Sie sind auf Seite 1von 58

'DVQHXH$EHQWHXHU

-XUL7ULIRQRZ
'HU'RNWRUGHU6WXGHQWXQG0LWMD
9HUODJ1HXHV/HEHQ%HUOLQ

9E\'XPPH3XWH
7LWHOGHVUXVVLVFKHQ2ULJLQDOV>hdlhjklm^_glb Fbly
,QV'HXWVFKHEHUWUDJHQYRQ0RQLND7DQW]VFKHU
,OOXVWUDWLRQHQYRQ.DUO)LVFKHU
,6%1
)UGLHGHXWVFKHhEHUVHW]XQJ
‹9HUODJ9RONXQG:HOW%HUOLQ
)UGLH,OOXVWUDWLRQHQ
‹9HUODJ1HXHV/HEHQ%HUOLQ
/L]HQ]1U 
/69
8PVFKODJ.DUO)LVFKHU
7\SRJUDILH:DOWHU/HLSROG
6FKULIWS7LPHOHVV
*HVDPWKHUVWHOOXQJ  'UXFNHUHL1HXHV'HXWVFKODQG%HUOLQ
%HVWHOO1U



$Q HLQHP $SULOWDJ YHUOLH‰ HLQ OHLFKWHU *HOlQGHZDJHQ


YRP 7\S *$6 VFKOLFKW Ä%|FNFKHQ³ JHQDQQW GLH
6WDWLRQ.XQGIXKULQ5LFKWXQJ1RUGHQLQV:VWHQLQQHUH
$X‰HU GHP )DKUHU VD‰HQ LP $XWR 'U /MDFKRZ GHU QDFK
]ZHLZ|FKLJHU $EZHVHQKHLW ]X VHLQHU ([SHGLWLRQ ]XUFN
NHKUWH XQG GHU 0RVNDXHU (QWRPRORJLHVWXGHQW %RWVFKDU
QLNRZGHUZHJHQ.UDQNKHLWLQ.]XUFNJHEOLHEHQZDU(U
KDWWH GHQ 'RNWRU ]XIlOOLJ NHQQHQJHOHUQW XQG LKQ JHEHWHQ
PLWIDKUHQ ]X GUIHQ GD LKUH ([SHGLWLRQHQ EHQDFKEDUW
ZDUHQ
$XI KDOEHP :HJ ]ZLVFKHQ GHQ %UXQQHQ 7VFKRWXU XQG
.HUSHOL ZXUGH GDV $XWR YRP 5HJHQ EHUUDVFKW (V ZDU
GUHL8KUQDFKPLWWDJV6FKODJDUWLJZXUGHHVVRGXQNHODOV
EUlFKH GLH 1DFKW KHUHLQ (LQ KHIWLJHU 2VWZLQG GHU VFKRQ
]ZHL7DJHODQJDQKLHOWMDJWHNDOWH6FKDXHULQGHQ:DJHQ
/MDFKRZ GHU QHEHQ GHP )DKUHU XQG VRPLW DXI GHU :LQG
VHLWHVD‰ZDULP1XY|OOLJGXUFKQl‰W
Ä8QG GDV QHQQW VLFK :VWH « 9RQ ZHJHQ NHLQ :DVVHU
XQG +|OOHQJOXW³ EUXPPWH HU XQG KOOWH VLFK LQ VHLQHQ
:HWWHUXPKDQJ Ä:DUXP ]XP 7HXIHO KDEHQ 6LH GLH 6HL
WHQSODQHQDEJHQRPPHQ",FKKDE6LHGRFKJHZDUQWGD‰HV
GDIUQRFK]XIUKLVW6LHKDOWHQVLFKIUHLQHQ $OWHLQJH
VHVVHQHQXQGIDOOHQPLW,KUHQ3URJQRVHQGDXHUQGKHUHLQ³
'LH %HPHUNXQJ JDOW GHP )DKUHU 0LWMD GHU LQ . PLW
/MDFKRZ HLQHQ JUR‰HQ 6WUHLW ZHJHQ GHU 6HLWHQSODQHQ
JHKDEWKDWWH0LWMDKDWWHIUGLHQlFKVWHQ7DJHHLQHQULFK
WLJHQ .DUDNXPHU +LW]HDXVEUXFK YRUDXVJHVDJW EHL GHP
PDQDXFKQLFKWHLQHQ.LORPHWHULQJHVFKORVVHQHP:DJHQ
IDKUHQ N|QQH (U KDWWH VLFK QLFKW GDYRQ DEEULQJHQ ODVVHQ
XQGGLH6HLWHQSODQHQDEJHQRPPHQ
%RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK /MDFKRZ HLQ PDJHUHU EORQGHU 7\S
PLW VFKWWHUHP /RFNHQKDDU XQG HLQHP QHUY|VHQ U|WOLFK
EUDXQJHEUDQQWHQVFKPDOHQ*HVLFKWZLUNWHlOWHU DOVVHLQH
GUHL‰LJ-DKUH(UDUEHLWHWHHUVWGDV]ZHLWH-DKULQ7XUNPH
QLHQ NHKUWH DEHU JHUQ GHQ HUIDKUHQHQ .DUDNXPHU KHUYRU
SUDKOWH PLW RUWVEOLFKHQ $XVGUFNHQ XQG KDWWH GLH *H
ZRKQKHLW DQJHQRPPHQ PLW DOOHQ XQG EHU DOOHV LQ PU
ULVFK EHOHKUHQGHP 7RQ ]X VSUHFKHQ (U JODXEWH GDGXUFK
JHVHW]W]XZLUNHQ
Ä,FKKDEHGRFKYRUDXVJHVDJWGD‰GHU:LQGQLFKWV*XWHV
YHUKHL‰W 6LH PVVHQ HEHQ LPPHU DXI PLFK K|UHQ³
EUXPPWHHUXQGYHUJUXEVHLQH1DVHLQGHPIHXFKWHQ.UD
JHQÄ$EVXUG²LFKKDEHUHFKWEHKDOWHQXQGGXUFKZHLFKH
DOVHUVWHUZLHHLQ+XQG³
Ä6HW]HQ 6LH VLFK GRFK DQV 6WHXHU %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK
0|FKWHQ6LH"³
Ä6FKRQJXWIDKUHQ6LH]XNHLQH$EOHQNXQJ³
Ä,FKOHQNHQLFKWDE³
Ä8QGZLGHUVSUHFKHQ6LHQLHZHQQ6LH HWZDVQLFKW ZLV
VHQ³
Ä,FKZLGHUVSUHFKHMDJDUQLFKW³
Ä,Q GLHVHP )UKMDKU JLEW HV WDWVlFKOLFK HUVWDXQOLFK YLHO
1LHGHUVFKODJ³ OLH‰ VLFK %RWVFKDUQLNRZV GQQH 6WLPPH
YRP 5FNVLW] YHUQHKPHQ 'HU 6WXGHQW VFKOLFKWHWH
/MDFKRZV XQG 0LWMDV 6WUHLWLJNHLWHQ LQGHP HU VLH DXV GHU
$OOWDJVVSKlUH LQ GLH :LVVHQVFKDIW WUDQVSRUWLHUWH Ä1DFK
GHU DOWHQ RULHQWDOLVFKHQ =HLWUHFKQXQJ JLEW HV HLQ -DKU GHV
+DPPHOVHLQ-DKUGHU6FKODQJHHLQ-DKUGHV3IHUGHVXQG
VRIRUWLQVJHVDPW]Z|OI-DKUH'LHVHV-DKUKDEHQZLUGDV
-DKU GHV )LVFKHV IROJOLFK P‰WH HV VHKU UHJQHULVFK VHLQ
:DVHVMDDXFKLVWZLH6LHVHKHQ³
Ä'DYRQZLUGPLUQLFKWOHLFKWHU³EUXPPWH/MDFKRZXQG
IJWHQDFKNXU]HP6FKZHLJHQKLQ]XÄ,FKELQNHLQ)LVFK³
'HUVWlPPLJHURWZDQJLJH6WXGHQWPLWVHLQHPZHLQURWHQ
6NLDQ]XJUHL]WH/MDFKRZ0|JOLFKHUZHLVHODJHVDQGHVVHQ
$OOZLVVHQKHLW DQ GHQ DNDGHPLVFKHQ 0DQLHUHQ GHUHU
/MDFKRZ OlQJVW HQWZ|KQW ZDU RGHU GDUDQ GD‰ HU VWlQGLJ
LUJHQGZHOFKH (LQWUDJXQJHQ LQ VHLQ +HIW YRUQDKP XQG
OHEKDIWHV ,QWHUHVVH IU DOOHV DQ GHQ 7DJ OHJWH ZDV LKQ
XPJDE ZlKUHQG /MDFKRZ VRJDU ]X IDXO ZDU QDFK UHFKWV
XQG OLQNV ]X EOLFNHQ /MDFKRZ ZDU EHUHLWV DP HUVWHQ 7DJ
LKUHU %HNDQQWVFKDIW ]X GHP 6FKOX‰ JHNRPPHQ GD‰ GHU
(QWRPRORJH EHVFKUlQNW XQG HLQIlOWLJ VHL ZLH VR YLHOH
ÄVWXGLHUWH³ MXQJH /HXWH (U VSUDFK QXU YRQ VHLQHP %HUXI
XQGGUFNWHVLFKGHUPD‰HQJHVFKZROOHQDXVGD‰/MDFKRZ
LKQQLFKWK|UHQNRQQWHRKQH]XVFKPXQ]HOQ
Ä'HU QLFKW JDQ] XQEHNDQQWH 0DOSLJKL³ VSUDFK HU EHL
VSLHOVZHLVHPLWZLFKWLJHU0LHQHÄVDJWHHLQPDOHLQ JHIO
JHOWHV :RUW (V JLEW NHLQH 3IODQ]H NHLQ SIODQ]OLFKHV
2UJDQGDVQLFKWLQGHU/DJHZlUH*DOOHQ]XELOGHQ«å³
(UEHID‰WHVLFKPLWGHP6WXGLXPGHU*DOOHQMHQHUVHOW
VDPHQ *HZHEHZXFKHUXQJHQ DQ 3IODQ]HQ GLH GXUFK ,Q
VHNWHQ HQWVWHKHQ XQG ZDU EHU]HXJW GD‰ GLH *HVFKLFKWH
GLHVHU :XFKHUXQJHQ IU GLH JHVDPWH 0HQVFKKHLW YRQ
HQRUPHP,QWHUHVVHVHL.XU]/MDFKRZZDUDQHLQHQVHOWHQ
ODQJZHLOLJHQ :HJJHQRVVHQ JHUDWHQ (LQH KDOEH 6WXQGH
VFKOHSSWH VLFK LKUH 8QWHUKDOWXQJ KLQ GDQQ ILQJ /MDFKRZ
DQ ]X VHXI]HQ ]X JlKQHQ XQG VFKOLH‰OLFK YHUVWXPPWH HU
HQGJOWLJ
'HU GlPPULJH +LPPHO XQG GLH YRQ GHU 1lVVH EUDXQHQ
:DQGHUGQHQ GLH VLFK QDFK EHLGHQ 6HLWHQ JOHLFKI|UPLJ
ELV DQ GHQ +RUL]RQW KLQ]RJHQ GHU %HQ]LQJHUXFK XQG GDV
5WWHOQ ZLUNWHQ HLQVFKOlIHUQG XQG EDOG K|UWH /MDFKRZ
DXFK GDV 6FKQDUFKHQ GHV 6WXGHQWHQ KLQWHU VLFK (U VHOEVW
KlWWH DXFK HLQ ZHQLJ VFKOXPPHUQ P|JHQ ZlUH QLFKW GLH
.lOWH JHZHVHQ ,Q GDV :DJHQLQQHUH ZDU :DVVHU HLQJH
GUXQJHQXQGDXIGHP%RGHQKDWWHVLFKHLQH3IW]HJHELO
GHW VR GD‰ /MDFKRZ HLQH XQEHTXHPH 3RVH HLQQHKPHQ
PX‰WH(UVD‰JHNUPPWXQGKDWWHGLH DQJH]RJHQHQ.QLH
JHJHQ GLH ,QQHQZDQG GHV )DKU]HXJV JHVWHPPW $OV GDV
$XWR EHU HLQH %RGHQZHOOH KROSHUWH JOLWWHQ VHLQH %HLQH
LQV1DVVHDEXQGHUIOXFKWH6REDOGZLUGDVLQGGDFKWHHU
PX‰LFKHWZDV]XPLUQHKPHQ:RGNDYLHOOHLFKW,FKKROH
PLUKLHUQRFKHLQH/XQJHQHQW]QGXQJ
'DVHULQQHUWHLKQGDUDQGD‰PDQ DXV $VFKFKDEDG QRFK
LPPHU QLFKW GDV YHUVSURFKHQH 3HQL]LOOLQ JHVFKLFNW KDWWH
'LH(LVHQEDKQSROLNOLQLNLQ.WHLOWHGLH0HGLNDPHQWHVHKU
NQDSS ]X MHGH .OHLQLJNHLW PX‰WH PDQ PLW )OHKHQ RGHU
'URKXQJHQHUSUHVVHQ0LWGHUOHL%LWWVWHOOHUHLKDWWH HU VLFK
ZlKUHQGVHLQHU'LHQVWUHLVH7DJIU7DJEHIDVVHQPVVHQ
'HU'RNWRUGDFKWHGDUDQZLHOXVWORVHUQDFK7XUNPHQL
HQ JHIDKUHQ ZDU ± HU ZDU DOV $EVROYHQW KLHU HLQJHVHW]W
ZRUGHQ ± ZLH HU DEHU LP VWLOOHQ GLH +RIIQXQJ JHKHJW
KDWWH VLFK PLW HLQHP 7HLOJHELHW GHU (SLGHPLRORJLH EHIDV
VHQ]XN|QQHQ$UWLNHOIUGDVÄ0HGL]LQLVFKH-RXUQDO³]X
VFKUHLEHQ GDV ZUGH QDFK HWZDV NOLQJHQ 'U /MDFKRZ
.DUDNXP  XQG QDFK XQG QDFK VHLQH 'LVVHUWDWLRQ IHUWLJ]X
VWHOOHQ 6WDWW GHVVHQ QDKPHQ LKQ GLH HQGORVHQ )DKUWHQ
,PSIXQJHQ XQG WDXVHQGHUOHL DGPLQLVWUDWLYH $QJHOHJHQ
KHLWHQGHUPD‰HQLQ $QVSUXFK GD‰ ZHGHU .UDIW QRFK =HLW
IU ZLVVHQVFKDIWOLFKH $UEHLW EOLHE $XFK HUZLHV VLFK GDV
/HEHQ LQ GHU :VWH DOV EHVFKZHUOLFKHU DOV HU JHGDFKW
KDWWH%LVMHW]W YHUDXVJDEWH HU HLQHQ *UR‰WHLO VHLQHU VHHOL
VFKHQ .UlIWH GDIU WlJOLFK XQG VWQGOLFK PLW GHU :VWH
IHUWLJ ]X ZHUGHQ PLW LKUHQ VSDUWDQLVFKHQ %UlXFKHQ GHU
XQJHUHJHOWHQ/HEHQVZHLVHGHU(LQVDPNHLW
/MDFKRZ ZDU PLW VHLQHU MXQJHQ )UDX QDFK 7XUNPHQLHQ
JHNRPPHQ6LHZDU3LDQLVWLQ]ZDUNHLQHYRQGHQJUR‰HQ
GRFKKDWWHVLHHLQH 0RVNDXHU 0XVLNVFKXOH DEVROYLHUW XQG
WUXJVLFKPLWGHU$EVLFKW]XXQWHUULFKWHQ,QGHU6LHGOXQJ
ZR VLH ZRKQWHQ JDE HV MHGRFK NHLQH 0XVLNVFKXOH XQG
QDFK 1HELW'DJ RGHU .UDVQRZRGVN XP]XVLHGHOQ JHODQJ
/MDFKRZQLFKW9HURQLNDYHUWUXJGLH+LW]HXQGGDV)HKOHQ
YRQ *HPVH VFKOHFKW /MDFKRZ PDFKWH GDV QLFKWV DXV HU
NRQQWHDXVVFKOLH‰OLFKYRQ.RQVHUYHQXQG=ZLHEHOQOHEHQ
=ZLHEHOQJDEHVKLHUJHQXJ9HURQLNDOLWWGDUXQWHUGD‰HV
NHLQH .DUWRIIHOQ JDE .DUWRIIHOQ EUDFKWHQ GLH $UPHQLHU
DXV %DNX EHUV 0HHU KLHUKHU XQG VLH ZDUHQ DXI GHP
0DUNW VHKU WHXHU  GD‰ VLH LKUH 0XVLN QLFKW KDWWH GD‰ HV
KLHU NHLQ )O‰FKHQ JDE XQG YRU DOOHP GD‰ VLH ]XP
1LFKWVWXQ YHUXUWHLOW ZDU 6LH KDWWH VLFK EHUKDXSW EHU
VFKlW]WDOVVLHLKU(LQYHUVWlQGQLVJDEPLWLKUHP0DQQLQ
GLH:VWH]X]LHKHQ9RUHLQHPKDOEHQ-DKUZDU9HURQLND
QDFK0RVNDX]XLKUHQ(OWHUQ JHUHLVW ZDV HLQHU 7UHQQXQJ
JOHLFKNDP
Ä'DLVWDXFKVFKRQ6FKRU.HUSHOL³OLH‰VLFK0LWMDQDFK
ODQJHP 6FKZHLJHQ YHUQHKPHQ 'HU :DJHQ IXKU DXI HLQH
ZHLWH HEHQH )OlFKH GLH DQ GHQ *UXQG HLQHV DXVJHWURFN
QHWHQ 6HHV HULQQHUWH (V ZDU 6DO]ERGHQ KLHU 6FKRU JH
QDQQW5HFKWVXQGOLQNVWUPWHQVLFKKRKH6DQGKJHO'HU
%RGHQGHV6FKRUVZDUYRQHLQHUVHOWVDPURVLJHQ)lUEXQJ
YHUXUVDFKW YRP DXVWUHWHQGHQ 6DO] 'LH URVD (UGH GHKQWH
VLFK ELV ]XP +RUL]RQW XQG YHUVFKPRO] LQ GHU )HUQH PLW
GHPQHEOLJJUDXHQ+LPPHO
(LQH KDOEH 6WXQGH VSlWHU KLHOW GHU Ä*DVLN³ QHEHQ ]ZHL
QLHGULJHQ /HKPNDWHQ PLW IODFKHQ 'lFKHUQ .HUSHOL ZDU
HLQJHZ|KQOLFKHU:VWHQEUXQQHQ
5XQGXP ZDU DOOHV NDKO GLH 9HJHWDWLRQ ZDU YRP 9LHK
QLHGHUJHWUDPSHOW ZRUGHQ GDV PDQ KLHUKHU ]XU 7UlQNH
WULHE'LH.DWHQQHEHQGHP%UXQQHQVWHOOWHQHLQHHLJHQDU
WLJH :VWHQKHUEHUJH GDU LQ GHU +LUWHQ XQG 5HLVHQGH
EHUQDFKWHWHQ XQG XQWHU GHUHQ EUFKLJHP 'DFK PDQ MH
GHU]HLW JHWURFNQHWHQ +HL]PLVW IDQG )HW]HQ DOWHU =HLWXQ
JHQ LP .HKULFKW YHUVWUHXWHQ :UIHO]XFNHU XQG DP 7U
EDONHQNOHEHQGH6NRUSLRQH
$QVFKHLQHQGKLHOWVLFKJHUDGHQLHPDQGLQGHQ.DWHQDXI
GDIU VFKLPPHUWHQ DQ GLH KXQGHUW 0HWHU YRP %UXQQHQ
HQWIHUQW HLQ SDDU =HOWH (LQ /DVWNUDIWZDJHQ PLW =HOWSODQH
VWDQG LP 5HJHQ VHLQH QDVVHQ .RWIOJHO JOlQ]WHQ ,Q GHU
)DKUHUNDELQH VFKOLHI GDV /HQNUDG XPVFKOXQJHQ GHU
&KDXIIHXU
Ä'LH 0HOLRUDWRUHQ YRQ 'DUJDQVKLN³ VDJWH 0LWMD XQG
VSlKWHLQGLH)DKUHUNDELQHÄ'HQ%XUVFKHQNHQQHLFKDEHU
QLFKW«³
$XI GHQ 0RWRUHQOlUP KLQ WUDWHQ ]ZHL 0lQQHU DXV GHQ
=HOWHQ ± GHU HLQH JHGUXQJHQ PLW JHVFKRUHQHP .RSI XQG
UXQGHP JHGXQVHQHP LUJHQGZLH VDFNDUWLJHP *HVLFKW LQ
GHPVLFKGLH6FKOLW]DXJHQYHUORUHQGD]XHLQVFKPDOOLSSL
JHU0XQG.QRSIQDVHXQGLQV$XJHVSULQJHQGHDEVWHKHQ
GH2KUHQGLHVHLQHP*HVLFKWHLQHQZDFKVDPHQ$XVGUXFN
YHUOLHKHQ GHU DQGHUH HLQ PDJHUHU SRFNHQQDUELJHU $OWHU
GHU HLQH %ULOOH PLW 6WDKOJHVWHOO WUXJ 'HU 0DQQ PLW GHQ
DEVWHKHQGHQ2KUHQHUZLHVVLFKDOVGHU/HLWHUGHU0HOLRUD
WLRQVJUXSSH3HWXFKRZ
Ä:RKLQGHV:HJVWHXUH*lVWH"³IUDJWHHUK|IOLFKDOVGLH
$QN|PPOLQJHGDV=HOWEHWUDWHQVLFKLKUHUQDVVHQ:HWWHU
XPKlQJH XQG :DWWHMDFNHQ HQWOHGLJWHQ XQG VLFK DXI WXUN
PHQLVFKH $UW DXI )LO]PDWWHQ QLHGHUOLH‰HQ ,P =HOW VD‰
QRFK HLQ GULWWHU 0DQQ HLQ ILQVWHUHU GXQNHOKlXWLJHU 7XUN
PHQH XQG EOlWWHUWH EHLP 6FKHLQ GHU 3HWUROHXPODPSH LQ
LUJHQGZHOFKHQ3DSLHUHQ
/MDFKRZ VDJWH VLH IKUHQ QDFK -DVFKDQ XQG UHFKQHWHQ
GDPLWDP0LWWDJGHVIROJHQGHQ7DJHVGRUW]XVHLQ
Ä,FK IUFKWH GDV VFKDIIHQ 6LH QLFKW³ VDJWH 3HWXFKRZ
Ä'HU :HJ LVW HLQH HLQ]LJH *UXEH (LQHQ 7DJ P‰WHQ 6LH
VFKRQZDUWHQ³
Ä1HLQ QHLQ³ ULHI /MDFKRZ DXV Ä8QP|JOLFK ,FK PX‰
PRUJHQGDVHLQNHLQHQ7DJVSlWHU³
Ä0HLQ$XWRGDV/HEHQVPLWWHOKROHQVROOVWHKWDXFKLFK
NDQQPLFKQLFKWHQWVFKOLH‰HQ'HU 6FKRU LVW XQSDVVLHUEDU
GHUUHLQVWH6XPSI³
Ä$EHU ZLU VLQG GRFK DXFK GXUFKJHNRPPHQ³ VDJWH GHU
6WXGHQW PLW HLQHP IUDJHQGHQ /lFKHOQ XQG ]ZLQNHUWH PLW
GHQYHUVFKODIHQHQJHU|WHWHQ$XJHQ
Ä+HXWH MD )UHXQG DEHU PRUJHQ VLHKW GDV VFKRQ JDQ]
DQGHUV DXV 0RUJHQ LVW DOOHV HQGJOWLJ DXIJHZHLFKW 8QG
6LHPVVHQQRFKGHQ8VERLGXUFKTXHUHQXQGGDLVW:DV
VHU/LHJWQDWUOLFKLQ,KUHP(UPHVVHQ³3HWXFKRZ]XFNWH
GLH$FKVHOQÄ,VWQXUHLQHIUHXQGVFKDIWOLFKH:DUQXQJ³
/MDFKRZ VSUDQJ DXI VFKRE GLH =HOWEDKQ EHLVHLWH KLHOW
VHLQH +DQG LQ GHQ 5HJHQ XQG VHW]WH VLFK ZLHGHU DXI GLH
)LO]PDWWH Ä1D ZDV PDFKHQ ZLU 0LWMD"³ 0LWMD JDOW WURW]
VHLQHU-XJHQGDOVHLQHUGHUJHOlQGHVLFKHUVWHQ)DKUHULQGHU
.DUDNXP(UZDUDXV%DFKDUGHQJHEUWLJKDWWHKLHU]XODQ
GH DQ GHU LUDQLVFKHQ *UHQ]H LQ GHU $UPHH JHGLHQW XQG
VSUDFKWXUNPHQLVFKVRJXWZLHUXVVLVFK
0LWMD IKUWH GLH NQRFKLJH )DXVW ]XP 0XQG KXVWHWH
ZLFKWLJ XQG VDJWH Ä,FK PHLQH %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVRK ZLU
PVVHQ VRZLHVR LQ .HUSHOL EHUQDFKWHQ 8QG PRUJHQ
ZHUGHQZLUZHLWHUVHKHQ³

