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UNLe, CK READIN G & WRITING SKILLS STUDENT'S BOOK
WITH ONLINE WORKBOOK

Sabina Ostrowska

Unlock your potential and prepare for


academic success with this mot ivating,
research-basedcourse.

o Exciting video from Discovery


Education™ provides new angles
on a range of academic topics.

o A fresh approach to crit ical thinking


provides the tools needed to generate
individual ideas and opinions. C:
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o Unique corpus research helps avoid the
most common errors andprovidesthe n
academic language needed to succeed. l lSeN 9'7811016m '7
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CAMBRIDGE e:) 1sc o ve r y
EDUCATION .,

UNLOCK
READING & WRITING SKILLS 1
Sabina Ostrowska

D C AM BRI D GE
UNIVERSITY PRESS
CAMBRIDGE
UNIVERSITY PRESS

University Printing HOu$C, Camb ridge C828BS, United Kingdom

Cambridge University Press is partof theUniversity of Cambridge.


It furthersthe University"s missionby disseminatingknowledge in the pursuit of
education, learningand research at thehighestinternationallevelsofexcel.lc ncc.

www.ca.mbridge.org
Informal.ion on dtistitle-: www.cambridgc-.org/9781107613997
C> Cambridge Unh1ersityPre$$1014
Th is publication is in copyright.Subject 10 stalutory exception
and to theprovisionsof relevant collective Hceosi .ngagreements,
no reproduction ofany patt may take placewithout thewritten
permission ofCambridge University Press.
First published 2014
Printed i.n Ch ina by Golden Cup Printing Co. Ltd
A eatalogi,e rtcor1J forthis publeiiltio t1 isavailable from the British Library
ISBN 978-1 - 107 - 61; 99 - 7 Reading and Writing 1 Studenl's Book withOnline Workbook
ISBN 978•1•107 - 6 a401 -7 Reading and Wriling 1 Teacher's Book with OVO
ISBN 978 •1 • 10-7 67810- 1 Listening and Speaking 1 Student's Sook with Online Workbook
ISBN 978 -1- 107•66 21-1 7 Listening and Spt".aking 1 Tea che'rs Book with OVD
Additional resourcesfor thispublic.ition at ww·w·C.'ambridgc.org/unolck
Cambridge Un.iver$ity Presshas no responsibilityfor the persistence or accuracy of
URLs (or external or third-par_
ty intcrnetwebsites referred to in this publication,
and does not guarantee that anycoo1ent on s·uch websites is,or will remain,
accurate or appropriat.eInformationregarding prices., traveltimetables.and other
foc1ual informat ion given in thiswork i$correct at the time o( first printing but
Cambridge Univers-ity Pressdoes notguatanlec the accuracy of$uch i_nfo r malion
thereafter.
CONTENTS
Map of the book 4

Introduction 8

UNITl People 14

UNIT2 Seasons 32

UNIT3 Lifestyle 50

UNIT4 Places 68

UNITS Sport 86

UNIT 6 Jobs 104

UNIT7 Homes and buildings 122

UNITS Food and culture 140

UNIT9 Theanimal kingdom 158

UN IT l 0 Transport 176

Glossary 194

Video scripts 202

Acknowledgements 207
UNIT VIDEO RfAOING VOCAllULAI\Y

1PEOPLE People Key ,codingskill: Family vocabulary


Previewing (e.g.grondforhe,r
Reading l: Friendhle Understanding keyvocabulary grandmother. father.
(Commnuication studies) Skimming mother)
Reading2: A very tall man! Scanning to findinformation
(Anthropology)

2SEASONS Extreme Key r,od ing skill: Adjectives to describe the


weather Scanning to 6ndinformation weather (e.g.worm. hot,
Reading l: Thecoldest cityin Previewing cold.sunny)
theworld Understanding key vocabulary
(Geography)
Reading 2:Cuba weather
(Meteorology)

3 LIFESTYLE Life Key reading skill : Vocabulary forstudy


underground Scanningto nnd information (e.g. Marhs. History .
ReadingI:Can you imagineyour Previewing Chemistry. Business)
life withnomobilephonesor
Understanding keyvocabulary
TV?
(Ant hropology)
Reading 2:Timetable
(Management)

4 PLACES France Key readingskilt Vocabula,y for places in a


Readingfor main ideas City (e.g. mtMUrn. Ubrory.
Reading k Awortd history of Understanding key vocabulary Facto,ry monument)
maps
Previewing Vocabulary for places Ina
(History) Scanning to nnd Information country (e.g. hill.form."'1/d.
Reading 2:TheMaldives: an Reading fordetail Forest)
overview
(Geography)

5 SPORT Tai-Ch!and Key reading skill; Adjectives ro de scribe


Shaotin Usingyour knowledge to predict sports (e.g. hotd.exciting.
Reading1: Theworld's top five Ku n-gFu content expemive.difficult)
favourite sports
Understanding key vocabulary
(Sports studies) Readingfor main ideas
Reading 2:Sport in Brazil Scanning to find information
(Culturalstudies) Sc.anningto predictcontent
Re adingfor detail

6JOBS Dabbawallas K•y reading skill: Vocabulary for jobs(e.g. vet.


Reading fordetail fireman. monoges people.
Reading t Find_myjob.corn Previewing ptepares food'}
(6uslness and management) Understanding keyvocabu4a,y
Reading 2:Jobemans Scanning to nnd Information
(Business and management) Working out meaning from
context

UNLc.?CI( ltEAOINGANO WIUTINGSK'l l.lS 1


INTRODUCTION UNLc,"'>CK

CRITICAL lHINKING WRITING

Nouns and verbs • Analyze a family tree Academic writing skills;


Singularand plural nouns • Drawa family tree • Pun ct uati on
Grammar for wr;ting; Writing task type:
• The verb be Write descriptive sentences.
• Personal pronouns Writing task:
• Possessive determiners Write about somebodyinyour family.
Adjectivesand nooos • Understand a table Academic writing $kill$:
Noun phrases • Punctuation:capital letters
Grammar f0t writing-. Writingtask type:
• Subject and verb Write fact
• Prepositions Writing tosk:
• Prepositional phrases Write facts about the weather in your city.

Collocations • Answer rsonal questions about Academic writing $kill$:


Grammar for writ1'ns: routine • Spelling third person singular forms
• S ubject - verb - object • Create a timetable Writing task typo:
• Present simple Write facts.
• Timeexpr e-ssions Writingtask:
Write factsabout the lifestyle of a student In
your class.

Noun phrases withof • O<der writingby topic Academic writing skills:


Grammar for writing;. • dassify words • Spelling and punctuation: capital letters
• rhereIs/ thereore • Think of key words Writing tosk type:
• Determiners: articles Write facts.
Writing task:
Writefactsabout yourcountty.

Sports collocations • Createa ideas map Academic wd ti ng kills


Prepositions • Commas
Adject ives Writing task type-.
Grammar for writing:, Write facts.
• Sub ject - verb- adjective W ri ting tO$k:
• Subjetc- verb- adverb Write facts about a popularsport in
your country.

Adjective phrases • Complete a questionnaire Acod, mic writing skills:


Gtommor for writing: • Choose a jobbasedon • Contractions
• musr andhove ro Q\,estionnaire results Writing task type:
• Joining sentences Write sentences.
withand Writing rosk:
Write a descriptionof a job fora friend.

UNLOCK REAOING ANOWRITING Sl<ILLS l M/,POF TH E. B OO K


UNIT VIOEO READtNG VOCABULARY

7HOMESAND Building t he Key reading ski/I: Vocabulary for buildi ngs


BUILDINGS new Shanghai Usingvisuals to predict content (e.g. cinem,a library.hotel
Unden tanding key vocabulary train station )
Reading t Architect'sworld Scanning to findinformation Vocabulary for partsof
expert inrerview Readingfor detail buildings(e.g.car pork.
(Architecture) Previ-ewing stairs,exit.garden)
Reading 2: Skyscrapers Understandingdiscourse Adjectives to describe
(Arch itecture) buildings(e.g. big. modern.
o kf. vg!Y)
8FOODAND Mexican food Key readingskill: Vocabulary for food
Skimming and drink(e.g. pototoes.
CULTURE
Previewing cocooo, t yoghurt wotetj
Reading 1:Tea: A world history Unde1'$13ndingkeyvocabulary
(History) Scanning10 find information
Reading2: Tenof the best by Reading for detail
cuisine
(Hospitality management)

9THEANIMAL South African Key read ing ski//; Voc a bularyto describe
wildlife Reading for main ideas facts aboutanimals (e.g.
KINGDOM long,high weighs, habitat )
Previewing
Reading1: Variety In the animal Understandingkey vocabulary Vocabulary for animals
kingdom Read ing for detail (e.g. hormle ss.endangered.
(Zool ogy) Using yo urknowledge deadliest, nocturnoQ
Read ing2:The world's fastest Skimming
hunters Scanning to Tind information
(Zoology) Understanding discours

10 TRANSPORT Tokyo Key reading skill : Transport collocations


transport Workingout meaning from (e.g. take the bus.
Reading t TranSport survey context trove/ by cor)
(Transport and logistics)
Preveiwing
Reading 2: Transport in U ng your knowledge
Bangkok:report Skimming
(Urban planning) Scanning to find information
Understanding keyvocabulary
Readingfordetail
Understanding discourse

MAP OF THE BOO :< UNL«K R£A0


INGANOWRITING SKL
I lS 1
GRAMMAR CRITICAL THINIONG WRITING

Grammar for writing: • Compare data Academicwriting skills:


• Comparing quantities • Spelling:double consonants
• Comparativeadjectives Writing tosk type:
• Joi ning sente nces wit h Write acomparison.

""' Writ ing task:


W rite a comparisonof two buid
l ings.

Coontabte and
uncountable nouns
• 8'alnstom>
• Analyze notes
1,_,
• Spelling
• Make notes Writing task typo:
I Grammar for writing:
• Sooject-veroagreement
• Determiner>:a,°" and
Writedescriptive sentences..
Wr iting tosk:
some Write about foodin yourcountry fo r
a student website,

can and cannot • Analyze a table of facts Academicwtitingskills:


Grommot for writing. • Spelling
• Su perlative adjectives Writingtask type:
Write a descriptive paragraph.
Wr it ing task:
Write a paragraph aboutananima
l.

Quantifier> • Collect datawitha survey Academic wrir;ng skills:


Grammar for writmg-. • Ert0tco rrection
• Subject- verb- object Writing task type:
• Linking sentences with Writea paragraph.
pronouns Writing to,k:
Writea paragraph about traoSpOtt in
you,:city .

UNLOCK REAOINGANO WIU


TINGSKILLS I
YOUR GUIDE TO UNLOCK

UNLOCK UNIT STRUCTURE


The units in Unlock Reoding &Writing Skills a re ca ref ully scaffolded so that
students are take n step-by-step through the writing proces s.

UNLOCK YOUR
KNOWLEDGE
I Encourages d iscussion around the theme of the unit with inspiration
frominteresting questions and striking visuals.

LISTEN
I
WATCH AND Featuresan engaging and motivating Dis,;overy Education• video which
generates interest in the tep1c.

READING 1 I Practises the reading skills required to understand academic texts as well
as the vocabulary needed to comprehend the text itself.

READ!NG 2 I Preseots a second text which providesa different angle on the topic in a
differentgenre. It is a model textforthe writing task.

LANGUAGE I
Practises the vocabulary andgrammar from the Readings in
DEVELOPMENT preparation for the writing task.

CRITICAL I Contains brainstorming. evaluative and analytical tasks as preparation for


THINKING the writing task.

GRAMMAR I Presents and practisesgrammatical structures and features needed for


FOR WRITING the writing task.

ACADEMIC
WRITING SKILLS
I Practisesall thewritingskillsneededforthe writing task.

Uses the sk,lls and language learnt over the courseof the un,t to draft and
WRITING
•• TASK
ed,t the writing task. Requires students to produce a pieceof academic
writing. Checklists help learners to ed,t their work.
••
• OBJECTIVESI Allows students to assesshow well they have mastered the skills covered
•• REVIEW in the unit.


• WORDLIST I Includes the key vocabulary from the unit.

••
• .-This is the unit's main learning objective. It gives learners the
•• • • opportunity to use all the language and skills they have learnt in
the unit.

UNLOCK READING ANO WRITINGSKIU S l


UNLc,'>CK MOTIVATION

UNL<'.lCK YOUR KNOWLEDGE • • • • • • • • • • • • ••


Read the sentences (,--5)below and write the jobs from the box in the •

gaps. Usea dictionary to help you.

architect manager software engineer

••
nurse primaryschool teacher
I A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ m anagespeople.
2 An designs bu1ldings.

3 A looks after people in

-- - - - - - - - - - manages software.
••
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ teaches young children.



PERSONALIZE
Unlock encourages students to bring their own
knowledge. experiences and opinions to the
topics. Thismotivates students to relate the
topics to their own contexts.

Thought-provokingvideos ' ' The. vid.eo WM xe. aUent !


fromDiscovery Education· are
It l'letped. wikl-1 rru6ing sb.«w,ts'
interest in i:11e. top<(,. It WM
included in every unit throughout
well.-stmci:l.<re<i cu-.d, 1:11e. w.,,gv. e.
the course to introduce topics.
Le.vel. WM o,pproprW:e..
promote discussion and motivate
learners. The videos provide a new Maria Agata Szczerbik.
United Arab Emirates University.
angle on a wide range of academic
subjects.

''
Al•Ain, UAE

UN LOCK REAO
ING ANO WfUTING SKILLS 1
YO U R GU ID E TO UNLOCK

The.uiti.co.L
1¼1inking secli.ons

'
UNLc',>CK CRITICAL THINKING preswt; o..
Lt ore;,..
• • • • • • • • • • • BLO O M ' S TAXONOMY in o.n eng
•• o..n,l, O-GGe$Si.ble
create. invent. plan.compose,
construct.design. imagine "-'
• Shirley Norton.
• decide,rate, choose. recommend.
justify.assess. prioritize
London School of
• e><plain, contrast examine. identify,
Engli ,shUK , , ,

• Ulvestigate. categorize

• show. complete, use,classify,


examine.ilfustrare. sotve
•• compare.discuss. testat•e
• p,edlct.translate,outline
• na .describe. relate.
• find. Ust,write.teU
••


• The Critical Thinking sections in Unlock arebasedon
• • Benjamin Bloom's classification of learning objectives. This
ensures learners develop their lower·and higher-order Learners engage in evaluative and
thinking skills. ranging from demonstrating knowledge and analytical tasks that are designed to
understanding to in-depth evaluation. ensure they do all of the thinking

.
The margin headings in the Critical Thinking sections and informatk)n-gatheringrequired
highlight theel<ercises which develop Bloom's concepts. for theend-of-unit writing task.

•• CRITICAL THINKING ••••••••••




• ••••• I, ------ --. theboxtndbelow
of
UNDERSTAND
,
look At l thisunit.youw,Uwritt facts. at this unit's wti1-ing task in

I fa.cu Ulc Write 1.boul ,,'t'2thtr ln yourdty.


I
Understanda tal>le
A coble'$hows facts nt.mIt
easy to s,ee ts
s
i and sintab4e.
Oecimolnuml>et> have•!\Al s,oplnmom-f0<•'"'•·u1.7.2.7.Whenwo ,.Y
dedmol-.,w•-•hewo<dpoinr.
1.1 0t1t, poi.m. one t? Ot\t, point, se.vtn 2.7 WO se.vm

Table 3.4: Average lemper.uures and rainfall in Ula,nnbaatu, Mongolia

UNLO'CK READING ANDWRITING Sk'.lllS I


UNLc.'>CK RESEARCH
language Development sections
,.THE <:: l'vlB lDGE LE N.ERc o RPus @ : . • ,., · provide vocabulary and grammar
The Cambridge Learner Corpus isa bank of official building tasks that arefurther practised
Cambridge English exam papers. Our exclusive access t t
in the <,? Workbook.
means we can use the corpus to carry out unique research The glossary and end-of-unit wordlists
and identify the most common errors learners make.That provide definitions, pronunciation
information is used to ensure theUnlock syllabus teaches and handy summaries of all the key
the most relevant language. vocabulary.
...
••
•• •
PIOPl.l

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT •••••••••••••• •••••


Nounsand verb,
W«ds:fo, pfOpte. pb(esor things areWotdsforstatesor actlon$
"""'-Senronce,"-venooos ¥ld...t,s,
nouns: Tom i6 o. cloetcr. Ht- ti.vu U'I Ht.w Yori:. Ht. ti#ts m Ao
verbs: Tom UJ. Cl d.oc,tor, He l.iNe6 111 Ntw Yort. Ke we.ts "' hospiu.l..

1 Re3d thesentence-s 0-7)andwrite thebold wordsintMcorrect pfa.ce-s in


lhetobte b<low.

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ••


The verbbe
The Yed>be ho$ lh<ee (Offll$4n!he Pr. ,,
,lmple 1ense:om.Is. Alu,,1. wo or•. •••
useom At'teryot,. « they.weuse .Aft« M. sheO(if,weuseu..
,,...o.s .
••
You o.rc. o. st«d.c.ht.. We o.n. .
.N.'l'iko i6 o. st« . Sl1e. i6 o. -
,-,,i...
n.cg a.re. d..e.htd.
bo)<tr. S..U.,,16,.fu..u. Mesi
5i6w o. t..
. .i.oa...
•••
16 ._ ""9 ells, 1i 16 ._ "9 fA,,,,, lk6 ....,..16T..,., •
••
M<>.ri.i:,. """' ....,1;,.i. . ,. Th'tl ... , f;,.ii,;,.

1 Read thetexts{A ind 8) ind write om.;s or (J(tIn the gaps. •


-,,.!::".. . -"', ,,, ,. - -
ACAD IC LANGUAGE· · · _
Unique research using the Cambridge English Corpus The grammar syllabus is carefully
has been carried out intoacademic language. in order designed to help learners become good
to provide learners with relevan,tacademic vocabulary writers of English. There isa strong
from the start (CEFR Al and above). Thisaddresses a gap focuson sentence structure. word
in current academic vocabulary mapping and ensures agreement and referencing. which are
learners are presented with carefully selected words they important for coherent and organized
will find essential during their studies. academic writing.

' ' The. 0-9e.d.evelopmem deo.r IAl1d. the. stro119 lex .foc«s posw.ve.
o.s IM.rner-s M th mru:e. mo,-e. progress when th l.eo.rn more. voco.bf.< .
Colleen Wackrow ,
Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University. Al-Riyadh. Kingdom of SaudiArabia, ,

UNLOCK R£AOINGANOWRITINGSKlllS l
YOUR GUIDE TO UNLOCK

UNLc.'>CK SOLUTIONS

UNLe',>CK ONLINE WORKBOOKS


Unlock is available in a range of print The <., J Workbooks are
and digital components, so teachers accessed via activation codes
can mix and match according to their packaged with the Student's
requirements. Books. These easy-to-use
workbooks provide interactive
l.£AANING MANJ',GEM(N1'.SYSTEM exercises. games. tasks.and
-• -·· ,. .. - · --'
further practice of the language

---
-- Uf,IO(a. ,.,. .... ,
o...
°"""- •ou.,_IOlt
•W..O$Ullt\ <1- -
and skills from the Student's
Books in the Cambridge LMS.an
engaging and modern learning

- - - --
environment.

·-· UNLOCK • •
............._..,_...
'""""1 CV'rlo-.•\ '-'•0

'1. •
_ • 1
',
·-
..
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (LMS)
The Cambridge LMS provides
teachers with theability to
............-.....- .".'.!:!f•= = = :::,,-· - -
track learner progress and
save valuable time thanks to
automated marking functionality.
Biogs, forums and other toots
arealso available to facilitate
communication between
students and teachers.

UNLOCK EBOOKS
The Unlock Student's
Books and Teacher's
Books are also available
as interactive eBooks.
With answers and
Discevery Educotion
vi<leos embedded.
the eBooks provide a
great alternative to the
printed mater ials .
- - = "'""'

U N Lt'l( "JC REAOING ANO WRITING SKILLS I


COURSE COMPONENTS
• Each level of Unlock consists of two Student's Books: Reading & Writing and Listening &
Speaking and an accompanying Teacher's Sook for each.Online Workbooks are packaged
with each Students Sook.
• Look out for the O6 symbols in the Student"s Books which indicate that additional
practice of that skill or language area isavailable in theOnline Workbook.
• Every Unlock Student's Book isdelivered both in print format and asan interactive eBook
for tablet devices.
• The Unlock Teacher's Books contain additional writing tasks. tests. teaching tips and research
projects for students.
• Presentation Plus software for interactive whiteboards is available for allStudent"s Books.

READING
,
UNL<...,CK
-- - --

... --
UNL 'CK UN L ' CK
I • 2
AND ' 3

WRITING

Student"s Book and Online


978•1-107·61l99·7 978·1-107-61400•0 978+107•61526•7 978·1-107•61525·0
Worl<book Pack•
Teachec·s Book with ovo• 978-1-107•61401•7 978-1-107•61403·1 978-1-107•6\404·8 978-1-107•61409·3
Pre-sentation Plus(Interactive
whiteboard software} 978-1-107•63800·6 978·H07·6S60S·5 978-1-107-67624•4 978+107-68245-0

*eBoo k available from www.cambridge.rog/unlo


ck

{
LISTENING UN C!(
I
AND
SPEAKING

Student's Book andOnline


978•1-107-67810•1 978•1-107•68232-0 978·1-107-68728·8 978•1-107•63461•9
Workbook Pack'
Teacher's Book with DVD' 978-1-107•66211•7 978•1·107-64280·5 978+107•68154·5 978+107•6S0S2•7
Presentation Plus(interactive
whiteboard software! 978·1-107·66424-1 978·1-l07·69S82·S 978-1-107·63543·2 978•1-107•64381·9

*eBookavailablefrom www.cambridge.org/unlock

The complete course audio is available from "


www.cambridge.org/unlock

UNLOCK R.EAOING ANO WAJTING S101.LS 1


--

Watch and understand a video about people and


their jobs

Reading skills Preview a text

Academic writing skills Use capital letters and fullstops in sentences

Writing task Write descriptive sentences

14 UN I T1
UNLc.'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions below.
l What is your full name?
2 Where do you live?
3 Do you have a job? What do you do?
4 Do you study? What do you study?
5 What do you do in your free time?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Match the places (1-6) to the correct countries (a-f).
UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY 1 New Delhi a Italy
2 New York b South Africa
3 The Cape Peninsula c United St at es _
4 Cairo d Mexico
5 Milan e India
6 Mexico City f Egypt

WHILE WATCHING
LISTENING FOR KEY
2 0You are going to watch a video about people around the world.
Watch and complete the table with theinformationyouhear.
INFORMATION
name job place

Amarel New York,


Unit ed States

Sebastian He is an art ist.

Angela M ilan, Italy

Yasmine She wo rks for a


m agazine.

David The Cape Penin sula,


South Africa

Geeta She plans


weddings.

l'" WATCH ANOLISTEN UNL«X IU:At>N


I G ANDWI\ITINGSKIU.S I
PEOPLE UN I T I

l O Watch the video again. Complete the sentences below with thecorrect
adjectives from the box.

beautiful different interesting famous

The people in the video do jobs.


2 Sebastian is a Mexican artist.
3 Angela makes clothes.
4 The people in the video allhave _ _ _ _ _ _ _ lives.

DISCUSSION
4 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 Which person in the video has the most interesting job?
2 What job would you like to do in the future?
3 Where would you like to live in the future?

UNLOCIC I\EAOING ANDWRITINGSKIU.S 1 WATCH ANOLISTEN 17


READING 1

P_R_E_V-IE-W-IN_G
I PREPARING TO READ
_, 1 Look at the text.Circle the correct answers to the questions below.
1 What is the text about?
a a sport b a young man c a family
2 Where is the text from?
c awebpa.ge

UNDERSTANDING
I a a book b a magazine
2 Read the sentences (1-4 ) below and write the words from thebox in
the gaps.
KEY VOCABULARY

languages city birth <country

1 Lo nd on is a very big _
2 I speak three : Turkish, Arabic and English.
3 M orocco is a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in No rt h Afr ica.
4 My date of is 7Jul y 1993.

WHILE READING
3 Read the text and write the words from the box in the gaps (1-4).
SKIMMING

SCANNING TO FIND
INFORMATION
I My hobbies and interests My address My life

4 Read the text again. Circle the correct words to make true sentences.
1 Amir is from Pakistan/ the United Kingdom.
Myfamily

2 Amir's brothe r is a boxer/ racing car driver.


") UHL«IC 3 Amir's hobbies are gaming and swimming/ swimming and football.
(;. ONLINE 4 Muhammad Ali is Amir's favourite sportsman/ teacher.
5 Falak is Amir's sister/ mother.
6 Shah is Amir's brother/ father.
7 Amir's address is info @amirsfans.co.uk / amirsfans@info.co.uk
8 His favourite football team isManchester City/ Bolton Wanderers.

5 Read the summary below and circle the correct words.

Amir Khan is a< 1> boxer / tiocher. He is from <1> Bohon / Manchester
in the United Kingdom. His date of binh is 8 December
(ll 1986 / 1996. His brothers' name is <•> Horoon / Shah.

His father is (s) Muhammad Ali / Shah Khan.

• REAOING I UNL« K REAOING ANO WRITIN G StCI L L S 1


PEOPLE UNIT I

DISCUSSION
6 Wo rk with apartner. Ask and answer the q uestio ns (1-6) below.
1 What is your name?
2 Where are you from?
3 What is your date of birth?
4 What are your brothers' and sisters' names?
5 What languages do you speak?
6 How tall are you?

Friendfile
MY PROFILE
Amir Khan
(My personal information )
First name: Amir
Last name: Khan
Date of birth: 8 December 1986
City: Bolton
Country: United Kingdom
Languages: English, Urdu, Punjabi
Job: Boxer

1
Email: info@amirs fans.co.uk
[4
(2 ) I'm Amir Khan. My mother and
father are from Pakistan. I speak
Mother: Falak
three languages: English, Urdu and
Father: Shah
Punjabi. I am a boxer. I have won
Brother: Haroon
many boxing matches. My brother's
[ 3 l name is Haroon. He is a boxer
too. I like reading, swimming and
Hobbies: swimming, football watching football.
Favourite football club:
Bolton Wanderers
Favourite sportsman:
Muhammad Ali
UNL-OCK REAOING AN O W R.ITING SKIL LS 1 READINGl • 1
READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Look at the text. Circle the co rrect options (a-c).
PREVIEWING
1 The photo is of
a a typical man. b an unusual man. c an English man.
2 The text is about
a a racing car d river. b a boxer. c a very tall man.
3 The text is from
a a book. b a magazine. c a web page.

Previewing
Previewing means looking atatextbefore youread it. When we preview atext,
welook at the textand think about thequestions below.
• Are there photographs?
• Whatis in the photographs?
• What Isthe titleof the text?
• Where 1s the text from?(abook? amagazine? a web page?)
I
2 Check the meaning of the bold words in the sentences{1-6) below. Use
UNDERSTANDING
the glossary on page194 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
1 My siste r is188 cm . She isvery ta ll1
2 My brother is a student. He livesin Londo n.
3 My father is a teacher. He works in a school.
4 Meltem loves clothes and shoe s.
S Chaiwat's height is169 cm.
6 Khalid's father is a fa rmer.

1 READING 2 UNLt>CKRE.AOING ANOWllfllNG SK1lLS 1


UNUSUAL PEOPLE: CHAPTER 8 - TALLEST AND SMALLEST

A VERY tall man!


Sultan Kosen is from Turkey. He lives in Mardin in Turkey.
Helives with his family. Sultan lives with his mother, his
three brothers and his sister.

Sultan is a typical farmer. His hobby is watching 1V. He is


interested in music. His height is unusual. He is 251 cm
tall - that is very tall. Sultan is the tallest man in the world.
Hismother, brothers and sister are normal height.

Sultan works on the farm. Hehas a tractor. Hislife is not


easy. People look at him in the street. Normal clothes and
shoes are too small. His clothes and shoes are very big.

Sultan speaks Turkish and English. He went to London,


Paris and Madrid in Europe in 2010. He went to New
York, Chicago and Los Angeles in America in 2011.

UNL«K READING ANOWRmNG SKILLS 1


SCANNING TO FIND WHILE READING
INFORMATION 3 Read the text and circle the correct words in the profile below.

UNUSUAL PEOPLE - PROFILE


Rrst name:< 1> Sultan I Kosen
Last name: t21Sultan I Kosen
Country: CJl Turkey I America
City: c•> Mardin I New York
Date of birth: t'll 1982 I 2011
Family: (613 sisters and 1 brother I 1 sister and 3 brothers
: 210 cm1251 cm
Heightm

? UHWO<
(.. ONLINE 4 Read the text again. Write the correct words from the text in the gaps.
1 Sultan Kosen from Turkey
.
2 He in Mardin in Turkey.
3 He lives with his _
4 Sultan a typical farmer.
S His hobby watching TV.
6 Sultan Turkish andEnglish.

DISCUSSION
5 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (1- 3) below.
1 Where do you live'

2 Is it a nice place to live? Why?/ Why not?

3 Who do you livewith?

READING } UNLOCK R.EAOINGANOWA.ITINGSKl1.1..$ 1


PEOPLE 0N1!,

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Nouns and verbs


Words for people, places or things are nouns. Words for states or actions are
verbs.Sentences have nouns and verbs.
nouns: Tom i-s o.d.octor. He, w,es i.n New York. He. works i.n o. hospi.tdl,.
verbs: Tom i-5 o. d.oc.tor. He. w,es i.n New York. He. works i.n o. hospi.tdl,.

1 Read the sentences (1- 7)and write the bold words in the correct places in
the table below.
1 Marika Diana is from Italy.
2 Sultan Kosen lives on a farm.
3 My brother is a student.
4 Faisa'sl mother works in London.
S London is a big city.
6 Amir Khan is a boxer.
7 Sultan's clothes and shoes are very big.

nouns verbs

Singular and plural nouns


Nouns are singular or plural. Singular means one.Plural means more than one.
We use -s at the end of plural nouns.
singular nouns: R hM o. brotne.r. H s brothe,r 1:6 o. boxe.r.
plural nouns:£n9i.n hM two brothe.rs. Hi-5 brotne.rs o.re, boxe.rs.

2 Read the sentences (1- 5)and circle the correct words.


1 My mother has four sister/ sisters.
2 I have only one pen/ pens.
3 My father has a car/ cars.
4 We have two house/ houses.
S They have five car / co t s.

UNLc:>oC READINGANDWRITN
I GSKILLS I LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT .
3 Read the sentences (1-6) and write the words from the box in the gaps.

teachers lives speaks Rome brothers is

l Hamdan _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ from Dubai.


2 Eriko and Tomoko are _ _ _ _ ___ _ . They work in a big
school.
3 She _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ two languages: Arabic and English.
4 I live with my sister and my three _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
5 My grandfather _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in Istanbul.
6 Marika Diana lives in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

FAMILY VOCABULARY
4 Write the words from the box in the correct places in the table below.

grandfather uncle brother mother daughter

male female
(1)
grandmother
(l)
father
(l)
son
t•l
sister

(I)
aunt

CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit, you will write descriptive sentences. Look at this
unit's writing task in the box below.

Write about somebody in your family.

, CRITICAL THINKING UNLOCK REAOING AN C> WIUT1NG $KILLS 1


PEOPLE L. N I- ·

A family tree
A family tree shows the relationsih
ps in a family.

