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ASSCONSTRUCTION AND INTERPRETATION Meaning/Purpose/Basis

• Legislative intent
• Legislative purpose
• Power to construe/Limitations

The legislature has no power to overrule the interpretation made by the Court:
Meaning and Exceptions

• When to construe: Condition Sine Qua Non; Ambiguity meaning


• Verba legis (Plain meaning rule) -
• Maxim: index animi sermo est (speech is the index of intention) Presumption:

Law, Defined/Purposes/Characteristics/Sources/Classification

When Laws take Effect/ Civil Code/EO 200


• Tañada vs Tuvera 136 SCRA 27
• Positive Law vs. Private Law

Statutes: Definition/classification

Designations used for Philippine laws


The power to make, alter, or repeal laws.
Article VI Section 1, Constitution

BILLS/ Constitutional Requirements on the Passage of a Bill

• Conference Committee Report


• Authentication of Bills
• President’s approval or veto

PARTS OS STATUTE
PREAMBLE-
TITLE OF THE STATUTE-
PURPOSES OF TITLE REQUIREMENT
▪ hodge podge or log-rolling legislation.
Hodge-Podge/definition
▪ Riders/definition

o Lidasan vs COMELEC 21 SCRA 496

HOW REQUIREMENT OF TITLE CONSTRUED

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EFFECT OF INSUFFICIENCY OF TITLE
o IN RE CUNANAN

ENACTING CLAUSE
BODY OF THE STATUTE
SEPARABILITY CLAUSE
REPEALING CLAUSE
EFFECTIVITY CLAUSE/General Rule/Exception
o La Bugal-b’laan Tribal Association, Inc. vs Ramos 421 SCRA 148

Supreme Court rule-making power-


Legislative power of the Local government units
• Barangay Ordinances
• Municipal
• City
• Provincial ordinances

Validity of statutes

Presumption of constitutionality:

Judicial Power/definition

o The existence of an appropriate case


▪ Actual case and controversy
o Locus standi - Legal standing to sue
o Lis mota of the case

Test of constitutionality

Effects of unconstitutionality/ General rule


o Prior to the declaration of nullity

Partial Invalidity/General rule/Exception:


When Local Ordinance take effect
Manner of computing time:

RULES OF CONSTRUCTION

• Legislative intent
• Legislative purpose
• Legislative meaning

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• Matters inquired into in construing a statute
• Power to construe
o A moot and academic case
o Endencia v. David 93 Phil. 699

• Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Limpan Investment

AIDS TO CONSTUCTION

Intrinsic Aids

• City of Baguio, ET AL. vs. PIO R. MARCOS, ET AL.G.R. No. L-26100 February 28, 1969
Sanchez, J.

• EBARLE VS. SUCALDITO

People of the Philippines v. Purisima


G.R. Nos. L-42050-66 (November 20, 1978)

People v. Echavez
G.R. Nos. L-47757-61. January 28, 1980

PRC vs. De Guzman


G. R. No. 144681, June 21, 2004

Basbacio vs. DOJ


G.R. No. 109445. November 07, 1994]
. NAPOLCOM v. De Guzman

Extrinsic aids

• Fabella v. CA
• Bocobo v Estanislao

Consequences of various constructions/ Presumptions

Legislative history

o What constitutes legislative history

Peope v. Manantan

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Change in phraseology by amendment
Amendment by deletion –
Adopted statutes
Conditions at the time of enactment
History of the time

Contemporaneous construction

• Kinds of Executive Construction, generally

Weight given to contemporaneous construction

CHARTERED BANK EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION V. OPLE, GR. No. L-44717, 28 August 1985
Enrique v. CA
ABS-CBN v. CTA

Legislative interpretation
Legislative approval
Reenactment
Stare decisis –