%RWVFKDUQLNRZJLQJLQV1DFKEDU]HOWVFKODIHQXQG0LWMD
IOVWHUWH /MDFKRZ ]X HU KDEH KLHU HLQH %HNDQQWH GLH
.|FKLQXQGYHUVFKZDQGHEHQIDOOV
,P=HOWZDUHVNODPPXQGYROOJHUDXFKWGLH/DPSHGLH
DQ HLQHP 'UDKW YRQ GHU 'HFNH KLQJ EODNWH XQG HV URFK
V‰OLFK QDFK 3HWUROHXPGXQVW XQG IHXFKWHP 6FKXKZHUN
)HLQHU5HJHQQLHVHOWHDXIGLH=HOWSODQH(LQH)UDXWUDWHLQ
6LHWUXJHLQH:DWWHMDFNHXQGHLQJUDXHV.RSIWXFKGDVGDV
*HVLFKW VR YHUKOOWH GD‰ QXU GLH VSLW]H 1DVH XQG GLH
XQVFK|Q ]XVDPPHQJHSUH‰WHQ ZLQGJHJHUEWHQ /LSSHQ
VLFKWEDUZDUHQ2IIHQEDUZDUGDVGLH.|FKLQGLHVLFKWOLFK
HUERVWVFKLHQ6LHVWHOOWHVFKZHLJHQGGHQ7HHNHVVHODXIGLH
)LO]PDWWH XQG JLQJ ZLHGHU KLQDXV $OOH VHW]WHQ VLFK XP
GHQ.HVVHOKHUXP±3HWXFKRZGHUEHEULOOWH$OWH/MDFKRZ
XQGGHU7XUNPHQH
Ä6LH LVW JDQ] LQ 2UGQXQJ³ VDJWH OlFKHOQG GHU $OWH XQG
ULHEVLFKGLH+lQGH(UWUXJDOWHVSHFNLJH+DQGVFKXKHPLW
GXUFKO|FKHUWHQ )LQJHUOLQJHQ Ä:LH HV EHL GHQ 7XUNPHQHQ
KHL‰W 7ULQNVW HLQH 6FKDOH 7HH VLQQLHUVW ]ZHL 6WXQGHQ
WULQNVWQRFKHLQH6FKDOHVLQQLHUVWZLHGHU]ZHL6WXQGHQ³
(LQH :HLOH VFKZLHJHQ DOOH XQG PDQ YHUQDKP QXU GDV
7HHVFKOUIHQ XQG GDV .QLUVFKHQ GHU =XFNHUVWFNFKHQ
6FKOLH‰OLFKIUDJWH3HWXFKRZÄ8QGZHUVLQG6LH)UHXQG"³
Ä,FKELQ$U]W³VDJWH/MDFKRZ
(UQHXW6FKZHLJHQ'HU$OWHQDKPGLH%ULOOHDEGLHYRP
7HHGDPSI EHVFKODJHQ ZDU SXW]WH VLH PLW HLQHP =LSIHO
VHLQHU6HJHOWXFKMDFNHGLHHUEHUGHU:DWWHMDFNHWUXJXQG
VDJWH LPPHU QRFK OlFKHOQG Ä%HL XQV VLQG DOOH *RWW VHL
'DQNJHVXQG³
Ä:LUN|QQHQQLFKWNODJHQ³HUJlQ]WH3HWXFKRZÄ%HLXQV
KDW VLFK HLQ DXVJHVSURFKHQ JHVXQGHV 9|ONFKHQ ]XVDP
PHQJHIXQGHQ³
Ä1DZXQGHUEDU³VDJWH/MDFKRZ
'HUILQVWHUH7XUNPHQHPDFKWHVLFKZLHGHUGDUDQLQGHQ
3DSLHUHQ]X EOlWWHUQ 2IIHQVLFKWOLFK ZDU HU HLQ 9RUJHVHW]
WHUGHQQVRZRKO3HWXFKRZ DOV DXFK GHU $OWH EHKDQGHOWHQ
LKQHKUHUELHWLJXQGUHGHWHQLKQLQMHGHP6DW]PLW9RUXQG
9DWHUVQDPHQDQ±.DUDVFK$OLMHZLWVFK
6LHVSUDFKHQYRQHLQHP*HRGlWHQ6DZWVFKHQNRGHUDXI
GHP )HOG DXIJHKDOWHQ ZRUGHQ ZDU XQG RKQH GHQ VLFK
.DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFK LQ GHQ 8QWHUODJHQ VFKZHU ]XUHFKW
IDQG /MDFKRZ EHJULII GD‰ .DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFK DOV 5HYL
VRURGHUDOV6FKLHGVPDQQKLHUZDU
Ä:DQQ KlWWH 6DZWVFKHQNR ]XUFN VHLQ PVVHQ"³ IUDJWH
GHU7XUNPHQH
Ä+HXWHIUK³VDJWH3HWXFKRZÄ(UDUEHLWHWDQHLQHU HQW
IHUQWHQ4XHOOHDQGLHIQI]HKQ.LORPHWHUYRQKLHU³
Ä:DUXPKDEHQ6LHNHLQ$XWRKLQJHVFKLFNW"³
Ä8QP|JOLFK .DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFK³ VHXI]WH 3HWXFKRZ
Ä'HU6FKRULVWLP$XJHQEOLFNXQSDVVLHUEDU,FKKDEHNHLQ
5HFKW]XVROFKHP5LVLNR³
Ä:LUPVVHQDEZDUWHQ³VDJWHGHU$OWH
1DFKNXU]HP6FKZHLJHQ VDJWH 3HWXFKRZ OHLVH XQG YRU
VLFKWLJ Ä6LH PHLQHQ HU VHL HLQ IlKLJHU *HRGlW (LQYHU
VWDQGHQ6ROOHULQHLQHUDQGHUHQ*UXSSHDUEHLWHQ,FKKDEH
MDQLFKWVGDJHJHQ«³
Ä:LUKDEHQHVVDWW.DUDVFK$OLMHZLWVFK:LUKDEHQVHLQ
WDNWORVHV%HQHKPHQHQGJOWLJVDWW³VDJWHGHU$OWH ]RUQLJ
PLW HEHQIDOOV OHLVHU 6WLPPH Ä:LU YHUNUDIWHQ HV QLFKW
PHKU (U JHKW XQV DOOHQ DQ GLH (KUH ]LHKW XQV LQ GHQ
'UHFN ZlKUHQG HU VHOEVW 9HWWHUQZLUWVFKDIW EHWUHLEW XQG
VLFKQLFKWVVDJHQOl‰W«³
Ä:DVIU9HWWHUQZLUWVFKDIW"³
Ä1D HU KDW GRFK GLH 6DUNRZVNDMD XQVHUH *HRERWDQLNH
ULQ JHKHLUDWHW +DW VLFK VFKRQ LP +HUEVW LQ 1HELW'DJ
VWDQGHVDPWOLFKUHJLVWULHUHQODVVHQ³
.DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFK OlFKHOWH IOFKWLJ Ä'DV QHQQW PDQ
GRFK QLFKW 9HWWHUQZLUWVFKDIW EHWUHLEHQ VRQGHUQ HLQH )D
PLOLHJUQGHQ³
'LH 0HOLRUDWRUHQ XQWHUKLHOWHQ VLFK XQWHUHLQDQGHU RKQH
/MDFKRZ ]X EHDFKWHQ 'DQQ UFNWH GHU $OWH QlKHU ]X
/MDFKRZXQGWHLOWHLKPYHUWUDXHQVYROOPLWÄ%HLXQVLVWGD
HLQ VHKU XQDQJHQHKPHU 7\S DXIJHWDXFKW :LU EHVSUHFKHQ
GDV KLHU XQWHU )UHXQGHQ 6LH PVVHQ VFKRQ HQWVFKXOGL
JHQ³
/MDFKRZ QLFNWH Ä$EHU ELWWH VHKU 7XQ 6LH GDV QXU ,FK
OHJHPLFKVFKODIHQ³
(UYHUOLH‰GDV=HOWXPGHQ6FKODIVDFNXQGVHLQ'RNWRU
N|IIHUFKHQDXVGHP$XWR]XKROHQ'UDX‰HQZDUHVVWRFN
ILQVWHU HV JR‰ QDFK ZLH YRU $XV HLQHP ZHLWHU HQWIHUQW
VWHKHQGHQLQGHU'XQNHOKHLWQLFKWVLFKWEDUHQ=HOWGUDQJHQ
XQGHXWOLFK *HVSUlFKH KHUEHU XQG GDV 'XGHOQ HLQHU 7L
GXN HLQHU WXUNPHQLVFKHQ +LUWHQSIHLIH :DV IU HLQH (LQ
VDPNHLW JLQJ HV /MDFKRZ GXUFK GHQ 6LQQ ZLH HU VR LP
5HJHQ VWDQG XQG YRQ HLQHU SO|W]OLFKHQ XQHUNOlUOLFKHQ
(UUHJXQJ EHIDOOHQ XP VLFK EOLFNWH hEHU +XQGHUWH YRQ
:HUVWQLFKWVDOV6FKZHLJHQNHLQ/DXWULQJVXPDX‰HUGHP
5DXVFKHQ GHV 5HJHQV XQG GHP WUDXULJHQ *HGXGHO GHU
3IHLIH«
(U NHKUWH HLOLJ LQV =HOW ]XUFN EUHLWHWH GHQ 6FKODIVDFN
DXIGHQ=HOWERGHQ]RJGLHQDVVHQ6FKXKHDXVXQGNURFK
RKQH VLFK ]X HQWNOHLGHQ LQ VHLQ HQJHV 5HLVHEHWW :LH
LPPHUDXIVROFKHQ)DKUWHQOLWWHUXQWHUGHU8QEHTXHPOLFK
NHLW XQG 8QVDXEHUNHLW XQG XP GLHVHV *HIKO ORV]XZHU
GHQ EHPKWH HU VLFK UDVFK HLQ]XVFKODIHQ 'RFK GDV ZDU
QLFKW VR OHLFKW 'LH 0HOLRUDWRUHQ XQWHUKLHOWHQ VLFK HUUHJW
'DQQ EHWUDW HLQH ]LHUOLFKH MXQJH )UDX PLW ODQJHU 2ULHQWD
OLQQHQQDVHGDV =HOWXQGEHVFKLPSIWHKHIWLJ JHVWLNXOLHUHQG
3HWXFKRZ ZHLO HU GDV $XWR QLFKW ORVJHVFKLFNW KDWWH 3H
WXFKRZ UHFKWIHUWLJWH VLFK GHU $OWH ZDUI GHU )UDX LUJHQG
HWZDV YRU XQG .DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFK YHUVXFKWH DOOH ]X
EHVFKZLFKWLJHQ GRFK NHLQHU K|UWH DXI LKQ 'DQDFK YHU
VFKZDQGGLH)UDXZLHGHUXQGGLH0HOLRUDWRUHQVHW]WHQLKU
*HEUDEEHOIRUW
/MDFKRZK|UWHQLFKWKLQXQGKLQJVHLQHQ*HGDQNHQQDFK
(U GDFKWH GDUDQ GD‰ HU VHLW QXQPHKU IDVW HLQHP 0RQDW
NHLQHQ %ULHI PHKU YRQ 9HURQLND HUKDOWHQ KDWWH $FK HU
KlWWHVLHQLFKWPLWKLHUKHUQHKPHQVROOHQ'DVHUVWHPDOZDU
VLH DEJHUHLVW DOV GLH VRPPHUOLFKH +LW]H EHJDQQ GDV
]ZHLWHPDO LP :LQWHU DOV GLH 6FKQHHVWUPH HLQVHW]WHQ
VLFKGLH9HUVRUJXQJYHUVFKOHFKWHUWHXQGVLHLQGHPOLHEHQ
6WlGWFKHQYROOHQGVYRQ6FKZHUPXWEHIDOOHQZXUGH(VJDE
GRUW QXU GUHL $UWHQ GHU =HUVWUHXXQJ ± GLH 7HHVWXEH GDV
%DG XQG GHQ (LVHQEDKQNOXE 'DV GULWWHPDO ZDU VLH LP
+HUEVW JHIDKUHQ GLHVPDO DQVFKHLQHQG IU LPPHU 1XQ MD
EHL DQGHUHQ EUDXFKW HV GD]X HLQ -DKU]HKQW 'D KDWWH HU
QRFK*OFNGHQQMHIUKHUHVJHVFKDKGHVWRVFKPHU]ORVHU
ZDUHV(UKDWWHXQHUK|UWHV*OFN ZHQQPDQ HVQFKWHUQ
EHUGDFKWH
'RFK/MDFKRZNRQQWHVLFKQLFKW]XQFKWHUQHP'HQNHQ
]ZLQJHQ (U ZlO]WH VLFK YRQ HLQHU 6HLWH DXI GLH DQGHUH
VRZHLW LKP GDV GHU 6FKODIVDFN HUODXEWH GHU QDFK 'HVLQ
IHNWLRQ URFK GDQQ UDXFKWH HU ]XU %HUXKLJXQJ HLQ SDDU
=LJDUHWWHQXQGILHOLQOHLFKWHQ6FKOXPPHU
0LWWHQ LQ GHU 1DFKW ZXUGH HU YRQ ODXWHQ 6WLPPHQ JH
ZHFNW ,P =HOW ZDU HLQ 1HXHU DXIJHWDXFKW HLQH ULHVLJH
*HVWDOW LQ HLQHP YROXPLQ|VHQ :HWWHUPDQWHO XQG VFKPXW
]LJHQQDVVHQ6WLHIHOQ6HLQ*HVLFKWNRQQWH/MDFKRZQLFKW
VHKHQ 'HU 0DQQ VWDQG JHEHXJW VR GD‰ VHLQH 6WLPPH
GXPSIQDFKXQWHQYHUKDOOWH
'LH 0HOLRUDWRUHQ VSUDFKHQ DOOH JOHLFKW]HLWLJ XQG ZDUHQ
VFKZHU]XYHUVWHKHQ'LH6WLPPHGHU)UDXPLWGHUODQJHQ
2ULHQWDOLQQHQQDVH NODQJ GXUFKGULQJHQG XQG VFKDUI 6LH
KDNWH VLFK LQ GHQ bUPHO GHV YROXPLQ|VHQ :HWWHUPDQWHOV
XQG ]HUUWH LKQ LQ 5LFKWXQJ $XVJDQJ 'RFK GHU 0DQWHO
PDFKWHVLFKORVXQGDXVVHLQHU7LHIHGU|KQWHHVÄ,FKKDEH
NHLQH$QJVWYRUGHU:VWH0LFKZLUIWDXFKNHLQH.UDQN
KHLWXP³
Ä*HKHQ 6LH VFKODIHQ UXKHQ 6LH VLFK DXV *HQRVVH
6DZWVFKHQNR³VDJWH.DUDVFK$OLMHZLWVFK
Ä,FK NDQQ EOR‰ =LHVHOPlXVH XQG 6FKODQJHQ]XFKW QLFKW
DXVVWHKHQ«³
Ä:HUGHQ6LHPDONRQNUHW³VFKULHGHU$OWHDXVGHU(FNH
Ä0RUJHQ:DVVMD,FKELWWHGLFK³IOHKWHGLH)UDXLKQDQ
Ä=ZDQ]LJ .LORPHWHU ELVW GX PDUVFKLHUW GX ELVW MD YRQ
6LQQHQ³
Ä:DV ZROOHQ GLHVH =LHVHOPlXVH"³ GU|KQWH GHU :HWWHU
PDQWHO Ä'D‰ LFK ]X HLQHU DQGHUHQ *UXSSH JHKH RGHU
EHUKDXSWGLH([SHGLWLRQYHUODVVHRGHUVLHZROOHQPLUDXI
DQGHUH:HLVHGHQ0XQGVWRSIHQ:HLOLFKVLHGXUFKVFKDXW
KDEH XQG DOOH LKUH 0DFKHQVFKDIWHQ NHQQH ,FK ZHUGH VLH
VFKRQEHUIKUHQ«³
6DZWVFKHQNRV6WLPPHNODQJVFKZHUXQGGXPSIZLHHLQ
7DPEXULQ XQG /MDFKRZ VWHOOWH VLFK YRU GD‰ ]X VROFK
HLQHP 0HQVFKHQ HLQ PUULVFKHV JUDXHV *HVLFKW PLW VWHL
QHUQHQ %DFNHQNQRFKHQ JHK|UHQ PVVH $OV VLFK 6DZW
VFKHQNR MHGRFK XPZDQGWH HUEOLFNWH /MDFKRZ GDV JDQ]
XQGJDUQLFKWE|VH*HVLFKWHLQHVMXQJHQ%XUVFKHQPLWVHKU
KHOOHQ GUHLVWHQ $XJHQ XQG HLQHP ZHLFKHQ MXQJHQKDIWHQ
0XQG
'HU$OWHPLWGHU6WDKOEULOOHIKUWHVLFKOlFKHUOLFKDXI(U
]HLJWHJU|‰WH1HUYRVLWlW±EDOGHUKREHUVLFKYRQGHU)LO]
PDWWH EDOG NQLHWH HU VLFK KLQ EDOG VHW]WH HU VLFK ZLHGHU
'DEHL VFKWWHOWH HU XQDEOlVVLJ HPS|UW GHQ .RSI VHXI]WH
XQG lFK]WH KDOEODXW Ä2L HLQ )OHJHO RL HLQ )OHJHO «³
3HWXFKRZVD‰XQEHZHJOLFKGDGLH +lQGHLQ GHQ 7DVFKHQ
VHLQHU ZDWWLHUWHQ +RVHQ XQG EHREDFKWHWH 6DZWVFKHQNR
VWLUQUXQ]HOQG'LHVHUEHNDP SO|W]OLFK HLQHQ ODQJHQ KHIWL
JHQ +XVWHQDQIDOO $OV HU YHUVWXPPWH WUDW HLQH 3DXVH HLQ
/MDFKRZ]QGHWHHLQ6WUHLFKKRO]DQXQGUDXFKWH
Ä0HLQ *RWW :DV VLQG 6LH GRFK IU HLQ *URELDQ³ VDJWH
GHU $OWH IOVWHUQG Ä6LH VHKHQ GD‰ KLHU HLQ IUHPGHU
0HQVFK UXKHQ ZLOO XQG PDFKHQ HLQHQ .UDZDOO XQHUK|UW
«³
Ä,FKVDJHGLH:DKUKHLWEUDXFKHPLFKQLFKW]XJHQLHUHQ³
VDJWH 6DZWVFKHQNR KHLVHU Ä'LH /HXWH JHEHQ LKU /HW]WHV
VFKLQGHQVLFKZLHGLH7HXIHOGRFKZDVMXFNWGDVVFKRQGLH
=LHVHOPlXVH 'LH QDJHQ EOR‰ DQ LKUHQ 5XEHOQ ,Q GHU
:VWHUROOWGHU5XEHO±ZHJHQGHU(QWIHUQXQJZHJHQGHV
.OLPDVGHU$UEHLWLP)UHLHQ³
Ä6LHZHUGHQVLFKIU,KUH:RUWH]XYHUDQWZRUWHQKDEHQ³
VDJWH3HWXFKRZKDVWLJXQGPDFKWHHLQHEHVFKZLFKWLJHQGH
*HVWH Ä'LH /HXWH ZHUGHQ GDV NODUVWHOOHQ $OOH ,KUH IUDS
SLHUHQGHQ (LJHQVFKDIWHQ VLQG RIIHQNXQGLJ 5RZG\WXP
6DXIHUHLXQG,KUHUHL]HQGH)DPLOLHQZLUWVFKDIW«³
Ä0HLQH)UDXKDOWHQ6LHGDUDXV³HQWJHJQHWH6DZWVFKHQ
NROHLVHÄ7DWMDQDKDW,KQHQQRFKNHLQE|VHV:RUWJHVDJW
6LH KDW GDPLW QLFKWV ]X WXQ DOVR ODVVHQ 6LH VLH LQ 5XKH
NODU"³
Ä7URW]GHP KDEHQ 6LH NHLQ 5HFKW 9RQ GLHVHU )DPLOLHQ
ZLUWVFKDIW UKUHQ DOOH 6WUHLWLJNHLWHQ KHU MDZRKO³ SODS
SHUWHGHU$OWHHUUHJWÄ:HQQVLHDXFKNHLQ:|UWFKHQVDJW
VR LVW VLH GRFK LPPHU DXIVHKHQ GHV 0DQQHV 8QG EHLP
0DQQLVWHVGDVJOHLFKH6LHIDKUHQ]XP%HLVSLHOQLFKWPLW
PLU]XVDPPHQLQV*HOlQGHXPPLFK]XNUlQNHQXQG6LH
HQWKDOWHQPLU,KUH0H‰SOlQHYRUZlKUHQGVLHVLHMHGHU]HLW
VHKHQ NDQQ ELWWH VHKU :LH VROO PDQ GDV GHQQ QHQQHQ"³
'DV *HVSUlFK ]RJ VLFK LQ GLH /lQJH XQG QDKP MHQHQ
VLQQORVHQ XQG ZHKOHLGLJHQ =XJ DQ GHU EHLP =XVDPPHQ
SUDOO ]ZHLHU DOWHU YHUKlUWHWHU XQYHUV|KQOLFKHU *HJQHU
DXINRPPW /MDFKRZ EHREDFKWHWH .DUDVFK $OLMHZLWVFKV
$XJHQEUDXHQ 0DO JOLWWHQ VLH KRFK DXI GLH 6WLUQ PDO
VHQNWHQ VLH VLFK ODQJVDP GDQQ ZLHGHU HU]LWWHUWHQ VLH ZLH
LQ3DQLN'DVZDUDPVDQW
6FKOLH‰OLFKJLQJGLH)UDXXQG6DZWVFKHQNRIROJWHLKU
'LH =XUFNJHEOLHEHQHQ VHW]WHQ GDV *HVSUlFK JHGlPSIW
IRUW 3HWXFKRZ KROWH HLQH )ODVFKH :RGND KHUYRU XQG
VFKHQNWH LQ GLHVHOEHQ 6FKlOFKHQ HLQ DXV GHQHQ VLH 7HH
JHWUXQNHQKDWWHQ
Ä0HLQ*RWWPDQPX‰VLFKYRUGHQ)UHPGHQZHJHQGLH
VHV0RKUHQULFKWLJVFKlPHQ³VDJWHGHU$OWHYHUQHKPOLFK
GDPLW /MDFKRZ LKQ K|UHQ NRQQWH XQG VFKQDO]WH PLW GHU
=XQJH
/MDFKRZ GUHKWH VLFK ]XU :DQG 'HU 6FKODI EHUPDQQWH
LKQ6HOWVDPH/HXWHGDFKWHHUQRFKLP+DOEVFKODI5XQG
XP :VWH )LQVWHUQLV +XQGHUWH YRQ :HUVW NHLQH 0HQ
VFKHQVHHOH VLH DEHU EHVFKLPSIHQ HLQDQGHU VSLQQHQ ,QWUL
JHQ ZLH LQ HLQHU .RPPXQDOZRKQXQJ :DUXP QXU" 'LH
0HQVFKHQ GUIHQ QLFKW JHWUHQQW YRQHLQDQGHU OHEHQ
6FKUHFNOLFKZHQQPDQNHLQH%ULHIHEHNRPPW6RNDQQHV
PLWHLQHP*RWWZHL‰ZLHZHLWNRPPHQ«

