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Appendix A.

Technical Feasibility Checklist

 The sanitary landfill should be as close as possible to the urban area, especially in a small
 Some specialists recommend that the borders of a sanitary landfill site be traced at a minimum
distance of 200 m from the nearest residential area.
 A sanitary landfill should be located close to the main road.
 Before negotiating the purchase of the land it is important to analyze the type of soil on which
the sanitary landfill will be constructed. It should be impermeable, clayey soil, otherwise it
must be made impermeable with a layer of compacted clay 0.30 m thick or, as a last resort,
with a geomembrane of PVC (polyvynil chloride) or high density polyethylene.
 It is also necessary to evaluate the depth of the water-bearing stratum or groundwater. A
distance of at least 1.0 m between the water table and the solid waste is recommended when
there is silty clayey soil.
 Additional area for infrastructure and buffer zone should be 30% of the area of the landfill.
 The sanitary landfill should be located downwind from the urban area; otherwise, to
counteract this nuisance trees and thick vegetation should be planted all around the landfill.
 The soil study is also used for evaluating the stability of the site and the location and quality of
the bank of cover material.
 Type of soil: a sanitary landfill should be located preferably on a terrain of sandy-silty-clayey
soils (loamy coarse sand, predominantly clayey loam); also suitable are silty-clayey soils
(heavy predominantly silty, predominantly silty clayey, light clayey silty) and clayey-silty
ones (heavy clayey silty and clayey). It is better to avoid sandy silty soils (predominantly
sandy) because they are very permeable.
 Soil permeability: the greater or lesser ease with which water seeps through a soil. The
permeability coefficient (k) is an indicator of the greater or lesser difficulty with which a soil
resists seepage of water through its pores. In other words, it is the speed with which the water
crosses different types of soil.
 Depth of the water table: the height of the water table or the dominant height of the
groundwater level. Preference will be given to well drained land, where the water table is
more than one meter deep the whole year round. Poorly drained land —that is, sites where the
water table is less than one meter down for most of the year— will have to be drained
artificially. It is better to discard sites such as these, especially those that are prone to
prolonged flooding.
 Availability of cover material: flat land with a silty clayey soil and a water table deep enough
to prevent contamination of groundwater by the disposal of wastes can offer a good quantity
of cover material, especially if the trench method is selected. On the other hand, if the land has
sandy soil or a shallow water table (less than one meter deep), it will first be necessary to
waterproof the terrain and then bring the cover material from elsewhere, which would greatly
increase costs; this kind of site should therefore be rejected.
 Rain, evaporation, temperature, and wind direction are the most relevant climatic data to be
gathered to work out the design specifications for the sanitary landfill infrastructure and also
to gain a better knowledge of the conditions for the construction in general:
Appendix B. Site Visit at Brgy. Felisa Current Sanitary Landfill

Main road from the main entrance to the Garbage collectors finding recyclable materials
center of the landfill after a garbage truck dumped solid waste

A crane on its everyday task to compact solid waste 16 meters high solid waste in Cell 1 of
the Sanitary Landfill in Brgy. Felisa

Leachate from solid waste flows down to the Culverts and drainage surrounds the
drainage sanitary landfill for leachate and rainwater flow
Vegetation grows along the side of the sanitary Shallow well pump house with the
landfill as solid waste continue to add windmill as its source of power

Liners prevents leachate to seep in the ground Compacted roadways serves as roadway
for garbage trucks

Fences are placed around the entire area Administration building which serves as the
of sanitary landfill control center for the people in charge in the landfill
Storage basin which collects all the leachate Researchers investigating the current situation
from the landfill of the sanitary landfill

Washing area for garbage trucks after A garbage truck on its everyday duty to dump
solid wastes are dumped solid waste

Recirculation pump house located beside Leachate flows on the ground due to the absence of
the storage basin for leachate drainage in the area
Appendix C. Environmental Feasibility Checklist

 Solid waste shall be spread and compacted in layers with repeated passages of the
landfill equipment to minimize voids within the cell and maximize compaction.
 Covered surfaces of the disposal area shall be graded to promote lateral runoff of
precipitation and to prevent pounding.
 Designation of a separate containment area for household hazardous wastes.
 The site should be large enough to accommodate the community's wastes for a period
of five (5) years during which people must internalize the value of environmentally
sound and sustainable solid waste disposal;
 The site should have an adequate quantity of earth cover material that is easily handled
and compacted
 Cover - two (2) forms of cover consisting of soil and geosynthetic materials to protect
the waste from long-term contact with the environment:
 a daily cover placed over the waste at the close of each day's operations, and;
 a final cover, or cap, which is the material placed over the completed landfill to
control infiltration of water, gas emission to the atmosphere, and erosion.

ARTICLE 6. Section 39. Guidelines for Controlled Dumps - The following shall be the
minimum considerations for the establishments of controlled dumps:

 Regular inert cover;

 Surface water and peripheral site drainage control;
 Provision for aerobic and anaerobic decomposition;
 Restriction of waste deposition to small working areas;
 Fence, including provisions for litter control;
 Basic record-keeping;
 Provision of maintained access road;
 Controlled waste picking and trading;
 Post-closure site cover and vegetation; and
 Hydro geological siting.
Appendix D. Weight Recording

The City of Bacolod will make use of a weighbridge to collect and record the
types and quantities of waste entering the landfill facility. Using a weighbridge the city
must record the amounts of waste entering the landfill, by weighing the vehicles at the
point of entry and again on the way out. The difference in the mass of the vehicle
between the 'in' and 'out' provides the mass of the waste. A scale operator is required
to correctly identify the types of waste disposed of. The data is captured using
weighbridge software programmed with spreadsheet software such as Microsoft Excel
or a customized weighbridge software that can simultaneously provide information
based on the type of waste and the size of the vehicle. The support software is
designed to collect all the normal data required which are date and time weighed,
weight of waste and waste type. All information collected should be collated into a
database to enable quantitative reporting. For the selection of the placement of the
weighing system is on top of the road. The location of the weighbridge is reflected in
the Plans and Specifications of the project study

Appendix E. Weighing Scale Manual
Appendix F. Labor Cost Reference

Administrative Supervisor Salary


The average pay for an Administrative Supervisor is PHP 313,363 per year. Most people

move on to other jobs if they have more than 20 years' experience in this career. For the first

five to ten years in this position, salary increases steeply, but any additional experience does

not have a big effect on pay.

