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Diktat Perkuliahan

PENGANTAR ILMU
LINGKUNGAN
Environmental Policy On Climate Change

UNIVERSITAS ISLAM DJAKARTA


Prof. Dr. Ir. Raihan R., M.Si.
Nur Fadli Hazhar Fachrial, S.T., M.Pd.
Bambang Sukamto, S.H., M.H.
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Jakarta Islamic University
Jl. Balai Rakyat Utan Kayu, Matraman, Jakarta Timur 13120 Indonesia

Climate Policy
on the Installment Plan

Prensented by
Nur Fadli Hazhar Fachrial
Climate-Change Policy: Definition,
Target and Objective
• Policy responses to climate threats are inevitably a
product of such reasoning, weather conciously and
systematicaly or by some haphazard process of trial
and error
• Policies are constructed not only from tentative
agreement about what fact are but also from even more
tentative agreement about what the fact mean
• Position on climate policy refflect political needs
assessments that influences the funding and
intepretation of scientific needs assessment.
Hempel, Lamont C. 1996. Environmental Governance: The
Global Challenge. Washington, DC: Island Press
Climate-Change Policy: Definition,
Target and Objective
Dieter Helm p.13
Climate change has been caused by the way
resources have been consumed, and
climate-change policy necessitates a
substantial change in the allocation of
resources.

Michael E. Kraft p.39


Environmental policy refers to
governmental actions that affect or attempt
to affect environmental quality or the use of
natural resources
Central Question for Climate
Policy Making
• What is going on?
A first question with respect to the global climate problem
 How does the climate system work?
 What processes are going on?
 Which and what kind of climate change fluctuation
can be expected?
 When are such deviation abnormal and do they have
References an anthropogenic origin?
Books :  How predictable is all this?
 How seriously the global carbon cycle is disturbed?
 What is the role of human activity in this?
 What is the influence on the global system of the
greenhouse gases that are emitted?
Central Question for Climate
Policy Making...Cont.1
• What is at stake?
This question is related to the impact
how seriously and consequences of
climate change on nature and society
 What is the role?
References Books :  What is the role of human activity in
this?
 What is the influence on the global
system of the green house gases that
are emitted?
Central Question for Climate
Policy Making...Cont.2
• What can be done about it , How and with
what consequences?
 Are the risks associated with climate
change larger than those related to other
changes in society, especially in the
developing countries?
 How does all this fit in with the goal of a
world-wide sustainable development?
 Is it possible to mitigate emissions by the
References Books :
introduction of new technology?
 Or will it also demand the adaptation of
societalstructures and institutions, together
with changes of lifestyle
Central Question for Climate
Policy Making...Cont.2
• What can be done about it , How and with
what consequences?
 Are the risks associated with climate
change larger than those related to other
changes in society, especially in the
developing countries?
 How does all this fit in with the goal of a
world-wide sustainable development?
 Is it possible to mitigate emissions by the
References Books :
introduction of new technology?
 Or will it also demand the adaptation of
societalstructures and institutions, together
with changes of lifestyle
Central Question for Climate
Policy Making...Cont.3
• What should be the time frame
and what action should be
taken, by whom ?

References Books :
The Evolution of Climate Issues
and Policies

Stage V
Stage I Stage III Stage IV
Stage II Contigent
Scientific Policy National Target
Agenda Setting Implementation
Assessment frameworks and Timetables
(1988-1992) (Early to mid
(1950 – 1988) (1992 - 1997) (1997 – 2012)
21st Century)

Stage I Stage III Stage IV


Stage II Stage V
The Theory of The Political KYOTO PROTOCOL
Creation of IPPC
Global influence on rewards and Emission reduction Contigent
Warming agenda setting penalties for about 5 percen by Implementation
climate action 2012
Stage I
Scientific Assessment
References Books :

IPPC 2007

IPPC Technical
Paper IV
Global Temperature Change
Factors Determine Eart's Climate
Schematic View Component of
Climate System
Green House Effect
Stage II
Agenda Setting
Stage III
Policy Frame Work

References Books :
Stage III
Policy Frame Work

References Books :
Stage IV
National Targets and Time Table

References Books :
Stage V
Contigent Implementation

References Books :
THANK YOU

Jakarta Islamic University


Jl. Balai Rakyat Utan Kayu, Matraman
,Jakarta Timur 13120, Indonesia