low atom efficiency

The correct order of different types of energies is

a) Eel >> Evib >> Erot >> E tr

b) Eel >> Erot >> Evib >> E tr

c) Eel >> Evib >> Etr >> E rot

d) Etr >> Evib >> Erot >> E el


Which of the following is an application of molecular spectroscopy?

a) Structural investigation

b) Basis of understanding of colors

c) Study of energetically excited reaction products

d) All of the mentioned

Which of the following transitions are of weak intensities and lie in the visible region?

a) n→n*

b) σ→σ*

c) π→π*

d) n→σ*

Arrange the various electronic transitions in the order of increasing energy.

a) n→σ* < π→π* < n→π* < σ→σ*

b) n→π* < π→π* < n→σ* < σ→σ*

c) n→σ* < n→π* < π→π* < σ→σ*

d) σ→σ* < π→π* < n→π* < n→σ*

Which of the following is not an auxochrome group?

a) –OH

b) –SH

c) –OR

d) –O2

Supramolecular chemistry has been defined as...

The study of large molecules

Chemistry beyond the molecule


Chemistry of atoms

The study of covalent bonds

3. Supramolecular chemistry is primarily concerned with...

Covalent bonding

Non-covalent bonding

Atomic forces

Thermodynamics

4. Supramolecules are very common in nature, which of the following is an example of a supramolecule?

Caffeine

Glucose

DNA

Thymine

6. What kind of forces are used in binding?

Van der Waal's forces are insignificant in supramolecular chemistry due to the fact that they are very
weak.

True

False

7. Using the appropriate supramolecular host, it is possible to bind which of these guests?
Anions

All of these

Cations

Neutral species

8. What type of guest would a crown ether (essentially a cyclic poly ether) be able to bind?

Cations

Neutral species

Anions

Zwitterions (a molecule with both a positive and negative charge)

9. Where's this all going?

There is a lot of interest in the area of supramolecular catalysis at the moment, why is this?

It would be useful for cutting down on the amount of solvent in the reaction and hence decreases costs.
This is of particular significance to large scale industrial processes.

It would allow very efficient and stereoselective catalysis of often very difficult reactions.

It is thought that a supramolecular catalyst would be capable of replacing catalytic metals in reactions,
thereby reducing cost while increasing efficiency.

There is actually very little interest in this area, due to the fact that it is very difficult to make a
supramolecular catalyst.

10. Last one...

The 'lock-and-key' principle states that it is possible to bind any guest if the host is big enough.

True

False
How many signals does the aldehyde (CH3)3CCH2CHO have in 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra?

a) five 1H signals and six 13C signals

b) three 1H signals and four 13C signals

c) five 1H signals and four 13C signals

d) three 1H signals and six 13C signals

Fluorine is monotopic (19F). What would you expect to see in the mass spectrum of F2?

The spectrum contains peaks at m/z = 38 and 19 of equal intensities.

The spectrum contains peaks at m/z = 38 and 19, and these are probably of different intensities.

The spectrum contains one peak at m/z = 38.

The spectrum contains one peak at m/z = 19.

Which of hydrogens a-d in the following molecule gives a triplet signal in a normal 1H NMR spectrum?

a) hydrogen a

b) hydrogen b

c) hydrogen c
d) hydrogen d

How many signals does the unsaturated ketone

(CH3)2CHCH2C(O)CH=CH2 have in 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra?

a) five 1H signals and six 13C signals

b) six 1H signals and six 13C signals

c) six 1H signals and seven 13C signals

d) five 1H signals and seven 13C signals

Which of (a)-(d) indicates the correct order of carbon chemical shifts of the four carbons of the following
compound.

a) CMe < C2 < C3 < C1

b) CMe < C3 < C2 < C1

c) CMe < C2 < C1 < C3

d) CMe < C1 < C2 < C3


Which carbon of (a)-(d) of hex-3-en-2-one has the smallest (most upfield) chemical shift in
the NMR spectrum?

a) C1
b) C2
c) C4
d) C6
Which carbon of (a)-(d) of hex-3-en-2-one shows the largest (most downfield) chemical shift
in the NMR spectrum?

a) C1
b) C2
c) C4
d) C6

Which carbon of (a)-(d) of hex-3-en-2-one shows the largest (most downfield) chemical shift
in the NMR spectrum?

You did not answer the question.


Correct answer:
b) C2
Feedback:
C1 and C6 are the methyl carbons while C2 is a carbonyl and C4 is a vinylic carbon. The
carbonyl carbon shows the largest (most downfield) shift of the four, as summarized on p.
586
Which of the following statements regarding IR spectroscopy is wrong?

a) Infrared radiation is higher in energy than UV radiation.


b) Infrared spectra record the transmission of IR radiation.
c) Molecular vibrations are due to periodic motions of atoms in molecules, and
include bond stretching, torsional changes, and bond angle changes.
d) Infrared spectra give information about bonding features and functional groups
in molecules.

Which of the following statements regarding IR spectroscopy is wrong?

Your answer:
c) Molecular vibrations are due to periodic motions of atoms in molecules, and include bond
stretching, torsional changes, and bond angle changes.
Correct answer:
a) Infrared radiation is higher in energy than UV radiation.

Which of the following statements in the context of 1H NMR spectroscopy is true?


You did not answer the question.
Correct answer:
a) Arene C-H chemical shift (δ) values are greater than simple alkenes C-H chemical shift
values because of the aromatic ring current.

Which is the correct order of increasing wave number of the stretching vibrations of (1) C-H
(alkane), (2) O-H (alcohol), (3) C=O (ketone), and (4) C≡C (alkyne)?

a) (4) < (3) < (2) < (1)


b) (3) < (4) < (2) < (1)
c) (3) < (4) < (1) < (2)
d) (4) < (3) < (1) < (2)