Safety Officer Salary


The average pay for a Safety Officer is PHP 224,019 per year. Experience strongly influences

salary for this job. People in this job generally don't have more than 10 years' experience.

Bookkeeping, Accounting, or Auditing Clerk Salary


The average pay for a Bookkeeping, Accounting, or Auditing Clerk is PHP 180,311 per year.

Most people move on to other jobs if they have more than 20 years' experience in this field.

_Cl erk/Salary
Project Engineer Salary


The average pay for a Project Engineer is PHP 252,919 per year. Experience has a moderate

effect on income for this job. People in this job generally don't have more than 20 years'

experience. Project engineers oversee technical staff on engineering projects within their

company, ensuring that projects are completed on schedule, within budget and within project

specifications. They coordinate efforts among staff and ensure that effective communication

exists among the various divisions or staffs involved in projects, as well as ensure resource

allocation is effective, efficient and sufficient to complete the project. Project engineers use

their expertise as an engineer throughout their work, and they may be the customer's technical

point of contact as well. These engineers typically work alongside other engineers in an office

setting, with regular travel to project sites potentially needed as well. These professionals

generally work during regular business hours, although additional and/or alternative hours

may be required depending on project deadlines and the needs of the business.

Maintenance Supervisor Salary


A Maintenance Supervisor earns an average salary of PHP 353,799 per year. People in this

job generally don't have more than 20 years' experience. Experience strongly influences

income for this job.

Maintenance supervisors handle many different areas of home or business repair, such as

plumbing, electricity, ventilation, air conditioning, and other building systems. They are

responsible for evaluating problematic systems and determining what repairs need to be
performed. Supervisors are also in charge of hiring workers, and assigning duties and

responsibilities; the supervisor may provide training on equipment and procedures used in a

building or complex. Additional duties include developing and implementing maintenance

procedures and keeping personnel records.

Security Guard Salary


The average pay for a Security Guard is PHP 143,106 per year. Most people with this job

move on to other positions after 10 years in this career. Pay for this job does not change much

by experience, with the most experienced earning only a bit more than the least.

Security guards provide low-level protection for companies and organizations which usually

involves patrolling the premises, either by foot or in a company vehicle (of course, a valid

driver’s license is required in order to drive company vehicles). Security guards patrol for

suspicious or dangerous activity that might be detrimental to the safety of the facility or any

people present. If a person at or in the facility is in violation of particular rules or policies, the

guard must correct the situation.

Office Clerk, General Salary


The average pay for an Office Clerk, General is PHP 140,138 per year. Experience has a

moderate effect on income for this job. Most people move on to other jobs if they have more

than 10 years' experience in this field.

General office clerks are responsible for a variety of duties in an office setting, which can

include answering phone calls, filing documents, and conducting data entry. Tasks can
involve a certain level of both physical and mental stamina; general office clerks may be

required to be on their feet or sitting in place for long hours. Performing many tasks at once or

on deadline also is common. As a result, communication skills, organization, and multitasking

are beneficial for general office clerks. General office clerks are present in many different

environments, such as schools, hospitals, and government offices. Their work area may be

adjacent to a supervisor's office or at the front end of a business. Depending on the size of the

organization or institution, general office clerks may be expected to work alone or as part of a

group. Supervision may be done directly by a business owner or under a team manager.

General office clerks work in either a part- or full-time capacity, so hours vary across

different settings.

Computer Operator Salary


The average pay for a Computer Operator is PHP 200,458 per year.

A computer operator performs a variety of tasks, including the operation of multiprocessing

computers and organizing, maintaining, and distributing related reports. They must able to

operate electronic computer systems in a big-data communication environment, as well as be

able to read and understand manuals and instructions to perform job duties. Some of the most

important functions of a computer operator include having to operate computers, mini/micro

computers, printers, PCs, and mainframes. He or she also creates and maintains operations

documents and must be able to plan a daily schedule for job control set-up. Additionally, they

need to do some math calculations quickly and accurately and type at a fast rate. A computer

operator needs to have a strong knowledge in the specific operations expected by their
organization; they should be able to work independently in performing his or her job duties.

Operations Manager Salary


An Operations Manager earns an average salary of PHP 680,218 per year. Most people move

on to other jobs if they have more than 20 years' experience in this field. Skills that are

associated with high pay for this job are Project Management and People Management.

Experience has a moderate effect on income for this job.

Operations managers oversee their organization’s production of goods and/or services. They

oversee various departments, such as purchasing, warehousing, and manufacturing. They

must make sure that their company’s products meet or exceed clients’ or customers’

expectation. They must make sure that their company’s operations run smoothly and

effectively. They oversee budgets. Depending on the size of their company, they may be

involved in establishing sales and profit goals. They must make sure that their company

conducts their business in a safe manner. They must comply with safety and environmental

rules and regulations.