$OV /MDFKRZ PRUJHQV HUZDFKWH KDWWH HV DXIJHK|UW ]X


UHJQHQhEHUGHQ:DQGHUGQHQVWDQG ZDUPHU 1HEHO 'HU
+LPPHO ZDU QDFK ZLH YRU EHZ|ONW RKQH 6RQQH GRFK
VSUWH PDQ KLQWHU GHP JOHLFKPl‰LJHQ GDPSIZHL‰HQ :RO
NHQYRUKDQJ GLH XQVLFKWEDUH %OlXH 0LWMD PHLQWH JHJHQ
0LWWDJ ZUGH HV DXINODUHQ XQG KHL‰ ZHUGHQ 'XUFK GLH
:HWWHUEHVVHUXQJ HUPXQWHUW ZROOWH /MDFKRZ VRIRUW QDFK
GHP )UKVWFN DXIEUHFKHQ GRFK 3HWXFKRZ GlPSIWH VHL
QHQ(XHUÄ,FKUDWHQRFKHLQHQ7DJEHLXQV]XEOHLEHQELV
HV WURFNHQHU LVW 6LH VLW]HQ VRQVW LP 8VERL IHVW XQG ZHU
]LHKW6LHGDQQKHUDXV"³
Ä1HLQLFKNDQQQLFKW,FKYHUVSlWHPLFKRKQHKLQ³VDJWH
/MDFKRZ ]|JHUQG Ä8QVHU )DKUHU NHQQW GHQ 8PJHKXQJV
ZHJQLFKWZDKU0LWMD"³
Ä:LUILQGHQXQVVFKRQ]XUHFKW%RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK:LU
ODQGHQVLFKHUZLHGLH:LOGHQWHQ,QGLHVHP6RPPHUKDEH
LFK 3URIHVVRU 5HGNLQ JHIDKUHQ ,VW EOR‰ IROJHQGHV³ 0LWMD
VHQNWHGLH6WLPPHXQGZDQGWHVLFK/MDFKRZ]XREJOHLFK
VHLQH)UDJHDQ3HWXFKRZJHULFKWHWZDUGHUGDQHEHQVWDQG
ÄZLUEUDXFKWHQQRFKDQGLHGUHL‰LJ/LWHUFKHQ%HQ]LQGDQQ
N|QQWHPDQHVLQ$OODKV1DPHQDXIGHP8PJHKXQJVZHJ
YHUVXFKHQ³

