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1. Distinguish between the items in the b.

It conducts electricity only


following pairs. when melted.
a. crystalline solid; amorphous c. It is insoluble in water and
solid conducts electricity.
b. ionic solid; molecular solid 12. Of the four general tyes of solids,
2. Which are stronger, intermolecular or which one(s)
intramolecular forces for a given a. Are generally insoluble in
molecule? What observation(s) have water.
you made that support this? Explain. b. Have very high melting points
3. Atoms are assumed to touch in closest c. Conduct electricity as solids
packed structures, yet every closest 13. Packing efficiency is defined as the
packed unit cell contains a percent of the total volume of a solid
significant amount of empty space. occupied by spherical atms. The
Why? formula is
4. Will a crystalline solid or an
amorphous solid give a simpler X-ray Packing efficieny= (volume of the
diffraction pattern? Why? atom (s) in the cell/ volume of the
5. Identify the most important types of cell) x 100
interparticle forces present in the
solids of each of the following The volume of one atom is (4/3)𝜋𝑟 3 and
substances the volume of the cell is s3.
a) Ar Calculate the packing efficiency of
b) HCl a. A simple cubic cell
c) HF b. A face- centered cubic cell
d) CaCl2
c. A body- centered cubic cell
e) CH4
14. Iron crystallizes in a body centered
f) CO
g) NaNO3 unit cell. Its atomic radius is 0.124
6. You are given a small bar of an nm. Its density is 7.86 g/ cm3. Using
unknown metal X. You find the density this information, estimate
of the metal to be 10.5 g/cm3. An X- Avogadro’s Number.
ray diffraction experiment measures 15. Kevlar, used in bulletproof vests, is
the edge of the face-centered cubic made by the condensation
unit cell as 4.09 Å. Identify X. copolymerization of the monomers
7. The radius of tungsten is 137 pm and
the density is 19.3 g/cm3. Does
elemental tungsten have a face-
centered cubic structure or a body-
centered cubic structure?
8. What type of solid will each of the 16. 16. Consider Teflon, the polymer made from
following substances form? tetrafluororthylene.
a) CO2 a. Draw a portion of the Teflon
b) SiO2 molecule.
c) Si b. Calculate the molar mass of a Teflon
d) CH4 molecule that contains 5.0 x 104 CF2
e) Ru units.
f) I2
17. The molecular weight of
g) KBr
polymethyl methacrylate is 250, 000
h) H2O
i) NaOH g/ mol. If all of the polymer chains
j) U are the same length,
k) CaCO3 a. Calculate the degree of
l) PH3 polymerization
9. You are asked to help set up a b. The number of chains in 1 g of the
historical display in the park by polymer
stacking some cannonballs next to a
Revolutionary War cannon. You are
told to stack them by starting with
a triangle in which each side is
composed of four touching
cannonballs. You are to continue
stacking them until you have a single
ball on the top centered over the
middle of the triangular base.
a) How many cannonballs do
you need?
b) What type of closest
packing is displayed by
the cannonballs?
10. Classify the solid states in terms of
crystal types of the elements in the
third period of the periodic table.
Predict the trends in their melting
points and boiling points.
11. Classify each of the following solids
as metallic, covalent, ionic or
molecular.
a. It melts below 100C and is
insoluble in water