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Burj Al

Arab
 United Arab Emirates – Dubai
 Private Island (280 m Offshore)
The World's Tallest Usable
Full Hotel Building. If You
Counted Mixed Use
Buildings The Jin Mao
Tower In China Would Be
The Tallest Which Is Only
Half Hotel.
In English "Burj Al Arab"
Means The Arabian Tower
Burj Al Arab Was One Of
The Most Expensive
Buildings Ever Built. It Is
One Of The World's Only
Two "7 Star" Hotels.
Burj Al Arab Is Shaped Like
A Sail.
Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall

It is the second tallest hotel of


the world
Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall

It is the second tallest hotel of


the world

The building was started in 1994


and was officially launched on
December 1, 1999
Burj Al Arab is 321m Tall

It is the second tallest hotel of


the world

The building was started in 1994


and was officially launched on
December 1, 1999

The hotel cost US$650 million to


build
Structure:
Stunning design:
• The Burj Al Arab is shaped like a billowing
spinnaker sail
• It characterizes itself as the world's only
"7-star" property
• Floors: 60 Rooms: 202
Features:
• Underwater restaurant

• The hotel’s atrium is the world's tallest,


measuring 180 m high. (lobby-upper floor)

• Helicopter & RR
transfers.
• The Burj Al Arab is a futuristic architectural
marvel towering over the Gulf.

• The hotel is significantly taller than it


appears to the eye (332 m)

• Worlds highest tennis court.


Internet access, office area, laptop,
private telephone and facsimile,
photocopier and data port
It was built in the shape
of an Arabian boat.
The Burj Al Arab is built on an
Artificial island 280 m out from
Jumeirah beach,

It is connected to the mainland by a


private curving bridge
It took less than three years
to construct the building.

The building contains over


70,000 m3 of concrete and
9,000 tons of steel.
The screen is made of 1mm thick glass fiber
fabric with a Teflon coat to stop the dirt
sticking. The screen is the largest of it's type
and covers an area of one and a half football
pitch.
The Burj Al Arab holds only 28 double-
storey floors which accommodate 202
bedroom suites.
The smallest suite occupies an area of 169 m2
and the largest covers 780 m2
Al Muntaha Restaurant (right side)
is located 200 metres above the Persian
Gulf. It is supported by a full Cantilever
that extends 27 metres from the mast.
 Status: built
 Construction Dates:
  Began: 1994  
 Finished: 1999

 Floor Count: 60
 Elevator Count: 18
 Units / Rooms: 202
 Number of piles: 230
 Length of piles: 45m
 Diameter of piles 1.5m
 Depth of lowest basement
under sea is 7m below sea level.
Engineers created a surface layer
of large rocks, which is circled with a
concrete honeycomb pattern,
It protects the foundation from erosion. It took
3 Years to build the island.
Heights
 Height of atrium: 182m

 Height of helipad from sea: 212M

 Height of top of accommodation from island:

190m
 Height of top of mast from island :321m
 The diagonal trusses on the side of the building
are as long as a football pitch and weigh as
much as 20 double-decker busses. They were
built 15 KM from the site and brought by road
to Dubai on huge 80 wheel lorries which had
to be specially imported from South Africa. The
highest truss took a day to lift into place.

If one man was to build the building himself it


would take about 8,000 years to finish.
 carbon
 fiber  
 concrete
 fabric  
 glass
 gold  
 steel
It took 3 years to complete the island from
total 5 years construction period
Construction of Burj Al Arab began in
1994, and was completed in 1999 It was
built n the shape of the Arab dhow, a
type of Arabian vessel. Two ‘wings’
spread in a V shape to form a ‘mast’,
with the space in between them making
the worlds largest atrium. It needed to
be a building that would become
synonymous with the name of the
country.
 Temporary tube piles driven into sea bed
 Temporary sheet piles and tie rods driven into sea bed to
support boundary rocks (see figure 1)
 Permanent boundary rock bunds deposited either side of
sheet piles
 Hydraulic fill layers deposited between bunds to
displace sea water and form island (see figure 2 with fill
layers partially complete)
 Permanent concrete armor units placed around island
to protect it from the waves
 2m diameter 43m deep piles driven through island
and sea bed below to stabilize structure (see figure 3)
 Island interior excavated and temporary sheet pile coffer dam
inserted
 2m thick concrete plug slab laid at base of island
 Reinforced concrete retaining wall built
 Basement floors created (see figure 4)
Lateral loads are transferred
from steel frame to central spine.

Spine unifies the steel and


concrete structures.
Whole loads are first
passed
from reinforced concrete
in
multistory frame to main
steel exoskeleton, and
then
to the foundation.
Braces the exterior steel frame
• Resists Lateral Loads
• Resists Overturning
• Braces steel frame diagonally
• Resists Lateral Loads
• Reduce Moment and
Deflection
The structure is made of a steel exoskeleton
wrapped around an reinforced concrete tower.
The space between the wings is enclosed by a
Teflon-coated fiberglass sail, curving across the
front of the building and creating an atrium
inside. The sail is made of a material called
Dyneon, spanning over 161,000 square feet,
consists of two layers, and is divided into
twelve panels and installed vertically. The
fabric is coated with DuPont Teflon to protect
it from harsh desert heat, wind, and dirt. The
fabricators estimate that it will hold up for up
to 50 years.
 Joint Venture between

 Al Habtoor Engineering

 Murray and Roberts

 Fletcher Construction
 The companies all joined to gather because by utilizing the separate talents
of each partner; the bulk of the risk could be redistributed to the firms that
were best equipped to handle each particular issue. The risks that needed to
be considered were :
1. labor supply
2. concrete work
3. structural steel supply
4. Erection
5. high rise management experience
6. Purchasing
7. cost control
8. management staffing
 The Burj Al
Arab is lit
by 150
color
changing.
highlighted
by 90 Data
Flash
strobes

The • The tower


Changing changes
Colors of from white
to multicolor
the as the
Building’s evening
Exterior progresses
Architecture critics:
This extraordinary
investment
stretches the limits
of the ambitious
urban imagination
largely due to the
power of
excessive wealth.
You need to add what it will cost you
to dine in this restaurant
This is an aerial view from the plane
Look at the Hotel Burj Al Arab