Ä/HLKHQ 6LH XQV GLH *HQRVVH 3HWXFKRZ"³ IUDJWH


/MDFKRZVWUHQJ
Ä:UGH LFK JHUQH³ 3HWXFKRZ EUHLWHWH GLH $UPH DXV
Ä$EHU LFK VLW]H VHOEHU DXI GHP WURFNHQHQ ,FK KDEH HV MD
JHVDJW1DFK.P‰WHPDQZHJHQ%HQ]LQ0LW9HUJQJHQ
ZUGHLFK«³
Ä,FK VWHOOH ,KQHQ HLQH 4XLWWXQJ DXV 6LH EHNRPPHQ HV
MHGHU]HLW DXI XQVHUHP 6WW]SXQNW ZLHGHU 1D" 'UHL‰LJ
/LWHU VLQG GRFK HLQH .OHLQLJNHLW³ IXKU /MDFKRZ XQEHLUUW
IRUW Ä'HQNHQ 6LH GUDQ ZLU VLQG LQ GHU :VWH *HQRVVH
3HWXFKRZ³
Ä0HLQHQ6LHLFKYHUVWHKHGDVQLFKW",VWGRFKNODU«³
3HWXFKRZYHU]RJGDV*HVLFKWZLHYRUHWZDV6DXUHPXQG
NUDW]WH VLFK DQJHVWUHQJW GHQ 1DFNHQ =X HLQHP DQGHUHQ
=HLWSXQNW KlWWH HU GLH %LWWH RKQH =|JHUQ DEJHVFKODJHQ
]XPDO HV PLW %HQ]LQ WDWVlFKOLFK VFKOHFKW EHVWHOOW ZDU EHL
LKP 'RFK MHW]W VFKZDQNWH HU GD HU YRU GHP 'RNWRU GHU
GDV SHLQOLFKH QlFKWOLFKH *HVSUlFK PLW DQJHK|UW KDWWH
QLFKW DOV HLQ 6FKXIW XQG *HL]KDOV GDVWHKHQ ZROOWH 'HQ
QRFKWDWHUHLQHQHQWVFKORVVHQHQ6HXI]HUXQGVDJWHÄ1HLQ
)UHXQG 1LFKW HLQPDO IQI /LWHU JHEH LFK ,KQHQ ,FK KDEH
QLFKWGDV5HFKW6WHOOHQ6LHVLFKYRUHVUHJQHWKHXWHZLH
GHU ± GDQQ LVW DXFK PRUJHQ GHU 6FKRU XQSDVVLHUEDU $EHU
%HQ]LQ YHUEUDXFKH LFK WURW]GHP GD LFK GLH /HXWH WlJOLFK
KLQDXVVFKLFNH :DV VROO LFK LKQHQ VDJHQ ZHQQ EHUPRU
JHQNHLQ%HQ]LQXQGNHLQ%URWPHKUGDLVW"³
Ä)DKUHQ6LHELV.XUW\VFKGRUWVLQGGLH*HRSK\VLNHUVWD
WLRQLHUW 'D N|QQHQ 6LH %HQ]LQ DXIIOOHQ³ ULHW .DUDVFK
$OLMHZLWVFKÄ'DVLVWKXQGHUW.LORPHWHUYRQKLHU³
Ä,FKKDEHNHLQH=HLWGXUFKGLH:VWH]XIDKUHQXQGXP
$OPRVHQ ]X EHWWHOQ³ VDJWH /MDFKRZ ]RUQLJ Ä6FK|Q ZLU
ZHUGHQ VFKRQ ]XUHFKWNRPPHQ $EHU 6LH *HQRVVH 3H
WXFKRZYHUKDOWHQVLFKQLFKWZLHHLQHFKWHU.DUDNXPHU³
Ä(UODXEHQ 6LH ,FK KDEH GRFK HUNOlUW *HQRVVH «³
PXUPHOWH 3HWXFKRZ XQG VHLQH DEVWHKHQGHQ 2KUHQ OLHIHQ
URWDQÄ+HU]OLFK JHUQ ZUGH LFK « ,FK KDEH NHLQ 5HFKW
HLQIDFKNHLQ5HFKWGD]X,FKVFKODJH,KQHQYRU]XEOHLEHQ
XQGPHLQH*lVWH]XVHLQ³
Ä1HLQ³ VFKQLWW /MDFKRZ GDV *HVSUlFK DE Ä:LU IDKUHQ
'DQNHIUGLH8QWHUNXQIWXQGDOOHV*XWH³
'DPLWZDQGWHHUVLFKHQWVFKORVVHQGHP$XWR]X
3HWXFKRZV/HXWHPDFKWHQVLFKHEHQIDOOVIUGLH$XVIDKUW
LQV *HOlQGH IHUWLJ -XQJH WXUNPHQLVFKH $UEHLWHU LQ XQL
IRUPHQ 6WHSSMDFNHQ YRQ GHU )DUEH GHV 6DXHUDPSIHUV
OXGHQHLQ6WDWLYHLQHQ.DVWHQPLW:LQNHOPH‰JHUlWHLQHQ
PLW /DSSHQ XPZLFNHOWHQ +DQGERKUHU XQG HLQHQ .RUE
3URYLDQW DXI GLH /DGHIOlFKH GHV /DVWHUV XQG VWLHJHQ GDQQ
VHOEVWDXI,KQHQIROJWHQGHU$OWHPLWGHU6WDKOEULOOH]ZHL
)UDXHQHLQMXQJHUGXQNHOKlXWLJHU%XUVFKHPLW6SRUWMDFNH
XQG DOV OHW]WHU 6DZWVFKHQNR ± RKQH 0W]H ]HU]DXVW
EOHLFKDEHUOlFKHOQG
/MDFKRZVFKULWW]XVHLQHPÄ%|FNFKHQ³'HU6WXGHQWVD‰
EHUHLWV DXI VHLQHP 3ODW] NDXWH HWZDV XQG ERW /MDFKRZ
=ZLHEDFNDQ
Ä'DQNHWURFNHQHVVHLFKQLFKW³PXUPHOWH/MDFKRZILQ
VWHU(UVWHOOWHIHVWGD‰GHU6WXGHQWGDV+HPGJHZHFKVHOW
XQG VLFK UDVLHUW KDWWH ZDV LKP DXV LUJHQGHLQHP *UXQG
PL‰ILHO
Ä:LH KDEHQ 6LH JHVFKODIHQ"³ IUDJWH HU YRUQ 3ODW] QHK
PHQGGHQ5FNHQGHP6WXGHQWHQ]XJHZDQGW
Ä'DQNHLFKVFKODIHXQWHUZHJVLPPHUJXW'DVLVWVR]X
VDJHQHLQHJOFNOLFKH(LJHQVFKDIWPHLQHV2UJDQLVPXV³
Ä:LH KDVW GX JHVFKODIHQ 0LWMD"³ IUDJWH /MDFKRZ LP
JOHLFKHQ 7RQIDOO DOV ZROOH HU XQWHUVWUHLFKHQ GD‰ VHLQH
)UDJHHLJHQWOLFKHLQHPDQGHUHQJDOW
Ä1RUPDO%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK³
Ä:DVPDFKWGLH.|FKLQ"³
0LWMDUlXVSHUWHVLFKVHOEVW]XIULHGHQÄ$OOHVNODU³
/MDFKRZZX‰WHGD‰0LWMDHLQJUR‰HU$XIVFKQHLGHUZDU
XQG EHJULII GD‰ VLFK QLFKWV DEJHVSLHOW KDWWH VRQVW KlWWH
0LWMD VLFK QLFKW PLW ]ZHL :RUWHQ EHJQJW VRQGHUQ HLQH
QHEXO|VHYLHOVDJHQGH(U]lKOXQJORVJHODVVHQGLHIU]HKQ
.LORPHWHU )DKUW JHUHLFKW KlWWH /MDFKRZ ZROOWH GHQ 7DJ
QLFKW GDPLW EHJLQQHQ 0LWMD GHU /JH ]X EHUIKUHQ XQG
EHUKDXSWZDUHU]XGLHVHUIUKHQ6WXQGHQLFKW]X*HVSUl
FKHQDXIJHOHJWÄ,FKKDEHQLFKWEHVRQGHUVJXWJHVFKODIHQ³
VDJH HU JlKQHQG Ä%HL PLU KDEHQ VLH ZHL‰ GHU 7HXIHO
ZDUXPGLHJDQ]H1DFKWKHUXPJHVFKULHQ³
'DV $XWR VHW]WH VLFK LQ %HZHJXQJ 9RU LKQHQ IXKU GHU
3HWXFKRZVFKH /.: GHQ DXVJHIDKUHQHQ :HJ HQWODQJ
GDQQ VFKZHQNWH HU UHFKWV DE XQG NURFK ODQJVDP XQG
VFKZDQNHQGEHUGLH6DQGGQHQ'LH/HXWHDXIGHU/DGH
IOlFKHVD‰HQLQHLQHU5HLKH-HGHVPDOZHQQVLFKGHU/.:
VHLWZlUWVQHLJWHYROOIKUWHQVLHGLH6FKZDQNXQJPLW9RQ
IHUQZLUNWHQVLHZLHHLQHHLQPWLJH*HVHOOVFKDIW'HU$OWH
PLWGHU0HWDOOEULOOHQLFNWHGLHJDQ]H=HLWGHP'RNWRU]X
DOV YHUDEVFKLHGH HU VLFK YRQ HLQHP DOWHQ %HNDQQWHQ XQG
ZLQNWH PLW GHU EHKDQGVFKXKWHQ +DQG %DOG GDUDXI ZDUHQ
GHU /.: XQG GLH .DWHQ DP %UXQQHQ GHP %OLFNIHOG HQW
VFKZXQGHQ
$OOPlKOLFK ZXUGH HV KHOOHU 1DFK GHP 5HJHQ IXKU HV
VLFK OHLFKW GLH IHXFKWH 5DGVSXU ZDU HODVWLVFK XQG 0LWMD
JDE LPPHU PHKU *DV 'HU 6WXGHQW EHHQGHWH VHLQH =ZLH
EDFNPDKO]HLW /MDFKRZ K|UWH ZLH HU VLFK VRUJIlOWLJ GHQ
0XQG PLW 3DSLHU ZLVFKWH HV GDQQ ]XVDPPHQNQOOWH XQG
KLQDXVZDUI
Ä6R³ GHU 6WXGHQW VHXI]WH Ä,QWHUHVVDQW ]X HUIDKUHQ
ZHVZHJHQVLHLQ,KUHP=HOWJHVFKULHQKDEHQ³
/MDFKRZ DQWZRUWHWH QLFKW VRIRUW Ä,FK ZHL‰ QLFKW +DW
PLFKZHQLJLQWHUHVVLHUW³
Ä6LHKDEHQVLFKKLHUEHUKDXSWJHZDOWLJLQGHQ+DDUHQ³
VDJWH 0LWMD Ä(LQ ODXQLVFKHV 9|ONFKHQ GD PHXWHUW HLQHU
JHJHQGHQDQGHUHQ³
Ä2KQH GDV ZlUH HV ODQJZHLOLJ ,VW LPPHUKLQ HLQH $E
ZHFKVOXQJ VLFK PDO ]X VWUHLWHQ ]X UDXIHQ HLQH %H
VFKZHUGHJHJHQMHPDQGHQDXI]XVHW]HQ6WLPPWåV0LWMD"³
PHLQWH/MDFKRZVS|WWLVFK
0LWMD ]XFNWH GLH $FKVHOQ Ä:DV ZHL‰ LFK « ,FK KDEH
GDPLWQLFKWV]XWXQ%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK³
1DFK HLQHU 3DXVH VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW XQHUZDUWHW HUQVW
Ä6HOWVDP 'DV $ XQG 2 NRPSOH[HU )RUVFKXQJVJUXSSHQ
ZLH GLHVHU LVW GRFK GLH JHPHLQVDPH $NWLRQ 'HU *HRGlW
GHU %RGHQNXQGOHU GHU *HRERWDQLNHU GHU 0HOLRUDWLRQV
IDFKPDQQ±DOOHP‰WHQVLH+DQGLQ+DQGDUEHLWHQ:HQQ
DEHU GHU %RGHQNXQGOHU GHP *HRERWDQLNHU JUROOW GHU
*HRGlWGHP%RGHQNXQGOHUVHLQH0H‰SOlQHQLFKW]HLJWXQG
MHGHU IU VLFK DUEHLWHW ZDV NRPPW GDQQ GDEHL KHUDXV"
,UJHQGZHOFKHU8QVLQQ³
Ä,KU/HLWHUGLHVHU3HWXFKRZKDWHVIDXVWGLFNKLQWHUGHQ
2KUHQ (LQ JDQ] GXUFKWULHEHQHU .HUO³ VDJWH 0LWMD Ä:H
JHQLKPJHKWGLHVHUJDQ]H6WUHLW³
Ä:RKHU ZLOOVW GX GHQQ GDV ZLVVHQ 0LWMD"³ IUDJWH
/MDFKRZ
Ä,FKZHL‰HVHEHQ%HLLKPKDWHLQ)DKUHUQDPHQV.XO
PDPHGJHDUEHLWHW,P+HUEVWKDWHULKQHQWODVVHQ.XOPD
PHGLVWPHLQ/DQGVPDQQHUVWDPPWDXFKDXV%DFKDUGHQ
(UKDWPLUHU]lKOWZLHHVGD]XNDP6LHZDUHQGDPDOVEHL
.XP'DJVWDWLRQLHUW'DVLVWHLQHEHOHEWH*HJHQGQLFKWVR
HLQH(LQ|GHZLHKLHU(VJLEWGRUW%RKUWUPHHLQH0HQJH
(UG|ODUEHLWHU HLQH &KDXVVHH QDFK 1HELW'DJ .XOPDPHG
IXKUKlXILJQDFK1HELW'DJ'DEHLKDWHUQDWUOLFKDEXQG
]X $UEHLWHU 7XUNPHQHQ XQG VRQVWZHQ PLW ]XP 0DUNW
JHQRPPHQ .XU] ± 1HEHQHLQQDKPHQ 'D KDW 3HWXFKRZ
LKQXQWHU'UXFNJHVHW]W(UJLQJLKPGLUHNWDQGLH.HKOH³
0LWMD ID‰WH VLFK GHU EHVVHUHQ $QVFKDXOLFKNHLW KDOEHU PLW
]ZHL)LQJHUQDQGHQ$GDPVDSIHOÄ1DFKMHGHU)DKUWJLEVW
GXPLUHLQHQ3ROWLQQLN³
Ä:LHVRHLQHQ3ROWLQQLN"³IUDJWHGHU6WXGHQWYHUZXQGHUW
Ä)QI]LJ5XEHOPLWHLQHP:RUW.XOPDPHGKDWVLHLKP
DQIDQJV DXFK JHJHEHQ GDQQ QLFKW PHKU =XPDO GDEHL
QLFKWV PHKU IU LKQ KHUDXVVSUDQJ ± HLQ YLHUWHO +XQGHUWHU
SUR7DJK|FKVWHQV:HQLQWHUHVVLHUWGDVVFKRQ-DXQGGD
KDWHULKQHQWODVVHQ)LQJDQDQLKPKHUXP]XNULWWHOQXQG
KDW LKQ HQWODVVHQ 1DWUOLFK KDW HU LKQ DXFK JHIUFKWHW
ZHLOHUDOOHVYRQLKPZX‰WH³
/MDFKRZ lIIWH 0LWMD VFKPXQ]HOQG QDFK Ä'D KDW HU LKQ
GDKDWHULKQ«%LVWHLQ0HLVWHULP(U]lKOHQ0LWMD³
Ä1HLQ ZLUNOLFK %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK HU LVW HLQ JDQ]
GXUFKWULHEHQHU%XUVFKH%HLLKPKlOWHVNHLQ)DKUHUODQJH
DXV-HW]WKDWHUZLHGHUHLQHQQHXHQKDEHLFKJHVHKHQ³
Ä'DVEHJUHLIHGHU7HXIHO³lX‰HUWHVLFKGHU6WXGHQWHP
S|UWXQGHVZDU]XK|UHQ ZLHHUDXIVHLQHP6LW]XPKHU
UXWVFKWHÄ:DUXPKDWGHQQ,KU.XOPDPHGGDVQLFKWDQGHU
HQWVSUHFKHQGHQ 6WHOOH JHPHOGHW" 6R HLQ *DXQHU JHK|UW
GRFKLQV.LWWFKHQ³
Ä,VW GRFK NODU ZDUXP HUåV QLFKW JHPHOGHW KDW³ VDJWH
/MDFKRZ
Ä8QG DX‰HUGHP ZHLVH LKP GDV HUVW PDO QDFK³ IXJWH
0LWMD KLQ]X XQG YROOIKUWH PLW ]XVDPPHQJHNQLIIHQHQ
/LSSHQHLQHSILIILJH+DOVEHZHJXQJ
'RFKGHU6WXGHQWOLH‰QLFKWORFNHUÄ1HLQ )UHXQGH GDV
LVW GRFK HLQH (U]OXPSHUHL³ HUHLIHUWH HU VLFK Ä(LQH ZLV
VHQVFKDIWOLFKH $UEHLW ZLUG YRQ HLQHP GDKHUJHODXIHQHQ
XQJHELOGHWHQ 7\S JHOHLWHW GHU QRFK GD]X HLQ *DXQHU LVW
,FKKDEHKLHUHLQH%HNDQQWHYRQGHU8QLYHUVLWlWJHWURIIHQ
7DWMDQD 6DUNRZVNDMD MHW]W YHUKHLUDWHWH 6DZWVFKHQNR 6LH
ZLOO LKUHQ 0DQQ EHUUHGHQ LQ HLQH DQGHUH )RUVFKXQJV
JUXSSHEHU]XZHFKVHOQGDHLQHHUQVWKDIWH$UEHLWXQP|J
OLFKLVW3HWXFKRZKDWVLFKSDVVHQGH*HVHOOVFKDIWJHVXFKW
GHQDOWHQ%RGHQNXQGOHU±HLQDEVROXWHU/DLH«³
Ä$FK LVW GHU OlFKHUOLFK GHU $OWH³ VDJWH 0LWMD DXIOD
FKHQG Ä'HU VROOWH EHVVHU DOV /DJHUYHUZDOWHU RGHU VWLOO LQ
HLQHP%UR DUEHLWHQVWDWWGHVVHQWUHLEWHVLKQLQGLH:
VWH(ULVWJLHULJGHU7HXIHO,FKIUDJHLKQ,VWHVLQ,KUHP
$OWHUQLFKWEHVFKZHUOLFK6DQGN|UQFKHQ]XPHVVHQ"å ±(V
JHKW KDEH PLFK GDUDQ JHZ|KQW 1XU HLQHV LVW VFKOHFKWå
VDJWH HU GHU 0DQJHO DQ ZHLEOLFKHP *HVFKOHFKWå =X
NRPLVFK³
'HU 6WXGHQW XQG 0LWMD ]RJHQ DEZHFKVHOQG EHU 3H
WXFKRZXQGGHQ$OWHQKHUXQG/MDFKRZVWLPPWHLKQHQLP
VWLOOHQ]X(VZDULKPQXUXQDQJHQHKP GD‰ HU 3HWXFKRZ
QLFKW VR UDVFK GXUFKVFKDXW KDWWH ZLH VLH GD‰ HU QXQ ]XP
=XK|UHQYHUXUWHLOWZDUXQGGHQ(LQGUXFNHLQHVVFKOHFKWHQ
0HQVFKHQNHQQHUV HUZHFNWH 'DKHU VDJWH HU HLQH 3DXVH
EHQXW]HQG EHWRQW OlVVLJ Ä'DV LVW QLFKW VFK|Q YRQ HXFK
)UHXQGH (U KDW HXFK 2EGDFK JHZlKUW XQG LKU ]LHKW VR
EHULKQKHU'DVLVWQLFKWGLHIHLQH$UWZUGHLFKVDJHQ³
Ä1LFKW HU KDW PLU 2EGDFK JHZlKUW³ HUZLGHUWH GHU 6WX
GHQW KHIWLJ Ä,FK KDEH EHL GHQ 3UDNWLNDQWHQ EHUQDFKWHW
8QGKHXWHPRUJHQKDEHLFK3HWXFKRZLQV*HVLFKWJHVDJW
,FK ELQ HPS|UW EHU ,KU XQPHQVFKOLFKHV 9RUJHKHQ JHJHQ
6DZWVFKHQNRå (UKDWGRFKDEVLFKWOLFKNHLQ$XWRQDFKLKP
JHVFKLFNW GDPLW 6DZWVFKHQNR QLFKW PLW GLHVHP 7XUNPH
QHQDXVGHP6WDE]XVDPPHQWULIIW³
Ä*ODXEHQ 6LH GHQQ GD‰ 6LH LKP GDPLW $QJVW JHPDFKW
KDEHQ"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZLURQLVFK
Ä,FKZROOWHLKPNHLQH$QJVWPDFKHQVRQGHUQKDEHLKP
JHVDJWZDVLFKGHQNH³
Ä8QGZDVKDWGDVIUHLQHQ6LQQ"bQGHUWVLFKGDYRQHW
ZDV"³
.XU]HV6FKZHLJHQWUDWHLQ'HU6WXGHQWVFKLHQYHUZLUUW
XQG DOV HU ]X VSUHFKHQ DQILQJ NODQJ VHLQH 6WLPPH JH
GlPSIW XQG YHUV|KQOLFK Ä:LU NlPSIHQ GRFK QLFKW QXU
JHJHQ GLH :VWH VRQGHUQ DXFK JHJHQ /HXWH ZLH 3H
WXFKRZ JHJHQ .DUULHULVWHQ 5DIIHU GLH KLHUKHUJHIDKUHQ
VLQGXPOHLFKW]X*HOG]XNRPPHQ'DVLVWYLHOVFKZLHUL
JHU 8QG LFK WDXJH P|JOLFKHUZHLVH QLFKW IU GLHVHQ
.DPSI $EHU 6DZWVFKHQNR HLJQHW VLFK GDIU 8QG IUKHU
RGHU VSlWHU VFKPHL‰W HU GLHVHQ *DXQHU KHUDXV ZLH HLQHQ
IDXOHQ%DXPVWXPSI6LHZHUGHQVHKHQ³
/MDFKRZNDPHQ6DZWVFKHQNRVIXUFKWORVHKHOOH$XJHQLQ
GHQ6LQQVHLQKDUWQlFNLJGU|KQHQGHU%D‰XQGGHUIHXFKWH
HUGLJH 5HJHQJHUXFK GHU YRQ VHLQHP :HWWHUPDQWHO XQG
GHQ 6WLHIHOQ DXVJLQJ (U ZROOWH ZLGHUVSUHFKHQ GRFK VHLQ
*HIKOVDJWHLKPGD‰GHU6WXGHQWUHFKWKDWWHZlKUHQGHU
VHOEVWHLQREHUIOlFKOLFKHUJOHLFKJOWLJHU%HREDFKWHUJHZH
VHQZDU6RVFKZLHJHUGD]XXQGVHLQH*HGDQNHQVFKZHLI
WHQ]XP&DPSDE(UGDFKWHDQGDVZDVLKQLPPHGL]LQL
VFKHQ 6WW]SXQNW HUZDUWHWH XQG YHUILHO GDEHL ZLH JH
Z|KQOLFKLQHLQHQ=XVWDQGXQUXKLJHU%HVRUJQLV(UVDKDXI
GLH8KUXQGWULHE0LWMD]XU(LOHDQ± JHJHQ$EHQGPX‰WHQ
VLHLQ-DVFKDQVHLQ
3O|W]OLFKVDJWH0LWMDÄ,FKKDEHPLUWURW]GHPHLQHQ.D
QLVWHUXQWHUGHQ1DJHOJHULVVHQDQGLH]HKQ/LWHU³
Ä:LHGHQQGDV"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZ
Ä1D LFK KDEH PLW GHP )DKUHU YRQ .XPSHO ]X .XPSHO
JHVSURFKHQ ZlKUHQG 6LH 3HWXFKRZ ,KUH 0RUDOSUHGLJW
KLHOWHQ:DUHLQJXWHU.HUOQLFKWVRHLQ*HL]KDOVZLHGHU
/HLWHU³
Ä1LFKW VFKOHFKW 0LWMD³ VlJWH /MDFKRZ QDFK NXU]HP
6FKZHLJHQÄ$EHULFKJODXEH3HWXFKRZLVWGXUFKDXVNHLQ
*HL]KDOV (U PDJ DQGHUH )HKOHU KDEHQ DEHU HLQ *HL]KDOV
LVWHUQLFKW=XHLQHPDQGHUHQ=HLWSXQNWKlWWHHUPLUDXFK
KXQGHUW/LWHUDEJHJHEHQGDYRQELQLFKEHU]HXJW³
(U EHWRQWH GHQ OHW]WHQ 6DW] DEVLFKWOLFK XP 0LWMD XQG
KDXSWVlFKOLFK GHP KLQWHQ VLW]HQGHQ 6WXGHQWHQ ]X YHUVWH
KHQ ]X JHEHQ GD‰ PDQ EHU 0HQVFKHQ QLFKW YRUVFKQHOO
JUREXQGHLQVHLWLJXUWHLOHQVROOHXQGGD‰HU/MDFKRZWURW]
DOOHP GHU EHVVHUH 3V\FKRORJH VHL 'RFK GHU 6WXGHQW JLQJ
DXI /MDFKRZV IHLQVLQQLJHV $EOHQNXQJVPDQ|YHU QLFKW HLQ
XQG0LWMDVDJWHXQHUZDUWHWZWHQGÄ8PGUHL‰LJ/LWHUKDW
HV LKP OHLG JHWDQ GLHVHU 3HVWEHXOH $OV RE HLQ /HLWHU IU
HLQHQ)DKUHU9HUVWlQGQLVKlWWH'HUVLW]WMDQLFKWDXIHLQHP
7DN\U >%RGHQJODW]H $QP G hEHUV @ RGHU 6FKRU RKQH
%HQ]LQ IHVW (U KRFNW LP =HOW 8QG GHU )DKUHU NDQQ PLW
VHLQHPOHHUHQ.DQLVWHULQGHU6RQQHVFKPRUHQ(LQ)DKUHU
KDWQDWUOLFKLPPHUIUGHQDQGHUHQ9HUVWlQGQLV³
Ä1XQUHGHDEHUELWWHNHLQHQ8QVLQQ³VDJWH/MDFKRZILQ
VWHUÄ'XKDVWGLU%HQ]LQJHQRPPHQQDVFK|Q$EHUQXQ
VFKZDW]HQLFKW³
Ä:LHVRVFKZDW]HQ"(LQ*HL]KDOVLVWHUEDVWD³
Ä1DJXW,VWMDVLQQORVPLWHXFK]XVWUHLWHQ³
Ä,FKVWUHLWHMDQLFKWLFKVDJHZDVZDKULVW³
%HLGLHVHP:RUWJHSOlQNHOVHW]WHQVLH]JLJLKUHQ:HJLQ
5LFKWXQJ :HVWHQ IRUW *HJHQ 7DJHVPLWWH NODUWH GHU +LP
PHODXIXQGGLH0LWWDJVVRQQHWDWLKU:HUN(VZXUGHKHL‰
$OOH OHJWHQ ]XQlFKVW GLH :HWWHUXPKlQJH DE GDQQ GLH
:DWWHMDFNHQ XQG VFKOLH‰OLFK VD‰HQ VLH QXU QRFK LQ +HP
GHQGD
'LH'QHQWURFNQHWHQUDVFKDXV 'LHGXQNHOEUDXQH )DU
EH GLH VLH LP 5HJHQ DQJHQRPPHQ KDWWHQ YHUZDQGHOWH
VLFK LQ 'RWWHUJHOE 'LH :VWH QDKP LKUH JHZ|KQOLFKHQ
)DUEHQDQ±GDV VRQQLJH 2FNHU GHV 6DQGHV XQG GLH IODP
PHQGH %OlXH GHV +LPPHOV 'LH YRP 5HJHQ QLHGHUJH
GUFNWHQ *UlVHU ULFKWHWHQ VLFK ZLHGHU DXI XQG VRJOHLFK
ZXUGH GLH PDQQLJIDOWLJH %OXPHQSUDFKW GHU :VWH LP
)UKOLQJ VLFKWEDU ± GLH 3XUSXUIOHFNHQ GHV 0RKQV GLH
YLROHWWHQ 'ROGHQ GHV .DVDO\NV GLH EHVFKHLGHQHQ JHOEHQ
%OPFKHQGLHGHP+DKQHQIX‰lKQHOWHQJDQ]H)HOGHUYRQ
(LQWDJVEOKHUQ,QGHQ1LHGHUXQJHQZRGLH6RQQHEHVRQ
GHUVEUDQQWHOHXFKWHWHSXUSXUQVDIWLJHU5KDEDUEHU
0LWGHU6RQQHHUZDFKWHVFKODJDUWLJGDV/HEHQLP6DQG
,PPHU ZLHGHU VSUDQJHQ YRQ 0RWRUHQOlUP HUVFKUHFNWH
3HUO XQG 6WUHLIHQ]LHVHO DXV LKUHQ +|KOHQ UDVWHQ EHQRP
PHQYRUGHP$XWRKHUVFKHUWHQQDFKUHFKWVXQGOLQNVDXV
XQGYHUVFKZDQGHQSO|W]OLFKVSXUORVLQGHU(UGH:LQ]LJH
ZLH 6WUHLFKK|O]HU IHLQH 6FKXSSHQWLHUH KLQWHUOLH‰HQ DXI
GHP6DQGLKUHSXQNWLHUWHQ/LQLHQZlKUHQGGLH(LGHFKVHQ
VLFK JDU HUNKQWHQ GLH 0HQVFKHQ ]X EHREDFKWHQ LQGHP
VLH LQ .DPSISRVH PLW DXIZlUWV JHULQJHOWHP 6FKZDQ]
YHUKDUUWHQ%DFKVWHO]HQIODWWHUWHQLP*UDV DXIXQGZHLWHU
DE YRP :HJ HUKRE VLFK ZLH HLQH 6WDWXH HLQ VFKZDU]HU
6WHSSHQDGOHU DXI HLQHU :DQGHUGQH ± PDQ KlWWH PHLQHQ
N|QQHQHUVHLDXV6WHLQZlUHQLFKWVHLQNOHLQHU.RSIGHU
NDXP PHUNOLFK PLW DUURJDQWHP 0L‰WUDXHQ GHP $XWR
IROJWH
6LHKLHOWHQMHW]W|IWHUDQ±GHU0RWRUHUKLW]WHVLFKLQGHU
6RQQHXQGPX‰WHYRQ=HLW]X=HLWDENKOHQ'DQQVWLHJHQ
VLH DOOH DXV GHP $XWR XQG JHQRVVHQ GLH SO|W]OLFKH 6WLOOH
1XUGDV6LHGHQGHV:DVVHUVLP.KOHUXQGGDV3IHLIHQGHU
9|JHO ZDU ]X YHUQHKPHQ 6FKODJDUWLJ PDFKWH VLFK GLH
+LW]H EHPHUNEDU :lKUHQG HLQHU GLHVHU 3DXVHQ EHVFKORV
VHQVLH]XUDVWHQXQG0LWWDJ]XHVVHQ0LWMDEUHLWHWHVHLQHQ
:HWWHUXPKDQJ PLW GHP NDULHUWHQ )XWWHU QDFK REHQ EHU
HLQHQ +JHO XQG OHJWH HLQ LQ =HLWXQJVSDSLHU JHZLFNHOWHV
%URWGDUDXIHLQH%FKVH.UDEEHQHLQSDDU=ZLHEHOQXQG
]ZHLULHVLJH6DO]JXUNHQYRQGHU*U|‰HNOHLQHU)HOGNUELV
VH'HU'RNWRUVWHOOWHHLQH)ODVFKH:RGNDGD]X:lKUHQG
0LWMD PLW HLQHP 7DVFKHQPHVVHU GHQ ,PEL‰ EHUHLWHWH
VFKOXJ GHU 6WXGHQW GHP 'RNWRU YRU VLFK IRWRJUDILHUHQ ]X
ODVVHQ'HUVWHOOWHVLFKDXIHLQHNOHLQH'QHXQGVWDUUWHPLW
JHUXQ]HOWHU6WLUQLQV2EMHNWLY
Ä(LQ ZXQGHUEDUHU +LQWHUJUXQG ± GLH :VWH LP )UK
OLQJ³ VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW XQG EOLFNWH PLW VHOLJHP /lFKHOQ
XP VLFK Ä1LFKW ]X JODXEHQ GD‰ DOO GDV *UQ LQ HLQHP
0RQDWUHVWORVYHUGRUUWVHLQZLUG6SUHQ6LHGHQ'XIWGHV
EOKHQGHQ7UDJDQWV"³
/MDFKRZ VRJ GLH /XIW HLQ NRQQWH DEHU DX‰HU VFKZHUHP
:HUPXWGXIWQLFKWVZDKUQHKPHQ
Ä(ULQQHUW HQWIHUQW DQ 0DLJO|FNFKHQ (LQ VHKU IHLQHU
'XIW³ VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW ÄhEHUKDXSW GXIWHQ GLH 3IODQ]HQ
KLHU NDXP PHUNOLFK GLH PHLVWHQ /HXWH ULHFKHQ HV JDU
QLFKW³
:lKUHQG GHV (VVHQV IUDJWH 0LWMD GHQ 6WXGHQWHQ EHU
6FKODQJHQ:HEHUNQHFKWHXQG6NRUSLRQHDXVGHUHQ%LVVH
EHVRQGHUV JHVXQGKHLWVJHIlKUGHQG ZDUHQ XQG ZROOWH ZLV
VHQZLHVLH]XKHLOHQVHLHQZRUDXIGHU6WXGHQWEHUHLWZLO
OLJXQGDXVIKUOLFK$QWZRUWJDE
Ä.XU]LFKKDEHQRFKQLHYRQHLQHPW|GOLFKHQ%L‰HLQHV
:HEHUNQHFKWV RGHU HLQHV 6NRUSLRQV JHK|UW³ VFKOR‰ HU
XQHUZDUWHW
'LHVH(UNOlUXQJHUVFKLHQ/MDFKRZNUlQNHQGHEHQVRZLH
GLH HKUHUELHWLJH $XIPHUNVDPNHLW PLW GHU 0LWMD GHP 6WX
GHQWHQ ODXVFKWH Ä'D‰ 6LH GDYRQ QRFK QLH JHK|UW KDEHQ
EHVDJWJDUQLFKWV³ZDUIHUHLQÄ6LHVLQGHUVWNXU]KLHULFK
DEHUNHQQH'XW]HQGHVROFKHU)lOOH³
Ä'DVEH]ZHLIOHLFK³VDJWHGHU6WXGHQWOlFKHOQG
Ä6LH ]ZHLIHOQ DXFK QRFK GDUDQ³ EUDXVWH /MDFKRZ DXI
Ä'DEHL NHQQHQ 6LH GLH :VWH QXU DXV %FKHUQ LFK DEHU
OHEH KLHU XQG VLH VWHKW PLU ELV GD³ (U VFKQLSSWH VLFK DQ
GHQ+DOVÄ7RXULVWVHLQXQGGLH:VWHGXUFKV)RWRREMHNWLY
EHWUDFKWHQMDGDVLVWZXQGHUEDU³
/MDFKRZEHJULIIPLWHLQHPPDONODUGHQ8UVSUXQJVHLQHU
)HLQGVHOLJNHLW JHJHQEHU GHP 6WXGHQWHQ ± LKQ SODJWH GHU
1HLG (U EHQHLGHWH LKQ XP VHLQH 5XKH VHLQH :RKOHU]R
JHQKHLWGLH]DUWH-QJOLQJVU|WHKDXSWVlFKOLFKDEHUGDUXP
GD‰ HU IUHL ZDU MHGHU]HLW QDFK $VFKFKDEDG IDKUHQ XQG
YLHUXQG]ZDQ]LJ6WXQGHQVSlWHULQ 0RVNDX DXI GHP )OXJ
KDIHQ:QXNRZRVHLQNRQQWH,QGHU$EVLFKWGHQ6WXGHQ
WHQ ]X YHUOHW]HQ XQG LKQ LQ 0LWMDV $XJHQ KHUDE]XVHW]HQ
VDJWHHUVS|WWLVFKÄ:DVVLQG6LHEHUKDXSWIUHLQ5HLVHQ
GHU PHLQ /LHEHU ZHQQ 6LH QLFKW HLQPDO :RGND WULQNHQ
N|QQHQ"³

