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Workshop 9

Nonlinear Analysis

Large Deflection
Arched Beam
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
Description:

RODUCTIO
• A shallow arch is subjected to a 20,000N force at its midspan.
Determine the midspan displacement using both a linear and
nonlinear (large-deflection) analysis, then compare the results.
Material Properties and Cross
Cross-Section:
Section:

ON TO ANSYS
• EX = 210e3 MPa, PRXY = 0.3
• 25 mm x 12.5 mm rectangular cross-section

A
Loads and Boundary Conditions:
• Concentrated nodal force of 20,000 N at midspan

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Part 2
• Ends fixed in translational DOF only (pinned supports)

February 20, 2006


Inventory #002271
W9-2
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
1. Enter ANSYS in the working directory specified by your instructor using “beamarch”
as the jobname.

RODUCTIO
2
2. We recommend
W d building
b ildi the
th model
d l using
i steps
t 3-12,
3 12 bbutt if you don't
d 't wantt to,
t you may
read in the beamarch.inp input file, then skip to step 13.
– Utility Menu > File > Read input from …
– Or issue:
/input beamarch inp
/input,beamarch,inp

ON TO ANSYS
3. Define 4 keypoints in the global cylindrical system: kp1 at (1270,75), kp2 at (1270,90),
kp3 at (1270,105), kp4 at (1270sin45, 90). Kp4 is the orientation keypoint.
– Utility Menu > WorkPlane > Change Active CS to > Global Cylindrical

A
– M i Menu
Main M >P
Preprocessor > M
Modeling
d li > C
Create > K
Keypoints
i > IIn A
Active
i CS
– Utility Menu > Parameters > Angular Units ...
– Or issue:
/PREP7

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CSYS 1
CSYS,1

Part 2
K,1,1270,75
K,2,1270,90
K,3,1270,105
AFUN,DEG
*AFUN DEG
K,4,(1270*SIN(45)),90
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-3
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
4. Define lines (arcs) from keypoints 1 to 2 and keypoints 2 to 3:
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Modeling > Create > Lines > Lines > In Active Coord

RODUCTIO
– Or issue:
L,1,2
L,2,3

5. Define the element type to be BEAM189, and then define material properties
(EX=210e3 MPa, PRXY=0.3):

ON TO ANSYS
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Element Type > Add/Edit/Delete
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Material Props > Material Models: Structural – Linear – Elastic – Isotropic
– Or issue:
ET,1,BEAM189

A
MP EX 1 210E3
MP,EX,1,210E3
MP,PRXY,1,0.3

6. Constrain the UX, UY, and UZ directions at keypoints 1 and 3, and then constrain only
the UZ direction at keypoint 2:

-P
66. Main Menu > Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Displacement > On Keypoints

Part 2
– Or issue:
DK,1,UX,0,,,UY,UZ
DK,3,UX,0,,,UY,UZ
DK,2,UZ,0

February 20, 2006


Inventory #002271
W9-4
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
7. Apply a force of 20,000 N in the negative Y direction at keypoint 2:
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Loads > Define Loads > Apply > Structural > Force/Moment > On Keypoints

RODUCTIO
– Or issue:
FK,2,FY,-20000

ON TO ANSYS
ANSYS - P
Part
art 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-5
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
8. Define the beam's section properties:
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Sections > Beam > Common Sectns

RODUCTIO
• ID = 1
• Sub-Type = <rectangle>
• Offset = Centroid
• B = 25
• H = 12.5

ON TO ANSYS
• [OK]
– Or issue:
SECTYPE,1,BEAM,RECT
SECOFFSET,CENT

A
SECDATA,25,12.5

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Part 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-6
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
9. Assign attributes, including the orientation keypoint, to the lines:
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh Attributes > All Lines

RODUCTIO
• MAT = 1
• TYPE = “1 BEAM189”
• SECT = 1
• Pick Orientation Keypoint(s) = “yes”
• [
[OK]
]

ON TO ANSYS
• Pick keypoint 4, then [OK]
– Or issue:
LATT,1, ,1, ,4, ,1

A -P
Part
art 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-7
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
10. Set 10 element divisions on all lines:
– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Meshing > Size Cntrls > ManualSize > Lines > All Lines

RODUCTIO
– Or issue:
LESIZE,ALL,,,10

11. Mesh all the lines:


– Main Menu > Preprocessor > Meshing > Mesh > Lines

ON TO ANSYS
– O i
Or issue:
LMESH,ALL

12. Turn /ESHAPE on and set /EFACET to two, and then plot the elements:
– Utility Menu > PlotCtrls > Style > Size and Shape ...

A
– Or issue:
/ESHAPE,1
/EFACET,2
EPLOT

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Part 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-8
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
13. Save the database and obtain the linear solution:
– Pick the “SAVE_DB” button in the Toolbar (or select: Utility Menu > File > Save as Jobname.db)

RODUCTIO
– Main Menu > Solution > Solve > Current LS
– Or issue:
SAVE
/SOLU
SOLVE

ON TO ANSYS
14. Select node number 2 (mid-span node), then enter POST1 and print the nodal
displacements:
– Utility Menu > Select > Entities ...

A
– Main Menu > General Postproc > List Results > Nodal Solution
– Or issue:
NSEL,S,,,2
/POST1

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PRNSOL,DOF

Part 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-9
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
15. Select everything and enter the solution processor to solve the nonlinear solution:
– Utility Menu > Select > Everything

RODUCTIO
– Main Menu > Solution > Analysis Type > Sol
Sol’nn Controls
• Activate “Large Displacement Static” under Analysis Options
• Set Number of substeps = 10
• [OK]
– Main Menu > Solution > Solve > Current LS

ON TO ANSYS
– Or issue:
ALLSEL
/SOLU
NLGEOM,1

A
NSUBST,10
SOLVE

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Part 2
Convergence
g Graph
p

February 20, 2006


Inventory #002271
W9-10
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
16. List the displacement of node 2:
– Utility Menu > Select > Entities ...

RODUCTIO
– Main Menu > General Postproc > List Results > Nodal Solution
– Or issue:
NSEL,S,,,2
/POST1
PRNSOL,DOF
,

ON TO ANSYS
A -P
Part
art 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-11
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
17. Select everything and set displacement scaling to 5, then plot the UY displacement
results:

RODUCTIO
– Utilityy Menu > Select > Everything
y g
– Utility Menu > PlotCtrls > Style > Displacement Scaling … User Specified
– Main Menu > General Postproc > Plot Results > Contour Plot > Nodal Solu
– Or issue:
ALLSEL

ON TO ANSYS
/DSCALE,1,5
PLNSOL,U,Y

A -P
Part
art 2
February 20, 2006
Inventory #002271
W9-12
9. Nonlinear Analysis - Large Deflection
Arched Beam Workshop Supplement

INTRO
18. Animate the UY displacement results:
– Utility Menu > PlotCtrls > Animate > Deformed Results …

RODUCTIO
– Or issue:
ANCNTR,10,0.5

ON TO ANSYS
ANSYS - P
19. Save and exit ANSYS:
– Pick the “QUIT” button

Part 2
in the Toolbar
– Or issue:
FINISH
/EXIT

February 20, 2006


Inventory #002271
W9-13