Khalifa Laila

r I

Alia Aysha

I
Abdullah

1 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions (1-8) about the
UNDERSTAND
family tree.
1 Who is Samira's brother?
2 Who isFatima's mother?
3 Who is Ahmed's grandmother?
4 Who are Abdullah's aunts?
5 Who are Khalifa's daughters?
6 Who is Aysha's son?
7 Who is Mouza's grandfather?
8 Who are Khaled's sisters?

2 Draw your family tree.


CREATE

3 Work with a partne.r Ask and answer questions like the questions in
Exercise 1about your family trees.

UNL()( K READING AN O WA-ITING Sl<IU. S l CRITICAL THINKING . "-


WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• The verb be
The verb be has three forms in the Present simple tense: am, is, are.After /, we
use am. After you. weor they, we use are.After he,she or it,we use is.
I CUY1 swcle.nt.
Yo1.< <U"e. swcle.nt.. We. <U"e. swcle.nts. The.\j <U"e. swcle.nt.s.
J1.<nl:o i,s swd,e.nt.. She. i,s swcle.nt. M!I si-ste.r i,s swcle.nt.
Ami,r i,s boxer. S1.<l.tan i,s f=e.r. M!j 9ro..nd,fiune.r i,s d.oc.t-Or.
Lond,on i,s big ci¾- It i,s big f<U'm. H s nCUYle. i,s Tom.
Ange.14. o..nd, Otf:.cl,vw <U"e. ll;Q..(.i,o..n. The.\j <U"e. lto..l.iAn.

1 Read the texts (A and B) and write am,is or are in the gaps.

M!j nCUYle. co_ _ _ HCUYIM n. I c,i _


from At Ai,n. I Cl>_ _ _ 1 . At Ai,n <•>_ _ _
i,n the. Llni-te.<l Ar £mi,r s. M!j brotl1e.r's
n CU\'le. csi_ _ _ F - He. < > _
otd,e.r. He. Ol 2.<>. M!j f iun e.r's nCUYle.
ci1_ _ _ A.

;
1f1J Min Lee.tfZJ from Busan.
Busan (JJ inSouth Korea. Ilive with
mJ mother, my father anJ"')'sister.MJ mother
anJ father f•J _________ from Seoul.MJ sister
(sJ HaniS. her,J_ _ _ 1 7S.h e
(1J_ _ _ a stutlent. Herhohhic.s /aJ _

swimmin3 anJ watdti113 rv.

!h WRITING UNLQCK REAOINGAN OW ITIN G SKILLS I


PEOPLE UNll I

Personal pronouns
We use personal pronouns before a verb. Personal pronouns are I.you, he.she,it,
we and they.The pronouns he. she. it, and they can also replace nouns.
I IA.Ill Min Lu.
Fo..iscu. i,s 2.b. He. i,s Z.<:.. [He = Faisal]
Ho..n i-s sw<le.nt. She. i-s swd,e,nt. [She = Hani]
S14so..n i,s i.n So14tl1 Kor . It s UC!! i.n So«tl1 Kor .
[It= Busan]
We, ue. from AL Ai.I'\.
Mi.I'\ o..nci Ho..n ue. from S14so..n. Th ue. from Sl4so..n.
[They = Min and Hani]
") UNL<>O(
2 W rite the words from the box in the correct places in the tab le below. (, ON LINE

grandfather mother sons brother aunts


daughter father uncles sisters

she

he

they

3 Read the sentences{1-4 ) below and write the words from the box in
the gaps.

He She It They

1 My siste r is very ta ll ________________ is175cm.


2 My family is Egyp tian . a re from Cairo.
3 My uncle like s swimming. swims every day.
4 Paris is in France. is a big c ity.

UNL«K REAOING ANO WRITING SKILLS I \'1/RITING •


Possessive determiners
Possessive determiners are my.your.his, her. its, our and their. We use possessive
determiners before a noun.
M!j f(l,l'/li¼ s from lonGlon. M!j s fo,.mov.s for i.ts v.n vers it\j.
Your scl1ooL s Ale xo..nd.riA... Ov.r v.nci,e. i6 Dv.bo..i-.
Hi6 f(l,l'/li¼ i6 from Po.J:i6 w.n. Thw si6te.r i6 o.. tu.clier.
Her f er s fr om Rome..

4 Read the sentences (1-S) below and write the words from the box in
the gaps.

My Her His Our Their

1 I have two sisters _______________ names are Frances and Celia.


2 Jenny Fielding is from Londo n. fat her's name is David.
3 We go to school in Barcelona. school is very big.
4 I have a brother and a sister. sister's name is Aysha.
5 Amir Khan is from Bolton. mother is from Pakistan.

ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

Punctuation
The first word in a sentence begins with a copital letter(A. B,CJ. A sentence ends
with a fullstop(.).
TeMhers work scllooLs.
For some words. the first letter is always a capital letter.
names of people:M!j brot11er's Mme. i6 Orl1o.n.
names of places: lsto..nb«L i6 o.. b¼J c.i.f:!j i.n Tv.rkeg.
the pronoun I: I 110..ve. two si-61:us.

1 Put the words in order to make sentences.


1 Zhong Shan/ My grandfather/ is/ .

2 is/ He/ 59/.


3 a doctor/ He/si /. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
4 is from/ He/ Hong Kong/ .

5 two daughters/ He/ has/.

6 my mother and father / lives with / He/ .

- \ 'f RI TING UNL«K READING ANO WRJT1NG SKILLS 1


PEOPLE UN TI

2 Correct the punctuation in the sentences (1-10) belo w. Add capital letters
and full stops.
1 my name is mohammed
2 i am from kuwait
3 iam19
4 my father'sname is asif
5 he is a teacher
6 he has two sons
7 my brother's name is faran

8 faran is a doctor

9 helives in canada

0 faran's hobbies are swimming and watching TV

wRITIN G TASK
") UNL<:>CI(
(;. ONLINE
Write about somebody in your family.
1 Look at the family tree you drew in the Critical Thinking section.
I
PLAN
Choose somebody from your family tree to write about.

2 Write a profile for the person.

1 First name

2 Last name

3 Date of birth

4 City

5 Country

6 Languages

7 Job

8 Family

UN:L« K REAOINGANDWRITINGSKILLS 1 WRITING


WRITE A FIRST 3 Write sentences about the person. Use the words in the table below to
DRAFT help you.

A I B C

My brother's name is Ahmad.


My uncle's name are Tomoko.
My aunt's name a doctor.
His family astudent.
Her family from Cairo.
My family from Bangkok.
She 22.
He 35.
They 49.
We
my uncle.
liveswith
my mother and father.

Turkish.
speaks English.
Arabic and English.

EDIT 4 Use the task checklist to review your sentences.

TASK CHECKLIST

Does the nrst word in your sentences begin with acapital letter?

Do your sentences have full stops?

Do people's name and places have capital letters?

Are the personal pronouns he and she before the verb is?

Are the personal pronouns we and rhey before the verb are?

Are the possessive determiners (my, his, her)before a noun


(brother , sister, uncle)?

S Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

WRITt N G UNLOCK AEAOING ANO WIUTtN G $Kil.I.$ 1


PEOPLE UN:l I

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
6 Check yourobjectives.

I can ...
watch and understand a
video about people and very not very
their jobs well well

preview a text very not very


well well

use capital letters and


very not very
full stops in sentences
well well

write descriptive
very not very
sentences
well well

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
aunt (n) farmer (n) son (n)
beautiful (adj) grandfather (n) tall (adj)
brother (n) grandmother (n) teacher (n)
clothes (n) height (n) uncle (n)
daughter (n) interesting (adj) work (v)
different (adj) live (v) young (adj)
famous (adj) shoe (n)

UNLOCK READING ANO WRITING SKtllS 1 WRITING


,, ,
.....I Watch and understand a video about a blizzard
- r· .
I Reading skills Scan a text to find information
llll1'

I
Academ
· i,c writing skilll s Use capital letters in words and sentences
1111
I
Writing task Write facts
1111
. ( ' . •.
.
· • i&-•'.
. .... .

'
UNL<.?CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Work with a partner. Look at the words for seasons in the bo x and
answer the questions below.

spring summer autumn winter


the dry season the monsoon season

1 Which seasons do you have in your country?


2 Which isyour favourite season? Why?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 You aregoingto watch a video about weather. Before you wat,ch match
UNDERSTANDING
the words in the box to the correct photographs (1-3).
KEY VOCABULARY

a snowstorm snow a snowflake

·I
I

WHILE WATCHING
USING VISUALS TO 2 0 Watch the first part of a videoabout weather and circle the correct
option (a-<).
PREDICT CONTENT
A blizzard is a kind of
a forest
b storm
c mountain

l4 WATCH ANOUiTEN UNL«K REA01NGANOWRITINGS.KtllS 1


SEASONS UN IT 2

3 Write the words from the box in the gaps.


UNDERSTANDING
DETAIL
close winds see tall dangerous snow cold forests
1 The air is
2 There are mountains and thick
3There is a lot of - 15metres!
4 A blizzard is a snowstorm with strong
5A blinard is
6Many roads _
7Drivers can't _

40 Watch the first part of the video again and check your answers.

50 Watch the next part of the videoand write true (T) or false (F) next to
the statements (1-6) below.
1 The big white cloud is a blizzard.
2 There is a lot of snow in the mountains and forests.
3 The man's car is not very good.
4 The car stops neara city.
5 The man eats apples in the car.
6 A policeman finds the man.

DISCUSSION
6 Work with a partner. Use the information in Exercise 5 to answer the
questions.

questions student A student B

I Can you describe the weather in Ask Answer


the northwest United States?

What's a blizzard? Answer Ask


Is it dangerous?

UNLOCK READING ANDWR.fTING SKILLS I WATCHANDUSTEN 'i


READING 1

PREPARING TO READ
1 Loo k at the words in bold and match sentences CT-4) to sentences (a- d).
UNDERSTANDING
Use the glossary on page194 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
1 Two plus two is four. a It is not difficult.
2 Sara is happy. b It is warm in summe r.
3 '2 + 2 = 4·is easy. c She is not sad.
4 Canada is cold in winter. d Two minus two is zero.

2 Match the words (1- 7) to the correct numbers (a- g).

1 twe nty-o ne a 55
2 eleven b 18
3 eighteen c 2012
4 fifty-five d 42
5 forty-two e 21
6 two thousand and twelve f 11
7 fifty g 50

3 Look at the graph , photographs and headings in the text on the opposite
PREVIEWING
page and write true (T) or false (F) next to the statements (1-4 ) belo w.
1 Yakutsk is a cit y.
2 Winter is very cold in Yakutsk.
3 Summer is very cold in Yakutsk .
4 Svetlana has a cafe in Moscow.

4 Look at the graph . Translate Average temperatures in Yakutsk into your


language.
Trans la t ion : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

5 Use the glossary on page194 to check your translation.

WHILE READING
6 Match the facts (1-6) to the correct numbers (a- f).
SCANNING TO
FIND INFORMATION 1 the average temperature in summer a -42 ·c
2 the writer went to Yakutsk b 2012
') UNLOCK
(;. ON LIN E 3 the average temperature in winter C 5
4 Daria's age d - 55' C
5 the temperature when kindergartens and schools are closed e +20 ·c
6 the average temperature in spring and autumn f - 21·c

UN LCC:K REAOIN G AN O WRITIN G SKILLS I


SEASONS UNIT 2

Scanning to find information


Scanning means looking for information. When we scan.we do not read every
word in a text. We can scan for:
• numbers
• names of people
• names of places.
Look for capital letters to find people and places. I

TheColdest City in the World


+:We
+ 2Wc •
.
: ,,,,.,., ......_
'•
+10'c • ,/: "-- ·
0-c ·-······••
·i---·;·/- - ·· ·- - -·-·;
·10'c
· 2 0c'
: / j '"' !
•-
·--
/ '.• ·
•30'c
,j
- 4 0-c '--- w•i-nter- s-pr-fng- - s-umm
- - er - : - au- tum- n
Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May: Jun Jul Aug: S6p Del NIW :
Averagetemperatures In Yakutsk
,,,..,,,.(December - November) 'Theaverage temperature in winter is-42' C.
Some winters arecolder. At -SO' C, the
kindergarten isclosed. Daria ishappy. At -SS ·c,
The temperature in your free7,er isabout thekindergarten and theschool areclosed. Daria
-18' C. Yakutsk in Russia iscolder than your and Pavel are happy,Svetlana says.
freezer.In winter,theaverage temperature is People in Yakutsk likesport. In springand
-42 ' C! autumn, theaverage temperature is -21 ' C. They
In 2012, I visited Yakutsk. Why? Because I goskiing and ice-skating. In summer, it is warm.
wanted tosee thecoldestcity in the world. I Theaverage temperature is+20·c.They have
wanted to meet the peopleof Yakutsk. picnics in theforests.
'Life isdifficult in winter:says
Svetlana, 'but were not sad:
Svetlana isthe manager of a
cafe in Yakutsk. She has two
children. Her son Pavel is 11.
Her daughter Daria isS.

- ...

Svetlana has awantr


cate in a,._old city.
UNLOCK REAOING ANO WRITING Sl(ILLS 1 READING1 }i
DISCUSSION
7 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (1-4) below.
1 Is life easy in Yakutsk?
2 Is winter cold in your country?
3 How hot is the summer in your country?
4 Do you like hot summers or cold winters? Why?

READING 2

I PREPARING TO READ
- P-_R_EVI- EW-I N_G _. 1 Look at the texts. Circle the correct answers (a-c) to the questions (1-3).
1 Wh ere are the texts from?
a a book b a magazine c a web page
2 Which text is about the weather in Cuba now?
a Text A b Text B c Text C
3 Which texts are about typical weather in Cuba?
a Texts A and B b Texts Band C c Texts A and C

2 Read the sentences (1-4) below and write the words from the box in
UNDERSTANDING
the gaps.
KEY VOCABULARY
wind speed rainfall climate temperature

1 Use degrees centigrade ( C) to talk about


0
_
2 Use kilometresper hour (kph) to talk about _ _ _ _ _ _
3 Use mill imetres (mm) to talk about _
4 Use seasons to talk about _

3Write the words from the box in the gaps in Text B opposit e. Use the
wordlist on page194 to help you.

windy sunny rainy cloudy

- READING 2 UNLOCK REAOINGANO WRITING SKllt S I


SEASONS UNIT l

a WWW.CUBAWEATHER.ORG

CUBA WEATHER HOME J WEATHER J CUBAN CLIMATE WEATHER AVERAGES

Cuba is in the Caribbean.The climate in Cuba is good. It has


two seasons: the dry season and the rainy season.The dry
season and the rainy season last for six months.
The dry season is from November to April.The average
temperatures are between 22·c and 25 •c in the dry
season.The average rainfall is 62 mm in the dry season.It is
windy in the dry seaso n.
The rainy season is from May to October.In the rainy seaso n,
the average temperatures are between 26 ·c and 28 •c .
The average rainfall in the rainy season is 146 mm.
The best time to visit Cuba is April or May.

m WW W . CU BAW EATH ER.ORG

CUBA WEATHER HOME J WEATHER J CUBAN CLIMATE J WEATHER AVERAGES


TOOAY J TO MOI\ I\OW J S DAY J MONTHLY

TODAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESOAY THURSDAY

8 e, ••
(I) cloudy and (l) sunny
sunny and
(I) and cloudy ( 4)

rt WWW.CUBAWEATHER.ORG

CUBA WEATHER HOME I WEATHER J CUBAN CLIMATE I WEATHER AVERAGES


S EASON VERAGE AVERAGE RAINFAL' AVERAGE WINO
(MONTHS) TEI" PERATURE C (MM) SPEED (KPH)

Dry (Nov-Apr) 62mm 8 kph


Rainy (May- Oct) 146mm IS kph

UNL«K R.£AOING ANOWfUTING SK:ll,t.S 1 READING 2 , _, ;


WHILE READING
4 Match the facts (1--8) to the correct words and numbers (a- h).
SCANNING TO
FIND INFORMATION 1 average temperatures•( C) in the dry season a lS
2 months in the rainy season b 31
,")uHL«lC
Y ONLINE 3 average rainfall(mm) in the dry season c 22- 25
r
4 temperature C) on Thursday d 146
5 months in the dry season e November to April
6 average wind speed(kph) in the rainy season f 62
7 average rainfall (mm) in the rainy season g 26-28
r
8 average temperatures C) in the rainy season h May to October

DISCUSSION
S Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions b elow.
1 Is the climate in Cuba good?
2 What are the seasons in Cuba?
3 Is the climate in your country good?
4 What are the seasons in your country?
5 Where can you find facts about climate in your country?

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Adjectives and nouns


Words for people.places or things are nouns. Words that describe people, places
and things are ad jectives. Adjectives can describe states (e.g. the weather).
The mo..n i,s f;o..1.1.. The room i,s c.ol<L. The cli.!Ylo..te. i,s good..
It, i,s hot,. It, i,s ®1.<<4!. It, i,s w.nn!j.

") UNL« K
(,, ONLINE 1 Circle the adjectives and underline the nouns in the sentences (1-S)
below .
1 The cafois warm.
2 Life is difficult.
3 The climate is good.
4 Summers are hot.
5 Wintersare cold.

L,\N GU,\GE 0f.VELOPM[NT UNl<XK REAOINGANOWfUTINGSl<lllS 1


SEASONS u, · JI I ;

2 Read the sentences (1- 5)below and write the words from the box in
the gaps.

weather is brother are sunny

1 The school closed.


2 The children happy.
3 It is warm and today.
4 The is coldin Yakutsk.
S My is young.

• Noun phrases
One type of noun phrase is an adjective • anoun.
noun phrases: He. i.s o.. WI. mo..n. Thi.s i,s o.. GOt.ci room. Spcti.n 11M o.. 9ood.
c.umcu:e. Eg!:jpt 11M d.r!:j we.o..tl1er. The. o..ver e. ro.i.!\foJL i..s 2. mm.

3 Make a noun phrase from the bold words in each sentence (1-4) and write
it in the gaps to make a new sentence.
1 Svetl ana's cafe is warm.
Svetlana hasa _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _
2 Lif e is difficult in winter.
People havea in
winter.
3 In Cuba, the climate is good.
Cubahas_a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
4 Summers are warm in Mongolia.
Mongo l ia has _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___

4 Work with apartner. Correct the mistakesin the sentences (1-5) below.
1 Cuba has aclimate good.

2 I have a family happy.

3 In summer, we have weather good.

4 The season is dry is fromJune to November.

5 The rainfall is average is 78 mm in spring.

UNLOCK A..EAOING ANO WRITINGSKILI.S l l ANGU,,r, r 0£VHOPM(NT ,


CRITICAL THINKING
UNDERSTAND At the end of this unit, you will write facts. Look at this unit's writing task in
- - - - - - - - the box below.

II w,;,. lie•,bom '" -m in yow ci<y.

Understand a table
A table shows facts and numbers. It is easy to see facts andnumbers in a table.
Decimal numbers have a full stop in them - for example,1.1, 1.7, 2.7. When we say
decimal numbers, we use the word point.
1.1 one. poi.nt one. 1.7 one. poi..nt se.ve.n 2.7 two poi.nt se.ve.n

Average temperatures and rainfall in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

month a\'ernge temperatures ('C) a\'cragc rainfall (mm)


January -22 1.1
February -16 1.7
March -7 2.7
April +2 8.3
May +10 13
June +15 42
July +19 58
August +18 52
September +8 26
October 0 6.4
November - 11 3.2
December -19 2.5

RUSSIAN FEDERATION ./

"'t
/', ULAANBAATARo
MONGOLIA

CH I N A

. CRITICAL THINKING UHLOCIC REAOING ANO WRITINGSKIU S I


SEASONS UN' I )

1 Work with a partne.rLookat the table. Ask and answer the questions
(1-5) belo w.
1 Is it rainy in February?
2 Is it dry in August?
3 Is it cold in April?
4 Is i t cold in October?
5 Is summer rainy or dry?
2 Read the text below and write information from the table in the gaps.
APPLY

The. ww.tner Ln IA boow


tALM..nbo..o..w.r s c,i _
fov.r su sons . The, Se4.Sons w
(I.Ye, f;e.r, s pr g, sv.mme,r o..nd.
o..v.wmn.
WLl'!f;e.r s from Dece,mbe.r to f e,brv.(I.Y·!:I W ws (I.Ye, c.old.
LI'! IALM..nbo..o..w.r. The. o..ve.ro..ge, tw>pe.ro..wre.s (I.Ye, from
C<l •c to - 2.2. •c. InW Ll'IW , t11e, o..ve.ro..ge.
O> fr om
s <•> mm to
2..5 mm.
Sv.mme.r from Jv.ne. to Av.gv.st. Sv.mme.rs (I.Ye, W(I.Ym m
tALM..nbo..o..w.r. In sv.mme.r, tne. o..ve.ro..ge, <sl _
(I.Ye, from +15 •c to < l •
c. It $ VU!:j
rO-.Ll'l!:I m sv.mme.r. The. m rO-.Ll'lflUL from
<•> mm to 5S mm.

UNLOCK READING ANDWRITING SKILLS I


WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• Subject and verb


A sentence is about a subject.The subject is a pronoun,a noun or a noun phrase.
pronoun: I ftom BeiJi.ng. S11e. i,s o.. stv.cle.nl;. II; i,s s«nn!j.
noun: M!j fcl»ie.r i,s ol<t. Ycu:ul;sl: i,s i,n Russi4.. The, wuthe.r i,s col<t.
noun phrase: The. o..ve.rCl.ge. ro..i.n i,s 2.1 mm. T!jpi.co..l. l;unCl.9e.rS o..re.
stv.cle.nf;.s.
The verb is after the subject in a sentence.
I ftom Baji.ng. She, i,s o.. stv.cle.nl:,. II; i,s sunn!j.
M!j .f<U:l-le.r ih ol<t. Ycu:ul;sl: i,s in Russi4.. The. wuthe.r i-5 col<t.
The. o..ve.rCl.ge. ro..i.n.fo..U. i,s 2.1 mm. T!jpi.co..l. i;e,e,nCl.ge.rS o..re. stv.cle.nl:,s.
") UHL«lC
ONLIN E 1 Match the sentence halves.
l Svetlana a is15 kph.
2 Jakarta b are from Cuba.
3 The average wind speed c are closed.
4 The schools d is a manager.
5 Alberto and Ana-Maria e is a big city.

Prepositions
lhe words at,in, from and to are examples of prepositions.

2 Read the sentences (1- 5)below and write the preposit io ns from the box
in the gaps.

to (x2) from (X2) in (x4)


l Ulaanbaatar is________ Mongolia.
2 Wintersa.re cold Ulaanbaata.r
3 The average temperatures are 16 •C -------------- 22 •C.
4 _ _ _ _ summer. the average temperatures are +15 • c
+19' C.
5 It isvery rainy summer.

. . W RlTI N C,
UNLC'CK READING ANOWIUTING SKIU.S l
SEASONS l'N I .'

Prepositional phrases
Aprepositional phrase is a preposition • a noun.
One typeof prepositional phrase is a preposition + a noun for a place.
where: M!j brother Li,ve.s i.n Ab1,1 t>ho.,bi, M!j si-ste.r i,s o.. swd.enl; i.n
T Pe.i-. I o..m from Anl::o..ro...

Another type of prepositi0nal phrase is a preposition + a noun for a season or a


month.
when: It; i,s wo..mi i.n s1,1.mmer. II; i,s c.ol.d., i.n Jo..n1Ao..Y!j.

3 Circle the when prepositional phrase in the sentences (1- 2)below.


1 In the dry season, the average temperatures are between 22 •c
and 25 •c.
2 The average temperatures are between 22• C and 25• C in the
dry season.
4 Look at the sentences in Exercise 3. Which sentence has a comma (.) after
the prepositio nal phrase?
5 Write the prepositional phrases from the box in the gaps. Add commas
and capital letters if necessary.

in July in winter in the monsoon season

1 It is cold in New York _


2__ _ _____ _ _ _ the average rainfall is 6 mm.
3 The average rainfall is 360 mm

6Put the words in order to make sentences.


1 windy/ October/ ,/ is/ it/ In / .

2 weather/ good/ summer/ is/ The/ in/ .

3 Cuba/ climate/ good / the/ is/ In / ./ .

4 a verage/ the/ 34 mm/ In / . / autumn/ rainfall / is/ .

5 Yakutsk/ The/ are/ cold/ winters/ in/ .

6 monsoon/ in/ season/ the/ is/ The/ temperature/ average/ 27• C /.

7 dry/ the/ season / 7 mm/ In / rainfall/ . / is/ average/ the/ .

UNI.OCK READING ANO WRITING SKILLS I WRITING ', ,


ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

I Punctuation
Capital letters
For the following types of words. the first letter is always a capital letter.

namesof months: April., > ..k.lne.


namesof days: Mol'\M.!:j, T1,1e.sd.o.!:I, Wedxi d.o.!:I
nat iona lities:Srilisl1, £9!:!pti.o..l'I, Kor
namesof peol')le: Ahmo.d., Orno.n, Rijok:o
names of places: T1,1rl:e\j, Co.i.ro, Lona.on

1 Write the correct letters in the gaps to complete the months.

Jan r_ Ju
F_b a_y A_g_s_
Ma _ Se _ t e e_
Ap J O_ t_ ber
M No_ e er
J_ n _ Oe_e er

2 Co
rrect the punctuation in the sentences below. Add capital lette rs,
commas and full stops.
1 in january the weather is cold in russia
2 the average tempera ture is 21•C in july
3 in the monsoon season the average rainfall is 315 mm in bangalore
in ind ia
4 the weather is sunny on tuesday
5 sultan lives in sharjah in the united arab emirates

WRITING TASK
;") UH'-"Cl(
V ONLINE Write facts about the weather in your city.

1 Circle the co rrect seasons for your city.


PLAN
a the dry season and the rainy season
b the dry season and the monsoon season
c spring. summer. autumn and winter

,r WRITING UNLOCK READING ANO WR.ITINGSKILLS I


SEASONS " N T:

2 Write the name of one season in two or more rows in Column A.

A 8 C D

average average
seasons months
temperatures ('C) rainfall (mm)

l Write the names of the months for each season in column B.


4 Wri te the average temperatures for each season in column C. Use the
internet to help you findinformation.

5 Write the average rainfall for each season in col umn D. Use the internet
to help you find information.

6 Look at the Critical Thinking section and read the text about
WRITE A FIRST
Ulaanbaatar again.
DRAFT
7 Write information about your city in the gaps below.
__ _ _____ _ _ (your city) isin _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
(your country). _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (your city) has
________ _ _ (numb er ) seasons. The seasons are
_________ _ an_d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

8 Write sentences about your cit y.


1 Write a sentence about the weather in one season(e.g. It is windy/
cold/roiny) and say which months the season is in (e.g April, Moy).
2 Writ e a sentence about the average temperatures in this season .
3 Write asentence about the average rainfall in this season.
4 Writ e a sentence about the weather in another season (e.g.It is windy/
cold/ roiny).
5 Write a sentence about the average temperatures in this season.
6 Write a sentence about the average rainfall in this season.

UNt.OCk REAOING ANOWRITINGSKILLS l


9 Use the task checklist to review your sentence s.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Do your sentences describe two seasons?

Do your sentences show the average temperature and rainfall?

Do the names for your city. country and months have capital
letters?

Does the first word in your sentences begins with a capital letter?

Do your sentences have full stops?

10 Make any necessary cnanges to your sentences.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
11 Check your objec tives.
I can ...

watch and understanda


not very
video about a blizzard very
well well

scan a text to find


very not very
information
well well

use capital lette rs in


very not very
words and sentences
well well

writ e facts very not very


well well

UNLOCK R.EAOING ANO WIUTING $ ,CILLS I


SEASONS t Im :

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
autumn (n) easy (adj) summer (n)
cloudy (adj) happy (adj) sunny (adj)
cold(adj) rainy (adj) temperature (n)
dangerous (adj) sad(adj) warm (adj)
difficult (adj) safe (adj) windy (adj)
dry (adj) spring(n) winter (n)

UNLOCK REAOING A.NOWRITINGSKfl LS 1 WRlTING ,;


,.- · .. -...
' ·• \' ,. I

~\
'MIL

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Watch and understand a video about a mining town in
Watch and listen
Australia

Reading skilts Scan a text to fmd information using key words

Academic writing skills Spelt Present simple third person singular verbs

Write facts
UNLc.'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
1 Write the words in the box next to the correct prepositional
phrases {l-4).

work (xl) study relax with friends

l i
n
a cafe
2 n
i
your room
3 in a shop
4 in an office

2 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.


l Where do you study?
2 Where do you relax with friends?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Check the meanings of the words in the picture. Use a dictionary to
UNDERSTANDING
help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

Australian desert

dust

miners

underground
rock

machine

2 Read the sentences (1-6) below and write the words from the box in
the gaps.

mine dust rock desert underground comfortable

1 There are many mines in the Australian _


2There is a lot of and rock in the desert .
3 Every day, miners go to work _
4 The miners cut the _____________ with machines.
5 There is also a lot of dust in the _
6 T mine isnot a place to work.

S2 WATCH ANOUSTEN UNLO( k flEAOING ANO WR.tTING SKIU..S 1


LIFESTYLE U J 11 l

WHILE WATCHING
3 You are going to watch a video about lifein a town in the Australian
UNDERSTANDING
desert . Before you watch,read the statements (l-6) below and write
MAIN IDEAS
true(T)or false (F) in column A.

A B
statement before after
watching watching

l The Australian desert is very hot .

2 The people live in tall houses.

3 The people are on holiday.

4 There are mines in th e t o wn.

S An opalis an expen sive stone.

6 People play golf at night .

40 Watch the video. Write true (T) or false (F) in column B.

5 0 Watch again. Write the numbers from the box next to the correct
LISTENING FOR
facts. There are three extranumbers which you do not need.
KEY INFORMATION
42 55 '95 3,000 5,000 50,000

l the number of people in the town: _


2 the price of a good 0pal:S _
3 temperatures in the desert: •C

DISCUSSION
6 Work with apartner. Askand answer the questions below.
l Would you like to live in CooberPedy?
2 Do you like the undergr0und houses?
3 Is life in Coober Pedy different from lifein y0ur town or city?