Ä.DQQ LFK VFKRQ³ HUZLGHUWH GHU 6WXGHQW ÄQXU KDEH LFK


QLFKWVGDYRQ³
Ä'DV KHL‰W GD‰ HU HLQ JOFNOLFKHU 0HQVFK LVW³ VDJWH
0LWMDVHXI]HQGÄ$PEHVWHQPDQWULQNWEHUKDXSWNHLQHQ
GLHVHUYHUIOXFKWH«³
(U VHOEVW KDWWH EHUHLWV ]ZHL *OlVHU JHWUXQNHQ XQG EL‰
JHQX‰YROOYRQGHU *XUNH DE ZREHL VHLQH JHU|WHWHQ /LGHU
KHIWLJ]ZLQNHUWHQ/MDFKRZGHUHEHQIDOOVHLQ*ODVJHOHHUW
KDWWH JR‰ VLFK QRFK HLQH .OHLQLJNHLW QDFK WUDQN DOOHV LQ
HLQHP=XJ DXVXQGPX‰WH KXVWHQ $XI HLQPDO ZDUHQ LKP
GHU :RGND ]XZLGHU GHQ HU QLFKW PRFKWH XQG VWHWV PLW
hEHUZLQGXQJWUDQNXQGVHLQHGXPPHOlFKHUOLFKH3UDKOH
UHL
%HPKW GHQ 6WXGHQWHQ XQG 0LWMD QLFKW DQ]XEOLFNHQ
HUKRE HU VLFK EHJDE VLFK KXVWHQG ]XP $XWR XQG VHW]WH
VLFKDXIVHLQHQ3ODW]'UHL0LQXWHQVSlWHUIXKUHQVLHZHL
WHU
8QGZLHGHUIORJHQUHFKWVXQGOLQNVGLHJHIOHFNWHQJHOE
JUQHQ 6DQGKJHO YRUEHL KXVFKWHQ =LHVHO XQWHU GHQ 5l
GHUQKHUYRU UDJWH HLQVDP HLQ 6WHSSHQDGOHU GHU %HREDFK
WHUGHU:VWHDXI HLQHU IHUQHQ'QH DXI'LH 6RQQH JOLWW
QDFK OLQNV GDV KHL‰H %ODX DP +RUL]RQW IlUEWH VLFK OLOD
'HU:LQGWUXJGHQVFKZHUHQEHWlXEHQGHQ:HUPXWJHUXFK
LQV$XWRXQG/MDFKRZILHOHUPDWWHWYRQGLHVHP'XIWGHU
+LW]HXQGGHP:RGNDLQ+DOEVFKODI

(LQH 6WXQGH VSlWHU HUEOLFNWH 0LWMD DP +RUL]RQW HLQH


6WDXEZRONHXQGHLQVLFKUDVFKQlKHUQGHV$XWR(VZDUHLQ
DOWHU ]HUEHXOWHU YRP 6WDXE JUDXHU OHHUHU /.: GHU LP
)DKUHQ PLW DOO VHLQHQ .HWWHQ XQG DXVJHOHLHUWHQ %RUGZlQ
GHQ VFKHSSHUWH $OV HU LQ JOHLFKHU +|KH PLW GHP Ä%|FN
FKHQ³ ZDU EUHPVWHQ EHLGH :DJHQ QDFK :VWHQEUDXFK
$XVGHU.DELQHGHV/.:VSUDQJHLQNOHLQHUNUXPPQDVL
JHU )DKUHU LQ HLQHP VFKZHL‰GXUFKWUlQNWHQ 7XUQKHPG
0LWMDJLQJLKPHQWJHJHQ
Ä:RKLQZLOOVWGX"³IUDJWHGHU)DKUHUPLW|VWOLFKHP $N
]HQW XQG VDK 0LWMD DXV UXQGHQ .UlKHQDXJHQ DQ (U QDKP
GLH =LJDUHWWH GLH 0LWMD LKP KLQKLHOW XQG PDFKWH HLQHQ
JLHULJHQ=XJ
Ä1DFK-DVFKDQ³
Ä(KGDVLVWZHLW'DLVWKHXWHPRUJHQHLQ*$6KLQ
JHIDKUHQ LFK ELQ LKP EHJHJQHW +|U PDO ELQ LFK QDFK
.XUW\VFK%DEDULFKWLJ"³
Ä-D +DOW GLFK DQ PHLQH 6SXU ELV .HUSHOL YRQ GD JLEWåV
GDQQHLQH6WUD‰H:RKLQKDVWGXåVGHQQVRHLOLJ"³
Ä,FK KDEåV GRFK QLFKW HLOLJ³ 'HU NUXPPQDVLJH )DKUHU
ZLQNWH DE XQG VFKLPSIWH QHUY|V Ä,FK ELQ EULJHQV DXV
%DNX +DE PLFK DQZHUEHQ ODVVHQ 'LH ]ZHLWH :RFKH ELQ
LFKLP6DQG«³
Ä$KD³ VDJWH 0LWMD Ä+DVW GLFK DOVR QRFK QLFKW JH
Z|KQW"³
Ä'DV LVW HV MD 'X IlKUVW XQG IlKUVW XQG ZHLW XQG EUHLW
NHLQH 0HQVFKHQVHHOH NHLQ %DXP HV ZLUG HLQHP JDQ]
XQKHLPOLFK«³(UIOXFKWH ZLHGHUXQG EOLFNWH0LWMDGDEHL
PLW HLQHP JLHULJHQ HLQVFKPHLFKHOQGHQ /lFKHOQ DQ DOV
HUZDUWH HU HWZDV YRQ LKP 0LWMD EHJULII GD‰ GHU NOHLQH
)DKUHUXQJHZ|KQOLFKH$QJVWKDWWHXQGPHLQWHLKQWU|VWHQ
]X PVVHQ Ä6R GX VDJVW DXV %DNX" 8QG ZDV ELVW GX
$VHUEDLGVKDQHURGHU$UPHQLHU"³
Ä$UPHQLHU³
Ä$KD0DFKWQLFKWV.XPSHOGXJHZ|KQVWGLFK'DVLVW
LPPHUVRDP$QIDQJ³VDJWH0LWMDYlWHUOLFK
'HU NUXPPQDVLJH )DKUHU EUXPPHOWH ZHKOHLGLJ Ä.HLQH
6WUD‰HPDQIlKUWQDFK HLQHU6SXUGDVLVWGDV VFKOLPPVWH
KLHU'DNDQQPDQVLFKOHLFKWYHULUUHQVWLPPWåV"³
Ä'DVLVWGXUFKDXVGULQ³SIOLFKWHWH0LWMDLKPEHL
Ä+DVWGXGLH6SXUPDOYHUORUHQGDQQ JXWH1DFKW«6R
LVWåVGRFK"³IUDJWHGHU)DKUHUPLW]LWWHUQGHU6WLPPH
Ä*HQDX³ 0LWMD QLFNWH Ä1D GDQQ %OHLE JHVXQG .XP
SHO,FKPX‰ZHLWHU³'HUNUXPPQDVLJH)DKUHUWUHQQWHVLFK
VFKUHFNOLFK XQJHUQ (U QDKP QRFK HLQH =LJDUHWWH YRQ
0LWMD VFKWWHWH HLQ SDDU 6WUHLFKK|O]HU LQ VHLQH 6FKDFKWHO
XPXQGEDWÄXPHWZD]HKQ/LWHUFKHQ%HQ]LQ³0LWMDKDWWH
0LWOHLG PLW LKP XQG JR‰ LKP HLQHQ KDOEHQ .DQLVWHU YRQ
GHP %HQ]LQ DE GDV HU VLFK VHOEHU LQ .HUSHOL HUJDWWHUW
KDWWH 'DEHL VSUDFK HU EHOHKUHQG GDYRQ GD‰ ÄHLQ )DKUHU
LPPHU IU GHQ DQGHUHQ 9HUVWlQGQLV ]HLJHQ PVVH ]XPDO
XQWHUGHQ%HGLQJXQJHQGHU:VWH.DUDNXP³'HUNUXPP
QDVLJH)DKUHUVHW]WHVLFKPLWHLQHPYHUNUDPSIWHQEHLQDKH
YHU]ZHLIHOWHQ *HVLFKW LQ GLH .DELQH OHJWH JHUlXVFKYROO
GHQ *DQJ HLQ XQG JDE 9ROOJDV :LH JHSHLWVFKW KHXOWH GHU
/.: DXI XQG YHUVFKZDQG DXJHQEOLFNOLFK KLQWHU HLQHU
'QH

