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4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.

0
Vehicle Specifications: Suspension Geometry: Geometry Summary:
Wheelbase 108.5 in Upper Links x y z Static Anti-Squat 95 %
Tire Diameter 39.50 in Frame End 32.00 13.00 32.00 in Roll Center Height 27 in
Tire Rolling Radius 19.75 in Axle End 0.00 2.00 28.00 in Roll Axis Angle 2 degrees (Roll Oversteer)
Vehicle CG Height 34.00 in Lower Links x y z Instant Center X-Axis 141 in
Vehicle Mass 4,200 lb Frame End 47.00 3.00 28.00 in Instant Center Z-Axis 46 in
Front Unsprung Mass 800 lb Axle End 3.00 22.00 19.75 in
Rear Unsprung Mass 700 lb

Travel

-20.00 0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00


4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.0 = Reference
Vehicle CG 34.00
Sprung Mass CG 41.92 in
Anti-Squat CG 36.85 in
Suspension Geometry: Static Travel
Upper Links x y z Frame Vector - AB x y z Frame Vector - AB
Frame End 32.000 13.000 32.000 in start point 47.00 3.00 28.00 start point
Axle End 0.000 2.000 28.000 in vector -15.00 10.00 4.00 vector
Vector 32.000 11.000 4.000 in
Length 34.073 in Upper Vector - BC x y z Upper Vector - BC
Unit Vector 0.9391 0.3228 0.1174 1.0000 start point 32.00 13.00 32.00 start point
Intercept -5.8182 2.0000 28.0000 in vector -32.00 -11.00 -4.00 vector
Roll Point -5.8182 0.0000 27.2727 in
Force 32118.099 lb (Tension) Axle Vector - CD x y z Axle Vector - CD
Force Vector 30163.636 10368.750 3770.455 lb start point 0.00 2.00 28.00 start point
Vertical Slope 0.3438 in/in vector 3.00 20.00 20.00 vector
Horizontal Slope 0.1250 in/in
Lower Links x y z Lower Vector - DA x y z Lower Vector - DA
Frame End 47.000 3.000 28.000 in start point 3.00 22.00 19.75 start point
Axle End 3.000 22.000 19.750 in vector 44.00 -19.00 8.25 vector
Vector 44.000 -19.000 8.250 in
Travel Amount 0.00 in Travel 0.00 in pinion angle change: 0.00
Static Geometry: Bump Geometry:
Upper Links x y z Upper Links x y z
Frame End 32.000 13.000 32.000 in Frame End 32.000 13.000 32.000 in
Axle End 0.000 2.000 28.000 in Axle End 0.000 2.000 28.000 in
Vector 32.000 11.000 4.000 in Vector 32.000 11.000 4.000 in
Length 34.073 in Length 34.073 in
Separation 8.779 Separation 8.779
Length0-Length1 0.000 in
Unit Vector 0.9391 0.3228 0.1174 1.0000 Unit Vector 0.9391 0.3228 0.1174 1.0000
Intercept -5.8182 2.0000 28.0000 in Intercept -5.8182 2.0000 28.0000 in
Roll Point -5.8182 0.0000 27.2727 in Roll Point -5.8182 0.0000 27.2727 in

Vertical Slope 0.3438 in/in Vertical Slope 0.3438 in/in


Horizontal Slope 0.1250 in/in Horizontal Slope 0.1250 in/in
Link Force 5353 lb Link Force 5353 lb
Lower Links x y z Lower Links x y z
Frame End 47.000 3.000 28.000 in Frame End 47.000 3.000 28.000 in
Axle End 3.000 22.000 19.750 in Axle End 3.000 22.000 19.750 in
Vector 44.000 -19.000 8.250 in Vector 44.000 -19.000 8.250 in
Link Length 48.632 in Link Length 48.632 in
Unit Vector 0.9048 -0.3907 0.1696 1.0000 Unit Vector 0.9048 -0.3907 0.1696 1.0000
Intercept 53.947 23.295 19.188 in Intercept 53.947 23.295 19.188 in
Roll Point 53.947 0.000 29.303 in Roll Point 53.947 0.000 29.303 in
Vertical Slope -0.4318 in/in Vertical Slope -0.4318 in/in
Horizontal Slope 0.1875 in/in Horizontal Slope 0.1875 in/in

-20.00 0.00 20.00


4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.0
Acceleration 6.00 g
Material Selection:
Upper Links Lower Links
Outside Diameter 1.500 in Outside Diameter 1.750 in
Wall Thickness 0.188 in Wall Thickness 0.250 in
Material Used Alum 2024-T6 Material Used Steel 4130T
Rod End Rated Load 55,000 lb Rod End Rated Load 55,000 lb
Modulus of Elasticity 10,500,000 psi Modulus of Elasticity 29,700,000 psi
Yield Strength 50,000 psi Yield Strength 110,000 psi
Density 0.1000 lbm/in^3 Density 0.2840 lbm/in^3
Moment of Inertia 0.170 in^4 Moment of Inertia 0.341 in^4
Area 0.775 in^2 Area 1.178 in^2
Pyield 38,745 lb Pyield 129,591 lb
Pbuckling 15,188 lb Pbuckling 42,207 lb
Pbending 1,332 lb Pbending 3,521 lb
Link Length 34.0735 in Link Length 48.6319 in
Link Weight 2.64 lb Link Weight 16.27 lb
Link Force 32,118 lb (Tension) Link Force -44,248 lb (Compression)
F.S. Yield 1.21 (link stretching) F.S. Yield 2.93 (link compressing)
F.S. Buckling 0.47 (link buckling under braking) F.S. Buckling 0.95 (link buckling under acceleration)
F.S. Bending 0.63 (somewhat irrelevant for an UPPER link) F.S. Bending 1.68 (link bending w/ 1/2 the vehicle wei
F.S. Rod End 1.71 (rod end breaking) F.S. Rod End 1.24 (rod end breaking)
Material Specifications:

Elastic Modulus Yield Density


(psi) Strength (Lbs/in^3)
Alum 2024-T6 10,500,000 50,000 0.1000
Alum 6061-T6 10,000,000 39,900 0.0975
Alum 7075-T6 10,400,000 73,200 0.1020
Steel 1018 29,000,000 50,000 0.2840 Cold Drawn
Steel 4130N 29,700,000 63,100 0.2840 Normalized
Steel 4130T 29,700,000 110,000 0.2840 Water Quenched and Tempered
Steel 4340N 29,700,000 114,000 0.2840 Normalized
Steel 4340T 29,700,000 160,000 0.2840 Oil Quenched & Tempered
Titanium 6Al-4V 16,500,000 128,000 0.1600 6% Aluminum, 4% Vanadium
4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.0
Created 2004.12.04
by
Dan Barcroft
triaged@gmail.com
4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.0
Side View Top View
Front Tire Rear Tire IC Trace Upper Infinity 2170 Offset Up
angle x z x z x z Rear Axle 4.00 Upper Links
0 108.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 32.00 32.00 x z x
15 103.39 0.67 5.11 0.67 141.00 45.63 0.00 21.75 32.00
30 98.63 2.65 9.88 2.65 IC Trace Lower 1.00 21.48 0.00
45 94.53 5.78 13.97 5.78 x z 1.73 20.75 32.00
60 91.40 9.88 17.10 9.88 47.00 28.00 2.00 19.75 0.00
75 89.42 14.64 19.08 14.64 141.00 45.63 1.73 18.75 IC Trace Upper
90 88.75 19.75 19.75 19.75 Anti-Squat Line 1.00 18.02 x
105 89.42 24.86 19.08 24.86 x z 0.00 17.75 0.00
120 91.40 29.63 17.10 29.63 0.00 0.00 -1.00 18.02 -5.82
135 94.53 33.72 13.97 33.72 141.00 45.63 -1.73 18.75 -5.82
150 98.63 36.85 9.88 36.85 108.50 35.11 -2.00 19.75 0.00
165 103.39 38.83 5.11 38.83 Anti-Squat CG -1.73 20.75 Lower Links
180 108.50 39.50 0.00 39.50 x z -1.00 21.48 x
195 113.61 38.83 -5.11 38.83 -20.00 36.85 0.00 21.75 47.00
210 118.38 36.85 -9.88 36.85 120.00 36.85 3.00
225 122.47 33.72 -13.97 33.72 100% AS Line 47.00
240 125.60 29.63 -17.10 29.63 x z 3.00
255 127.58 24.86 -19.08 24.86 0.00 0.00 IC Trace Lower
270 128.25 19.75 -19.75 19.75 108.50 36.85 x
285 127.58 14.64 -19.08 14.64 Roll Axis 47.00
300 125.60 9.88 -17.10 9.88 x z 53.95
315 122.47 5.78 -13.97 5.78 -5.82 27.27 53.95
330 118.38 2.65 -9.88 2.65 0.00 27.47 47.00
345 113.61 0.67 -5.11 0.67 53.95 29.30
360 108.50 0.00 0.00 0.00

Lower Links Lower Links Upper Links Upper Links


Rear Tire Upper Links Lower Links IC Trace Upper
100% AS Line 27.47 45.6 Rear Axle
-20.00 0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00
Created 2004.12.04
80.00 by
Upper Links Dan Barcroft
y y' triaged@gmail.com
13.00 93.00
2.00 82.00
-13.00 67.00
-2.00 78.00
IC Trace Upper
y
2.00 82.00
0.00 80.00
0.00 80.00
-2.00 78.00
Lower Links
y
3.00 83.00
22.00 102.00
-3.00 77.00
-22.00 58.00
IC Trace Lower
y
3.00 83.00
0.00 80.00
0.00 80.00
-3.00 77.00

Upper Links IC Trace Upper IC Trace Lower Column D


IC Trace Upper IC Trace Lower Anti-Squat Line Anti-Squat CG
Rear Axle Roll Axis
60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00 140.00
140.00
4 Bar Linkage Calculator v3.0
Revision Control History
Version Changes / Enhancements
1.5 Corrections to the roll center calculation.
Additional "unit" descriptors added.
Added Coordinate System Diagram Sheet

2.0 Added Graphical Display


Flipped Coordinate System Drawing to Match Graphical Display
Fixed Typos in comments
Moved Cells and Removed Blank Lines
Fixed Units in Material Specs

3.0 Added Bump/Droop travel calculation sheet w/ macro


Rearranged to make it less cluttered and more user friendly
Added Calculation of Sprung Mass CG & Anti-Squat CG (CG - rear axle)
Changed all calculations that used CG to Anti-Squat CG
Fixed Errors When Bars are Parallel
Added Automatic Display of Roll Understeer/Oversteer
Saved as Excel 5.0/97 File
3.0c Added driveshaft angle and plung calculations (not completed!)
Fixed Anti-Squat CG Height Calculation
3.1 Changed travel calculations to not require solver add-in
Added travel chart to front page
Added travel specs to front page

Created 2004.12.04

Dan Barcroft
triaged@gmail.com
Date
2003.12.05

2004.01.07

2004.12.04

2005.04.01

2007.05.08
Revision by Chris Macock (Vetteboy79)

Created 2004.12.04
by
Dan Barcroft
triaged@gmail.com