UNLOCK R£AOJNGANDWRITINGSKlUS t WATCH AND US TEN


READING 1

PREPARING TO READ
PREVIEWING 1 Which things in the box can you see in the text and the photographs?
Circle the words. Use a dict ionary to help you.

a writer ahunter a jungle acar a tree house


a TV a website a price a book cover
the name of a newspaper a watch a village

2 Read sentences (1-8) below and write the words from the box in the gaps.
UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY
different traditional imagine hunt
amazing lifestyle jungle cook

1 I like reading books, not watching movies. I like to _


h
othpeople look in the story.
1 I want to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ rice for lunch.
2 Pizza is a _ _ _ _ _ _ _ meal in Italy.
3 My _ _ _ _ _ _ _ is not very healthy. I eat too much chocolate.
S Hisdaughters are very _ _ _ ___ _ . Hande is tallbut Adile is
small.
6 They have guns. In autumn, they _ _ _ _ _ _ _ animals in the
forest.
7 The Amazon is a big _ _ _ _ _ _ _ in South America.
8 I love this book! The story is

: READ!NG 1 UNI.CCI( REAOING ANDWRITING SKILLS 1


LIFESTYLE UN IT l

'This book shows you a different lifestyle.' Daily Press

Can you imagine your life with no mobile


phones or TV? With no cars or supermarkets?
Can you imagine life in a tree house?
In her book, A Ute in the Trees, journalist Rebecca Moore travels
15,000 km from London to Papua New Guinea. In Papua New Rebecca Moore
Guinea, Rebecca meets the Kombai people. She tells thestory of
their traditional lifestyle. 'Buy this book!'
Jeffrey Rost.
Moore lived with the Kombai women and children for three months.
Lifesf';fe
Kombai life is very different. They have no watches and no cars. The
'It has amazing
Kombai get up every morning at sunrise.
photographs
Kombai menhunt in the jungle. They can hunt in the jungle for onevery page.·
S:mo n Higgins.
12 hours. They bring meat to thevillage. The Kombai also eat
New Look
cucumbers, mushrooms and green bananas. The women cook.
There is no school for thechildren. Parents teach their children the
traditional lifestyle of their people.
The most important part of Kombai life is building their amazing tree
houses. The men, women and children allhelp to build a tree house.
Each house is 20m high. The stories of the Kombai people are

- -
.,i /
t /
·1·
/'

Price UK £10.99

U Nl t>CK lt( AOING ANO W ITING$KILLS I


WHILE READIN G
3 Read the text again and put a tick in the correct boxes. The firs t one has
SCANNING TO
been done for you as an examp le.
FIND INFORMATION
"')UNL«K Rebecca Kombai Ko mbai Kombai
(;, ONLINE
Moore men women children

l hunt animals in
I
the jungle

2 travels15,000km

3 cook

4 eat green bananas

5 have no cars

6 teach children the


traditional lifestyle

7 build tree houses

8 tells the story of


the traditional
Kombai lifestyle I
• Pronouns and possessive determiners
I, you, he,she, it. we and they are personal pronouns. My, your. h,is her. its and
their are possessive determiners. We use possessive determiners before a noun.
We can use some pe,rscma l pronouns (he. she, it. and they) to replace nouns.
You can match personal pronouns and possessive determiners to nouns to help
you understand a text.
Fcuso.! 11o.s o.. new mobUe phone.. It. [It = new mobile phone] i,s o..mo..zi.1,9.
He. [He = Faisal] t.t Se.$ i.t [it = new mobile phone] e.ve.r!I .
Ko..mUe. 11o.s o.. new c.o..r. Her c.o..r [Her car= Ka mile's car] i,s o..mo..zi,ng.
Her si-st.e.r [Her sister= Ka mile's sister] 11o.s o.. b ci.e.

' ' RfA()JN(, I UNl <.?CK READING ANO WRITING SKll LS l


LI FESTYLE U:, 1I l

4 Match sentences (1-4) to sentences (a- d).Look at the pronouns to


help you.
1 In Papua New Guinea, Rebecca meets the Kombai people.
2 The men can hunt in the jungle for 12 hours.
3 Kombai people have a very different lifestyl e.
4 The book is called A Life in the Trees.
a They bring meat to the village.
b She tells the story of their traditional lifestyle.
c ' It has amazing photographs on every page.' Simon Higgins, New Look
d They have no watches and no cars.

5 Read the text again to check your answesr.

READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Write the words from the box in the correct places in the table below.
UNDERSTANDING
Use the glossary on page195 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

evening Maths get up busy Tuesday quiet


Engineering Friday take Monday study late
Wednesday early morning relax afternoon Physics

verb adjective name of a part of the day of the


subject day week

2 Look at the timetable and the text on the next page. Write true (T) or
PREVIEWING
false (F) next to the statements (1- 3).
1 The timetable is for an Engineering student.
2 The timetable and the text are from a website.
3 The text and the timetable are about Abdullah Taha.

UNLOCK REAOINGANO WIUTINGSKU,lS I READING 2 ",!


WHILE READING

Scanning to find information: keywo rd


s
When you scan. do not read every word ,n a text You can scan for keyw ord.s
A key word 1san important word. The underlined words1n Exercise3 are key
, words.We look for key words ,n a text to help us find the important inf ormtaio n.
SCANNING TO 3 Read the timetable and the text again. Circle the correct key words to
FINO INFORMATION malce true sentences about Abdull.ha
1 Abdullah ...
I relaxes with friends every evening/ Thursday evening.
2 isa student in Cairo/ Riyadh.
3 says that hislife is busy/ quret.
4 has three/ five classes evecy morning.
s goes to the Camera Club I gym on Wednesday eveni.g
6 studies Maths every morning/ a ftre noo. n
7 gets uplate/ early.
8 three/ five courses at the university.
9 has Arabic Histo01dasson TuesdayI Thursday.
10 studies in the Facuft,y of Engineering/ English.

Name of student: dl,,lu//al,Tai,a Departm en t F,uu/fj efEnqi"n een"n!J


morning
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thur Fri Sat
IHl em P1rysia IOT Plrysia Plry.sia IOI Plry.sia Plrysies IOI
fedMre SOH,Hv {ed,ve IOI ledu,,e
9.15- MAtJis fZT MAtJis fZI Mlfilu fZI MAUisfZI MdJrsTZT
10.15 am
future {ed,ve SOHiHAr
10.30-- &1Ji11UffifJ &IJU1UffifJ &IJU1UffifJ &IJinUriHJ &fJine&riHJ
11.30 am ,U{ed,ve ,uledu,,e
fUseminv ,U(edu,-e 122
afternoon
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thur Fri Sat
12.30--
Shu/JJ'"'I'
1.30pm
2-3pm &,Jt.sl, IOI l.ilmuy &iJfish Anw Hisf#J
IOI 123/ai,ue
evening
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thur Fri Sat
5-7pm lil,,-41')' libnuy lil,,-41')' l.ib,,41')' 1«14X wii/,
f;imis
7-10pm libr41')' libr41')' Camer• cluh t;ou/Jr,p 1«14X wii/,
.f!i!,,_is
READING}
LIFESTYLE . -·

ToJlo.
Ab<iMl,lq,h ToJlo. i..s 0... swcLe.nt i.rl 0111 dM$. Thi,s i..s hi..s ti..rne.Wt.e.
Abd»-1,lq,h swcLi.e.s Enai.rle.ui.rla o.t <AiKo t.lni..ve.rsi.w. Abd»-1,lq,h to...ke.s
fwe. co1,1rs e.s. Theu o...re. P1111su-s, Mo.ti-ls, Enali-511, Enai.rle.ui.rla o.ncL
Aro..bi.c. Hi..storu. Hi,s fo..vo1,1ri,te, SCAbie.c.ts o...re. Phusu-s o.ncL Mo.ti-ls.

Abd»-1,lq,h i,s o. se.ri..oos sw cLe.nt . He. oets UP o.t b (I.Ill e.ve.r,u t iw.
He. swcLi..e.s e.ve.r11 e.ve.ni.rlo. He. hM rno..n11 ci.Mse.s. se.rni.rlo...rs o..ncL
lec.wre.s e.ve.r1,1 wed: .

Abd»-1,lq,h hM t11re.e. ci.Mse.s e.ve.ru rnorni.rlo. He. hM Pl1usi.c.s .i:..orn


.15(I.Ill. o..ncL Enoi.rle.ui.rlo
g (I.Ill to (I.Ill. Mo.ti-ls frorn .15 (I.Ill to10
from 10.30 (I.Ill to11.30 (I.Ill.

On Sun..!"", he. rne.ets hi..s sw 9ro1,,12 Hi,s sw 9rou2 i..s from


12..30 ""' to 1.30 ""'· On Mon..!"" o..ncL We.cLne.sd4y, he. hM Engli-511.
Hi,s Enoti,s11 ci.Ms i,s .i:..om 2. om to 3 nm, On Thursdo'I o.ft.e.rnoon,
he. hM Aro..bi.c. Hi..storu from 2. om to 3 om.

In ti-le. e.ve.ni.rl• Abd»-1,lq,h wd,i.e.s i.rl ti-le. li,bro.ru. In hi,s fre.e. ti-me.,
Abd»-1,lq,h re.to...., e.s wi..t11 fr i..e.ncLs, So!!!eti..rne.s, AbcLvUOJ1 goe.s to ti-le.
, ; e.rno.., At>dµLW1 Lil:e.s W i<!)g_P.hoi:Qsr hs. He. i,s i-n tt,e. t.lni,vers
Co.mer" Cwb.

AbcLvll o 11 s s _µrlk'le..r .JU-e_. i,$_y_ U) o.. _o..J.p t of


e.x o..ncL..a u 1,1t I cuw bo.v.e to re.Lo...xw i-th :fti&n<ls
@cLJ ' -
-

DISCUSSION
4 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questionsbe low.
1 Do you go to university?
2 Do you get up late or early? ,7
3 Iys o ur lifestyle the same as o_rdi_fferent from bd,ullahs.
4 Do you relaxwith friends o r family ,n the evening.
s Are you in a club?

RlAO:NC,}
UN LOCK REAOINGANOWRITING SK11.l$ l
@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

• Collocations
A pair or small groupof words which are often used together isa co/location.
One typeof collocation is a verb + a noun or a verb + a noun phrase.
I 11 ve. breoJ::fo.st [have + breakfast]. Du-Jv.ng d. Cl'lv.ng-Hee.
p vi.<!ec ga.me.s [play + video games]. Abd..v.u.oJ.1 stv.dl.e.s l'--M.!:ns
[study + Maths].
Another type of collocation is a verb+ a prepositional phrase.
Abd..v.u.oJ.1 goes to 1:11e. ci.ne.m [goes + to the cinema]. Abd..v.u.oJ.1 st:«<.Ue.s
i.l'\ 1:11e. t.ibrd.1'9 [studies + in the library). Abd..v.u.oJ.1 r e.s wi»I f,-i.e.nd.s
[relaxes + with friends).
, ') UNLOCK
V ONLINE 1 Match the sentence halves.
l Eun Jung studies a coffee for breakfast.
2 Asif gets up b Maths at CambridgeUniversity.
3 Melody and Ginger take c early.
4 In the morning, I have d to the cinema every Saturday.
5 My friends go e the bus every morning.
2 Read the sentences (1-10) below and write the verbs from the box in
the gaps.

do have live relax go(x2) reads has eats cooks


l I with my parents.
2 Sultan a shower at 7am every morning.
3 You to t he gym every day.
4 My grandfather a newspaper every morning.
5 Melody and Ginger breakfast on the bus!
6 Li Mei her lunch in the cafe.
7 Virajand Dhirendra with friends in the evenings.
8 You your homework in the evening.
9 My siste r dinner for my family.
10 I to bed at 11 pm.

' LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT UNLOCK REAOING ANOWRITING S1CILI.S I


LIFESTYLE uci T,

V OCABULARY FOR STUDY


3 R ead the names of the subjects. Put a tick in the correct box.Use the
glossary on page195 to help you.

Arts and
subject Business Science Languages
Humanities

Maths

Physics

Literature
-

English

Economics

Biology

History

Management

Arabic

Geography

Chemistry
-
Art and Design

UNLOCK REAOING AN O WRITINGSKILLS 1 LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT 1


CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit. you will write facts. Look at this unit's writing task in
the box below.

Write facts about the lifestyle of a srudent in your class.

1 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the quest ion s(1- 8) belo w.
REMEMBER
1 What is your name and surname1
2 Where do you go to school/university?
3 What subjects do you study?
4 When do you get up?
S When are your classes?
6 When do you have lunch?
7 When do you go to the library?
8 When do you relax with friends?

2 Write your partner's answers in the timetable below.


CREATE
Name ofs tu de n:t _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Sc ho o l / Un iv ers iry : _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Subjecrs: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Day I : Day 2: Day 3: Day 4: Day S:

morning

lw1ch

afternoon

evening

' CRITICAL THINK ING UNLCCK R.£.AOINGANDWRITN


I G Sti:ILLS 1
LIFESTYLE UNI f l

WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

Subject - Verb - Object


A sentence is about a subject. The subject is a pronoun. a noun or anounphrase.
The verb is after the subject in a sentence.
subject: Li, M el 11o.s L«nc.11. M !j gro..nd,f(!.tner re.0-<is o.. ne.wspo.per.
M!j sv.;ter cooks d..i,nner.
verb: Li, Mel 11o.s L«nc.11. M!j gr-o..nd,f(!.tner re.0-<is o.. ne.wspo.per. M!j sister
ccoks d..i,nner.

A sentence can have an object.The object isa pronoun, a noun or a noun phrase.
The object is after the verb.
object: Li, Mei, w..ts her L«nc.11. M!j 9 ro..nd.fo..tl1er re.0-<is o.. ne.wspo.per.
M!j si-ster cooks d..i,nner.

A prepositional phrase after a verb isllQ1an object.


Al><wLt.o..11 swc:l.i.es i.n Ule. tibro..Y!j. He. U.Ve.s i.n CA.iKo.
A pronoun, a noun or a noun phrase after isor are is llQ1an object.
Al><wLt.o..11 is o.. swd.e.nt. Mewd.!j o..nd. Ginger o..re. sw d.e.nts .

1 Read the sentences belo w. Put a t ick ( ) if the bold word or phraseis ? UNl«K
(, O N LIN E
anobject.
1 Kombai life is very diff erent .
2 Att ila does his homework in the morning.
3 Every morning, I have a shower.
4 Somle k stud ies M ath s.
S Ay has orange juice and co ff ee in the morning.
6 Kombai men hunt in the jungle.
7 My teacher asks questions.
8 M ilena Telak works in Coober Pedy.

2 Wo rk with apar tner. Correct the mistakesin the sentences (1- 5) below.
1 The Kombai meat eat.
2 Kombai men animals hunt .
3 Boo ks Rebecca M oore writ es.
4 Abdullahin the library readsbo oks.
5 M el ody d rinks in the m o rning coffee.

U NL« K EAOING ANOWRITING SKILLS 1 WRITI NG ,.


Present simple
We use the Present simple to talk about our typical lifestyle.
I 11(Av
; e. (A; showe.r e.ve.r!j morni.ng.
If the subject of the sentence is third person and singular (e.g. he,she, it, Faisal,
Kate , my cat).weadd -s to the verb.
He. re.o..c:l.s books. Ko.te. U-sl:e.ns to ml.(su.. M!j c.ru; Like.s mill:.
If the verb isgo, we add -es. If the verb is have,we use has.
Ftti:octl go, bo bhe ck,u,.c,; or1 Pt'ior1d:o:g e ,e1t i>ilg, . Fa.Lso..L goes W the
@e.m<A, on MonM..!j e.ve.ni.ngs.
lf.9 ...ol=hu ho:♦es baatlc:fMI= c,:1; e ""· M!j mot.11e.r h(A,S brm f (A,S!; <kt
S o.ro.

3 Read the text. Circle the correct forms of the verbs.

Noree n(1J is/ ore a student in my class. This c>l is / ore her timetable.
She Ill study/ studies English at university. She1•1get up I gets up
at 6 am.She(ll hove/ hos breakfast at 6.30 am. On Mondays and
Wednesdays. Noreen (6l have/ has a study group at 11 a m. She
m hove/ hos lunch at 12.30 pm every day.She!3I study/ studies
in the lib raryfrom 3 to 6 pm. SheC9J go/ goes to the cinema with
friends on Sundays. Noreen (lO) is/ are a serious student.

Time expressions
nme expressions say when or how ofte n something happens. One type of time
expressio n is every+ a noun for time.
I re.o..c:l. (A; bool: e.ve.r!l we.ek. SJ1e. 11M £ngU,sl1 cl4.ss e.ve.r!j Wed.ne.sM..!j
oon. Th&!j footbo..U, e.ve.r!l morni.ng.

Another typeof time expression is a prepositional phrase for time. The type of
phrase that follows the preposition shows which preposition to use.
• at + clock time: 10 o.ro, 3 pm
• in + part of the day: i.n the. momi.ng, i.n 1:11e. o.,ftemoon, i.n tne. e.ve.ni.ng
• on+ day of the week: on Mo , on Tl.(e.5M.¾jS
• on + day of the week + part of the day: on MonM.¾J momi.ng, on Tl,(fl.SM.¾j
(A;ftunoon, on Fr e.vwi.ng, on $1.( r.i.gl1!;

' : WRITING UNL¢CK AEAOIN G ANO W ITIN G SKILLS l


LIFESTYLE UN: I ;

4 Write ot.in or onin the gaps.


1 Simon plays tennis Saturday morning 8 am.
2 the evening, Abdullah studies in the library.
3 Mo nday, I have English class 2 pm.
4 I talk to my family the evening.
5 Tuesday morning, David has Maths nam.
6 Aftab goes to university Monday and Thursday.
7 I do my homework the evening.
8 My father goes to work 7 am every day.

ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

Spelling
In the alphabet. the vowels are a. e,i. o and u.The other letters are consonants.
To make the third person singular form of averb in the Present simple, we need
to follow spelling rules.
• We add -s if the verb ends in a consonant (e.g. read reads) or a consonant
sound (e.g. write writes).
• We replace -y with -ies if the verb ends in a consonant+ -y (e.g. stu dy
studies)
• We add -es if the verb ends in a vowel(e.g. go goes)
• We add -s if the verb ends in a vowel + -y (e.g. say says)

Some verbs are irregular (e.g. have has, be is)

1 Write the third person singular form of the Present simple verb.

infinitive ' third person singular

getup

sell
go
study

pay
have

2 Put the letters in the correct order to make the names of subject s.
Use the glossary on page 19S to help you.
1 ahtms M._ _ _ _ _ 5 ryshito H _
2 snegihl . 6loio
gy B. _
3 siphcsy p_ _ _ _ 7 grgephyoa G _
4 regeingnine

UNL.OCK REAOINGANOWRITINGSKILlS 1 WRITING ''


WRITIN G TASK
"') UNl.« K
(,. ONLINE Write facts about the lifestyle of a student in your class.

1 Look at the timetable you made in the Critical Thinking section.


WRITE A FIRST
D _R_AF_T _ _ _ _ , 2 Look at the sentences below and write answers in the gaps that are true
for your partner.
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (student's name) is a student in my class.
This is _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (his/her) timetable.

3 Write sentences that are true for your partner.


1 Write a sentence about the subject(s) he/she studies.
2 Write a sentence about the time he/she gets up.

- - E-DI T
_
I 3 Write four sentences about his/ her school or university timetable.
4 Write two sentences about his/her evenings and free time.
.., 4 Use the task checklist to review your sentences.

TASK CHECKLIST

Do your sentences use the Present simple to desc ribe your


partner's lifestyle?

Did you add -s to the Present simple third person?

Do your sentences say when your partner does things (e.g. in


the evening, on Monday morning,etc.)?
Did you use prepositional phrases at the beginning o r the end of
a sentence?

Does every sentence have a subject and a verb?

If a sentence has an object. is the object after the verb?

5 Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

, ' WRITING UNLOCK READINGANOWRJTING SKlll 'S 1


LIFESTYLE UN r l

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
6 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch and understand
a video about a mining very not very
town in Austraila well well

scan a text to find


informat ion using key very no t very
words well well

spell Present simple third very not very


person singular verbs
well well

write facts very not very


well well

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
afternoon (n) Engineering (n) morning(n)
Art (n) evening (n) Physics (n)
Biology (n) Friday (n) Science (n)
Business (n) 1.oeography (n) study (v)
cafe (n) History (n) Tuesday (n)
car (n) Humanities (n) TV (n)
Chemistry (n) late (adj) village (n)
cook (v) Literature (n) watch (n)
different (adj) Management (n) Wednesday (n)
early (adj) Maths (n) work (nand v)
Economics (n) Monday (n)

UNLOCK RE.AOINGANOWAITING S-Klll S l W RITING 1


Watch and understand a video about France

Read for the main ideas

Academic writingskills Use capital letters for city and country names

Write facts
'

UNL<..'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE


1 Match the famous places (1-6) to the correct cities(a-f).
1 The Louvre a Istanbul
2 The Sphinx b Dubai
3 Taipei 101 c San Francisco
4 Palm Island d Paris
5 The Golden Gate Bridge e Taipei
6 The Blue Mosque f Giza
2 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions -3) below.
1 Do you know other famous places?
2 Where are they?
3 What are famous places in your country?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Write the words from the box in the gaps.
UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY
mountains capital city tower races cheese Tourists

visit fameus places on holiday. They take


phot ographs.
2 Michael Phelps is a famous swimmer. He wins all his _
J favourite lunch is bread, and an apple.
4 Fuji, Jebel Hafeet. n Dag1. and Kilimanjaro are famous

5 The oC fhina is Beijing.


6 'Big Ben ' is the name of a famous dock _ _ __ _ _ in London.
USING YOUR
KNOWLEDGE TO 2 You are going to watch a video about France. Before you watch, read th.e
PREDICT CONTENT quiz questions (1-5) and circle the correct answers (a-c).

3 Whichof the famous places below isin


Paris?
0 the Goloto Tower
4:1 the EiffelTower
1 Which is the French flag? 0 the Sphinx
4 Which kinds of foodbelow are famous in
Fronce?
0 hamburgers ond cheese
4:1 sausages and pizza
2 Whot is the capitol cily ofFrance? 0 bread and cheese
0 Lyon 5 Whichof the mountains below ore in
4:1 Marseille Fronce?
0 Paris 0 the Alps and the Pyrenees
4:1 the Pyrenees and the Andes
0 the Andes ond the Urals

70 WATCH ANOllSTEN
PLACES UNIT 4

WHILE WATCHING
3 G Watch the video. Check your answers to the quiz in Exercise 2. UNDERSTANDING
MAIN IDEAS
4 G Watch again. Circle the numbers you hear.
LISTENING FOR
3 20 350 450 3,000 ,30 000 60.000 KEY INFORMATION
6,000,000 ,35000 ,000

S Read the sentences 0-5) below and write the circled numbers from
Exercise 4 in the gaps.
1 There are colours in the French flag.
2 There are many tourists in Paris. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ tourists visit the
Eiffel Tower every year.
3 There are works of art in the Louvre.
4 There are different kinds of bread in France.
5 There are different kinds of cheese in France.

DISCUSSION
6 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (1-4) below.
1 What is the capital city of your country?
2 Are there many tourists in the capital city of your country?
3 What kinds of food are popular in your country?
4 Are there anymountains in your country?

UNLOCK READING.ANOWR.ITING Sl{IU.S I WATCH AND LISTEN /1


READING 1

I PREPARING TO READ
U_N_D_ERS_T._'A_N_D-_IN_G , 1 M at c h the words (1- 7) to their definit ions (a- g).

KEY VOCABULARY l explore a one part of the text of abook


2 table of contents b veryold
3 chapte r c very new
4 modern d a picture that showscountries, ci t ies, ro ads.
5 discover m ou n tain s, et c.
6 ancient e part of abook that shows the order of things
7 map f to find something
g to look for someth ing

2 Read the sen tences (1- 6) bel ow and write the words from the box
in the gaps. Use the glossary on page 196 to help yo u.

rivers Lake forest Sea Ocean mountains

1 Baikal in Russia is very big and cold.


2 There are 21di fferent countries on the Mediterranean

3 The Pyrenees are _______________betw een France and Spain.


4 There are many trees in a _
5 The Danube and the Nile are famous _
6The Pacific _ _ _ _ _ _ _ is between America and Asia.

3 Look at the texts and the picture. Read the quest ion s(1- 3) and circle
PREVIEWING
the correct answers (a-c ).
l W hat is the bo ok about?
a the history of the world
b the history o f China
c the histo ry of maps
2 The price of the book is:
a $16.75
b £16.75
C €16.7 5
3 The picture shows
a a m ode rn map of the world
b an ancient map of the world
c a photograph of the world

READING l UNLOCK REAOING ANDWRITINGSKILLS I


PLACES UN~I•1

Feedback I HelpIClose

A World History Table of contents


of Maps
by J. Armour In tr o d uction 5
1 First maps of theworld 9
Add to Ba
2 The ancient world 45
***.*
Price : from £16.75
2.1
2.2
Greek maps
Roman road maps
57
75
3 China 93
3 .1 Early maps from Qin State 97
3.2 Han Dynasty maps 111
3.3 Pei Xiu's map of Asia 125
► Table of contents 4 Arab maps 137
Introduction 4 .1 Book of the appearance of the Earth by Al- Khwarizmi 171
Chapter 4.2 4.2 Muhammad al-ldrisi's world map 183
5 Exploring the world 197
5 .1 Discovering America 241
5.2 Ribeiro's first scientific world map 255
6 M a ps and satellite photographs 273
Index 301

A World History
of Maps
by J. Armour

Add to Basket

***.*
Price : from £16.75 f' igu, c 4.3:Wo,ld Mapby Muha.mmad al-l drisi, 1154

Muhammad al-Idrisi came from Morocco. In his life, Al-Idrisi


travelled to Asia, France, England and Spain.
Al-Idrisi's map of the world is called theTabula Rogerianain
.Tableof contents Europe.The map is in Arabic.His map helped people travel from
lotroduct;on countryto country.
►Chaoter4 2 The map shows North Africa, Europe, and South and East Asia.
There are many European countries on the map. There is Norway
in the north, Spain in the west, and Italy in the south.The map also

showsIndia and China.
There are forests, rivers, lakes, mountains, seas and oceans on the
map. Al-Idrisi's map shows the Mediterranean Sea, the Indian
Ocean and the river Nile.

, READING ANOWRITINGSKILLS Al READING I


WHILE READING
4 Scan the table of contents. Which chapter of the book has info rmation
SCANNING TO
about the things below?
FIND INFORMATION
1 maps by Pei Xiu
UNl.ro<
(;. ONLINE 2 maps of ancient Greece
3 maps by Al -Khwarizmi
4 modern maps
5 maps of ancient Rome

5 Scan the texts again and find the continents and countries that are
mentioned. Circle them in the table below.

continents countries

Asia M exico
Australia Spain
Euro pe Norway
Africa M alaysia
America China

6 Read part of Chapter 4.2. Write true (T) or false (F) next to the
statements (1-5) below.
1 Muhammad al-ldrisi was Algerian.
2 Tabula Rogerianais the Arabic name of Al-ldrisi's map.
3 America is not on the map.
4 India is on the map.
S There are lakeson the map.

UHt.OOC READING ANO WRITINGSKILLS l


PLACES '" i T :

READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Circle the wordin each group that is different. Use a dictionaryto
UNDERSTANDING
help you. KEY VOCABULARY
1 lake river sea France
2 shop road school factory
3 ocean airport harbour train station
4 dive drive surf swim

2 Match the words (1-4) to their definit ions(a-d). Use adictionaryto


help you.
1 currency a very good to eat or drink
2 population b money in a country
3 tourism c the number of people in a place
4 delicious d business with tourists

UNLOC:K REAOINGANOWRITIN GSKILl.S 1 READING l


3 Look at the headings in the text and the photographs. Circle the
PREVIEWING
correct options (a-<).
1 I think this text comes from a book about
a the history of a country.
b the history of maps.
c information for tourists.
2 I think a traditional kind of food in theMaldives is
a rice. b fish. c beef.
3 I think a popular sport in the Maldives is
a football. b tennis. c swimming.

R_EA_D-IN-G-F_O_R_ _ 4WHILE READING


Read the text . Match the topics (1- 8) below to the paragraphs (A-H)
MAIN IDEAS I in the text.
1 languages 5 hobb iesand sports
;") UNLOCK
V ONLINE 2 the population 6 where the Maldives are
3 a young Maldivian's home 7 traditional food
4 the economy 8 the capitalcity

Readingfor mainideas
Many textshave paragraphs. A paragraph ispart ofa Ieng text.Each paragraph
hasonetoptc:ormain idea When we read forthemain ideas in atext, weread
each paragraph to find:
• the top,cle.g family, weather, university).
• the im t Information aboutthe topic(e.g. thenumber of brothers and
sistersa pel'$Oll has;theaverage rainfall in summer; thereasona student wants
to stJ.i(ly).
AL-l :s 1114p '!:he world. i.5 ulted.. the Tabula. Rogeri,a,na, m w:rope.
The.: 16 c.rt ArAl,i;c,. tli.5 !PIA.p helpe.d, people l:.m.vel. ft'Ol'II GOt.tn to
GOt.t

Al-ldrisrs mapisthe - Theimportant information about the t is the


name <lthemap.

DISCUSSION
S Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions (1-5) below.
1 Where is your country?
2 What is the population of your country?
3 What is the capitalcity of your country?
4 What languages do people speak in your country?
S What are important businesses in your country?

UNLOCK REAOING ANO WRITING SKlll S 1


PLACES UNll ·1

The Maldives FACT FILE


LLNAME: Republic
FU of
AN OVERVIEW
Maldives
AThe Maldives are islands in the Indian Ocean. POPULATION: 360,000
The islands are near Sri Lanka. The Maldives CAPITALCITY: Male
are famous for their good climate, beautiful : 1,190 islands
GEOGRAPHY
beaches and warm seas.
CLIMATE: good, average
B There are 360,000 people in the Maldives. temperature 30 ·c
Most people live on small islands.
LANGUAGES: Dhivehi and
C The capital city of the Maldives is Male. It is a English
modern city with an international airport and a RELIGION : Islam
big harbour.
CURRENCY: rufiyaa
D People in Male speak English and Dhivehi.
INDUSTRY: tourism and fishing
English is useful because many tourists come
here.
E Tourism and fishing are the most important
businesses in the M aldives. Many people work
in tourist resorts. Others work as fishermen or
in fish factories. The currency is the rufiyaa.

I live on an island south of Male. Life on my


island is very simple. There are some shops
and one mosque. We speak Dhivehi, but
we also learn English in high school.
The Maldives are famous
for their fish. The most
ONE OF THE M ALDIVES'
BEAUTIFUL BEACHES popular food here is
garudiya. It's a delicious
fish soup.
People in the Maldives
like to swim and dive.

UNL« K R.£A01NGANOWRJTING SKIU,S 1 READING 2 ''


@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
VOCABULARY FOR PLACES IN A CITY
, ") UNLOCK
V ONI.INE 1 Write the words from the box in the correct places on the picture.

museum train station university library monument


bridge bank factory park fountain

· LANGUAG£ DEVELOPMENT UNL« K REAOIN-G ANO WIUTING SKILLS 1


PLACES u,,;r"

Noun phrases with of


One type of noun phraseis a noun + of+ anoun.
Pc:..ri,s i,s tne. of FrMce.. Pc:..ri,s i,s i..n tne. untre. of tne.
I c c.<ntr!:!. Thi,s book i,s <U>oot tne. 11i,sf:or!:! of Ja.po..n.

2 Match the sentencehalves.


1 A World History a of the United States.
2 The capitalcity b of art in the Louvre.
3 The dollar is the currency c of Belgu i m are Dutch and French.
4 The main languages d of Maps.
5 There are 30.000 works e of the Maldives is Male.

VOCABULARY FOR PLACES IN A COUNTRY


3 Writ e the words from the box in the correct places on the pictu re.

cliff farm hill desert valley mountains


beach sea fteld forest

UNL« K AEAOINGANO WRITING SKILLS 1 LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT ,


CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit. you will write facts. Look at this unit's writing task in
the box below.

I Write facts about your country.

Planning
Before you write,put your sentences in a logical order. This means putting the
topics you write about in order of importance.

1 Put the topics in the box in alogicalorder. Write them in column A of the
CREATE
table below.

language currency population religion food


capital city industry climate fullname geography

A ' B
the topic key words for the topic

2
3

10

Classifying
Classifying meansputting words intogroups. Each group has a topic. Classifying
helps you to plan your writing.

--¥1 ¥- •1 -
2 Think of key words for your country. Write the key words for each topic
APPLY
in column B of the table above.

"'•-,m•••" '"'"',
PLACES uNI' ,;

WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• there is I there are


We use there is/ there are to say that something exists. We use there is before
sing ularnouns and there are before plural nouns.
singular:
Thue. i-$ n wport i,n Mm.
Thue. i-$ mosq1Ae. on Al-Ima.cl Fm's i-$La.ncl.
Thue. i-$ fo.moos br(.(i,ge. i,n s Fr cibco.
plural:
Thue. o..re. 30,000 worlcs of o..rt i,n the. Loovre..
Thue. o..re. 350 d..i,ffet'ent 1:i-ncls of c.11e.e.se..
Thue. o..re. 3b0,000 peopLe. i,n the. Mcud.i,ve.s.
"') UNL« k
1 Put the wo rds in o rder to make se nte nce s. (.. ONLINE

1 a re / in my country/ diffe re nt kind s / There / of business/ .