'HUÄ*DVLN³VWDUWHWHLQHQWJHJHQJHVHW]WHU5LFKWXQJ-HW]W
IXKUHQ VLH DP 8VERL HQWODQJ 'DV DOWH )OX‰EHWW ODJ ]ZL
VFKHQKRKHQ6DQGXIHUQGLHREHQPLWWURFNHQHPYHUGRUU
WHP:VWHQJHVWUlXFKEHZDFKVHQZDUHQPLW6DO]NUDXWXQG
0HHUWUlXEHOXQGXQWHQPLW6FKLOIURKU$EXQG]XWDXFKWHQ
6DNVDXOZlOGFKHQ PLW VWDXEEHGHFNWHQ YRQ GHU 6RQQH
NDKOJHVHQJWHQ NQRUULJHQ bVWHQ DXI 'HU )OX‰JUXQG ZDU
PLWU|WOLFKJHIlUEWHP5HJHQZDVVHUEHGHFNW
'LH HUVWH hEHUTXHUXQJ GHV 8VERL JOFNWH DXI $QKLHE
0LWMDVFKDOWHWHGHQ9RUGHUDFKVHQDQWULHEHLQXQGMDJWHGDV
$XWRGXUFKGHQPRUDVWLJHQ%RGHQDQVJHJHQEHUOLHJHQGH
8IHU ZREHL HU NQDFNHQG GDV 6FKLOIURKU QLHGHUEUDFK
/MDFKRZVFKQDXIWHQXUXQGVSLHDXVZREHLHUVHLQ*HVLFKW
YRU GHQ 'UHFNNOXPSHQ VFKW]WH GLH IRQWlQHQDUWLJ XQWHU
GHQ5lGHUQDXIVSULW]WHQ
(V EOLHE QRFK GLH ]ZHLWH JHIlKUOLFKHUH hEHUIDKUW DP
%UXQQHQ 'HNWVFKD %LV GDKLQ ZDUHQ HV QDFK 0LWMDV %H
UHFKQXQJPLQGHVWHQVVLHE]LJ.LORPHWHU
,Q]ZLVFKHQJLQJGHU7DJ]XU1HLJH'LH+LW]HOLH‰QDFK
'HU +LPPHO EOLHE QXU QRFK LP =HQLW EODX XQG NODU LP
2VWHQ ZXUGH HU EHUHLWV YRQ HLQHP 'XQVWVFKOHLHU JHWUEW
XQGGHUZHVWOLFKH+LPPHOVUDQGOHXFKWHWHJROGHQ
'LH$XWRVSXUIKUWHYRP8VERLZHJLQGHQ6DQG'LHVHQ
7HLO GHV :HJHV KLHU EHJDQQ DXFK GLH 8PJHKXQJVURXWH
NDQQWH 0LWMD RIIHQVLFKWOLFK ZHQLJHU JXW (LQ SDDUPDO
EUHPVWH HU DQ :HJJDEHOXQJHQ VWLHJ DXV GHP :DJHQ XQG
EHWUDFKWHWH ODQJH GLH $XWRVSXUHQ XP GLH 5LFKWXQJ ]X
HUPLWWHOQ
/MDFKRZ ZXUGH XQUXKLJ Ä9LHOOHLFKW KDEHQ ZLU XQV YHU
IDKUHQ0LWMD"³
Ä:LU NRPPHQ VFKRQ KLQ %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK 6R VLFKHU
ZLHGLH:LOGHQWHQ³HQWJHJQHWH0LWMDPLWHLQHU*HODVVHQ
KHLW GLH GHP 'RNWRU DXIJHVHW]W XQG GDKHU YHUGlFKWLJ
HUVFKLHQ (LQ %OLFN LQ 0LWMDV DQJHVSDQQWHV *HVLFKW VDJWH
LKPGD‰GLHVHUMHW]WHKHULQWXLWLYDOVLQVLFKHUHU .HQQWQLV
GHU6WUHFNHIXKU
'HU :HJ YHU]ZHLJWH VLFK DEHUPDOV 0LWMD KLHOW DQ XQG
VSUDQJ DXV GHP )DKU]HXJ $XFK GHU 6WXGHQW VWLHJ DXV
UHFNWH VLFK JHQ‰OLFK XQG PDFKWH ]ZHL .QLHEHXJHQ XP
GLH VWHLIJHZRUGHQHQ %HLQH ]X ORFNHUQ Ä0HLQHU 0HLQXQJ
QDFKP‰WHQZLUXQVPHKUOLQNVKDOWHQ³VDJWHHUJlKQHQG
0LWMDJDENHLQH$QWZRUW:HLWYRUJHQHLJWEHWUDFKWHWHHU
GHQ :HJ GHU LQ GHU KHUHLQEUHFKHQGHQ 'lPPHUXQJ
VFKOHFKW]XHUNHQQHQZDU
Ä0HKU OLQNV 8QEHGLQJW PHKU OLQNV³ ZLHGHUKROWH GHU
6WXGHQW
Ä:RKHUZROOHQ6LHGHQQGDVZLVVHQ",QZHOFKHP5HLVH
IKUHUVWHKWGHQQGDV"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZDXVGHP$XWR
Ä,FKYHUPXWHHV,PPHUKLQELQLFKVFKRQGLH]ZHLWH6DL
VRQ LQ GHU :VWH XQWHUZHJV ,Q GLHVHU *HJHQG ELQ LFK
]ZDU]XPHUVWHQPDODEHULFKKDEHGDV*HIKOZLUVROOWHQ
XQVQLFKWYRP8VERLHQWIHUQHQ³
/MDFKRZVFKZLHJYHUZXQGHUWEHUGLH7DWVDFKHGD‰GHU
6WXGHQWGXUFKDXVNHLQ:VWHQQHXOLQJZDU ,QGHVVHQ KDWWH
0LWMDGLHIULVFKH6SXUHLQHV*$6HQWGHFNWXQGDQKDQG
GHV5HLIHQDEGUXFNVIHVWJHVWHOOWGD‰GDV$XWRLQ5LFKWXQJ
-DVFKDQ JHIDKUHQ ZDU hEHU]HXJW GD‰ HV VLFK XP GHQ
/.: KDQGOH YRQ GHP GHU NUXPPQDVLJH )DKUHU JHVSUR
FKHQKDWWHIROJWHHUGHU6SXUQDFKUHFKWVÄ*HQDX'DVLVW
HU³ VSUDFK HU GDEHL YRU VLFK KLQ XP VHLQH :HJJHIlKUWHQ
XQGYRUDOOHPVLFKVHOEVWGDYRQ]XEHU]HXJHQÄ'LH6SXU
LVWIULVFKXQGGLHHLQ]LJH'DVNDQQQXUGHU/.:VHLQ³
6LHIXKUHQQRFKHLQHKDOEH6WXQGHGXUFKGHQ6DQGGDQQ
IKUWHGLH6SXUEHUHLQHQ7DN\U
Ä'HU7DN\ULVWY|OOLJWURFNHQKLHUKDWHVQLFKWJHUHJQHW³
VDJWH 0LWMD LQ XQEHVWLPPWHP 7RQ RKQH QlKHU ]X HUOlX
WHUQREGDVQXQJXWRGHUVFKOHFKWVHL
/MDFKRZEHJULIILQGHVEDOGGD‰HVVFKOHFKWZDU$XIGHU
JODWWHQDVSKDOWKDUWHQ2EHUIOlFKHDXIGHUVLFKHLQ5HLIHQ
DEGUXFN NDXP DE]HLFKQHWH NRQQWHQ VLH OHLFKW YRQ GHU
6SXU DENRPPHQ :LH HU VLFK DXFK DQVWUHQJWH HU NRQQWH
YRUQ QLFKWV YRQ HLQHU 5DGVSXU HQWGHFNHQ REJOHLFK 0LWMD
GDV$XWRXQEHLUUWYRUZlUWVMDJWH
'LH'XQNHOKHLWEUDFKUDVFKKHUHLQGHUKHOOH6WUHLIHQLP
:HVWHQHUORVFKXQGDPVDWWEODXHQ+LPPHOOHXFKWHWHQGLH
HUVWHQ 6WHUQH DXI /MDFKRZ XQG 0LWMD KDWWHQ OlQJVW LKUH
:DWWHMDFNHQEHUJH]RJHQXQGGHU6WXGHQWVHLQH 6NLMDFNH
WURW]GHP IURUHQ VLH PHKU XQG PHKU 0LWMD KLHOW MHW]W GDV
$XWRKlXILJDQXQGVXFKWHODQJHQDFK GHU 6SXU ZREHL HU
VLFKVRWLHIKLQDEEHXJWHDOVZROOHHUDQGHU(UGHVFKQXS
SHUQ 0LWXQWHU HQWIHUQWH HU VLFK ZHLW XQG NHKUWH MHGHVPDO
LP/DXIVFKULWW]XUFN
6LHIXKUHQQRFKDQGLH]HKQ.LORPHWHUGRFKYRP8VERL
ZDUQLFKWV]XVHKHQ6FKOLH‰OLFKEUDFK/MDFKRZGDVODQJH
6FKZHLJHQ Ä(V VFKHLQW ZLU KDEHQ XQV YHULUUW³ VDJWH HU
KDOEIUDJHQG
0LWMD VFKZLHJ (U VFKDOWHWH GLH 6FKHLQZHUIHU HLQ XQG
VRIRUWZXUGH HVULQJVXPWLHIVFKZDU]DOV ZlUH VFKODJDUWLJ
GLH 1DFKW KHUHLQJHEURFKHQ /MDFKRZ UDXFKWH HLQH =LJD
UHWWH]QGHWHGDUDQJHZRKQKHLWVJHPl‰GLHQlFKVWHDQXQG
UHLFKWHVLH0LWMD
Ä:LU IDKUHQ IDOVFK³ VDJWH HU Ä:LU ODQGHQ ZRP|JOLFK
VRQVWZRLQ7DVFKDXVRGHULQ.XQMD8UJHQWVFKEOR‰QLFKW
LQ -DVFKDQ³ 'HQ .DOWEOWLJHQ VSLHOHQG PDFKWH HU HLQH
3DXVH]RJGHQ7DEDNUDXFKHLQXQG IXKU IRUW Ä$OOHUGLQJV
ZHUGHQZLUDXFKGRUWQLFKWDQNRPPHQGDZLUNHLQ%HQ]LQ
KDEHQ³
Ä'DVVWHKWQRFKQLFKWIHVW³PHLQWH0LWMDILQVWHU
Ä)UGLFKQLFKWDEHUIUPLFK:LHGHQNHQ6LHGDUEHU
3URIHVVRU ZDV VROOHQ ZLU WXQ"³ ZDQGWH VLFK /MDFKRZ DQ
GHQ 6WXGHQWHQ GHU VFKZHLJHQG KLQWHQ VD‰ XQG DQ HWZDV
NDXWHÄ*HEHQ6LHPLUHLQHQ=ZLHEDFN³
Ä,FK GHQNH ZLU PVVHQ XPNHKUHQ³ HUZLGHUWH GHU 6WX
GHQWXQGKLHOW/MDFKRZGLH=ZLHEDFNWWHKLQÄ%LV]XGHU
6WHOOHZRLFKJHUDWHQKDEHQDFKOLQNV]XIDKUHQ³
Ä8PNHKUHQ"8QGZDVPHLQVWGX0LWMD"³
0LWMDDQWZRUWHWHQLFKW/MDFKRZEL‰YRQGHP =ZLHEDFN
DEXQGVWHFNWHLKQJOHLFKGDUDXILQGLH7DVFKHÄ:LHZHLW
VLQGZLUGHQQVHLWKHUJHIDKUHQ"³IUDJWHHU
0LWMD EHOHXFKWHWH GHQ .LORPHWHU]lKOHU PLW HLQHP
6WUHLFKKRO]Ä=ZHLXQGDFKW]LJ³
Ä1D GDQQ LVW DOOHV NODU³ /MDFKRZ ODFKWH JH]ZXQJHQ
Ä6RQQHQNODU :LU IDKUHQ DXI GHU IDOVFKHQ 6SXU -D JLEWåV
GHQQEHUKDXSWHLQH6SXU"-D± LVW GHQQ HLQ-XQJH GDJH
ZHVHQYLHOOHLFKWZDUJDUNHLQ-XQJHGD"å >=LWDWDXV*RUNLV
5RPDQ Ä.OLP 6DPJLQ³ $QP G hEHUV @ 6HKW GRFK PDO
JHQDX KLQ 0|JOLFKHUZHLVH IDKUHQ ZLU EHU GHQ QDFNWHQ
7DN\U+DOWHWGRFKPDOXQGVFKDXWQDFK³
0LWMD MDJWH GDV )DKU]HXJ RKQH ]X DQWZRUWHQ YRUZlUWV
1DFKODQJHP6FKZHLJHQVDJWHHUÄ(VLVWHLQH6SXUGD³
/MDFKRZUXWVFKWHDXIVHLQHP6LW]KLQXQGKHUDOVVHLHU
LP %HJULII DXI]XEUDXVHQ GRFK GDQQ VDJWH HU XQHUZDUWHW
JOHLFKPWLJ Ä$FK PDFKW GRFK ZDV LKU ZROOW ,FK ZHUGH
VFKODIHQ³8QGZLUNOLFKKOOWHHUVLFKLQVHLQHQ:HWWHUXP
KDQJ XQG VFKOXJ GHQ .UDJHQ KRFK Ä$EHU GHQNW GDUDQ
:DVDXFKVHLQPDJPRUJHQIUKPX‰LFKLQ-DVFKDQVHLQ
XQEHGLQJW³
'HU Ä*DVLN³ VHW]WH XPKOOW YRQ )LQVWHUQLV VHLQH )DKUW
QDFKGHUXQVLFKHUHQDXIXQGDEKSIHQGHQ/LFKWVSXUIRUW
GLH HU VHOEVW EHVWLPPWH XQG GLH GDGXUFK QRFK XQVLFKHUHU
XQG LOOXVRULVFKHU DQPXWHWH :LHGHU KLHOW 0LWMD DQ VSUDQJ
DXV GHP )DKU]HXJ OLHI LUJHQGZRKLQ VFKQIIHOWH HWZDV
DXV NHKUWH NHXFKHQG ]XUFN XQG MDJWH ZHLWHU 'HU 7DN\U
ZDU]X(QGHZLHGHU]RJHQVLFKPLW*HVWUSSEHZDFKVHQH
6DQGGQHQ KLQ 'LH YRQ GHQ 6FKHLQZHUIHUQ GHU 'XQNHO
KHLWHQWULVVHQHQNOHLQHQ6DO]NUDXWEVFKHXQGGLHQLHGULJHQ
6DNVDXOElXPHJOLFKHQGHQGLFNHQ:XU]HODQVlW]HQULHVLJHU
%lXPHGHUHQ:LSIHOVLFKLQGHU)LQVWHUQLVYHUORUHQ0DQ
JODXEWHGXUFKHLQHQ:DOG]XIDKUHQ
'RFKHVZDUGLH:VWH
/MDFKRZ GHU EHUKDXSW QLFKW VFKODIHQ ZROOWH XQG HV
DXFK JDU QLFKW JHNRQQW KlWWH NDPHQ YHUVFKLHGHQH XQHU
TXLFNOLFKH *HVFKLFKWHQ LQ GHQ 6LQQ (LQ *HRORJH KDWWH
LKPHLQPDOHU]lKOWZLHHU LQ GHU .\V\ONXP GLH 2ULHQWLH
UXQJYHUORUHQKDWWHXQG]ZHL7DJHXPKHUJHLUUWZDU$OVHU
ZLHGHU DXI 0HQVFKHQ WUDI WUDQN HU ± RKQH hEHUWUHLEXQJ
ZLHHUVFKZRU±HLQHQJDQ]HQ(LPHU:DVVHUOHHU,PYHU
JDQJHQHQ-DKUZDUHQLUJHQGZRQ|UGOLFKYRQ %DOD,VFKHP
]ZHL ,QJHQLHXUH XQG HLQ )DKUHU XPJHNRPPHQ 6LH KDWWHQ
VLFKHEHQIDOOVPLWGHP$XWRYHULUUWXQGZDUHQYHUGXUVWHW
$P VHOWVDPVWHQ ZDU GD‰ PDQ LP .KOHU LKUHV $XWRV
:DVVHU IDQG :DKUVFKHLQOLFK KDWWHQ VLH JHKRIIW GHQ :HJ
GRFK QRFK ]X ILQGHQ XQG DQV =LHO ]X JHODQJHQ 8QOlQJVW
HU]lKOWHPDQVLFKYRQHLQHP0lGFKHQGDVVLFKJOHLFKIDOOV
YHULUUWKDWWHGD]XJDQ]LQGHU1lKHHLQHV&DPSV$OVPDQ
VLH IDQG ZDU LKUH *HVLFKWVKDXW UXQ]OLJ XQG IDOWLJ ZLH EHL
HLQHUDOWHQ)UDX«
%HLGHU(ULQQHUXQJDQGLHVH*HVFKLFKWHQZXUGH/MDFKRZ
GLH .HKOH WURFNHQ XQG LKQ YHUODQJWH XQZLOONUOLFK ]X
WULQNHQ (U YHUVXFKWH GLH E|VHQ *HGDQNHQ ]X YHUVFKHX
FKHQ 8QV NDQQ GDV DOOHV QLFKW SDVVLHUHQ GDFKWH HU HU
JULPPW :LU KDEHQ %HQ]LQ XQG HLQHQ YROOHQ 7VFKHOHN
>WXUNPHQLVFKHV )l‰FKHQ $QP G hEHUV @ :DVVHU .HLQ
*UXQG]XU$QJVW$PVFKOLPPVWHQLVWGD‰LFK]XVSlWLQV
&DPS NRPPH 'RFK MH PHKU HU VLFK VHOEVW ]X EHUXKLJHQ
VXFKWHXPVRPHKUJHULHWHULQ(UUHJXQJ=ZDUKDWWHQVLH
YRUOlXILJQRFK %HQ]LQ XQG HLQHQ YROOHQ 7VFKHOHN :DVVHU
:HQQVLHDEHUQRFKHLQHQ7DJXPKHULUUWHQXQGGDQQQRFK
HLQHQ « (V N|QQWH MD VHLQ =XP 7HXIHO PX‰WH GLHVHU
(LQIDOWVSLQVHO DXFK DXI GDV YHUVFKUHFNWH &KDXIIHXUFKHQ
PLW VHLQHP /DVWDXWR K|UHQ 'LHVHU /DVWZDJHQ ZDU GRFK
QXU HLQH +DOOX]LQDWLRQ HLQH $QJVWYLVLRQ YRQ LKP JHZH
VHQ9LHOOHLFKWZDUHVDXFKHLQH)DWD0RUJDQDZlUHQLFKW
YHUZXQGHUOLFK ,P YHUJDQJHQHQ -DKU ZDU HLQ )DKUHU EHU
HLQHQ 7DN\U JHUDVW XQG KDWWH SO|W]OLFK GLUHNW YRU VHLQHU
1DVH %lXPH JHVHKHQ HLQ 6LOEHUSDSSHOZlOGFKHQ (U KDWWH
VFKDUIJHEUHPVWGDV$XWRKDWWHVLFKEHUVFKODJHQXQGGHU
)DKUHU ZDU W|GOLFK YHUXQJOFNW :HJHQ HLQHU KDUPORVHQ
)DWD0RUJDQD
8QGGLHVHU'XVVHOERUJWHGHPQRFK%HQ]LQ
/MDFKRZ KDWWH /XVW 0LWMD PLW GHQ EHOVWHQ 6FKLPSI
ZRUWHQ ]X EHOHJHQ GRFK HU EHKHUUVFKWH VLFK GHQQ HU EH
JULII GD‰ MHW]W DOOHV YRQ 0LWMD DEKLQJ YRQ GHVVHQ (UIDK
UXQJ9HUVWDQGXQG)DKUHULQVWLQNW'HU6WXGHQWZDULQ]ZL
VFKHQHLQJHVFKODIHQ/MDFKRZYHUQDKPIULHGOLFKHV6FKQDU
FKHQ KLQWHU VLFK GDV LKP HPS|UHQG YRUNDP $EVLFKWOLFK
ODXW VDJWH HU Ä0LWMD XQG ZHQQ ZLU ZLUNOLFK ELV ]X MHQHU
6WHOOH]XUFNNHKUHQXQGQDFKOLQNVIDKUHQ"³
Ä%LV ]X ZHOFKHU 6WHOOH"³ IUDJWH 0LWMD DEUXSW XQG ]LHP
OLFKJURE
Ä:RPDQGLUJHVDJWKDW±QDFKOLQNV³
Ä:HUKDWQDFKOLQNVå JHVDJW"³
Ä:HU ZHU³ lIIWH /MDFKRZ LKQ QHUY|V QDFK Ä1D GLH
6WHOOHDQGHUGXJHKDOWHQKDVWXQGQLFKWZHLWHUZX‰WHVW'X
ELVW QDFK UHFKWV JHIDKUHQ XQG PDQ KDW GLU JHVDJW QDFK
OLQNV+LQWHUGHP8VERLHULQQHUVWGXGLFK"³
0LWMD VFKZLHJ HLQH :HLOH GDQQ VDJWH HU UXKLJ Ä$OV RE
PDQGLH6WHOOHMHW]WQRFKILQGHQ N|QQWH -HW]W N|QQHQ ZLU
QXUKRIIHQLUJHQGZRDQ]XNRPPHQ³
/MDFKRZ ZDU EHWURIIHQ YRQ GLHVHU 2IIHQKHLW (U VSUWH
ZLH HV LKQ NDOW EHUOLHI Ä(LQIDFK HLQ ,UUVLQQ³ VDJWH HU
PDWW
'DQQ YHUVWXPPWH HU IU ODQJH 0LWMD YHUIROJWH LQGHVVHQ
XQEHLUUW GLH 6SXU GLH HU LPPHU ZLHGHU YRQ QHXHP DXI
VSUWH LQGHP HU GDV $XWR DQKLHOW 'LH 6WUlXFKHU ZXUGHQ
DOOPlKOLFK VSlUOLFKHU XQG YHUVFKZDQGHQ EDOG JDQ] DXV
GHP /LFKWNHJHO 'DV $XWR IXKU EHU NDKOH 'QHQ 0LW
MHGHP0HWHUEHZHJWHHVVLFKVFKZHUHUYRUZlUWV$XIHLQHU
6WHLJXQJ GUHKWHQ GLH 5lGHU GXUFK URXWLHUWHQ SIHLIHQG LP
6DQG XQG EOLHEHQ VFKOLH‰OLFK VWHFNHQ 0LWMD VFKDOWHWH GHQ
9RUGHUDFKVDQWULHE XQG GLH 'LIIHUHQWLDOVSHUUH HLQ 'HU
0RWRUKHXOWHDXIGHUÄ*DVLN³VFKOHSSWHVLFKQRFKHLQSDDU
0HWHUGDKLQXQGEOLHEHQGJOWLJVWHNNHQ
0LWMD OHJWH GHQ 5FNZlUWVJDQJ HLQ XQG YHUVXFKWH GLH
'QH PLW 6FKZXQJ ]X QHKPHQ ± YHUJHEOLFK 1DFK GHP
GULWWHQ9HUVXFKVFKDOWHWHHUGHQ0RWRUDEOLH‰GHQ:DJHQ
]XUFNUROOHQ VWLHJ DXV XQG PDFKWH GLH OlQJVVHLWV EHIH
VWLJWHQ .QSSHO ± GLH 6FKDOPDQH ± DE RKQH GLH NHLQ
)DKUHU LQ GHU :VWH VWDUWHWH 'DV DOOHV WDW HU IOLQN XQG
JHVFKLFNW /MDFKRZ NRQQWH 0LWMDV *HVLFKW LQ GHU 'XQNHO
KHLWQLFKWHUNHQQHQJODXEWHDEHUGHXWOLFKVHLQHQYHUELVVH
QHQ NRQ]HQWULHUWHQ *HVLFKWVDXVGUXFN ]X VHKHQ (U VHOEVW
ZDU YRQ HLQHU $UW 6FKODIIKHLW XQG $SDWKLH HUID‰W $OV
0LWMDLKQEDWDXV]XVWHLJHQIJWHHUVLFKZLOOLJXQGVWHOOWH
VLFKJDQ]NUXPPYRU.lOWHQHEHQGDV$XWR
Ä:DV LVW ORV" 6WHFNHQJHEOLHEHQ"³ IUDJWH GHU HUZDFKWH
6WXGHQW KHLVHU XQG VSUDQJ DXV GHP )DKU]HXJ Ä1D GHQQ
ZROOHQZLUPDOVFKDOPDQHQå³
0LWMD VWDUWHWH XQG GHU Ä*DVLN³ NURFK EHUJDXI 'HU 6WX
GHQWOHJWHGLH6FKDOPDQHXQWHUGLH5lGHUXQGVFKREGDQQ
GDV $XWR DQ $XFK /MDFKRZ KDOI VFKLHEHQ 'HU 6WXGHQW
XQG 0LWMD YHUVWlQGLJWHQ VLFK GXUFK =XUXIH GHU 0RWRU
KHXOWHSIHLIHQGIORJ6DQGXQWHUGHQ5lGHUQDXI/MDFKRZ
VWHPPWH VLFK PHFKDQLVFK PLW GHU 6FKXOWHU JHJHQ GHQ
/DGHUDXP XQG GDFKWH PLW HLQHP VHOWVDPHQ *HIKO GHU
(QWIUHPGXQJ :R]X GLHVHV 0DUW\ULXP" :HVKDOE PVVHQ
ZLU DXVJHUHFKQHW GLHVH 'QH HUNOLPPHQ" 8QG ZDV ZLUG
GDQQZHLWHU"
1DFK GHU HUVWHQ 'QH PX‰WH GLH ]ZHLWH GLH GULWWH GLH
IQIWH GLH ]HKQWH DXI JOHLFKH :HLVH EH]ZXQJHQ ZHUGHQ
'DV ZDU HLQH LUUVLQQLJH NUlIWH]HKUHQGH $UEHLW HEHQ GLH
EHUFKWLJWH .DUDNXPHU Ä6FKDOPDQHUHL³ YRQ GHU /MDFKRZ
KlXILJ JHK|UW GLH HU MHGRFK ELVKHU JOFNOLFKHUZHLVH QRFK
QLHPLWHUOHEWKDWWH6FKOLH‰OLFKZDUHUY|OOLJHQWNUlIWHWGLH
%HLQH NQLFNWHQ LKP HLQ XQG JOLWWHQ LP 6DQG DXV (U ODJ
MHW]WPHKUDXIGHP$XWRDOVHUHVVFKREZREHLHUVLFKPLW
GHPJDQ]HQ.|USHUDXIVWW]WHXPQLFKW]XVWU]HQ0LWMD
XQG GHU 6WXGHQW PKWHQ VLFK LP 'XQNHOQ PLW GHQ 6FKDO
PDQHQ DE EHUDWVFKODJWHQ VWULWWHQ VFKULHQ HLQDQGHU ZXW
HQWEUDQQW DQ XQG ZHQQ GDV $XWR LQ %HZHJXQJ JHVHW]W
ZHUGHQVROOWHNRPPDQGLHUWHGHU6WXGHQWÄ+DXUXFN³
hEHU HLQH 6WXQGH YHUVWULFK ELV VLH VFKOLH‰OLFK GLH HWZD
KXQGHUW 0HWHU EUHLWH 'QHQSDVVDJH KLQWHU VLFK JHEUDFKW
KDWWHQ 'HU :HJ IKUWH ZLHGHU EHU EHZDFKVHQHQ 6DQG
DOOH GUHL QDKPHQ DEJHNlPSIW XQG VFKZHL‰QD‰ LP :DJHQ
3ODW] XQG GHU Ä*DVLN³ VHW]WH VHLQHQ :HJ IRUW 9RU (U
VFK|SIXQJ ZDU NHLQHP QDFK 6SUHFKHQ ]XPXWH DEHU DOOH
GDFKWHQ GDV JOHLFKH QlPOLFK XP ZLHYLHO DQJHQHKPHU HV
ZDULP$XWRGDKLQ]XUROOHQDOVHV]XVFKLHEHQ'DV$XWR
ZDUVFKRQHLQHJUR‰DUWLJH(UILQGXQJ6LHZDUHQVHOLJ
/MDFKRZGURKWHQGLH$XJHQ]X]XIDOOHQGRFKHUUL‰VLFK
]XVDPPHQ 0LWMDV .RSI VDQN LPPHU ZLHGHU YRUQEHU
6REDOGLKQ GHU 6FKOXPPHU EHUZlOWLJWH JDE HU LQVWLQNWLY
ZHQLJHU*DVXQGVLHIXKUHQODQJVDPHU'DQQVWLH‰LKQGHU
'RNWRU PLW GHP (OOERJHQ DQ RGHU HU ZXUGH GXUFK GHQ
YHUVWXPPHQGHQ 0RWRU ZDFK VFKWWHOWH VLFK XQG lFK]WH
ODXWXQGJHQ‰OLFK:LH]XYRUVWLHJHUKlXILJDXVXPGLH
6SXU DXVILQGLJ ]X PDFKHQ 0LWXQWHU NURFK GHU Ä*DVLN³
]LHPOLFK ODQJH PLW HLQHU *HVFKZLQGLJNHLW YRQ IQI 6WXQ
GHQNLORPHWHUQ GDKLQ /MDFKRZ QDKP HV LQ *HGDQNHQ
YHUWLHIWJDUQLFKWZDKUXQG0LWMDVFKOXPPHUWHVHOLJ

:lKUHQGHLQHU3DXVHOLHI0LWMDYRUDXVXQGNHKUWHODQJH
QLFKW ZLHGHU 'HU 6WXGHQW XQG /MDFKRZ VWLHJHQ HEHQIDOOV
DXV(VZDU0LWWHUQDFKW'HUVWHUQHQEHUVlWH+LPPHOKLQJ
WLHIEHUGHQVFKZDU]HQ6DQGGQHQ
Ä0LWMD³ULHIGHU6WXGHQW
'HU )DKUHU DQWZRUWHWH QLFKW =ZHL 0LQXWHQ VSlWHU
WDXFKWHHULP/LFKWNHJHODXIXQGVFKULHVFKRQYRQZHLWHP
KlQGHIXFKWHOQGÄ*HVFKDIIW:LUVLQGGD³
Ä:LHVRGD"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZ
Ä+LHUZDUHLQ&DPSHLQH5DVWVWlWWH(LQ6WFNZHLWHU«³
0LWMD WUDW DQV $XWR XQG VFKDOWHWH GLH =QGXQJ DXV (V
ZXUGHVWLOOÄ'HPQDFKVLQGZLUDXI HLQYHUODVVHQHV&DPS
JHVWR‰HQ"³IUDJWHGHU6WXGHQW
Ä*HQDX³VDJWH0LWMDKRFNWH VLFK QHEHQ GHP $XWR QLH
GHUXQG]RJHWZDVXQWHUGHP6LW]KHUYRUZREHLGDV:HUN
]HXJNOLUUWH
Ä1DXQG"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZQDFKHLQHU3DXVHÄ:DVWXQ"³
Ä1LFKWV:LUJHKHQVFKODIHQ0RUJHQIDKUHQZLUZHLWHU³
/MDFKRZOLHIHLQ6WFNYRUDQXQGYHUVXFKWHLP6FKHLQ
ZHUIHUOLFKW6SXUHQHLQHVYHUODVVHQHQ/DJHUV]XHQWGHFNHQ
VDKDEHUQXUGLHEOLFKHPLNURVNRSLVFKH:VWHQODQGVFKDIW
± ZLH 0RLUH VFKLOOHUQGHU 6DQG PLW VSlUOLFKHQ 6WUlXFKHUQ
GDUDXI GLH JLJDQWLVFKH 6FKDWWHQ ZDUIHQ XQG HLQ SDDU
0RKQEOWHQ GLH MHW]W VFKZDU] HUVFKLHQHQ $OOHV ZHLWHUH
YHUEDUJGLH'XQNHOKHLW
(U NHKUWH ]XP )DKU]HXJ ]XUFN XQG OLH‰ VLFK HUVFK|SIW
DXIGHP7ULWWEUHWWQLHGHU(UKDWWHZHGHUGLH.UDIWVLFK]X
HPS|UHQ QRFK 0LWMD ]X EHVFKLPSIHQ RGHU 5DWVFKOlJH ]X
HUWHLOHQ
Ä:HU ZLOO NDQQ LP $XWR VFKODIHQ ,FK VFKODIH LP )UHL
HQ³HUNOlUWH0LWMD]RJXQWHUGHP6LW]HLQ6WFN-XUWHQILO]
KHUYRUXQGZDUIHVDXIGLH(UGH(LJHQWOLFKEHQDJWHHVLKP
JDU QLFKW GUDX‰HQ ]X VFKODIHQ GRFK LP $XWR KlWWHQ VLH
QLFKWDOOHGUHL3ODW]JHKDEW0LWMDEDQGGHQ7VFKHOHNYRP
5FNVLW] ORV XQG JR‰ :DVVHU LQ GHQ 7HHNHVVHO 'HU 6WX
GHQW NURFK LQGHVVHQ LP 'XQNHOQ XPKHU EUDFK 6DN
VDXO]ZHLJH IU GDV )HXHU XQG WUXJ VLH DQ HLQHU 6WHOOH LP
6FKHLQZHUIHUOLFKW]XVDPPHQ
$XV GHU )LQVWHUQLV GUDQJ VHLQH 6WLPPH KHUEHU Ä'LH
:VWHQEHZRKQHU]LHKHQHVYRUQDFKWVXQWHUZHJV]XVHLQ
ZHQQPDQVLFKNUlIWLJIKOWGLH6WHUQHKRFKREHQVWHKHQ
GDV :DVVHU ZHQLJHU NRVWEDU XQG GHU 6DQG IHVWHU LVW 6LH
VLQG DEHU DXFK VHKU SHGDQWLVFK XQG ZHLFKHQ QLHPDOV YRQ
HLQHP.DUDZDQHQZHJDE'LHVH9RUVLFKWKDWVLFKLQ-DKU
KXQGHUWHQKHUDXVJHELOGHW³
0HLQ*RWWLVWGHUEHVFKUlQNWGDFKWH/MDFKRZDSDWKLVFK
6FKZDW]WGDKHUDOVZlUHHUDXIHLQHU([NXUVLRQLQ6RNRO
QLNL(UKDWHWZDV6FKL]RLGHVDQVLFK
0LWMDXQGGHU6WXGHQWEHJDQQHQHLQHQ6WUHLWGDUEHUZLH
HVPRUJHQZHLWHUJHKHQVROOH'HU6WXGHQWVFKOXJYRU]XP
8VERL ]XUFN]XNHKUHQ 0LWMD KLQJHJHQ VFKZRU HU KDEH
VLFKDQGHQ:HJYRQ3URIHVVRU5HGNLQJHKDOWHQXQGZHQQ
HUGDYRQDEJHNRPPHQVHLVRQXUDXIGHP7DN\U
(UEHKDXSWHWHIHOVHQIHVWVRQVWGLHJDQ]H=HLWULFKWLJJH
IDKUHQ ]X VHLQ /MDFKRZ PLVFKWH VLFK QLFKW LQ GHQ 6WUHLW
HLQVHLQH0HLQXQJLQWHUHVVLHUWHDXFKNHLQHQ
6LH HQWIDFKWHQ HLQ )HXHU 'DV WURFNHQH 6DNVDXOJHVWUSS
HQW]QGHWHVLFKVRIRUWGLH)ODPPHQORGHUWHQDXI]QJHO
WHQ KRFK JOHLFK GDUDXI URFK HV QDFK 5DXFK $OOH VHW]WHQ
VLFK XPV )HXHU XQG ZDUWHWHQ GDUDXI GD‰ GDV :DVVHU ]X
VLHGHQ EHJDQQ 'HU 6WXGHQW VFKWWHWH =ZLHEDFN DXI HLQH
=HLWXQJ 0LWMD VWU]WH VLFK JLHULJ GDUDXI XQG PDPSIWH
JHUlXVFKYROO $XFK GHU 'RNWRU OHKQWH GLHVPDO GHQ =ZLH
EDFNQLFKWDE(UKDWWH+XQJHUXQGDX‰HU:RGNDXQG7HH
KDWWHQHUXQG0LWMDQLFKWVPHKUGD