2 36/ languages/ in Senegal/ There / are/ .

3 airpo rts / three / modern / my city/ are/ in/ There/ .

4 Seoul/ There/ of art / museum / in / a/ is/ big/.

5 palace/ famous/ a/ There / my/ in/ city/ is / .

2 Rea d the sentences (1-8) be low. Put a tick if they are correct and a cross if
they are wrong.
1 There are many kinds of bread in Russia.
2 There is a deserts in Egypt .
3 There is many parks in London.
4 In Thailand, the re are many islands.
5 There have many peo ple in Jakarta .
6 There are in Ista nbul many brid ges.
7 They are many famous monuments in Rome.
8 Is a famo us museum in my city.

3 Corre ct the wrongsentences in Exercise 2.

1
UNl¢<:K REAOING ANOWEUTING StCILLS I \\RITING
Determiners: articles
We use articles befo re a noun or before an adjective + noun. There are four
articles:a,an, theand the zero article.
We use the before the names of:
• rivers - !:tie. twu D=be., !:tie. twu Nile., !:tie. riHu ThM1es
• seas - the. North Seo., the. Me.i.i.ten-o..neo..n Seo., the. Sl.o.d: Seo.
• oceans - the. Po..ci,fi.c. Oce.o..n, the. Atlo..nti.c. Oce.o..n, the. lnd.iM Oce.o..n
• many famous places- the. Gouita Towu, the. £.t,ffet. Towu, the. Towu of
London
• ·un ited' countries - !:tie. IAnite<i Aro.I> £.mil-o..tes, the. IAnite<i Kil'lgdom, the.
IAnite<i Sta.tes of Amui.co.
• groups of islands- the. Pl1iilppmes, the. Mol.d.i,res, the. Azores
• groups of mountains - th e. Al'l<les, t.he. Alp$, the. Hi.ma.l.o.!jM

We use no article (the zero article) before the names of:


• continents - Asui.., Amui.co., £.1,1rope
• countries - £.ngla.ncl, Cl1i.n<A., T1,1rk
• cities- Abl.l Dho.b , SAAgl:ok, Sl1o.ng11o.i.

4 Read the sentences (1- 6) below and write the or O(fo r zeroarticle)in
the gaps.
1 My family comes from Chile.
2 Chile is in South America.
3 We live near _ _ Pacific Ocean.
4 Andesare the highest mount ains in my country.
5 My sister lives in United States.
6 She wo rks in Chicago.

5 Correct themistakesin the sentences (1- 7) below.


1 I come from the India.

2 The Paris is popular with tourists.

3 There are many tall buildingsin the Abu Dhabi.

4 There are 3million people in the Nagoya in theJapan.

5 United Kingdom is in the Europe.

6 Many people live in the Cairo.

7 Ural mountainsare in Russia.

UNLOCK RE.ACI N G ANO WRITINGSK.ILLS 1


PLACES '·"''';

ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

SPELLING AND PUNCTUATION

Capital letters
The first letter of the name of acity.the name of acountry and theadjective for
anationality is always acapital letter.

1 Look at the country names and write vowels in the gaps to make the
correct nationality names.

country nationality

China Ch n_s _

India _ nd_ n

Egypt _gypt n

Saudi Arabia s d_

The United Arab Emirates _ m_ r_ t_

Algeria _ lg_ r_ n

Japan J_ p n_s _

Thailand Th

Turkey T_ rL sh

France Fr_ nch

The United Kingdom Br_ t_s h

Canada C n_d_ n

Chile Ch_ l n

2 Correct the punctuation in the sentences (l- 5)below. Add capital lett ers
and full stops.
1 i come from abu dhabi
2 there are many beautiful fountainsin rome
3 the climate is good in the maldives
4 there are four main islands in japan
5 chickenis very popular in malaysia

UNLOCK REAOING ANO WRITING SKll l S I WRITING


WRITING TASK

(;.
UHL« K
ONLINE I Write facts about your country.
1 Read the list of topics and key words you wrote for your country in the
WRITE A FIRST
CriticalThinking section.
DRAFT
2 Write two sentences for each topic. Use the key words to help you.
The. co..piMu of ml:! co1mtrl:I v., Be1-n9Jc:ol::. The.re. v., e1- f(I.Jl)ous muswm
i. r'1 Be1-n9Jc:ok c lled the. NG\.ti.onll..L Muswm.
The. popu!,o..lion of Tho.L14.n<l.. s 70,000,000. The.re. (I.re, mel-nl:I !:10un9
pe.opte. i.r'I ml:! countrl:I.
3 Use the task checklist to review your sentences.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Are your sentences in a logical order?

Did you use the before the names of rivers, seas. o ceans, some
countries and famousplaces?

Did you use the no article (the zero article) befo re the names of
continents. some countries and cities?

Did you use there is... is before a singular noun?

Did you use there are ...is before a plural noun'

Did youbegin names for cities, countries and adjectives for


nationality with acapital lett er?

4 Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

- : \\RITING UNL« K READ


INGANO WRITING St<ILLS 1
PLACES u,1~ 1

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
S Check your ob jectives.

I can ...

watch and understand a


very not very
video about France
well well

read fo r t he main id eas very not very


well well

use capit al letters for city


very not very
and country names we ll well

write facts very not very


well well

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
bank (n) fish (n)
forest (n)
I river (n)
beach (n) road (n)
bridge (n) fountain (n) school (n)
capitalcity (n) hill(n) sea (n)
cliff (n) library (n) shop (n)
desert (n) monument (n) train station(n)
factory (n) mountain (n) university (n)
farm (n) museum (n) valley (n)
field (n) park (n)

UNLOCK R(AOING ANO WRITING SKILLS l WRITING c


Watch and understand a video about Tai-chi and Kung-fu

Reading skills Use your knowledge to understand a text

Academic writingskills Commas

• • •
UNL<.'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Write the sports from the wordbox in the correct column of the table.
Use the glossary on page197 to help you.

football judo karate tennis

martial art ball or team game

..
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
USING VISUALS TO
1 0 Watch the video. Circle the things you see.

PREDICT CONTENT
a busy city a forest pensioners morning tourists
night a teacher young men in traditional clothes
young men in modern clothes an ancient painting

2 Match the opposites. Usea dictionary to help you.


UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY 1 mind a dangerous
2 ftt b weak
3 slow c unlit
4 busy d body
S strong e fast
6 safe f quiet

WHILE WATCHING
30 Watch again. Circle the correct answer (a-c}.
UNDERSTANDING
MAIN IDEAS 1 Why are sport and exercise popular in China?
a because team games are popular
b because health is important
c because famous people do sport and exercise
2 Why are Tai-chi and Kung-fu popular in China?
a because football is not popular
b because people learn Tai-chi and Kung-fu at school
c because Tai-chi and Kung-fu are part of Chinese culture
and history

88 WATCH ANOllSTE.N UNL« REM>ING ANOWRmNGSl<ILI.S 1


SPORT UNIT 5

4 G Watch again. Write words from Exercise 2 in the gaps (1-5). UNDERSTANDING
DETAIL

po!'(AW o"+ - - To.ircni.. l<'.l.4ng fu


/ \ d.Mger s

good. for {v_ _ _ _ _ \fit


+@ _
G)
good. for old.
people

5 Match the people (1-4) below to a sport (a-d).


MAKING INFERENCES
1 Sara is 22. She works in an office. She works a Tai-chi
many hours. She wants to be fit and healthy. b Kung-fu
2 Dandan is15.He is fit and healthy. Helikes c Football
team games. d Tennis
3 Jing Wei is19. She wants to be fit and strong.
4 Andrew is 69. He wants to be healthy.

DISCUSSION
6 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 Why do people do martial arts like Tai-chi?
2 Can yoube fit and healthy and not do sport? How?

UNLOCK READINGANOWRJTlNG SKIU.S 1 WATCH ANO LISTEN 39


READING 1

PREPARING TO READ
1 Match the opposites.
UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY l national a fast
2 excit ing b local
3 slow c boring

2 Write the words from the box in the gaps. Use a dictionary to help you.

player billion competitions result fan million questionnaire

l A_ _ ___ _ has nine 'O's - 1.000,000,000.


2 My favourite football _ _ _ _ _ _ is Fernando Torres.
3 Every new student writes answers to the unive rsi ty _ _ _ _ _ _
4 Ali is a fast runner. He comes first in running _
5 Jolly loves tennis. She is a big o
fhgame.
6 A has six 'O's - 1,000 ,000.
7 The _ _ _ _ _ _ of Liverpo ol 's game is not very good- 7-0!

Using your knowledge


Use your knowledge of the world to ask questions before you read atext.
Questions can:
• give youareason toread
• help you understand.

3 What are the top five favourite sports in the world? Write your
USING YOUR
ideasbelow.
KNOWLEDGE TO
PREDICT CONTENT l
2
3
4
5 _ _ _ _ _ _

4 Work with a partner. Compare your answers to Exercise 3.

WHILE READING
5 Read the text.Match the sports in the box to the correct paragraphs (1- 5).
READING FOR
MAIN IDEAS
Field hockey Motor racing Cricket Tennis Football

• RE,'I.OING I UNLOCK llEAOlNG ANO WRITING Sl<ILlS 1


SPORT U NIT S

- -- •. -■ ;-;_ -

THE WORLD'S TOP FIVE FAVOURITE SPORTS


1 We asked 1,379 people from
18 different countries:
'What is your favourite sport?'.

Here are the results of our questionnaire.


1

This isthe number one sport in the world.There are


over 3.5 billion fans! Millions of children play football
at school.It is also the most popular sport to watch.
Over 700 million people watch theWorld Cup on
television.The most popular national teams are Brazil,
A rgentina and Spain.The most popular local teams are
Manchester United,Real Madrid and Chelsea.
2 _
Ye1sMany people are surprised but it is true.Some
people think this English game isslow and boring.
But many people think it is fast and exciting.It is very
popular in India,Pakistan.S,i Lanka,Australia,New
Zealand and England. 2.2 billion people watch the
World Cup.
3

Another surprise!The number 3 sport in the world


is not basketball or baseball.Almost 2billion people
around the world watch and play field hockey.The best
teams are from Gennany.Australia and Korea.
4
About I billion people in the world watch or playthis
game.The most popular competitions are theAustralian
Open,the French Open.Wimbledon and the US Open.
Rafael Nadal from Spain and Maria Sharapova from
Russia are famous players.
5 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Over I SOmillion people watch Fonnula I on television.
Grand Prix races take place in over 18 countries,
including M alaysiaK.orea.Italy andthe UnitedArab
Emirates.Famous drivers include the Brazilian Ayrton
Senna and Britain's Lewis Hamilton.

UNL<XK R.EAOING ANO WRITINGSXILLS 1 READING 1 91


6 Read the text again. Wr it e true (T) or false (F) next to the statements (1- 8)
SCANNING TO
below.
FIND INFORMATION
1 Brazil has a popular cricket team.
") UNL<>Cl(
(;. ONLINE 2 There is a famous Russian tennis player in the text.
3 Ayrton Senna was fromMalays i a.
4 There are 2.2 bill ion football fans in the world.
5 The Australian Open isa tennis competition.
6 700 million people watch Formula l.
7 Some people think cricket is slow.
8 Basketball is the number 3 sport in the world.

DISCUSSION
7 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (1-3) belo w.
1 What other sports are popular?
2 What are the most popular sports in your country?
3 What is your favourite sport?

READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Circle the three correct answers.
SCANNING TO
PREDICT CONTENT We use capital letters with ...
a nouns
b names of people
c the first word in a sentence
d names of sports
e names of places
2 Scan the text on the opposite page quickly. Find the names of six famous
sportsmen from Brazil. Look for the capital letters to find the names.

3 Work with apartner. Doyouknow the sportsmen in the text?

4 Match the words (1- 6) to the correct meanings (a- f).


UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY l In total a all places
2 everywhere b a place that givesinformationto people
3 everybody c something you buy before you go on a train
4 a tourist office d the whole amount
5 do something online e all the people
6 ticket f use the internet to do someth ing

'--, , READING] UNLOCKA.£AOING ANO WRJTING SKIU.S 1


SPORT UNIT I

WHILE READING
s Read the text. Write (F) for football, (C) for capoeira or (MR) for motor
READING FOR
racing next to the statements below.
DETAIL
1 People play it on the beach.
") UNI.OCI(
2 People do it in the park. (, ONLINE
3 You can watch it in Sao Paulo at lnterlagos Speedway.
4 People from other countriescome to Brazil to learn this sport.
5 Brazilians play this game in their free time.
6 Write words from the text in thegaps.

One of lhe most <1> sports in Brazil is football.


1
Many famous football < > come from Brazil.
1
Another popular sport is < > . You can see groups
of people trainin g in the <•>
(S)
is also popular in Bratil. Many famous
motor-racing < >
6
come from this country.

Capoeira isa

Sport in Brazil popular type


of exercise.

Watch,
learn!

Football is very important in Brazil. People play Peopledocapoeira ingroups. You canwatch
football everywhere, and everybody plays. capoeira groups in the park or in thestreet.
Adults and children play footba·11 1n their free People come from around the world to Brazil to
time. They usually play on football fields, but learn it. Why not learn capoeira when you are
sometimes they play football on the beach or in Brazil?
in the street. Brazil has many world-famous
Motor racing is also popular. Pique!, Senna and
footballers, like Pele, Kaka, and Ronaldinho. In
Massa are famous Formula 1 drivers from Brazil.
total, there are over 13 million players and 29,208
Many Brazilians like motor racing and watch it on
football clubs. If you want to watch a football
television. In November, youcan watch Formula 1
match, youcanbuy tickets from any tourist office. Grand Prix live inSao Paulo at lnterlagos
Football is not the only popular sport in Brazil. Speedway. At other times of the year, youcan
Capoeira is animportant part of Brazilian culture. watch Stock Car Brasil. Youcanbuy tickets for
II is a mix of martial arts, exercise and music. motor-racing events online.
1
READING 2 ?
DISCUSSION
7 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 What sports do people watch on TV in your country?
2 Is it better to watch sport liveor on TV? Why?
3 Which of these activities are good ways to exercise?
a horse riding
b doing housework
c walking
d cooking
e looking after children
f shopp ing
g swimming

UNLOCK READING ANO WR.ITINGSKILLS 1


SPORT 1_,N [T I

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

• Sports collocations
One type of collocation is a verb + a noun or noun phrase. Use the verbs d,o play
and go with nouns for sport and exe rcise.
Usedo with martial arts andsport or exercise you do alone.
I d.o K.l(ng-f\A. We, d.o e-l<erci-5e, for one, no r e.verH morning.
Mei, d.oes 1((1.1",ue..

Use play with team games and sports with a ball.


I footl,(I..(!. We, vo!¼!b(I..(!. Hi.rosh s bo..se.l>(I..(!.
Usego with -ing nouns.
I go ski.mg. We, go swimming. Fo.i,soJ. goes running.

") UNL« K
1 Write t he verbs from the box in the gaps. Use the glossary on page197 (,, ONLINE
to he lp you understand the words in bo ld.

do plays (x2) goes play (x3) go (x2} do

Many childre n d.o karate.


2 We basketball every Sunday.
3 Agata and Ursula jogging on the beach .
4 Ginger squash at lunch times.
S Philip football for the university team .
6 Children in Pakista n _ _ _ cric ket in their free time.
7 ( exercise three times a week.
8 Peo ple in my country baseball at school.
9 Everybody swimming in su mmer.
10 My family horse riding every Sunday.

• Prepositions
The words in,on and at are examples of prepositions.We use prepositions with
particular nouns.
Ad.lAlts o.nci cl1i.u:lre11 ,footboJ.L in tl1eu free, ti.me,.
Th s <AL41 on ,footboJ1, fi.w!s, b«t. sometin>es t:n footbo.U.
on the, beo..cl1 or in the, strm.
People, d..o Cll.p()W'(l. in groops.
We, wcudi footbo.U. on tete.vi6ion.
We h(l.ve, o..nuv,ci.Ls on oor fo.m,.

UNL« IC REAOINGANOWRITINGSKtllS 1 LANGUAGE 0£VELOPM£NT l


2 Write the prepositions in or on in the gaps.
1 Rugby is a popular sport Australia.
2 You play rugby a field called a 'pitch'.
3 Millions of fans watch the Rugby World Cup television.
4 Fans can watch football or cricket astadium.
S Children play tennis the street in summer.
6 Iris goes horse riding a farm.

3 Write the nouns in bold in Exercise 2in the correct column below.
on+ noun in+ noun

• Adjectives
Adjectives describe qualities. Write adjectives:
• before a noun, e.g.good. c.tunm, pop!,(W sport., fo.n,oos er.
• after is/are(not). e.g. FootbaJ.t i.$ e.>Cci.ti.ng. Tenn s i.$ pop!,(W m m9 coonb-9.
Cri.c:l:et ers o.re. t.

4 Write the adjectives in the box next to the correct opposites.

unknown soft boring safe unpopular easy cheap

hard

exciting

dangerous

expensive

diffi cult

popular

famous

UNLCCK R.EAOING AN OW A.ITING SKILLS1


' SPOR T ,,NIT\

CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit, you will write facts.Look at this unit's writ ing task in
the box below.

Write facts about a popular sport in your country.

Ideas maps
An ideas mapcan help youremember new vocabulary and new information.
Anideasmap of Reading1 The World's top five sports is below.

REMEMBER

1
-
,.....--3.5 bn fo-ns Form1,11A 1
motcr r<I.W'\9

fci_ns i.n ln<W.,


PoJ::ihw..n, A1,1stro.l.w..,
New Zeruo-nd..,
£n91.a.nd..

UNWCK RE.401NG ANC> WAITING SKllLS 1 CRITICAL THINKING


C_RE_A_EJ-_---------------- 1-,1 WOO ,4'h • P"'""·Ooare ;do,s map of Ro, d;og 2Spo,t fa '"""
Watch. play. learn!.

2 Use the ideas map checklist to check your ideas map.

IDEAS MAP CHECKLIST

Does your ideas map have three sports?

Are there key words/numbers next to each sport?

Do the names of people and places have capital letters?

Can you use the ideas map to remember the main id eas of
the text?

Does your ideas map have different colours?

3 Look at the ideas maps of other students in the class.

' CRtT,K '\l TH IN KING UNlcX.I( READING ANOWRITING SKILLS 1


SPORT UcJI,i

WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

Subject - Verb - Adjective


A sentence is about a subject. The subject is a pronoun. a noun or anounphrase.
Write the verb after the subject in a sentence. Write a noun. a nounphrase or an
adjective after the verb om/is/are(not).
Noun or noun phrase: M!! f(U}ter i.s o.. MG.tor. M!j si.sw i.s o..
sui.oos st«d-e.nt;.
Adjective: Tet.evi.si.on i.s boring. F<>otbo..U. i.s exciwlg.
Ku.ng-fu i.s dA.nger()(.(S.

1 Circle the option that is true for you or your country. 4")UNl.«K
(.. ONLINE
1 I om/ om not abig fan of sports.
2 Kung-fu is/ is not p opula r in my country.
3 I think football is exciting/ boring.
4 I think motor racing is safe/ dangerous.
5 Tickets for football are cheap/ expensive in my country.
6 It is easy/ difficult to buy tickets for football in my country.
7 Horse riding is I is not expensive in my country.

2 Put the words in order to make a sentence.


1 is/ . / in/ Russia / Ice hockey/ popular

2 Japan/ in/ . / a/ baseball player/ is/ Minoru Iwata/ famous

3 not/ ./ popular/ is/ Basketball / country/ in/ my

4 cheap/ are/ Tickets/ for football f..

5 . / It / tickets/ buy/ fortennis/ to/ difficult / is

Subject - Verb - Adverb


Adverbs can say when (time) or where (place) something happens. Prepositional
phrases can be an adverb.
time: Fo..i.siu plAys Wlni.s on W . RoJ>e.o.. goes swi.mmi.ng m
the iwenmg.
place: ChiUlren pl.o..!J footbo..U. i¥I the sum. I go rc.tnni.ng i.n the -

UNL.X:K REAOIN G AN O WRITIN G SKILLS 1


3 Underline the prepositional phrases in the sentences below .
1 I play tennis on Monday and Wednesday.
2 In summe,rwe go horse riding.
3 I watch Arsenal football club in the stadium.
4 Children go ice skating on the lake.
S Many people play volleyball on the beach.
6 I do judo on Sunday evening.
7 In winter, we go skiing.
8 Ahmed goes surfing in the morning.

4 Write (T) for time or (P) for place next to the prepositional phrases in
Exercise 3.

5 Correct the sentences.


1 People play tennis on the park.

2 Football games are in Wednesday evening.

3 Children play football in the beach.

4 On spring,we play baseball.

S I do exercise in Monday.

ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

Commas
Write commas(,) in a sentence. Commas separate parts of a sentence or things in
alist. Use acomma:
• after aprepositional phrase at the beginning of asentence
• between two nouns in a list.
In summer, we. 90 swi.mmi-ng. In tl,e, e.veni-ngs, I wo..1:c.11 TV.
F<l.i,siu s fool:.b , te.nni.s, bMl:e.l:b mc:l bMeb . He. goe.s to tl,e,
99m on MonM-9, We.c:lne.sM-9, The.<rsM-9 mc:l So..t!ArM-9.

UNl..OCK READING ANO WRITING SKILLS 1


SPORT U'< l ',

1 Correct the punctuation in the sentences. (1-S). Add capital letters,


commas and full stops.
l ayrton senna was a famous driverfrom brazil

2 in winter the children go ice skating

3 in summer we go swimming in the river

4 in may june july and august we play baseball

5 john does karate in the park

SPELLING
2 Put the letters in the correct order to make the names of sports. Use the
glossary on page 197 to help you.
l oftoblal f _
2 sekbatallb b _
3 insnte
h
4 yehcko
5 selbalba b. _

l Put the lette rs in the correct order to make the names of countries.
l ketury T
2 iatwan T
3 inach
4 pajan J
5 razibl B
6 ilehc
7 ostuh okera s
8 edtinu baar irmetsae u

UNLOCt:< READING ANDWRITING SKILLS I


WRITING TASK
") UN L«IC
(., ONLINE Write facts about a popular sport in your co'Ulltry.

PLAN 1 Look at the examples of ideas maps in the Critical thinking section.
Make an ideas map for a popular sport in your country.

2 Write answers that are true for you in the gaps.


WRITE A FIRST
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (name of sport) is very popular in
DRAFT
I _
(your country).
3 Write sentences that are true for your sport.
l Write a sentence about the people that like the sport
(e.g. young people, old people,men, women).
2 Write a sentence about the places people do the sport
(e.g. ina stadium, in o park,on thebeach).
3 Write a sentence about the times people do the sport
(e.g.in summer,in winter, inJuly).
4 Writ e a sentence about famous sportsmen or women in your sport.
S Write a sentence about the number of fans for your sport .
6 Write a sentence about the places you can see your sport.

EDIT
I 7 Write a sentence about the price of tickets for your sport
(e.g. expensive, cheap).
4 Use the task chec klist to review your sentences.

Do your sentences describea popular spo rt in my country?

Does every sentence have a subject and a verb?

Is there an adjective, a noun or a noun phrase after the verb


am/is/are?

Do names of people and countries begin with a capita l lette r?

Is there a comma after a prepositional phrase for time at the


beginning of a sentence?

W RITIN G UNL« K R.£AOING AN D WRITINGSKILLS 1


SPORT UNITS

S Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
6 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch and understand a
video about Tai-chi and very not very
Kung-fu well well

use my knowledge
very not very
to understand a text
well well

use commas very not very


well well

write facts very not very


well well

WORDLIST
UNITVOCABULARY
baseball (n)
basketball (n)
I famous
fan(n)
(adj) national (adj)
online (adj)
boring(adj) ho rse riding(n) player (n)
cheap (adj) ice skating(n) rugby (n)
competition (n) jogging (n) squash (n)
exciting (adj) judo (n) team game (n)
exercise (n) karate (n) tennis (n)
expensive (adj) martial art (n) ticket (n)

UNLOCK RE.AOIN G ANO WRITN


I GSKILLS I
Watch and understand a video about the dabbawallas
Watch and listen
of Mumbai

Reading skills Read a text for detail

Academic writing skills Use contractions

Writing task Write sentences


UNLc.'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Read the sentences (1-5) below and write the jobs from the box in the
gaps. Use a dictionary to help you.

architect manager software engineer


nurse primary school teacher
l A manages people.
2 An designs buildings.
3 A looks after people in
a hospital.
4 A manages software.
5 A teaches young children.
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Write the words in the gaps. Use the glossary on page198 to help you.
UNDERSTANDING
KEY VOCABULARY
symbol cook deliver lunch kitchen paint

1 My brother is a .He makes good food.


2 Children pictures of houses. their mother and their
father.
3 I have a2tpm. I eat with my family.
4 Postmen letters to houses and offices.
5 This is an example of a :•
6There are five rooms in my house. This room ismy _ _ _ _ _ _

WHILE WATCHING
20 Watch the video about the 'dabbawallaso·f Mumbai and circle the
UNDERSTANDING
correct options (a-c).
MAIN IDEAS
1 Mumbai is
a a busy city.
b a quiet city.
c asmall city.
2 Dabbawallas deliver lunch
a to schools.
b to offices.
c tohomes.
3 Dabbawallas deliver food by
a train andbicycle.
b bicycle only.
c car and motorbike.

106 WATCH ANDLISTEN UNLOCK REAOINGANOWI\JTINGS KILLS1


JOBS t_;Nl. 6

3 0 Watch again and circle the correct words in the notes below.
LISTENING FOR
KEY INFORMATION

Vt<ieo - D(l.bb1A.Wo.Uo..$
In M1,m1bo..i, - 2.00,000 co daJ,bQ.1,J(JJJ,as I workers
· Ct> Cooks / [)abbQ.1,Jallas p1Ah L1,mcl1e.s i.n ti,ffi,n MS
Ti,,ffi,n MS m b«s I train sw.ti-on
D(l.bb1A.Wo.Uo..$ <•> write. names I paint symbols on
ti,ffi,n MS
<5> 4,000 / 5,000 M.hb1A.Wo.Uo..$ i.n M1.<mbo..i,

DISCUSSION
4 Work with apartner, Ask and answer the questions below.
1 Is the dabbawallas' job easy or difficult?
2 Do people deliver food to offices and homes in your country?
What kind of food do they deliver?

UNl<>CK READING ANDWRffiNG5"1LLS 1 WJ\lCH ANDLISTEN


READING l

--P-REV--IEW--IN_G I PREPARING TO READ


1 Look at the texts. Where are they from? Circle the correct answer (a-c).
a a website for tourists c a website for food and drink
b a website for jobs

2 Match the sentences. Usea dictionary to help you understand the words
UNDERSTANDING
in bold.
KEY VOCABULARY
1 My mother teaches at a university. a His salary is $120,000 a year.
2 Faisal is an employer. b She has a lot of experience.
3 My sister is a good software engineer. c She trains teachers.
4 Pankaj is an architect in Los Angeles. d His company has 200
workers.

3 Read the sentences (1-6) below and write the words from the box
in the gaps. Use the glossary on page 198 to help you.

full-time fit part-time healthy friendly fluent


1 Fruit is _
2 Daria runs every morning. She is very _
3 Meryem speaks Turkish and English.
4 I have a job. I work two hours after school.
5 Osman is a popular student - he is very _ _ _ _ _ _
6 I have a _ _ _ _ _ _ job. I work from Monday to Friday.

WHILEREADING
4 Scan the texts. Write words from the texts in the gaps.
SCANNING TO
FIND INFORMATION text A texts textC

1 What is the job? (1) pi!c!-, (2.)

2 Which country is the


(3) (4) Jo.po..n
job in?

3 Who is the employer? ki.to.l1iros11i.mo.


Reaji, Hospi.W (5)
Pri.mCU'!j Scl1ool.

4 What is the salary? CNY1(:,,800 pu roontn ((:,) (7)

5 Is the job full-time (g)


FT PT
(FT) or part - tim e (Pl)?

RE.\DING1 UHLQCK REAOIN G AND WRITING SKILI.S 1


JOBS L" I ,.

@ Find_my _job .com


GET HELP! - UPLOAD.YOUR CV

a
f' YOUR SEARCH
ARE A<S): Medicine Renji Hospital
J OB(S) : Renji Hospital is part of Shanghai Jiao Tong
B Email me jobs like this University School of Medicine. We train and teach
doctors and nurses.
RSSFeeds
Wearelooking for a nurse to work at the hospital
LOCATION Q China }
and train student nurses. You have to work ear1y
SALARY FROM a t:trt. i morn ings andlate nights.
SALARY TO a ff;/ _J Applicants must have 10 years· experience. They
must also speak fluent Chinese and English.
SALARY: CNY 16,800 per month
TYPE: Full-time Qnc lud ing weekends)

f' YOUR SEARCH


AREA<S): Aviation FlyHig.b air transport company
JOB(S): Pilot FlyHigh is a small company in Mumbai. We provide
B Email me jobs Jike this privateair transport in Asia.
RSSFeeds Weare looking for a pilot. All our pilots are friendly
LOCATION a India i and speak English, Hindi and Urdu.
SALARY FROM Q /,rrf J Applicants must have 2 years' experience. You have
to work weekends. You must be fit and healthy.
SALARY TO Q M/ J
SALARY: INR 200,000per journey
TYPE: Part-time
Bl
f' YOUR SEARCH
AREA(S): Education Kitahiroshima Primary School
JOB(S), Teacher Kitahiroshima is a private English school. Our staff
IS?l Email me jobs like this are friendly and interested in teaching children.
RSSFeeds We are looking for a Maths teacher to teach
LOCATION a i
JAAl!I'!
grades 1- 3.
Applicants must have a university education.
SALARY FROM Q M/ J
They must speak English.
SALARY ro a Any i SALARY: JPY 320,000per month
TYPE: Full- time

UNLOCK REAOINGANOWRmNG$KILL$ 1 READING1 1


Reading for detail
Reading for detail means checking that you understand a text. One way of
checking for detail isto follow thesteps below:
• Ask aquestion (e.g. Renji Hospital trains nurses - is this trueor false?')
• Scan thetext to find key wordsand sentences (e.g. Renji,train,nurses, doctors)
• Read that sentence to find thecorrect answer.(e.g. We train and teach doctors
and nurses.)

READING FOR DETAIL S Read the texts again. Write true (T) or false (F) next to the statements
(1- 6) below.
,") UNL«K
v ONUNE 1 The pilot at FlyHigh must speak three language.s
2 The teacher at Kitahiroshima Primary School has to teach grade 12.
3 The nurse at Renji Hospital must have 10 years' e xperience.
' 4 Teachers at Kitahiroshima Primary School are friendly.
5 Pilots at FlyHigh have to work nights.
6 The nurse at Ren ji Hosp it al must speak two languages.

READING BETWEEN THE LINES


6 Read the texts again and underline the words from the box below.
WORKING OUT
MEANING FROM
location applicant education medicine
CONTEXT

7 Read the definitions (1-4) below and write the words from the box in
Exercise 6 in the gaps.
1 :asicnthat doctors and nurses study
2 :teaching and learning
3 :aplace
4 :a
person that wants a job

DISCUSSION
8 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 What jobs do people in your family do?
2 Doyouhaveajob?Why/Whynot'
3 Where can you find information about jobs?
4 Which jobs are the most difficult? Why?

READING I UNt.OCK READING ANO WRITING SKILl S 1


)08S UNI l6

READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Read the sentences (1-7) below and write the words and phrases from the
UNDERSTANDING
box in the gaps.Use a dictionary to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
soon fitness instruct or great apply
long hours gym link

1 Tetris is a computer game. I play it every day.


2 This is an example of a : www.cambridge.org
3 You are going to read three texts _
4 Thousands of people fo
jowith Google
r
a
every day.
5 Yunis is a i Liverpool. He teaches people exercise.
6 Doctors andnurses work . They start work early and
they finish late.
7 Phuong likes doing exercise. She goes to the every
morning.

WHILE READING
2 Scan the texts on the next page. Write the correct jobs in the gaps.
SCANNING TO
1 The email to <;ag is about a job as a _ FIND INFORMATION
2The email to Erik is about a job as a _
3 The email to Daria is about a job as a _ ") UNLOCK
(,, ONLINE

3 Scan the texts again. Write the correct city or town in the gaps.
1 Thejo b for <;ag is in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ____
2 Thejo b for Erik is in
3 The job for Daria is in

4 Scan the texts again. Write the correct number(s) in the gaps.
1 Daria must teach grades to _
2 There are students in a fitness class at the gym.
3 The salary for Erik's jo b is ( m
prn.

5 Read the texts again. Write (C) for <;ag, (E) for Erik or (D) for Daria next to
READING FOR
the statements (1-5) below.
DETAIL
1 He/She must be good with people.
2 He/She has to be fluent in three language.s
3 He/She must have two years' experience.
4 He/She has to get up early.
5 He/She must work longhours.

UNL OCK R£AON


I G ANO WRITING SKILLSI READING 2 11
a c_evgi"°1l'nal,oom
k...Lb10010yahoo.oom
Interesting jobfor you!

QaQ!
I have found a great job for you.It's for a full-time frtness instructor. The jobis at David
Allen's IrishGymin Manchester.
You have toget upearly in the morning. There are12students in each group. You
have to be very friendly andgood wtth people. The wages are very good - they pay
£28anhour. Youdon't have to work onFriday or Saturday.
I think you'll like this job. Here's the link: www.ukjobs.eo.uk/Rtness-instructor
Apply soon!
Karel

Erik,
I have found a greatjob for you. It'sin Oslo-here's the link:wwwitcompnm,org/jobs
I know thiscompany.
The job is for a software engineer. It's full-time. They pay.£4,150 per month!
You must have a university degree(in computer science!) and you have to have 2years'
experience. It alsosays that you must speak Norwegian. You don't have to speak fluent
Norwegian - so it'sOK for you.
Please apply soon!
Love,
Momx

akhrorova..dasha4!>hotmall.com
olly _murgatroyd gmail.com
Do you want a job In a great country?

Dear Daria,
I hope you're well. I have a great job for you. I think you'll like it - it's in South Korea!
I know you love Korean movies, especially movies with Cha Tae-hyun.
The job is in Yeonggwang. It's a small town in the south of the country.
The job is at a high school. You have to teach English and French to grades 10 to 12.
You speak fluent English and French (and Russian!)
You don't have to speak Korean so this is a great Job for you. You have to work long
hours. But you are a very serious teacher. I know you work hard.
Here's the link: www.skoreaiobs,com/Educatjon/HS/Languages
Good luck!

READIN G 2 UNL<>CtC R.E.AOING AND WRITING SKILLS 1


JOBS UN IT 6

DISCUSSION
6 Work with apartner. Ask and answer me quesrions below.
l What jobs are popular with young people in your country?
2 What job(s) would you like to do?
3 What job(s) would you not like to do?

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
VOCABULARY FORJOBS
; ") UNL<>Cl<
1 Make sentences about jobs. Write the verb phrases from the box in the V ONLINE
correct places in column B of the table.

prepares food builds houses makes movies


looks after animals looks after money gives people medicine
looks after passengers putsout fires manages people

I
A B C
. Job s activities locations

l A vet

2 A manager

3 A doctor

4 A builder in towns and cities.

5 An accountant in a company.

6 A chef

7 A fireman in townsand cities.

8 A flight attendant

9 An actor plays a character

10 A film director in different countries.

2 Write the prepositional phrases from the box in the correct places in
column C of the table. Remember to write the full stop.

in hospital. in a movie. in farms and zoos.


in an office. in a restaurant. ona plane.

1
UNL( >CK
' REAOINGANO WRITING SKIU,S 1 LANGUAGE DEVELOPMEN T
Adjective phrases
An adjective phrase describes the subjec t of the se nte nce . The adjective phrase is
after a form of the verb to be.
One type of adjective phrase is very• an adjective.
Pi.lots ho..ve. l:o be. Ve.I'!:! i.nte.U¼e.nt.. N«rse.s m«st be. Ve.I'!:! l:i.nd..

Ano ther type of adjective phrase is an adjective + and + an adjective.


Pi.lots lllf.4$t. be. fit, o.nd, huU,11!:I, N«rse.s ho.,ve. l:o be. l:i.nd. (I.I\«, h L.

Another type of adjective phrase is good at • a noun or good with • a noun.


Pi.lots ho..ve. l:o be. 9ood. o.t, Mo.t,hs. N«rse.s m«st be. good. wi.t:n pecpl,e,.

3 Read the sentences{1- 10) and circle the best words and phrases.
1 A fireman has to be smart I fit and strong.
2 A primary school teacher has to be good with food / kind and patient.
3 A fireman doesn't have to be good with people I fit andhealthy.
4 A doctor must be very intelligent I very fit and strong.
5 A nu rse does n't have to be good with computers/ good with people.
6 A software engineer has to be good at Maths / kind and patient.
7 A flight attendant has to be polite and friend ly / creative.
8 A film d irec to r must be very creative I politeond frien dly.
9 An actor doesn't have to be beautiful I creative.
10 A chef has to be goad with food / smart.

CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit, you will wr ite se nte nce s. Look at th is u nit's writing
task in the box below.

I Write a description of a job for a friend.

Questionnaires
A questionnaire isa list of questions. We usequestionnaires to discover new
Information.
One kind of questionnaire is a Likert scale. In a Ukert scale, you read a statement
then circle the answer that istrue for you.

1 CRITICAL THINKING UNL<i'Ck READING ANO WRITING SKILLS1


JOBS UNIT c,

1 Read the statements and circle the answer that is true for you.

1 = strongly disagree
2 =disagree
3 = neither agree nor disagree
4 =agree
5 = strongly agree

1 I am very healthy. 7 I am very smart.


l 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

2 I am fit and strong. 8 I am good at Maths.


l 2 3 4 5 l 2 3 4 5

3 I am good with people. 9 I am very creative.


1 2 3 4 5 l 2 3 4 5

4 I am very patient. 10 I am good with computers.


1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

5 I am kind and helpful. 11 I am good with animals.


l 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

6 I am good with children. I am good at foreign languages.


1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

2 Work with a partner. Read your partner's answers to the questionnaire.


APPLY
Choose the best job for your partner from the box below.

manager software engineer doctor


teacher actor fitness instructor
vet

UNLOCK R.E.AOING ANOWRITING SKILLS 1 CRITICAL THINKING, I '


WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• must and have to


We can use must + infinitive or have to + infinitive to say that something is
necessary.
Doci:ors n,1,1st, be. inteW,gent. Doc.t-Ors ho.ve to be inteW,gent. Doc.tors
n,1,1s t, ho.ve o. 900<L ed..CAG<A.ti.on. Doc.tors ho..ve. to ho..ve. o. 900<L ed..CAG<A.ti.on.
We use must + infinitive for /, you,he, she,it, we and they.We never use must to
+ infinitive.

J, 11cuse iliCcJb be be ki:..., d:: ocad:, l.etpfuct. A nlAtse. mtA.st be kind., o..nd..
helpfv.L.
We use have to + infinitive for /,you, we and they.
Mo..no.gers ho..ve. t-0 be. good, wi.U1 pe.opt.e.. Th h o.ve.to l>e. good. wi.U1
pe.opt.e..
We use has to + infinitive for he.she and it.
A mo..no.ger ho.s to be. goO<L wi.U1 peopLe.. He ho.s to l>e. 900<L wi.U1 peopte..
") UNI.OCl<
(, ONLINE 1 Correct the mistakes in the sent ences (1-8) below.
1 A bu ilder musts be strong andhealthy.
2 Fireman have wo rk long hours.
3 A manager have to be help ful.
4 Teachersmust patient.
5 A software engineer must to be good at Maths.
6 Vets have good with animals.
7 An architect must to creative.
8 An actor must to play a character in a movie.

have to
We can use do not have to/ does not have to + infinitive to say that something
is not necessary.
We use do not have to + infinitive for /, you. we and they.
Ac.tors d,o not ho..ve. to l>e. 9000. wi,U, compv.ters.
We use doesnot have to + infinitive for he. she and it.
A fU.m <ii.re.ct-Or Mes not ho.ve. to l>e good, o.t, Mc,.t,hs.

We do llQ1use must not + infinitive to say that something is not necessary.

I • WRITING UNL«K R.EAOING ANO WAITING Stell.LS l


JOBS UNIT 6

2 Put the words in order to make sentences.


1 does/ have/ houses/ build / to/ An/ not/ architect/ .

2 and/ manager/ to/ A/ not/ does/ be/ patient/ kind/ have/ .

3 computers/ have/ be/ not/ do/ with / Nurses/ to/ good/ .

4 smart/ be/ Acto rs / not/ have/ do/ to/ .

S A/ teacher/ French / have/ good / Maths/ be/ at/ not/


does/ to/.

6 strong/ doctor/ A/ does/ have/ be/ to/ not/ .

• Joining sentences with and


Asentence always has a subject and a verb. We use and to join two sentences
that have the same subject and verb. We do not have to repeat the subject and
verb if it is the same in beth sentences.
Sentences land 2:
YotA l'l ve. to be. ve.i-M fri.e.n . YotA l'l ve. to be. good. wW1 pe.opt.e..

Join sentences1and 2 wit h and: •



YOtA h ve. to be. ve.i-M fri,e.n o..nd. MOlA h ve. to be. good. wW1 pe.op.

Do not repeat the same subject and verb:


YotA h ve. to be. Ve.l'M fri.e.n o..nd. g o« h .o co be good, wW1 pe.opt.e..

New sentence: •
3 Jo in each pair of sentence s (l-4) below to make one sentence with and.
1 Applica nts must be smart. Applicants must be polite .

2 You do not have to be fit. You do not have to be strong.

3 Firemenhave to be fit. Firemen have to be healthy.

4 Daria has to teach English. Daria has to teach French.

UNL«K kEAOING ANC>WAITING St<ll,LS I WRITING


ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

PUN CTU ATION

Contractions
We can join two words with anapostrophe ('). The jo ined wordiscalled a
contraction.
I (1.,11> d.oci:or. I'm d.oci:or.
Phi¼> s <A-n engixle.er. Pl1Ui,p's n engi,ne.er.
Theii Me o..Ychi,te.c.ts. Theire C1Xci1i,te.c.ts.
One kind of contraction is do not don't and does not doesn't.
Yo1,1 d,o not h ve, to be goO<L M s. Yo1,1 d.on't h ve, to be good,
M ths.
She d.oes not h ve, to be, strong. She d.oesn't ho.ve, to be strong.
We do not usually usecontractions in academic writing. We can use contractions
in emails to friends.

Rewrit e the sentences below (1- 5)with no contractions.


1 I'm very happy.

2 Daria's a serio us t eacher .

3 Hamdan 's a good friend

4 I hope you're well.

5 You don't have to work on Friday.

I WRITING UNLOCK REAOINGANDWR.lTINGSKll.lS 1


JOSS UN T 6

WRITING TASK

I Write a description of a job for a friend. ')


(,.
UNLc:>CK
ONLINE

1 Look at your partner'sanswers to the quest io nnaire in


WRITE A FIRST
the Critical Thinking section. Write inform ation about a
DRAFT
job for your partner in the email below.

Dear _ _ _ _ _ _ (write your partner's name),

I hope you're well. I have a great job for you. I think you'll like it - It's in
__ _ _____ _ _ _ (write the name of country)!
The job is in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (write the name of the
c ity /tow n. ) It _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

( writea sentence to describe the city).


The job is for a _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ (write thename of
the job). It's (writefull-timeor part-time). The salary
is (writethe salary) per month.

(Write sentences about the job. Use!11.l.!.fil and have to with


adjective phrases.)
Here's the link: www.discoverjobs4yo.cuom
Good luck!
_____ ____ _ _ (write your name)

UNLOCK R£A0 1NGANO WIUftNG SKlll S 1 \" JRITING , I


EDIT
I 2 Use the task checklist to review your sentences.

TASK CHECKLIST
Do yo ur sentences use must and have to to say that something
is necessary?
Do your sente nces usedo/ does nothave to to say that
somet hing is not necessary?
Do your sentences use adjecti ve phrases to describe a job
appl icant ?

Do your sentences use contractions?

3 Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
4 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch andunderstand
a video about the very not very
dabbawallas of Mumbai well well

read a text for detail very not very


well well

use contract ion s very not very


well well

writ e sent ences very not very


well well

WRITING UNL<?CK READINGANO WRITINGSKll,I.S 1


JOBS Ul'J' I

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
bicycle (n) healthy (adj) medicine (n)
building(n) hospital (n) nurse (n)
cook(n) kitchen(n) paint (v)
friendly (adj) lunch (n) software (n)
great (adj) manager(n) soon(adv)

UNL« K REAOINGANOWRITINGSKILLS 1
Watch and understand a video about Shanghai

Readingskills Use visuals to predict the content of a text

Academic writing skills Double the consonant in one-syllable words


J,QMES AND BUILDING-S UNIT7

.....' ··.·. - .....


·:;...· .,. l ...-: -.-·. .... : .... .·

_ -,,.- u..;: ' -: .-: . .

..
· - ..

.·-·
:-·.. -- -
I -
··----.....
UN L<'.>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 Do you live in a house or an apartment?
2 Do youlike tallbuildings? Why/ Why not?
J Are there any tall buildings in your city?
WATCH AND LISTEN

" II
j
fff
.-· J-
I .....1i-, - . ·- -.\-•, -
,
l I
. Y.ffXY I ' • i.' :
"J I S'?? \. . , !' , ,· ' \ - ,:_,•_ '. · • • , .

-'. ··.-, • -· _
I
u,
- -. 1/C d..-
I.: -- ·•.-',rf.'.i-_.- II.H ·
:'/;,; -···e •- - _
· .l,
\V , .-' ""'
It : ·, i r,t
:".:·' l ,,r
- ,,
I
- :. , · !i:ll. I_ ,

• 'I _
_l! u 1· _- 2 1. ' - . 'j7 ,'j'

. _
1 ' . i ci- : L , : · '• \
.. . .

E.. - ... , . f,

KNOWLEDGE TO
USING YOUR
PREDICT CONTENT

PREPARING TO WATCH

1 You are going to watch a video about Shanghai. Before you watch. circle

the correct options (a-c).


b a busy city in China.
l Shanghai is

c a bigcity in Vietnam.

a the

2 Today. the population of Shanghai is

capitalcity of a 8 million.

b 14 million.

c 23million.
China

3 Thepopulation of Shanghai today is

a smaller than in 1990.


bc bigger
the same as in
than 1990.
in1990.
4 Today, Shanghai needs more
a homes.
b ffices. c
jobs.
o
HO M ESAND BUILDIN GS e,NI r ;

2 Check the meanings of the words in the table below. Use the glossary on
UNDERSTANDING
page 198 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
A 8
see hear

swimming pool

restau
rants

shopping mall

traffic

park

offices

leisure centre

shop

lights

apartments

3 0 Watch the video withno sound.Puta tick( ) next to things you


USING VISUALS TO
n
i
column A in the table.
PREDICT CONTENT

WHILE WATCHING
4 g Watch the video with sound. Check your answers to Exercise 1. UNDERSTANDING
MAIN IDEAS
S G Watch again. Put a tick { ) next to things you he.ar in column 8.
LISTENING FOR KEY
INFORMATION
DISCUSSION
6 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 Is your city bigger or smaller than Shanghai?
2 Is your city busier or quieter than Shanghai?
3 Is therea shopping mall or leisure centre near your home?

UNl.«K READING ANOWlUTJNG Sl<JLLS 1 \VATCH ANDLISTEN


READING 1

PREPARING TO READ
1 Write the words from the box in the correct places in the table below.
UNDERSTANDING
Use the glossary on page 198 to help you. For some words, more than one
KEY VOCABULARY
answer is p ossible.

roof tall glass plastic narrow garden ceiling


wall window metal room mirror

things inside a things outside adjectives to materials


house a house describe a
house

Using visuals to predict content


Visuals canbe photographs, pictures, graphs or tables. Newspapers and magazines
have a lot of photographs. You can use thephotographs to help you understand
thetopic ofthe text.

2 Circle the phrases (a-d) to make statements you agree with .


USING VISUALS TO
PREDICT CONTENT I think the buildings in the photos are
a creative. c environmentally friendly.
b not expensive. d in the same cit y.

WHILE READING
3 Read the text and tick the boxes in the table below.
SCANNING TO
FIND INFORMATION windows are has a small
rooms are
different has glass walls garden on the
narrow
shapes roof

Japanese steep
roof house

Vietnamese
'garden ho me'

,
I UNL«K REAOIN G ANO WRITIN G SKILLS I
READING I
HOMES AND BUILDINGS u;,111 I

Architect's World EXPERT


IN TERV
IEW
Professor Michael Chan teachesdesign to young architects at London
School of Architecture. He has been at theschool for 30 years.There
have been many chane gs in home design in the last 30 years.This wee k,
MichaelChan tellsus more about new home designaround the world.

Architec'ts World: What are AW: What do you think about 'green· AW: What are popular
your favourite home designs? homes? buildingmaterials?
Michael Chan: I like Japanese MC: It isveryimportant tobuildhouses MC: WOOd isverypopular.
designs. Many people in Japan that areenvironmentally friendly. My It keeps your house warm
bufldhouses withunusual favourite green house is inS8igon. Vietnam. inwinter. Many architects
shapes. For example, thesteep It isa·garden home·<seephotocentre use wooo, metal andglass.
roof house<see photoabove). above). Thishouse isin themiddle ofa busy Sometimes they use unusual
Thishouse isverytalland has citybut there areplants everywhere. From buildingmaterials. For
asteeproof. The windows on thestreet, people see a tallgarden. Butin example, one arehitect from
the roof are different shapes fact it isa house. Thereareplants andtrees Amsterdam putmirrors on
and sizes.Inside thehouse, the infront of theglass walls.Thereis alsoa every wallof the house (See
rooms areverynarrowandthe smallgardenon topof theroof. Youcan photoabove). Otherarehitects
ceilingsareveryhigh. ttissimple put chairsanda table there and enjoytea designhouses withglassor
andverysmallinside. withyour family. evenplastic walls.

4 Read the interview again. Write true (T) or false (F) next to the
READING FOR
statements (1- 6) below.
DETAIL
1 Professor Chan's favourite home designs are Korean.
? UHLoa<
2 Steep roof houses are small and narrow inside. (;. ONLINE
3 Professor Chan says it isimportant to build more homes in Vietnam.
4 The 'garden home' is in the centre of abigcity.
S Woodis more popular than plastic .
6 In Amsterdam,many architects put mirrors on the walls.
UNLOCK READING ANO WRITINGSKILLS I
READING 2

1 PREPA RING TO READ


P_RE_V-tE_W_t_N_G _, 1 Look at the text and the picture.Read the sentences (1-3) below and
circle the correct words.
1 The text is from a/an dictionary/ encyclopedia.
2 'Skyscraper· is a word for a famous actor I tall building.
3 The texthas facts for tourists/ students.

2 Read the sentences (1- 5)below and write the words from the box in the
UNDERSTANDING
gaps.Use the glossary on page198 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

world-famous open modern floor lift

1 The shops atam in the morning.


1 Some _______________ buildings are very unusual.
2 There is a nice restaurant on the second _ _ _ _ _ _
3 You can take a h
t
to fhbuilding.
t
p
S The Eiffel Tower is _ _ _ _ _ _

WHILE READING
3 Scan the text. Write words from the text in the gaps in the table below.
SCANNING TO
FINDINFORMATION Shanghai
"') UNLCCIC World Financial Taipei101 BurjKhalifa
(;. ONLINE
Center

country China Taiwan UAE

(\)
city Shanghai Taipei
height (m) (l) (l) 829

year 2008 2004 2010

numbe r of (<)
101 163
floors

number of lifts (S)


61 57

cost (USO) 850,000,000 (6) 1,500,000,000

R.£ADING 1 UNL<X:K R.E.AOIN G ANO WRITINGSKILLS I


HOMES AND BUILDINGS UN IT I

I Skyscrapers
What are skyscrapers?
Skyscrapers are very tall buildings. They areusually more than 300 metres tall.
You can see skyscrapers in cities around the world. Many countries build skyscrapers
to attract tourists. There aremany skyscrapers in Asia, theGulf, America andEurope.
Inside a skyscraper, there are offices, shops, restaurants and apartments.

What are some famous skyscrapers?


The Empire State Building in New York is a world-famous skyscraper. It has twomillion visitors
every year. It is popular with tourists but there are taller and more modem skyscrapers in the
Gulf and in Asia. TheShanghai World Financial Center in China, Taipei 101 in Taiwan and the Burj
Khalifa in Duba,i the UAE, are taller than the Empire StateBuilding. The Burj Khalifa is taller than
the World Financial Center and Taipei 101. Taipei101is taller than the World Financial Center.
TheBurj Khalffa is also more modern than theother two buildings. It opened in 2010.

How much money do skyscrapers cost?


Skyscrapers are very expensive. They cost more money than other buildings.
The BurjKhafifa cost$1,500,000.000 tobuild. It was more expenSive than the
World Financial Center ($850.000 ,000 ) but it was cheaper than Taipei 101.
Taipei 101 cost $1,760 ,000,000.

What is inside a
skyscraper?
The Burj Khalifa has 163 floors.
This is more thanTaipei 101 or the
World Financial Center. They have
101 floors each. All skyscrapers
havelifts. Taipei 101 hasmore lifts
than the BurjKhailfa or the World
Financial Center. It has61 lifts.
The Burj Khalifa has 57 liftsbut
the World Financial Center has
only 31. Many skyscrapers also
have shopping centres or malls
inside them. A lot of people come
shopping everyday.

Shanghai World Taipei 101 Burj Khalifa


Financial Center (2004) 509 m (2010) 829 m
(2008) 492 m

UN.LOCK f:t OING ANDWRITINGSKILLS I READING 2 ,,


Pronouns
You can match pronouns to nouns to help you understand a text.
Sl::!jSc.ro..pe.rs ue ve.r!l W.U bv.i..Ld,i,ngs. Thf-!! [They= Skyscrapers] ue
1AS1Aa!¼l more tl1o.n 300 m W.U.
Tue, Empi.re, StoJ;e, &1ALlAi.n9 i,n New Yori:: i,s o.. worLl:l-fo..moos Sl::!jsc.ro..pe.r.
I t [It = The Empire State Building] 11o..s two mUUon vi-si.t-Ors e.Ve.l'!j !je.o..r.

4 Match the buildings in the box to the pronouns in boldin the sentences
UNDERSTANDING
(1-4) below.
DISCOURSE

Shanghai World Financial Center Taipei101 Burj Khalifa

1 It was mo re expensive than the Shanghai World Financial Center


($850,000,000) or the Burj Khalifa ($1,500.000.000).
2 It opened in 2010.
3 They have 101 floors each.
4 It has 61lifts.

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
VOCABULARY FOR BUILDINGS
"') UNL«lC 1 Read the sentences (1- 8) below and write the words from the box
(, ONLINE
in the gaps.

cinema ice rink Library museum Hotel


mall Stadium train station

l There are over 140 different shops in the Al Wahda _


i Abu Dhabi.
2 In Wembley i London, 90.000 fans can watch
football.
3 The lzmailovo _ _ _ _ _ _ in Moscow has 2,000 rooms you can
stay in.
4 You can watch 3D movies at the i thWestfield
shopping centre in London.
5 More trains and passenge rs go to the Gare du N ord _
i Paris than to King's Cross station in London.
6 You can see many treasures and famous paintings at the Louvre
i Paris.
7 In winter, you can skate at the outside the
Rockefeller Center in New York.
8 There are over 30,000,000 books in the National of
h
C
a. in

LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT UHL R.E,AOING ANO WRITING SKILLS I


HOMES AND BUILDINGS UNI r I

VOCABULARY FOR PARTS OF BUILDINGS


2 Read the sentences (1-S) and circle the correct words. Usea dictionary to
help you.
1 You can leave your car in the garden/ car pork.
2 You can ride on the escalator/ stairs to the next floor.
3 You go into a building through the entrance/ exit.
4 You can wakl up the escalator/ stairs to the next floor.
5 Youmust go to the entrance/ exit to get out if there is a fire.

ADJECTIVES
3 Match the adjectives (1-6) to their opposites (a- f).
1 big a ugly
2 wide b cheap
3 tradit ional c narrow
4 old d small
5 expensive e modern
6 beautiful f new

UNLOCK RE.AOIN G ANOWRITINGSKIL.lS I LANGUAGE 0£.VELOPM[NT l:,l


CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit, you will write a comparison. Look at this unit's
writing task in the box below.

J Writea comparison of two buildings.

Comparison of data
Data are facts or information about something. Data are often numbers.
If we compare the facts orinformation about two or more things. we make a
comparison of data.

1 Read the data in Table 7.1belo w. Write the words from the box in
UNDERSTAND
the gaps (1- 3).

size year location

Table 7.1:Comparison of shopping malls

Country Metro Istanbul SM Mall of


name
Club Plaza Centre Cevahir Asia

The
country USA UK Turkey
Phiilppines

(1)
Kansas City Gatesnead Istanbul Manila

(2)
1922 1986 2005 2006

lll
223,000m 2 194J,00m 2 420,000m2 407,1012m

number of
floors 1 2 6 6

number of
shops 92 340 343 780

number of
restaurants 48 25 48 300

number of
cinemas 12 12 12 11

UNL<XK READING ANO WRITING SIClll S 1


HOMES AND BUILDINGS U·, T I

2 Work with apartner. Choose two shopping malls from Table 7.1. Ask and
ANALYZE
answer the questio ns 0- 8). Write your answers on the lines belo w.
1 Which mall is more modern?

2 Wh ich mallis older?

3 Which mallisbigger?

4 Wh ich mall is smaller?

S Which mallis taller?

6 Which mall has more shops?

7 Which mallhas more restaurant s?

8 Which mall has more cinemas?

UNLOCK REAOIN GANOWAITING S.KlllS 1 CRITICAL THIN KING


WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

Comparing quantities
We can compare quantities with more + a noun or a noun phrase + than.This
phrase comes after the subject and the verb.
To..i,pei, 101 11M more. li,fts tha.n the. S11a.ngl1o.i, World. Fi-na.ncio..l. Cenw.
Sl::gscr e.rs cost more. mon tha.n otl1e.r 1>1.1wUn9s.
The. lzmo..i!ovo Hotel i,n Moscow ho.:; more. rooms tha.n the. HUton
Ne.w Yori::.
") UN LOCK
(.. ONLINE 1 Put the words and phrases in order to make sentences.
1 The Burj Khalifa / more/ floors/ Taipei 101/ has/ than/ .

2 visito rs/ than/ has/The Louvre museum/ the British Museum/ more/.

3 more/ than/ TheIstanbul Cevahir /the SM Mall of Asia/has/ cinemas/.

4 has/TheSM Mall of Asia/ restaurants/ than/more/ the Metro Centre/.

5 shops/ has/The Metro Centre/ than/ theCountry Club Plaza/ more/.

WRITING UNLOCK READING ANO WRITING SKILLS I


HOMESANDBUILDINGS UN ll I

Comparative adjectives
Adjectives have three forms when we make comp arisons. We use syllables to
choose the correct form. A syllable is a word or part of a word with one
vowel sound.
Adjectives with oneor two syllables: small.old,wide.narrow. quiet
Weadd -(e)r + than.
It s smo.lLer l:n«.n Tlti.pei, 101. It i,:; ol.d,e.r l:n«.n l:ne. Metro Centre.. It s wi-
<:le.r l:n«.n o.. !:\jpi.c.oJ. Jo..p«.ne.se. 110!.<se.. YotAr room s no..rrow e.r l:n«.n mH
room. MH town s qtA l:n«.n Loncion.

Adjectives with two syllables that end in aconsonant + -y:ugly, busy


Add -ier (we replace -y with -,) + than.
Thi,:; 1101:cl s tAglut l:n«.n l:no..t 1101:cl. S11o.ngl1 s l>!.<SW l:n«.n
Kiu\SM Ci,!:\j.

Adjectives with two or more syllables: expensive. beautiful. modern


We usemore + adject ive + than.
The. BtArj 1<11,ili,fo.. s more. mO<ie.rn l:no.n tl1e. £mp e. Sto..!;e, B!.<Ud.i.ng.
TIA.i.pei, 101 i,:; more. e.><pwswe. l:no.n l:ne. B!.<rj Khlili,fo... SM McuL of As
s more. mod,e,rn l:n«.n tl1e. Metro Cwl:re..

2 Correct the mistakesin the sentences (1-8) below.


1 The Louvre museum is popular the British M useum.

2 The SM Mall of Asia is moreof modern the Istanbul Cevahir.

3 The Country Club Plaza is more small the Istanbul Cevahir.

4 Modern buildings is uglyer that traditional buildings.

S The SM Mall of Asia taller the Metro Centre.

6 Wood ismore expensive that plastic.

7 This street is many narrow than the main road.

8 New York is more busy than Kansas Cit y.

UNL OCK READING ANO WRITING SKIU.S 1 WRITING '


Joining sentences with but
A sentence always has a subject and a verb. Usebut to join two sentences that
have a different subject.
Sentences 1and 2:
ToJ,pei, 101 i-s wt.. The. Burj Khcili,f i,s to..Uer tno.n To.i,pei, 101.

Join sentences1and 2 with but:


'
ToJ,pei, 101 i.s wt. wt the. Burj Khcili,f i,s to..Uer tno.n ToJ,pei, 101.

'
Do not repeat than + noun phrase after a comparison:
To.i,pei, 101 i.s ta.il but tne. B1,1rj Kh(ili,f i.s Wle.l 1::h . "N:i:yci 101.

New sentence:
ToJ,pei, 101 i.s ta.il wt '
tne. Burj Khcili,f i.s t-1.1.U.er.

3 Join each pair of sentences below to make one sentence with bu t.


1 The Metro Centre has more floors than the Country Club Plaza. The
Country Club Plaza has more restaurants than the Metro Centre.

2 The Istanbul Cevahir has more cinemas than the SM Mall of Asia.The
SM Mall of Asia has more shops than the Ist anbul Cevahir.

3 The Metro Centre is more modern than the Country Club Plaza. The
Country Club Plaza is bigger than the Metro Centre.

4 The SM Mall of Asia is bigger than the Country Club Plaza. The Country
Club Plaza is older than the SM Mall of Asia.

' 1 WRITING UNLOCK A.EA()IN G ANO WRITING $Kill $ 1


HOMES AND BUILDINGS ucJlf 1

ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

Spelling: double consonants


Vowels are the letters a. e.i, o andu. The other letters in the alphabet are
consonants: b, c ,d, f. etc. We sometimes repeat a consonant in somecomparative
adjectives and some verb forms. If we repeat aconsonant. we double it.
We double the consonant if:
• the wordhas one syllable
• the last two letters of the word are a vowel+ aconsonant
• the last consonant isnot -y.

comparative adjectives: big bigger, , tl1u-1 t:hu-1ner


the -ing forms of some verbs: swi,m swi-mmi-ng, r!An r!Annl-l'lg,
shop shoppu-19

1 Read the text below and correct the underlinedwords. Correct the
spelling and/or add any missingcapital letters.

What are mals?