%HLPHUVWHQ6FKHLQGHU'lPPHUXQJVSUDQJ0LWMDDXIGLH
%HLQH 'HU +XQJHU KDWWH LKQ PXQWHU JHPDFKW 'LH (UGH
ZDUQRFK ZDUP ,QGHQ1LHGHUXQJHQ]ZLVFKHQGHQ6DQG
GQHQ KHUUVFKWH QlFKWOLFKHV +DOEGXQNHO QXU GHU +LPPHO
VFKLPPHUWH VFKZDFK JUQOLFK XQG GLH 6WHUQH VFKPRO]HQ
GDKLQZLHWDXHQGH(LVVWFNFKHQDXIGHP:DVVHU
8PVLFKZDUP]XPDFKHQOLHI0LWMDORVGLH*HJHQG]X
HUNXQGHQ,KPZDUNODUGD‰HUQLFKWV(UIUHXOLFKHVHUEOLN
NHQ ZUGH GHQQRFK KRIIWH HU DXI LUJHQG HWZDV (U HQW
IHUQWH VLFK ]LHPOLFK ZHLW YRP $XWR XQG PDFKWH HLQHQ
ZHLWHQ %RJHQ EHU GLH 6DQGGQHQ 1LUJHQGV HLQH 6SXU ±
ZHGHU YRQ HLQHP $XWR QRFK YRQ HLQHP 0HQVFKHQ QRFK
YRQHLQHP.DPHO
1LFKWVDOV6DQGGQHQ«
(LQI|UPLJH YLROHWWH +|FNHU NDOWHQ 6DQGHV (LQI|UPLJH
+DOEPRQGH QDFK GHP :HVWHQ KLQ XQG |VWOLFKHUVHLWV HLQ
PlFKWLJHU 6WHLOKDQJ 'DV HLQI|UPLJH 6SLHO GHV :LQGHV
.PPHUOLFKH 9HJHWDWLRQ :ROOJUDV KDOEHUVWLFNWH 6DO]
NUDXW]ZHLJHGLHKLHUXQGGDDXVGHP 6DQG VSLH‰WHQ 'DV
LVWGLH:VWHLKU5HLFKLKUHWRWH)HLHUOLFKNHLW
$OV 0LWMD ]XP $XWR ]XUFNNHKUWH VD‰ GHU 6WXGHQW DXI
GHP7ULWWEUHWWXQGULHEVLFKPLWYHU]RJHQHP0XQG KHIWLJ
:DQJHQ XQG 6WLUQ PLW HLQHP :DWWHEDXVFK DE GHU PLW
.|OQLVFKZDVVHU JHWUlQNW ZDU (LQ SDDU 6FKULWW YRQ LKP
HQWIHUQWVWDQG/MDFKRZPLWYHUELVVHQHPYRU.lOWHEOlXOL
FKHP *HVLFKW XQG YROOIKUWH LUJHQGZHOFKH ODVFKHQ $UP
EHZHJXQJHQGLH0RUJHQJ\PQDVWLNGDUVWHOOHQVROOWHQ
Ä(LQHQ VFK|QHQ JXWHQ 0RUJHQ :LH KDEHQ ZLU JHVFKOD
IHQ"³VDJWH0LWMDODXWXQGEHUWULHEHQPXQWHU
Ä+|UPDOZRLVWGHQQGDV/DJHU"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZÄ,FK
NDQQNHLQHUOHL6SXUHQHQWGHFNHQ³
Ä'DV KDEH LFK PLU DXVJHGDFKW %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK XP
,KQHQEHU1DFKWQLFKWGLH6WLPPXQJ]XYHUGHUEHQ³
0LWMD VSUDFK GDV VHKU JHODVVHQ DXV /MDFKRZ KLHOW YHU
GXW]W PLWWHQ LQ VHLQHU hEXQJ LQQH GLH $UPH VHLWZlUWV
JHEUHLWHW(LQLJH$XJHQEOLFNHHULQQHUWH HUDQGHQ JHNUHX
]LJWHQ &KULVWXV GDQQ VDQNHQ VHLQH $UPH KLOIORV KHUDE
Ä'DVKHL‰WDOVR«HLQIDFK«³
Ä(VLVWPHLQH6FKXOG%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK0HLQH³
0LWMD VFKOXJ VLFK DQ GLH %UXVW Ä%ULQJHQ 6LH PLFK XP
VFKODJHQ6LHPLFK:DVVROOLFKPDFKHQ":LUODVVHQMHW]W
GHQ0RWRUZDUPODXIHQ³
(UWUDWDQV$XWROLH‰HVDQVSULQJHQXQGPDFKWHVLFKDP
0RWRU]XVFKDIIHQ'HU6WXGHQWVFKZLHJ$XJHQVFKHLQOLFK
KDWWHHUJHZX‰WRGHUYHUPXWHWZDVIU/MDFKRZQHXZDU
$OOH GUHL EHJULIIHQ GHQ (UQVW GHU /DJH 'DV ULFKWLJVWH
ZlUH ZDKUVFKHLQOLFK JHZHVHQ DXI GHU HLJHQHQ 6SXU ]X
UFN]XIDKUHQ GRFK GDV KlWWH GLH )DKUW XP ZHLWHUH YLHU
XQG]ZDQ]LJ 6WXQGHQ YHUOlQJHUW GDV NQDSSH %HQ]LQ ZlUH
DXIJHEUDXFKW ZRUGHQ XQG VLH KlWWHQ QDFK .HUSHOL ]X
3HWXFKRZ]XUFNNHKUHQPVVHQ$X‰HUGHPORFNWHNHLQHQ
YRQ LKQHQ GLH 3HUVSHNWLYH DQ GHUVHOEHQ 6WHOOH ZLHGHU ]X
ÄVFKDOPDQHQ³ 0LWMD VFKOXJ HLQHQ ULVNDQWHUHQ 3ODQ YRU
JHQ :HVWHQ ]X IDKUHQ GRUW ZDUHQ GLH 6DQGGQHQ QLHGUL
JHU HV ZDU OHLFKWHU GXUFK]XNRPPHQ XQG EHL GHU HUVWEH
VWHQ*HOHJHQKHLWGLUHNWQDFK6GHQDE]XELHJHQ'HU8VERL
ODJLP6GHQGRUWPX‰WHQVLHKLQ
Ä1D%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFKHLQYHUVWDQGHQ"³IUDJWH0LWMD
Ä%LWWHVHKU³/MDFKRZ]XFNWHVlXHUOLFKOlFKHUQGGLH$FK
VHOQÄ,FKEHJUHLIHJDUQLFKWVPHKU³
Ä(LQV LVW NODU³ VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW Ä:LU PVVHQ VRIRUW
IDKUHQEHYRUGLH+LW]HHLQVHW]W³
:LQG NDP DXI XQG EUDFKWH PRUJHQGOLFKH )ULVFKH XQG
GHQXQYHUPHLGOLFKHQ6DQGVWDXE'LH.XSSHQGHU6DQGG
QHQ GDPSIWHQ 'LH %|HQ WULHEHQ IHLQH JHOEOLFKH 6DQG
VFKOHLHU YRQ LKQHQ KRFK VR GD‰ VLH NOHLQHQ 9XONDQHQ
JOLFKHQ $OOH IOFKWHWHQ VLFK LQV $XWR 'HU 'RNWRU
VFKOUIWH HLQHQ %HFKHU NDOWHQ 7HH XQG ]ZLVFKHQ VHLQHQ
=lKQHQNQLUVFKWH6DQG
Ä+LQWHU GHP +JHO GD PVVHQ %OXPHQ VHLQ HLQ 0HHU
YRQ %OXPHQ³ VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW (U KDWWH VLFK DXV GHP
$XWRJHOHKQWXQGVRJJHUlXVFKYROOGLH/XIWHLQ$XVVHLQHU
6WLPPHNODQJ6HKQVXFKWQDFKGLHVHP%OXPHQPHHUGDVHU
KLQWHU VLFK OLH‰ Ä'HU 'XIW YRQ /LOLHQ ± VSUHQ 6LH LKQ"
:HQQHVYLHOHVLQGGXIWHQVLHVWDUNXQGEHWlXEHQG³8QG
QDFKNXU]HP6FKZHLJHQIXKUHUIRUWÄ(VLVWLPPHUWUDXULJ
VLFK YRQ HLQHP 2UW ]X WUHQQHQ DQ GHP PDQ EHUQDFKWHW
RGHU HLQ SDDU 6WXQGHQ YHUEUDFKW KDW 6HOEVW YRQ GLHVHU
HUElUPOLFKHQ 6HQNH GHP /DJHUIHXHU GHP %OXPHQGXIW
KLQWHU GHP +JHO +LHU EOHLEW HWZDV YRQ PLU ]XUFN +D
EHQ6LHQLFKWDXFKVRHLQ*HIKO"³
Ä,FK QLFKW³ VDJWH /MDFKRZ PLW ]XVDPPHQJHELVVHQHQ
=lKQHQ XQG IJWH QDFK HLQHU 3DXVH KLQ]X Ä6LH VLQG HLQ
VHOWVDPHU 0HQVFK ZHL‰ *RWW :LU PVVHQ GDUEHU QDFK
GHQNHQ ZLH ZLU DXV GLHVHP HUElUPOLFKHQ 7DONHVVHO KHU
DXVNRPPHQ XQG EHUKDXSW OHEHQG DQNRPPHQ 6LH DEHU
«³
Ä:LU EOHLEHQ DP /HEHQ ZLU JHKHQ QLFKW GUDXI³ ZDUI
0LWMDIU|KOLFKHLQ
Ä6LHN|QQHQVLFKHUVHLQ%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFKGD‰ZLUZLH
GLH:LOGHQWHQKLQILQGHQ³
Ä'DVKDEHLFKVFKRQPDOJHK|UW³PXUPHOWH/MDFKRZ
,P 2VWHQ U|WHWH VLFK ]XVHKHQGV GHU +LPPHO ZlKUHQG
GHU ZHVWOLFKH +RUL]RQW GHU YRU LKQHQ ODJ QRFK LQ GlP
PHUEODXHQ1HEHOJHKOOWZDU'RFKGLH'lPPHUXQJO|VWH
VLFKUDVFKDXIXQGGHU+LPPHOZXUGHNODUXQGEODXZLH
UHLQ JHIHJW YRP :LQG 'LH 6WUlXFKHU HUJOKWHQ XQWHU GHQ
HUVWHQ6WUDKOHQGHU6DQGDXIGHQ$QK|KHQOHXFKWHWH SXU
SXUQ XQG 0LWMDV 1DFNHQ XQG 2KUHQ ZDUHQ SO|W]OLFK YRQ
URWHP /LFKW EHUJRVVHQ %HL GHU %HUJ XQG 7DOIDKUW EHU
GLH 6DQGGQHQ WDXFKWH GDV $XWR PDO LP NKOHQ 6FKDWWHQ
XQWHUPDOVFKR‰HVZLHGHUDXIHLQH.XSSHOKLQDXIXQGZDU
JDQ] YRQ IODPPHQG URWHP /LFKW XPVWUDKOW 'LH /XIW HU
ZlUPWHVLFK
%DOGVWHXHUWH0LWMDGDV)DKU]HXJJHQ6GHQ'LH'QHQ
ZXUGHQ IODFKHU ZDUHQ DEHU QDFK ZLH YRU RKQH /HEHQ
1LFKWV HULQQHUWH KLHU DQ GLH $QZHVHQKHLW YRQ 0HQVFKHQ
'LH 6RQQH JOLWW LPPHU K|KHU GDV %ODX GHV +LPPHOV YHU
EOD‰WHGHU7DJVRJVLFKYROO+LW]H
'DV $XWR IXKU MHW]W VHKU ODQJVDP EHU GLH XQEHUKUWH
)OlFKH LP 6FKQLWW ]Z|OI 6WXQGHQNLORPHWHU $OOH GUHL
VFKZLHJHQYRQ8QUXKHHUIOOWXQGKXQJULJ1DFKZLHYRU
KLHOW 0LWMD KlXILJ DQ HUNORPP HLQH KRKH 'QH XQG EH
WUDFKWHWH GHQ +RUL]RQW 6RGDQQ NHKUWH HU VFKZHLJHQG
]XUFNXQGVLHIXKUHQZHLWHU
/MDFKRZ ZXUGH YRP 5DXFKHQ DXI QFKWHUQHQ 0DJHQ
EHO XQG HU EHVFKOR‰ HV ]X XQWHUODVVHQ YHUJD‰ HV DEHU
MHGHVPDOZLHGHUXQG]RJ DXWRPDWLVFK HLQH QHXH =LJDUHWWH
KHUDXV
*HJHQ 0LWWDJ OHJWHQ VLH HLQH 3DXVH HLQ 6LH D‰HQ GHQ
=ZLHEDFNGHV6WXGHQWHQDXI XQG GLH OHW]WH *XUNH GLH VLH
LQ GUHL 6WFNH WHLOWHQ :lKUHQG /MDFKRZ XQG 0LWMD LP
6DQGOLHJHQG DXVUXKWHQVFKOHQGHUWH GHU 6WXGHQW EHU GLH
'QHQXQGKLHOWQDFKHWZDV$XVVFKDX
Ä6HKWHXFKGDV'LQJDQ³HUW|QWHVHLQH6WLPPHSO|W]OLFK
ODXW KLQWHU HLQHP +JHO (U NDP KHUDQ LQ GHU +DQG HLQ
U|WOLFKHV(WZDVYRQGHU*U|‰H HLQHUNOHLQHQ =XFNHUPHOR
QH Ä'DV KDEH LFK QHEHQ HLQHP 6DNVDXOVWUDXFK DXVJHJUD
EHQ³
/MDFKRZ VFKLHOWH QXU KLQ RKQH VLFK ]X EHZHJHQ XQG
0LWMDIUDJWHIDXOÄ.DQQPDQGDVIUHVVHQ"³
'HU6WXGHQWVFKWWHOWHHUQVWGHQ.RSIÄ1HLQNDXP$X
JHQVFKHLQOLFKLVWGDVHLQ6FKPDURW]HUGHV6DNVDXOV³
(U SXW]WH HLIULJ GHQ 6DQG DE XQG EHWUDFKWHWH VHLQHQ
)XQG Ä-D GDV LVW ]ZHLIHOORV HLQ 6FKPDURW]HU %LWWH ±
]XUFNJHELOGHWH%OlWWHU(LQKRFKLQWHUHVVDQWHV([HPSODU³
(U OHJWH GLH 3IODQ]H LQV $XWR XQG QRWLHUWH HWZDV LQ VHL
QHP %FKOHLQ 'LH OHW]WHQ 6WXQGHQ VHLQHV /HEHQV ZDUHQ
YRQ GHU )UHXGH EHU HLQHQ XQJHZ|KQOLFKHQ )XQG HUKHOOW
GDFKWH/MDFKRZ
$EHUPDOVEHZHJWHVLFKGHU:DJHQKROSHUQGXQGVFKQDX
IHQG LP 6FKLOGNU|WHQWHPSR JHQ 6GHQ :DV IU HLQH 8Q
PHQJH YRQ 6FKLOGNU|WHQ 6LH ZlUPWHQ VLFK LQ GHU 6RQQH
LKUH IODVFKHQJUQHQ 3DQ]HU JOlQ]WHQ (LQLJH ZXUGHQ YRQ
GHQ 5lGHUQ GHV Ä*DVLN³ EHUUROOW XQG LQ GHQ 6DQG JH
GUFNW 6HQJHQGH *OXW 6lPWOLFKHV 8QJH]LHIHU ZDU DXV
VHLQHQ +|KOHQ JHNURFKHQ ± (LGHFKVHQ KXVFKWHQ XPKHU
KLHUXQGGDVD‰HQDOVGXQNOH )OHFNH .lIHUHLQH6FKODQJH
JOLWWKXUWLJEHUHLQH6DQGGQHXQGYHUVFKZDQG1XUHLQH
6WDXGHHUEHEWHQRFKOHLFKW«