Malls are big buildings for shooing. They are near
big cities. Sometimes they are inside skyscrapers.
Many cities have more than one mall. Mallshave
restorants and sinemas. The restaraunts are!2ise!
than restrants in the city.Some malls also have gyms
and swiming oools.

The country club plaza in kansas cjty inthe united


was the first mallin the world. It is popular
today but thereare Qige.[malls in america. europe.
the9l.!!f and a§ia.

UNL«K A£A01NG ANOWAITING SXILLS 1


WRITING TASK

(,
UNI.OCK
ONLINE
I Write a comparison of two buildings.

--W-RI-
TE-
A F-
IR-
ST -- 1 Choose two shopping malls from Table 7.1 in the Critical Thinking section.

D_R_AFT 2 Wri te sentences on the topics below.


1 Write the names of your malls.
2 Write the location of your malls.
3 Compare the age of your malls.
4 Compare the size of your malls.
5 Compare the number of floors in your malls.
6 Compare the number of shops in your malls.
7 Compare the number of restaurant s in your malls.
JI 8 Compare the number of cinemasin your malls.
3 Use the task checklist to review your sent ences.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Did you compare two malls?

Do your sentences have than after acomparative adjective?

Do your comparativeadjectives with oneor two syllables end


· (e)r?
Do your comparative adjectives with onesyllable that end in a
vowel + a consonant have double consonants?
Do your comparative adjectives with two syllables have more +
adjective + than?

Do your sentences which compare quantities have a subject and


verb+ more+ a noun or a noun phrase + than?

4 Makeany necessary changes to your sent ences.

WRITING UNL«K READING AN O WRrTING S!CILLS I


HOMES AND BUILDINGS LNI' '

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
5 Check yourobject ives.

I can ...

watch and understand a


not very
video about Shanghai very
well well

use visuals to predict the not very


content of a text very
well well

double the consonant in


very not very
one-syllable words
well well

write a comparison very not very


well well

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
apartment (n) park(n)
ceiling (n) plastic (n)
floor (= level of a building) (n) restaurant (n)
garden (n) roof (n)
glass(n) room (n)
leisure centre (n) shop (n)
lift (n) shopping mall (n)
light (n) swimming pool (n)
mirror (n) tall{adj)
modern (adj) traffic (n)
office(n) wall (n)
open (v) , window(n)

UNL« K READING ANO WlllTING SKll.l$ I \'WRITING


Watch and understand a video about food in Mexico

Reading skills Skim

Academic writingskills Spell adjectives for food and drink


UNlc.")(K YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions (1-3) below.
1 What is your favourite food?
2 What food is popular in your country?
3 What food is traditional in your country?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Match the nouns to the definitions. Use the photos and the glossary on
UNDERSTANDING
page199 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
1 chef a a sweet, brown food
2 market b aplace where you can buy and eat food
3 restaurant c a place where people buy or sell things
4 chocolate d someone whose job is to cook food

2 Read the sentences {1-4) below and write the nouns from Exercise 1 in
the gaps.
1 My clad is a .Hmakes delicious pi zzas.
2 I like eating _
3 There is a new i mtown. You can eat Mexican
food there.
4 I go to the every day to buy fruit and vegetables.

WHILE WATCHING
3 0 You are goingto watch a video about Mexican food. Watch the
UNDERSTANDING
whole video.read the statements {1-6) below and write true (T) or
MAIN IDEAS
false (F).
1 Chocolate comes from Mexico.
2 Martha Ortiz isa chef.
3 Martha isopeninga new shop.
4 Victor Zapatero is a chef.
5 Mole is a sauce from Argentina.
6 Martha puts chocolate in the mole sauce.

142 WATCH ANOLISTEN UNL«IC READING ANDWRffiNGSKll.l.S I


FOOD AND CULTURE UN IT 8

40 Watch the video again. Answer the questions.


LISTENING FOR KEY
1 Where is Mexico? INFORMATION

2 What is Mexico famous for?

3 What is the biggest city in Mexico?

4 What is very important to the people of Mexico?

50 Watch the whole video again. Choose the correct answers (a, b or c).
1 Martha Ortiz lives in _ _ .
a Mexico City b Guadalajara c Monterrey

2 Martha is going to .
a a clothes shop b the supermarket c amarket
3 Martha what she wants.
a doesn't find b finds c can't find

DISCUSSION
6 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions below.
l What food do youusually eat with your family?
2 Can you cook? What food do you enjoy cooking?
3 What different restaurants are there in your town? Do you go to any
of them? Which is your favourite?

UNLOCK READINGANDWR.ITING S.Klll.S 1


READING 1
PREPARING TO READ
1 Look at the texts and the photographs on the opposit e page. Circle the
PREVIEWING
correct options.
1 The three texts are from the same book/ di fferent books.
2 The photographs are of the same/ different countries.

UNDERSTANDING
I 3 The texts come from aninternational/ Asian history of tea.

2 Write the words from the box in the gaps. Use a dictionary to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
leaves prepare guests tastes pull pour kettle

1 Chocolate ______________ very good.


2 In London, the fall from the treesin autumn.
3 Can I ______________ some orange juice?
4 Many Japanese chefs can _______________ sushi.
5 You have to _______________ the door to openit, not push!
6 I make hot water in an electric _ _ _ _ _ _ _
7 There are five _______________ for my birt hday dinner this evening.

WHILE READING

Skimming
If youlook for themain topic andidea of a text, you are skimming. When you skim,
donotread every word. Read the nouns, verbs. adjectives and question words.

SKIMMING
3 Read the blue words in the texts. Write true (T) or false (F) next to the
statements below.
,"')UHLOO<
V ONLINE 1 The texts compare tea and coffee.
2 Tea is popular in many countr ies.
3 There is one kind of tea.
4 Every count ry prepares and drinks tea in a different way.

4 Scan the t ext . Write the names of the correct countries from the texts
SCANNING TO
in the gaps.
FIND INFORMATION
1 People in _______________ drink teh tarik.
2 In _ _ _ _ _ _ _• people prepare tea in a samovar.
3 People prepare tea for many hours in
4Some people in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ drink tea with sugar or jam.
5 People preparetea with two kettles in _ _ _ _ _ _ _
6 Touristslike watching tea sellers prepare tea in _ _ _ _ _ _ _

' < READING1 UNlOCK READN


I G ANO WR.ITINGSl(Jll S l
FOODANDCULTURE UNITS

Tea: A World History


by A. Capp er

INTRODUCTION: THE WORLD IN A TEACUP


Tea is tasty and good for you. It is also one of the most popular drinks around the
world. But what is tea? And why is it so popular?
All tea comes from tea leaves but tea is not always the same. There are many
kinds of tea. You can drink black tea, green tea, white tea or fruit tea. Each type of
tea has a different taste and a different colour.

The history of tea begins in Asia. In China, Korea


and Japan, tea is still very important today. In
Japan, it can take many hours to prepare and drink
tea with your guests. In Malaysia, a popular drink at
breakfast is teh tarik ('pulled tea'). Malaysians say it
is good for youand tastes good with canai bread.
Tourists in Kuala Lumpur like watching the tea
sellers make 'pulled tea'. The tea sellers pour hot
water on black tea. After five minutes, they add
sugar and milk. Then they 'pull' the tea - they pour
the tea from one cup to another many times.

In many countries, you must have a special kettle to make tea.


People in different countries also like to add different things
to their tea. For example, Russiansuse a special kettlecalled a
samovar. They like drinking tea with lemon. Sometimes, they
also drink tea with some sugar or jam.
In Turkey, tea comes in a Caydan/,k.
A Caydanl,k has two kett les: one for
the water and one for the tea. Drink
Turkish tea with some sugar.
Arab tea, called karak, has cardamon,
ginger, milk and sugar. In the United
Kingdom, they add some milk and
sugar.
The British usually eat biscuits with
their tea. In Japan, they like...

UNLt>CK REAOING AN DWRITINGSKll lS l READING 1 1 )


DISCUSSION
5 Work with a p artn er. Ask and answer the quest ions (1- 3) below.
1 Do you prefer tea or coffee7
2 How do peo pl e drink tea in your country? (e.g. with sugar? wi th m ilk?)
3 Do you have a favourite cold drink? (e.g. Cola)

READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Look at the text and the photographs on the opp osite page. Circle the
PREVIEWING
correct optio n.
I 1 The text is from a website for tourists I students.
2 The text is abou t di ff eren t kinds of food / things to do in Melbourne.

2 Match the words in the box to the correct photographs (1-4). Use the
UNDERSTANDING
glossary on page199 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY
rice pineapple mushroom cabbage

2 _ 3 _ 4 _

l Wr i te t he words andphrases from the box in the gaps. Use the glossary
on page 199 to help you.

is served in dish is served with cuisine serves

1 A waiter _ _ _ _ _ _ food and drink in a restaurant.


2 Tea milk in the UK.
3 Tea _______________ a glass in Russia.
4 Green curry is a famous _ _ _ _ _ _ from Thailand.
5 Vegetables and rice are popular in Indian _ _ _ _ _ _

S_C_A_N_N_I_N_G_T_O
I WHILE READING
4 Scan the text. Write true (T) or fa lse (F) next to the statements (1- 7)below.

FIND INFORMATION 1 The diff erent cuisinesare in alphabetical order.


2 Sharwarma is a fish dish.
? UNL«l<
(, ONLINE 3 Amok trey is an Australian dish.
4 Kangaroo meat ispopular in Aust ralian restaurants.
5 Pineapple is popular in Arab cuisine.
6 There are different kinds of kabsa.
7 Arab food isserved withmushrooms and cabbage.
UNLOCK R£AOING ANDWRITING SKILLS 1
FOOD AND CULTURE UNII :l

Melbourne/StudentGuide

----
U,\i,"'III I M Cl:1GW1·!- ■

Arab cuisine

1 .............. At an Arab restaurant, you can find delicious lamb,

·------
chicken and beef dishes. Twopopular dishes are
sha,warma and kabsa. Sha,warma is a savoury
meat dish.The meat is served in pita bread with
OF THE .1009!-.N tomato and cucumber. Kabsa is popular in many
Middle Eastern countries but it is very popular in

whfM

BEST BY KONoatto.u!M Saudi Arabia. Kabsa is a rice,meat and vegetable

CUISINE
--
Mo xk:ao'lcuhlnt

Melbourne isabig city.


Wehave cuisine from all over
dish. There aremany different ways to prepare
kabsa. Falafel is ...

the wMd. Try some!

Australian cuisine
If you are in Australia, you must try a crocodile or
kangaroo dish! Many Australian restaurants serve
crocodile curry. Crocodile meat is tasty and very
good for you (it is better that you eat crocodile
than a crocodile eats you!). Kangaroo meat is also
good for you. Kangaroo burgers areserved in white
bread. Australian restaurants also serve great fish
and other ...
Bftadmom

British cuisineO

Cambodian cuisine
At a Cambodian restaurant, there is a lot of fruit.
You can find mangoes, melons and pineapples.
Cambodians also like fish with riceor noodles.
Cambodian dishes are served with a lot of
vegetable.sMushrooms and cabbage are very
popular in Cambodian cuisine. One famous dish is
amok trey.Cambodians prepare amok trey with
fish, nuts, coconut milk and egg. Another dishIs ...
Beadmom

-
UNLOCK REAOING ANO WRITING Skit.LS
1 REA01NG 2 :/
READING FOR
I 5 Read the text and answer the questio ns.
1 Where is kabsa a very popular dish?
DETAIL

2 Which dish(es) is/are served in bread?

3 Which kind(s) of meat is/are healthy?

4 Which cuisine(s)has/have rice dishes?

5 Which cuisine(s) has/have fish dishes'

DISCUSSIO N
6 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 What is your favourite meal: breakfast, lunch or dinner?Why?
2 What food don't youlike? Why?
3 What is the national food in your country?
4 Do young and old people ear different kinds of food in your country?
Why/ Whynot?

-·1£1•111@...., UNLOCK AEAOINGANOWAITING SKILLS I


FOOD AND CULTURE UN IT 8

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
") UN
VOCABULARY FOR FOOD AND DRINK (.. ONLINE

1 Write the words from the box under the correct photographs.
Use a dictionaryto help you.

potatoes dates milk honey onion chillis


spices butter almonds yoghurt water eoconut

... '

2 _ _ _ _ _ _ 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ 4

5 _ _ _ _ _ _ 6 7 s _

9
10 - - - - - - 11 12 ------

UHLOCK READING ANO WAITING SKlllS 1 LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT 1 :9


Countable and uncountable nouns
Countable nouns can have a singular or a plural form and a singular or plural verb.
Thi.5 o.wt.e. i6 green. Some. o.wl.% tlXe. re.<l. Th s <il.611 i.5 popv.w i,n
Chi.no.,. MAA!j Chi,ne.se. <ilshe.s tlXe. se.rved, wi.l:11 ri.u.
Uncountable nouns have a singular form and a singular verb.They do not have a
plural form or verb.
Fi.511 i,s good. for yw. n.,he, ""'e good., fo, gooc.
Ri,ce. i,s se.rve.<l wi.l:11 mo.,n!l lni:Uo..n <ilshe.s. R:i:ce, o:te ,ei ,ed, ooi,l,h "'""''9
1,,o::::tcb, fultCJ.

2 Read the sentences (1-12) below. Put a tick ( ) if they are correct and a
cross (X) if they are wrong.
1 Honeys are sweet.
2 Onions are popular in European cuisine.
3 Milks are good for children.
4 Chillis are spicy.
5 Dates are served with coffee in Saudi Arabia.
6 Potatoes are in many kinds of soup.
7 Spices taste good in food.
8 Butters are served with bread .
9 Yoghurts are served with many Middle Eastern dishes.
10 Coconuts have milk.
11 Almonds are popular in sweet dishes
12 Waters are served in a glass.

3 Correct the wrong sentences in Exercise 2.

CRITICAL THINKING
UNDERSTAND At the end of this unit, you will write descriptive sentences . Look at this

I
---------,unit's writing task in the box below.

Write about food in your country for a student website.

Brainstorming
If youplanor create ideas in a group you are brainstorming.Students can work1n
small groups to create a list of words about a topic.

CRITICAL THINKING UNLOCK RE.AOING ANOWRITINGSKIU S l


FOOD AND CULTURE '.JNIr

1 look at thenotes made by a group of French students. Answer the


questions.
1 What is the topic?
2 What does C mean?
3 What does UC mean?

'

2 Read the text and write the words from the notes in Exercise 1in
APPLY
the gaps.

At a French restaurant, you can find many different

10 ·----
OF THE
..._ ......
......
kinds of soup and sauce. Meat and fish dishes are
very popular. French cuisine is also famous for its
different kinds of bread and cheese. Two popular
dishesare <•>
BEST BY
--
--
an121.d _
Steak frites is a delicious meat dish. It is beef served
CUISINE
--
Melboumtisabigcity.
We h.a'leculslne fromallover
with <3l • It is also served with
hollandaise sauce. French chefs prepare hollandaise
sauce with eggs, 14> ,lemon juice and
ll'tew ortd. Tl')'somc!
t5l • Creme brO/ee is a sweet dish.
Chefs prepare it with eggs, t6t and
sugar .. .
Beadmoce

3 Work in small groups. Brainstorm the food in two popular dishes from
your country.

4 Look at your notes. Write C next to countable nouns and UC next to


uncountable nouns.Use a dictionary to help you.

UNL<:>CK RE.AOING ANC> WAITING SKILLS 1 CRITICAL THINKING '',


WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• Sub ject - Verb agreement


A sentence must havea subject and a verb. The subject can be singular or plural.
The verb must agree with the subject.
Use a singular verb form with a singular subject and a plural verb form with a
plural subject.
singular: Thi,s chwi i,s ha.pP!j. It i,s pop!A!.G..r d.i-sh. Vt,e,l;n«.me$e. wi-si-1\e.
1,1se.s e,oe,on1,1t mUJ::.
plural: The. chiUre.n o..re. ha.pP!j. They o..re. p<>p(,11.G..r cUshe.s. Asuui
wi,si-1\e.s 1,1se. =n1,1t mUJ::.

Remember: uncountable nouns must havea singular verb form (see Language
Development, page150).
") UNL«k
(, ONLINE 1 Circle the correct verb form.
1 Turkish chefs prepareJ prepares small dishes called meze .
2 Emirati cuisine useJ uses a lot of fish.
3 A famous dish in Japan isJ ore sushi.
4 Fish is/ ore popular in many restaurants in Ist anbul.
5 Chinese food is / are served with rice and vegetable.s
6 Two popular rice dishes in Thailand is I are called 'khao mok kai' and
'khao na pet'.
2 Read the sentences (1-6) below. Put a tick ( ) if they are correct and a
cross ()() if they are wrong. Use a dictionary to help you.
1 Egyptian restaurants serves falafel with cucumber sauce.
2 Hummus is served with bread.
3 Nigerian chefs prepares pepper soup with fish or meat.
4 Hamburgers is served in bread.
5 Pineapples and mangoes are sweet.
6 French onion soup are delicious.
3 Correct the wrong sentences in Exercise 2.

UNLOC-K R.E.AOING ANOWRITINGSKILLS 1


FOOD AND CULTURE UNll S

Determiners: a, an and some


Articles are a. an. the and 'the zero article'. Write articles before a noun or
nounphrase.
Use the articles a/ an before a singular countable noun.Do not use a/ an
before anuncountable noun.Use a before aconsonant sound. Use an before a
vowel sound.
A fo.moos d..i.sh from I s r sotto . Amok tre\! $ o.. pop«to..r
Co.mbo<li.o.n d..i.sh.
JMmb o.. i..s o..n Ameri,c,o..n <Ll,sh. An o.ppl,e i,s served. wi!n !:hi..s fuh .
.lnttt tt honeg bo t:t,e d:eoh. Engri,h pee pbc eb.Cirk bu:: wi:blt tt ma:k.
AU hone\! to the, fu h. £n9Li-sh pe-opl.e <Lrink tee.. wi!n mUk.

You canuse some before:


• a plural countable noun
• anuncountable noun.

Some means 'more than one' before acountable noun. Som e means ·a (small) part
of' before anuncountable noun.
Some- d U6 o.re, served. wi!n !:he, <Z,Offee.. Che.fs pre.po.re, !:he, fuh wi!n
some, lemons.
AU some, hone\! to !:he, d..i.sh. £n9Li-sh people d.ri.nl: tee.. wikh some, mUk.

4 Correct the underln


i ed parts of the sentences (1- 8) below .
1 At some Arab restaurant. you can find delicious beef dishes.

2 The curry is served with a.rke.

3 Some famousdishin New Orleansis.jam ba layaand gumbo.

4 French chefs addu RP-,le to t h i s di sh.

5 Emirati chefs prepare ha rees with a meat or a chicken.

6 Aus.tca.lian li ke eating acrocodile meat.

7 There are some carrot in Koreankim chee.

8 Soo;ig_p...Qpul ar dish in Lagos is pepper soup.

UNl CCK REAOING A.NO WRITINGSKILLS 1 WRI TING ,',


ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

SPELLING
1 Look at the words below. Write a,e,i, o or u to spell adjectives for food
and drink.
1 I love sw t foods like dates .
2 I prefer to eat s _ v _ ry foods with more salt than sugar.
3 My mother's cakes are always d _ I _ c s!
4 I don't like green chillis. They are too sp _ cy.
S I try to eat h lthy foods like vegetables and fruit.
6 Kabso is so t _ st y. I always want more.

2 Choose the correct spelling.


1 My favourite food is _
a chocolate b shocolat c cho kilat
2 Most people in my country buy food from the
a markit b market c markat
3 I know how to my national food.
a prepear b prepare c brebar
4 We make a special using milk.
a sause b sowse c sauce
S My grandfather grows in his garden.
a abbels b appols c apples
6 Most people where I live eat on Fridays.
a meat b meet c meed

',: WRITING UNLOCK READING ANO WRITING SKILLS 1


FOOD AND CULTURE L' !i',

WRITING TASK
") UN
Write about food in your country for a smdent website. (,, ONLINE

1 Look at the brainstorming no tes yo u made for Exercise 3 in the Critical


WRITE A FIRST
Thinking section.
DRAFT
2 Write answers that are true for your dishesin the gaps.

(which?) cuisine
At a (which?) restaurant ,
you find many diff erent kinds of _
(what kinds of food?).
(what kind of dishes?) are
very popular. _ _ _ _ _ ___ ____ _ (which?) fo od is
also fam ous for (what kind of
food or what kind of dishes?).

l W ri te sen tence s ab o u t two p op u lar dishes in your country. Add them to


your text above.

UNLOCK READING AND WRITING SKILLS I WRITING J)


4 Use the task checklist to review your sentences.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Do your sentences describe two popular dishes in your count ry?

Do subjects and verbs agree in your sentences?

Do the uncountable nouns have a singular form?

Do the uncountable nouns have a singular verb?

Is the article a/an beforea singular countable noun?

Is somebefore a pluralcountable noun or anuncountable noun?

5 Make any necessary changes to your sentences.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
6 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch and understand
a video about foodin very not very
Mexico well well

skim a text to understand


very not very
the main idea or topic
well well

spell adjectives for food


very not very
and drink
well well

write descrip t ive


very not very
sentences
well well

1
WRITING UNL.OCK REAOING ANO WRITING SKtllS l
FOOD AND CULTURE UNIT 8

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
apple (n) I market (n)
banana (n) meat (n)
bread (n) mushroom (n)
carrot (n) orange (n)
chef (n) pepper (n)
chocolate(n) potato (n)
dish (n) prepare (v)
egg(n) rice (n)
fish(n) sauce (n)
mango (n) serve (v)

UN LOCK A(AOIN G AND WRITING SKILLS I WRITING c,,


Watch and understand a video about wildlife in
South Africa

Reading skills Read forthe main ideas

Academic writingskills Use correct spelling and punctuation in sentences

Writing task Write a descriptive paragraph

"
'
l,
I
-!!... -
- . --
-
.

:
--
.,;

I .

A '
- ..-
.. - ..... -

· ::, UNIT9
UNL<.'>CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Write the words from the box in the gaps. Use a dictionary to help you
understand the words in bold.
" .. -,.
bee bear penguin snake

1 A isa reptile. .--


2 A is an insect.
3 A is a mammal.
4 A is a bird.

UNIT9 1S9
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 Work in small groups. You aregoing to watch a video about wildlife in
USING YOUR
South Africa. Before you watch, write the names of three animals you
KNOWLEDGE TO
think you will see.
PREDICT CONTENT
1
2 _
3 _ _ _ _ _ _

20 Watch the video with no sound. What animals can you see?

3 Check the meanings of the words in the box.Use a dictionary to


UNDERSTANDING
help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

diversity savannah species grass powerful unusual

4 Read the definitions 0-6) below and write the words from the box
in the gaps.
1 _ _ _ _ _ _ : a group of plants or animals that are all similar
2 : very strong
3 : different from typical things
4 : when many different kinds of people or things are
in one place
5 :
aplant with small green or yellow leaves found in
gardens and fields
6 :land in Africa with no people or cities

16 0 WATCHANOLISTEN UNLOOC R.EA04NG ANOWRfflNG SKILLS I


ANIMALS UNI i 9

WHILE WATCHING
5 0 Watch the video with sound and make notes. Write the adjectives
LISTENING FOR KEY
you hear for each animal in column A.
INFORMATION
A B
animals adjectives numbers
I

springboks

lions and elephants

rhinos

penguins

6 Q Watch again. Write the numbers youhear for rhinos and penguins in
column B.

7 Match the n1:1mbers in your notes to the information below. There are
many numbers in the video.Make sure youhave the correct number for
each answer.
a -------=the number of animals on a beach in Cape Town
b - the speed of an animal in kilometres per
hour (kph)
c =an animal's weight in kilograms (kg)

DISCUSSION
8 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (1-3) below.
1 Do youhave a favourite animal?
2 What animal(s) are popular in your country?
3 Do youhave apet at home (e.g. acat, some fish)?

UNL«IC R£AOING ANO WRITING Sl(ILLS 1 W \TCH AND LISTEN '


READING 1

- P-_R_EVI-EW-I N
_ _G
_ _
I
_. 1
PREPARING TO READ
Look at the text and the photographs on the opposite page. Circle the
correct words.

UNDERSTANDING
, 2
1 The text is for school children/ university students.
2 The text is about typical/ unusual kinds of animals.
Read the sentences (1-7) and write the words from the box in the gaps.
Use the glossary on page 200 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

lays eggs strange romantic weighs variety Kingdom long


1 Ay and her mothe r like watching _____________ movies.
2 England and Wales are two of the countries in the Unite d

3 I have achicken. It _ _ _ _ _ _ every morning.


4 The average healthy man _____________ about 70 kg.
5 'Your cat is pink!That is very !'
6 An average car in the US is four metres _ _ _ _ _ _
7 Hamdan likes a of different cuisines - Emirati,
French and Korean.

WHILE READING
3 Read only thefi;gi,fighte d topic sentences in the text.Circle the correct
READING FOR
answer (a-c).
M AIN IDEAS
The main topic of the text is
') UNIPCK
(.. ONLINE
a animals in Australia
b birds in New Zealand
c unusual animals around the world

Reading for themain ideas


Many textshave paragraphs. A paragraph is part ofalongtext. A paragraph has
two or moresentences. Each paragraph has a topic sentence.
The topicsentence1s usually the first sentence in a paragraph. It is important
because it has the main idea for the paragraph. The highlighted sentences in
Reading1are the topic sentences.

' REAO!NG 1 UNI.CC)( R.EAOINGANOWRITINGSKILLS I


IJ§OMJi,........
4 Read the text and answer the quest io n s(1-4) below.
READING FOR
1 Why is the kakapo parrot unusual? DETAIL
2 Why is the kiwi 'romantic'?
3 Why is the platypus an unusual mammal?
4 How big is the bumblebee bat?

Variety in the Animal Kingdom


Erik J. C un liffe
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OFNEW ZEALAND PRESS
AUCK LAND• LONDON• NEW YORK

Introd
uction
T here are abou t 10 million different kinds of anin1al on eart h and they come in all shapes
and sizes. This book is a simele intrQ<luction to the huoe variety in the animal kinod m,
It features some of the most unusual animals in the world and includ es key data on each
species and their habits in the wild.

SQine of the s tra ngest animals in the world live in Australi


<)nd New Zealand. There is the kakapo parrot (Strigops
habroptila ). It is a bird but i.t cannot fly. It is a noc turnal
animal. It sleeps in the day and eats at night. There are only
I3 I kakapo pan-ots in the world.

'f he kiwi A ne, t australis) i, another bird that canno


y, Some birds are very beautiful - but the kiwi is not. It is
one of the ugliest birds in the world. Bm the kiwi is the most
ro mantic bird in the world. Male a nd fe male kiwis live
together for 30 years.

Australia has many strange animals. The most surpn s1ng


Australian animal is the platypus(Omithorhynchusa11a1i1111s).
It has the faceand feet of a bird, the body of a rat and the tail
of a beaver. It i.s a mammal but it lays eggs.

l' he smallest mamma l in the world lives in Asia. It is the


bumblebee bat (Craseonycteris 1ho11glo11gyai). It lives in
Thailand. It is only 2.5 cm long and it weighs 3 g. There are
only 2,000 bumb lebee bats left in Thailand because people
burn the forest where they live.

UNLOCK REAOING ANOWRITINGSKIU S I READING 1


READING 2

PREPARING TO READ
1 Match the sentence halves.Use the glossaryon page 200 to help you
UNDERSTANDING
understand the words in bo ld.
KEY VOCABULARY
1 The average healthy personcan a fish in rivers.

l 2 Young wolves, lio ns and


3 Bears can swim and they catch
4 Lions hunt
b prey in jungles.
c ten long arms.
d run at about10 kph.
5 Birds, bats and some insects e dangerous hunt ers in the world.
6 Tigers lo ok for th eir f zebras.

USING YOUR
I 7 Squid live in the seaand have
8 People are the most
g have wings.
h bears are called cubs.

2 Lo ok at the title of a magazine article. Which animals do you thin k are the
KNOWLEDGE world 's fastest hunters?

The World's Fastest Hunters


WHILE READING
SKIMMING 3 Skim the texts. Which three animals are the fastest hunters?

=========i
SCANNING TO
4 Scan the three texts. Write the information from the texts in the
table below.
FIND INFORMATION
lstiophorus
UNI.OCK
(, ONLINE Acinonyx a/bicans and Falco
scientific name
jubatus /stio pho rus peregrinus
platy pte rus

common name

size(cm)

weight (kg)

lifespan (years)

speed(kph)

habitat

prey

S There are six paragraphsin the three texts. In one paragraph.the topic
UNDERSTANDING
sentence is the second sentence. Which paragraph?
DISCOURSE

UNL« IC REAOIN GANO WRITING$KILS


l 1
ANIMALS UNIT 9

a
Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) are the fa stest anima ls on land.
Th ey con run at 112 kph.They a re smaller than lion s and
leop a rd s.The overage cheetah is 66 cm to 99 cm high and
weighs between 35 and 72 kg. Cheetahs live for about 12
years. Fem ale c hee ta h s usually look o fter their cubs alone.
They usually have between two and four cubs.
Cheetahs use their speed to catch their prey.They hunt
gazelles and zebras.In the past,cheetahs lived in Asia. the
Midd le East and Africa . Now,most cheetahs live in Ea st Africa
but there ore a small number of cheetahs in Iro n .

Sharks may be the mos t dangerous animal in the sea, but they
ore not the fastest swimmers. The fastest swimmersore sailfish.
There are two kinds of sailfish. Atlantic sailfish (lstiophorus
albicans) livein the Atlantic Ocean. and Inda-Pacific sailfish
(lstiophorus platypterus) live in the Indian Ocean and the
Pacific Ocean.
Sailfish con swim at l 09 kph.Sailfish hunt other fish and squid.
They often hunt in groups.Th e biggest sailfish o re 3 m lo ng a n d
weigh 90 kg.The overage sailfish is usually smaller than this.
They live for about four years.

Peregrine falcons (Falco peregrinus) ore the fastest birds


on earth.Th e y usually fly at 65- 90 kp h b ut they con fly
faster when they hunt.The ir high est speed is about 325
kph.They hunt other birds - usually ducks and pigeons.
Th e ir wings ore about 120 cm long. Th eir body is about
34-58 cm long.They weigh about l kg.
You con see peregrine falcons in most countries.Th e y can
live in very coldand very hot p laces.The y live for about
15 years.

UNLOCK R£A,01NGANOWAITING SKIU.S I READING 2 16'>


@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

can and cannot


We use can + infinitive to show that an action ispossible. We usecannot +
infinitive to show that an action isnot possible.
Th G4r1 mn G..t 112. 1::ph. Smfi,sh swi.ol G..t 10 kph. Th G4r1 lwe.
i,n ve.r!:I cotc:l IU'lc:l ve.r!:I hot, pl.M,e,s.
The.re. e, bi,rc:ls tl1G..t G41'\nol;, f½J. II;, s o. bi,rd, bCAt i,I;, G4nnol;, f½J.

1 Read the sentences (1-6) below and correct the mistakes in the
underlinedparts.
l A wolf can talks to othe r wolves.

2 Wolves cansmelling blood.

3 The average wolf cans weigh 60 kg.

4 Wolves cannot to climb trees.

5 Wolves can to hunt very biganimals.

6 A wolf nocanlive in hot countries.

UNLOCK REAOING ANOWRJTING SKILLS 1


ANIMALS uNIT '!

DESCRIBING FACTS ABOUT ANIMALS


2 Read the sentences (1- 8) below and write the words from the box
in the gaps.

long weighs at (x2) for on high in

Leopards can run about 60 kph.


2 An average elephant about 5,500 kg.
3 Ba-ts live small insects.
4 A wolf's body is usually from 90 cm to 160 cm _
5Zebras are about 120-130 cm _
6Kangaroos live Australia.
7Bears can live 25 to 30 years.
8Eagles can fly more than 75 kph.

3 Match the words (a- h) below to the sentences (1-8) in Exercise 2.


a habitat
b size (height)
c size (length)
d lifes pan
e speed (on land)
f weight
g speed (in the air)
h prey/diet

VOCABULARY FOR ANIMALS


4 Match the sentence halves. Use a dictionary to help you understand the
words in bo ld.
1 Some spiders are a many of them are harmless.
2 The crocodile is one of the b They can live on land and in water.
3 Tigers a re an c venomous.
4 People do not like snakes but d endangered species.
S Bats are nocturnal animals. e They hunt at night.
6 Frogs a re amphibious. f deadliest animals in the world.

UNLOCKREADING ANO WSUTING SKILLS 1 LANGUAGEDEVELOPMENT I /


At the end of this unit, you will wr it e a descriptive paragraph. Look at this
unit's writ ing task in the box below.

I Writ e a paragraph about an animal.

1 Read the data in Table 9.1. Use a d ict io nary to help you understand the
ANALYZE
words in bold.

I Table 9.1: Three types of bear

Ailuropodo Ursus
sdentific name Ursus orctos
melonoleuco moritimus

common name panda bear polar bear brown bear

size{cm) 120- 180 250- 300 150- 250

weight (kg) 100 - 115 350-480 300-335

running speed
12-15 35-40 40-45
(kph)

lifespan (years) C. 20-30 c. 23-25 C. 22-24

fish, nuts,
diet bamboo seals
fruit

Arctic USA, Canada,


habitat China
Circle Europe, Asia

population c.1,000 C. 23,000 c. 200.000

2 Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions (1- 7) below.
1 Which type of bear is the biggest?
2 Which type of bear is the heaviest?
3 Which type of bear is the fastest?
4 Which type of bear can live the longest?
5 Whic h type of bear has the most varied die t1
6 Whic h type of bear has the biggest population?
7 Which type of bear is the most endangered?

CRITICAL THINKING UNLOCK REAOING AND WRITING SKILU I


ANIMALS UNIT 9

3 Look at Table 9.1 again. Write the information from the table in the
gaps below.

Polar bears (Ursus moritimus) may be the biggest bears, bUl they
are not the fastest runners.The fastest running bear is the brown bear
(Ursus orctos).The brown bear can run at about<•> _
10 45 kph.The average brown bear is < >1 _
to (ll cm high and weighs between
<•> and (Sl kg. Brown bears live
for about <6> 10
l P years.There
are about <•> brown bears in the world today.
Brown bears live on <•> and fruit.They also hum
<••> in rivers. Brown bears live in many parts of
the world.They live in Europe, Asia and North America. Most brown
bears live in Canada and Alaska.

'
· 11
,,,.
fir
zl -
.
.
I \.\ ., • - '
' . I .,. .
, '
I • , ,.,

, ..
!

. ...._,.-- ----- --
_ . _. . ---
_.::--?" .........
--- . UNLOCK REAOING ANO WRITING SKILLS I

- -- - . . . - -' _;:
WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

• Superlative adjectives
Superlative adjectives have three forms.We usesyllables to choose thecorrect
form. A syllable is a word or part of a word with one vowel sound.
Adjectives with one or two syllables: small. strange.
Writethe + adjective + -est or -st.
The. smo..tt%t o..nixr>o..L i,n t11e. world, Li,ve,s i,n Asw.,. Ma.n9 of tl1e.
str(l.j'lgest a.nixr>o..Ls i,n tl1e. world, li,ve, i.n A14sl;r(U,i,Q.,_

Adjectives with two syllables that end consonant + -y: deadly, friendly.
Write the + adjective + -rest (replace the -y with -i and add -est).
Sha.rl:'s a.re. t11e. <iu dt.i,e,st a.nixr>o..L i,n tl1e. sea.. Dotphi-ns a.re. tl1e.
fri,e,n<!t.i,e.st a.nixr>o..L i-n tl1e. sea..

Adjectives with two or more syllables: poisonous. endangered.


Write the most + adjective.
The. most poi-sonOl4S frog on e4rll1 Li,ve.s i,n So14tl1 Ameri-<4-. The. mos!;
e.ndAngere.d tljpe, of be.a.r s tl1e. pa.nda. be.a.r.

We can write the prepositional phrase in the + noun or on + noun after a


superlative adjective + noun.
The. smo..Ue.sb a.nixr>o..L i,n tl1e. world, Li,ve,s i,n Asw.,. Sl1a.rl:'s a.re, tl1e.
d.e4d Ii.est a.nixr>o..L i..n tl1e. sea.. The. most poi-sonOl4s frog on e4rll1 Li,ve,s
i,n Swtl1 Ameri-<4-.

C WRITING UNLOCK R.EAOING AND WRITING SKILLS 1


ANIMALS UNIT 9

1 Put the words and phrases in order to make sentences. ") UNL«IC
(;, ONLINE
1 fastest/ in the world/ horned lizar d / the/ is/ lizard/ The/ .

2 Sailfish/ fastest/ swimmers/ the/ are/ .

3 birds/ on earth/ are/ Peregrine falcons/ fastest/ the/ .

4 kind/ bear/ are/ Polar bears/ of/ biggest / the/ .

5 snake/ sea snake/ most/ The/ venomous/ the/ is/ the/ in/
world/.

6 most/ butterfly/ beautiful/ blue Morpho butterfly/ in/ is/ The/


world / the/ .

7 biggest/ the world/ is/ animal/ blue whale/ the/ in / The/ .

8 wolf spider/ deadliest/ of/ the/ one/ is/ spiders/ The / .

2 Read the sentences below. Put a tick ( ) if they are correct and a
cross (X) if they are wrong.
1 Cheetahs in the world are the fastest animal.

2 Cats are some of the more lazier animals in the world.

3 Kakopo parrots are the more endange red kind of parrot.

4 Kiwis are ugliest bird in New Zealand.

5 The elephant is the biggest animal on land.

6 'Mouse' spiders are some of the deadliest spiders.

7 Squid in the sea are one of the strangest animals.

8 The brown bear is a fastest kind of bear.

3 Correct the mista kes in the sentences in Exercise 2.

UNLOCK READING AN O WRITING SKILLS I \">'RITING I l


ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

SPELLING
1 Put the letters in the correct order to make the names of animals. Use
the definitions to help you.
1 tba An animal like a mouse with wings which flies at
night.
2 ebe _ A yellow and black insect which makes honey.
3 nilo , _ A large animal of the cat family which lives in
Africa.
4 re-b- - - - - A large.strong animal with the Latin name Ursus.
5 rdib. _ An animal which has wings and feathers.
6 lfow_ _ _ _ A wild animal of the dog family.
7 kasr - - - A large fish with sharp teeth.
8 sicen - - - A small animal with six legs.
9 nolfc_ _ _ _ _ A fast bird which can be trained to hunt other
birds.
10 redisp _ A small animal with eight legs which catches
insects in a web.

PUNCTUATION
2 Correct the sentences (1-6) below. Add capital letters and full stops.
1 many venomous spiders live in australia

2 the most venomous australian spider isalso oneof the smallest

3 redback spiders are only1 cm long

4 the deadliest spider in australia is the redback spider

S redback sp iderslive on small insects

6 female redback spiders live for two or three years

' WRI TING UNL<>CIC AEAOING ANO WfUT


ING SKILl S I
ANIMALS U N IT 9 U

WRITING TASK

I Write a paragraph about an animal. (.


4') UNL« K
ONLINE

1 Read the text about the brown bear in Exercise 3 of the Critical Thinking
PLAN
section again.
2 You are going to write facts about a bear. Choose the panda bearor the
polar bear.

3 Write sentences on the topics below.


1 Write a sentence with the bear's common name and scientific name.

2 Write a sentence about the size of the bear.

3 Write a sentence about the weight of the bear.

4 Write a sentence about the speed of the bear.

S Write a sentence about the lifespan of the bear.

6 Write a sentence about the dietof the bear.

7 Write a sentence about the habitat of the bear.

8 Write a sentence about the population of the bear.

4 Look at your sentences in Exercise 3 and the data in Table 9.1 in the Critical
Thinking sect ion.
1 Write two sentences with comparative ad jectives.
2 Write one or two sentences with superlative adjectives.
s Put your sentences from Exercises 3 and 4 in a pa.ragraph. Make the topic WRITE A FIRST
sentence the first sentence in the paragraph.
DRAFT

UNLOCK R.EAOINGANOW
I\ITINGSKlt.l.S I
6 Use the task checklist to review your paragraph.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Is your paragraph about a panda bear or a polar bear?

Is the first sentence of your paragraph a topic sentence?

Are the facts in your sentences correct?

Are there superlative adjectives in your paragraph?

Are the re comp arati ve adjec ti ves in your paragraph?

7 Make any necessary changes to your paragraph.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
8 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch and understand a
video about wildlife in very not very
South Africa well well

read for the main ideas very not very


well well

use correct spellingand


not very
punctuation in sentences very
well well

write a descriptive
very not very
paragraph
well well

: WRITING UNLOCK RE.AOING ANO WRm NG StCILLS I


ANIMALS UNIT 9

WOR0LIST

UNIT VOCABULARY
bear (n) lay eggs (v) strange (adj)
bird (n) long (adj) unusual (adj)
catch (v) rhino (n) weigh (v)
cub(n) run (v) wing(n)
grass (n) snake (n) wolf (n)
hunt (v) spider (n) zebra (n)
insect (n) squid (n)

UN LOCK REAOING ANO WR.ITINGSKILLS 1 WRITING '


LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Watch and understand a video about transport
in Tokyo

Reading skills Work out meaning from context

Academic writing skills Understand and use errorcorrection codes

Writing task Write a paragraph

,
..
- /

/
176 UNITIO
,. / .,
., , ''-#•
UNL<.">CK YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Work with a partner. Ask and answer the questions (l-4) below.
l How do you usually travel to school or university?
2 Do you use public transport like trains or buses? Why?/ Why not?
3 Which kind of transport is the safest?
4 Which kind of transport is the most dangerous?
WATCH AND LISTEN

PREPARING TO WATCH
1 You are going to watch a video about transport in Tokyo. Before you
USING VISUALS TO
watch. look at Figures10.l and 10.2 below and answer the questions (1-4).
PREDICT CONTENT
Use a dictionary to help you understand the words in bold.
1 What is the most popular form of transport in Tok.yo?
2 What are the two forms of public transport?
3 What are the two forms of private transport?
4 What is the distance of the commute between Tokyo and Sapporo?

■ Metro ■Bus
■ Taxi ■Private car
Figure10.1: Popular forms of
transport in Tokyo

178 WATCH ANDLISTEN UNI.OCK READING AN O WRITING S1<1LlS 1


TRANSPORT UN,T 10

WHILE WATCHING
20 Watch the video and take notes in the table below. Write the words
LISTENING FOR KEY
for transport yousee and hear the speaker say in column A.
INFORMATION
A B
transport numbers

3 0 Watch again. Write the numbers youhear in column B.

4 Work with a partner. Write true (T) or false (F) next to the statements (1-5)
below. Use your notes in the table to help you.
1 13 million people take taxis every day.
2 Th.ere are 50,000 taxis in Tokyo.
3 The Shinkansen bullet train travels at up to 300 kph.
4 Not many people commute from Sapporo to Tokyo.
5 10 million passengers travel to Tokyo by train every year.

S Work with a partner. Read the questions (1- 3)below and circle the
MAKING
best answers.
INFERENCES
1 Why is the metro a popular form of transport in bigcities like Tokyo,
Moscow and London?
a because it isnever late
b because there is alot of traffic on the roads
2 Why do people fly from Sapporo to Tokyo every day?
a because they like flying
b because houses in Tokyo are very expensive
3 Why do people use mobile phones to check in for their flight?
a because it is faster
b because it is cheaper

UNl.«1( REAOING ANOWRJTlNG Sl\lll.S 1 WATCH AND US TEN


READING 1

PREPARING TO READ
1 Work with a partner. Look at the text on the opposite page and answer
PREVIEWING
the questions below.
I 1 What is the name of this type of text?
2 Why do people write this typeof text?

2 Work with apartner. Ask and answer the questions (l- 5)below.
USING YOUR
KNOWLEDGE 1 Whereis Bangkok? 4 Have you seen Bangkok in films?
2 Is it abig city or asmall town? 5 What is the traffic like in
3 Have you ever been to Bangkok? Bangkok?

WHILE READING
3 Skim the t ext. What information is the questionnaire trying to get?
SKIMMING
Circle the correct topics (1- 6) below.
, ') UNL<'CK
V ONLINE 1 the number of hours people in Bangkok work or study
2 how people travel in Bangkok
3 the cost of transport in Bangkok
4 popular forms of transport in Bangkok
5 how Thai people in Bangkok travel on hol iday
6 what forms of transport people own

4 Scan the t ext . Write the words for transportfrom the text in the correct
SCAN N ING TO
places in the table below.
FINO INFORMATION
land transport water transport air transport

READING BETWEEN THE LINES


S Match thehighlighte words in the text to their definitions.
WORKIN G OUT
MEANING FROM 1 another word for job 4 another word for write
CONTEXT 2 another word for metro 5 another word for form or type
3 another word for questionnaire 6 a word that means man or woman

Workingoutmeaning from context


The typeof text andthe topic are part of thecontext of atext. Youcanuse
context tohelp you guess themeaning ofnew words.

UNLOCK lt.£AOING ANO WIUTING SJ(ILlS 1


TRANSPORT UN IT 10

--- ----
uST t
-------
Ba.og'.<ok

We are a group of Engineering students from Australia. This summer, we are studying at
Bangkok University of Science and Technology (BUST). We would like to find out:
1 How people in Bangkok travel.
2 How people feel about transport in Bangkok.
Please answer the questions below. Thes urve takes about five minutes to complete.
A. About you 84 Tick (v') all the boxes that are true for you.
Tick (v') the correct boxes to answer the questions. Which type or types of transport do youown?
A1 Age: How old are you? lowna
D 14-17 D 18-11 □12- 31 o bicycle o car o motorbike
□ 31-53 □older than 53 Dother (please write): _
"2 Gcndet: I am DMale D Female What means of tnnspon do you use when you go
5
8
on holiday?
"3 0ccupa,ion,: Wha1 do you do?
Dtrain Dplane Dcar Dferry
osrudy
□work C.Opinion
B. Travel C1 Tick (v') the correct answers.
Tick (v') the correct boxes to answer the questions. Read the statemems below. Do you agree or
disagree with them?
81 How long is your journey 10 work or school?
D5-15 minutes D 45-60 minutes Table 2
□ 15-45 minutes o more than I hour ,.,I'
... ' ,...,e'
82 How do you get 10 work or school?
,o<'
Don foot D water taxi
D bicycle D taxi -...Th-ere-.ls- lo.c.,.-- c --------- ,

□ car □ bus Ofcnffic- In


&ngl:olc
D tuk-ruk oSkyTrain n,c mffic
□ motorbike Dunderground mlle$mc
la.tt.
83 How often do you use these means of transport?
-ctd
Tick (v') the correct answers in Table 1. ._publl<
tr.UU:pon.
Table 1
C2 Write any comments or suggestions that you have
about transport in Bangkok.
onfooc;
bie) lc
cu
tulMuk
mocorb!l:c
I-
w,1,tert.ut
WO
bu,
-
stylnln
-
undtrground

Thank you for taking the time to this survey.

UNLG>CK READINGANOWRITINGSKILLS 1 READING ! 1::-;I


DISCUSSION
6 Work with a partne r. Ask and answer the questions below.
1 What kind of transport do people usually use in your city or town?
2 Which kinds of transport are the best and which are the worst for:
a long journeys? c places with no roads7
b getting fit and healthy? d families?

READING 2

_ _ _ _ JI PREPARING TO READ
1 Look at the text and the visuals on the opposite page and answer the
PREVIEWING
questions (1-3) below. Circle the correct option (a-c).
1 What type of text is it?
a a newspaper article
b a university report
c a letter to the write r's family
2 What is the main topic of this text?
a culture b food c transport
3 Who wrote this text?
a a student b a professor c a journalist
2 Read the sentences (1- 7)and write the words from the box in the gaps.
UNDERSTANDING
Use the glossary on page 200 to help you.
KEY VOCABULARY

I pie chart traffic jam spend results prefer percentage full of


1 This is the _ _ _ _ _ _ _ sign:%.
2 A is a visual that helps you compare different
amounts of things.
3I__ ___ _ _ coffee to tea - I think it tastes better.
4 I like cakes and biscuits but they are sugar.
5 Most people 30 years of their life slee ping!
6 There are so many cars! This is a very bad _ _ _ _ _ _ _
7 The f
t
oh English test were very good.

READING l UNL« K READING ANOWfUTING SKILLS 1


TRANSPORT U'lll 10

WHILE READING
3 Scan the text. Write thecorrect numbers in the gaps on the pie chart
SCANNING TO
(Figure 1.)
FINDINFORMATION

Student Name: Lamai Tongduan


Student ID: 100035478 / Bangkok University of Science and Technology
Course: Transport and the City

Transport in Bangkok: Report


This report shows the results of a survey of transport in Bangkok. Over 12 million
people live in the city.The pie chart (Figure I) shows the most popular means
of Lransport in Bangkok. It shows 1hc percentage of people who use each 1ype of
transport to get to work or school.
Every day, thousands of people use public and private transpon . A popular form of
transport is the SkyTrain. 21% of the populatio n of Bangkok take the SkyTrain to
work or school.Anodler way to travel in the city is by bus. 18% of people who live
in Bangkok take buses. Most people in Bangkok drive their own cars. 14% of people
ride motorbikes to get to work or take children to school. People prefer buses to
tuk- tUks. Only 8% of people use tuk-tuks to get to work or school. Only 3% walk
to work and only 2% cycle to work. Most offices are too
walking , 3% bic ycle, %
far away to walk or cycle to.
The traffic in Bangkok is very heavy.The roads
are full of different types of vehicle (cars.
I
motorbikes, ruk-tUks. etc.). Most people
spend more than one hour every day
travelling. Almost 35% of people are late
because of traffic jams.There are no
car, o/o
traffic jams on the river. 11% of people
take the river taxi.

bus , _ %

Figure 1: Means of
transport in Bangkok
by popularity
4 Read the text again and answer the questions (1- 5)below.
READING FOR
DETAIL 1 How many people live in Bangkok?
; ") UN LOCK
V ONLINE 2 Is the SkyTrain a public or a private form of transport?

3 Are there a lot of cars in Bangkok?

4 How long is the journey to work or school for most people?

5 How many people are late to work or school because of traffic jams?

S Write the words and phrases from the box in the gaps below. Use the
UNDERSTANDING
words in bold to help you choose the answers.
DISCOURSE
another way vehicle the city (x2) who it

This report shows the results of a survey abom transport in Bangkok.


Over I 2 million people live in <•> .The pie
chart (Figure I) shows the most popular means of transport in
Bangkok. <2> shows the percentage of people
3
< > - - - - - - - use each type of transport ro get 10 work or
school.Twenty-one per cem of the population of Bangkok take
the SkyTrain to work or school. <•> to travel
in cs> _ _ _ _ _ _ _ is by bus.The traffic in Bangkok is very
heavy.The roads are full of different kinds of <6> _ _ _ _ _ _ _
(cars. motorbikes. etc.).
TRANSPORT u n I ';

@ LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT

Quantifiers
Quantifiers tellus the answer to the question How many? We use quantifiers
before a noun. For small numbers. we usea few,not many and some.For bigger
numbers, we use many,a lot of and most.
A few peopt.e. to.ke 1:1.d,-wks U1 S<M19lcolc.
Not mAAg peopl,e w..l::e xi,s U1 Tolcgo.
Some trru,ns o..re verg fo..st.
MAAg peopl,e commtAte from S<4>POro to Tokgo.
The.re o..re o.. U>t of t,o..xi,s U1 Tokgo.
Most peopl.e. U1 Bo..nglcok dri.ve tl1w own c.o..rs.

? UNL« K
1 Read the sentences (1-5) belo w. Circle the quantifier and underl.ine the ONLINE
noun the quantifier refers to.
1 Most people in Bangkok drive their own cars.
2 Some people ride motorbikes.
3 Not many people cycle to work or school.
4 A few people take the river taxi.
S Many people take the SkyTrain.

2 Read the sentences (1- 5) below and write quantifiers in the gaps. Use the
percentages to help you. More than one answer is p ossible.
1 (62%) people in London take the underground to wo rk.
2___ ___ _ (8%) people drive their cars to work in London.
3 Today. (18%) people in London cycle to work.
4 (9%) people in London take the bus to work
S (3%) people in London walk or run to work.

UNLOCK ftEAOIN G AND WRITIN G SKILLS I LANGUAGE DEVELO PMENT -


TRANSPORT COLLOCATIONS
We can use these types of collocat ion when we talk about transport.

noun prepositional phrase


subject verb determiner
(transport) (to + plac:e)

Many students bus


the to school.
My parents metro
take their to work.
Commuters cars
a to the supermarket.
We taxi

prepositional phrase prepositional phrase


subject verb
(to+ place) (by + noun for transport)

Many students by bus.


to school
My bro the rs travel by met ro.
to work
Commuters get by car.
to the supermarket
We by taxi.

3 Put the wo rdsin order to make sentences.


1 to/ take/ school / We/ a bus/.

2 travels/ by/ work/ train/ Mala1 / to/ .

3 takes/ to/ the city/ his car/ Sunan / .

4 get / to / work/ Many people/ motorbike/ by/ .

S by/ My children/ bicycle/ to/ get/ school/ .

6 a taxi/ to/ themall/ Suni / takes/ .

4 Read the sentences (1- 5)and write the verbs from the box in the gaps.

ride rides drive takes flies

1 David _ _ _ ___ _ a moto rbike. His mother does not like it.
2 A pilot a plane.
3 Ali can a camel.
4 Alison usually the bus to school.
S Saad prefers to a car.

LA GUAGE DEVELOP ENT UN LOCK READING AN O WRITING SKILl S 1


TRANSPORT UNt, :(I

CRITICAL THINKING
At the end of this unit, you will write a paragraph. Look at this unit's writing
task in the box below.

Write a paragraph about transport in your city. I


Collecting data
Before we write, we can collect data.Data are facts. Wecan use questionnaires
and surveys to collect data.

1 Choose six fo rms of transport that are popular in your city. Write the
UNDERSTAND
words in the cor rect places in the questio nn airebelow.

on foot/ walking camel taxi minibus bicycle taxi


ferry metro train bus tram car
l river taxi plane motorbike !

Travel
Tick (v) the correct boxes to answer
the questions.
1 How long is your journey lO work or 3How often do you use these means of
school? transport?
o 5- 15 minutes Tick (v) the correct answers in Table I.
o I6-45 minutes Tabel I
o 46- 60 minutes
o More than I hour
2 How do you get to work or school?
o _
□-------
Q
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
o _
o _
□-------

2 Make copies of your survey. Give the survey to other students in


your class.

UNLOCK READING ANOWIUTING SKILLS 1


3 Read the resul ts of yo ur survey. Find the percentages and then make two
pie charts to show the results of Questions 1and 2.

4 Read the results again. Write sent ences that are true for your resul ts for
Q uest i on 3.
1 Most stude nt s in my class
2Some students in my class _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3 A few students in my class _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

WRITING

GRAMMAR FOR WRITING

Subject - Verb - Object


A sentence is about a subject. The subject is a pronoun. a noun or a noun phrase.
The verb is after the subject in a sentence. A sentence canhave an object.The
object is apronoun, a noun or a nounphrase. The object is after the verb.
subject: 14t of peopl.e. riAe- motorbikes. 11t of peopl,e, We. l:ne.
ri,ve.r t<i,xi,.
verb:14t of pe.opl,e, riAe- motorbikes. 11% of pe.opl,e, W e. l:ne. rwe.r )(i,.
object:14% of pe.opl.e. riAe- motorbikes. 11% of pe.opl.e. tc..J(e. l:ne. rwe.r to.xi,.

A prepositional phrase is nQ1the object of averb.


Mo.n!j sw.d.wbs i,n tne. ci.o.ss tro..ve.t, to schooL b!j metro.
A few sw.<le.ncs i,n tne. c.to..ss ge.c to schooL b!j c.o..r.
") UN LOC K
(, ONLIN E 1 Read the sentences {l- 5) below. Put a tick { ) i f the bo ld word is an object.
1 Many commuters travel by plane.
2 Many commuters in Hong Kong take the ferry to work.
3 Students in Sharjah do not cycle to university.
4 In Saigon, families oftenride amotorbiketo work and school.
S Most people in Moscow travel by metro.

2 Three of the sentences below have o bjects. Find the ob jects and
underline them.
1 Jamila and Kamilah travel to school by car.
2 Hamdan drives a car to uni versi ty.
3 Some people cycle to work in New York.
4 Many commuters ride a bicycle to work in London.
S Peo pl e in Bangkok prefer to take the SkyTrain.

UNLOCK REAOINGANOWRITIHGSKILLS 1
TRANSPORT r.,
~ ·,

l Work with apartner. Correct the mistakes in the sentences {1- 5) below.
1 In Abu Dhabi, commuters travel by car to work .
2 Not many people in Ankara t ravel to work by a taxi.
3 Commuters in Seoul take the metro work.
4 Most students to school a motorbike ride.
S Some students in Paris drives to university.

• Linking sentences with pronouns


We use pronouns when we do not want to repeat the same noun or noun phrase
in a paragraph. The pronouns he. she,it and they can replace nouns.We can use
pronouns to link subjects or objects in different sentences.
subject: The. pi.e. cncut snows !:he. most popt(IAr mea.ns of trMsport i.n
Ba.n9kolc "Fl1e pee chi,a e It snows !:he. percwW-9e. of pe,op!.e. wno l,lSe.
e./U.h tgpe, of tra.nsport to 9e.t to work or scnool.
object: Ma.n!! swd.e.nts ri.<Le. motorbik . Mob),bele, Th o.re. not
e.)(pe,nsiNe..

4 Match sentences 1-5 with sentences a-e.Use the words in bold to


help you.
1 Jamila and Kamilah travel to school a He is a good driver.
by car. b It ischeaper than a tuk-tuk!
2 Hamdan drives a car to uni versity. c It is a healthy form of
3 Some people cycle to work in transport.
New York. d They travel in their father's car.
4 Many commuters ridea bicycle to e They can ride on special roads
work in London. for bicycles.
5 Peo ple in Bangkok prefer to take
the SkyTrain.

5 Read the pairs of sentences (1-5)below and write the correct pronouns in
the gaps.
1 Many commuters travel by plane. is an expensive form of
transport.
2 Many commuters in HongKong take the ferry to work. is cheap
and efficient.
3 Students in Sharjah do not cycle to university. drive there.
4 In Saigon, families often ride a motorbike to work and school.
travel together.
5 Most people in Moscow travel by metro. is the busiest
underground in the world .

UNLOCK READING A.ND WRITING SKILLSI WRITIN G I


ACADEMIC WRITING SKILLS

Error correction
Some teac hers use correction codes for errors. Look at the e1<amples below.
[G] = grammar 'rheg to ft010 Eggpb. Th Clre. from £9!:jpt.
[MW) = missi ng word "Fl1eg Fi,011 Eggpb. Th Clre.from £9!:jpt.
[P] = punctuation !:heg w e f1ow qgpb Th ore, from £9!:jpb.
[CJ= content (is the information correct?) "Fl1eg we ftom fl w,ce. Th ore,
from £9!:jpt.
(WP] = wrong preposition "Fl1eg we of Eggp.b Th Clre from £9!:jpt.

Lo o k at a st ud e nt"sparagraph marked with co rrectio n co des. Correct the


mistakes.

■ bus
■ bicycle
■ c
ar
train

ta xi

■ walking

Figure 1: Po pu lar means of transpo rt for stude nts in Madrid

The pie chart (Figure I) show [G,) popular means of transport


for students_ [MW) Madrid.There are five types of transport:
bicycle, bus, car, taxi_ [MW) train most [Pl peoples [G,) crave! in
(WP] bus (33%) [CJ. Bicycles_ [MW] also very popular. 33%
of students travel to school by il [ G,) bicycle. Students prefer cars
but more students own bicycles than cars. 7% of student [G,) drive
for [ WP) school. Students do not take _ ( MW] to school. Buses
are the more [G,) popular form of transport for students in Madrid.

UNLOCK I\EAOINGANOWRITING SKILLS 1


TRANSPORT UNIT 'C,

WRITING TASK
? UNL« K
Write a paragraph about transport in your city. (, ONLINE

1 Look at the results of your survey and your pie charts from the Critical
PLAN
Thinking section.

2 You are going to use the resul ts to write about transport in your city.
Write the name of the city in the ti tle for your paragraph and the titlesof
your pie chart s.
1 Transport in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ; Report
2 Figure 1: Average travel times in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3 Figure 2:Popular means of transport for students in

3 Write your introduction. Write answers that are true for your report in
the gaps below.
This report shows the results of a survey about transport
in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (name of your city). Over
___ _ _ _ _ _ (population of your city) people live
in the city. Figure 1shows average travel timesin
(name of your city ). Figure 2 shows the popular
means of transport in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (name of your city).

4 Write sentences on the topics below.


1 Write a sentence about the six forms of transport in your survey.
2 Write three or four sentences about the percentage of people that use
each form of transpo rt .
3 Write two or three sentences that compare popular forms of transport
in the city.
4 Write a sentence about the most popular form of transport in the city.
S Write one or two sentences about travel times.

Put your introduction and your sentences together to make a paragraph.


WRITE A FIRST
Link your sentences with pronouns. Addyour pie charts to the paragraph .
DRAFT

UNLOCK RE.AOINGAN() Wi lTINGSKILLS 1 WRITING l',


6 Use the task checklist to review your paragraph.
EDIT

TASK CHECKLIST

Is your paragraph is about transport in your cit y?

Does your paragraph have percentages from your pie charts?

Do pronouns link your sentences?

Do your sentences use correct punctuation?

7 Work with apartner. Check your partner's paragraph. Use error correction
codes to mark it.

OBJECTIVES REVIEW
8 Check your objectives.