1DFKHLQ]ZHL6WXQGHQHUEOLFNWH0LWMDLQGHU)HUQHHLQ
.DPHO'LH%HLQH]XP'UHLHFNJHVSUHL]WKREHVVLFKZLH
HLQWULJRQRPHWULVFKHV=HLFKHQDXIGHP.DPPHLQHU'QH
DE 6LH IXKUHQ QRFK HLQ 6WFN ZHLWHU XQG VDKHQ GDQQ HLQ
]ZHLWHVHLQGULWWHV«'HU6DQGHQGHWHEHUUDVFKHQGXQG
YRULKQHQODJHLQULHVLJHUEOHQGHQGZHL‰HU7DN\U
$P5DQGHGHU6DQGIOlFKH UDJWHVFKZDU]HLQH -XUWH DXI
XPJHEHQ YRQ .DPHOHQ (V ZDUHQ YLHOH GRFK MHGHV VWDQG
LUJHQGZLHIUVLFKZLHQDFKGHQNOLFKHUVWDUUW'DV)HOOGHU
7LHUH ZDU VFKWWHU XQG DXVJHEOLFKHQ GLH 5FNHQ JOLFKHQ
YHUVWDXEWHQ DOWHQ 6RIDV DXV GHQHQ GLH )OOXQJ EVFKHO
ZHLVHKHUDXVTXLOOW8QGGRFKZDUHQHVOHEHQGLJH.DPHOH
EHLGHQHQ0HQVFKHQVHLQPX‰WHQ
0LWMD OHQNWH GDV )DKU]HXJ EHKXWVDP ]XU -XUWH XP GLH
7LHUH QLFKW ]X HUVFKUHFNHQ 9RU GHP (LQJDQJ ODJHQ LP
6FKDWWHQ ]ZHL NUlIWLJH WXUNPHQLVFKH +WHKXQGH PLW
VFKPXW]LJZHL‰HPJHULQJHOWHP)HOO,KUH)ODQNHQJLQJHQ
VFKZHUYRQGHU +LW]H DXV GHQ DXIJHVSHUUWHQ 5DFKHQ KLQ
JHQ GLH ZLH 0HORQHQ URVLJHQ =XQJHQ $XV LUJHQGHLQHP
*UXQGEHOOWHQGLH+XQGHQLFKW
0LWMDVFKULWWYRUVLFKWLJDXIGHQ-XUWHQHLQJDQJ]XZREHL
HUGHQ+XQGHQHLQVFKPHLFKHOQG]XOlFKHOWHXQG]ZLQNHUWH
'HU 6WXGHQW IROJWH LKP 'LH +XQGH UKUWHQ VLFK QLFKW
0LWMD XQG GHU 6WXGHQW NURFKHQ XQJHKLQGHUW GXUFK GLH
GXQNOH gIIQXQJ GLH ]XU +lOIWH PLW HLQHP 7HSSLFK YHU
KlQJWZDU
*OHLFK GDUDXI YHUQDKP /MDFKRZ 0LWMDV 6WLPPH Ä%RULV
,ZDQRZLWVFK+LHUKHU³
/MDFKRZEHWUDWGLH-XUWH6RJOHLFKXPILQJLKQ+DOEGXQ
NHO LQ GHP VLFK GLH HZLJHQ *HUFKH GHV +LUWHQOHEHQV
VWDXWHQ ± GHU *HUXFK YRQ 6FKDIZROOH 5DXFK XQG 6DXHU
PLOFK 'XUFK GLH 5LW]HQ GHV 'DFKHV ILHOHQ VFKUlJ GLH
6RQQHQVWUDKOHQ HLQ $XI HLQHU )LO]PDWWH ODJ HLQ *UHLV LP
NXU]HQ &KDODW >RULHQWDOLVFKHU ZHLWHU 0DQWHO $QP G
hEHUV @ QHEHQ LKP VWDQGHQ ]ZHL 6FKVVHOQ ± HLQH PLW
:DVVHUGLHDQGHUHPLW7VFKDOVDXUHU.DPHOPLOFK
Ä:DVLVWPLWLKP"³IUDJWH/MDFKRZ
Ä:HL‰ GHU 7HXIHO (U VDJW QLFKW PXK QRFK PlK³ DQW
ZRUWHWH 0LWMD XQG IJWH ODXW KLQ]X Ä-DVFKDQ :LH NRP
PHQZLUQDFK-DVFKDQ":LUPVVHQQDFK-DVFKDQ³
(UZLHGHUKROWHHVDXIWXUNPHQLVFK'HU$OWHULFKWHWHVLFK
KDOEDXIXQGPDFKWHHLQHPDWWH+DQGEHZHJXQJGLHRIIHQ
EDUGLH5LFKWXQJEH]HLFKQHQVROOWH
Ä'DVZLVVHQZLUDXFKVR³EUXPPWH0LWMD
Ä'HU $OWH DWPHW NDXP QRFK (U JLEW VHLQHQ *HLVW DXI
VDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW KDOEODXW Ä8QG 6LH EHKHOOLJHQ LKQ PLW
-DVFKDQ³
Ä1LFKW GRFK HU LVW HLQIDFK NUDQN 9LHOOHLFKW KDW HU GLH
3HVW«:DVPHLQHQ6LH%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK"³
/MDFKRZ OLH‰ VLFK DXI HLQ .QLH QLHGHU XQG HUJULII GLH
+DQGGHV$OWHQXPLKPGHQ3XOV]XIKOHQ
Ä6R HLQ 3HFK³ 0LWMD VSXFNWH lUJHUOLFK DXV Ä(LQIDFK
]XP.RW]HQZDVZLUIU3HFKKDEHQ³
:lKUHQG /MDFKRZ GHP *UHLV GHQ 3XOV IKOWH QDKP
0LWMDGLH6FKVVHOPLW7VFKDO DXI (U KLHOW VLH PLW EHLGHQ
+lQGHQ ZLH HLQH ULHVLJH 6FKDOH XQG EHJDQQ ODXW VFKPDW
]HQG XQG VFKOUIHQG ]X WULQNHQ ,P 1X KDWWH HU GLH KDOEH
6FKVVHO JHOHHUW XQG UHLFKWH VLH VFKQDXIHQG DQ GHQ 6WX
GHQWHQ ZHLWHU GRFK GD JDE /MDFKRZ LQ NQDSSHP %H
IHKOVWRQ GLH $QZHLVXQJ Ä/D‰W GDV MHW]W 7UDJW LKQ DQV
/LFKW³
0LWMDID‰WHGHQ+LUWHQXQWHUGLH$FKVHOQ'HU$OWH]DS
SHOWHYHU]ZHLIHOWXQGYHUVXFKWHVLFKDXIGLH0DWWH]XUFN
IDOOHQ]XODVVHQ6LHVFKOHSSWHQLKQGHQQRFKLQV)UHLHXQG
VHW]WHQLKQPLWGHP5FNHQJHJHQGLH-XUWHJHOHKQWKLQ
Ä(UKDWHLQgGHPDQGHUOLQNHQ:DQJHVHKWLKU"³VDJWH
/MDFKRZÄ:DKUVFKHLQOLFKKDWHUHLQH3KOHJPRQHLP+DOV
'DKHU GDV )LHEHU XQG GHU 6FKWWHOIURVW XQG GHQ 0XQG
NULHJWHUDXFKQLFKWDXI«2EHU'|UUILVFKJHJHVVHQKDW"
+DVW GX %DO\N JHJHVVHQ" *LEåV ]X³ 'HU $OWH ]ZLQNHUWH
RKQH]XDQWZRUWHQPLWWUlQHQGHQ$XJHQ
Ä(U NDQQ VLFK DXFK PLW HWZDV DQGHUP JHULW]W KDEHQ
0DFKW QLFKWV $WD >9DWHU $QP G hEHUV @ HV ZLUG DOOHV
ZLHGHUJXW(LQHQ$XJHQEOLFN*HGXOG$WD«³0LWVFKDU
IHP%OLFNVWXGLHUWH/MDFKRZGDVYRQ)DOWHQGXUFK]RJHQH
EUlXQOLFK JOlQ]HQGH *HVLFKW GHV *UHLVHV GDV QLFKWV DOV
6FKUHFNHQ YHUULHW 'HU $OWH VFKWWHOWH GHQ .RSI XQG IO
VWHUWHGLH/LSSHQEHZHJHQGHWZDV8QGHXWOLFKHV
Ä:DV VDJW HU"³ IUDJWH GHU 6WXGHQW GHVVHQ *HVLFKW DXV
0LWOHLG PLW GHP $OWHQ HEHQIDOOV HLQHQ HUVFKURFNHQHQ
$XVGUXFNDQJHQRPPHQKDWWH
Ä6RKQ JHJDQJHQ QDFK -DVFKDQ JHJDQJHQ³ IOVWHUWH GHU
$OWH
0LWMDEHXJWHVLFK]XLKPKLQDEXQGIUDJWHODXWHWZDVDXI
WXUNPHQLVFK
Ä1DFK'RNWRUJHJDQJHQ«-DVFKDQ'RNWRU«³
Ä'DKDVWGXHLQHQ'RNWRU(ULVW'RNWRU³HUNOlUWH0LWMD
Ä-DVFKDQ'RNWRU«-DVFKDQ'RNWRU«³'HU$OWHVFKW
WHOWHGHQ.RSIÄ*XWHU'RNWRU³
Ä6HLQ 6RKQ LVW GHPQDFK QDFK -DVFKDQ JHIDKUHQ GHQ
'RNWRU KROHQ =X ,KQHQ DOVR %RULV ,ZDQRZLWVFK³ VDJWH
0LWMDODFKHQGÄ2ZHK(UJODXEWQLFKWGD‰6LHGHU'RN
WRUVLQG%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK*ODXEVWHVQLFKW$WD"³0LWMD
EOLFNWHIU|KOLFKYHUZXQGHUWEDOGGHQ*UHLV EDOG /MDFKRZ
DQ GHU EHUHLWV VHLQ .|IIHUFKHQ PLW GHQ ,QVWUXPHQWHQ DXV
GHP $XWR JHKROW KDWWH Ä(U LVW GRFK GHU 'RNWRU GHQ GHU
6RKQKROHQZLOO.DSLHUW"³
Ä-RN MRN >QHLQ@ -DVFKDQ 'RNWRU «³ OLVSHOWH GHU $OWH
XQEHLUUW
Ä(U JODXEW HV HLQIDFK QLFKW³ 0LWMD ODFKWH VFKDOOHQG
Ä$EHUZHQQLFKGLUHUNOlUHGX'XPPNRSI«³
Ä6FKZHLJHQ 6LH³ VDJWH /MDFKRZ VFKDUI Ä%ULQJHQ 6LH
PLUOLHEHUHLQH6FKVVHO:DVVHUDQVWDWW]XUDGHEUHFKHQ³
0LWMDZDUDXJHQEOLFNOLFKVWLOOXQGVWU]WHGDYRQXPGHU
$QZHLVXQJ QDFK]XNRPPHQ (U ZX‰WH GD‰ PLW /MDFKRZ
EHL GHU $UEHLW QLFKW ]X VSD‰HQ ZDU /MDFKRZV JHELHWHUL
VFKHU 7RQ XQG VHLQH (QWVFKLHGHQKHLW ZLUNWHQ DXI GHQ
*UHLVXQGHUOHLVWHWHMHW]WNHLQHQ:LGHUVWDQGPHKUDOVGHU
'RNWRU LKP GHQ .RSI QDFK KLQWHQ ERJ XQG PLW NUlIWLJHQ
)LQJHUQGHQ0XQG|IIQHWH1DFKHLQHP%OLFNLQGHQ+DOV
ZLVFKWH /MDFKRZ PLW HLQHU UDVFKHQ URXWLQLHUWHQ %HZH
JXQJGDV6NDOSHOOPLWlWKHUJHWUlQNWHU:DWWHDEGUHKWHDXV
WURFNHQHU:DWWHHLQHQ7DPSRQXQGVWOSWHLKQIHVWDXIGLH
.OLQJHZREHLHUQXUGLH6SLW]HIUHLOLH‰
'HU 6WXGHQW ZDQGWH VLFK DE ZlKUHQG 0LWMD LQWHUHVVLHUW
GLH 2SHUDWLRQ YHUIROJWH 6LH GDXHUWH NHLQH 0LQXWH ± GHU
$OWH NDP QLFKW HLQPDO GD]X ]X lFK]HQ DOV DXFK VFKRQ
DOOHV YRUEHL ZDU XQG HU PLW DXIJHULVVHQHQ $XJHQ (LWHU
VSXFNWH
(LQH 9LHUWHOVWXQGH VSlWHU JLQJ HV GHP *UHLV PHUNOLFK
EHVVHU ± HU HUKRE VLFK OlFKHOWH OLHI XPKHU XQG JXUJHOWH
JHKRUVDP PLW :DVVHU XQG 6RGD ZLH GHU 'RNWRU HV YHU
ODQJWH 8QG QDFK HLQHU KDOEHQ 6WXQGH /MDFKRZ XQG GHU
6WXGHQW KDWWHQ VLFK DQ 7VFKDO VDWWJHWUXQNHQ XQG 0LWMD
KDWWH GHQ .KOHU DXIJHIOOW HUERW HU VLFK GLH *lVWH ]XP
:HJ QDFK -DVFKDQ ]X EULQJHQ 'HU 'RNWRU ZDU GDJHJHQ
XQG PHLQWH GHU $OWH PVVH OLHJHQ 'D GHU $OWH GHQ :HJ
DEHUQLFKWPLW:RUWHQHUNOlUHQNRQQWHZXUGHEHVFKORVVHQ
LKQ PLW]XQHKPHQ XQG GDQQ ZLHGHU ]XU -XUWH ]XUFN]X
EULQJHQ
'HU$OWHVWOSWHVLFKGHQ7HOSHNGLHKRKH6FKDIIHOOPW
]H DXI VFKODQJ HLQ VFKPXW]LJHV :DIIHOKDQGWXFK XP VHL
QHQ&KDODWXQGQDKPQHEHQ0LWMD3ODW]'HU'RNWRUVWHOOWH
VLFK DXIV 7ULWWEUHWW 6LH ZDUHQ HWZD VHFKV .LORPHWHU EHU
GHQ 7DN\U JHIDKUHQ DOV GHU $OWH JHERW DQ]XKDOWHQ
Ä-DVFKDQ³VDJWHHUXQGZLHVQDFK6GRVWHQ
hEHUGLHDXVJHWURFNQHWHYRQGHU+LW]HULVVLJJHZRUGHQH
(UGHIKUWHHLQH$XWRVSXU0LWMDZHQGHWHGHQ:DJHQXQG
MDJWH]XU-XUWH]XUFNÄ1D$WDJODXEVWGXQXQGD‰HUHLQ
'RNWRULVW"³IUDJWHHU]XP$EVFKLHG
'HU $OWH VDK /MDFKRZ YHUOHJHQ DQ Ä-DVFKDQ 'RNWRU
JUR‰H 'RNWRU³ VDJWH HU OHLVH XQG IJWH /MDFKRZV +DQG
GUFNHQGEHVFKZLFKWLJHQGKLQ]XÄ'XDXFKJXWH'RNWRU³
$OOH ODFKWHQ DXFK GHU $OWH GHU VHLQH VlXJOLQJVKDIW
]DKQORVHQ.LHIHU]HLJWH
'HUÄ*DVLN³VDXVWHPXQWHUDXIGHUHLJHQHQ6SXU]XUFN
1RFKODQJHVDKHQVLHGLHGXQNOH*HVWDOWGHV+LUWHQXQGMH
ZHLWHU VLH VLFK HQWIHUQWHQ GHVWR PDMHVWlWLVFKHU ZLUNWH VLH
LQIROJH HLQHU VHOWVDPHQ RSWLVFKHQ 7lXVFKXQJ YRU GHP
+LQWHUJUXQG GHV YRQ 6DO] XQG 6RQQH ZHL‰HQ :VWHQ
WDN\UV
0LWMD HUNDQQWH GHQ :HJ ± HV ZDU GHUVHOEH DXI GHP HU
HLQ-DKU]XYRU3URIHVVRU5HGNLQJHIDKUHQKDWWHÄ,FKVDJH
HVGRFK:LUVLQGULFKWLJJHIDKUHQ ,FK KDEH HLQ DX‰HUJH
Z|KQOLFKHV*HGlFKWQLV³
$XFK GHU 'RNWRU OHEWH DXI XQG ILQJ ZLHGHU DXI VHLQH
EUXPPLJH$UWDQ0LWMD]XIRSSHQXQG]XEHOHKUHQÄ'DV
ODJ QLFKW DP 7DN\U VRQGHUQ DQ ,KUHP /HLFKWVLQQ 'LH
:VWHPDJ/HLFKWIHUWLJHQLFKWPHUNHQ6LHVLFKGDV³
'HU 6WXGHQW VD‰ VFKZHLJHQG GD (U GDFKWH DQ GLH IOHL
VFKLJH 3IODQ]H PLW GHQ ]XUFNJHELOGHWHQ %OlWWHUQ GLH HU
KHXWH GHU *HRERWDQLNHULQ /LGD 1DVDURZD ]HLJHQ ZUGH
/LGD ZLUG QDWUOLFK DEVWUHLWHQ GD‰ GDV HLQ 6FKPDURW]HU
GHV 6DNVDXOV LVW 6LH LVW LPPHU DQGHUHU 0HLQXQJ HLQ XQ
P|JOLFKHU=DQNWHXIHO
'DV $XWR UDVWH PLW +|FKVWJHVFKZLQGLJNHLW EHU GHQ
7DN\U+HL‰HU:LQGZLUEHOWHLQV:DJHQLQQHUHXQGVFKOHX
GHUWHLKQHQVWLFNLJHQ6DO]VWDXELQV*HVLFKW'DV %ODX GHV
+LPPHOV EOHQGHWH GLH $XJHQ GLH YRU +LW]H JOKHQGH
)HUQH YLEULHUWH XQG DP +RUL]RQW IOLPPHUWH HLQH )DWD
0RUJDQD ± %lXPFKHQ HLQ KHOOHU :DVVHUVWUHLIHQ 6WXQGH
XP6WXQGHMDJWHGDV$XWREHUGHQ7DN\UXQGGLH%lXP
FKHQ WDQ]WHQ LPPHU QRFK DP +RUL]RQW RKQH QlKHU ]X
NRPPHQ RGHU VLFK ]X HQWIHUQHQ 8QJODXEKDIW GD‰ GLHVHU
=DXEHUZDOGGXUFKGDVNPPHUOLFKH*HVWUSSKHUYRUJHUX
IHQZXUGHGDVKLHUXQGGDDXIGHP7DN\UZXFKV
$OV VLH GHQ 8VERL GXUFKTXHUWHQ HUNDQQWH /MDFKRZ GHQ
:HJZLHGHU'RFKVHOWVDP±HUHPSIDQGNHLQH)UHXGHGD‰
GLH)DKUWVLFKHLQHPJOFNOLFKHQ(QGHQlKHUWH*OHLFKP
WLJXQGUXKLJGDFKWHHUGDUDQGD‰HUGLHVHVDUPHYRQGHU
+LW]H DXVJHG|UUWH /DQG PLW DOO VHLQHU %LWWHUQLV GHU
6FKZOHGHP6DO]GHUHQGORVHQ:HLWHGHQ )DWD0RUJD
QDV XQG GHU PHQVFKOLFKHQ +DUWQlFNLJNHLW QLH YHUODVVHQ
ZUGH ,UJHQG HWZDV YHUEDQG LKQ XQVLFKWEDU XQG IHVW PLW
DOOGHP:DQQGDVHLQJHWUHWHQZDUOLH‰VLFKQLFKWIHVWVWHO
OHQ -HGHQIDOOV ZUGH HU QLFKW ZHJIDKUHQ HEHQVR ZLH
6DZWVFKHQNR 3HWXFKRZV ([SHGLWLRQ QLFKW YHUODVVHQ XQG
GHUURWZDQJLJH6WXGHQWQLFKWIDKUHQZUGHREZRKOHUHLQ
IUHLHU 0HQVFK ZDU XQG MHGHU]HLW QDFK $VFKFKDEDG DEUHL
VHQ XQG YLHUXQG]ZDQ]LJ 6WXQGHQ VSlWHU LQ 0RVNDX VHLQ
N|QQWH
/MDFKRZVWHOOWHVLFKYRUZLHYLHO$UEHLWVLFKLQGHQ]ZHL
:RFKHQLP/DJHUDQJHKlXIWKDWWHXQGLKPZXUGHVFKZHU
XPV +HU] LP 9RUJHIKO XQDXVEOHLEOLFKHU 6RUJHQ 'HU
$XVEDX GHV PHGL]LQLVFKHQ 6WW]SXQNWHV ZDU EHVWLPPW
DXFKQLFKWHLQ6WFNYRUDQJHVFKULWWHQ/MDFKRZV+HOIHULQ
GLHMXQJH6FKZHVWHU5RVDZDU]XXQHUIDKUHQXQGZLOOHQV
VFKZDFK XP EHLP ([SHGLWLRQVOHLWHU /HXWH XQG 0DWHULDO
]X HUNlPSIHQ LKQ WlJOLFK ]X EHODJHUQ ]X IRUGHUQ ]X
GURKHQ]XYHUKDQGHOQXQGRKQHGDVZUGHVLFKGHU$XV
EDX QRFK ]ZHL ZHLWHUH 0RQDWH KLQ]LHKHQ =XU ,PSIXQJ
KDWWH VLH VLFK VLFKHUOLFK DXFK QLFKW HQWVFKOLH‰HQ N|QQHQ
$OOGDVZUGHMHW]WDXIVHLQHQ6FKXOWHUQODVWHQ
0LW 8QEHKDJHQ GDFKWH /MDFKRZ DQ 5RVDV $UW LKQ PLW
LKUHQQDLYHQVFKZDU]HQ$XJHQDQ]XVWDUUHQXQGGDEHLZLH
HLQ 0lGFKHQ KHIWLJ ]X ]ZLQNHUQ 5RVD ZDU PLW LKUHQ
DFKWXQG]ZDQ]LJ -DKUHQ EHLOHLEH NHLQ NOHLQHV 0lGFKHQ
PHKUGRFKDEXQG]XJDEVLHVLFKYHUZLUUWXQGJH]LHUW6LH
ZROOWH ZLH HLQ 0lGFKHQ ZLUNHQ GDEHL ZDU HV OlQJVW =HLW
IUVLH 0DPD ]X VHLQ 'XPP =XJHJHEHQ VLH ZDU ]LHP
OLFK KEVFK XQG VSUDFK PLW OHLFKW VGOLFKHP $N]HQW ZDV
HEHQIDOOV UHFKW DQ]LHKHQG ZLUNWH ,KU *HVLFKW ZDU GXUFK
HLQH NOHLQH 3RFNHQQDUEH PLWWHQ DXI GHU 6WLUQ OHLFKW HQW
VWHOOW 5RVD VFKlPWH VLFK VFKUHFNOLFK GHVZHJHQ $XFK
GXPP'DZDU:DVVMD6FKDUDSRZHLQKDJHUHUURWElUWLJHU
*HRORJHGHQGLH ZLQ]LJH1DUEH DXI5RVDV6WLUQQLFKWLP
PLQGHVWHQ VW|UWH ,PPHU ZHQQ HU DXV GHU :VWH ]XUFN
NHKUWHEUDFKWHHU5RVD*HVFKHQNHPLW±PDOHLQHQ6WUDX‰
7XOSHQPDOHLQHQNOHLQHQ:DUDQGHUNRPLVFK]LVFKWHXQG
E|VH GDV 0DXO DXIUL‰ ZHQQ PDQ LKP PLW GHP 6WRFN DXI
GLH 1DVH NORSIWH GDQQ ZLHGHU HLQHQ IXUFKWHLQIO|‰HQGHQ
)DOENDWHUPLWIHXULJHQ3XSLOOHQ
$EHUDOOHVYHUJHEHQV:HQQ5RVDLQ:DVVMDV*HJHQZDUW
ZHQLJVWHQV HLQPDO HUU|WHW LQ 9HUZLUUXQJ JHUDWHQ ZlUH
RGHU QDLY PLW GHQ :LPSHUQ JH]ZLQNHUW KlWWH « 'RFK
ZHQQ HV JDU QLFKW DQJHEUDFKW ZDU ZXUGH VLH VHQWLPHQWDO
*OHLFK ZUGH VLH GHP $XWR HQWJHJHQVWU]HQ XQG GHQ
7UlQHQQDKHUXIHQÄ:DVLVWSDVVLHUW%RULV,ZDQRZLWVFK"
$FKZLUKDEHQXQVMDVRDXIJHUHJW³
'LH 'lPPHUXQJ EUDFK DQ DOV GHU Ä*DVLN³ GHQ 6HH HU
UHLFKWH'HU:HJIKUWHODQJHDP8IHUHQWODQJEHYRUVLFK
LQGHU)HUQHGLH-XUWHQGHVWXUNPHQLVFKHQ$XOV]HLJWHQ
Ä2FKXQGMHW]W]ZHL7HOOHU%RUVWVFK³ VDJWH 0LWMD WUlX
PHULVFKÄ8QGGUHL3RUWLRQHQ7HIWHOL8QGGD]X«³
6LH GXUFKTXHUWHQ GHQ $XO XQG GD WDXFKWHQ DXFK VFKRQ
GLH 'lFKHU GHU 6LHGOXQJ DXI GLH 3DSSHOQ DP :DVVHU
:HL‰H +WHKXQGH GLH LQ GHU 'lPPHUXQJ QRFK ULHVLJHU
ZLUNWHQ ZDUIHQ VLFK PLW GXPPHP *HEHOO ]ZLVFKHQ GLH
5lGHU XQG MDJWHQ GDQQ KLQWHUGUHLQ (LQH *UXSSH NDP DXV
GHP*HOlQGH±YRUDQKXPSHOWHQGUHL0lQQHULKQHQIROJWH
DXI HLQHP .DPHO HLQH )UDX PLW EUHLWNUHPSLJHP KHOOHP
+XW
Ä+DOWHQ6LHELWWH³ULHIGHU6WXGHQW
0LWMDEUHPVWH'HU6WXGHQWVWLHJDXVXQGUDQQWHGHU)UDX
PLWGHPKHOOHQ+XWHQWJHJHQZREHLHULQHLQHU+DQGVHLQ
.|IIHUFKHQKLHOWXQGPLWGHUDQGHUHQGHQ6FKPDURW]HUGHV
6DNVDXOV DQ GLH %UXVW SUH‰WH /MDFKRZ ZDUWHWH GD‰ HU
VWHKHQEOHLEHQ XQG VLFK YHUDEVFKLHGHQ ZUGH 'RFK GHU
6WXGHQWEOLHEQLFKWVWHKHQ
Ä(LQH +|IOLFKNHLW LVW GDV QLFKW ]X VDJHQ « )DKU ]X
0LWMD³
'HUÄ*DVLN³UROOWHODQJVDPZHLWHU