I can ...
watch and understand a
video about transport in very not very
Tokyo well well

work out meaning from


very not very
context
well well

understand anduse error


very not very
correction codes
well well

write aparagraph very not very


well well

, WRITING UNL<X:K R.EAOING ANO WR.ITING SKILLSI


TRANSPORT ,, N,T ::i

WORDLIST

UNIT VOCAB ._U_L..A.:.R.;.Y.... --1


complete (v) percentage (n) traffic (n)
full(adj) pie chart(n) traffic jam (n)
metro (n) prefer (v) the underground (n)
motorbike(n) public transport (n)
occupation (n) spend(v)

SI
UNL O( :I( READIN G AN O WRITINGSKILL
GLOSSARY

[
UNITl
Vocabulary Pronundat ] [ :;::
Definition
l
aunt /o:m / (n) thesister of your father or mother.or the wifeof youruncle

beautiful /b ju:ll fol/ (adj) very attractive


brother /br,.()ol (n) amanor boy with thesame parents as another person
clothes /kl:x,()z/ (n) itemssuch as s.hirts.dressesand trousers that you\-Yearon yovr
body
daughter /d : to/ (n) your female child
different /d1f.or. nt/ (adj) not the same
famous /(e1.mos/ (adj) known or re<ognized by many people
farmer /fo:mo/ (n) someone whoownsor looks after a farm

grandfather /gr rendfo:<lol (n) the father of a person's mother or father


g,andmother /grrend m,.i.\:,i (n) the mother of a person's father or mother

height /ha ul (n) how tall0< high something0< someoneis

interesting /m.t roS.IIIJI (adj) someone or something thatis interesitngkeeps yoor attention
because they are unusual. exciting,or have lots of ideas

live /h v/ (v) to have yourhome somewhere

shoe /fu:/ (n) a strongcovering fot the foo1. often madeof leather
son /s,.nl (n) your male child
tall /t :1/ (adj) havinga greater than ave,age he,ght
teacher /t i:tf ol (n) someone whose job Is to teach in a school. college. etc.
uncte IA1Jkol/ (n) the brotherof your mother or father. or the husband of your aunt
work / w3:k/ (v) to do a job , es cially the job you do to earn money
young / j AQI (adj) havinglivedor existed for onlya shott timeandnot otd

UNIT 2
autumn fa:t M t/ (n) the seasonof theyearbetweensummer and winter,when leaves
fall from the trees
cloudy / klaudi/ (adj) When it is cloudy. thereare clouds in the sky.
cold /koulcl/ (adj) havinga tow temperature
dangerous /cle md3orosl (adj) If someoneor something is dangerous. theycould harm you.
difficult /cl1f1koh/ (adj) when somethingis noteasy to do orunderstand
dry /d ra1/ (adj) withno or not much rain
easy /i:zi/ (adj) not difficult
happy / hropi/ (adj) feeling_. showingor causingpleasure

rainy /remi/ (adj) raininga lot

sad /sredl (ad1) unhappyor makingyou feelunhappy


safe /sc,f/ (adj) not dangerous or likelyto causeharm

: GLOSSARY LL S 1
UNLbC .C REAOING ANO WRITING SKIL
GLOSSARY U N l 1, 10

[ V <><:bau al ry

s pring
Pronunciation

/spno/
:::
(n)
Dennition

the asonof the yearbetween winter and summer. when the


weathef becomes warmer and plants start togrowagain
]
summet /s Amo/ (n) the seasonof the year betweenspringand autumn, when the
weather is warmest
SUMY /sAOi/ (ad1) bright becauseof light from the sun
temperature /t e mprotf o/ (n) howhot or cold something is
warm / wo:m/ (adj) havinga temperature between cool and hot
windy /wmdi/ (adfl with a lot of wind
winter /wmto/ (n) the coldest seasonof the year. between autumn and spring

U NIT3

afternoon /o:fl M u:n/ (n) the time between the middle of the day and the evening
Art /0:1/ (n) the makingor study of paintings.d rawings,etc. or the objects
created
Biolog y /ba1'o lod3i/ (n) the scientific studyof livingthings
Susiness /b,z n,s/ (n) the activityof buyingand selling goods and services
cafe /krefc,/ (n) a small restaurant where youcan boy drinksandlightmeals
car /ko:/ (n) a road vehicle with anengine.(our wheels. and seats for a small
number of le
Chemistry /ke1m s1ri/ (n) the scientific studyof substancesand the different ways in which
they reactor combine with othe rsubstances
cook /kuk/ (v) to prepare foodandusually heat it
different /d1foron1/ (ad1) not the same
early /:i:li/ (ad» before the usual t ime or the time that was arranged
Economics / iko nom1ks/ (n) the •tudy or the wayin which trade, Industryand money are
organized
Engineering /cnd31•ni r10/ (n) the work of an enginee.ror the study of this work
evening / i:vn11)1 (n) the part o( the day between the afternoon and the night
Friday / f ra,dct/ (n) the day of the week after Thursday and beforeSaturday
Geography /d 3io9 rof i/ (n) the studyof the physicalsurfaceor the Earth andall regionsof the
world
History / h1s1ari/ (n) the studyof events in the past
Humaniiies / hju ma:no1iz/ (n) subjects that you study which are not connected with science,such
asliteratureandhistory
late /lcll / (adj) happeningorarrivingafter the planned. expected. usual or
necessary time
literature /h1ro1Jo/ (n) book•. poems. etc. thatarecon,idered to be art
Management /mren1d3mon1/ (n) the control and organizationof something
Maths /ma:Os/ (n) theStudy or numbers. •hapes and space using reason and usuallya
specialsystem of symbols and rules fororganizingthem
Monday lmAnde1/ (n) the day of the week after Sunday and before Tue.day

UNLOC:te READN
I G ANDWRITING SKILLS 1 GLOSSARY 11
][ Vocabulary
JI
Pronunciation Partof
speech
Definition

morning / mo:n,o / (n) the nrsthalf of the day.from the time when the sun rises or you
wake upuntil the middleof the day
Physics tr,z,ks/ (n) the sclent lncstudy of matter and energy and the effect that they
have on eachother
Science /sa • nts/ {n) the studyand knowledge of the structureand behaviourof natural
things in anorganizedway
study /SIAd i/ (v) to learn about a subject. especially on an educational course or by
readingbooks
Tuesday /t f u1,de1/ (n) the day of the week after Monday and beforeWednesday
TV /1i:vi: / (n) television
village /v1hd 3' {n) a placewhere people live in the countryside that includes buildings
such as shops but is smaller than a town
watch /wo1J/ {n) a smalldock which is worn ona strap al'OUnd thewrist
Wednesday / wcnzdc1/ {n) the day of the week after Tuesday and before Thursday
work / w3:k/ (v) 10 do a job.especially the job youdo to earn money

UNIT 4
bank /baook/ {n) anorganizaitonorplace whe<e youc-an bor<ow money. save money.
etc.
beach /b i:tJ/ {n) anareaof sand o, small stones next to thesea
bridge /b rid3' {n) a structure thatisbuilt over ariver. road. rallway. et c. to allow
people and vehicles to cross from oneside to the other
capital city /krepn Isnit (n) the mostimportant cityin a country or suite, where the
government is based
cliff /khf/ (n) a higharea of rock with a very steep side.oftenon a coast
desert /dcza1/ {n) a large, hot.dryarea of land with very fewplants
factory /fa:kt ri/ (n) a building or set of buildingswhere large amountsof goods are
madeusing mach
ines
farm / fo:m / {n) anarea of land with nelds and buildings. used for growingcrops
and/or keeping animalsas a business
field /li:l d/ (n) an area of land used for growingcropsor keepinganimals
fish /ftJ / (n) ananimal that livesonly in water and swims using its tail and fins
forest lforis1/ {n) a large area of trees growingclosely together
founta
in /faun11n/ (n) a struch.1re that forces water upinto the air as a decoration
hill /lu ll {n) a raised area of lan
, d smaller thana moo-ntain
library /la,brari/ (n) aroom or buitding thatcontains a collection of books and other
written material that you canreador borrow
monument /monjaman1/ {n) an old build,ngor place that is Important in history
mountain /maun11n/ {n) a raised partof the Eart h's surface. much larger than a hill, the top of
whichmight be covered lnsnow
museum /mju:zi:am/ (n) a building where youcanlook at important objects connected with
art. histOf')' or science

' GLOSSARY UNL<XK REAOINGANOWRlTINGSt<tl l S 1


GLOSSARY LH, L TS ' 'n

Vocabulary Pronunciation Partof Definition


speech
park /po: k/ (n) a largeareaof gra.ss and veesin a city or town, where peoplecan
walkand enjoy themselves
river / ri vo/ (n) along,natural area of water that nows across thelandandinto a
sea.lake or another river
road / r'J<Jd/ (n) along, hard surfacebuilt for vehicles to drive on
school /skull (n) a pla(e where (hildren go to be educated
sea / si: / (n) alargearea of s.alt water
shop /f op/ (n) a buildingor partof a building where you(an buy things
train station /1rcm stc1Jon/ (n) a building when? trainsstop so that youcan getonoroff them
university /j11: na' v3:s11i/ (n) a placewhere students studyat a highlevel to get a degree
valley / vreli/ (n) anarea of low landbet\veen hillsor mou ntains.often witha ,iver
running through it

UNITS
baseball /hc 1s bo:I/ (n) a game in which two teams try to winpointsby hittingaballand
runningaround four fixed points
basketball /bo:sk11bo:I/ (n) a gamein which two teams try to scote pointsby throwinga ball
th rough a high net.or the ballused in this game
boring /bo:no/ (adD not intee
r stingOt exciting
cheap /tJ i:p/ (adj) costing httlemoney or less thanisusual or expected
competiiton /kompot1fon/ (n) an organited eventin which people try to win a prize bybeingthe
best.fastest. etc.
exciitng /i ks,11110/ (adij making you feelvery happyand enthusiasitc
exercise /e ksosa1z/ (n} physicalactivity that you do to make your body strongandhealthy
expensive /iks pcnts1v/ (adD ( Ostinga lot of money
famous /fc1mos/ (ad» known and recognized by many people
fan / fren/ (n) someone whoadmiresand supports a p<i<son . spo,rt spons team. et( .
horse riding /ho : s ra 1d10/ (n) the sport0< activity of riding ahorse
ice skating /a1s kc111
0/ (n) the activity or sport of movingacross ice usingice skates
jogging /d3 09 10/ (n) when you jog
judo /d311:d oo/ (n) asport fromJapan Inwhich twopeople tty to throw each other to
the ground
karate / koro:ti/ (n) a sport fromJapan in which peoplefight with the hands or feet
maritalart / mo:Jolo:1/ (n) a sport that is a traditionalJapanese or Chinese formof fighitngor
defendingyourself
national / nref onol/ (adj) relating to or typical of a whole country and its people
online / onlam/ (adj) describesproducts, services or information that can bebought or
used on the Internet
player / ple13' (n) someone who takes part in a game or sport
squash / skwoJ/ (n) a sport Inwhi(h two people hit a small rubber ball against the four
wallsof a room
team game / t i:m gc1m/ (n) a sport played bya group of people against another groupof
players

LL S I
UNl.<>CK READING ANO Wl'UTINGSKIL GLOSSARY'
I Voc>bulary
: :;:;t: Dehniti'on
: nunci atio;== :

tennis Items/ (n) a sport in which twoor four peoplehit a small ball to eachother
over a net
ticket lt1k11/ (n) a small pieceof paper thatshows you have paid to do someth ing:
for example. travel on a bus, watch a film,etc.

UNI T 6

bicycle /ba1s1k3U (n) a two•wheeled vehicle that yousit on and moveby turningthe twO
pedals
building /b1ld10/ (n) a structure with wallsand a roof such asa houseor facto,y. or the
businessof making these
cook lkukl {n) someone who prepares and cooks food
friendly /frc ndli/ (adj) behavingin a pleasant. kindway to wards someone
great /9 re11/ (adj) verygood
healthy /hcl8i/ (adj) good for your health
hospital /hosp1t3U (n) a placewhere ill or injuredpeople go tobe treated bydoctors and
mJises
kitchen lkotf rnl {n) a room wherefood is kept. prepared andcooked and where the
dishes are washed
lunch ,11 ntfl (n) a meal that is eaten in the middle of the day
managre lma:n1d33/ (n) someone in controlof anoffice, shop. team,etc.
medicine /rneds311/ (n) treatment for illnessor injury. or theStudy of this
nurse / n3:SI (n) someone whose jobis to care for illandinjured people

paint /pc,ntl (v) to cover a surface with paint


software lsortwe3 / (n) programsthat you use to make a computer do different things
soon /su:n/ {adv) after a short periodof time

UNI T 7

apartmem /3po:trn3ntl (n) a set of rooms for living in. especiallyon one noor of a building
ceiling ls i:hol (n) thesurface of a,oom which youcan seewhen youlook above you
noor lfb :I (n) a particular level of a building
garden lgo:d3 n/ {n) a pieceof land belongingto a house. where nowersandother
plants are grown
glass /glo: s/ (n) a hard transpafentsubstance that objects such as windows and
bottles are madeof
leisure centre /lc3osc nto/ (n) a building with a swimmingpool and placeswhereyou can play
sports
lift /lo h i (n) a m achine thatcarriespeopte up and downin tallbuildings
light naul (n) a piece of equipment which produces light.such asa lampor a light
bulb
mirror lrnof3i {n) a pie-<e of glass with a shin y metallic mateiralonooe side which
produces animage of anythingthat isin front of it

modern / modon/ (adj) usingthe newestideas.design. technology. etc.and not traditional


office lof1s/ (n) a mom or buildingwhere people work

GLOSSAY
R UNLOCK READING ANO WRIITNGSKILL,$ I
GLOSSARY u·, i S ,O

Vocabulary Pronunciation Partof Definition


... speech
open /w pon/ (v) If a shopor ofticeopens ata particulartimeof day. it starts to do
businessat that time.
park / po:k/ (n) alarge area of grass and trees In a city0< town. wherepeoptecan
walk and enjoy themselves
plastic / plrestok/ (n) a light . ar rincialsubstance thal can be made intodifferentshapes
when it is soft
restaurant /rcs t r5o/ (n) a placewhereyou can buy and eat a meal
roof /ru:rt (n) the surface that covers the top of a buildingor vehicle
room / ru:m/ (n) a part of the inside of a building thatis separated from otherparts
bywalls. noor and celling
shop /f op/ (n) a buildingor part of a buildingwhereyou can buy things
shopping mall /f o, p o ma:1/ (n) a large, covered shopp
ingarea
swimmingpool / sw1m10pu:1/ (n) anarea of water that hasbeen made forpeople to swim in
tall /to:1/ (adj) having a greater than average he,ght
traffic /tra:f ok/ (n) the cars. trucks. e tc. usinga road
wall /w :1/ (n) a vertical structur.eoftenmadeof stone orbrick that divd
i es or
SUl"tOunds something
window /wrndool (n) a space usually nlled withglassin the wall of a buildingor ina
vehicle. to allow lightand air inand 10 allow people inside the
buildingto seeout

UNIT S

apple /repol/ (n) ahatd, ,ound fruit thathas a greenor red skin andis white Inside
banana /bo no:M/ (n) a tongcurved fruit with a yellow skin
bread /bred/ (n) a basic food made by mixingflour. water and sometimes yeast
carrot / k>.erot / (n) a long, thinorangevegetable thatgrowsin the ground
cheese /tfi: '1./ (n) a food made from milk. which caneither be rm or soft and is
usually yellow or white in colour
chef /Jcf / (n) a skilledand trained cook whoworks in a hot or restau1ont,
especially themost important cook
chocolate / tJoklot/ (n) a swee1. brown food that is usually sold in a block
d ish /do JI (n) food preparedin a particularway as partof a meal
egg /cg / (n) anoval object with a hardshell which is produced by female birds.
especially chickens. and which is eaten asfood
sh /foJ / (n) ananimalthat livesonly in water and swims using its tailand fins
mango / mreogool (n) a tropica
l fruit thathas a green skinandis orange inside
meat / mi:1/ (n) muscles and other soft partsof animals. used as food
mushroom / m, J ru: m/ (n) a typeof fungus with a short stemand a round top.some types of
whichcan beeaten
orange / o rond:;/ (n) around, sweet fruit with a thick skin and a centre thatisdivided
Into many equal parts

UNLCOC READINGANOWRITINGSKILLSI GLOS SARY •


I Voabulary

pepper
:= Pronunciation
/pep:,/
:: (:
(n)
Definition

a bla,ck grey. white or red powder produced by crushing dry


peppercorns. which is used to give food a spicy flavour
potato /po1e11ou / (n) a round vegetable with a brown. yellow. o, red skin thatgrowsin the
ground
p,epare / pr,'pc:,/ (v) to make food ready to be eaten
rice / ra1s/ (n) small grainsfrom a plant thatarecookedand eaten
sauce /so: s/ (n) a thick liquid eaten with food to add flavour
serve /s3: v/ (v) to give someone foodor drink. e-speciatly guestsor customers in a
restaurant or bar

UNIT 9

bear /be:,/ (n) a large. strong, wildanimal with thickfur


bird /bo:d/ (n) ananimal thathas wings and feathers.and is usuallyab&e to fly
catch / kretf / (v) to take hotd of so,nething. es ially something thatis moving
through the air
cub /kAbl (n) a youngbear.fox. lion, etc.
grass /gro :s/ (n) a common plant withnarrow green leaves that grows close to the
ground
hunt /h, nt / (v) to chase and kill wildanimals
insect il nsekt/ (n) a small c,eature with six legs:for example. a bee ora fly
layeggs /le, egz/ (v) If ananimal lays eggs. it produces them out of itsbody.

long /l oot (adj) used when askingfororgivinginformation about thedistance of


something
rhino /ra1n-:,u / (n) , hinoceros
run /r. n/ (v) to moveon yourfeet ata faster speed than wakling
snake /s nc,k/ (n) a tong. thincreatu,e with no legs thatslidesalong the ground
spider is pa•d / (n) a small creature with eight long legs whichcatches insectsin a web
(• structurelike a net)
squid /skw1d/ (n) a sea creature with a tong body and ten longarms
strange / s1re ind3' {adJ) If something is strange. it is surprising because it is unusual or
unex ted.
unusual i, nju3 1/ (ad1) different and not0tdinary. often in a way that is interesitngor
exciting
weigh /we,/ (v) to have a heavinessof a stated amount, or to measure the heaviness
of anobject
wing / w,o/ (n) the nat partof the body thata bird uses for flying
wolf / wolf/ (n) a wild animal likea large dog
zebra /zebr / (n) an African animal like a horsewithblack andwhite lines

UNITIO
complete /k mpli:1/ (v) to write all thedetails asked foron a form0( other document
full / fol/ (adj) co ntaininga lot of thingsor people or a lot of something

GLOSSARY UNLOCK REAOING AN O WAITING SJ<I LLS 1


GLOSSARY u I r, , ,c

Vocabulary Pronunciation Part of ' Definition


speech
metro /mc1rou/ (n) an underground railway system in a largecity
motorbike /m3013ba Ik/ (n) a vehicle withrwowheels and anengine
occupation /o kjopc,fon/ (n) someone·sfob
percentage /p3sc n11d:;/ (n) anamount of something.oftenexpressed asa number out of 100
piechart / p,a 1fo:1/ (n) a circle which is divided from its centre into several parts to show
ho,.v a total amoont is divided up
prefer / pr,'(3: / (v) to like someone o, somethingmore than another person or thing
public transport / p, bh k 1rrenspo:1/ (n) a Sy$tem of vehicles such as buses and trains whichopel'ateat
regular timeson fixed routes and are vs«!by the public
spend /s pen<V (v) to use timedoingsomething or being somewhere
ttafnc /1rref, k/ (n) the cars, trucks.etc. usinga road
traffic ;am /1rref, k d3om/ (n) a line of cars.lorries.e tc. that are moving slowlyor not moving ar all
the underground /Andograon d/ (n) the systemof trains thatisbuilt undef London

UNlOOC READING AND WRITING StCIU S I GLOSSARY


In Ind ia ...
VIDEO SCRIPTS Geeta lives in New Delhi.
She plans weddings. Geeta plans 500
UNIT 1 PEOPLE weddings a year. Three hundred people
Narrator: In this video, and in the course, work for Geeta.
you meet people from many different
The people in this video speak different
countries. You learn about their jobs and
languages and do different jobs. But they
their families.
alt have one thing in common: they alt
In the United States ... have interesting lives.
Amarel works in New York. She is a
teacher.
Amarel helps the children with their work
UNIT 2 EXTREME WEATHER
and she asks them lots of questions. Narrator: The northwest of the United
The children show Amarel what they States is an area with tallmountains and
are doing. thick forests. The air is cold and so there
is snow - a tot of snow!- up to about 15
In Mexico ... metres a year. And when it is windy,the
Sebastian is an artist. snow becomes a blizzard. A blizzard is a
Sebastian is famous in Mexico. His art is snowstorm with very strong winds.
important.
You cansee some very large pieces of In a blizzard, there is snow everywhere
Sebastian's art in Mexico City. - in the cities,in the country and on the
roads. A bl izzardis very dangerous. Many
In Italy ... roads dose. When roads are open, drivers
Angela Missoni lives in Milan. can't see. A blizzard can last for three
She is a famous fashion designer and she '
hours andit is very cold. The temperature
works with her family. falls to minus 12 degrees Celsiu s.
They make beautiful clothes.
The big, white cloud you can see here is
In Egypt ... a storm. It is going toward the northwest
Yasmine lives in Cairo, where she works of the United States. In the cold air of the
for a fashion magazine. mountains, the storm becomes a blizzard.
She talks on the phone to journalists Snow begins to fall from theclouds.
every day.
She enjoys her job. Yasmine lives with her Snow can be a big problem for people,
mother and grandmother. They help her like the driver of this car.Near the
with themagazine. mountains and forest. there is more
and more snow. He has a good car but
In South Africa ... it becomes stuck in the thick snow. He
David lives on the Cape Peninsula. leaves the car and tries to walk.But it is
He is a fisherman. cold and he is far from thecity. Hegoes
David catches fish every day and he back to his car. The car is a safe place.
teaches his sons how to fish. There are tomatoes to eat and water to
drink. The car is coldbut he can turn on

VIDEO SCRIPTS UNl«K REAOING ANO WRJTING SKILlS 1


VIDEOSCRIPTS LI',,, ,
the engine to keep warm. Every day, he UNIT 4 FRANCE
cleans snow from the car so people can
Narrator: France is in Western Europe.
see him. This blizzard lasts for 15 days.
It is famous for its culture, fine food and
Finally, a policeman sees the car. The
beautiful countryside.
driver is saved!
The French flagis called theTricolore. It is
red, white and blue.
UNIT 3 LIFE UNDERGROUND
Narrator: Coober Pedy, South Australia. Paris is the capital city of France. Paris
is an important city for business and
It is hot here. The average temperature tourism.
can get as high as 55 degrees Centigrade.
How can peop le live here? This is the Eiffel Tower. It is the most
famous place in Paris. Six million tourists
The answer? They live underground. They visit the tower every year. Another
make houses from the rock. These houses famous place is the Louvre. There are
are comfortable. Dust can be a problem. 30,000 works of art in this museum!
But the people vacuum every day. Almost
3,000 people live in houses like this one. Tourists enjoy the fine food. There are 20
But why do people live in Coober Pedy? different kinds of bread and 350 different
kinds of cheese in France, The food
They live here to work in the opalmines. comes from the many farms in France.
This is an opal. You cansella good opal
for 50,000 dollars! Ninety-five percent of France is also famous for its mountains,
all opalin the world comes from Australia. the Alps andPyrenees. The Tour de France
bicycle race happens every year. The
Milena Telak is from Croatia. She is an opal cyclists race all over France.
miner. Every day, Milena goes to work in
her opalmine. She likes her job. She likes France is aninteresting place to visit.
working underground. Milena works with
other miners. They use bigmachines to
cut the rock,

What do people in Coober Pedy do in


their free time? They play golf! It is too
hot to play in the day so they play at
night. They use bright green golf balls.

UNLOCK R.EAOING ANO WRITING SKILL$ I VIDEOSCRIPTS


UNIT 5 TAI-CHI AND SHAOLIN UNIT 6 DABBAWALLAS
KUNG-FU Narrator: India.Mumbai. This is a very busy
Narrat or: Life is busy in China. The people city. The roads are crowded with people
work hard. Health is important so sports and bicycles, cars and animal.sMumbai
and exercise are popular here. One is an important city. There are many big
popular kind of exercise is Tai-chi. companies and offices here.

Every morning. about 200 million people The man on the bicycle is a 'dabbawalal'.
in China do Tai-chi. It is popular with A dabbawalla takes food to people in
women and men. Tai-chi isa good kind o ffices.
of exercise for old people. It is good for More than 200,000 workers in Mumbai
the body and for the mind. It is healthy want home-cookedfood.Dabbawallas
and relaxing. Tai-chi is from China. It is take food from smallkitchens like this and
hundreds of years old. Tai-chi is a·soft• deliver it to businesses and offices in the
martial art. That means it is slow and calm. city.Cooks put the foodinto a tiffin tin -
There are also' hard'martial arts. These aspecial type of lunchbox.
men are doing Shaolin Kung-fu. Shaolin The dabbawallas take the tiffin tins to the
Kung-fu is over 1,500 years old. Shaolin train station.
Kung-fu is fast and dangerous. You have
to be very fit and strong to do 'hard' The dabbawallas put the tins in coloured
martial arts. bags or they paint symbols on the tins.
The colours and symbols show them
The man in the brown clothes is Master where to take each lunch. They put the
Li-Yu. He teaches Shaolin Kung-fu to 30 lunches on the correct trains so they go
young students. The students practise to the correct person.
every day. They work hard. The students
are young. The dabbawallas go by train, bicycle and
on foot to deliver the lunches. There are
Li-Yu: Kung-fu is difficult. You must practise about 5,000 dabbawallas in Mumbai. The
every move many times. dabbawallas work very well. There is only
Narrator: Sports like football and one mistake in every 8 million deliveries.
basketball are also popular in China. But
martial arts like Tai-chi and Kung-fu are
part of Chinese culture and history.

: VIDEO SCRIPTS UNLOCK READING ANO WlllTING SKILLS l


VIDEO SCRIPTS u1, 1 ; , Io

UNIT 7 BUILDING THE NEW UNIT 8 MEXICAN FOOD


SHANGHAI Narrator: Mexico is famous for its
Narrator: Today, cities are even bigger. beautiful beaches and old buildings. The
busier and more exciting. The buildings country is between the Gulf of Mexico,
are taller, the lights are brighter and there the Pacific and the Caribbean Sea. I t is a
is more traffic. beautiful place.

This is Shanghai. In 1990, around 14 million Mexico has many big cities. The biggest is
people livedhere. Now. there are more Mexico City.
than 23 million! It is important to build Food is very important to the people of
more homes here - and fast! These Mexico. The first chocolate came from
men work at night. They are building Mexico.
apartments.
Martha Ortiz lives in Mexico City. She is a
This is Vincent Lo. He is from Hong Kong. chef.Martha is opening a new restaurant.
Vincent's company makes buildings in There is lots of work to do. Victo r
every part of China. Today Vincent is Zapatero is helping Martha with the
lookingat a new project in Shanghai. design of the restaurant.
Vincent: Over here, we'll have a swimming Martha is going to a market. She needs
pool and a leisure centre. to buy food for the first night of the
This is the view. Over there is a park and a restaurant. She finds what she wants.
lake. And here are offices. She enjoys making the food. Martha is
making a famous Mexican sauce. It is
Narrator: Vincent's company built
Xintiandi. Xintiandi means 'New heaven called mole. Martha uses chocolate to
and earth'. It is a new part of Shanghai. make mole.

The man with Vincent is Ben Wood.He Everything is ready. Martha can now enjoy
is an architect.He works for Vincent's the first night of her new restaurant.
company. People like Vincent andBen
are working all over China to build similar
places to live.

UNLOCK REAOING ANO WR.IYING $ Kill$ I VIDEO SCRIPTS L


UNIT 9 SOUTH AFRICAN UNIT 10 TOKYO TRANSPORT
WILDLIFE Narrat or: Tokyo is one of the biggest cities
N arrator: Morning. South Africa. This is a in the world.
land of diversity. Around 13 million people live here. Every
The savannah is the home of about 300 day, million s more come to Tokyo to
species of wildlife. work. Transport in the city is very busy.
How do people get to work? And how do
These zebras travel in groups called herds. they get around the cit y?
They only stop to drink water or eat grass.
Tokyo has excellent public andprivate
And these are springboks. They are transport. There are over 50,000 taxis.
popular in South Africa. Springbo ks are And over 8 million passengers use the
fast and tough. urban rail system every day.

Many tourists come to South Africa from The Shinkansen bullet train is a very fast
other countries. They come to see the way to get to Tokyo. The trains travel at
wildli fe. Lions and elephants are the most up to 300 kilometres per hour. They are
popular animals.But there are many other very efficient. They are almost never late.
interesting animalsin South Africa.
Another popular way to commute to
Here is one of them. The rhino is one of Tokyo is by plane. The flight between
the most powerful animals in the world. Tokyo and Sapporo, in Nor th Japan, is the
This rhino isalmost 2,000 kilograms. busiest in the world. More than10 million
But he can run at 40 kilometres per hour. passengers take this journey every year.
It is not the fastest animal in the world.
But it can be one of the most dangerous. You can check in with your mobile phone.

South Africa also has a diverse sea life . A modern and efficient transport system
There are more than 11,000 species of is a very important part of everyday lifein
plants and animals in or near South Tokyo.
Africa's oceans.

Penguins are perhaps the most unusual


animals you cansee in South Africa. Four
thousand penguins live on Boulders Beach
near Cape Town. They are not afraid of
people! Penguins are very popular with
the tourists in South Africa.

South Africa is a land of diversity.

VI0[O SCRIPTS UNLOCK READINGANO WRITING SKIU.S 1


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Auth o r ackn o wledgcrncnts Q3t-arSlcills Academy, Qa1ar; Josh Round, Saint George
Firstof all,r would like to thank my studcnls ;:i.nd colleagues in hue rnationa,l UK; Harika S3gli<:ak, Bogazid University,
AlAin and Abu Dhabiwho have inspired1hi$book.Thanks Turkey;Asli Sarncoglu, lsik University. 'lurkey: N•il S.rkar.
we.II to theeditorsof thisbook: Nik White, Janet Weller,
.1$ Ealing, Hammersmith and West London College, UK; Nancy
Barry"fodmai1 and Fra11 Oiskcn, Thebiggest thank you g s Shepherd. Bahrain University, 8ahl'3in;Jonathan Smith,
to my husband, Robert Ryan, for hisendlesssupport and Sabanci Vnivcr5,ity, Turk<:y; Peter Smith, United Arab Emirates
cncourn,gcment Univer5ity, VAE;AdemSoruc, Fatih University lslanbul,
Sabin3 Ostrowska Turkey; Dr PtterStanfield, HCT. Madina t Zaye<l & Ruwais
Pu blis her 's a ckn ow lcd gc mc nl.S
Colleges, UAE; Maria AgataSzc,;etbi'4 Uni1cd Arab Emfrate.s
Thepublishersareextremely grateful to thefollowing people University,Al Ain, UAE; Burcu Te1..can•Unal. 8ilgi Univtrsity,
and the it students for revic...i.ng and trialling this courst Turkey; Or Nakonthcp Tipaya.supn.rat, Rangsit University,
during itsdcvelopmc1\l. The GOu r$e has bcncfitOO hugcJy lrom Thailand; Scott1"hornbury. The NewSchool. New York, USA;
your ins·ightfulcomments,advice and (ctdback. Sus;m Toth, HCT, Dub;ii Men'sCampus:, Dubai. UA£; Mclin
Una.I, Ege Uni\'ersity. l:imir, Turkey; Aylin Unaldi. 8ogazic;i
Mr M.K. Adjibade, King Saud University.S3udi Arabia; Canan University, Turkty:Colleen Wackrow. PrincessNourah bint
Aktug, 8ut$o1Tcc.bnica.l University, Turkey;Olwyn Alexander, Abdulrahman University, Riyadh,Saudi Ar3bia; Gordon
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Taha.ni A1·13ha, UniveNit)' of Dubai, UAE;Ozlcm Atalay, Sutc.u Imam University, Turkey.
Middle £a.st Technical University, Turkey;Seda Metter
Special thanks to Peter tucantoni for sharing his expertise,
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bo1h ptdagogka1 andcultural.
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